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Full text of "Lee of Virginia, 1642-1892 : biographical and genealogical sketches of the descendants of Col. Richard Lee. With brief notices of the related families..."

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REYNOLI"^'^ '-^"^TORICAL 
GENEALOGY > OLLECTION 



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{^LLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00849 7684 



Digitized by the Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/leeofvirginia16400inleee 



LEE OF VIRGINIA'^ 



1642-1892 



Biographical and Genealogical Sketches of 



The Descendants of Colonel Richard Lee 



WITH BRIEF NOTICES OF THE RELATED FAAULltS OF 

Al.ir.RTON, ARMlSTtAD. ASHTON, AYLcTT, BEDINGES. BEVEPLEY. BL\ND, BOLLING, Ca.P.POLL, 

Carter, Chamdeks, Copbin, Cust:s, Digges, Fairfax, Fitziilgh, Ga^'DNE!;. 
QPYy.ES. Hanson, Jenings, Jones. Lldwell, Marshall, .Vuson, 
Page, Randolph, Shephehd, Sinr^EN. Tabb, Tayi.of, 

TUKBERVILLE, WASHINGTON, AND OTHERS 



EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY 

EDMUND JENNINGS LEE, M. D. 

ME.nEER OF THE KISTORSCaL SOCIETIES OF 
PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA 



PHILADELPHIA 

IS95 



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4 PREFACE. ' 

Stone Leo, of Wiltshire, has been secured, and he has i^iven a succinct 
account of his English line. Since many persons seem to think that everv 
American who bears the same name must of necessity be of the same stock, 
a few sketches of the various EuL-lish Lee families, to sho.v the erroneous- 
ness of such an idea, have Ijeen given by Mr. J. Henry Lea, of Fairhaven, 
Mass., who is well equipped for such work. Coming now to the Virginia 
family, the life of the Immigrant has been traced as well as existing rec- 
ords would allow. Then each of his children has been treated in like man- 
ner ; next, his grandchildren, and so on down to the present generation. 
As only three of the Immigrant's sons have been proven to have left sur- 
viving male issue in Virginia, and, as the issue of these three sons form 
three distinct lines of descent, they have been treated separately. Under 
the notice of each head of a family, the names cf his children are given, 
numbered, in the order of their birth, by the Roman figures placed before 
their names. Those sens who married and themselves became heads of 
families ha\'e also Arabic figures placed after their namts. to show where 
they are taken up in the next generation. Whatever is known as to unmar- 
ried sons, and as to all daughters, is given with their parents. The records 
upon which these sketches are based have been derived from wills, deeds, 
family Bibles, tombstone inscriptions, and such like authorities. All the 
wills, deeds, land grants, official conmiissions, etc., quoted in. this volume 
are from duly attested copies. The official certificates have been omitted 
to save space. 

The pictures given are photographic copies of old family portraits, 
miniatures, engravings, or photographs. Some of these were much defaced 
by time, and offered very poor subjects for copying. The general excel- 
lence of the prints given is due to the skill and attention bestowed upon 
them by the efficient employes of the Gutekunst Company of this city. 

That equal prominence might be given to maternal ancestry, brief 
sketches of the parentage of wives of the Lees of the older generations are 
added ; nearly all of the families so sketched have been for generations 
prominent in the social and political life of \'irginia, and more or less com- 
plete records of them are given elseuhere. Consequently, it was telt that 
the merest outline of their family history would be sufficient in this connec- 
tion. Wiierever it has been possible to obtain an accurate representation 
of the coat-armor once actually used by these lamilies, it has been given in 
as clear a copy as the original would allow. 

The various sj»ellings used in the old letters and documents have been 
followed; as far as possible their punctuation and use of capitals has also 
been preserved. 



• •• (J 



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PREFACE. 



S^Jc 



To those who have so kindly and efficiently rendered assistance in 
compiling this volume, the editor returns his most grateful thanks. Among 
those to whom he is especially indebted may be mentioned the followinrf : 
Mrs. Mary Lee Gouverneur, of Frederick county, Marylarid. the oldest 
living representative of the family, in spite of her advanced age, copied a 
large amount of the family records of the descendants of her grandfather. 
Gov. Thomas Sim Lee. To Mi.-s Margaret H. Lee, of Richmond, the 
descendants of Hancock Lee owe the best part of the record of their line as 
given in this volume. Mr. W. G. Stanard, also of Richmond, has furnished 
much information, some of which has been acknowledged in the proper 
places throughout the text ; but many dates, nanies of ofhcial positions, and 
such like data derived from him, have not been acknowledged in that way. 
Mr. R. A. Brock, who has rendered such efticicnt service in preserving and 
•arranging Virginia history, as well as that of th.e South in general, has also 
given valuable assistaiice. Dr. A. G. Grinnan, of Madison county, Virginia, 
and Mr. Thomas "SI. Green, of Danville. Ky., have been very helpful. 
especially in sending intorm.ation concerning the descendants of Hancock 
Lee. Mr. Alexander Brown, of Norwood. Nelson county, has been exceed- 
ingly kind in contributing material. In Baltimore, Mr. Wilson ^Llies Car-\-, 
and Mr. Joseph Packard, Jr., liave been most helpful; to the latter espe- 
cially many thanks are due for assistance in carrying the work through tlie 
press. From the Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, and his invaluable Virginia 
Gi:nt-aIogies, much aid has been received. Miss Kate ^Lason Rowland, of 
Baltimore, has also sent some interesting data from the files of the old 
Maryland Gazette. 

In conclusion, the editor desires to return thanks to the Franklin Print- 
ing Company of this city for the faithful manner in which they have pre- 
pared and [trinred this volume. The excellent proof-reading deserves special 
commendation. 

Attention of readers is especially called to the Appendix, where some 
important and interesting additions and corrections are given. 

Philadelphia, istMav. 1895. 



fi •:;'! r . d:y> r- 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PORTRAITS. 



Page 

49 



Colonel Richard Lee, 

From an engraving of his original portrait. 

Mrs. Richard Lee, Sr., 64 

From a photograph of her original portrait. 

Richard Lee, Jr., ■y^ 

From an enj^ravirg of his original portrait. 
Mrs. Richard Lee, Jr., 78 

From a photograpli of her original portrait. 

Thomas Lee, of Stratford, 103 

From an engraving of his original portrait. 

Mrs. THO^LA.s Lee, 112 

From a photograph of her original portrait. 

Richard Hexrv Lee, 172 

From an engraving of a miniature; representing him in his younger days. 

Richard Hexrv Lee iqo 

From his portrait in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 

Fran'cis L;ghtfoot Lee, 215 

From a print of his original portrait. 

Willam Lee 235 

From a miniature. 

Dr. Arthur Lee, 2^4 

From a portrait in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. 
General Henry Lke, 329 

From an engr.iving. 

Judge Charle:^ Lee 362 

F"rorn his pirtrait in the Hepartmeat of Ju-,tice, Washington. 

Mrs. CrLXRi.ES Lei: 36^ 

From a jx^rtrait liy Sully after Stuart. 

Richard Bi and Lee -yo 

From a miniature. 



T/J,1 ^',;.: •; K ; ' :,-^ ' 



8 list ok illustrations. 

Theodoric Lee, ■.-. 

From a portrait. 

Edmund I. Lee, Sr., --. 

From a photograph of an old miniature. 
ADMIR.A.L SaMIEL PhILLIPS LeE, -f't'- 

From a portrait by Sully, iS45- 

From a recent photograph, -^qR 

Mrs. Samuel. Phillips Lee -q- 

From a portrait by Sully, 1S39. 

Major John Fitzoer^vld Lee, 400 

From a photograph. 
General Robert E. Lek, 41 r 

From an engraving made from a daguerreotype taken about 1S52. 

Mrs. Rorert E. Lee, n6 

From a portrait painted during the earlier years of her married life. 

General Robert E. Lee, 440 

From a photograph taken at Richmond in May, 1865. 

Mrs. Robert E. Lee, 454 

From a photograph taken shortly before her death. 

Edmund L Lee, Jr., ^68 

From a photograph taken a few years before his death. 

Cassius F. Lee, 474 

From a daguerreotype taken about 1846. 

General Fitzhugh Lee, 4^''> 

From a recent photograph. 

General G. W. C. Lee, 497 

From a photograph taken about 1S70. 

General W. H. F. Lee, 499 

From a recent engraving. 

General Edwin Gray Lee, .5'"^ 

From a photograph taken a short time prior to lii^ death. 



OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Pack 

Arms of Lee of Coton Hall, County Salop, .... frontispiece 

Old Wood Carving of Lee Arms from Cobbs Hall, 50 

A Section of Jefferson's Map of 1787, 52 

A Silver Cup presented by John Lee to his College at Ox- 
ford, 67 

The Corbin Arms, 84 

The Fitzhugh Ar>l-, 89 

The Turblrville Arms, 93 

Stratford Hall, 116 

The Ludwell Arms, 127 

Fac-Simile of Co mmi-sion of FIknrv Lee as County Lieutenant, 132 

The Bland Arms, 137 

The Wormelev Arm^, 145 

The Fairfax Arms, 147 

The Hanson Arms, 157 

The Old Raleigh Tavern, 176 

Fac-Simile of the original Resolution for Independence as of- 
fered Richard Henrv Lee, 179 

The Washington Arm^ represented in the book-plate of Gen- 
eral Washington, 210 

Fac-Simile of CiniMis-^iON oi" Henry Lee, 291 

The Jenings Arms, 300 

The Lee Arms on a silver dish, 305 

The DiGGEs Arms, 311 

The Beverley Arms, 319 

Fac-Simile of the Medal Awarded Henry Lee by Congress, 1778, 332 

The Carter Arms, 357 

The Carroll Arms, 3S6 

Randolph Arms repre^eni kd in the book-plate of Sir John 

Randolph, 406 

Arlington House, 438 

The Gardner Arms, 477 

The Arms ok the Page Family, 482 

9^ / C 



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.--<, ,,.l 



CONTENTS. 



THE Lf:ES OF ENGLAND. 

Pagb 

The Ten Principal Lee Fa;:iilies, 17 

Leigh of West IL-Jl, High Leigh, Cheshire, 18 

Leigh of East Hall, Cheshire, 19 

Lee of Lea Hall ?vid Dernhall, Cheshire. 19 

Lygh of Lanford and Corsley, Wiltshire, 20 

Leigh of Flamherdstone, Wilts, and of the Isle of Wight, 21 

Lee of D':.' l,ee Magna, Kent, 21 

Lea of Pk^.les Ov/en Grange, Salop, and Kings-Norton, V>'orcestershire, 21 

Ley of Bereferrers, Devon, and of Teffont Evias, Wilts., 22 

Leigh, of Addiiigton, Surrey, 22 

Lee of Hughlcy, Salop, 22 

J-ee of Hartwell, Buckingham'-hire, 23 

Lee of Langley and Coton, Shropshire, 24 

Barnel of Acton Burnell and Langley, 43 

^Moreton-Corbet, 47 

LEE OF V1RGINL\. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

1 Colonel Richard Lee, 49 

His Children, 65 

SECOND OENERATION, STRATFORD LINE. 

2 Richard Loe : Lwtitia Corbin, 74 

Thf- (x;ibin Family 83 

The r'it/luigh Family, 89 

THIRD Cr.NI-.RAllOX, STRA1F0UD LINF. 

3 Richard Lee: Martha Silk, 9^ 

The Tuibcr\;:lc Family 93 

1 1 



1 ) , i i ' i! 



12 CONTtNTS. 

Pagf 

4 Philip Lee: Sarah Brooke and Elizabeth Sewall, 96 

The Chambers Family, 10 1 

5 Thomas Lee: Hannah Ludwell, 103 

The Ludwell Family, 127 

The Shippen Family, 130 

6 Henry Lee: Mary Bland, 131 

The Bland Family, 137 

FOL'RTH CENERATIOX. STRATtORD LINE. 

7 George Lee : Judith Worraeley and Anne Fairfax, 140 

The Wormeley Family, 144 

The Fairfax Fainily, 147 

8 Richard Lee: Grace Ashton, 148 

9 Francis Lee: Elizabeth Holhday, 153 

10 Philip Lee: Bridget , 155 

11 Thomas Lee: Chiistiana Sim, 156 

12 Arthur Lee: Charit}- Hanson, 157 

The Hanson Faaiily 157 

13 Hancock Lee, never married, 160 

14 John Lee: Susannah Smith. 161 

15 George Lee: , 164 

16 Philip Ludwell Lee: Elizabeth Steptoe, • 165 

17 Thomas Ludwell Lee: ^Lary Aylett, 168 

The Aylett Family, 172 

18 Richard Henry Lee: Anne Aylett and Anne (Gaskins) Pinckard, 172 

Gaskins Wills, 208 

The Washington Famii} , • . . . 209 

19 Francis Lightfoot Lee: Rebecca ']\iyl<ie, 215 

20 William I-ee : Har-nah Philippa Ludwell, 235 

21 Dr. .-\rthur Lee, never married, 254 

22 John Lee: >[ary (Smith) Ball, 2S5 

23 Richard Lee: Sally Poythress 2S7 

24 Plenry Lee: Lucy Grymes, 291 

The Grymes Family, 299 

The Jenings Family 300 

HITH (.ENERATIOX, STKATl'OR!) LINE. 

25 George Fairfax Lee: Mrs. Travers, 302 

26 Lancelot Lee : Mary Bathurst Jones and (JockrcU 303 

27 Philip Thomas Leo: Russell 304 



CONTENTS. " J, 

Pagb 

28 Thomas Sim Lee : Mary Digges, ,q6 

The Digges Family, ^^j 

29 Philip Lee: Mary Jacqueline Smith ^j^ 

30 Thomas Luchvell Lee: Fanny Carter, ^j^ 

31 George Lee : Evelyn Byrd Beverley, ... • ^18 

The Beverley Family, „ 

32 Thomas Lee: Mildred Washington and Eliza Ashton Brent, . . 320 

33 Ludwell Lee: Flora Lee and Elizabeth Armistead, 323 

34 Francis Lightfoot Lee: Elizabeth and Jane Fitzgerald, .... 327 

35 Henry Lee: Matilda Lee and Anne Hill Carter, 329 

The Carter Family, ...g 

36 Charles Lee : .\nne Lee and Margaret (Scott) Peyton 362 

The Jones Family, -g- 

The Packard Famil\-, -^p 

37 Richard Bbnd Lee : Elizabeth Collins, 3yo 

38 Theodric L..ee : Catharine Hite, ->-,2 

39 Edmurid Jennings Lee: Sarah Lee, ^yi 

The Tabb Family, ,3^ 



SIXTH (.;ENERAT10N-, STRATFORD LINE. 

40 Thomas Lee: Eleanor Cromwell, -,8^ 

The Carroll Family, ,§^ 

41 William Lee: Mary Lee Hollyday, 38S 

42 John Lee: Harriet Carroll, 302 

43 George Lee: Sally Moore Henderson, -^g-^ 

44 Richard Henry Lee : Mary Duncan Mahon and Anna Eden Jordan, 394 

45 Samuel Piiillips Lee: Elizub.ech Blair, 396 

46 John Fitzgerald Lee : Eleanor Ann Hill, 39c, 

47 Henry Lee: Anne R. McCarty, 403 

4S Charles Carter Lee: Lucy Penn Taylor, 404 

The Fv.andolph Family, 405 

49 Sydney Smith Lee: .-Vnna Maria Mason, 408 

The Mason Family 410 

50 Robert Edward Lee : ^La^y .\. R. Custis, 412 

The Custis Family, 4^5 

51 Robert Eden Lee : Margaret Gordon Scott 461 

52^Richard Bland Lee : J'lHa Anna Marion Prosser, 462 

53 Zaccheus Collins Lee: ^Lutha Ann Jenkins, 466 

54 John Hite Lee: Elizabeth Prosser . 467 



' i'-.^ -'7 '..n 



- 1 . , 



14 CONTENTS. 

Page 

55 Edmund Jennings Lee: Eliza Shepherd and Henrietta Bedinger, 468 

The Shepherd Family, 470 

The Bedinger Family, 471 

56 William Fitzhngh Lee: Mary C. S. Chilton, 472 

57 Caisius F. Lee: Hannah P. L. Hopkins and Anne Eliza Gardner, 474 

The Gardner Family, 477 

Peterkin, 479 

58 Charles Henry Lee : Elizabeth A. Dunbar, 480 

59 Richard Henry Lee : Evelyn Byrd Page, 480 

The Page Family, 482 



SEVENTH GENERATION, STRATIOKD IJNE. 

60 Thomas Lee: Harriet Carver 485 

61 Thomas Sim Lee: Josejjhine O'Donnell, 4S5 

62 Charles Carroll Lee: Helen Parrish, 486 

63 George Lee: Laura Frances Rogers, 487 

64 Richard Henry Lee: Mary Wilson 4S7 

65 Francis Ligh.tfoot Lee : ^^ary LJuncan Mahon 4S7 

66 Francis Preston r.!a;r Lee : Anne Clymer Brooke, 48S 

67 William Hill Lee : Julia Turner, 48S 

68 George Taylor Lee: Ella M. (GooJrum) Fletcher, 488 

69 Henry Lee : Lilian Elizabeth. Woollen, 4S9 

70 Robert Randolph Lee : Alice Wilkinson, 489 

71 Fitzhugh Lee: Ellen Bernard Fowle, 489 

72 John Mason Lee: Nora liankliead, 496 

73 Henry Carter Lee: Sally IJuchanan Floyd, 496 

74 Daniel Murray Lee; Xaniiie I'b Ficklen, 497 

75 George Washington Cusiis Lee, never married 497 

76 William Ffenry Fiizb.ugh Lee: Charlotte Wickham and ^Liry 

Tab!) Boiling, . 499 

The Boiling Family, 506 

77 Robert Edward Lee : Charlotte Tavlor Haxail and Juliet Carter, 507 

78 Richard Bland Lee: Mary Alice Butt 50S 

79 Julian Prosser Lee: Meta Wallace Weaver 509 

80 Richard Henry Lee- Isabella WiI.mju 509 

81 Charles Shepherd Lee: Margaret H. Page, 509 

82 Edsvin Gray Lee: S iV>n Pendleton 510 

S3 Edmund Jennings Lee: Rebecca Laurence Rust and bes^ie Read 

Xeilson 511 



ot*- 



OU- 






CONTENTS. - - j- 

Fage 

■84 Henry Eedinger Lee : Lucy Johnston I^Lirshall, 511 

The Marshall Family, ej, 

85 William Fitzhugh Lee : Lillie Parran, r^^ 

86 Cassiu-s Francis Lee: Mary Lloyd, -jc 

87 Cazenove Gardner Loe: ^Larguerite L. Dupont, cje 

The Dupont Family, -j^^ 

88 Francis Dupont Lee : Anne Henderson Taylor, 516 

89 Edmund Jennings Lee : Mary Emma Smith • . . . "16 

90 William Byrd Lee : Sarah Jane Elacklxirn Kownslar, 517 

-91 Charles Henry Lee : Susan Randolph Cooke, 517 

THE DITCHLEY LL\E. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

1 Colonel Richard Let, -j8 

SECOND GENERATION. 

2 Hancock Lee: INIary Kendall and Sarah Allerton, 51S 

The AUerton Family, c,^ 

TheTavlor Familv, , r.-.^ 

1 he Armistead Faniily, e-^i 

THIRI* GENERATION. 

3 Richard Lee: Judith Steptoe, 534 

4 Hancock Lee: Mary Willis, c-^o 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

5 Kendall Lee: Betty Heale, --.- 

Hancock Lee: Winifred Beale, 539 

7 John Lee: Elizabeth Bell, 542 

8 Henry Lee: , r.^ 

FIFTH GENERATION. 

9 George Lee: Frances Ball, caa 

The r.all Family, ... - ,- 

-' ' 340 

10 Kendall Lee: Sarah Gordon and Judith Burton Payne, .... 546 

11 PL^ncockLee: Sinah Ellen Chichester, 546 

12 Willis Lee: ^L^ry Richards, 547 

13 LlancockLee: Susan Richards, 547 

J4 Thomas Lee: Bell, 549 



1 !!£.'.■ ■ J J. 



\' .. •I 



I . 



1 6 CONTENTS. 

SIXTH CENEKATION. 

Pace 

15 Arthur I.ee: Sarah Hagij;emaii 549 

16 Thomas Lee: Mary Pearson, 549 

17 William Lee : Eliza Wamack and Hannah Saiinders, 550 

iS ITancock Leer ^Lary Henderson and ^lartha Bickerton Drc\\', . 550 

19 John ILancock Lee: ?vL^ry Lee Willis, Fannie ^Villis, and ^NLary 

Jones, 551 

20 Henry Hancock Lee: Olivia Xutt, 552 

SEVKN'IH GENERATION. 

21 William Kendal! Lee : Henderson, ■ .... 553 

22 George Lee: Ellen Clark, 553 

23 William Thomas Lee : Susan iManton, 553 

24 James Kendall Lee, never married, 553 

25 Henry Hancock Lee: Maud r'aiiie, 557 

26 Robert Edward Lee : Meta Shumate, 557 

THE COEBS HALL LINE. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

1 Colonel Richard Lee, 55S 

SECOND GENERATION. 

2 Charles Lee : Elizabeth Medstand, 55S 

THIRD GENERATION. 

3 Thomas Lee: , 5^^ 

4 Charles Lee: Elizabeth Pinckard, 562 

FOURTH GENEKATIDN. 

5 Thomas Lee : Lucy , 5^3 

6 Charles Lee : Joannah Morgan, 564 

7 Charles Lee : >Lary Lee and Leeanna Jones, 566 

FIFTH GENERATION. 

8 Thomas Lee: , 5^S 

9 Charles Lee: Sarali Hull, 56S 

SIXTH GENERATION. 

10 Richard Lee: Elizabeth Hurst, S1^ 

11 Kendall Lee: Mary Xutt 5 7° 

Ai)pendi.x, 573 

Errata, - 57 7 



^y^-:-:.yn 



r ■> ,|( t, ;• '■; i ) J 



M,,.'>U/ 



LEE OF VIRGINIA, 






THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 




>tIE earliest records of England contain references to many families 
of this name, thoiighi spelt in many difierent forms. The various 
counties of England have been from early times dotted with Lee 
villages, towns, and rivers; there was scarcely a county that did 
not contain several Lee seats, mansions, or manors. In view of the preva- 
lence of this name, it will be readily acknowledged that the accurate tracing 
of the descendants of any special progenitor is no easy task. It can only 
be accomplished by a careful and thorough scrutiny of all reliable records ; 
this Mr. William Eiackstone Lee has done for the Lees of Langley and 
Coton, and gives here a summary of the reliable data he has gathered. 
The only addition to his accurate sketch tb.at might be made, with interest 
to those not well versed in genealogy and heraldry, is a brief account of the 
other well-known Lee families of England. Such sketches will enable 
readers to discriminate l>etween those having the same name, yet belonging 
to different families and bearing different arms. Families who lawfully bore 
simHar arms were considered to have had a common parent stock. 

The following sketches often of the principal Lie families in England 
are from the pen of Mr. J. Henry Lea. of Rrlrhaven, Mass., who has devoted 
considerable time to the study of the genealogies of the families of this 
name. His sketches may, therefore, be considered ihorouglily accurate and 
reliable. They are necessarily very brief These ten families are: 

1. Leigh of West Hall, High Leigh, Cheshire. 

2. Leigh of East Llall, High Leigh, Cheshire. 

3. Lee of Lea Hall and Dernhall, Cheshire. 

4. Lygh of Lanford and Corsley, Wiltshire. 

5. Leigh of Flamberdstone, Wiltshire, and Isle of Wight. 

6. Lee of De Lee Magna, Kent. 

7. Lea of Halesowen, Salop, and of Ringsnorton, Worcester. 

8. Ley of Bereferrers, Devon, and of Teffont Evias, Wiltshire. 

9. Leigh of East Leigh, Kent, and of .Vddington, Surrey. 
10. Lee of Hughley, Shropshire. 

17 



-J. '} 



I. , ■ 1 . 'f-l 



1 , . I 



iS THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 

I. LFJOII OF WEST HALL, CHESHIRE. 

Arms: Or, a iiou rampant, gules, (ancient arms, Gules a pale fusillce argent, being the 

arms of Lyme). 

Thib, the most ancient family of the name in England, traces its pedi- 
gree through Hamon de Leigh (temp. Henry U.) son of Gilbert de Vena- 
bles, liaron of Kindeiton, and great grandson of Gilbert de Venables of 
Xoruiandy, who accor.ipanied the Conqueror to England, and was a 
youneer brother of ihiliault (HI.), Count of Blois, and a descendant of 
Thibault, brother of Rollo, the Viking, the first Duke of Xormandy. Rich- 
ard de Leigh, great grandson of Hamon, left issue Agnes, only daughter 
and heir, who married, first, Richard de T>)'me, the younger son of Llugh de 
1-yme, and had issue a son, Thomas, who took the name of his mother, and 
became the ancestor of the Leighs of West Llall. This Agnes married, 
secondly, Sir William de Venables, Knt. (her fourth cousin in the male 
line), and had issue, John De Leigh, who assumed the name of his mother, 
but retained the arms of his father, /. e., Azure, two bars argent. From 
him are descended the Leiglis of Boothes, Stoneley, Lee of Hartwell, and 
man}- others. 

I'iie following ancient and noble families of the name trace their 
descent from the parent stock of High Leigh : — Boothes (arm^ ; az. 2 bars 
arg. , over all a bend gu.) ; B;'guley (arms: az. 2 bars arg., over all a bend 
sa.) ; Adlingtoir (arms: a/.. 2 bars arg., over all a bendlet gobony or and 
gu.) ; Berchington (arms: az. 2 bars arg., over all, on a bend gu., 3 
phieons of the second) ; Lyme (arms: gu., a cross engrailed arg.) ; of the 
Ridge (same arms); Stoneley, V/arw., Lords Leigh (same arms) ; Lee of 
Hartwell, Bucks, (arms : a/. 2 bars or, over all a bend gobony or and gu.) ; 
Oughtrington (arms: arg. a bend fusillee sa., quartering or a lion ram- 
pant, gu.); I'rownsover, Warw., Barts. ; .\nnerley, co. Xotts. ; Egginton, 
CO. Deri)}' (arms: az., a {)late betw. 3 ducal crowns or, within a bordure 
arg.) ; Ijirch, co. Lane, (arms: az., 2 bars arg. a bend gobony or and gu., 
and soinelimes 2 crowns in chief or); Rushall, co. Staff, (arms: gu., a 
cross engrailed arg., in dexter quarter an escutcheon of the last charged 
with 2 bars az. and debrused by a bend gobony or and gu.) ; Longborrow 
and .Adleslrop, co. Glouc. (arms: gu., a cross engrailed arg., in dexter 
(juarter a lozenge of the second) ; Newnham Regis, co. Warw., Earls of 
Chichester (same arm<) ; Stockwell, co. Surry (arms: gu., a cross engrailed 
and bordure engrailed arg.) ; Isell, co. Cumb. (parent stock of Baguley) ; 
Townley, co. Lane, (arms: arg., a fess and 3 mullets in chief, sa.); 
Middloton, CO. York (arms: arg., 2 bars sa., over all a bend, gu.), 



I'XI' 



LEE OF LEA HALL AND DERNHALL, CHESHIRE. 



19 



and many other distinguished and gentle families. {O/nerOifs Cheshire, 
Helsby's Ed. I, 449.) ;. 

2. LEIGH OF EAST HALL, CHESHIRE. - ' 

Arms: Argent, a lion rampant gules. 

Are descended from Efward or Oswald de Lega and were probably a 
co-armigerous family with the last named, the arms being identical except in 
tincture. The very strong probability of their descent from the Venables 
stock is recognized by Omerod and other authorities. Like the Leighs of 
West Hall, they have retained their estates and preserved a m.aie succession. 
{Omerod, I, 457.) 



3. LEE OF LEA HALL AND DERXHALL, CHESHIRE. 

Arms: Argent, a Fess sable between three leopards' heads of the second. (A later grant 
15S3, gave a chevron instead of the fess.) 

Are descended from John Lee, who married Isabelle, daughter of Sir 
Piers Button, of Button, and had a son, John, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Fulleshurst, or Folhurst, and was succeeded by his 
eldest son, Tliomas, who married Marjery, 
daughter of Sir John Aston, Knt., and had 
a son, John, who married Margery, daughter 
of Henry Hocknel. and liad issue : i, Thomas, 
his successor at Lea Hall; 2, John, of Aston, 
CO : Stafford; 3, William; 4, Robert, of 
Aston; 5, Benedict, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter and heir of Sir John Wood, Esqr., of 
CO : Warwick ; his son, Richard, of Quarren- 
don, CO : Bucks, altered his arms to, "Argent, 
a fesse bet\seen three crescents, sable ; " he left, 
besides two daughters, Elizabeth and Katha- 
rine, four sons : 



I, Sir Robert Lee of Burston. who was ^ 
the grand.father of Sir Henry Lee, K. G., of ^^S'if- 







Quarrendon, temp. Queen Elizabeth. He died 
in 161 1 without surviving issue, when his estates 
were inherited by his cousin, Sir Henry Lee, IJart., of Bitchley. 

2, Roger Lee of Pightlesthorne, co : Bucks., from whom the Lees of 
Binfield are descended. 



' i' > 



/ : a-.!/. 



•>-■- .Id 



r-r. \ r,r' . : b 



.i (■;• 



20 THE I.EKS OF ENGLAND. 

3, Henry I.ce (of Oxon.?), left issue. 

4, Benedict Lee of Hulcote, co : Bucks., was the father of Sir Robert 
Lee, Knt., of Plulcote, whose son, Sir Henry Lee, inherited the estates of 
his cousin, above mentioned, and became seated at Ditchley. From him 
wD„s descended Sir Edward-lrlenry Lee, fifth Baronet, Colonel of the first 
Foot Guards, who was elevated to tlie peerage as Earl of Litchfield, bv 
letters-patent, on the 5th of June, 1674; Robert, the fourth Earl died on 
the 4th of November, 1776, without issue; "when," says Burke, '-the earl- 
dom of Litchfield and minor honors became extinct." The estates were 
eventually inht^rited by Lady Charlotte Lee, daughter of the second earl; 
she married on the 26th of October, 1744, Viscount Dillon, and has left 
descendants. From Thomas Lee, of Lea Hall, Cheshire, brother of the 
first Benedict, the male line of the elder branch of this family continued 
down in unbroken succession to Charles Lee, the General in the American 
Army during the Revolution. He was born in 1731; died at Philadelphia 
without issue, in 17S2, andwas buried at old Christ church in that city. 
At his death the elder branch became extinct in the male line.' 

4. LYGH OF LAN FORD AND CORSLEY, WILTSHIRE. 

Aims; Argent, guttee dt sang, a lion rampant, gules. 

They were seated at Lanford as early as the reign of Henrv III. 
(1216-1272), being then represented by James de Lygh, who held his 
lands by service of Albreda de Botcrell. Perhaps cadets of the Leighs of 
High Leigh (compare arms), and became extinct in the direct line about 
15 1 5, when Robert Lygh. fourth of the name in succession, left two 
daughters, his co-heirs ; Elizabeth, u ho married John Stanter of Hornin.r'- 
ton, Wilts., and Anv.e, whr) m.irried William Beckett, of Wilton, co. 
Wilts. {Hoard's Mod. Ji'i/rs., X, S2.) 

' A genealogy of the nu;irTefuion I.'C-^, by the writer, is now a|ipearing in the Geneaior^ist, 
Nesv Series, \'oi. \'II1, p. 226, et :■■!., whicit will give, for the tirst time, a practically correct 
aiid complete account of this much alused and, in the male line, totally e.Minct family. 

Note: Ai thi.-re has been for many years a tradition among-t the Lees of Virginia that 
they were in some way descended from the Ditchley line, the arms borne bv that family are 
given above. .\:i previously st.itcd, Ricliard I.ee,on becoming >eat..d at Quarrendon, altered 
his anns from "three leopards' heads " to "three crescents," retaining crest and motto. 
Though th.e Lees of Virginia cannot, as a family, trace any descent from the Ditchley stock, 
there are some of them that cm do so through ihe maternal line. Benedict Calvert, fourth 
I>ord Baltimore, married in l6.)S I^ily (.."h.-irlotte I- it/roy, daughter of Fxiward Her)ry Lee, first 
Ear' of Litchfield ; their great great gr."nd<laughter, Eleanor Calvert, married John Parke 
Custis, tlie grandfather of .Mrs. Kot>erl E. Lee, whose children are therefore descended from 
the Ditchley stock. — I'.,(ir<i-. 



' .' / 



:-j / i 



LEA OF HALES OWEN ORANGE, SALOP, AND KINGSNORTON. 



5. LEIGH OF FLAMDF:RDSTC)XE, WILTS., AND OF THE ISLE 

OF WIGHT. 

Arms: Argent, on a chief embattled sable, three phites. 

This family, probably cadets of the last named, trace their descent 
from John Lye, of Flamberdstone (1368). A superb alabaster monument 
of Sir John Leigh, Knt.. who died in 1522, is still remaining at Godshill 
church, in the Isle of Wight. They were long seated in the island, and 
are now represented by Edward Leonard Leigh, Esq., of Northcourt 
House, Charteris, Cambridgeshire. (^Hoare'' s Afod. Wilts., H, 4; Berry's 
Hants. Genealogies.) 



6. LEE OF DE LEE MAGNA, KENT. 

Arms : Azure, on a fess cotised or, tliree leopards' heads erased, gules. 

Derive their descent from Symon Lee, "descended from ancestors in 
co: Worcester," whose son, John Lee, was of Wolksted in Surrev, and 
whose son. Sir Richard Lee. Knt., was Lord ^Layor of London. 1461, and 
1470. The last named purcliased the estate of De Lee Magna, or Great 
Delce, in Kent. Edward Lee, Lord Archbishop of York (1531-44), was 
of this family ; the elder line became extinct in the reign of Queen Anne. 
The Lees of Southwell, Notts., of Pinchinthorpe, Yorks. , of Pinhoe and 
Totnes, in Devon., were cadets. {Berrfs Kent Genealogies, 172. 
Haste J s Kent, I, 173; H, 55. Harl. Soc.,'^\, 348. Graves'" Chveland, 
434-) 



7. LEA OF HALES OWEN GRANGE, SALOP, AND KINGS- 
NORTON, WORCESTERSHIRE. 

Arms: Argent, on a pale between two leopards' faces, sable, three crescents or. 

Originally of Lea Green, Kingsnorton, where they appear in the i6th 
century. By the marriage of William Lea of Hales Owen, in 1709, with 
Frances, daughter of the Hon. William ^Vard, and sister and heir of 
Thomas, Lord Dudley, his son, Ferdinando Dudley Lea became heir (in 
1740) to the Barony of Dudley, but died unmarried in 1757, when the 
title fell into abeyance. i^Her. and Gen., V, 213; \T, z^i-) 






\ t ,11 



?,-J' 



22 THE LEF.S OF ENGLAND. 

8. lEY OF BEREFERRF.RS, DEVON., AND OF TEFFONT 
EVL'VS, WILTSHIRE. 

Arnib: Argent, a chevron between three seals' heads, sable. 

Of this family, uho were also of Kempthorne in Devon., and of 
Morwinstow, Cornwall, was Flenry Ley of Teffont Evias who, by his wife, 
Dyonisia, daughter of Walter de St. Maur, Esq., had issue six sons, of 
whom the youn-est was Sir James Ley, Knt. and Bart., Baron Ley and 
Earl of Marlborough, and Lord High Treasurer of England; he died in 
1628, aged 78. A splendid monument to his memory remains at Westbury 
in Wilts. He has been referred to by Milton (in a sonnet to his daughter 
Margaret) as, 

"That Good Earl, once President 
Of England's Council and lier Treasuiy, 
Who lived, in both, unstained with gold or fee, 
And left them both, more in himself content." 

■ William, fourth Earl, died without issue in 1679, when the earldom 
became extinct, to be revived later as a dukedom in the Churchill family. 
{Hoan-'s Mod. IVi/fs., W, in; HI, 35. IVesf. Aiitiq., IV, 175. Complde 
Peerage, V, 251. Jlarl. Soc, V, i:?;.) 

9. LEIGH OF ADDIXGTON, SURREY. 

Arms: Or, on a chevron sable, ihiee lions' rampant, argent. 

William a Lyghe was of East Leigh in Kent about 1327, from whom 
was descended ]o\\\\ Leigh, Esq., slieriff of Surrey in 1469. He purchased 
Addington in 1417, and founded a flourishing family there and at Abing- 
worth, whose elder line became extinct in 1732. They were Grand Masters 
of Sergeantry, and held Addington by service of carrying the first dish at 
the coronation feast of tlie king. {Hahfef s Kent. II. 173. Bcrrf s Surrey 
Gen., 101. Gent. Md;.:;., VI, 632.) 

10. 1<EE OF HLGIILEY, SALOP. 

The first of this family v/as Rcnulf de Leges (1120), who was, per- 
haps, descended from Edric fit/, Aluric, the Saxon feofce of the estate at the 
Conquest, or, more probably, from some usurping Xorman, who replaced 
him in his fiefs after Duo:nsday. The family took their surname from the 
estate, which was at first called Lega or Lee, and afterward Hughley, from 
the Christian name of one of the later lords of the manor (Flugo de Lee, 



.if: 



' 'M 



•.; :'.l 



-:i , .".-J 



; •,;• rni\ -jii'l' 



LEE OF HARTWELL, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 



23 



occurs 1213 to 1262), presenting the curious result that while the family 
had taken its name from the manor, the manor, in its turn, took its distinc- 
tive name from a member of the tamily. 

This Hugh Lee has been, by the Herald's College and, follou'ing their 
authority, by many others, plac ed as the prepositor of the Lees of Langley 
and Coton, an utter anachronism, as, when we examine the evidence, we 
find that while Hugh de Lee might have been a brother, or, still more 
probably, a nephew or cousin, of Sir Reyner de Lee, the real ancestor of 
the Lees of the latter line, it is preposterous to suppose that he was his 
father, as he occurs over forty years after Reyner's death, and the suc- 
cession of his son to his estates. The documentary proof of this is conclu- 
sive and overwhelming. {Eyton' s Antiq. Salop, VI, 302.) 

LEE OF HARTWELL, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

Anns : Azure, two hars or, a bend chenue or, and gules. 

Among the dozen or more families that trace their descent from the 
parent stock of Leigh of High Leigh, Cheshire (as shown by Mr. J. Henry 
Lea), are the Lees of Hartwell, who settled in Bucks in the beginning of 
Henry IV. 's reign. William Leigh, of Moreton, in the parish of Dinton, 
died in i486. Fourth in descent from him was Sir Thomas Lee, Knt., of 
Moreton, who married Eleanor, the daughter and eventually the heiress of 
Michael Hampden, Esq., of Hartwell, and had twenty- tour children. He 
was succeeded by his son, Thomas, and he, in turn, by a Thomas, whose 
eldest son, also a Thomas, was created a L.aronet on the i6th of August, 
1660. This Sir Thomas Lee served many years in Parliament, and '•' was much 
admired for his elegant speeches in the House of Commons, where he was a 
leader in the debates." His son, another Sir Thomas, also a member of Parlia- 
ment, left four sons : i, Thomas, his successor at Hartwell and in Parliament ; 
2, William, Privy Councillor and Lord Chief Justice of England ; 3, John, a 
colonel in the Guards ; 4, Sir George, LL.D., a privy councillor and treas- 
urer to the Princess Dowager of Wales. Third in descent from this Sir 
Thomas was Sir George, rector of Hartwell, etc., who died in 1S27, unmar- 
ried, when the Baronetcy expired. The Hartwell estate is said to have been 
in the possession of this family, /. c, tlie Hampiliiis, since 126S. The pres- 
ent owner is Edward Dyke Lee, who recently inherited it from an uncle. 

Hartwell was for some time the residence of Louis XVIII. while exiled 
from the throne of France, and became well known throughout Europe at 
that time as the headquarters of the Bourbon family. {Lipscoinbt:'' 5 Bucks. 
I, 163, II, 303. Divinn s Visit, of Wales, I, 199.) 



;[: r\i.\ri A' -hi JZtiS hiU 



-J 



24 THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 

LEES OF LANGEEY AND COTOX. 

]iY William Bi.ackstom Lke, Eso., Seknu, Wilts. 

Lee of Lea, Aldon, Alderton, Hadnall, Stanton, Roden, Pimhill, Ber- 
ringlon, etc., fioui about 1150 to 1380, and afterward of Langley, Lea 
Hall, Acton Burncll, Xordley Regis, and Coton Hall, all in Shropshire. 
Also of Ankerwycke imd Wraysbury, Bucks. Also of Cholderton, Wilts, 
and Buriton, Hants. 

Arms : Gu. a fesse cbequy or and az. between ten billets arg. four in chief, and three, 
two, one in base. This is the form in which tlie arms were certified to each branch of the 
family (represented respectively by Richard Lee of Langley and Humphrey Lee of Coton) 
at the first visitation in 1569. and to this form the Coton branch has nearly always adhered, 
while the Langley branch has borne the fesse, sometimes chequy, sometimes counter- 
compony, and has varied the numher of billets. There is no heraldic distinction between 
the two branches, but it is shown by ancient seals that the earliest form of fesse was 
counter-compony, and wh.en Sir Humphrey Lee certified the pedigree for both branches of 
the family in 1623 the coat then allowed to him bore the fesse in that foim. (The above 
statement is from an oTicial report on the arms of the family by C. H. Athill, Esq., Ricb- 
laond Herald.) 

Crest : On a staff raguly lying fesseway.- a squirrel sejant proper cracking a nut (or 
acorn), from the dexter end of the stall a hazel (or oak) branch vert fructed or. 

Motto : Xe Incautus Futuri. 

fluarteriugs : l.an\;Uy branch : Astley, azure a cinqfoil pierced erm. within a bordure 
en'T-r. of the second. Burnell, az. a lion ramp, guard, arg. guttee de sang, crowned Of 
Peshall ar-.^. a cross fleury s.a. on a canton gu. a lion's head era--ed of the first crowned or. 
Sprenchose, per fesse gu. and vcrt a fc-:se arg. in chief a chevron of the last. Coton hranch : 
Astley az. a cinqfoil pierced t. rm. within a bordure engr. of the second. 

The pedigree of this family, which is op.e of the oldest in England, is 
registered at the Herald's College, and covers a period of about 750 years, 
the representatives at t!ic different visitalii.ms having been as follows : 

1569. Richard Lee, Esq., of Langley, and Humphrey Lee, Esq., of 

Coton. 
1 5 84. John Lee, Esq., of Coton. 
1623. Sir Humjihrey Lee, Bart., of Langley, who certified the pedigree 

for both branches. 
1663. Thomas Lee, Esq., of Coton. 

From this last date the pedigree is certified by William lilackstone Lee, 
Esq., the present representative. 

The late Rev. R. W. I^yton and the late Sir \Villiam Hardy, Keeper of 
the Records in the Ofilce of the Duchy of Lancaster, two most able antiqua- 






.1 f: . v, A 



LEES OF LANCLEV AND COTON. 



25 



riansand genealogists, have thrown a great deal of h'ght on the early history 
of this family, and have brought that part of the pedigree to an unusual 
degree of fullness. The former in his History of Shropshire treats of every 
well-known family in the county ; the latter made a special study of that of 
Lee. Flis MS. collections t'rom the English Records are voluminous, while 
his correspondence with Eyton shows that with regard to this particular 
family the latter was greatly indebted to him. Their researches show that 
the Lee possessions in Shropshire were very large, and that many of the 
family were knighted in early times, the last being Sir Thomas de Lee or 
Atte Lee, Sheriff in 1395. One of them. Sir John de la Lee, was Knight 
of the Shire in the Parliament of York in 1322, and again at Westminster 
in 1324. From the time of Reigner de Lee's Shrievalty in 1201, the family 
have filled that office nine times. There are two or three instances of con- 
fusion in the early part of the pedigree ; but it is remarkable, that in one 
going back to such remote times, it has been possible ' by satisfactory 
evidence to set right the only errors which have been actually proved. And 
here it may be as well to add a few words on the value of the Heralds' 
College records, as much misconception exists with regard to them. 

In the first place, the College is the only existing authority on ques- 
tions of coats of armour and descent. With regard to the former there is no 
appeal against its decisions, while as to the latter its testimony is in itself 
legal evidence, which can only be upset by better evidence to the contrary. 
In the second place, it must be remembered that the primary object of the 
Visitations was not to record j^iedigrees, but to ascertain who were entitled 
to bear arms. In early times the number of armigerous families in any 
given county was very small. They were people of distinction, and any 
impostor assuming the coat of arms of a well-known family would have been 
detected at once. Hence the bearing of a particular coat was most valuable 
evidence of descent, and this fact was recognized by the highest authority 
when the Visitations were instituted. They were taken under Royal Com- 
mission, and one of the instructions to the Heralds was that any person 
[)roving to their satisfaction that his ancestors had borne a particular coat 
before the date of the battle of Agincourt (141 5) was to have his claim 
allowed. The proofs submitted to the Lleralds would, of course, consist of 
all kinds of evidence, oral and documentary, and would include that 
derived from inscriptions on tombstones then existing, armorial devices, 
etc., etc. It is obvious that an immense mass of evidence must have been 
produced, much of which has now perished or is impossible to recover. 
Of its sufficiency the Heralds v/ere the sole judges, and having once given 
their decision they were under no obligation to keep any record of the 



'J. \ ^!: 



■-■i 






26 • THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 

proofs upon which it was founded. They did, however, in most cases 
record more or le.-,s fully tlie pedi-rces of those whose claims they allowed 
but the means for securing the absolute accuracy insisted on at the present 
day did not then exist, and errors may no doubt be found in most pedi<^rees 
going back to very enrly limes, and founded in great measure upon charters 
in the possession of tiie family. 'Ihe Heralds made the best of the evidence 
before them, and having established tlie fact that the descent in the main 
was true, they "allowed," /. e., acknowledged the right to the arms in 
question. Their "allowance " of the arms and the pedigrees recorded are 
legal evidence in any Court of Law in the Kingdom. And that evidence 
is two-fold. In the first place, the allowance of the arms is evidence of 
descent from a particular family. h\ the second place, the recorded pedigree 
is in any given case evidence of innnediate parentage. The descent of any 
individual prior to the date of Agincourt from a family distinguished bv a 
particular coat of arms having once been established by the Heralds, his 
claim and that of his descendants does not (to use the words of C. H. 
Athill, Esq., Richmond Herald) re>t ui)on the accuracy of his description 
in the registered pcdijiree, but upon the fact of the heralds being satisfied 
that he bore those arms prior to 1415, the date of .Vgincourt. And the 
onus of proof does not lie on his descendants, but on any one who would 
dispute their claim. The allowance of the arms is legal evidence that their 
ancestor belonged to a particular family, and can only be upset by better 
evidence to the contrary. 

To return to the Lee pedigree, the early part of which is chiefly 
founded on tlie charters or deeds belonging to Sir Humphrey Lee. The 
first name is that of Hugo de Lega, who is given as father of " Reginaldus 
de la Lee, cui Willus filius Willi nlii Alani ad peticoem Lulconis filii Warini 
concesrt terras." This Reginald is the same witli Reyner de Lee, who is 
given by Eyton as the first of the name known to him, and who "towards 
the close of the 12th century acquired Alderton from Fulke Fitz Warin, who 
held it under Fitz Alai;." The actual wording oi the charter compared 
with the description quoted above from the pedigree will show this identity. 
"Willus filius Willi filii Alani omnibus xp'i fidelibus ad quos prsesens 
Charla pervencrit salutem. Sciatis me ad peticoem Fulconis filii Warini 
concessisse Reign' o de Le totam tram ipsius Fulconis, de Aluerton qua; est 
de feodo meo quam i})se Fulco dedit eidem Reign'o pro homagio suo et pro 
XX'' marcis argenti et uno palfrido, etc." The spelling of the name with 
a^and its abbreviation Reign'us might easily account for its appearing by 
a clerical error in the pedigree as Reginaldus. We find, however, in old 
documents that the same name was frequently spelt in a variety of ways. 



-i: .. J 



(:;:!; 



/.l:;. 



LEES OF LANOLEY AND COTON. 



27 



and there is certainly a strong resemblance between the names Reyner, 
Reigner, Rainald, Reignold, and Reginald. The transcriber of the pedi- 
gree may have taken the very reasonable view that they were essentially the 
same, and have used the form Reginald, not in error at all, but deliberately. 
The point, however, is not of importance, as the identity in this case is 
quite clear. 

This Reginald or Reigner de Le was Sheriff, as FitzAlan's deputy, in 
120T, and according to Blakeway, in his "Sheriffs of Shropshire," is the 
first of the family on record as bearing the fesse and billets which have been 
their coat-of-arms ever since, and which, carried by Richard Lee to his 
Virginian home and borne by generations of his descendants, are still to be 
seen there on ruined houses and old silver, giving witness to the race of 
which he came. 

Eyton disputed the statement of the pedigree that Reigner was son of 
Hugo de Lega, but it does not appear that he gives any proofs in support 
of his opinion. Mr. J. H. Lea, who has devoted a considerable amount of 
time to the history of this family, quotes an instance in vrhich Roger de 
Leg' appears as defendant with Reyner de Le in the suit of William de 
Wodston for lands, etc., in Culemere, anno 1203. These co-defendants 
may very likely have been brothers. In any case, it would be rash to 
attempt any hard and fast distinction between the names de Le, de Lega, 
and de Leg'. Indeed, one cannot doubt that Reigner de Le himself is 
identical with Reiner de Lega, who appears as one of the sixteen knights at 
the Salop assizes in 1203. 

With regard to the deed from Fulke FitzWarin, the following are 
Eyton's words in a letter of April, 1S52: "The deed is extremely impor- 
tant. It can be dated within two years, for Hugh de Say, the father of 
Flelias the witness, was living November 12th, 1194 (z-iJe Rot. Cur. Regis, 
Vol. I), and Mag"" Rolr de Salop was consecrated Bishop of Bangor, 17th 
March, 1197. When I add that Reginald de Heding, who occupies a 
prominent position as a witness, was not entitled to such prominence by his 
possessions, but was imder Sheriff to FitzAlan from September, 1195, to 
September, 1196, I think we have a fair presumption of the date of the 
deed." 

It is clear from the date of the Bishop of Bangor's consecration that 
the deed was given before 1197, and the other particulars leave little doubt 
that it Mas not earlier than 1194. We know that Reigner was Sheriff in 
1 201 and he does not seem to occur after 1210. His date of birth may 
therefore fairly be taken -as circa 1150-1170. His son is given in the 
pedigree as Sir John de la Lee and the son of Sir John as Sir Thomas. It 



. . : .:; y..'. -■ !-.\ <n _,.< j 



•>.: J 



K) : ..f^ 



■I •. . \ < 



n ■':■;"> vi..' "lo )jrjfi 



28 THE I.EES OK ENGLAND. 

appears, however, from the researches of Eyton and Hardy that two genera- 
tions are here misplaced, and that Rcigner's son was Sir "I'homas, while 
John, given as Sir Thomas's father, was really his son. In proof of Sir 
Thomas being son to Reigner, Eyton writes, " Thomas de Lee was certainly 
son of Reyner, the two, as father and son, grant conjointly 2^. rent in 
Weston to Haghmon, and another deed shews Thomas confirming his father 
Reyner's grant." 

Sir Thomas (living circa 1221-125S) married Petronilla, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Corbet, Sheriff of Salop 3S Hen. HI. (1253-4) and had two 
sons besides Sir John, viz.: Reyner (called again Reginald in the pedigree) 
and Sir Thomas, who is also given in the pedigree. The latter married 
Petronilla de Stanton, heiress of the Stantons of Stanton Hineheath, Acton 
Reynald, etc., through whom an unbroken descent is given by Eyton from 
Richard, Lord of Stanton Hineheath, in 10S6. The identity of Reyner and 
Reginald is here again shown by comparing the description in the pedigree 
" Reginaldus cui pater ejus dedit villam de Lee subtus Pevenhull " with the 
wording of the charter "Thomas de la Lee miles dedit Reynero filio suo 
totam villam de Lee subtus Pevenhull." In the pedigree this Reyner or 
Reginald is called filius primogenitus, br.t this is clearly an addition made in 
error. He is not so described in the deed, while Eyton and Hardy give 
evidence that Sir Thomas's eldest son was John. The next step in the 
pedigree shows a second Sir John as son to Reginald or Reyner and mar- 
ried to Matilda de Erdington. Here again there seems undoubtedly to be 
confusion, and it is little to be wondered at, for on examining the pedigree 
by the light of Eyton and Hardy's researches we find the first Sir Thomas 
married to Petronilla Corbet ; two of his sons, John and Thomas, married to 
Petronilla de Drayton and Petronilla de Stanton ; and each of his three 
sons. Sir John, Sir Thomas, and Reyner, having a son John, two of these 
last three Johns being knighted. The one who married Matilda de Erding- 
ton seems to have been son of Thomas and of course nephew to Reyner, not 
son, as given in the pedigree. He again had an eldest son John, who was 
knighted, and a daughter Matilda, besides a second son, Sir Thomas de Lee 
of Okehirst, married (according to Hardy) to Sibilla. This last Sir John 
is shown in the pedigree as having a son Robert who married Margaret 
Astley, the heiress of another very ancient family (showing an unbroken 
descent from 1100-1135) and was the first Lee of Colon. It is quite cer- 
tain from documentary evidence, including the In(|uisition Post Mortem of 
Margaret herself, that her husband's name was Roger, not Robert, and Sir 
W. Hardy thought it most probable that he was younger son of Sir John 
Lee's brother. Sir Thomas of Okehirst, whose eldest son was, according to 



,p/ ,rti;c ' II' 



::i:\il'i'.:\- 



■i.i 



LEES OF LANGLEY AND COTON. 



39 



Hardy, Sir Thomas Lee, Sheriff in 1395. One of the Harleian MSS. of 
about 1593 supports this view as follows : "Sir Thomas Lee Knight, temp. 
E. 3, had issue Roger Lee, Esq., a secound sonne whoe mar. Margaret 
daughter and lieire of Thomas Aveley (Astley) sonne to Roger sonne to 
John (J" the 2 had another John to his sone) and had issue John Lee, Esq., 
whoe mar. J ... so ... e (Jocosa or Joyce) Packington, etc., etc., etc." 
(MS. Harl. 2163 fo. 40 b.) The date of this MS. is shown by its refer- 
ence to the children of Thomas Lee of Coton. Only Richard (bapt. Oct., 
1591) and Elinor are mentioned. Garret (bapt. Nov., 1593) and Launcelot, 
afterwards of Coton, (bapt. 1594) are not given. The MS. may therefore 
be taken as written between Oct., 1591, and Nov., 1593. 

Eyton in writing to Hardy says he can throw no light upon the ques- 
tion and that the only thing clear is that Lee of Langley and Lee of Coton 
bore the same arms. Sir Wm. Hardy's opinion is of course entitled to great 
weight ; but both he and Eyton. as their correspondence shov.-s, had some- 
times in constructing their pedigrees to satisfy themselves with the balance 
of probabilities, provided the main facts were established by direct evidence. 
In this case the main fact as to Roger Lee's descent is established by the 
Herald's allowance of arms at the first Visitation and their confirmation of 
the same at subsequent ones. Whether he was son, nephew, or cousin to 
Sir John Lee is not of vital importance. The statement in the Harl. MS. 
that he was son of Sir Thomas, though probable enough, is not supported by 
direct evidence, and the registered statement as to his immediate parentage 
is good evidence till disproved. There is indirect evidence showing that 
he was probably (as stated in the Harl. MS.) a younger son in any case; 
certainly he must have been so if he was son of Sir John. 

We now come to a point where two important errors occur in the pedi- 
gree. The first Lee of Coton is there shown as having two sons by Mar- 
garet Astley, Roger the elder married to Joanna, heiress of Edward Burnell 
(of Acton P.urnell and Langlev), and John, the younger of Nordley Regis 
(and Coton). It is certain, from documentary evidence (including the Inq. 
P. M. on the death of Margaret and the livery of lands to John Lee), that the 
latter was son and heir to Roger and Margaret ; while the evidence adduced 
by Eyton and Hardy shows that the first Lee of Langley was Roger, son of 
John de Lee of Pimhill and Lea Hall, descended from Reyner, younger son 
of Sir Thomas de Lee and Petronilla Corbet. Further, in the pedigree, 
Robert de Lee of Roden, married to Petronilla, is given as son of the above 
Roger and his wife Johanna Burnell, whereas the documentary evidence 
shows that Petronilla was daughter and heir to Roger and Johanna, while 
her husband, Robert, was son of John de Lee of Roden, Stanton, etc. 



i '• ^ .oS 






11 



3° THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 

The evidence given by the Kerald's allowance of arms as to the descent 
of the first two Lees of Langley is thus confirmed by the same documents 
which disprove the evidence of the pedigree as to their immediate parentage. 
The above-mentioned marriage of Robert de Lee of Roden, etc., with 
Petronilla de Lcc of Langiey united in their son Ralph all the estates, except 
Coton and Nordley, inherited or acquired by the family since the 12th 
century. For about 250 years longer this great inheritance was handed 
down from father to son till the death of Sir Richard Lee, in 1660. His 
father, Sir Humphrey, was a second son, and during his elder brother's life 
practiced as a barrister, having been admitted of the Inner Temple in 1578 
(entered as H. Lea of Langley, Salop, gent.). He succeeded, however, in 
15 9 1, to the estates on the death of his father, who survived his eldest son. 
He was Sheriff in 1600, and was created a baronet by James L, May 3d. 
1620, being the first Shropshire gentk-rnan to receive that honour. He died 
in 1633 and was succeeded by his son Richard, second and last baronet. 
Sir Richard was a staunch Royalist, he attended the King at Oxford and 
suffered much in his cause, being reduced to compound for his estate.^ 
He was M. P. for Salop and served as Sheriff in 1639. He died in 1660, 
when his estates were divided between his two daughters, Rachel, married 
to Ralph Cleaton, and ^b.ry, married to Edward Smythe, who was created a 
baronet soon after the Restoration. Although the Langley branch thus came 
to an end and the chief possessions of the family passed into other hands at 
Sir Richard Lee's deatii in 1660, the Coton branch still continued to flourish. 
Fifth in descent from Roger and Margaret we find John l,ee, born in 15 28, as 
appears from the Inq. P. M. in ]\Larch, 15S8-9, on the death of his father, 
Humfrey. He married Jovce Romney and died in 1605, leaving directions in 
his will that he should be buried at Chesham, in lUickinghamshire, if he 
should happen to die there. He did die tliere, and there he was buried, 
having had eight sons, of whom Thomas, his heir, was his successor at 
Coton, and William, the second son, died young. The order of their birth 
is thus given by their father at the ^'isitation of 15S4 :— Thomas, son and 
heir; Gilbert, 4; Jasper, 5; Richard, 6; Edward, 3; William, 2, died 
young; Ferdinand, 7; Josias, 8. The only ones of these (except, of 
course, Thomas) of whom any subsequent trace has yet been found are 
Edward, whose death is recorded in 161 6, and Gilbert, who seems to have 



" Upon Saturdaye moriiynme the XXIJfl of ffebniary. 1644. Coloncll .Mytton and Colonel! Bayer on 
the p-hamt side, w<h abo.it. fyftcene hundred horse and foote did very Secretlie and ciringlie enter 
Shrowesbury.etc." " T!ie names of the Kni,dites and men ofnoate taken vrsouen. in the same Towne weire. 
Sir Nicholas Byron, Sir Kich.ird Lee," an,i many others. " Upon takin^e of S!;rowesbury the Kinges ptie 
burned and quytt Lea Ha!l, and Tonge Castie." etc. (.NLilban and Enrghairs Civil War Memorials, 
Ckeshin, etc., p. 1^4-5.) — EurroR. 



LEES OF LANGLEV AND COTON. 



31 



settled in Essex! At least it is difficult to resist the conclusion that he must 
have been the Gilbert Lee of ToUeshunt Darcy, whose will was proved in 
162 1, leaving brothers Richard and Josias and nephew John. Jasper was 
probably dead when his father made his will, 17th May, 1605, as his name 
is not mentioned therein, but he may possibly have been married and left 
children. In the Visitation of 1623 Ferdinand, Josias, and William are 
marked s. p. What descendants may have been left by any of these 
brothers is at present unknown. Gilbert's will mentioniiig no child, of 
course makes it improbable that he left any, but what of Edward, Richard, 
and Jasper? The question is very interesting in view of the problem as to 
the immediate parentage of Colonel Richard Lee, the first of the Virginian 
branch, as either of the brothers might, in point of time, have been his 
father. The will of the eldest brother, Thomas of Coton, was proved 
October 9th, 1621, appointing as overseer " My well beloved kinsman. Sir 
Humphrey Lee Knight Barronnett," thus showing an affectionate intimacy 
between the two branches of Langley and Coton down to the time when the 
former was near its extinction. 

Thomas Lee of Coton married Dorothy Oteley, and had two sons and 
six daughters. The second son, John, became a successful merchant, and 
purchased the estate of Ankerwycke, in Buckinghamshire. He married 
Mary Pollard, and had two sons, George of Stoke Milbro, Salop, and John, 
who in 16S5 bought an estate at Wraysbury, Bucks. He had also a daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, married to Sir Philip Harcourt, ^L P. for Oxfordshire, and 
in her descendants the Ankerwycke estate still continues. John Lee died 
in 16S2, and was buried in the Harcourt Chapel at Stanton Harcourt. His 
coat of arms on his tombstone bears fourteen billets. His elder brother, 
Lancelot of Coton, married twice, and left a family by each wife. By the 
first, Jane Clemson, he had three sons: John, who died unmarried; 
Thomas, who succeeded him at Coton, and Richard, who is identified by 
E. C. Mead, in his Gcnealcyical History of ihi' Lee Fai)iily, with Colonel 
Richard Lee, the Virginian. There is no foundation v/hatever for this 
assumption, and it is disp.roved by the fact that Thomas Lee of Coton, Rich- 
ard's own brother, in certifying the pedigree at the \'isitation of 1663, gives 
Richard as being of the parish of St. Olave's, Southwark, and married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Langdon, of Cornwall ; whereas Colonel 
Richard Lee, in his will of about the same date, names his wife Anna, who 
is also shown by the Land Patent Records of \"irginia to have been his wife 
when he first settled there in 1641-2. 

Thomas Lee, above mentioned, of Coton Hall, was J. P. for Salop, Sur- 
rey and Kent, and J. P. and D. L. for Middlesex. He married, ist, Dorothy 



■ ■ , . > ,' it. I'l 



: , ■^■,-cI 



32 . THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 

Eldred, of a Norfolk family, and descended also from the family of Wil- 
liam of Wykeham ; 2d. Lady Mary, daughter of the Earl of I.indsey, K. 
G., and 3d, Charity, wid.ow of his brother-in-law, John Eldred. He died 
in 16S7, having had three sons and a daughter by his first and two daugh- 
ters by his third wife. The second son, Thornas, married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Hill, Esq.. of West Cholderion and Winterbourne Dancey 
Wilts, and became ancestor of the Lees of Cholderton, Wilts and Buriton, 
Hants, now represented by the Rev. Lancelot John Lee, of Worthen, Shrop- 
shire, J. P. The third son. John, was rector of Crowmarsh, Oxon. The 
eldest son. Eldred Lancelot, of Coton Hall, J. P., married Isabella, daugh- 
ter of Sir Henry Gough, of Perry Hall, Staffordshire. He died in 1734, 
having had three sons and eight daughters. The eldest son, Lancelot Lee, 
of Coton Hall, married, ist, Elizabeth, daughter of Gervase Scrope, Esq., 
of Cockerington, Lincolnshire; 2d, Ann Elizabeth, -daughter of John 
Michel, Esq., of Kingston Russell and ^)e^^'lish House, Dorset; and 3d, 
Catherine, daughter of Sir Joseph Danvers, Bart. By his second wife he 
left two daughters and one son, Harry Laiicelot Lee, of Coton Hall, J. P., 
who married Jane, daughter of the Rev. E. Cox, and died in [821, leaving 
an only child, Catherine Anne Harriet, l.^y whose marriage with J. ^L 
W'ingfield, Esq., of Tickencote Hall, Rutland, the Coton estate passed to 
that family, and has since been sold. . Thumas, the third son of Eldred 
Lancelot Lee, died unmarried. Harry, the second son, entered the Church 
and became AVarden of Winchester College, from whose founder, William 
of Wykeham, he was, as we have seen, descended. He married Caroline, 
daughter of Joh.n Michel. Esq., of Kingston Russell, and ]3ewlish, and had 
two sons, ILirry (Rev.), of Kingsgate blouse, AVinchester, and Lancelot 
Charles, Rector of Wootton, Oxturdshire, who died unmarried in 1S41. 
The elder son, Harr}-, married l^hilippa, daughter of Sir William Black- 
stone, and had two sons and a daughter. Harry, the elder son, of Kings- 
gate House, J. P., and A'icar of North Bradley, married Julia, eldest 
daughter of Gorges Lowther, E<(\., formerly ?^L P. for Ratoath, and died 
without issue in iSSo. V/illiam Blackstone, the younger son. Rector of 
Wootton, married Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Thomson, Esq., Master in 
Chancery, by his wife, Anne Dalzell Thomson, of Dalzells. St. Kitts, de- 
scended from the first Earl ot Carnwath. 'I'hey had five children, of whom 
two survive: Constance Ainie, unmarried, and William Blackstone. present 
representative of the family. Mr. Lee is J. P. for Wilts, and married in 1S74 
>Laud Ellen Legh, daughter of W. AL Bridger, Esq., of Halnaker House, 
Sussex and the Chantry,. Bradfordon-Avon. j. P. for Sussex and Wilts, by 
his wife, Sophia, daughter of Clorges Lowther, Esq., formerly of Kilrue, 



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34 THE LEES OF EN(^,LAND. 

family identified (without evidence of any kind) with Colonel Richard 
Lee of Virginia is, as we have already seen, Richard younger brother of 
Thomas I.ee of Coton, born in 1622 and married to Elizabeth Langdon of 
Cornwall. 

Not long after this the Rev. Dr. F. G. Lee, of Lambeth, produced 
what he was pleased to call the L/;u-c7/ descent of the late General Robert 
E. Lee of Virginia. Here the early part of the pedigree of the Lees of 
Ditchley is taken, and thereon is grafted from the Coton pedigree the above 
mentioned husband of Elizabeth Langdon, as the seventh son of Sir Robert 
Lee of Hulcott and brother to Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley. This arrange- 
ment was published by Dr. Lee in a well-known genealogical magazine, 
and probably has been accepted b\- many readers as a statement of ascer- 
tained fact. 

The real fact>, however, have at last been n:iade known and the evi- 
dence published, first by Mr. J. H. Lea in the Xeiu England Genealogical 
and Historical Register, for January. 1S90, and secondly by the present 
representative of the Shropshire family in the same magazine in which Dr. 
Lee's arrangement appeared, viz. : the " Miscellanea Genealogica et Her- 
aldica," edited by Dr. J. J. Howard, in the numbers for July and August, 
1892. The evidence produced by Mr. Lea .that the seventh son of Sir 
Robert Lee died in youth is, as he justly says, convincing to any mind open 
to conviction, while that produced by the present representative is absolute 
proof that Colonel Richard Lee was either of the Shropshire family or an 
impostor. His descent from that family is attested by one who knew him 
intimately and :c'ho 'was an officer of the College of Arms. He claimed that 
descent himself and his descendants have done so for 200 years. He was a 
distinguished gentleman, a loyal Cavalier, and Secretary of State in Vir- 
ginia. In the face of these facts, until his immediate parentage is proved, 
it is of course open to any one to argue that he was a gross impostor, but it 
is not too much to a;sk that any one who holds that belief should at least 
give some reason for it. None has hitherto been suggested. That, being 
an impostor, he should al.-)0 be brother to Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley is, 
even if Mr. Lea had not produced his invaluable evidence, so monstrous a 
proposition that the mere statement of it is enough to refute it. The two 
families were alike in position and. rank, the Lichfield peerage not having 
yet been created. Ditchley. which happily still remains in the hands of Lady 
Charlotte Lee's lineal descendants, a home worthv of an ancient race, has 
been made famous by a great writer, in whose pages the name of the beautiful 
old place and t!iat of its knightir owner will live while the English language 
endures. Un the other iiaiul, thou-h neither Langlev. Lea Hall. Acton 



,1 :,.!.! V: 



LEES OF LANGLEV AND COTON. 



35 



Burnell, nor Coton, are celebrated places, still from the time of Reigner de 
Le, Sheriff in i2or, his descendants were represented by knights and gen- 
tlemen, serving their king as soldiers, or their country as Sheriffs and in 
Parliament, before families which now pride themselves on their antiquity 
had ever been heard of. It is incredible that a son of either house should 
try to hide his true origin, yet that is the assumption on which alone Dr. 
Lee's unsupported assertion must rest. 

At the same time it is well that any one interested in this matter should 
know the evidence that exists, and therefore, by the kind permission of Dr. 
Howard, a reprint of the article in his magazine is here given : 

In Volume I, Second Series, Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 
a pedigree was given assuming that Colonel Richard Lee, the ancestor of the 
Lees of Virginia, was seventh .son of Sir Robert Lee of Hulcott, instead of 
being descended from the Shropshire family of Langley and Coton Hall, as 
had been generally believed. - " 

I propose to shew — ; 

1. That this assumption is prima facie so improbable as to require the 
strongest confirmation. ^ K-<r-"K')f^ '—" > 

2. That no such confirmation exists. -^ * *-" ^ ^■~"^»^'^ 

3. That there is convincing evidence to the contrary. 

Firstly, as to the improbability of the assumption, it is only necessary 
to point out that Sir Robert Lee of Hulcott married Lucy Pigott in 1561, 
and that she was the nuthcr of all his cJiiLlren, whereas the Land Patent 
Records of Virginia shew that Colonel Richard Lee settled in America 
about 1641-2, and his will proves that his eldest son was under iS in 1663. 
The will was made when the testator was startii;g for Virginia with a young 
family 102 years after the marriage of Lucy Pigott. Sir Robert Lee's third 
son, Benedict, was baptized in 1576, and would therefore have been 87 
in 1663. There were only three sons and a d.uighter between him and 
Richard. 

Secondly, as to the evidence necessary to outweigh the improbability 
shown above. Sir Roiiert Lee's nuncupative will describes him as of Strat- 
ford Langton, and shows that he died there, but desired to be buried at 
Flardwicke. His eldest son was Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley. Colonel 
Richard Lee describes him.^elf in his will as " lately of Strafford Langton," 
and one of the family in America called his house Ditchley. That is all. 
.■\s to any evidence such as one would exjiect in the way of wills or other 
documents, correspondence, or armorial bearimj;>, there is absolutely nothing 
to confirm the oric:inal assumption. 



36 ■ THE I.EES OK ENf.LANI). 

Let US take the Stratford clue first. Colonel Richard certainly had a 
considerable estate in that neighbourhood. He mentions it in his will, and 
his great-grandson William (son of Thomas Lee of Strattbrd House) thus 
refers to it: "By his will he ordered an estate in England (I think) near 
Stratford by Bow in Middlesex, at that time worth ^Soo or ^900 per 
annum, to be sold." Now if this estate had been left by Sir Robert Lee 
to his seventii son, such bequest must have appeared in his will, but there is 
nothing of the kind, or anything to show that he possessed land at Strat- 
ford. He seems to have resided there for some time, but was buried in 
Buckinghamshire, and the fact of Colonel Richard having possessed so con- 
siderable an estate rather tells against his having been one of the younger 
children of so large a family. 

Search, however, has been made to ascertain whether there \\ere other 
Lees in the neighbourhood of Stratford from whom Richard Lee might be 
descended. The records at Somerset House reveal the following : — 

Richard Lee of Stratford T.angton occurs 157S in the will of Thomas 
Hitchcock. 

Brian Lee of Stepney (the adjacent parish). Daughter married John 
Lott, : 590. 

Gilbert Lee of Stepney. Died 1611. 

Fulke Lee of Stepney. Died 161 4. 

Francis Lee of St. Peter's, Cornhill. Left "houses, lands, and tene- 
ments at Stratford Langthorne," 1618. 

Sir John Lee of Stepney. ^Larried Joan Lott, 1633. 

Sir Robert Lee of Stepney. GranddaughteY married William Cullum, 

»635- 

Humphrey Lee of Stratford Langthorne. Died 1645. 

Sarah Lee of Stepney, widow. Died 1656. 

It is remarkable that three of the names given above — viz., Gilbert, 
Fulke, and Humphrey — were in use in the Shropshire family at and before 
the period in ijuestion. See pedigree at the College of Arms. ' It is known 
also that Gilbert Lee of the Coton Branch settled in Essex. (Will proved 
1621, Dale, 84.) 

These records show that there were plenty of Lees in the neighborhood 
of Stratford, and the fact of the emigrant describing himself in 1663 as 
" lately of Strafford I^angton " is therefore no reason for connecting him 
particularly with Sir Robert Lee who died there in 1616. Such a reason, 
however, is supplied by the rea])pearance in .-Vmerica of the name Ditchley, 
and if nothing uwre were known of the origin of the Virginian Lees the 
fact i)f one of thern calling his house by that name would raise a strong 



JB J IV.. Ill 






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'j .^ 'bfj^:-! I •,.'■)?' .) -jfiJ 1 



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I.EF.S OF I.ANin.EV AND COTON. 



37 



prestiinjjtion that they were connected with tlie 13uckingham.-5hire faniilv 
and even if the connection were a distant one we should probably be able 
to find some other evidence ot^ it. But if Colonel Richard was own brother 
to Sir Henry Lee of Ditcbley, tuo things at least may be taken for granted. 
One is tliat he and his descendants would have continued to bear the 
Quarrendon arms ; the other that any son or grandson of his comiu"- to 
England would have looked to his uncle or cousin at Ditchley as the repre- 
sentative of his family. We shall presently see how far they did this. 
Meanwhile we have the fact that one of the American branch undoubtedlv 
called his house Ditchley, though it seems doubtful which it was who did so. 
Mr. Alexander Brown of Norwood, Nelson Co., Va., F.R.H.S., who has 
taken much trouble with regard to the origin of the Virginian Lees, writes 
to me: "Philip Lee, grandson of Colonel Richard the emigrant, called 
one of his plantations • Lee Langley.' (^iher seats of the Lees were 
'Ditchley,' 'Stratford House,' -C^obbs,' 'Paradise,' etc., etc., some of them 
evidently named for seats of the Lees in England." Now Langley was 
one of the best known seats of the Shropshire tamily, and if this informa- 
tion was correct, the argument based on the reappearance of Ditchlev fell 
to the ground, the inferences to be drawn from names of places being 
evenly balanced. Compared with such evidence as will presently be 
mentioned, they are of little value. In answer to further inquiries, Mr. 
Brown repeated his statement as to Philip calling his estate Lee Langley, 
and gave as his opinion that Ditchley was built by Hancock, youngest son 
of Colonel Richard, about 1687. And in a subsequent letter he enclosed 
the following, written to himself: 

"915 N. Charles Street, Baltimore. 

" Dear Sir: — Pardon my delay in replying to your letter in regard to 
Lee Langley and Lee Hall. I have just been informed by Mr. Joseph 
Packard of Baltimore, a native of Fairfax Co., Va.., that the two Lee seats 
are now known as 'Lee Hall' and 'Langley' in Fairfax, and that 'Lee 
Coton ' or ' Coton ' is another Lee mansion in Loudoun Co., ^'a., but that 
as to their present condition he can give little information, and he refers 
you to Mr. Cassius F, Lee of Alexandria. 

., ,. . "I am very truly, etc., 

"Wilson Miles Carv." 

From the above it seems certain that different members of the family 
in America called their places " Ditchley," " Langley," and " Coton," and 
it appears from Colonel Richard's will, for a copy of which I have to thank 
Ceneral Fitzhugh Lee, that none of these names were given in the testator's 






■■, ) 



V;ij..!;i-i ' 



•ir:;vi;. 



I I 



!0 



38 



THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 



lifetiivie. As to any inference which can be drawn from them, the pre- 
suinj.ti(jn on either side is counterbalanced by that on the other, and 
nothin"^ is left to outweigh the manifest improbability arising from the date 
of Lucy Pigott's marriage. 

Thirdly, as to the evidence against the Ditchley theory. 

In the Xew England Historical and Genealogical Regisfcr for Januar}-, 
1890, there is an article -written by Mr. J. H. Lea to which I would refer 
anv one interested in this (question. Therein are cited the Inquisition Post 
Mortem of Sir Henry Lee, K. G., and the wills of the father, mother, three 
brothers, two nephews, and the great-nephew of the supposed Colonel 
Richard, not one of whom, though several had to provide for the succession 
to and entail of a large estate, ever mentions Richard's name ! The con- 
clusion drawn is, of course, that the seventh son of Sir Robert Lee died in 
youth. Put further, Mr. Lea has taken a photograph of the monument at 
Hardwickc, shov.-ing Sir Robert with his wife and family of eight sons and 
six daughters. He says : ''Of the sons, five are bearded men, and three 
are smaller and beardless figures, the first five representing Henry, Edward, 
Thomas, George, and Robert, who we know attained their majority; while 
the latter depict Benedict, Antony, and Richard, who, unnamed in all the 
wills, are thus still further proved to have died in infancy or early 
youth." N. B. — We know that Benedict, one of the three, would have 
been /(v/v at his father's death, having been baptized in 1576. Mr. Lea 
justly says that his proofs "speak for themselves, and must be convincing 
to anv mind open to conviction." But other evidence against the Ditchley 
theory exists. There are in my possession and that of my cousin. Miss 
Wingfield, of Market Overton, Rutland, original letters and papers which, 
together with other matters to be mentioned presently, prove beyond doubt 
tliat Coh'ncl Richard Lee himself claimed descent from the Shropshire 
family, and that successive generations of his descendants did the same, 
certair.ly till the year 1827, and I believe up to 1S68. The papers I refer 
to are, i, a letter written in 1771 by William, son of Thomas Lee of Strat- 
ioxd House, and great-grandson of Colonel Richard, to the Rev. Harry 
I-ee, Warden of Winchester College, and son of Eldred Lancelot Lee of 
Coton Hall; in the possession of Miss Wingfield. 2, a letter from the 
same to tlie same, also written in 1771; in the possession of the present 
writer. 3, an account of the Virginian branch, written by the same 
Williaui Lee. and also in the possession of the present writer. 4, a number 
of letiers from Archibald, fourth son. I believe, of Thomas Sim Lee of 
Maryland, to Harry Lancelot Lee of Coton Hall and his daughter, all in 
the ix)ssession of Miss Wingfield, the last being dated 1S27. 



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I.EES OF I.AXGIEY AND rOTOX. ,q 

The first letter to the Warden of Winchester begins : "Sir, It gave 

me much pleasure to find from a conversation with Mr. Batson, my banker 
that we were of the same family. He tells me that you are the second son 
of the late Eldred Lancelot Lee of Coton. ... I know your father corre- 
sponded with mine, who was one of the King's Privy Council in Viro-inia 
.... and I remember when a little boy in ^"irginia to have seen and 
read a very sensible letter and well written from your father to mine "living 
an accurate genealogical account of our family from so old a date as the 
Saxon Government " He also speaks of "Richard Lee my great- 
grandfather who went there (to ^'irginia) one hundred and thirty years ago 
to this very day;" and asks whether the Earl of Litchfield is of the same 
family, as he has the same name. The letter ends, 
" I am with Respect, Reverend Sir, 

"Your most obedient servant and Kinsman, 

"William Lee." 

This letter is particularly interesting, as it proves a correspondence on 
family matters between tlie Coton family and Colonel Richard's graiidson. 
Thomas Lee of Stratford House. How such a correspondence came about 
if Thomas Lee's grandfather was brother to Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley is 
for any one who holds that theory to explain. 

The second letter encloses the account of the Virginian branch, and 
refers to a cup at Queen's College, Oxford, given by John Lee, the eldest 
son of Colonel Richard. It proceeds: "From further conversation with 
Mr. Batson I am inclined to think it must be your brother that corresponded 
with my father Thomxs Lee of Stratford in Virginia, since the letter I men- 
tioned was wrote about the time of the famous contest in Bridgnorth for a 
member of Parliament in the latter days of Sir Robert Walpole." It is 
signed, 

"Your most olicdient humble servant and Relation, 

" William Lee." 

The account of the Virginian branch begins. " Richard Lee of a good 
family in Shropshire, and whose picture I am told is now at Coton near 
Bridgnorth, the seat of Lancelot Lee, Esq.," and deals chietly with the 
second son, Richard, and his descendants. In speaking of this Richard 
(his own grandfather) the writer sa\s : "He spent almost his v>hole life in 
study, and usually wrote his notes in Greek, Hebrew, or Latin . ... so 
that he lu-itht-r improved nor diminished his Paternal estate. ^^ That estate 
appears from his father's will to have been the plantation Paradise. It has 



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''1 . ■•;,£?<:' i<.' .»;IJ i.-:. 



40 



THE LEES OF ENGLAND. 



been thfnight that this Ricliard was the builder of Ditchley, but it seems 
improbable from his grandson's description of him. In any case he could 
have only taken the name as he might have done any other, or because he 
believed in some connection between the Shropshire and Oxfordshire Lees, 
for on hi^ tomb may be seen to this day an inscription declaring his Shrop- 
shire o:i"in : *■' Hie conditiir corpus Ricardi Lee armigeri nati in Virginia 
fill Ricardi Lee, generosi, et antiqua familia in Merton Regis in coraitatu 
Salopicnsi oriundi." 

John Lee, the eldest son, was at Queen's College, Oxford, and the cup 
referred to in ^^'illiam Lee's letter is still there. It bears the arms of Lee 
of LpnL;ley and Coton — viz., a fess chequy between eight billecs — and the 
following inscription : " Coll. Regl Oxon. D. D. Johan'is Lee Natus in 
Capohowasick Wickaconioco in Virginia America Filius Primogenitus Rich- 
ard! Lee (.Jhiliarclix (Jriundi de Morton Regis in Agro Salopiensi, 1658." 
That i!ic donor of a cup with the above arms and inscription was nephew to 
Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley, living within a ride of that very house, is 
incrcdil'le. 

Xow let us see what view Colonel Richard himself took of his origin. 
In a book by John Gibl.ion, Blue Mantle, dated 16S2, and entitled Intro- 
dictio aJ Lai: nam Blasonlain, the following passage occurs at page 156: 
" A great part of Anno 1659 till February the year following I lived in Vir- 
ginia, being most hospitably entertained by the Honourable Colonel Richard 
Lee, ^ome time Secretary of State there; and who after the King's martyr- 
dom hired a Dutch, vessel, freighted her b.imself, went to Rrubsels, surrendered 
up Sii William liarcklaie's old commission (for the Government of that 
Provinct-) and received a ncvv one from his present Majesty (a loyal action 
and deserving my commemoration). Neither will I omit his arms, being 
Gub a IVs chequy or, i;l. between eight Billets arg., being descended from 
tlie Lees of Shro[)shire who sometimes bore eight billets, sometimes ten, and 
sonvctimos the Fesse counlercompone (as I have seen by our Office records)." 
It is difncult to conceive any reason why Gibbon, an official of the Heralds' 
College, should have made the above statement as to the arms borne by 
Colonel Richard Lee unless it were true, and the cup at Queen's makes 
assurance doubly sure. l?ut there is yet another witness. In the E. D. N. 
.\lj)l\.ii)i.-t at the Heralds' College, a collection of arms made about temp. 
Chas. II., there ii the following entry: " Salop — Lee — G. a fess chequy Or 
and A/. I)ei'.v. S billets .-Vrg. Colonel Ric' Lee Secretary of State in Vir- 
ginia .Xnno 1659. Descended fron^ the Leos in Shropshire (who sometimes 
bore 8 bdlets, sometimes •10, and sometimes the fess countercompone)." 
The K. D. N. .\lphabet is of no authority as to a ri^ht to bear arms, but is 



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r.EES OF LANCLEY ASl) COTON. 4I 

valuable as being probably the only work in existence which gives an account 
of the arms which were then or had been formerly made use of. The entry 
establishes the fact that Colonel Richard Lee useJ the arms of the Lees of 
Shropshire, but does not settle the question whether his claim to belong to 
that family had any foundation. 

We have now, therefore, the following facts on which to base our judg- 
ment as to whether Richard Lee was brother to Sir Henry Lee, of Ditch- 
ley: 

1. He claimed to belong to the Lees of Shropshire, as proved by his 
bearing the arms of that family. 

2. His eldest son did the same, and recorded it at his colle^'e. Date 
on cup, 165S. 

3. His second son's representatives did the same, as proved by the 

inscription on the tombstone (date of death, 1714); and one Grandson 

Thomas — corresponded with the head of the family at Coton about 1740. 

4. His great-grandson, William, did the same, 1771 ; and another 
great-grandson, Richard Henry, is mentioned in Campbell's History of 
Virginia as bearing the motto of the Shropshire family. 

5. After the death of William Lee in 1795, Archibald Lee kept up 
the relationship, staying at Coton and corresponding with the family till 
1824; and, finally, within the last few years I have had the pleasure of 
meeting one of General Lee's children, who told me that until quite lately 
no doubt as to their Shropshire origin had ever existed among the members 
of the Virginia branch. 

A letter now lies before me from a gentleman who was in America in 
1S67, and had some correspondence with General Lee as to his ancestry. 
He writes : 

" I am afraid I have sent you all I have on the subject of General Lee. 

I kncnv tJiat he said lie -i<as descended fro7n the Shropshire Lees." 

" Yours sincerely, 

"H. Lee Warner." 
The italics are mine. 

In his paper already referred to, Mr. J. H. Lea has shown good reasons 
for holding that the seventh son of Sir Robert Lee of Hulcott died in his 
youth, reasons which become the more convincing the more closely the 
evidence is examined. If, however, he survived, cut out of the succession, 
ignored by all his relations, not even mentioned in the will of father or 
mother, considered as one dead, and even represented as such on his 



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42 THE LEES OK ENGLAND. 

father's inoiuinient. then I have shown — ist, the extreme improbability of 
his being the man who was going to Virginia with a young family in 1663 ; 
and 2d, that Colonel Richard Lee undoubtedly claimed descent from the 
Lees of Shropshire, and that successive generations of his descendants have 
done the same for two hundred years. His immediate parentage has not 
yet been proved'. There are. however, besides collateral branches, nine 
persons named in the Shropshire pedigree anyone of whom might in point 
of time have been his father. The nine are Walter, Francis, and Edward, 
brothers of Sir Humphrey, the first Plaronet ; and Edward, Gilbert, Jasper, 
Richard, Ferdinand, and Josiah, brothers of Thomas Lee of Coton. This 
Thomas had a son, John, and the will of Gilbert Lee, before referred to, 
mentions brothers Richard and Josiah and nephew John. The inference 
that the testator was the brother of Thomas Lee of Coton is almost irre- 
sistible, though the fact is not al.)solutely proved. 

The following memorandum has been sent to me showing a natural 
connection between the founders of Virginia and the Shropshire Lees: 
"Sir Edmund Plowden, Knt., son of Francis Plowden of Plowden, Salop, 
had interests in America about 1632-42. John Eldred (155 2-1 632) of 
Great Saxham, was one of the leading founders of Virginia. Member of 
His Majesty's Council for the Virginia Company of London 1609-24." 
Now Maria Lee, aunt of Sir Humphrey, married Eduard Plowden of Plow- 
den, and Thomas Lee of Coton married Dorothy, John Eldred's grand- 
daughter in 1649. 

I believe that if the seventh son of Sir Robert Lee had been living 
when the Inquisitions Post Mortem of his cousin and eldest brother were 
taken, his name mu.^t have appeared with those of the other remainder- 
men, but in any case it is proved by the evidence of the Heralds' College 
and at Oxford, with the account given by Gibbon, that Colonel Richard 
Lee was either of the Shropshire family or an impostor. If an impostor, 
how could he be of Ditchley ? At the period in question, the two families 
were alike in position and rank. Each had received a baronetcy from 
James I., and each was of great antiquity, claiming descent from knights 
and gentlemen of high position before the ancestors of half the present 
peerage had emerged from obscurity. Why should a member of either 
family try to pass himself off as belonging to the other? Yet this is the 
only hypothesis on which the Ditchley theory can any longer be upheld, 
and it is well to state it plainly for acce{)tance or rejection. 

In conclusion, I have to thank the present owner of Ditchley for allow- 
ing me to quote the following sentence from a letter written to me in 
November, 1890, after considering the evidence given above: — 



BURNKL OF ACTON Bl'RN'ELL AND LANOI.EV 



43 



'* I must adip.it that I think you have piuved )our case, and there is 
nothing more to be done except to place the whole series of proofs on 
record in a com[)act form. Yours very truly, 

Harold Dillon." 

Whether Colonel Richard I.ee's immediate parentage can be deter- 
mined it is as yet impossible to say. At any rate, the inquiry is being 
pursued, and the method now adopted is that of fust searching out facts, 
and thence drawing conclusions. It is laborious, but in some respects seems 
preferable to the converse system, ^^ hich has had a thorough trial. 

Note. — The Richard Lee who married Elizabeth Langdon was die third son of Lancelot 
Lee of Coton. See the registered pedigree at the Heralds' College, certified in 1623 by 
Sir Humphrey Leo of Langley; in 1663 by Thomas Lee of Coton, brother to the above 
Richard; and in 1S91 by the present writer. In the pedigree leferred to at the beginning 
of this paper the account of the Virgini;in branch is full of errors ; while not only is Col. 
Richard Lee's origin assumed without a shadow of proof, but his wife, the mother of all 
his children, is stated to have been the above mentioned Elizabeth Langdon. As a matter 
of fact his wife's nnme was Anna. Her surname is at present unknown. 

BURXEL OF ACTON BURXELL AND LANGLEY. 

In view of the intermarriage of the Lees with the Corbet and Burnel 
tamilies, the following is of great interest: The Doi/wsJay Book, or simply 
Domesday, is an ancient record, containing the survey of all the lands of Eng- 
land made in the time of William the Conqueror. It has been considered 
the final authority, from which no a[)peal could be taken. 

" ' The same Roger.' says Douirsday, * holds Actune, and one Roger 
[holds it] of him. Goldric held it [in Sa.von times], and was a free man. 
Here iii and a half hides geldable. In demesne is one ox-team ; ii serfs, 
one villain, iiii boors, and i radman, with a team and a half. In time of 
King Edward [the manor] was worth 30s. [annually] ; afterwards 15s. Now 
[it is worth] 20s. One more team might be employed here.' {^Domesday, 
to. 255, b. i.) 

"The Conqueror took the Sa.xon Goldric's manor from him, and gave 
it to the Norman Earl of Shrewsbury, who in turn conferred it on Roger 
Fitz Corbet ; accordingly, the seigneury over Actune remained with Fitz- 
Corbet's descendants, the barons of Caus. 

" It is supposed that Roger, the Domesday tenant of Actune, was the 
ancestor of those Burnels, from whom afterwards the manor took its dis- 
tinctive title of Acton Burnell. The first Burnel we hear of is \\'illiam 
Burnel, who, previously to 11 76, attested one of the Prior of Wenlock's 



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44 THE LFF.S OF ENCI-AXP. 

Charters. The family then a[)pears as consisting of two distinct branches, 
both of whom claimed to have an interest in Acton Ijurnel. Thomas Bur- 
nel was the representative of the supposed elder branch : the Burnels of 
Acton Burnel and of Langley. Gerin, or Warin, was the representative of 
the younger branch. It is with the latter that we have more particularly 
to do. 

" To Gerin Burnel succeeded Hugh, his son ; after whom came Gerin 
Burnel II., who, with. \\'ill!am Corbet and others, at the instigation of Thomas 
Corbet, robbed a monk of Buildwas. A list of Thomas Corbet's barony 
gives William and this Geryn Burnel as holding one knight's fee in Acton 
in 1240. William Burnel, here alluded to, slew two men, for which sen- 
tence of outlawry was pronounced against him, afier which the King must 
have had his share of .Vcton Burnel for a year and a day, when, in the 
ordinary course, it would revert to the suzerain, Thomas Corbet of Cans. 

"To Gerin succeeded Roger Burnel, after whom came Robert Burnel, 
who, purchasing the fee simple of the whole manor, eventually became 
sole lord of Acton Barnell. This extraordinary man enjoyed, in a remark- 
able degree, the favour and confidence of Edward I., and was his chief 
adviser in all his measures. Early betaking himself to civil and ecclesias- 
tical employments, then generally combined, Burnel soon distinguished him- 
self. While yet a young man, he was introduced to Prince Edward, who, 
pleased at his address, learning, and ability, matle him his chaplain and 
private secretary. There is proof, that during the baron's wars, Robert 
Burnel was employed by the [)rince. It is uncertain whether or not he 
actually attended Edward to the Holy Land; but, on June 18, 1272, Prince 
Edward, then at Acre, in Palestine, made a will, in which he appointed 
Robert Burnel one of his executors. On .September 21, 1274, King Ed- 
ward, now on his father's throne, bestowed the (Jreat Seal on Robert Bur- 
nel himself. When appointed to the office of Chancellor of England, 
Burnel had reached no higher ecclesiastical dignity than that of Archdea- 
con of York. }-'our months afterwards, however, he was raised to the See 
of Bath and Wells. He presided at the Parliament which met in May, 
1275, and passed 'the Statute of Westminster the First,' the code rather 
than Act of Parliament, which has obtained for Edward I. the title of ' the 
English Justinian.' ' The chief merit of it.' says Lord Campbell, ' may be 
safely ascribed to Lord-Chancellor B',;rnel, who brought it forward in Par- 
liament.' 

"The advice which Burnel tendered his sovereign intimately connects 
him with the con^iuest of Wak-s. After the defeat of Llewellyn, the Chan- 
cellor was employed to device measures for the iKicification and future "-ov- 



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BURXEL OF ACTON lU'RNELL AND LANCI.EY. 45 

ernment of the conquered principality. He held courts of justice at 
Bristol, for the southern couniies, and, giving general directions for the 
introduction of English institutions among the Welsh, he prepared a code 
under which Wales was governed till the reign of Henry VIII. In 1283, 
to gratify his faithful minister, King Edward summoned a Parliament, to 
meet at Acton Burnel. in the mansion of his favourite. Speaking of the 
gable ends shown at Acton Burnell, as those of the barn in which, accord- 
ing to tradition, the Commons met, whilst the Lords sat in Burnel's man- 
sion, the learned historians of Shrewsbury contend that these did not belong 
to a barn. They add : ' We have little doubt that they belonged to a great 
hall erected by the munificent prelate for the entertainment of his sovereign ; 
and it is in the highest degree probable that the three estates of the realm, 
the Lords, spiritual and temporal, and the Commons, sat within its walls.' 

*' Here was passed the admirable statute, ' De Mercatoribus,' otherwise 
known as the 'Statute of Acton Burnel,' for the recovery of debts; 'Show- 
ing,' says Lord Campbell, 'that this subject was as well understood in the 
time of Chancellor Burnel as in the time of Chancellor Eldon or Chancellor 
Lyndhurst.' 

"A patent of January 28, i:;84, allows that, ' Robert, Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, our chancellor, may, he or his heirs, strengthen with a wall of 
stone and lime, and also embattle their mansion of Acton Burnell.' 

" While Burnel continued in office, the improvement of the law rapidly 
advanced. Various acts were passed, some of which have since become 
celebrated ; for instance, ' the Statute of Mortmain,' and the ' Ordinatio pro 
Statu Hibernire ' (17 Ed. I.), for efTectually introducing the English law 
into Ireland, and for the protection of the natives from the rapacity and 
oppression of the King's officers; 'a statute framed in the spirit of justice 
and wisdom,' says Cam])bell, 'which, if steadily enforced, would have saved 
Ireland from much suffering and England from much disgrace.' 

"Nor was King Edward's favorite a statute-framer only. As head of 
the law, Burnel exercised a vigilant superintendence over the administration 
of justice, and in the Parliament held at Westminster in 1290, the chancellor 
brought forward very serious charges against the judges, for taking bribes 
and altering the records, when, with two honorable exceptions, they were 
all convicted. 

" Lord Chancellor Burnel conducted Edward I.'s claim to the superi- 
ority over Scotland, and pronounced the sentence by which the crown of 
that country was disposed of to be held under an English liege lord. He 
accompanied the martial monarch of England and his powerful army to 
Norham, and there addressed the Xorman derived nobility of Scotland in 



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46 THE LF.ES OF ENGLAND. 

the French language. The prelates, barons, and knights of Scotland having 
mustered on the green sward to the left of the Tweed, opposite Norharn 
castle, in pursuance of the leave given them to deliberate in their own 
country, Burncl went to tb.eni in his master's name, and asked them 
* whether they would say anything that could or ouglu to exclude the King 
of England from the right and exercise of the superiority and direct do- 
minion over the Kingdom of Scotland, which belonged to him,' etc., to 
which the indignant but helpless Scots made no particular objection. l'i)on 
this, the chancellor recapitulated all that had been said at the last meeting 
relative to Edward's claim ; and, a public notary being present, the right 
of deciding the controversy between the several competitors for the crown 
of Scotland was entered in form for the King of England. Then Burnel, 
beginning with Robert Bruce, lord of Annandale, asked him in the presence 
of all the bishops, earls, barons, etc., 'whether, in demanding his right, he 
would answer and receive justice from the King of England as superior and 
direct lord over the kingdom of Scotland?' Bruce answered, that 'he did 
acknowledge the King of England superior and direct lord of the kingdom 
of Scotland,' and that he would betbre him, as such, demand, answer, and 
receive justice. The same ([uestion being put to all the other competitors, 
each and all of them obsequiously replied as Bruce had done. 

" Not satisfied, however, with having obtained their verbal assent to 
Edward's ambitious })ro{)Osal, the crafty English Chancellor required the 
competitors to sign and seal a solemn instrument to the same effect, which 
they accordingly did, ' (juickened by hints thrown out that the candidate who 
was the most complying v.ould have the best chance of success.' One hun- 
dred and four Scottish and English commissioners were now appointed to 
take evidence and hear the arguments of all who were interested. They 
met at Berwick-upoii -Tweed, and Burnel presided over them. King Ed- 
ward, having l)een ol)liged to return south to attend the funeral of his 
mother, left Burnel behind to v/atch over the grand controversy. It was 
Robert Burnel who gave judgment in favour of Baliol. 

"Lord Chancellor P^urnel never returned southward, as he died on 
October 25, 1292. Summing up the character of this remarkable man, 
Lord Campbell says of him, • As a statesman and a legislator he is worthy 
of the highest commendation. He ably seconded the ambitious project of 
reducing the whole oi the British Isles to subjection under the crown of 
England. With resjject to \\'ales. he succeeded, and Scotland retained her 
independence only by the unrivalled gallantry of her poor and scattered 
population. His measures, for the im[iro\ement of Ireland were frustrated 
by the incurable priJe and prejudices of his countrvmen. But England 



i( ■ ' I ' 



. i. .( 



. ^ ' ' 



1. I '>ftj: 



MORETON-CuRBET. 



47 



continued to enjoy the highest prosperity under the wise laws which he 
introduced.' 

"The inquisition taken after the decease of Robert Burnel shews that 
the deceased prelate had accumulated a vast possession in Shropshire ; nor 
had the minutest gains of territory in this, his native, county been beneath 
his notice. His tenure of Acton Ikirnell, under Sir Peter Corbet, was by 
service of half a knight's fee. Philip Burnel, the Bishop's nephew, was his 
heir, who, a spendthrift, among other manors, gave that of Acton Burnell 
to certain merchants of Lucca in liquidation of his enormous debts." 
(John Corbet Anderson's Shropshire : Its Early History and Antiquities, p. 
447, et seq.^ 

According to the " feodary " 12S4, the bishop of Bath and Wells held 
"Langedon," of the king, in capite, for half a knight's fee, doing service 
of two foot soldiers in time of war for 40 days at his own cost. 

MORETON-CORBET. 

*' ' The sameTurold,' says Domesday, ' holds Mortune, and Hunnit, with 
his brother [hold the manor] of him. The same [Hunnit and his brother, in 
Saxon time] held it, and were freemen. Here i hide geldable. The [arable] 
land is for ii ox teams. Here are [ii teams], with v serfs and one boor. 
[Eormerly] it was worth los. Now, i6s.' 

"Amid the social revolution attendant on the Normaii Conquest of 
England, the Saxon Hunnit and his brother lost their estates, sonie of which 
were given to their more fortunate countryman, Toret. ' Whatever,' says 
an authority [Eyton], ' \\ere the misfortunes of Hunnit and his brother 
Uluiet, it is certain that the descendants of their contemporary and compa- 
triot, Toret, succeeded to some of tlieir estates, and this also is certain that 
a lineal descendant of the said Toret is at this day lord of Moreton-Corbet. 
These are terms in which very tew Shropshire estates can be spoken of.' 
The lineal descendant alluded to is the present Sir \'incent R. Corbet, 
Bart. 

" There is a tradition that, once upon a time, the heir of Moreton- 
Corbet went to the Holy Land, and was detained in captivity so long, that 
he was supposed to be dead, and his younger brother engaged to marry that 
he might continue the line. CJn the morning of the marriage, however, a 
pilgrim came to the iiouse to partake of tlie hospitalities of that festal occa- 
sion, and, after the dinner, he revealed himself to the assembled company 
as the long-lost l)rother. , The bridegroom would liave surrendered the 
estate, but he declined the offer, desiring only a small portion of the land, 



r ■> ■; ;>( 1 



4^ ' THE LEE> OF ENCLAND. 

which accordingly he received. This pilgrim was the ancestor of the Cor- 
bels of Morcton, whose primogeniture is established by their armorial bear- 
ings, the single raven. The real progenitor of all the Shropshire Corbets 
was Roger Fitz-Corbet, the Domesday baron, mentioned under Caus." 
(/^'/V., 431-32.) 

Robert Fitz-Corbet, brother of this Roger held, says the Domesday, 
Languedune (Langley). His daughter, Alice, married Robert Boterell, of 
Cornwall, and through this marriage Langley came into possession of that 
family. " Sir William de Boterell, IV., alienated Langden to Robert Burnel, 
bishop of Bath and Wells, in exchange for lands in Somersetshire." Roger 
Lee, of Coton, married Joanna, heiress of Edward Burnell, of Acton Burnell 
and Langley. This Edward Burnell was (according to genealogy given in 
the Visitation of Shropshire, in 1623), the son of Sir Nicholas Burnell. 

Roger and Robert Fitz-Corbet were sons of a Xorman Corbet who 
came to Shropshire from ilie Pays de Caux, in Normandy. The Corbets 
were a very ancient and honorable family. They have settled in Spain, 
Flanders, and Scotland, as well as in England. The arms of the Shropshire 
family bore twenty-two quartet ings. 



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COL. RICHAHD LEE. 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



Colonel Richard Lee. 

I. ''Richard Lee, of a good family iii Shropshire (and whose Pictme 
I am told is now at Cotton, near Bridgenorth, the seat of Launcolot Lee, 
Esqr.), some time in the Reign of Charles the first, went over to the Colony 
of Virginia, as Secretary, and one of the King's Privy Council. . . . 
He was a man of good Stature, comely visage, an enterprising genius, a 
sound head, vigorous sp'irit and generous nature. When he got to Virginia, 
which was at that time not much cultivated, he was so pleased with the 
Country that he made large settlements there with the servants he had 
carried over ; after some years, he returned to England, and gave away all 
the lands he had taken up, and settled at his own expense, to those servants 
he had fixed on them ; some of whose descendants are now possessed of 
very considerable Estates in that Colony. After staying some Time in 
England, he returned again to Virginia, with a fresh Ixuid of Adventurers, 
all of whom he settled there." 

These few lines, written by William Lee in 1771, give the earliest in- 
formation (now to be found) of Richard Lee, the progenitor of the Lee 
family v.hose history this volume records. From his statement, it is learned 
that Richard Lee was dc.-cended from the Coton branch of the Lees of 
Shropshire. In the concise sketch of this Shropshire family already given, 
it has been shown that Langley and Coton are the two brandies into which 
the parent stock divided near the end of the 14th century, when two 
members of the family, each named Roger, married two heiresses ; one, 
Margaret, sister and heir of Thomas Astley, of Nordley, from .whom are 
descended the Lees of x\ordley-Regis and Coton ; the other, Joanna, 
daugluer and co-heir of Edward Burnell ot Langley and Acton Burnell, 
from whom the Lees of Langley, Lea Hall, and Acton Burnell are de- 
scended. 

.As the early Color.ial records of Virginia are scant}- and incomplete, 
it is now almost impos^ible to substantiate all tlie statements of early writers. 
But sufficient data can be t'ound to corroborate many points; much of 
William Lee's account of his ancestor can be rearjlly verified. On the 
oth.er hand, some of it cannot be proven : that Richard Lee came to 
4 49 



' L-- .i-r 'Uj 



5° 



LEE OF VIR(_;lNIA. 



Virj^ania as Secretary, and -.nember of the Council, or that he took up, at 
first, large tracts of land — cannot now be shown. But these items are of 
little importance ; as he did all these things some time during his life, the 
actual date of doing them is of no consequence. 

As to the portrait of Richard l.ee ever having i)een at Colon, there is 
now no record of any such portrait. Mr, William Blackstone Lee has 
lately inspected the {portraits that were formerly at Coton. '-'The two 
unknown Lee portraits," he writes, "are fine jnclures, said to be by Sir 
Peter Lely. Rut I do not think either of them could have been Colonel 
Richard. I cannot say positively that the elder of the two (tradiiion says 
they are father and son) could not to my mind by any possibility have been 
the Colonel, but I should be very much surprised to find that it was." 
Whether or no his portrait was ever at Coton, the inference is plain that 
William Lee intended his reader to understand that Richard Lee was de- 
scended from the Colon branch of the Shrojjshire family. This line of 
descent seems well established by the coat oi arms used by the earlier 
generations of the Vir-inia familv. Probablv the earliest exami)le is tlie 
wood carving, which, tradiiion claims, ornamented for generations tlie front 
door of the old " Cobbs Hall" mansion. When, or by whom, it was 
placed there is not known ; Ijut, so for as tradition runs, it liad been there 
for many generations. At the time the old mansion was torn down, or 
perhaps earlier, it \sas given by Mrs. Martha (Leej Harvey to her cousin, 
Dr. Charles Lee Hniun. On his death, in 1S55, it passed into the posses- 
sion of his broth.er, Judge Edwin Broun, the present owner. The print of 
it, given here, was made from a photogiai)h taken in May, 1S94. It will 
be observed that part of the ornamentation, on the right side, has been 
broken oif and lo.-t ; the sliield was once colored to properly rei.rcsent die 
tinctures of the arms. This carving represents an old form of the Lee 
arms; the same, in fact, as were registered at the Herald's office at London, 
as borne by "Colonel Richard Lee Secretary of Slate in Virginia Anno 
1659." The crescent (on the upper right-hand corner) has been very 
generally borne by the Coton family to indicate that they were the younger 
branch. Its use therefore on tliis carving would seem to indicate two 
things: first, that tiie owner was descended from the Lees of Coion ; and 
secondly, that this owner was Riciiard Lee, the innnigrant.' This latter 
inferei'ice is strengthened by the fact that neither of his eldest sons used the 
crescent. Another proof of this Coton descent is that the family in 



1 A strict inserprc!aiio:i of thi'> C'^Jt of arms, would signify th.it iti bearer was the eldest ton of the 
" lecond house," .in ! that h.\ t.uher was 'Ua<S. Says a writrr on hcruldry; "The first brother of the 

second houie bearct'i .< Crr-cent with a l.ii -l d.itn-i; iiis f.ithpr's life only." 



COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 



51 



V'irgiiiia, in the fourth L,eneration, used the arms of Coton, quartered with 
Astley, as shown on the frontispiece. 

An old tradition has stated that Richard Lee came to Virginia with a 
brother; that they settled in York County; that the brother became dis- 
satisfied and desired to return home; that both of them gave up the lands 
they had settled and returned to England. A part of this tradition seems 
to be confirmed by a court record, which slates that a patent was granted to 
Roh/Crt Lee for 540 acres in Gloucester County, " beginning at a red oak 
by ^Ir. Thornton's path and to a white oak by Colonel Lee's Horse Path 
. aad to a branch by the said Robert Lee's plantation; 200 acres thereof 
formerly granted to Colonel Richard Lee, on the 17th of May, 1655, and 
by him assigned to the said Robert Lee, on the 5th of February, 1657, and 
the remaining 340 acres for the transportation of seven persons, <Scc." In 
thu list of the vestrymen of old Petsworth Parish, Gloucester County, given 
by J^ishop Meade, the name of " Rob't Lee " stands second.^ 

^Vhether or no Richard Lee was accompanied to Virginia by any 
relations of his name is not known. There were many of the name in 
Virginia from its earliest settlement ; but what relationship, if any, existed 
betv-'cen them cannot now be demonstrated. In 1646, Richard Lee sat on 
the York bench, as a magistrate, with a Dr. Henry Lee, who married one 
Marah Adkins, and has left descendants. Richard patented i.^^So acres in 
York Courity, in 1648, and named, amongst his head rights, Henry, Mat- 
thew, and (xeorge Lee. v.ho may have l)een relatives. There was a Mr. 
Hugh Lee, Justice for Northumberland in 1655, who patented 100 acres 
there in 1650, and 2SS acres in 1654. 

That Richard Lee settled first in York County is proven by the grant 
of 1,000 acres, dated tlie loth of August, 1642 ; the i>atent states that this 
land v\as due " unto the said Richard Lee b}' and lor his own p'sonal Adven- 
ture, his wife Ann, and John Francis and by assignment from Mr. Thomas 
Hill, Florentine Paine and William Freeman of their right of^ land due for 
the transportation of Seaventeene p'sons." The term "head right" was 
derived from an ordinance of the •• Virginia Company" of London, by 
which every person who permanently settled in the Colony was allowed 
50 acres ; the wife and each child were entitled to this allowance. This 
patent, therefore, proves that Richard Lee was married in 1642; but had 
no children, or thev would have been named amongst his head rights. It 



I " Ihe Relict of Robert Lee" married Edward Porteus, the grandfather of Bishop Porteus, who was 
also a vestryman of old Petsworth parish. Hi-> rcsidciicc still rem.ains facing the York River, a h'ttlo east 
of Poropotank Creek. It may have been built on this 540 acres. Edward Porteus' only son, Robert, 
married a daughter of Gov. Edmjud Jeni.-igs. (W. & M. Ouarttrly, III, 38.) 



A SECTION OF JEFFERSON'S .MAP OF 1787. ENLARGED. 







7 /^. ^, 














iooptri ^ \^ Jii" 



foJ/T 













1^ f^ Court. Hnuit ' iliniNCEt. /4e ^> s' fX .^\> //"^n^r-----.:^ 









A,.' '.V 



<.fS 



52 '• I,KE OF Vlk(;l\IA. 

also shows that this was his first home in Virginia, as it is stated that part of 
the land was due him " for his own p'sonal Adventure." This was the 
plantation he called "Paradise" in his will, and bequeathed to his second 
son, Richard. This name is frequently applied in subsequent records to 
this plantation; as on the 22nd of July, 1674, in a patent issued to "Major 
Richard l.ce for 1,140 acres in Gloster, called Paradise, on a branch of 
Poropotank Creek ; 1,000 thereof being due to the said Richard Lee by two 
former patents, and the residue now found to be within the bounds." 

Virginia was originally divided into eight counties; of these, York was 
one. Gloucester was taken from York in 1652; all the land patented by 
Richard Lee betv.een the years 1642-51, was situated in that part of York 
subsequently included in Gloucester. Richard Lee represented York as 
Burgess in 1647, and in 1651 " Mr. Lee" wa.-, paid for services as Burgess 
from Northumberland. As every Burgess was required to be a " freeholder 
in the place whe»-e he is elected from," it is probable that he had settled in 
Northumberland at that date. 

According to a law of a later date (1705), -'every Burgess coming by 
land, shall be j-aid by the county for which he serves, 130 pounds of tobacco 
and cask a day, besides the necessary charge of ferriage : And every Bur- 
gess that cannot come otherwise than by water, 120 pounds of tobacco and 
cask a day, over and above the following allowance for going and return- 
ing to and tYom the A.sscmbly, vl/. : . . . For Stafford, Nordnmiberland, 
Westmoreland, Northampton, and Accomack, four days for coming and four 
for returning." 

It seems possible that Richard Lee was engaged in commerce as well 
as agriculture, and that he had an interest in vessels trading between Eng- 
land and \'ir.L,inia, as had many of tke large planters. In his will, he 
bequeathed to his son, Francis, his interest in two ships, which was one- 
eighth part in each vessel. He appears to have made freiiuent voyages to 
and fro; being in England in 1654-55, again in 1659, and later in'i66i 
and 1663. 

The eariie.-t settlements in Virginia were made along the banks of the 
rivers and navigable creeks; the object being to secure safe anchorage for 
vessels. So, Richard Lee's first plantation was on the York River, near 
the head of Poroi>otank Creek, where he had a store or warehouse.' His 
next honje was located on the Dividing Creeks in Northumberland, '.vhich 
afforded a verv safe harbor. The mam creek i^ only a mile or two long ; 
then it divi.Ls into brancho, which make the several small peninsula? or 
" necks," a> they were- formerly called. On two of these " necks " Richard 
Lee located his tao plantation.. The harbor wa. so well chosen that it is 



I b.;j 



i Sk, : ,. .1 



COLONEL RICHARD LKE. 53 

used to-day as the landing jlace for steamers from Baltimore. Grants for 
these two tracts were made him in 1651 and '56, and were for Soo and 600 
acres respectively. 

It has been a tradition that Richard Lee was the first white man to 
settle in the Nortliern Neck, and that he purchased his lands of the Indians. 
As early as 1646, the Assembly levied a tax upon the " inhabitants of Chica- 
wane alias Northumberland, being members of this Colony," so it is not 
probable that the first part of this tradition is true. As to his buying lands 
of the. Indians, it is probable that he gave them presents to secure their 
friendship. Rut the following order of the General Court does show that 
he must have settled in Northumberland before that country had been 
opened for general settlement: 

Whereas, order for pattenting the land of the Wiccacomoco Indians' in Northumber- 
land County vpon die said Indians deserting the said lands was granted t<3 the honourable 
Samuel Matthewes, E5<i., Goveruoui, &c. tlie twenty-seaventh day of November, 1657, and 
confirmed by another order of the quarter court, dated the eleaventh of March, 165S, and 
that grounded vppon the desire of the said Indians to surrender the same lo his honour. The 
Assembly hath thought fitt to r.uifyo the said grants, and do hereby coti.firme the same 
Provided that no intrenchment be made vpon any preceding rights of Coll. Richard Lee. 
(I, Hening, 515.) 

The records of the general land office furnish a list, perhaps incom- 
plete, of the various tracts of land taken up by Richard Lee ; in some of 
them the official position held by him is stated. These patents, therefore, 
help to trace his movements after first settling in Virginia, and furnish, in a 
degree, a record of his official positions. They are also interesting as relics 
of the times, show the quaint methods then in vogue for describing boun- 
daries, give manv of the old forms of spelling, and other interesting data; 
therefore they are given in f'dl : 

Whereas &c. now Know yee that I the said S'' William Berkeley Kt. doe w"' the con- 
sent of the Councell of State doe accordingly give and grant unto Richard I.ee gent his 
heirs or assignes for ever one thousand acres of Land situate on the North side of Charles 
river Called by the name of the Indian Spri;ig on Poropotancke Creeke anglice vocatur 
fresh water Creeke running along the said Creeke . . , and halfe a point Southerly 
thence South Hast for altitude . . . hundred and sixtie chains along the marked trees of 
Francis Morgan thence for latitude twoe iiundred and five Chaines thence North west one 
hundred and twentie Chaines to a . . . running to a little Creeke including the said little 
Creeke ... to the great Creeke the said one thousand acres of Land being due unto him 
the said Richard Lee by and for his owne p'sonal Adventure his wife Ann and John Francis 



' " In Northumberland," says Beverley, "the Wiccomocco [tribe] has but few men living, which yet 
keep up their kingdom, and retain their fashion; yet live by themselves, separate from all other Indians, 
»nd from the English." 



it.ryir 



54 LEE OF VIRi-.lNIA. 

and by Asiignment from Mr. Tl:u;iias Hill. Florentine Paine and William Fr<-eman of their 
right of land due for the Tran^-i>i..:at:on of Seavcutcoiie p'-ons whose names are in the rec- 
ords mentioned under this patient to have and to hold ^:c. To bee held \c. Vieldin" and 
paying unto Our Souveraigne Lord the King his heirs and Successors for every of the hftie 
acres of Land heroin by these [>>'sttits f^ivt-n and gra;ilrd yearly at the feast of St. Micbaeli 
the Archangell the fee rent of one Shilling to his Maj'ti-js use which [.ay'ml is to bee made 
seaven yeares after the entry of this Claime being the twentieth sixth of Inly 1642 and not be- 
fore according io the said Charter of Orders &c. ut in Aliis Given &c. dated the tenth day 
of August 1642. Richard Lee Ann Lee Florentine Lainc twice Joane Pickering Thomas 
Hackett one hundred and fiftie acres rights of thi.-, pattent (yt is to say) the 3 Hrst assio-nedto 
Mr. Dixon. 

To all & Whereas and now Know yee yt I the said Richard Kemp Esqr' doe with the 
Advice and Consent of the Councill of State Accordingly give grant and Confirme unto 
Richard Lee Cent ninety one acres of Land Scituate lyeing and be!n!;{ in the County of 
Yorkelyeing upon the Ridge of the New Poquoson towards Yorke beginning at a Certain 
Marked white oake in the white mar-;h and runnijig thence west by South Seventy Eio-ht 
poles Sideing by the verj Corner uiarkLd tree of Capl. Wormeleys unto a small red oake 
and thence South South East two hundred forty four poles unto a small White oake 
and thence East North East fifty poles unto a Smrdl White oake, and a P^cick- 
ery that stands in the Glade and then pararell to tlic Glade of white marsh unto the 
place where it begun w«>' Tract of Land contains Ninety one Acres the sfid Ninety one Acres 
of Land being due unto the said 1-iichard Lee by and for the Transportation of two persons 
into this Colony who-^e names are in the records menconed under this Parent nine acres re- 
mayneing due upon the last name in his Certificate. To have and to hold and to Bee held 
&c. Yielding and payeing unto cur Said Sovereign I,ord the King bis heirs and Successors 
for every fifty acres of Land herein and by these presents given and granted yearly at the feast 
of St. Michaell the .-Vrchangell the fee . . . rent of one Shilling to his Majesties Use, which 
payment is to be paide seven yeares after the F^ate and not before &c. D.Ued the Second of 
December 16.14. 

To all &c now Know yee that I the said Sr Willi.'.m Berkeley Knt. doe accordingly 
with ye advice and Consent of the Councell of State give, grant and confirm unto Richard 
Lee Gent twehe hundred and iluy acres of Lar.d ScittMle lyeing or being about six or seven 
miles up the Narrows in the Charles river alias Yorke or Pomunkey river being a neck of 
Land bounded between two branches or Creeke where the foot Company met with the Boats 
when they went pomunkey march under ye Comand of Capt. William Claiborne Upon the 
South side of the said river Extending itself for Length towards Warranye Town and for 
Breadth upon the said river Ijetween the said Gutt or Creeke if it will amount to the 
true proportion otherwise to bee made good in Length into the \Noods, the said twelve hun- 
dred and fifty acres of Land being d:;e unto him the said Richard Lee by assignment from 
William Freeman of his right and title • j the Transportation of twenty five persons into this 
Colony whose names are in the records mentioned under tliis Patent. To have and hold 



1 Richard Kemp, of " Rich N'eck," c;unu to Virginia in lO 37, .is Secretary ; was long a member of the 
Council: during the absence of Berkel.-y, from June, iri44, to Jane. 1643, he was the acting governor ; in 
his will (Jated the 4th of Janu.iry, 164.) ; probated at London on the fth of December, 1650), he left 40 S. 
to " his beloved friend Richard Lee tO' buy him a ringe, to bee forthwith paid." Ricliard Lee may have 
been clerk of the Council 1111 Jcr Kemp ; Keiap was buried at Willi.-imsbiirg. 



COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 



55 



&c.tobe licld 6v:c Yielding and paying untu our said Sovereign Lord the King&c. Dated the 
20: of Augu?t 1646. 

This patent was surrendered and the names are inserted under a patent 
for 1,250 acres granted to Richard Lee the 21st of December 164S ; given 
l)clo\v. 

To all is:c Wliereas now Know yee yt I the said Sr. William Berkeley Knt. doe with the 
advice and Consent of the Councill of State accordingly give and grant unto Richard Lee 
Gent, twelve hundred and fifty acres of Land lyeingon the North Side of Vorke River op- 
posite to the poplar Neck on the South side of the river being the Land formerly possessed 
and belonging to John Bayles and George Knight and for want of an heir Devolved to his 
Majesties regent, the said Land being due to the said Richard Lee by and for the Transpor- 
tation of twenty and four persons into this colony whose names are in the records mentconed 
under this Patent. To have and to hold &c to be held &c Yielding &c which payment is to 
be made Seven yeares after ye date hereof and not before i<^- Dated ye 21st of December 
164S. 

(Head Rights.) \Vm. Crawford, Henry Lee, \Vm. Batchelor, Nich: Merron, Mathew 
Lee, John Farror, George ^Yay, Chris: Feathergill, Edward Dicks, \Ym. David, Joane 
Peayler, Elizabeth Peds, John Lyne,John Hunt, John Thomas, James Ware, Maryot Martins. 
Peter Parclimore, George Light, Era: Newton, Geo. Lee, Tho: Kidd, Henry Kidd, John 
Permevter. 

To all iS:c Whereas iSic now Know yee that I the said Sr. William Berkeley i?:c give and 
grant unto Coll^ Richard Lee Esq!^"^ Secretary of State for this Colony five hundred and 
fifty acres of Land Scituate on the North side of Yorke river, three hundred and fifty acres 
thereof Bounded towards the head and South East Side of a Creeke which is the we.5t- 
ward bounds of another Tract of Land of the said Coll'' Lees beginning at a marked oake 
and standing on a Poynt and from thence South East halfe a point Easterly two hundred 
and forty poles to a marked white oake on the North Side of a runne into the maine woods 
North East halfe a poynt Northerly two hundred and thirty poles North West halfe a poynt 
Westerly two hundred and forty poles till it mceteth with a swamp of the said Creeke and 
down the snid swaiap and Creeke to the place where it begann and two hundred acres the resi- 
due beginning at a marked white oakc .standing on the Westward side of a Runn or branch of a 
Creeke Called Bennetts Creeke and Extending West North West to a marked Ash tree Stand- 
ing upon tlie Eastward side of a swamp Upon the head of the said Creeke and from thence 
North North East one hundred and Sixty poles East South East two hundred poles and 
South South west to the first St.xtion where it begann the said Land being due unto the said 
Colb' Lee by and for the Transportation of Eleven persons into the Colony &c To have 
and to hold &c To be held ^;c Yielding &c which payment is to be made seven yeares 
after the first grant &c Seating &c thereof and not before &c. Dated the 24th day of May, 
1651. 

' To all &c Whereas &c now Know yee that I the said Sr William Berkeley Knight 
&c Do with the Consent of the Council of State accordingly give and grant unto 



• This patent was recorded al Northumberland Court-houic i6th May, 1711. Following it is recorded 
a deed from Richard Lee, of Westraorcl.T.nd, to his brothers, H.incock and Charles Lee, for the Soo acres. 
600 weie given to Hancoclc and 200 to Charles. 1 his deed will be fount! in full under Hancock Lee -. 



v.4Nf 



, 1 ; :.' J 



56 LEE OF ViR(;iKIA. 

Coll" Richard I.ce Ksq. Secrtn.iry of State fm- thi» Colony Eight hr.ndrerl acres of Land 
Scituate in Nortliumerland Cou"ty and uppon the South side of a Creeke Comonly called 
the Dividing Creek . . . abuttiiiLj North Ka.-,t ami Xortherly uppon the said Creeke South- 
east and Southerly Upon a creek which is-ueth forth of the said Dividing Creek Which 
divideth his Land and the Land of Mr, Thomas \\ ilion Marriner, Southwest into the 
maine Woods West and Northwest upon a jniall creek whicii divideth this Land and the 
Land of Col" Richard Lee. The said Land being due unto the said Col° Richard Lee by 
and for the Transportation of Sixteen persons all whose names are in the Records men- 
tioned under this I'attent &c To have and To Hold 0?cc To be held of Our Sovereign 
Lord the King his Heirs and Successors forever as ui his mannor of East Greenwich in 
free and Comoi; Soccage and not in Capite nor by Kniglits Service Yielding and paying 
unto our Sovereign Lord the King hi> Heirs and Successors \-c Which payment is: pro- 
veded & Given att James Citty under my hand and the Seal of this Colony the 2lst day 
of May, 1 65 1. 

To all &c Whereas iS:c now Know yee that I ye said Richard Bennet ^ Esq &c 
Give and Gr^nt unto Collonel Richani Lee Three hundred acres of Land scituated in ye 
County of Gloster upon ye north side of \'orke river founded as followeth viz. abutting 
south west and southerly upon \'crke river north west and west north northwest upon ye 
land of Mr. Richard Jones dec'd now in possession of ye said Trances Jones ye relict of 
ye said Jones, northeast into ye v,o> .(,'s three hundred and t\^'enty po : Last soutlieast and 
south east upon the land of Robert Todd. The said land being due unto ye said Coll. 
Richard Lee by and for ye Transportation of six jjerscns into this Colony \c To have 
and to hold i-Vc Yielding and Laying lVc wch payment is to be made seven yeares after ye 
first grant &c sealing thereof and not before I'rovided v,Vc Dated ye 20th .March 1653. 

To all I't whereas tVc now Know yee tliat I ye so Richard Bennett Esq. do in ye 
name of ye Keepers of ye Liberties of Engl.->.nd \x. Cdve and ( irant unto Coll. Richard 
Lee Esq Three hiuidred acres of land --ciluated in ye County o{ Lanca;>ter upon ye south 
side of Rappa : river bounded as followetli, vi/t : tVoni a niark'd oake wch standeth upon 
ye head of a southern branch of a l.'rcek commonly known by ye name of Matchepungo 
Creek wch divideth this bind and ye L\ui] of Dame Eii/abcth Lun-ford formerly Mr. 
Sanmel Abl-ot extending along ye lari<l of John Benton dec'd East by North to another 
branch o\ ye saii! Matchepungo Creeke ^oiiili and b\ I'.ast into ye woods vest bv south 
upon a branch of I'yanketanck north by west upon ye land of Dame Eli/abeth Lunsford 
and along her head line to ye jdace where this land first began. Ihe said land being due 
i\:c by and for ye Tran-port.uion of .six jicrsons <.^c To have. Yielding &c wch payment ..^"c 
Dated ye 14th of November I'J^T, ut in aliis Win Ilabian, Wm. Snapes, Wm. Muns, Theo : 
Carey, Ed : Ham[)ton. 

NoTF. : The land contained in thi- patent w;is ■^oi 1 by Richard Lee (1st of March, 1656) 
to Miles Dixon, merciiant. 'I'here i> a deed from "'Dame Eli/abeth Lunsford" for 50 



' Richard I'.f iinett (saui to l.ive been a ycuni;er l;rothsr of Hcr.ry Bennett. Karl of Arlington, one of 
the celebr.ited "Cito.x! " teniii. Cl-ar'ri 11 ) was si;^;} .■•nicii one of their conimissioners by the English Par- 
li.mienl, in 1651, '• f'~r the reriucinj of Vii^ini.i and .Mar\ lanii to their due obedience to the Commonwealth 
of England." Later he or^.«n!/eJ the iioverninent of the C"cIony,and served as Governor froin i6^c-;5. 
He WJ.S iuj.ny ycari a menil,er of the Council. wa.< colonial wj^cnt at London, and major-general of tlie 
militia. His daughter. A'. nc, tiurtic-d Colonel 'I heodoricV. Blar.d.and his gre.it-granddaughter, Mary 
Bland, married {I'tnry Lee. of " Lre Hall," Westmoreland. Governor Bennett died in 1675, and was buried 
at Green Point, Md. 



.■,.-/,' 



o< 



COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 57 

acres whereon " ve sd Lees .crvanis now are'" to her "loving friend Richard Lee," dated 
28 April, 1656, which land was also sold by Lee on same date to same person as above 
mentioned land. [Lancaster County RicorJs.) 

To all .Vc Whereas Mc now Know yee that I the .aid Edward Diggs Esqr &c give and 
grim unto Coll Richard Lee two hundred Acres of Land scituated in the County of Glouster 
bounded on the North East ,ide and East with the land of Henry Corbell on the South 
Ean with a line of marked trees which divideth this land and the land of William Howard 
South and South West upon another tract of the said Coll. Lee's West upon the Dogwood 
Sprin-e branch North West and North upon the Land of William Thome. The said land 
beincT^'due by and for the Transportacon of four Persons .^c To have and to hold &c Yield- 
ing ^id paving &c which payment &c Dated the Seaventeen of May 1655 ut m Alus Lor- 
manch O'Mally, Teague Slanny, Richard O'Harrat, Giles Paine. 

To all &c Whereas ice now Knowe ye That I the said Edward Diggs Esq doe give and 
grant unto Col- Richard Lee six hundred Acres of Land Scituate in Northumberland 
County and upon the South side of the Dividing Creek abutting East upon the said Creek 
South East soulherh- upon another Parcell of Land belonging to the said Lee divided from 
this by a small Creek Called Andrews Creek, South West Westerly upon the Glade and 
hicTh land North West northerly upon a run and small Creek Called Freemans Ford. Ihe 
satd I and being due unto the said Col- Richard Lee by and for the Transportation of 
Twelve Persons into this Colony &c To Have and To Hold &c Yielding and paying cVc 
Which payment &c dated the 4th of March 1656. 

To all &c whereas .vc now Know ye that I the said Edward Diggs E.q cVc give and grant 
unto Col-- Richard Lee Five acres of Land lying in the County of Gloucester towards the 
herd of Poropotank Creek wliereon the store of the said Col- Lee standeth and is part of a 
Dividend of 700 acres granted unto Peter Knight Merch't bearing date the 25th day of 
Au..ust 1652 which is deserted for want Sealing. The said Land being due unto the said 
Col- Richard Lee bv and for the TranspoUaiion of one person into this Colony .vc 45 ^^cres 
remaining due unto'the .aid Col- Lee To have and to Hold .^e Yielding .V paying .V 
W hich payment is to be made .^c Dated the 4th day of June 1656. Morns Fhunmer. 

To all .^c Whereas now Know ye that I th.e =aid Edward Digg, E.qr. &c give and 
^rant unto William and Hancock Lee sons of Col- Richard Lee Eight hundred and fifty 
acres of Land Situate in the County of Gloucester upon the branch of Peanketank Swamp 
bounded by marked trees Beginning at a Spanish Oake by the marsh swamp running South 
bv East So perches to a Hickory Corner thence south we.st to a Corner tree thence North 
West to a Hickory Corner thence North Ea.t to a Hickory by Peanketank thence south 
East 183 perches to a White Oak thence to the place where it began. The said land being 
due unto the said William and Hancock Lee as followeth Vizt. Five hundred Acres part 
thereof bv virtue of the Right of a Patent granted unto John Woodward the attorney of the 
said C0I-' Lee bearing date the 17th of May 1655 ^^ relinquished by the said Col- Lee to 
m-ike this -ood and Three hundred and Fifty acres the Resi.lue by and for the Transporta- 
tion of S^^en persons into this Colony &c To have and to hold &c yielding and paying ^:c 
which pajinent is to be made, .vc Dated the 2d of June .656. Roger Sheely, John 
Leally Patrick Graham, John Mathorn. David Mahone, Douny Ca^by, Richard Joy, Dur- 
mont O'Faine, land due for. • De.-erted by the said Wm. and Hancock Lee and granted to 
.. Thoms Brereton bv Patent Dated, the 28th March 1602. Test Era Hickman. 



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58 LF.E or VIR(;IN[A. 

To all &c MOW Know ye thyt I the •^aid Samuel Matthews Esq \c give and grant unto 
Col"- Richard Lee One Tliousand Acres of Land Situate upon the south side of Potomack 
River Beginning at the mouth of a Small Creek which issueth Out of a Matchoteck River up 
the said River dividin<T the said Land tVcm the Land of Mr. Lewis Burwell East southeast 500 
poles to Certain Dams being on tht,- h*-ail cjf the said Creek into the Main Woods South South- 
west 320 poles and from thence extending West Northwest 500 poles, North Northeast to the 
place where it began 3 jo poles. The said Land being due unto him the said Col'-' Richard Lee 
by and for the Transportation of Twenty persons into this Colony &c To have and To Hold 
iS:c. To be held &c Yielding and paying &c Which payment is to be made seven years 
after the first entry of the bounds in the Oliice being the iSth day of October 1650, and not 
before dated the lith of October if'SJ. 

To all &c whereas &c now Know ye that I the said Samuel Matthews Esq .Sic give and 
grant unto Colo Richard Lee Two thousand Acres of Land Scituate upon the South side of 
Patomack River Beginning at a mouth of a small Creek which issueth out of Matchoteck 
River up the said River dividing this Land from the Land of Mr. Lewis Burwell East south- 
east 500 poles to Certain Dams lying (3n the lieail of the said Creek South southwest 64 poles 
into the main woods, thence North nortav.-est 50 poles, thence North northeast 640 poles to 
the place where it Began. The said Land being due by and for the Transportation of Forty 
persons into this Colony To Have Csic yielding ^vc Dated the 5th of June 1658. 

1 To all To whom these Presents sh.'ill come I send . . . Whereas &c now Know ye 
That I the Sd Sr. William Berkeley ire. . . grant unto Col^^ Richard Lee Esqr. Councillor 
of State Four Thousand Acres of Land situate and being in Westmoreland County and 
bounded vizt : lO-X) acres part thereof behind the Land of Mr. Roger Isham beg. at a marked 
corner tree 320 poles Southwest from I 4 of a mile ben. . . . the Dwelling House of the said 

Ishara and runiung Northwc-t from the 500 poles to another Corner Tree thence 

Southwest 320 poles marked Red ( >ak thence Southeast 500 poles to a marked 

Hickory from thence Northca.^t 320 poles to the place where it first beg.an on acres. 

Another part thereof being in Pot.nvmack Freshes on the Northeast of a Creek below 

Piscataway, Imt on the opposite side tiie River Potowmacke bounding Southeasterly on the 

said River Scuthv.-esterly on a called Hopkins's Creek running Northerly from the 

River 640 poles the woods and Northea,-.ter!y from the Creek 250 poles towards the 

Surveyed for Henry Vincent vV joc'j acrco the Remainder bou North- 
erly on a Creek wliich i-,-ueth out of I'atomack. Piscattaway Divideth this Land from a Tract 

of Land of 2cxx) acres appertaining John Wood, Robert Smith and John Eyeres, 

Easterly upon iho Kiv;;r, running t'r >:-i tiic Cn-e"'; S>utherly 320 poles and from the River 

to the Creek Westerly to>x5 [-.iiles. The said land being due to the said Colo 

Richard Lee Es(i. as filloweth Vi.t : Ickxi acres the first part formerly granted unto John 
Wo<-)d by Patent dated the I4tli of January and looo acres the second part thereof formerly 
granted to Robert Cart — by Patent d.xted the 15th of July 1657 and 2000 acres the Residue 
being granted to Robert Clarke by Patent dated the 15th of July 1657 — Land for want of 

Seating according to the reservation the par to the said Colo Richard Lee Esqr by 

order of the Vjcneral bearing -dated with these presents and is due by and for the 

Transportation i.f S p-rscns \c To be Held \c Which payment to be made 7 years after 
the date hereof provided vVc Dated the 2''> of November 166-. This Patent was renewed by 



' The blinks appearing in this copy ire ^o in the record in Richmond, which w.-is evidently copied 
from the origin.il p.itent, not clearly ie^ii !e. 



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COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 



59 



Order of the General Court, uatcu the 26th of March 1063 and granted to tlie said Col" Lee 
by Sr. Williani Berkeley. Knight, his Majesties Governor .Vc the said 261)1 of March. Teste 
Ira Kirkman. 

To all &c whereas &c ncv Know ye That I tlie said Sir William Berkeley Knight 
Governor \;c give and grant unto Colo Richard 1-ee I-'sqr Two thousand Six hundred Acres 
of Land in the County of Northumberland on the south side of Potomack River bounded as 
followeth Viz : Two thousand two hundred acres part thereof, Beginning at the mouth of a 
Creek that is^ueth out of Machotick River East southeast up the said Creek and crossing the 
Beaver dams Five hundred poles to a marked Pockikory tree that stands on the West side of 
Pockatomes field, thence South Southwest Six hundred and forty poles to a marked White 
oak that stands upon the head of a swamp thit issueth into the head of Noniiny river, thence 
West Northwest Five hundred poles to a marked red — , thence North North East three 
hundred and twenty poles to a marked red Oak, thence North Northeast three hundred and 
twenty poles to Machotick River, thence East Southea^t one hundred poles to the first 
specified place and four hundred acres tlie Residue at the mouth of a small Creek that issueth 
out of Machotick River and runneth up Machotick river West Northwest two hundred poles, 
thence South southwest three hundred and twenty poles thence East Southeast two hundred 
poles to a marked red oak, thence North Northeast to the first specified place. The Land 
being due unto the said Colo Richard Lee as followeth, Vizt: Two Thousand Acres part 
thereof being formerly granted to him by Patent bearing date the fifth of June one thousand 
six hundred and fifty eight, and six lumdred Acres the residue being due by and for the 
Transportation of twelve persons <.\:c To have and To hold iS;c To be held ikc Yielding and 
Paying &c provided Cs;c Dated the first of December one thousand six hundred and sixty 
four. 

As shown by these land grants, Richard Lee held many offices in the 
Colon}-; having been Jtistice, Ikirgess. meir.ljer of the Council and Secre- 
tary of State. He also served on various commissions. In the Egcrton 
A/SS. in the British jMuseum, there is a copy of the Virginia Remonstrance 
against granting lands in the Northern Xeck to certain lords. It was dated 
the 2Sth of March, 1663, and signed by ■'Berkeley, Francis Moryson, 
Thomas Ludweli, Sect. Rich.ud Lee, Nathaniel Bacon, Ab : Wood, John 
Carter, Edward Carter, Theodore Bland, Thomas Stegge, and Henry Cor- 
by n." (Neil, \\x. Caroloriiin, 421). 

Hening states that in April, 1663, Governor Berkeley wrote to the 
governor of Maryland as follows: "land the Councell here haue Con- 
sidered of the means of Redresse [relative to the excessive planting of 
tobacco] and authorize the Gentlemen of the Councell, Co" Richard Lee, 
Co" Rob: Smith, Co" John Carter, and Mr. Henry Corbin our Commis'^ 
to communicate our Results to you and appoynted the eleuenth day of 
.May next to be the time and the County Courthouse of Northumber- 
land the i>lace of Conference." This commission met "at Mr. Aleston's' 



* Prob.ibly intended for Allerton ; N'eil gives the pl.icc of meeting " at Major Isaac Allerton's." ( f J. 
Carotorum, 305.) 



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6o LEE OF VIR(;lNIA. 

in Wickacomoccj in Virginia." and aniongsi the names signed on the 
2nd of May, 1663, to their rei)ort was that of Richard Lee. (ii, Henino-, 
200.) 

Richard Lee has always l^een represented as a most ardent royalist and 
supporter of the Stuarts ; it has been claimed that he made a voyage to 
Holland expressly to visit Charles IL, then in exile. Confirmatory of this 
journey, there is extant the testimony of a contemporary who visited 
Richard Lee in 1659, and left this record; its author, John Gibbon, was 
later an ofricial of the Herald's office at London. Li 16S2 he published a 
book entitled, Introductio Ad Lafi/hvn Blasouiam. On page 158 of this 
work he wrote : "A great part of Anno 1659, till February the year follow- 
ing, I lived in Virginia, being most hospitably entertained by the Honour- 
able Collonel Richard Lee, some time Secretary of State there ; and who 
after the King's martyrdom hired a Dutch vessel, freighted her himself, went 
to Brussels, surrendered up .Sir W illiarn Barcklaie's old commission (for the 
Government of that Province) and received a new one from his present 
Majesty (a loyal miction and deserving my commemoration)." A copy of 
Gibbon's book, now in the possession of William Rlackstone Lee, Esq., has 
this additional note, added by Gibbon himself: '♦ The Collonell Lee men- 
tioned page 156 of this Booke had a faire estate in Virginia. The product 
of his Tobacco amounted to y;2ooo [)er annum. Hee was willing to end 
his days in I'jigland and to send over some one to reside as generall In- 
spectour and overseer of hi., several plantations. I was reconmiended to 
him as a Hit and Trusty i)erson, liaving beene a servant to Thomas, Lord 
Coventry, tlie Richest Baron of England .Krc. I accepted Collonell Lee's 
proffer— wee arrived in Virginia the last of October 1659 and iibr 2nd 
came to the Collonell^ house at Dividing Creekes. Before liee could settle 
Things for hi^ final departure and settling in England, wee had newes from 
Newe Enghuid of ye Kings Restauration. The Collonell was willing to 
hasten to England and I was .is willing as hee, having hopes to get some 
employment by means of John. Lord Culpeper, to whom my family had re- 
lation by mariage. Hut hee was dead before I reached England. Wee 
arrived at Mergate in Kent friday 22 ^L^rch 1660-1. My leaving \'irginia, 
I have sorely rei-ented. He made mee j.roffers of mariage and offered mee 
1000 acres of land." 

In view of ihi,> statement of (;ibbon, the following extract from Eng- 
lish records shows Ri( hard Lee in an entirely new light, that of one •• faith- 
ful and useful to the interests of the Conmionwealth " of England. But it 
is only fair to observe that thi> claim was made for him by a friend in his 
absence. 









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COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 



6i 



"The petition of John Jeffreys, of London, Merchant, in behalf of Col. Richard Lee, 
of Virginia, to the Lord Protector a...l Ccuncil. Cert.-in plate brought from Virginia to 
London by Colonel Lee, about a year and a half ago, to change the fashion, has been seized, 
on his return to Virginia, by the searchers at Gravesend : eveiy piece having the Colonel's 
coat of arms, and being for his own private use, who did not know but that plate manufac- 
tured might be transported to the English plantations. Colonel Lee being faithful and useful 
to the interests of the Commonwealth, the petitioner prays, in his absence, for an order to 
discharge the plate." Annexed to this petition was an affidavit from " CoL Richard Lee of 
Virginia," stating that his trunk had contained 200 ounces of silver plate, all marked with 
his coat of arms and intended for his own use, and that it had been seized at Gravesend 
aboard the ship Anthony of London ; that he had had the most part of it many years to- 
gether in Virginia. (Sainsbury Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series, 1 574-1660, p. 

430-) • 

While in England in 1 663, his wife and children being there also, 
probably for the education of the latter, Richard Lee made his will ; the 
wording of this will indicates that he had given up his intention of settling 
permanently in England. For he ordered that his estate there should be 
sold, gave minute directions tor the payment of his debts, and closing up 
of his interests in that country, and made arrangements for the settlement 
of his children in Virginia. It seems probable that he intended to return 
alone, for he requested that (in case of his death) "my good friends will 
with all convenient speed cause my wife and children (all except Francis if 
he be pleased) to be transported to Virginia and to provide all necessary tor 

the voyage." 

The account of his property given in this will shows him to have been 
possessed of con.siderable wealth— for that day. If his tobacco crop was 
actually worth ^2000 a year, as Gibbon estimated, and his estate at Strat- 
ford-Langton, ^^Soo a year, a.s stated by William Lee, then Richard Lee 
must ha\T enjoyed an income larger than most of the early planters. The 
copy of his will, given here, was made by the late Cassius F. Lee, Jr.. from 
one in the posses^sion of Mr. Charles Campbell, of Fredericksburg, and is 
believed to be accurate : 

IX THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. I, Colonel Richard Lee, of Virginia, and lately 
of Stratford' Langton, in the County of Essex, Esquire, being bound upon a voyage to 
Virginia aforesaid, and not knowing how it may please God to dispose of me in so long a 
voylge, utterly renouncing, disclaiming, disannulling and revoking all former wills, either 

Una work cnxMcd • ' A S„ rt^v of tki -CltUs of Lor-.don ..«./ « Vi/;«/W*r." pubUihcd in 1735. by 
Robert Scvmo^r, he stated: - A mile from Stratford-Bow, in the Ro.J into Essex, .s Stratford-Langton 
orLangthorn.lyinginthc Par.sh of West-Han., a place m.ich irequented for the country-Houses of 
Wealthy Citti/ens, ..r.d the Habitations of such other of them who cannot enjoy their Health in London, 
£;c." (Book vi, ^46.) 

William Lee, in 177., stated tliat this estate *ras worth about X^-^o or £-900 a year, which %^oulcl seem 
to represent .juite a Iari;e property. 



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"* LEE OF VIRGIN t A, 



scnpt, nuncui..U,ve or parol, and schedules or codicils of wills whatsoever, do make ordair. 
and aec arc th. ,ny last Wi,, and Testament in manner and form following, first : I 'iv" an 1 
be.iueathmysou tothatgood and gracious God that gave it me and to mv Blestd Re 
decmer Je.. Uu-,st, assuredly tru.tin, in and by hi, meritorious death and pas.'i n to 
receive savat.on, and my b.>dy to Le dis,,osed of whether by land or sea accord,' g\o the 

z:T2Sj:zt'" '-' '''^'''' '^' '' "^ '-' ">• '''' ^-^>- -^ -' ^^^^' ^^^ - 

copjho d land and houses be. uuh all convenient speed that may be, sold for the pay- 
ment of my nebts to John Je.lries. K.q. and what the sale of that shall fall short of, to be made 
good out of my crops in Virginia, to b. consigned to my good friends Mr. Thon>as Griffith 
and John Locke; , or one of them in that behalf, and in case the estate of Strntf.rd be not 
as speeddy sold a., I de.ire, that then the best improvement possible may be made from year 
to year of my sau plantation, and my servants labour with such directions and appointments 

Hit ^^"t"^'^''' ^■"" °^'^^' ''' '''' '^^"^^ ^"^ ^°°"- P^>--^ 'f-y debts 

and that my nu.nber of servants be .till kept up, and continued out of the labours by the 

..-ud Onthth and Lockey, or one of then,, for the better n..n.ging and ejecting thereof 

AI.0 my Will and earnest de.ire i> that my good friends will with all convenient speed 
cause my wife an<l children (all except bVancis if he be pleased) to be transported to Vir- 
g.ma andtoprovKleallnecessarvior the voyage, and from time to time till my estate be 
disentangled and irce uf all my debts, to provide and allow for them, and everyone of them 
a competent and convenient maintenance according a. the product of the estate will bear' 
tTon Til r% t r' ;^^l^^>;-"^ °f-)' '^^^^^^ -Hi the annual supply of my several planta: 
t.on,, all of which I absolutely relcr to the said Thomas Cifhth and John Lockev, and after 
my debts are paid, I give and be.jueath my e.tate as followeth : 

To my wifc,durir.g her life, I give the plantation nlu-reon I now dwell, ten Fnglish 
servants, hve negroes, 3 „,en and 2 won.en, 20 sow, and corn proportionable to the servant. • 
-he said negroc-^ I give to her during her widowhood and no longer, and then presently to 
return to those of the hve youngest children, al.o the plantation Mocke Nock 

Item. My wd! and earnest desire is that my household stuff at Stratford be divided 
m to taree j,art,. t.-o of which I give to my son John, and bind him to give to every one of 
h.s brothers a bed, and the other f.art I give to mv r.-ife Anna Lee 

Item. I give all nw plate to n.v three oldest sons, or the survivor or survivors of them, 
each to have hi. part delivered to him wi,cn he comes to the a^e of iS rears 

Item. I give to n.y son John and hi, heirs forever, when he comes to the age of iS 
years, ad my i.nd a„d plantation at Machudck, all the stock of cattle and hogs thereupon 
a so 10 negroes, viz., tive n.en and live women, and 10 English servants for their times all' 
the corn that shall be found there, all tuo-s, household stuff, and utensils thereupon 

Item. 1 o R,cl>ard and hi, heirs forever, when he come to the age aforesaid, I give my 
plantation called Paradise, with all my servants thereupon, all my stock of cattle and ho^! 
ad worKing tools and ute.,ih, and corn that shall be foun<l thereupon to be for the provision 
of the said servant,. ^ 

ll.m. Tolranci, and hi, heir, loievcr. when he come, to the age af.resai.l, I give the 
Paper-maker. Vc. and the W.r apt.ua, Xeck, with five negroes, three men and two 
von^n. a^i ,0 ,ngn,h servant,, and the stock of cattle and hogs, corn, and tools and uten- 
Mis upon the said several .Necks. 

Item I giv. and bequeath t„ the liv. younger children, vi.:. : William, Hancock, Betsev 
Anne, and Lnarle,. th. plant.U.on where.., Joh. na,w.dl now lives and so all along includ: 



COLONEL RICHARD LEE. 63 

ing Bishop's Neck and to the utmost extent of my land towards Brewer's and also 4,000 
acres upon Fotomack, also the two plantations before bequeathed to my wife, after her death 
to be divided between them or their survivors or survivor of them, also all the rest of my 
cattle, hogs, corn, household stutis, tools, or whatsoever is or shall be found upon the said 
plantations at the time of my death, all which said estate so beiiueathed to my younger chil- 
dren, after my debts are paid, I desire may be employed upon said plantations for a joint 
stock to raise portions of the said children against they come of age aforesaid or the females 
married. The said servants and what other products of their labours whether money or 
whatsoever, to be equally divided between them or their survivors or survivor of them, but 
the said land only to be divided between the male children. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my eldest son John, three islands lying in the Bay of 
Chesapeake, the great new bed that I brought ove?in'the"Duke of York, and the furniture 
thereunto belonging. 

Item. My will is that my horses, mares, and colts be eijually divided in two parts, one 
whereof to be and belonging to ray three eldest children, and the other to my five youngest, 
and shall be sold as they increase toward raising money for their portions, and in case any 
ofthe three eldest children die before they come to the age of 18 years, that then his or 
tlieir portion come to the survivors or survivor of them, and in case they all die that the 
whole personal estate equally to return to the five youngest children, but the land only to the 
male ch.ildren, and if the five younger children die before they come to the age aforesaid, or 
the females married, then their parts to be divided among the three eldest or survivors or 
survivor of them. 

Item. My will is that my son William Lee have all that land on the Maryland side, 
whereon George English is now seated, when he comes to the age aforesaid ; also my will is 
that goods sufficient be set apart for the maintenance of the gangs of each plantation for the 
space of two years, and all the rest of my goods to be sold to the best advantage and the 
tobacco shipped here to Mr. Lockey and Mr. GriiUth toward the payment of my debts. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Francis, after my debts are paid, my whole 
interest in the 3hip called Elizabeth and Mary, being one-eighth part, also one-eighth 
part in the ship called The Susan, and in case of the death of Francis, I give the same to 
Charles, and in the case of his death to the two girls Elizabeth and Anne. 

But in ca^e that by the blessing of God upon the industry and labour of my people upon 
the several plantations, my said debts be fully satisfied before the said land at Stratford be 
sold, nevertheless I will and entreat my good friends, Mr. Griffith and Mr. Lockey, or one of 
them, [that] it may be sold to the most and bc^t advantage, and the produce thereof put out 
at interest, and the interest thereof be employed for and towards the better education of John 
and Richard, equally, to assist the one in his travels for the attainment of a reasonable per- 
fection in the knowledge of Fhysick, the other at the University or the Inn:, of Court which 
he shall be most fit for, and the principal money to be equally dividcl between the two 
daughters when they come to age or be married, and that the said daughters be utterly de- 
barred from all former legacies given to them as aforesaid, but in case of their death then the 
sale and produce of said estate at Stratford to be e.]ually divided between my eldest son 
John and my youngest son Charle.-,." Also I desire and order tliat my wife, my son John, 
and all my overseers, that either all or one, shall from time to time keep a correspondence 
with the said Griffith and Lockey, and order all my affairs in Virginia to the best advantage, 
as they or one of them sliall direct them, and ship all my tobacco and what else shall be raised 
upon the said plantations to tlie said Griffith and Lockey for satisfaction of my debt and 
advantage of my children and do yearly give them an account of all horses, mares, negroes. 



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64 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

goods, and a!! othor thin^zs according a.s they shall receive directions and instructions from 
the said Mr. Tliomas Grift'ith and Mr. I.ockey. 

Lastly : For the use aforesaid I make and ordain my ever loving friends, Mr. Thomas 
Griffith and Mr. Lockey, merchants, John and Richard Lee, my full and sole Executors of 
this my La.<t Will and Testament, Lnt in respect to my son Richard, till he coraeth of age, 
I do absohitely pl.ice all m.magement of my will upon the care and trust of first mentioned 
executors till my said son, Richard Lee, comes to age as aforesaid, hoping the same friend- 
ship to mine after my death which they have always done unto me. 

In witness thereof 1 have hereunto set nn- hand and seal this the Sixth day of Febru- 
ary, in the iGth year cf the Reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles II., King of Great Britain, 
&c.,&c., and in the year of our Lord, 1663 [1664.] 

^This will was probated in London, the next year .• 
" 1664-5. Richardus Lee. Januarij. Decimo die probatuin fait Testamentum Richardi 
Lee nup de Stratford I.angton in Cora Ls^exiae sed apud Virginia in ptibus transmarinus ar. 
defmict hents, &c. ('.irament Thomae Grifu'.h et Johis Lockey duor Execut, &c., quih. &c. 
de bene ^:c. Jurat. Re-L-rvata ptate Simiiem Comnem faciend Johi et Richo Lee alt Execut 
&C." Johis. 

P. C. C. Probate Act Book fo 3. 

The exact date of Richard Lee's death is not known. There is ample 
evidence to show that he returned to Virginia after executing his will in 
London on the 6th of F^ebrnary. 1663-4. The application of his son for 
land due his father, deceased, ditcd 20th of April, 1664, proves him to have 
died prior to that date. This order states that 4,700 acres were due to 
John Lee for the transportation of 94 persons into the Colony bv " his 
ffather Coll°. Richard Lee, Esq., whoe is now deceased." His will was 
proven at London loth of January, 1664-5 ; his widow remarried, as shown 
by this warrant : 

24th of Sei-teniber, 1666, a writ v.-as issued by Ira Kirkman, Clerk, to 
the Sheriff of Westmoreland Couniy, recjuiring the arrest of Mr. John Lee, 
one of the Lx'.rs of tlie Last Will and Testament oi Colonel Richard Lee, 
to appear before the Governor and Council on the 3d day of next General 
Court, in the tbrenoon, to answer the suit of Edmund Lister, as marry- 
ing . . . .AniiC the relict of the said Colonel Lee (I, Fa. Cat. State 
Papers, 7). 

It also seems to be clearly jjroveii that the later home of Richard Lee 
\sas at " Dividing Creeks," in .N'orthumberland county. The testimony of 
Gibbon, who vidtfd him there in 1659, and that of his son, Francis Lee, 
who stated, in 1677, that lie had been " torrnerly an inhabytant at Dividing 
Creeks in Virginia." fully j)ruve this assertion. IJut the time of his re- 

> From an article o;> '-I^e of Virginia." hy Mr. J Henry L.e.i, ia AViw En^Und {fist, and Gen. 
Kf^i:!er, lan.iarv, i3o?. 



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MRS. RICHARD LEE 



SECOND GENERATION. 65 

moving to Xorchumberlaad is not so certain ; as he was a Ilvirgess from . 
that county in 165 i, and patented land there in that year, it seems highly 
probable that he settled there about that date. 

In 1798 Portia Lee, daughter of William I.ee. wrote that Richard Lee 
"died at his seat upon Dividing Creeks in Xorth'd County, where he is 
buried and his tombstone is there to be found." This statement is, of 
course, only traditional, unless it is to be supposed that she had seen the 
tombstone; but it shows, at an)- rate, what the family tradition was at that 
date, and had been, probably, ever since the death of the Immigrant. It 
has been constantly claimed that this home was the place known in later 
years as " Cobbs Hall ;" but there is no direct evidence to substantiate this 
claim. The presence of the old carving of his arms over the front door is 
about the strongest bit of evidence yet found. 

The only information as to the number and relative ages of the 
children of Richard and Anna I^e is taken from his will ; the sons art 
probably named in the order of their birth ; John and Charles are distinctly 
specified as the eldest and youngest sons. In naming his five younger 
children, he placed the two daughters between Hancock and Charles, so it 
may be fairly taken for granted that they were younger tlian Hancock and 
older than Charles. In the wills of olden time it was genendly customary 
to name the sons first, whatever may have been tlie relative ages of the sons 
and daughters ; but in this case the inference taken seems to lie v.ell justified. 
Their issue, then, were as follows; 

i, JOHN -, eldest son and heir at-law ; died unmarried. 
ii, Richard '\ after death of John, became heir-at-law; from him ate 

descended tlie *• Stratford" line, as designated in tliis work. 
iii, Francis -, settled in London, died there and left issue. 
iv, William •, married ; [-robably left no male issue. 
v, Hancock ^ married and left issue; from whom the " Diichley " line 

are descended, 
vi, Elizabeth ^ no data. ^ 

vii, Anne ■', married, and j>robably left issue. 

viii, Charles ^ married, and left issue; from whom the " ('obbs Hall" 
line are descended. 

SECOND GENERATION. 
Captain John Lee. 

John ', the eldest son of Richard and .-Xnna Lee, was born about 1645, 
"in Capohowasick Wickacomoco in \'irginia," as he himself stated. It is 
5 



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5! .li 



66 m:k of vir<;in'ia. 

difliciilt, witli our present knowledge of these names, to understand clearly 
this descriiitioii of his !)irthplace. The two Indian names seem to refer to 
two distinct localities ; on a map' of America, made for James I. in 1610, 
" Capoliowasick " is the name given to the peninsula which contains the 
present counties of Gloucester and Matthews, and " 'Wighcocomoco " is 
the name for the Northern Neck.'' As Richard Lee's first hom.e in Virginia 
was situraeti in the '• Capohowasick " region and his later one at Dividing 
Creeks was in the " Wickacomoco " country, it would seem probable that 
John intended to name boili his birthi)lace and his later home in Vir- 
ginia. 

John \\as educated at Oxford ; he entered Queen's College, as an 
upper commoner, on the .-'d of July, 1658, and graduated an A. B. on the 
30th of April, 1662. He must have studied medicine later, for William 
Lee stated th.ft "John took his degrees as Dr. of Physic." He was 
probably re.uiing medicine at the date of hi:, father's will, for in that will it 
was directed that the interest of invested funds "be employed for and 
towards th.e better education of John and Richard equally, to assist the one 
in his travels lur the attainment of a reasonable perfection in the knowledge 
of Physick," etc. No mention is to be lound of John Lee's ever have 
practiced his profession in Virginia. 

While at Oxford he presented a silver cup to his college, a print of 
which is given, with a description of it, by the kind permission of Mr. J. 
Henry Lea, of Fairhaven, Mass. 

''On a Silver Pint Cup, standing on a foot and weighing 140Z. 3dwt., 
now prcseived in Queen's College, Oxford, is the following inscription — 

COLL. REGL OXON. 

D. D. Johanis Lee Natus in Caj)Ouowasick 
Wickacomoco in Virginia America Filius 
Primogenitus Richardi Lee Chiliarcha; 
,,' Oriundi de Morton Regis in -Agro Salopiensi. ' • 

'V''. '.'':■.-. ::■_...■ &>: 1658. 



' Sec Plate CLVIII in the G<t^s:'s of ike I'nited StaCts, p. 45!^, by .\lcxander Brown. 
'-According to Leverly, the pariihes in the Northern Neck, about 170;, were: 

L^mcasicr, t\io, viz.: Christ an i St Marj'-White-Chapel. 

Northuml'<rr!an1, two, vi?.: Kairfield and Pouthray, and Wiccocomoco. 

Wcjtmoreland, two. vir.: Copclcy and Washington. 

Standford (St.itTord), two, viz : St. Tan! and Overworton 

Richmond, one, \-\i .: Noriii^'.irnliam and part ol' another, viz.: Sittenburn. 

King Geori;c. one, viz.: H.inover, and other part of Sittenburn. 
(i)»r/v/, //.'J.' j/" /'d. irt<>5, Appendix, II.) 



i..! -rA/ 



>;econ'1") generation. 



67 




"Above are two shields, that to the right bearing the arms of Lee of 
Langley and Coton — A fess cheque between eight billets — that to the left 
Avith the arms of the College — Three Eagles disp-layed — To the left of the 
engraved work a Bishop's Mitre and Pastoral Staff appearing from behind a 
book, to the right the end of a staff appearing above a Book crossed by a 
pair of Compasses. Most of this detail appears clearly in the illustration 
from a photograph obtained by W, B. Lee, Esq., by permission of Rev. J. 
R. Magrath, D. D., Provost of the College.'" 

John probably returned to Virginia with his father in the spring of 
1664; he was certainly in Northumberland in A{^ril of that year, when he 
obtained the order from the court for land due his father, then deceased. 
He was as certainly seated in Westmoreland in September, 1666, as shown 
by the writ already quoted, .\ year later, Captain John Lee was a member 



' Copied from artic'.e in Xf^u En^lcnui Hiit.irh-al and Ger.fa'.-'i'Cal Registir, January, 1S92. 



: ; Itl . .tO'j'l 



i:i)0[ 



68 LEF, or VIRGINIA. 

of the " Comuiittcc of the Association of xVorthuniberland, ^^'estmoreland 
and Stafford " C(»unt;es : this committee were for securing the defense of the 
Northern Xeck from Indians, and were in seme respects its local governors; 
he also was a Durgoss from Westuioreland in 1673. 

By the GoYcnnor and Capt. Genn": of N'iiginia, I doe Appoint Mr. John Lee high 
Sheriffe of \Vestni'"l"rd County, this next ensucing yeare and to be svvorne the next County 
Court in case he Accepts thereof But if Mr, I.ce Be not willing to Accept thereof, then 
Mr. Clement Spillnian is hereby Appointed to be high Sheriffe of the said County and bee 
Accordingly sworne and alsoe Before his swearing is to be one of the Comicons for the said 
County, dated this 2'^th day of March, 1672. (.Signed) William Berkeley. 

As an e.xample of old official documents, this commission is perhaps 
worth preserving in its entirety: 

To all to whom these p'esents shall cume, I .Sr William Berkeley Knt: Govenor and 
Cap' : Genn" : of Virginia send Greeting— Whereas for y More due Administracon of Jus- 
lice in this Country and the greater ease of y« people and in obtaining the same, his Royal 
Ma''<^: King Charles y- first, of ever Blessed memory was pleased by his Instruccons, 
directed to )•■ Ilcn^ 'laljle Governor and Councell of .State here to require them to appoint in 
place-- Convenient Iriferior Courts of Justice and Comicon''': for ye same. In obedience 
thereto Itt was ordered by the Governor and Councell on the 25 of June, 1642, that Corn- 
icon''' : should be appointed in every County for ye keeping of Monthly Courts w'-'^'' : hath 
been ever since continued and continued by Act of Assembly. And whereas by Act of 
Assembly bearing daie the second day of March i66i It was enacted that ye said Courts 
should contiime in ev-.;ry County as formerly And that the said Courts should Consist of Eight 
of ye must Honest and Juditious psons in ye County, w''' eight or any foure of them, where 
Allwaics one to be of ye Quorum, are to be Impowered by Comicon from ye Governor for 
the time being to act .\ccording to ye Lawes of England and this Country and to Impower 
them severally And out of Court to Act and doe all such things as by the Lawes of England 
are to be done by Justice of the peace there and that those psons see Commiconated take ye 
oathe of AUeagianst and .Supremacie, And tlie oath of a justice of the peace And that they 
be called Justices of \e peace, .\nd whereas by a I^ate order of ye Cienn" : Court, Itt was 
thought fitt and ordered for the better dispatch of all buiseness that two psons more Quallyfyed 
as aforesaid should be added to every Comicon, Now Know y--' th.^t I Sf William Berkeley 
Knt: Ciovernor and Capt. '^enn" : of Virgini.i out of the Conhdence and Experience I have 
of the true Loyaltie, abilitie. Justice and Integritie of you 1/ • : Co" : John Washington, 
Majr; William I'ierce, Majr: Isaac AUerton, Capt : John Lee, .Mr. John Appleton, Mr. 
John Lord, Capt. John Ashton, Capt. Thomas I'liilpott, Mr. William Storke, Mr. Robert 
Jadwin, have Assigned, .■\nd for the time Being A[ipointed you and ever)' one of you to be 
present Justices of ye i>eace of Westm''!and County, Giving and Granting unto you or any 
foure of you, whereof 1,:': Co'': John Washington, Major Wm. Fierce, Major Isaac Allerton, 
Capt. John Lee, Mr. lolm Appleton, and .\Ir. lolin Lord to aihvaies one full power and 
Auiboritie to heare and tletcrmine all suits and Controversies Between ptie and ptie Accord- 
ing to the severall Lawes of thi- Collonie with { osver likewise to you and every one of you 
to take deposicons .ind Examin.icons upon oath for the Clearing of the truth According to 
Law. And that you be cirefuU for ye Conservacon of the peace and the t^uiett Govern 
. . . and safetie of the peop.le, there residing or being. .And that you Keepe or cause to be 



OM Mr; 



.-:') 



SFXOND GENERATION. 69 

Kept all ortleri of couit ami pchunacons directed to you or comt-ing to yo'' hands from ye 
Governor and Councell and According to ye same and as neare as may be According to ye 
Lawes of England and this Country to Inllict jmnishment upon Oflenders and Delinguents 
and to Doe and Execute \^hatioever a Justice of the Peace or two or more fusticcs of ve 
peace may doe or Execute (such Oti'ences only Excepted) as conoerne taking Away Life or 
member, According to the Lawes of England and ibis Country. And further you are hereby 
required from time to time to Keepe or Cause ye Clearke of yo"" Court to Keepe Records of 
all Judgments and matters of Controversies decided and Agreed upon by you or any foure of 
you as aforesaid, And this Comicon to be inforced to all Intents and purposes untill I shall 
signylie ye Contrary under my hand and the scale of the Collony. Given under my hand 
and his Ma''^'*: seale of the Collonye this 29th day of M;irch, In ye yeare of our Lord 1672. 
Signed, etc. 

Among the Westmoreland records is an agreement, dated the 30th of 
March, 1670, between John Lee, Henry Corbin, Thomas Gerrard, and 
Isaac Allerton to buiid a banqueting hall at or near the head of Cherive's 
Creek, now called Jackson's, near the lines where their fotir estates cornered. 
This deed recites that eatli man or his heirs "shall yearly, according to his 
due course, make an honorable treatment, fit to entertain the undertakers 
thereof, their men, ma^^ters and friends yearly, and every year thereafter ; to 
begin on the 29th of May, 1671. Corbin first, Lee next, Gerrard next, 
Allerton next, the year round. Every four years to have a procession to 
every mari's land for re-marking and bounding by line-trees or other jiar- 
ticular divident or seat in which no course hath been taking by the County 
Court of Westmoreland. I'his for the better preservation of that friendship 
which ought to be between neighbors, that each man's line, wherever any 
one of. us is bounded, one upon another, may be re-ntarked and plainly set 
forth by trees," etc. 

This banqueting hall did not long remain a centre of colonial hos- 
pitality. For Richard Lee (in his will of 1 7 14) mentioned tlie " j)lace 
where the Banqueting house had formerly stood." It had evidently been 
destroyed by fire. The cabin of a negro family at i)rcsent occupies the 
position where it once stood. Xor did any of the four signers of this 
agreement long survive its enactment. Gerrard, Lee. and Corbin died a 
few years after its signing, and Allerton in 1702. 

John Lee died late in the fall of 1673. The last mention of him 
occurs in these records: In 1673, Col: John Washington, Capt : John 
Lee, William Traverson, \Villiam Moseley. and Roiiert I'everley were ap- 
pointed commissioners to arrange the boundary lines between Lancaster and 
Northmnberland Counties. The records of Westmoreland show that John 
Lee sat as a magistrate as late as the 25th of June, 1673 ; about the same 
date he was mentioned, as living, m a deed from his brother-in-law. 



.;.ri '^ri i 



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70 ;, LEE OK VIRGINIA. 

Thomas Youell. On the 19th of 9^^ 1675, the will of '• Thomas Garrard of 
Machotecks," &:c., was proven by the oaths of John Waugh, Major Isaac 
Allerton, and Caiit: John Lee. Isaac Allerton and John Lee owned a 
mill in partnership at Xominy ; under date of the 26th of August, 1674, 
Richard Lee sold his share in this mill to Allerton. The deed states 
that "Whereas it hath pleased God of late to take ye sd John Lee 
unto his mercy, by whose decease the moiety of ye sd two acres of 
Land together witli ye mill thereon erected descends unto me Rich : 
Lee," &c. 

An inventory of John's personal estate was ordered on the 25th of 
February, was dated the 2d of March, and filed by Richard Lee, as admin- 
istrator, on the 29th of April, 1674. This inventory contains some 
. very curious items, and altogether furnishes strong presumptive evidence 
that his was the home of a bachelor. The house was evidently a small 
one, the hall having been, as customary in those days, furni.shed as a sit- 
ting-room. In "ye Hall chamber" were found, beside its usual furni- 
ture, ' 16 iron bound shovells, 2 frying pannsj" in "ye parloure roome " 
(evidently also used as the dining rQom) were one " grey sute trinmied with 
silver Inittons," one pair of "gloves with silver topps," silver plate of 145 
ounces " habberdepoize." The books in •' ye studdy " were appraised at 
4,000 pounds of tobacco. In "' Capt ; Lee's chamber" were found "one 
pistoll, saddle and furniture for a horse,' six quarts of hominy, and six of 
"oyle." A storeroom, with ail the multitudinous articles needed on a 
large plantation, the blacksmith's shop, the tan-house, and other adjuncts 
of farm life, are named. In the "shoemaker's Shopp, William King, 3 
years to learn and his tooles," were only valued at 2.000 pounds. while'''the 
" Negro boy ffranke and Livery sute " were placed at 4,000. 

It may be of some interest to estimate the amount of land owned by 
John and later devised by Richard Lee. A fair estimate of the land owned 
by the Immigrant would place the acres at about 16,000. John received 
4,700 after his father's death ; it is, therefore, probable that Richard inher- 
ited about 20,000 acre>. 

l!y a comi)arison of several wills and otlier records it appears that the 
various old estates contained about the following number ot acres. In the 
case of .Stratford, it may be that Thomas Lee added to the original acreage. 
Mt. Pleasant. 2.600; Lee Hull, 2,600; Ditchley, 904; Cobb's Hall, 600; 
Stratford, 6,500. I'hilip Lee received probably 2.500 to 3.000 acres in Mary- 
land, and 4.000 were bequeathed to Richard's daughter, Ann Fitzhugh. 
The rest of Ric'uard'. e.-.tate was left in a body, to be divided between his 
four sons; the number of acres cannot be estimated. 






■I),"; :■, 1 



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SF.COND GF.XF.RATION'. 



Francis Lee. 



71 



Francis '■, the third son of Richard and Anna Lee, was probably 
born about the year 1648, and, from the data given here, it seems certain 
that he returned to England and died there in 1714. Francis was allowed 
the option, in his father's will, of remaining in England, if he so desired. 
The inference is that he was intended for a mercantile life. It is probable 
that he returned with his father to \'lrginia and went back to England, to 
establish himself in mercantile life, some years after his father's death. 
The Northumberland records contain a certificate from him, dated about 
1670, stating that a servant had " served his full tyme to the Estate of Col. 
Richard Lee and myself." A " Mr. Francis Lee " was Justice for Northum- 
berland in 1673. The Middlesex records give the following information 
concerning liim : 

Deed from Erasmus Welthers, Merchant, and Frances, hi^ wife, to 
•'Francis Lee of Buttolfe Lane, Merchant." Recorded 10 April, 1677. 

Deed from -'Francis Lee of Botolphe Lane in London, Cittizen and 
formerh' an inhabytant at Dividing Creeke in \'irginia." Recorded — April, 
1677. 

Power of attorney from '• Francis Lee, Cittizen and Merchant, of St. 
Dionis Backchurch, London," to William Churchill, of Middlesex, in Vir- 
ginia. Recorded 3d April, 1699. 

The following is an alistract of his will (kindly furnished by Mr. Wil- 
liam Blackstone Lee, of Seend. Wiltshire, England); 

P. P. C. I 7 14, -Ashton 224. Will dated 9 July, 1709 ; probated, Lon- 
don, 23 November, 1714. ffrancis Lee, of London, Merchant. I doe de- 
clare my sons Richard and Thomas Lee and niy daughter Anne, wife of 
Henry Watson, to be fully advanced. Yet nevertheless I doe give unto 
them 5_;^ a j-iece for mourning. L'nto m)- Plonoured ffriends Sir Jeffer\- 
Jefferies, Knight, and John JetTeries, Esqr., Rings. Unto my Nephew Rich- 
ard Lee, Merchant, and my ftViend Mr. Hanbury Walthall, of London, 
Haberdasher, Mourning. The Residue to my youngest son. Arthur Lee, 
his Executors. Administrators, and Assigns, at twenty one years. The said 
Richard Lee and John Hanbury \\''althall to be Executors in trust for said 
Arthur. They shall during his Minority Loan out the Moneys not ex- 
pended in his Education and Maintenance for the increase of his ffortune. 
To my eldest Brother Richard Lee, Mourning. Witness. Edwd. Gilbert, 
Ser. , Tho. Reason, Wni. Hodgdin. 

23 Nov. I 714. Kmanavit Connnissio .Vrthuro Lee filio et Legatario 
Residuario ffrancisci Lee nuper Sancti Dionysii Backchurch, London, Mer- 



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72 LF.E OF VIRGINIA. 

catorio defuncti justa tenorem Tcstamcnti (eo quod Ricliardus Lee et Han- 
bury Walthall Executors oneri reiuuitiaverint. ) 

The register of St. Dionis IJackchurch has the following entries : 
Abigail, daughter of Mr. Francis and Tamar Lee, Merchant, born and 
baptised, 9 July, 1694. John, son of Mr. Francis Lee, Merchant, buried in ye 
Great Vault, 9 June, 1694. Mrs. Tamar Lee, wife of Mr. Francis Lee, Mer- 
chant, buried in ye Great Vault, i May, 1694-5. Tamar, daughter of Mr. 
Francis Lee, Merchant, buried in Ye Great Vault, 18 January, 1 699-1 700. 
Mr. Francis Lee, Merchant, buried in Ye Great Y'ault in the Chancel, 19 

Nov. 1 714. 

Captain William I,ee. v o^ri 

William '\ the fourth son of Richard and Anna Lee, was born about 
165 I ; was named in his father's will as one of the "five younger children," 
and the fast of them mentioned. Ihider date of the 35th of February, 
1673-4, "Mr. Wm. Lee, aged about twenty yeares," made a deposition 
that " Mr. Rich: Cole did according to my apprehension of his words freely 
consent and agree to runn w'^-Jno: W"* ^ of Ragged Poynt in my Bro""'- 
pasture ye Raue w='"-by agreem' betwene ye sd Cole and Williams was to 
have bin on Machoatic Roade." Under date of "Aug"- ye 26th 1674," 
Richard Lee wrote •' bro : W'": " a letter requesting him to acknowledge a 
deed for him, vS:c., therefore William must have been over 21 at that date. 

He was living as late as June, 1681, as mentioned by William Fitzhugh ; 
from the records of Northumberland it is learned that Bartholomew 
Schrcver and Mary, his wife, the executrix of Capt. William Lee, deceased, 
executed a deed on the i6th of February, 1697 ; in the same year Schrever 
made payments on the estate of William Lee. Fie died, therefore, prior to 
February, 1697-S. This Mary Schrever, his executrix, was either his 
widow or his daughter; probably the latter. In either case it may be in- 
ferred that he left no male heirs. Indeed, the following abstract is proof 
of this interence : 

In an application for land Richard Lee stated that " George Col- 
clough, Gent., owned the tract of land called Bishop's Neck by a patent of 
3d of April, 165 I, and died without will or heirs when the land escheated ; 
that Richard Lee, deceased, father of the said Richard Lee, had died seized 
of the land (and was presumed to have had a title, though evidence does 
not remain), and by his will of the otli February, 1663, gave this land to 
his son Williani Lee. but without any words of inheritance,' who held the 

' Evidently refers to decisions of the English courts, that unless there were words of perpetuity added 
to 3l devise of land, the devisee would" only have an est.ite fjr life, .ind that the fee would descend to the 
heir-at-law. 



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SECOND GF.NF.RA'HON. 



73 



land until his deaih, and that i'aitholomcw Schrevcr, o( Xorlhuaibeiiand 
County, now holds the land under a devise ot" the said William Lee, who 
clearly had a title only for lite ; and that the land is now due to the said 
Richard Lee, the younger, as heir-at-law of his father, Richard Lee, de- 
ceased." 

To William Lee was devised by his father's will " all that land on the 
Maryland side whereon George English is now seated." The tract, called 
" Bishop's Xeck," was a part of the general bequest to the three younger sons, 
and was situated at Dividing Creeks. The records of Northumberland show 
that William Lee was a Burgess in 16S0-93, and a Justice in 1690. 

Bishop Meade has mentioned a tankard, "The gift of Bartholomew 
Shriver, who died in 1720, and of Bartholomew, his son, who died in 1727, 
for the use of the parish of Great Wycomico, in the county of Northum- 
berland, 1728." — {0/</ Ciiurchcs, Families, c^v., //. /J-/.) 

The will of Bartholomew Schrever (dated the 21st of March, 1720), 
mentioned his wife Mary and son Bartholomew ; left "' 5 /^ to Wicomico 
Church, to be used towards buying Communion plate;" also \0j[^ to buy 
" tenn " mourning rings; for Mr. Richard Lee, Mr. Charles Lee and v/ife, 
Mr. Thomas Waddy and wife, Mr. Thomas Heath and wife, for " sister 
Bol," and for Sam'l Heath and wife. Residue of his estate to his son. 

Bartholomew Schrever, Jr. (will dated 14 December, i 727 ; probated 
in April, 172S), gave 25^" to Mary Heath, daughter of his brother Sam'l 
Heath, to be paid when 16, or at marriage, whichever should first happen ; to 
Eli; t\\\, daughter of his dec'd brother, Thomas Heath, also 257? on same 
terms; To Wicomico Church, _^5 to be added to the ^'5 already given by 
his tather ; 50 acres of land to his brother, Sam'l Heath. Residue of 
estate to the lawful male issue of his daughter, I^lizabeth. In default of 
such issue, the estate to pass to brother, Sam'l Lleath. who was appointed 
sole executor. (North'd County Records.) 

Elizabeth - and Anne '\ Of the two daughters of Col. Richard Lee, 
there are only data concerning one, Anne. *' Thomas Youell of Nominy in 
Ye County of Westmoreland and Anne Youell, wife of Ye s'^ Thomas, one of 
ye daughters of Coll: Rich'^ Lee late of Stratford Langthorn in Ye Co: of 
Essex deceased," executed a deed of release unto "John Lee of Lower 
^L^chotocks in Ye Comity of Westmoreland son and heir ajjparent and one 
of Ye Exe's of Ye afr^'': Rich"^: Lee deceased" in which they relinquished 
all claim to any share in the estate of Col. Richard Lee. Dated 23d June, 
1673. The will of " Cai^ain Thomas Youell of the parish of Cople, 
^^'estmoreland, Gentleman," named wife Anne, daughter Winifred English 



' 'lod^^-i 



'.I , V. ':.'.''.i''n 

: • ('-Tf..!'.) 



•':■■■>/./ 



(.'A 



74 IKE OF VIRGIN' I A. 

and her s'mi Vouell Kni;lish, daughter \Vatts and her son Youell Watts, 
daughter Spence and lier son Youell Spence. Dated 7tli December, 1694; 
probated, Westmoreland, 29th May, 1695. 

Having given all the data to be found concerning those children of 
Colonel Richard Lee, who did not apparently leave any male issue in 
America, the three sons, uho have been proven to have left male issue, will 
be taken up seriatim. As each of these three sons has left a distinct male 
line, they will be sketched separately; thus avoiding confusion where simi- 
lar names occur so frequently in each line. These three lines are called : 

i, The Stratford. Including the descendants of Richard and Ljetitia 
(Corbin) Lee, wh.ich embraces the Lees of Westmoreland, Stafford, 
Prince William, Loudoun, etc., in Virginia^ and those of Maryland. 
ii, The Ditchley. Ein])racing all the descendants of Hancock Lee. 
iii, The Cobbs Hall. Embracing the descendants of Charles Lee. 

STRATFORD LIN?:, SF.COND GENERATION. 
Colonel Richard Lee. 

2. Richard ^ the second son of Richard and Anna Lee, was the eldest 
son to leave male issue in A'irgiiiia ; he was born in 1647, most probably at 
" Paradise," in Gloucester County, and died on the 12th of March, 1714, 
at his home, " Mt. Pleasant," in ^VestmoreIand. As mentioned previously, 
this estate, consisting of about 2,600 acres, had been bequeathed by the 
Immigrant to his eldest >on. John, and N\as inherited by Richard as heir-at- 
law to their father. 

An old rnanuM ripl has stated that " the eldest of the two sons [of the 
Innnigraiu] afterwards removed to Westmoreland and established himself at 
' Mt. Pleasant' on th.e River Potomac. The large brick house, largely 
inclosed by a brick wall, was burned down and another was built on the 
surrounding heights of tlie Potomac." The date of this fire is not known, 
but it mu.st have occurred between 1716 and 1730. Thomas Lee obtained 
a lease of this estate in 17 16, and ap[.arently lived there until he built the 
Stratford mansion. It seems likely that the loss by fire, mentioned by Wil- 
liam Lee, occurred at " Mt. Pleasant." not at Stratford, as has been gener- 
ally supposed. Tiiere is no record of a' fire ever having occurred at the 
latter place ; while frequent mention hxs been made " of the burnt house 
fields," at the foruier, evidently siiownig that the fire there had been so 
serious that the field had been named as a record of the disaster. The new 



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i^g**'-'!tSiiA''anva 






STKATfORD LINK, SECOND GF.NKRA IION. 75 

ho'ise, built further back from the river and uiJuii higher ground, was 
probably erected by George Lee when he came from England to settle in 
Virginia. It, too, has been burned. The present proprietor of " Mt. 
Pleasant" b.as built a very handsome mansion, not far from the old "Lee 
Hall," in all respects a complete and elegant house, with the most modern 
improvements. It is a pleasure to see an old estate, now past its two hun- 
dredth year, so well kept up, and still the seat of good old Virginia hos- 
]>itality. 

Richard Lee was educated at Oxford, and may have studied law at one 
of the London '-Inns," but of this nothing i.-^ known. "He was so 
clever," said his grandson, "that some great men offered to promote him 
to the highest digniiies in the Church if his Father would let him stay in 
England; but thi> offer was refused, as the old Gentleman was determined 
to fix all his cliildren iri Virginia. . . . Richard spent almost his whole life 
in study, and usually wrote his notes in Greek, Hebrew, or Latin . . . ; 
so that he neither diminished nor improved his paternal estate. . . . He 
was of the Council in Virginia and also other offices of honor and profit, 
though they yielded little to him." 

A complete record of Richard's official positions is not obtainable, but 
sufficient dat.a have been found to make it highly probable that he held 
imjiortant posts almost continuously from about 1675 to his death. He was 
certainly a member of the Council in 1676, 16S0-S3-8S, 1692-9S, and 
there does not appear to be any reason against the supposition that he was 
a member at later dates. ^ He was a Burgess in 1677, and probably earlier. 
In a list of officers, dated on the Sth of June, 1699, it was stated that 
" Richard Lee, Ksqr., had been appointed by Sir Edm : Andros, Governor, 
iS,:c., to be xVaval Oft'icer and Receiver of Mrginia l.)utys for the River 
rotomac, in which is included U'estmorelaiid, Northumberland, and 
Stafford Counties." In 16S0 mention was made of "Coll: Richard Lee, 
of the Horse in ye Counties of Westmoreland, Northuinl^erland, and 
Stafford." 

In a letter, dated the loth of June, 1691, Governor Nicholson reported 
to the English government that Richard Lee, Isaac Allerton, and John 
Arnn'stead, out of a scruple of conscience, had refused to take the oaths 
and had in consequence been dropped from the Council (Sainsbury's Ah- 
strac/s). This scru[>le of conscience arose from their attachment to the 
Stuarts, and was a refusal to acknowledge the claim of \\'illiam and Mary 
to the throne of England. Richard Lee apparently changed his mind, for 
he was soon after restored 'to his place in the Council. 

'II lienin^, 5''3, l<'-<)\ III Hening. 557, I ia Cal. Siate Pafifrs, 31, 85. 



76 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Naihaiiiel Bacon, jr.. " ih-,- first \'irginia rebel," as he has been called, 
issued a lengthy proclamation, in the name of "ye People, "giving a list ot' 
grievances of "ye Commonality" against Governor Berkeley and his 
faction. The proclamation concludes in these words: "And we doe 
further declare these ye ensueing p'sons in this list to haue beene his wicked 
and pernicious councell" Confederates, aiders and assisters ag' ye Common- 
ality in these our Civill coniotions." Then follows a list of some sixteen 
prominent men, among them Philip Ludwell, John Page. Christopher 
Wormeley, Robert Ueveriey, Richard Lee, and others of like standing ; all 
of whom were ordered to surrender themselves or be seized as " Trayters to 
ye King and Country" (Xeil, Fa. Carolorum, 365), 

In a report to the English government (under date of the 15th of 
March, 1677-8) of those who had suffered by Bacon's rebellion, this v^- as 
given : " Major Richard Lee, a Loyall Discreet Person worthy of the Place 
to which hee was lately advanced of being one of his Majesties Council in 
Virginia, and as to his loses wee are credibly informed the\' were verv great 
and that hee was Imprisoned by Bacon above seaven weekes together at 
least 100 miles from his owne homo whereby hee received great Prejudice 
in his health by hard usage and very greatly in his whole Estate bv his 
absence." 

In a letter to the justices of the Westmoreland Court, recorded on the 
15th of .-Vugust, 1677, he mentions his imprisonment and laments his poor 
health. "About this time twelve month, some three or four days before I 
was taken prisoner," and adds that he had not been " soe well in health as 
I could wish." 

Beverley, the historian, mentions that " Col. Richard Lee, one of the 
Council, a Man of Note and an Inhabitant of the Xorthern Xeck, privately 
made a Composition with the Proprietors [of the Northern Neck] for his 
own Land. This broke the Ice and several were induced to follow so great 
an Example " (^History of I'itxiju'a, London, 1722, p. 84). 

Patents for land in Virginia, were at first granted by the governor as 
representative of the Crown ; later, when parts of Virginia had been given 
to certain Lords, favorites of the King, the settlers were rcijuired to pay the 
fees formerly due the Crown to the agents of these Proprietors. These 
grants to Proprietors caused much dissatisfaction in Virginia ; it is this that 
Beverley refers to in the above (Quotation. By marriage with a daughter of 
Lord Cul['eper, the prop»rietorship of the Northern Neck ]ia.-sed into the 
possession of Thomas, 6th, Lord Fairfax. 

Governor .Spotswood described Richard Lee. as "a gentleman of as 
fair character as any in the country for his exact justice, honesty and unex- 






•1 I '• 



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STRATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 77 

ccptional loyalty. In all the stations wherein he has .served in this govern- 
ment, he has behaved himself with great integrity and sufficiency ; and when 
his advanced age would no longer permit him to execute to his own satis- 
faction the duty of Naval Officer of the same district, I thought I could not 
better reward his merit than by bestowing that employment on his son." 
(i Spotsivood, 17S.) 

Richard Lee married (it is said in 1674). I>aUitia. the elde.t daughter 
of Henry Corbin, and Alice Eltonhead, his wife ; Lxnitia was born in 1657, 
and died on the 6th of October, 1706. Their tombstone is still to be seen 
at "Mt. Pleasant;" it is a very large slab of hard white marble. The 
inscription has been almost effaced, which is not to be wondered at, as it 
has been exposed to the weather for almost one hundred and eighty years. 
It rested on a knv brick foundation, which has partially fallen. The wall, 
which once surrounded this graveyard, can now be traced by removing a 
little earth; it enclosed a lot of about 20x25 feet, and was located some 
three hundred yards in the rear of the first mansion. Some bricks, scattered 
about, indicate where the old house once stood, and some remains of an old 
orchard are to be found. 

Bishop Meade visited this spot many years ago, and wrote of it : ' 
" From a tombstone in the Burnt House Fields, at Mount Pleasant, West- 
moreland county, where are yet to be seen the foundations of large build- 
ings, are the following:" 

Hie conditur corpus Richardi Lee, Armigeri, nati in Virginia, filii Richard! Lee, gene- 
robi, et antiqua familia, in Merton-ReKis, in comitatu Salopiensi, oriundi. 

In magistratum obeundo boni publici studio^^issimi, in Uteris Gnccis el Lalir.is et alns 
hunianioris literatiir.e diiciplinis versatissinii. 

Deo, quern, summa obser%-antia semper co'.uit, animam tranquillui reddidit XIL mo. die 
Martii, anno MDCCXIV, xtat LXVIIL 

Hicjuxta.situm est corpus Latiti.>- ejuidem uxoris hd.c, f.li.e Ilenrici Corbyn. genero.i, 
libcrorum m.atris am.-intissim.c, pietate erga Deum, charitate erga egenos, bcnigmtate erga 
omnes insignis. Obiit Octob. die vi, MUCCVR ivtatis XLIX. 

"Translated, it reads: 

" Here lietlithe l^dvof Richard Lee, Esq., born in Virginia. =on of Richard Lee.Gent'e- 
man, descended of an ancient family of MertonRegi., in Shropshire. Wliile lie exercsed 
the office of magistrate he %vas a zealous promoter ot the public good. He uas very skdlful 
in the Greek and Latin languages and other parts of polite learning. He qmetly resigned 
his soul to God, whom he always devoutly worshiped, on the 12th day of March, m the 
year 1714, in the 6J>th year of his age. 



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78 IFF, OF VIRC.IXIA. 

" Near by is interred t!ie lx_>dy of L^ititia, his faithful wife, dauc;hi.er of Henry Corbyn, 
Gentleman. A most affectionate mother, she was also distinguished by piety toward God, 
charity to the poor, and kindness to all. She died on the 6th day of OcLol>er, 1706, in th.e 
49th year of her age." ' 

This biirying Lcround wa.s cerlainly used for several genoraiions as tlie 
family burying place. Thomas Lee in 1749, Arthur Lee in 1793, and 
Richard Henry Lee in 1794, all desired to be buried there. .\t present 
only the one tombstone is to be seen ; but Mrs. Charles Calvert Stuart, 
who visited the spot many years ago, has stated tliat she looked over the 
brick wall and that the lot was then full of graves. 

In the inscrijition on the silver cup which he presented to his college, 
John Lee stated that his faniil\- came originally from "Morton-Regis," in 
Shropshire. On Richard's tonibstone, as ju^t quoted, this place was spelt, 
" Merton-Regis." It is certainly reasonable to assume that both brothers 
referred to the same place. I'ut what place? There has been considerable 
speculation on this point. Mr. J. Henry Lea, alread}' so frequently quoted, 
thinks " Nordley-Regis," an old seat of the (^"oton branch, was the ])lace 
referred to. Tliis view is sup])orted by the fact that Eyton, in his history 
of Shropshire, suggests the i)ossibility of ••the vill of Morton " having 
been intended for Nordley. In one of the Harleian MSS. Nordley is 
called " Mordlev." 

On the other hand, others, among them Mr. Geofge William Montague, 
think " Merriton," as given on Camden's map of 1695, was the place. 
Mr. Montague quotes Camden : "At Langley in Shropshire, one mile from 
the castle of Acton-Burnel, lowly situated in a woody park, is the seat of 
the Lees, one of the most ancient and honoral)le families in these parts." 
],angley was south ot the city of Shrewsbury, near Condover. Within the 
himdred of Shrc^vsbury, arid a few miles noith o\ the city, was the village 
of Merton, s[)elled Merriton on Camden's map of 1695. Near this village 
was an ancient --^eat of the Lee.-., named Lea H.dl. As to tl;e various 
spellings, Mr. Montague says: " Iloth were correct at the time. The mode 
of spelling wa.s a matter of no significance provided the initial letter of the 
word remained imchanged " 

It is worthy of notice that John located his later home in \'irginia by 
naming the nearest jiarish church " Wickacomoco." 

Richard L-'e's will, dated 3d of March, 1714; probated, W'estniore- 
land, 27th of April, 17 15, was as follows: 

' NoTB. Deposilions, con'.eriiin;; the r.unc\ipative will of C:);'!.uri ffcnrj' Creyk, who died .it Col. 
Richard Lee's on the Potonur, w^re ma !r on the (th of Sept , t'-<^. by l.ettice Lee. ;it;-"d ro years, and 
Matilda Lee, agej ;o yr.us Lettc* was iini'.oiibtedty K ichard Lec'^ wife ; but who was MatiMa Lee ,' 



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MRS. rUCHARD LEU. 



STRATFORD LINE, .sECOXU GENERATION'. 79 

In the name of God Amen. I Richard Lee of Cople parish' in the County of West- 
moreland & Colony of V'irginia being weak of body but of sound & perfect sencc & memory 
(blessed be God for it) doe make & ordaine &. declare this to be my last Will & Testament 
in manner & form following hereby revoking iS: making void all former Wills & Testaments 
by me made dated in Virginia this third day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and fourteen, and in the first year of the reign of our Soveraign Lord King 
George over Great Britaine &c. Imprimis I bequeath my Soul unto God thai gave it me 
hoping by his infinite mercy ^; by niy dear Saviour Jesus Christ his intercession & the merits 
of his passion it shall at the last day be reunited to my body and glorified and I will that 
my body have Christian i decent burial in my garden by or near the body of my dear wife 
deceased. Item I will that all my just debts be truly paid tV as for my goods with which it 
hath pleased my good God to bless me beyond any desert of mine I give & bequeath them 
together with my lands as follows (vig'.) Item I give to my eldest son Richard & bis heirs 
forever 2600 acres of land in Cople parish in Westmoreland being the land whereon I now 
live & to include my next quarter with all the low land and bounded as follows : Beginning 
at my landing upon a branch of Machotique river near the mouth of a creek which makes 
the head of the sd. branch, being the beginning of a patent for 1000 acres of land granted 
to my honoured father dec'd. in the year 1650 and from my said landing extending up the 
sd. creek or head of the Eastermost branch of the Machotique river which divides this land 
from the land of Col. Willoughby Allerton reduced to a strait line East South East 500 poles 
to the West side of Peccatoncs held to a locust post which stands by or nigh the place 
where the Banquetting house fonnerly stood and from hence South South West 640 poles 
thence the same cours 16 poles to the corner thence East South East 80 poles thence South 
by East 120 poles to the road that leads to Flints mill or very near it thence South five 
degrees East SS poles to a stone which lies in the sd. road from thence West South West to 
a marked hickory tree (being a corner tree dividing this land from some land I doe by this 
Will give to ray son Henry) from the aforementioned stone 162 poles & from thence along 
the sd. dividing line North 18 degrees West 410 poles from thence North North East 162 
poles to a locust post standing to the northward of the main road which this line has crossed 
40 jxiles thence West North West to the cross roads at the white oak thence along the ror.d 
leading to my house North 41 degrees East 40 poles thence North 16 degrees East 30 poles 
and North 19 degrees East 36 poles thence West North West 30 poles to a branch & down 
it to a locust post & thence West 14 poles to another locust post, being the beginning of the 
aforementioned dividing line between my two sons Richard e^: Henry, and from thence West 
North West 300 poles to a corner lic thence North North East to Machotique river lV thence 
down that river to the first mentioned Eastennost branch On: up that to the beginning at my 
landing. Item I give to my son Phillip Lee & to his heirs forever all my right title & claim 
to a tract of land at Cedar point in Maryland called Lee's purchase late in the possession of 
Phillip Lynes and for which I have been at law some time but in case neither I in my life 
time nor my son Phillip afterwards doe recover the possession of the sd. tract of land then 
& in such case only my will is that my son> Richard Francis Thomas & Henry doe pay to 
my sd. son Phillip one hundred and thirty pounds that is to say my son Richard thirty 
jxiunds my son Francis thirty [xjunds my jon Thomas forty pou;ids my son Henry thirty 
pounds. Item I give to my son Phillip and his heires forever a tract of land in Dorchester 



'At this date WcstnioreUnd County was divided into two parishes: Cople, in the lower part, and 
Washington, in the upper part. Cople Pari«h had two churches, Yeoconiico and Nominy ; Washington 
Parish contained three churchc;. Round Hill, Old Pope's Creek, and Leeds, or Bray's. 



I-EE OK VIRGINIA. 



Countyonthe Kaste:u.hoar in Maryland and on the Xonh West fork of Na„ticoke river con 
taunng 13,30 acres more or less cmd bounded as follows Be^inninfr ^t fh . , c 

larger dividend of k.nd I have there hein, a .arked l.c;o;^^:::d^ ' X^:;: i^ 
ork of Na,u.coke .^ from E. by N. halfe No... 349 poles thence South o pole t i ce ^a^ 
22S poles thence South .So Do. East 4.0 poles thence South .74 poles thenceW I s ^ 

.5 degrees ^^ .iS poles thence W. by S...X4 poles to the river or fork side wh eh Hne div dt 

n.) now seated plantat.on in two parts .^ from thence up the said river or fo.k its s ve a 

curses to the beg.nn.ng. Iteu> I give to my son Francis and the heires n.ale of hi " d 

aw uHyegotten forever all my lands .. tenements in Cdou.e.ter County called Paradice and 

' '^'^'^,>,^y°""^ and for de.ault of .uch issue then & in such case I give the said land t; 
myson Phdhp ^ hi. heires forever. Item I give to myson Thomas anAis heir t :^^ 
my lands tn the County of Northumberland at or near the dividing creeks Iten. I giv to 
my son Phomas & h.s heires forever the residue of all my lands in the North ^^ t^rk If 
Nant.coke rn-er „> Dorchester County in the Province of Marvland, adiov-.. to | ^H^l 
^ tZ fZT' "" ""I'ip being in two parcells .. containing r^ir^'aLs mor; or 
le.s. Item I gne to u>y son Henry .V las he.res forever the residue of all my lands in Cople 
pansh m ^^estmoTd. County, adj.yning to a tract of land of .6co acres here before given to 
myson R:chard and divided therefrom by dividing lines which I have caused Mr ^homls 
1 hompson the Surv, your to make. Iten. I give to my daughter Ann Fit.hugb all'my ri^ht 
de and clam, to a tract of Land of 4000 acres in Stafford County pattented b mv ho ou^ed 
father deceased wh.ch said land I give to my daughter Ann X: her heires forev;. Item I 
give to my son Francis all the cattle ^ hoggs & horses & mares which belon.^s to rne & shall 
be found on my Paradice plantation in Cdo.ter County at the day of nrv death. Item I give 
to my eldest son Richard Lee eight cowes .V calves wh.ch he or his order mav chase out of 
my s 0CI..S on th,s & my ne.t quarter plantation with one fifth part of the hoggs that shall be 
found at both these places at the day of my death. Item I give unto myson.-, Phillip Thomas 
& Henry all rest .V residue of my stocks of cattle hoggs horses and mares which shall be 
found upon any of my plantations or that doe belong to me at the day of my dead, and arc 
not be.ore disposed of by th:s will, to be equally divided betwixt them three. Item I ^ive to 
myson I h.ll.p these negroes (vig't.) Judith Somebody .^ Lawrence at home Harry Alice 
Sambo .V Susan, Marion's girl at my next quarter, with Carpenter Jack .V Ralph at the 
La^tern :,hoar._ Item I give to myson Fr..ncis these negroes ,vig't:, liettv ludith Peter 
Lettice Dick Norman Charles Tony Alice Nan A: Isabel at Paradice with s'ambo at home 
Item I give to my son Thomas the.e negroes (vig't.) Susan Tom Natt Young Pegg Doctor Bab 
Nannebetty* g.rl at horn., Charles at dividing creek with Mole x\an Ben & Numa at my 
next quarter. Item I give to my son Henry these following negroes (vig't.) Betty Pbill 
Harry V Sarah Beck's children Prue Betty's girl .^ Ned all at home Sharp at Ea.tenf Shoar 
& W.l Sarah Jack .v Prank Nans children .^ George .^ D.ana at my next quarter. Item 
My will ,s that where I have given any females to any of my sons that to such respective 
son I give the increase of such female whether born before or after the making of this will 
and not given particularly in tin., wH! or delivered into the possession of .anv of my sons 
or daughter before the making of th.s will. Bern I give to mv son Hen'rv old Be. 

Pn Ihp .^ Thoma.s my lutle Shallop & furnhure. Item I give to mv sons Francis Thomas 
^ Henry al the .sheets & table linnen .„nv in my hou.e that is marked nith one or both 
letters of the.r names and to each of t!,em one ,ioz : new plates .^ four sizable di.he. all 



fjn'^K!'-' ai 



STKATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 8l 

of j>e-.vter. Item I give to iny sons Irancis and Ilenr)' the standing beds and furniture in the 
hall chamber. 

Item I give to my daugluer Ann Fitzhugli Tony and Kate negroe cliildren which I have 
put into her possession whicli with what 1 had before given her I give her as her filial por- 
tion. Item I give to my sons Phillip Frr.ncis Thnmas and Henry all and every portion of 
my real and personal estate that is not by this Will already given to be equally divided be- 
tween them each to have one fourth part. Item my will is that my estate remain undivided 
for one year after my death the negroes to work upon the lands they v.-ork on at tlie time of 
my death and if my executors hereafter named in Virgiiiia think it convenient that my 
estate remain in the same state for one year longer I doe hereby will the same and that such 
of the Tobacco made upon my plantations by my negroes during they are undivided as is titt 
for the London markett be consigned to my son Richard Lee in London and the remainder 
of the cropps to be disposed of in such markett^ as my Virginia Ex's thinks htt my will and 
desire being that the whole produce of my negroes crops dureing the afores'd time be carr'd 
to the joynt acco't of my sons Phillip Francis Thomas and Henry and equally divided 
amonst them except what is necessary in the discretion of my Ex'rs for the use of my plan- 
tations and my will and de^iie is that noe part of my estate be appraised or valued and I doe 
hereby constitute and appoint my son Rich'd Lee Merch't in London and my sons Thomas 
and Henry Lee in Virg'a my K.x"rs of this my last Will and Testament. In witness v/hereof 
I have hereunto sett my hand and seale and published the same my last Will and Testament 
the day and yeare first menconed in the same. 

Though no mention is made in this will of the furniture, books, por- 
traits, and other household effects, it is probable they were all inherited by 
the eldest son. An inventory of the personal projjerty, mentions " in the 
hall, Richard Lee's picture, frame and curtain, G. Corbin's picture, the 
Quaker's picture, T. Corbin's picture." Among some silver were "six 
large spoons, marked si[uirrel." In the library, a large number of volumes 
were named, among them the best authors of Roman, Grecian, and French 
literature, volumes of sermons, treatises on history, law, religion, medicine, 
botany, agriculture, and kindred subjects.' 

Richard and I.x-titia (Corbin) I,ee had seven children, whose names 
are given in his will (with one exception). They were: 

i, John', The parish register of old Christ church, Lancaster, records the 

baptism of '■ John Lee, son of Major Richard Leo and Mad'm Lettice, 

his wife, on the 3rd day of Xber, 167S." As no such son was named 

in his father's will, he probably died in infancy, 
ii, Richard', See 3. p 91 
iii, Philip', See 4. r .-^ 
iv, Francis ', nothing is known of his life, excepting the mere mention of 

him in the wills of his fatlicr, brother and nejihcw. He was living as 

late as 1749, for his nephew mentioned him, at that date, as being 



5 A full list of this library iii.iy be found in ihr H'liliant anJ Mary CoUiQe ijuurta-iy, II, 147, el se 



■>: -. ^ ! <:: 



■'■■■ ' ]■■ (. I .. 






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82 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

"now ill possession " of his estate, Paradise. He left no male heirs, 
for his brother, Philip Lee, of Maryland, willed the reversion to Fran- 
cis' estate to his own sons, thus: To "sons, Thomas and Richard and 
their heirs forever, to be equally divided between them, that tract of 
land in Gloucester county, Paradise ; the reversion left me by my de- 
ceased father, Col. Richard Lee, of Virginia." One of these sons, 
Thomas (in his will, dated in Aui^ust, 1749) bequeathed his "moiety 
of a tract of land lying in Virginia, called Paradise, now in the pos- 
session of Francis Lee, left me l)y my honored father, Philip Lee, 
Esquire, to my son Thouias Sim Lee, and my daughter Sarah Brook 
Lee." Probably Francis never married; at any rate he had no male 
heirs as late as 1749, or the reversion to his estate could not have 
been devised. 
V, Thomas ', Sees, i-ic^ 

vi, Henry', See 6. .■ m 

vii, AxN", born ; died in 1732; was twice married; first, to Col. 

William Fitzhugh,, o( "Eagle's Nest," King George county, by 
whom she had one son and two daughters: i, Henry Fitzhugh, born 

; died the 6th of December, 1742; married Lucy, daughter of 

Robert Carter, of " Corotoman," and left issue ; amongst otliers, a 
daughter, "Betsy," Ikto the 20th of April, 1731, and married, on the 
1 2th of J'ebruary, 1747, Benjamin Grymes ; they had a daughter who 
was twice married; first to William Randolph, and next, to Col. Wil- 
lian) K. Meade, and was the mother of the Rev. William Meade, 
Bishop of the Episcopal Church in Virginia. His son, William Fitz- 
hugh of "Chatham." born the 24th of August, i 741 ; died some years 
after tlie Revolutionary war ; was a near neighbor and trusted friend 
of Wa-^lnngton ; he maviied Anne, only daughter of Peter and Lucy 
(Boiling) Randolph, of " Chatsworth," Henrico county, and left two 
daughters and one son; the eldest, Anne, married Judge William 
Craik' of .NLiryland ; the second, Mary, married George Washington 
Parke Custis, of Arlington, and was the mother of Mary Anne Ran- 
dolph Custis, who married Robert Edward Lee; the son, William 
Henry Fitzhugh, oi " Ravensworth," Fairfax county, married on the 
loth of January. 1814, Anna Maria Sarah, second daughter of the 
Hon. Charles Go!(Ls!)orough (born 15th July, 1765; died 13th De- 



1 The Hon. Wilh^m Cr.uk wjs ihr eklcst M>n of Dr. James an.i Mariamne (Ewel!) Cmlk ; Dr. Craik 
born in Sc .tlari.t ibuut i;jo; cxmc lo Virginia in 1750; served on th? expedition of C.e.n.-rat' Bra.l'.iock ; 
1 lifc-lon,; frie.-.; of Wasl.in^ton, o-M or-.r of I.;, pl.y.lcians .lurirg Ms bst ilJ.u.s. He died in Fairf-ix 
county the 6 th of February, 1; s ( iH^yricr., '.a. (,fnc.t!.:;us, 3<i .) 



WSIS 

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STRATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 83 

cembcr, 1S34), and Elizabeth Goldsborough, his first wife; Mrs. Fitz- 
hugh was born the 15th of November, 1796; died in April, 1S74, 
wit"hout issue, when the estates passed to the children of ^Iv. Fitzhugh's 
niece, Mrs. Robert K. Lee. 2, Lettice Fit/.hugh, born the 15th of 
July, 1707 ; died the loth of February, 1732 5 married, on the i6th of 
March, 1727, George Turberville, of '' Hickory Hill," Westmoreland; 
apparently left no issue. 3, Sarah Fitzhugh, who married, on the 5th 
of January, 1736, Edward Barradall, once attorney-general and judge 
of the Admiralty Court of Virginia. 

Second marriage of Ann Lee : After the death of Col. William 
Fitzhugh, which occurred about 1 713-14, his widow married Captain 
Daniel' McCarty, of "the Parish of Cople in the Co: of West'd 
Esq^ ." He was born in 1679 ; died the 4th of May, 1724, ^is tomb 
is still to be seen at old Yeocomico Church ; Captain McCarty was 
Burgess, Justice and Sheriff for Westmoreland; in 1715-20, he was 
Speaker of the Assembly. Ann (Lee-Fitzhugh) McCarty in her will 
(dated the 7th of November, 1728; probated at Westmoreland, the 
31st of May, 1732) mentioned her son, Col. Henry Fitzhugh, her 
brother-in-law Henry Fitzhugh, her brothers, Thomas, Henry, and 
Richard Lee, her daughter Lettice, also Elizabeth, daughter of Major 
John Fitzhugh, her sons, BiUington and Thaddeus McCarty, also her 
"daughter Sarah Fitzhugh, Col. John 'I'ayloe, and Sarah Beale. She 
appointed her son, Henry Fitzhugh, and her brothers, Thomas and 
Henry Lee, her executors. To her son, Henry, she left her " grand- 
father Corbyn's wedding ring." (Hayden, Va. Gemahgus, ^6, S-j.) 

THE CORBIN FAAHLY. 

Arms : Sable, ou a chief or, three ravens, proper. 
The records of the " College of Arms" at London mention that one 
" Robert Corbin gave lands to the Abbey of Ealesworth between the years 
I and 7 Henry H., A. D. 1154-61." From this Robert, the record con- 
tinues ten generations to one "Nicholas Corbin seized of Hall End and 
other Lands in the County of Warwick {jure uxoris), 1 Richard HL, and 
14 Henry VIIL" Four generations afterwards is found, " Thomas Corbin 
of Hall End aforcs'd, born 24 May, 1594; died in June, 1637, bur'd at 
Kingswinford." This Thomas married in 1620, Winefred, daughter of 
Gawen Grcsvenor, of Sutton Colfield co. Warwick. From this union, sprang 
Henry Corbin, the progenitor of the Virginia family ; he was the third son, 
was born in 1629 (according to an aftidavit), and died in Virginia, on the 
Sth of Jaiiuarv, 1675. ^^^ came to Virginia about 1654 and settled first 



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■11 






. il /'I : • vj: 



.ill .').f.i:i,J 









'(C >Mi .'itk';- rrf 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



in the parish of Stratton Major, in King and Queen county; he appears to 
have taken up lands in Lancaster, \Ve5tmoreland, Middlesex and other 
counties; was a Burrjess trom Lancaster in 1659; a Justice for Middlesex 
in 1673; and a memlier of the Council as early as 1663; later he was 
seated at " Pcckatone " in Westmoreland county. The patent for Pecka- 
tone was dated 26th of March, 1664. " Peckatom or Peckatone, an Indian 
name," says a writer on Westmoreland, "was a magnificent estate, owned 
by the Corbins. The house, built of imported brick, within a few yards of 
the river bank, shaded by old forest trees, grounds laid off on a large scale, 
it bore some years ago, more the appearance of a proud aristocratic resi- 
dence than any other in the county. Since then the estate has been sold 
and the family scattered. Many wild stories were told, in my youth, of 
how a lady owner played the part of a petty tyrant among her overseers and 

negroes, confining the former in her 
dungeons beneath the house, and the 
latter sometimes whipped to death ! 
Plow she traveled at night in her 
coach and four, armed with pistols and 
guns. How, in the last day of her 
recklessness, she, her coach and coach- 
men were borne aloft in a terrible hur- 
ricane, and lost to sight. From that 
day the house remained unoccupied 
for years. Then, in popular opinion, 
it was haunted ; lights were seen pass- 
ing from room to room, and awful 
groans and shrieks at night would 
assail ihe ear of the luckless traveler, 
who happened to be in its vicinity." 
It has been a family tradition that Henry Corl'in was married severp.1 
times, but there is record only of one marriage ; on the 25th of July, 164,5,^ 
he married Alice, daughter of Richard Eltonhead, of P^ltonhcad, co. Lancas- 
ter, England. It is said she was then the widow of Roland Burnham ; after 
Henry Corbin's death, she married Captain Henry Creek, who died about 
August of 1684, " at the house of Col. Richard Lee on the River Potomac." 




LattivilU, Virginia. 



1 If Ui^nry Corbin was married orjly once, and chat wife was the widow cf Roland Burnham, first of 
York an ', Inter of Lanc.ister, then he could not have married before iCj6. 1 he records show that Capt. 
RoI.indIiirnh.imw.i-; a l!:ir^ess in 16+4-45-46- 4c). His will, dated the 12th of February, 1655 ; probated, 
in L.\ncascer. on the i.(th of January, I'ijo, mentions cluldren, Thomas, Jol.n, K!canor, I'rancis, and wife. 
Alice. Several documents, recorded at Lancaster, rh-iw that Alice, the widow of Roland Kurnham, mar- 
ried Henry Corbin, of Muldlcscx. ( Vu.. Mu^'. of tiiitjry, etc., I. 237, Notci.) l^ut was she his first wife? 



'f tTv'Aia'.n -/lur.u' 



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STRATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 85 

?Ienry CorMii. the \'iiL'inia immigrant, left three sons — Henry, t'.]6b7;'xi 
IhouKib-'. Ga\vin,/ana five daiiL^hiers — L.eiuui-. Alice. Winiii'ed, Aniie; 
and Frances. The eW^ son,". Henry, died when two years old; the elc^-^st son, 
second, rhomas," settled at London, as a merchant, prol)ablv in partnership 
with his uncle, Gawin ; for r.uder date of the 2.?d of July, 1675, " Gawin 
Corbin Cittizen Leather Seller of London," appointed his " trusty and 
well beloved friend Richard Lee, Esq., of Vir^^inia," his attorney to collect 
debts due him from John I'rcuisham, of Potomac River. He was living at 
London in 1722, and probably as late as 1732, for in that year a Thomas 
Corbin executed deeds; this latter Thomas might have been a cousin, the 
son of Gawin of London. Apparently Thomas Corbin never married, as 
his lands were eventually inherited and devised by his younger brother, 
Gawin of Virginia. Henry Corbin's daughters niust have been older than 
the sons ; were certainlv so if he married only once. They married as 
follows: L:etitia; Richard Lee, of " Mt. Pleasant," Westmoreland, which 
estate adjoined "Peckatone;" Alice, Philip Lightfoot ; ^^"inifred, Le Roy 
Grittin ; Anne, William Tayloe ; Frances, Gov. Edmund Jenings, of 
Rippon in Virginia. 

From Henry Corbin's youngest son, Gawin (possiiily your.gest child), 
are descended the Virginia family. He was a prominent man in the Colony ; 
was Burgess in'^i70o, 1702, 171S, and probably in 1736; also a i ^neffl-l^ej:^-ej" 
thtr~€oti-r>etl-. Richard of Laneville in a letter (preserved in his letter book) 
states that his " father Gawin Corbin died on the ist of January, 1745." 
It is said that he was married several times ; he was certainly niarried twice, 
and probably three times. His first wife was Catharine,^ flaugliter of Ralph 
Wormeley (probablv by his first wite, Catharine Lunsford), no issue; he 
married, secondly,^ Jane, daughter and co-heir of Jolin^ Lane, of York 
River, and widow of Willi--. AVilson— -slie was'l:'vii'i:j: as lale"as"i7i^ : by this 
wife he had issue; possibly she \vas the mother of all his children. Bishop 
Meade has stated that '• Gawin Corbin, the other son of Henry Corbin, 
aHd--OiveeT'f€sideiit-G-f--the-C-otn>eil,%narried a daughter of William Bassett, 
and left seven children," etc' The Va. G^izctic gives notice of the death 
on the 12th of June, 173S, of Martha, wife of Col. Gawin Corbin of 
King and Queen county. William Bassett, second of the name in Virginia, 
had a daughter, Martha, born the jSth of December, 1694 (Keith). This 
Gawin certainly left three sons, Richard, John, and Gawin ; as to the 
number of his daughters there is some uncertainty. Bishop Meade has 
stated that ho had tour, and that they married : Jenny, Col. John Bushrod, 



OIJ Ci'iurches, FaiiiilUs, etc. .'II, I^0. 



^,;.._.: 






' ; iiv?^ '>/l' 



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86 LEE OF VIRfllNIA. 

Burgess, Westmoreland, 1748-55, and had, among others, Hannah, who 
married John Augustine Washington ; Joani'ia,^Major Robert Tucker ; Alice, 
Benjamin Nccdlet ; and Annc,^AVilloughl)y Allerton. His three sons, just 
named, married and (probably) had issue as follows : 

i, Richard, "of Raneville in King and Queen county in Virginia, eldest 
son, President of the King's Council and Receiver General ol the King's 
Quit Rents in \'irginia, 1776. Living in 17S3, aged about 75 " (family 
chart), tie married, in 1737, Elizabeth, daughter of John Tayloe, of 
!Mt. Airy, Richmond cjunty; she died in 1784, and left issue, three 
daughters and five sons ; the eldest daughter married Carter Braxton ; 
the other two, Alixia and Lxnitia, died unmarried. The five sons mar- 
ried as follows: i, Gawin, of '' JUickingham House," Middlesex, was 
educated abroad, returned to Virginia about 1 761, was a member of 
the Council 1775, Burgess 1769 ; married Joanna Tucker, pr-etebiy his 
fu'Sl cousin, and had three daughters, one of whom, Betsy, it is said, 

married George Lee Turberville ; Felicia, Orris Chilton ; Martha, 

Bcale. 2, John Tayloe, was Burgess from King and Queen county 1 769, 
1772 ; married Mary, daughter of Benjamin Waller, and died in 1793, 
leaving issue, of whom later. 3, Richard, was unm.arried in 17S3, aged 
about 32. 4, Thomas, also unmarried in 17S3. aged al^out 28. 5, 
Francis, of "The Reeds," Caroline county, who died on the 15th of 
June, 1821, aged 62 yeais ; was educated at Canterbury School, Cam- 
bridge, and later studied law at the Liner Temple, and returned to 
Virginia about 17S3 ; lie v.-as a trequent member of the House of Dele- 
gates and also of the Convention of 17S8 5 he married Anna Munford, 
daughter of Robert Beverley, of "Wakefield," Culpeper county, and 
Maria Carter, his wife ; they had issue : Robert, Francis Porteus, \\'illiam 
Lygon, John Saw bridge, Washington Shirley, and Thomas Grosvenor; 
their daughter, Anna Page Corbin, married her first cousin, Benjamin 
Franklin Randolph. 
ii, John, of " Portobago," Essex county, was born the 8th of July, 1715 ; 
died the Sth of August, 1757; married (about 1737) Lettice, eldest 
daughter of Richard and Martha (Silk) Lee, of London (see 3, ii ), and 
had two daughters, Murtha and Jane, and one son, Gawin, of "Yew 
Spring," Caroline county. John Corbin was the jiresiding justice for 
Essex in 1742. and uicmber of tlie Council in 1775. ILsson, Gawin, 
married, in^i 776, Bets}-, daughter of Thomas Jones, of Xorthumberland 
county, and was the grandfather of Mr. Augustus G. W. Corbin, of that 
county. His sister, Martha, born the 19th of November, i 738, died the 
8th of January, 1792; married her first cousin, John Turberville, of 






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■'- ■ STRATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 87 

" Hickory Hill." Westmoreland, and had lencliildren (see Tnrberville 

under -j). 

^^ b 172.0: 

iii, Gawin, of "Peckatone," Westmoreland;, the third son of Gawin, in- 
herited the propertv of his uncle, Thomas of London ; he married :--4t)' 
Hannah, ^daughter of 'I'hom.^s Lee, of Stratford, and left an only daugh- 
ter, Martha, j\ho married, on the ist of June, 1769, George Richard 
Turberville, and had two sons, Gawin Corbin and Richard Lee. Gawin 
Corbin married a daughter of Col. John Daingerfield, and had a 
daughter, ^L^ry, who married William F. Taliaferro, and left issue. 
The younger son, Richard Lee Turberville, married, about the 14th 
of December, 1794, his cousin, Henrietta, daughter of Richard Henry 
Lee, of "Chantilly," by his second wife, Anne (Gaskins) Pinkard 
(for their issue see Turberville). Gawin Corbin died about January, 
1760; his will is given here in full; he names only brother Richard 
and sister '■ Tucker," but mentions " brotliers and sisters." 

In the name of God, Amen. I Gavin Corbin in the parish of Cople and County of 
Westmoreland, being weak of !)ody but of sound sence and Memory, Blessed be God, do 
this twenty ninth day of October, . . . year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred 
and . . . [fifty-nine?] . . . and pid>lish this my last W\\\ and Testament in manner 
follow 'ng : 

First, I desire to be buried privately and without pomp. Item, I lend all my Estate 
both real and personal to my dear wife during her widdowhood and Continence in this 
County, allowing my daughter Martha Corbin out of my Estate a Genteel Education and 
mentainance at the discretion of my Executors hereafter mentioned: but if my wife con- 
tinues a widow until my Daughter Martha Corbin marries or comes to the age of one and 
twenty years, then it is my will and desire that she my said Daughter shall have one-half of my 
whole Estate, and if iny wlte marries again or leaves this County, then and in that case, my 
will and desire is that uiy said wife shall be deprived of the beijuest already made lier and in 
lieu thereof shall only have one third of my Estate real and personal, and the remaining two- 
thirds of my Estate shall immediately {•ass to my said Daughter Martha Corbin, and the 
heirs of her body lawfully begotten forever, and in default of such heirs, I give one hrdf of 
my estate unto my brother Richard t'orbin's two youngest sons and to their heirs forever 
and the other half of my Estate to tiie two youngest sons of my Dear sister Tucker, if it 
should so happen that she has more than two sons, but if not then I would have this half of 
my estate descend to her youngest son and his or their heirs forever, as the case may be. 
Item, my will and de-ire is that at tiie death of my dear wife that my whole estate both real 
and personal then in her possession shall descend to my Daughter Martha Corbin and the 
heirs of her body lawfully begotten forever, and for want of sucii heirs then to descend to 

the younger sons of my Brother Richard Corbin and sister Tucker in manner 

as is before mentioned '. . — rying again the County, or my 

Daughter's dying without heirs of her body lawfully begotten. Item, I give twenty pounds 
Stirling to be sent for in Course goods to the Boor of the parish of Cople, such who have 
many children and use their utmost endeavors to support them by honest Labour and 
Industry, but still fmd themselves from their numerous family incapable; and this bequest 





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id) ' . •ill tn II.' 



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8S LEE OF VTRGIN'IA. 

I will have di5tril)uted at the discretion of my Executors. Item, it is ray Express desire 
that my DauglUer Martha Corbin do n^'t marry untill she arrives at the age of twenty one 
years and then not without the Consent of the Guardians or the majority of them, which if 
she does I desire tliat my estate may immediately descend to the youngest sons of my Brother 
Richard Corbin and my sister Tucker, as I have before directed and my Daughter Martha to 
have but one shilling of my Estate ; this I desire that a prudent Choice may be made of a man 
of sense and Family — that she may live Happily in a matrimonial state. Item, I desire all my 
just debts may be paid as soon as possible. Item, my will and desire is that ray Godson 
Thomas Lee, son of Richard Henry Lee, may be paid one hundred and fifty pounds sterling 
to be applied to accomplishing his Education when he is sent home. Item, my will is 
further that if my Crops should not be sufficient to pay my debts, then I would have my 
Caroline lands sold to pay them and it is my Express desire thr.l Edy, Truelove and Cyrtts, 
three of my negroes, be sent to the West Indies and sold, and the money arising from the 
sale of them to be applyeu to the payment of my .... and this I will have done as 

soon as . . . opportunity decease. Item, I do hereby .... 

and appoint my wife. Colonel Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Ludwell Lee, Francis Lightfoot 
Lee and Richard Corbin, Executors of my will and Guardians of my Daughter Martha 
Corbin. Item, I give all ray Brothers and Sisters, Nepliews and Nieces a mourning ring 
apiece of a guinea value. Item, It is my desire that my Brother Richard Henry Lee may 
be one of my acting Executors. Item, my will and desire is that my Estate may not be 
appraised, as it may be attended with useless and unnecessary expense, trouble and Confu- 
sion. 

[Probated, at Westmoreland, on 29th of January, 1760. In accordance with the 
requirements of this will, consent to the marriage of George Turberville and Martha Corbin 
were filed: from Thomas Ludwell Lee, R. H. Lee and Hannah Corbin, on the 23d 
of May, 1769; from Fr.meis Lightfoot Lee on l6th of May, 1769.] 

The later generations of this family in Virginia are descended from 
John Tayloe, second son of Richard and Elizabeth (Tayloe) Corbin ; he 
married Mary, daughter of Benjamin Waller, of Williamsburg, and had four 
sons, and three daughters. His eldest son, Richard, inherited the family 
estates of I^aneville, Moss Neck, Farley Vale, and others; served as a 
captain of artillery in 1S12; died on loth of June, 1S19, aged 48 years; 
married Rebecca, daughter of James Parke Farley, and Elizabeth Byrd, his 
wife, and had three daughters and two sons. (The coat of arms, given 
above, was that used_ by him ; it represents the arms of the Corbin family 
quartered with ^"ayloe bearing in an escutcheon of pretence the arms of 
Farley quartering Parke.) His second son, James Parke Corbin, born in 
iSoS, died on the 2Sih of November, 1S6S; was twice married; first to 
Jane Catharine, daughter of John S. Wellford, of Fredericksburg, and ne.xt 
to Eliza Lewis Hoomes of Bowling Creen ; he had ten children ; his second 
son, Spotswood Wellford Corbin (the present head of the family) was 
born the 22d of January,. 1S35 ; served in the Confederate navy, and is 
now the President of the Virginia State Ponrti of Agriculture; he resides 



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STRATFORD LINE, SECOND GENERATION. 



89 







. \ 



at " Faiiey Vale, " in King George county. M'r. Corbin married Diana 
Fontaine, the second daughter of Com. Matthew F. Maury, the distin- 
guished scientist, and has one surviving son, Mattliew Maury Corbin. 

THE FrrZ-HUGH FAMILY. 

Arms; A.'ure, three chevrons brased in base, or, and a chief or. 
Crest: A wyvern with wings expanded, argent. 
"Although," says Burke, " the surname of Fitz-Hugh was not appro- 
priated to this family before the time of Edward III., it had enjoyed con- 
sideration from the period of the Conquest : when its ancestor, Bardolph, 
was Lord of Ravenswath, with divers other manors, 
in Richmondshire." From this ancestor, the family 
is traced, from father to son,' through the following 
generations: Bardolph was succeeded by his son 
Akaris Fitz-Bardolph ; he by Hervey Fitz-Akaris ; he 
by Henry Fitz-Hervey; then F.andolph Fitz-Henry, 
Henry Fitz-Randolj^h, Randolph Fitz-Henry, who was 
succeeded by his brother IFugh Fitz-Henry ; he died 
in 1304, and was followed by his son, Henry Fitz- 
Hugh, the first to bear the surname of Fitz-Hugh, 
which name has been adopted by his descendants to 
"',') this day. 

^ This Henry Fitz-Hugh followed the Edwards H. and 

HL in their Scottish wars ; he was summoned by writ 
to parliament, as Baron Fitz-Hugh, in 1321, being the first to bear that title. 
He died in 1356, and was succeeded by his grandson, Henry; from whom 
the male line continued in unbroken succession till the death of George, the 
seventh Baron, when the barony "fell into abeyance." The Barons Fitz- 
Hugh took prominent parts in the political and military movements of their 
day ; were summoned, generation after generation, to the various parlia- 
ments, and held other positions of trust and responsibility. 

The progenitor of the well known Virginian branch of this family, was 
Colonel William Fitzhugh, who was the son of Flenry, a lawyer of Bedford, 
England. He was born in the town of Bedford, on the 9th of January, 
i65i,and died at his home " F.cdford," in Stafford county, in October, 
1701. He came to Virginia about 1670; was a lawyer of prominence, a 
large planter, merchant and shipi^er. He married, on the ist of May, 1674, 
Sarah Tucker, who was born in Westmoreland county on the 2d of August, 
1663 ; she was therefore at the time of her marriage not quite eleven years 
old. It is said that her husband sent her to England, immediately after 



6 







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90 .i r>EE OF VIRGINIA. 

their marriage, to conijilctc her education. Colonel I'it/hugh left si.x 
children, among whom he divided a very large e.state. His children were: 
i, WiLLi.VM, of •' Eagle's Nest," who died in 1713-14; he married Ann, 
only daughter of Richard and I.cetitia (Corbin) Lee, of " Mt. Pleas- 
ant," Westm.oreland, and had issue as previously stated (p. 82). 
ii, Hexkv, born the 15th of January, 16S6; died the 12th of Deceniber. 
1758; married, on the 24th of February, 171S, Su.sanna, a daughter of 
Mordecai Cooke, of Clovicester county; she was born the 7th of Decem- 
ber, 1693 ; died the 2isl of November, i 749. I'hey had a son Thomas, 
of " Boscobell," who was twice married ; first, on tlie iSth of October, 
1746, to Catharine IJooth, who died in February, 1748 ; he next mar- 
ried Sarah, a daughter of the Rev. David Stuart, of King George 
county, and had two children : i, Susannah, who married (1766) Wil- 
liam Knox, of '• Windsor Lodge," Culpeper county, the progenitor 
of that family in Virginia. 2, Thomas, of " Boscobell," who married 
Ann, daughter of Col. Jolm Rose, of Amherst county ; their son, Wil- 
liam Henry, left a daughter, Ann Eliza Fitzhugh, who married Joseph 
Burwell Ficklen, of F'xdericksburg, and their daughter, Ann Eliza 
Ficklen, married Captain Daniel Murray Lee (see 74). 
iii, Thomas, who married Anne, a daughter of Colonel George ALason, of 
Stafford county (second of the name and grandfather of the celebrated 
George Mason, of " Gunston "). He died in June, 1715. 
iv, GeoR(;e, who mairied Mary Mason, a sister of his brother's wife; their 
son, William I'it/hugh, married Mrs. Martha (Lee) Turberville, the 
daughter of Richard and Martha (Silk) Lee, of London, and the widow 
of George Turber\'i!!e, of \\'estmoreland ; they had, nt least, one son, 
George Lee Miu>on litzhugh, who has left descendants. 
V, John, born ; diedi the 2ist of January, 1733 ; he married .Ann Bar- 
bara, a daugliter of Capt. Daniel McCarty. of Westmoreland ; they had 
issue: \Villiam, born the i^U\ of April, 1725; Danic', born the 2Sth 
of June, 1733. His sister-in-law (.Vnn Lee Fitzhugh) mentioned iii 
her will, a daughter, Elizabeth. 
vi, Rosamond, who nurried a Colonel .Vllerton. or Olierton. of Westmore- 
land, and died without issue. 

The family seats of the Fitzhughs, in Virginia, were named after the 
ancestral estates in England ;. such as " Belle Air," " Bo.scobell," "Chat- 
ham," " Marmion," '• Ravensworth," and " Raven^wood." The list of the 
grandchildren of Colonel 'William lMt/.!iugh, the progenitor oC the Virginia 
family, is j^robably very incomp'lcte ; from these grandchildren a very 
numerous fL\mil}" ha-s descended. 



;0V' 



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.O 






STR.\TI-ORD LINE. THIRD OF.NERATION. gi 

STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GKXKRATTOX. 
Richard Lee, of London. 

3. Richard, tlic oldest s'lrviviu^ >oii of Richard Lee' (Richard^) and 
L;\?t!tia Corljin, his wife, was born abodt-^^fS— 9, and died at I-ondon in 
1 7 18. Somewhere about 1710-11 he had t;one over to London and settled 
there as a Virginia merchant in partnership with his maternal uncle, 
Thonias Corbin. Very little information can be found concerning him. 
By the kindness of William Blackstone Lee. Escp, the few iteip.s following 
were copied from the London records : 

I 719. Ricliard Lee died in the parish of St. Anne within the Liberty 
of ^^'estminster, intestate. On the Sth of November, 1711, Wm. Ellins 
and Edmund Farrington sold to the said Ric. Lee all their wares, 
merchaiidises, &:c. Ric. Perry of the parish of St. Catharine Creechurch, 
London, merchant, was appointed administrator of the goods of the said 
Ric. Lee as far as concerned the said merchandises. Given at London 2d 
January, 171S-19. 

1724. On the i6th' of November, 1724, there was issued a commis- 
sion to John Crabit, creditor of the late Richard Lee, late of the parish of 
St. Olave, Llart Street, London, but who died in the parish of St. Anne 
Vv^estminster in Co: Midd. Martha Lee, the relict and George, Martha, 
and Lxiitia Lee, minors, children of the deceased, cited but not appearing. 

On the 5th of November, 1716. -'Richard Lee, of London, son of 
Richard Lee of Cople parish, in Virginia," leased to Reuben \\'elch, 
Thomas Lee and Henry Lee, of Essex, the 2,600 acres whereupon his father 
had lived. " Vielding and paying therefor the yearly rent of one peper 
corn only on tlie fea-^t day of the birth of Our Lord God." This lease is 
mentioned in the will of Thomas Lee. In a j)etition from " Martha Lee, 
widow of the late Richard Lee, of London," dated the 19th of October, 
1730, she mentioned this lease of 1716, and stated that her husband was 
the son of Richard Lee, Sen'r, i\:c. ; gave her residence in -'Goodman's 
Fields, i)arish of St. Mary White Chappel, Tvliddlesex," England. William 
Lee i.in 1771) stated that, " Richard married an heiress in England by the 
name of Silk, and by her left one son, Cieorge, and two daughters, Lettice 
and Martha; all of these children went to Virginia and settled. George 
married a Wormeley, who died leaving one daughter ; he then married a 
Fairfax, nearly related to Lord Fairfax of Yorkshire, and died leaving by 
his last marriage three sons, that are now mir.ors and are at school in 
F^ngland under care of' Mr. James Russell. Lettice married a Corbin and 
her sk-ter a Turberville ; their elde>t children intermarried, from which 






( 1., 



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I • '■' ;:)::. J ■ )'l 



92 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

union, George Lee Turlierville, now at sclu)ol at Winton College, is the 
olde^jt issue." Ricliaul Lee's wife was therefore named ALirtha Silk ; they 
had three children : 
i, George*. See 7. 

ii, Lettice*, born at London about 1715 ; died the 15th of January, 1768, 
in Virginia, aged (it is said) 54 years; she married (probably about 
1737) Col. John Corbin, of " Poriobago," Essex county; they had 
two daughters — Martha and Jane — and one .son, Gawin, of *'Ye\v 
Spring," Caroline county. Martha Corbin, born the 19th of Novem- 
ber, 1738; died the Sth of Januar\, 1792; married her first cousin, 
John Turberville, and had ten children (see Turberville) ; Jane was 
probably the ■' Miss Jane Corbin " mentioned as having stood sponsor 
for George Lee lurberville in 1761. i..- . i-^^ jii:^ .-;> I • v--- > ■. -,f' 
iii, iNLA.RTHA*, born at Loudon about 1716; was twice married; first, to 
Major George Turberville, of •' liickory Hill," Westmoreland, and 
had a son, John Turberville, who was born the 14th of September, 
1737; died the roth of July, 1799; married, in 1759, his first cousin, 
Martha Corbin, as previously staled, and had ten children (see Turlier- 
ville). After George Turberville's death, in 1742, Martha (Gtmrirr) 
Turberville married Captain Willian^ Fitzhugh, of Maryland, and had 
one son, George Lee Mason. 

Note. — Mr. Augustus G. W. Corbin, of Northumberland county, has 
some very interesting portraits of the Corbins. An account of them, sent 
by a lady of that county, is as follows: 

Hon. John Corbin, in British uniform, with sword in hand, full-size 
portrait. 

Wife of above, who was a Lee (Lettice?), taken in full dress, brocade 
silk, with much lace. 

Gawin — a boy — with his sister Jane, said to be children of above. 

Bettie Tayloe Corbin, married a Turberville, in full evening costume, 
brocade silk, handsome lace, decollete, an English face, full and florid, an 
exquisite arm and hand, which she displa}'s to the best advantage by point- 
ing to an imaginary object. (Painted by John Hesselius, 1755.) 



. A.' 



CiJ.^ 



• .r " 



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STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 



93 







THE TURBERVILLES. 

Arms : Ermine, a lion rampant, gules, crowned or. 
Crest: A castle, argent, portcullis or. 

The Viri^inia Turbervilles are said to be descended from the English 
family of Bere Regis, Dorset. On the " Battel-Abbey Roll" appears the 
name of a Sir Payne Turberville, who was a companion of the Conqueror, 

and is supposed to have been the 
progenitor of this family in England. 
The manor of Bere Regis was sold 
to Robert Turberville, for jQdo^, 
1 6s. 8d., in 3S Henry VIII., and was 
for years the seat and sepulchre of 
generations of this family. The 
hall of the manor house was adorned 
with the arms of Turberville, im- 
paling those of the various families 
with whom they had intermarried. 
In the year 1633, a John Turber- 
ville died, aged 77, leaving a grand- 
son, John, his heir, of whom no 
account is given in the family pedi- 
gree ; he may have been the ancestor 
of the John Turberville who died 
in Virginia in 1728. As the family 
in Virginia used the arms of the 
VJt^ (3/ /^ // Turbervilles of Bere Regis, it is most 
,e^me-.:Zr^..U^^r^^^^^ probable they were descended from 

^ Virginia. ^^ei^. The print, given here, is a 

copy of the book-plate of George Lee Turberville. 

John Turberville, of Lancaster county, was a Justice in 1699, Bur- 
gess in 1703-4, Sheriff in 1705-7. -^^d died in 172S. In a deed of 1726, 
he mentioned his son, George, as his sole heir. A daughter probably mar- 
ried Francis Kenner, as the latter mentioned in his will of 1725, his 
brother-in-law George Turberville. 

Georce Turberville, of " Hickory Hill," Westmoreland, was a Justice 
in 1720,^1(1 in 1722-23, Clerk in 1726-42; he was married three 
times ; first, tu Elizabeth, a daughter of Henry Asluon, oi Westmoreland, 
by whom he had, at least, one daughter, Elizabeth, as mentioned in the 
will of Henry Ashton. He married, secondly, on the 16th of March, 1727, 





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i^;. i :\:.. .1 ■ , ,11 



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94 LF-K OF VIRGINIA. 

Lcttice, the daughter of Williim and Ann (Lee) Fitzhugh ; slic was born 
the 15th of July, 1707 ; died tlie loih of I'ebruary, 1732, and was buried 
near "Hickory Hill;" her tombstone states that she ''died great with child," 
but mentions no children. CiOorL'e Turberville married, thirdly, Martha, 
the daughter of Richard Lee, of London, and Martha Silk, his wife ; after 
his death, which occurred in 1742, she married William Fitzhugh, of ALary- 
land, a captain in the English army and had a son, George Lee Mason. 

George Turberville's daugh.ter by his first wife probably married Gowry 
Waugh, and had a son, George \\'aMgh. The records of the Va. Court of 
Appeals show that Mrs. Waugh had a half-brother, George Fitzhugh. 
The will of George Turberville, probated at Westmoreland on the 30th of 
I^Larch, 1742, mentioned his wife, .\Lirtha, a daughter, his "dear little son 
John," and an unborn child, who v,-as named George Richard. The eldest 
son, John, was born tlie 14th of September, T737 ; died the loth of July, 
1799; married, in 1759, his first cousin, Martha, daughter of Col. John 
Corbin, of " Portoliago," and Leltice Lee, his wife; they had these ten 
children : 

i, George Lee ^a co[)y of whose book-plate is given) was born the 7th of 
September, 1760; died in i79<S; married Betty Tayloe Corbin (pro- 
bably a daughter of (jawin Corbin, uf " Jiuckingham House") and 
had issue John and tv,o daugluers, who niarried two Beales ; George 
served for some time as cajitain on the staff of General Charles Lee; 
later wiHi Steuben in the south, a., the following letter shows : 

LTnder date of 21st of March, 17S1, Col°: Geo: Lee Turberville wrote 
to Gov: Jefferson. 

" Dear Sir, I cannot express niy.-elf in terms suii'iciently strong to convey to you an 
Idea of my Gratitude in return for your i.bii^jiing Letter relative to Baron Steuben. I fol- 
low'd precisely its advice, altho' subsequent ill-treatment from the Baron has obliged me to 
act differently since, the whole of which 1 ^sill make known to you the first favorable oppor- 
tunity. I have only to .solicit you at pre ent to let me know by the first opportunity whether 
you or the Council have ever infnrnicd t:ic l>arun that you highly disapproved of my coidmt 
ivhilst I had the honor to conimatid at S,n::y J'oiii! ; as that Major-Genl: has given informa- 
tion to the Marcjuis that it was from the Executive veiy liiuch disapproving of my conduct 
that occasi med him to some steps with me that have been highly preiudicial to my reputa- 
tion, health and peace of mind" (I, I'a. CrJ. State Papers, 5S5J. 

After the war he was a de!e_^alc lo the X'irginia Assembly in 17S5- 
86-S7 ; a member of tlie Cunvcnti.Mi of 17S.S, and Sheriff of Riclimond 
county in 179'*^. 
ii, lettice Corbin, born the 7th of Jrn-nary. 1763; married, al)0ut 177S, 

>Lijor Catesby Jone>, of Wotmoreland, and iiad these seven children ; 



) oi 



STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 95 

Roger, Thomas ap Caiesby, Ph^iip Catesby, Euscbius, Elizabeth Lee, 
Martha Corbin, and Sally Skelton Jones. (See Jones Family under 

36, i-) 
iii, John Corbin, born the loth of October, 1765. 
iv, Jane Lane, born the 1st of May, 1767. 
V, Ann Silk, born the ist of April, 1769. 
vi, Lucy Silk, born the nth of May, 1770. 
vii, Rebecca Lee, born the 21st of September, 1772; died the ist of April, 

1785 (tombstone near " Hickory Hill"), 
viii, Charles Lee, born the i6th of December, 1775. 
ix, Martha Corbin, born tlia 4th of Xovember, 177S; married, on the 
25th of January, iSoo, Dr. Mottrom Ball (1767-1842), second son 
. of Captain Spencer Ball, of "Coan," Northumberland county; she 
died the 26th of March, 1S65, and left four children (Hayden, Fa. 
Genealogies, 136). 
X, Troilus Lewin, born the 29th of December, 1780: died without 
issue. 

The second son of George Turberville, by his third wife Martha Lee, 
was born some time after his father's death, about 1742, and was named 
George Richard; he married, on the ist of June, 1769, Martha, the only 
child of Gawin Corbin, of " Peckatone," Westmoreland, and Hannah 
Lee, his wife, and left two sons, Gawin Corbin and P.ichard Lee. There 
was probably a daughter also, as a Hannah Turberville, who was said to be 
engaged lO a Mr. Tomson, is mentioned in \\\t Jcitrnal of a Young La^iiy of 
Virginia, p. 2)~- Of '^^s sons, Gawin Corbin "married," a' daugliter of Col. 
John Daingerfield, of Essex county, and had a daughter, Mary, who mar- 
ried William F. Taliaferro, and left issue. 

The younger son, Richard Lee Turberville, married about 14th of 
December, 1794, his cousin, Henrietta, daughter of Richard Henry Lee, 
of "Chantilly," by his second wife, Anne (Gaskins) Pinkard, and had 
issue: Cornelia Lee, George Lee, and Richard Henry Turberville (see 18, 
vi). Of these, Cornelia Lee, born the 6th of September, 1797 ; died the 
4th of March, 1SS3, and married, in 1814, Charles Calvert Stuart, who was 
born the 9th of February, 1794, and died the 2d of September, 1846; he 
was the youngest son of Dr. David Stuart ^ and Eleanor (Calvert) Custis, 



> Dr. David Stuart fborn 3d of August, 1753) was the Son of the Rev. William Stuart and Sarah 
Foote, his wife, and the grani!son of the Rev. D.\vid Stuart, who married Hnrrict Ciibbons, sister of bir 
John Gibbons, Bart., and M. P. for Es-ex ; the Rev. David Stuart was Rector cf St. Paul's Parish, King 
George county, 1732-49, when he was Succeeded by his son. the Rev. William Stuart, wlio died in 17^6 
(Hayden, ia. Ger.eal •^■et , 73::). 



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96 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

his wife, who wpji the widow of John Parke Custis, and the second daughter 
of l^enedict Calvert, of " Mt. Airy," Prince George's county, Md.; she 
was born about 1756, and died the 28th of April, 181 1 ; Mr. Custis died 
on the 5th of Xoveniber, 1781. and she married Dr. Stuart in the autumn 
of 17S3; they resided for some years at "'Abingdon," on the Potomac 
River between Wa.sliington and Alexandria (see, also, Custis Family, under 
50). They had seven children : Ann Calvert, Sarah, Ariana Calvert, Wil- 
liam Skolto, Charles Calvert, Eleanor, and Rosalie Eugenia Stuart. Georcre 
Lee Turberville married a Miss Dobell, and left issue. Richard Henry 
Turberville died without issue. 

Hon. Puii.ir Lee. p.?.t 

4. Philip \ tliird son of Richard Lee ' (Richard '), and Laititia Corbin, 
his wife, was born in Westmoreland county,^J'^T)oirt— ttSSt-^; he died 
in 1744, about April of that year. As he moved to Maryland in 1700, he 
may have been born earlier than tlie date given here. He was a mcml,er of 
the Council in Maryland, and a Justice ; no further data concerning his 
career has been discovered. He lived at •■ Blenheim," in I^Vmce-Geo^^ge's 
county, in that State. yW:,'^^ Zcc. u^c.-t cc ..-^n. -. -r/^s. .v^ x;cyi,../«^_.'7j^-..T'i..o,.^ 
Philip was twice married ; first "to Sarah, daughter of Hon. Thomas 
,^ _^ g^*J^jke, Esq. (i6>v^-i-'^^), of^ '•' lirookeneld/' and Barbara-Addison-, his ;u^r 

i yj^^'.i TJ^o^l?;-': ^'^*-' ^''^V''^'^^'"J-^'^oo^^'^^2'^'^^^ed' land'to '^^^^^ ■phil'ip""" 

Lee, m 1713 ;she died in November, between i6th and 2Sth, 1724. By 
her will (dated i6th and probated zSth of xXovember, 1724), she left her 
"younger son Arthur Lee and his heirs forever all that tract or parcell of 
Land which my Honored Father 'J~ho3. Brooke, Esq., gave me the said Sarah 
Lee, . . . lying at Rock Creek, and I do by these presents Consti 
tute ordain and ai.poiiU my Loving Brother Mr. Thomas Brooke, Gentleman, 
to be Executor of this my Last Will and Testament; ^cc." Philip married, 
secondly, about 17:^5-^"'. Elizabeth, the widow of Flenry Sewall, Gent., who 

■ survived him. In the Maryland Archives Council Proceedings, 5th of 
July, 1728, it was stated that the Hon. Philip Lee, member of the Coun- 
cil, claimed the care, education, and estate of his stepson, Nicholas Sewall, 
son of his wife by her first husband, Henry Sewall, Gent., late of St. Mary's 
county. The stei)son, Nicholas Sewall. being then about seven years old, 
was, it is stated, sought to be " Romanized " by his uncle, Nicholas Sewall. 



1 Col. Willi.im Fit,:hu:,i>. un J..r i..te of Sth June, i68i, wrote to the " Hon'ble Co!. Richard Lee." .At 
the e.ui of Ki; letter he expp.ssc, ^nis w,.h : - I uh,!. y^u much j.y iu your younu' sou now and hereafter -• 
{i<l. J/ji-ii.-:«<-, ttc, I, p, 41). '1 his son "/.O't-'-'Vc been I'hillp. b.' ..-., .,.■.,. , _. r, .;..,. t, 






• •-.a 






STRATFORD LINK, THIRD GENERATION. 97 

Phili[) I.ee's will, dated the 20th of March, 1743, and recorded in 
Charles county, the 1st of May, 1744, was as follows: 

In the name of Cod Amen. I PFiilip Lee of Prince Geori^e's County in the Province 
of .Miirylind Gentleman beinjr Sick .ind Weake in Body but of sound and perfect memory 
Thanks be to .Mmii^lity God for the ?arae and Con.-^idering the uncertain State of Mankind 
and thst it is appointed for ail men to die and reflecting that I am possessed of Sundry 
Lands Tenements and herciiitaments Goods and Chattells by the Blessing of God Ahnighty 
far beyond my deserts. I have thouglit Proper and Convenient to make this my Last Will 
and Testament in tlie manner and forme following to wit : First, I give and bequeath my 
Immortall Soul to the Omnipotent God that gave it Trusting Through his Great Merrits and 
the Sufferings and Merrits of my Ix)rd and Saviour Jesus Christ Crusified on the Cross for 
the Sins of All ^Lankind that my Sins of Commission and Omi.ssion will Receive Pardon at 
the great Tribunal when Every man shall be Judged by his Faith and works. 

Secondly, As to what Goods Chattells Lands Tenements &c. I am possessed of as be- 
fore I give and Bequeath a^ followeth : But First my Desire is that all my Just Debts be paid 
but as many pretenses and cL^iras may be exhibited against my Estate after my Decease not 
really due from me 1 do hereby Direct and Order my Executor or Executrix or if more than 
one Executor in all cases Except the Debt Appears as clear as the Sun at noonday to plead 
the act of Asseml>!y of Limitation in barr of all such Claims. Secondly, I give to my Son 
Richard Lee af'er his mother in Laws decease (to her I give During Life if she continues a 
protestant) all that Tract of Land I bought of Thomas Smith, also that Tract of Land I 
bought of Daniel Dulaney Esquire, on the Other Side the Great I'.rancli, provided 
that he, the said Richard Lee, do make over the Tract of Land at Rock Creek of 
500 acres left by his mother to .\rthur Lee, and on refusal to do so, Then I give to 
.\rthur Lee the aforemeiiti 'ned Two Tracts of Land, after my present Wife's decease, 
to him the said .\rthur Lee and his heirs Forever. Item, I give to my .Son Hancock Lee 

my moiety of the Tract of Land I took up at Rock Creek called , The other half 

I Give to Corbin Lee, to them and tiieir heirs forever. The Land so bequeathed Joyns on 

part o'" • 500 acres Given i;iy first [wife] Sarah Lee, Deceased. Item, I give to my 

Son Hancock Lee that plantation I lunight of- Widow Joseph and James Brooke with the ad- 
dition I bought of James Bi< oke, to him and his heirs Forever. Item, I give to my Son Corbin 
Lee 200 acres of Land, {)art of the Land Called Reboboth, Given nie by my hon'd father, 
to Iiiui and his heirs Forever. Item, I give to my .Son John and George Lee and their heirs 
forever 600 acres of I.^nd out of the Land Called Rehoboth, in N. West fork of Nanticoake 
to be equally Divided between them. Item, I give to my Son Francis Lee and his heirs, 
200 acres of Land, part of the Tract Called Reholjoth aforesaid. Item, I give to my Grand- 
son riiilip Lee 200 acres of Lan.i, j.art of Rehoboth, to him and his heirs Forever. Item, 
I give to my said Wife during her life, if she continues a Protestant, that Tract of Land 
Called Ikirthope and the addition (T bought of Majr or Capt. Samuel Perry) for raising a 
Stock for support of my younger Children. Item, I give to my Son George Lee and his 
heirs forever that Tr.act or p.ircell of Land I Ixnight of John Ashmar Joyning on the Tract 
left by my lion"d Father dece.x-ed. Called Lee's Purchase or Stump Dale, near Cedar point 
on Potomack river. Item. I give to my .Son Richard and Thomas Lee and their heirs for 
Ever, tohee'jually I)ivi<le'l betw-L-^n them, that Tract of Land in Glorcester County, Paradise, 
the Reversion left me by my lieceased Father (Jol. Richard Lee, of Virginia. Item, I give 
to my Beloved Wife during tiie term of 15 years if she continues [a widow ?] .an.l a Protest- 
ant, all that Tract and parcell of Lund Called Lee's Purchase or Stump Dale, Whereon I 

7 









1 .. ■I'..,. -\ I 



98 I.EE OF VIRGINIA. 

have biii'it a fine Bake House and . . . mill in order to Carn' on the Baking and Gris Trade, 
for the- Support of my Cliildren hereafter name during the said >pace and my Grandson [son 
of] Philip Lee, Jun'r, Deceased, in trust for the use of the following Children v'tc, Amongst 
whomc the Clear or neU proceeds is to be divided, the charges being first deducted, and my 
Wife to have her one or two shares if she so pleases for her Trouble, the Children are Let- 
ticie unless she marries well, Elizabeth, Alice, Hancock, Corbin, I'lhn, George and Mar- 
garett, also my Grandson Philip Lee, son of Philip Lee Deceased, aforesaid. Item, My 
Will is that for the Term of Ten years after said Fifteen the profits of the said Land, I mean 
the Bake house and the Mill shall goe to the support of my Grand Children, now Born and 
to be Born as descendant from Richard Lee, Francis Lee, Philip Lee, Thomas Lee and Arthur 
Lee, the said Land to be in the occupation of my son Thomas Lee and George for the aforesaid 
share they to be Accountable for the profits, taking to themselfs Each one share. Item, my 
Will is that the remaining or remainder of the said Lands shall descend to my Son Thomas 
& George Lee and their heirs for Ever, and the profits thereon arrising. Item, I Give unto 
ray Beloved Daughter Flean.ir Lee five p..unilr, to buy her mourning which with what I Give 
her by marriage Contract Shall be in full of her lilial portion. Item, I Give to my Daughter 
Ann Russell five pounds to Buy her mourning which said five pounds with what I have 
before Given her .shall be in full of her Fillial portion. Item, I Give to my Son Francis 
Lee two negroes, v.-hich with what I have before Given him shall be in full of his Filial 
portion. Item. I Give to my son Thomas two negroes with what I have before Given him 
shall be in full of his Filial portion. Item, I Give to Each of my Grandchildren decendants 
from Philip Lee Jun'r. I ate Son of Philip Lee, Each one young negroe Boys or Girls at the 
discretion of my Ex'r. Item, I Give to my Grand Children, decended from Richard Lee, 
my Eldest Son and his Wife Grace each one Small negro Girl. 

Item, I Give to my Grand Son Philip Lee son of Philip Lee and Grace, my touted or 
Scolloped montif. Itein, I Give to my Wife Elizabeth three negro men, three negro 
Women, Vizt. Charles, Harry and Quicke, also Lettice, Agitha and Judith. Also I Give to 
my Said Wife the Best Bed and furniture and all her apparell. I also Give to her the new 
skreen, cost five Guineas, and her horse America Saddle and furniture, Twenty head of Cattell, 
a tenth part of my hoggs, and sixth part of my Sheep also one eighth part of my household 
furniture upon condition that she renounces her right and title to her thirds of my personal Es- 
tate or Else the above devises to be void and of none effect. I Give to mv Daughter Potts 
Wife of Will Potts th:ee n-cgroes two women, one man, vizt. Langress a lad, Phildo now a 
large fiirl and Rose at Rock Creek. Iten\, I Give to my Daughter .-Mice Lee two negro 
Girls vizt. Phillis and Prise. Item, I Crive to my Daughter Hannah Lee two negro Girls 
vizt. Jane and Fido. Item, I give to my Daughter Peggy Lee one negro Girl named Venus. 
Item, I Give to my Son ( leorge Lee one negro boy Ignatius. Item, I Give to my Son Corbin 
one negro b-->y named Giles. Item, I Give to my Son Hancock Lee two negroes named 
Quitchec and Nathaniel. I < ;ive to my Suu John Lee two negro boys vizt. Chesshire and 
Charles. Item, I Give to my Daughter Lettice Lee one negro Girl named Clare. Item, I 
Give to my Daughter Elizabeth Lee one negro ( jirl called Kate. 

I Do order and Iiirect my Executors hereafter named not to suffer any part of my 
Estate to be Divided untill two years after my death and I do nominate and appoint my 
Loving Wife Eli.'.\beth Lee, and my .Son 'I'homas Lee to be my Executors of my Estate, 
Given under my hand and Seal, as the Law Directs, this Twentieth day of March in the 
year of our Irird Chri-t :<evcntecn hundr.-l r.nd Forty Three-four and I do hereby revoke 
and make Null and Vnid M other Wills or Testaments or Codicils by me heretofore 
made. 



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1 VI'! 



STRATKORP LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 99 

There is considerable doubt as to the i)ropcr order in which the chil- 
dren of Philip Lee should be placed; little assistance can be had from his 
will. He named Richard as his eldest son ; also mentioned two of his 

daughters as already married : Anne Russell and Potts, wife of William 

Potts. It is said that her' name was Sarah, and she is so named here. 
As the other daughters, Eleanor. Hannah, Lettice, Elizabeth, Alice, and 
Margaret,- were mentioned b\- their maiden names, it is to be supposed they 
were unmarried at date of will. .\ trust was made, to continue fifteen 
years, for the support of the following named children : Lettice, Elizabeth, 
Alice, Hancock, Corbin, John, George, and Margaret. This would imply 
that they were tlie youngest children all under age at that date. At the 
expiration of this tlfteen years, the same property was to be placed in trust 
again, for the support of grandchildren, "now born or to be born," issue 
of Richard, Francis, Philip, Thomas, and Arthur Lee; this would indicate 
that these five were his oldest sons and already married or of a marriageable 
age. It seems probable that the eight oldest children were by his first 
wife. Hancock Lee, in 1759, mentioned Hannah, Lretitia, Corbin, Alice, 
Margaret, John, and George as his brothers and sisters, evidently meaning 
his full brothers and sisters. Guided by these statements, the children of 
Philip Lee have been placed in tlie following order: 

i, Richard \ See S. h^r,. ijcs-s 

ii, Francis*, See q. -•: y.'-"- 

iii, Philip*, See 10. • -■ u-s- 

iv, Thomas*, See 11. ■->' 

V, Arthur *, See 12. a 

vi, Anne *, married James Russell, merchant of London. 
vii, Sarah*, mentioned in her father's will as wife of \\'illiam Potts; 

thev had issue, names unknown, 
viii, Eleanor*, said to have married ^hilip-Riorhard- Fendall, and to have 
died the 22d of April. 1759-^ There was a P. R. Fendall, Justice for 
Charles county, in 1790, and also one residing at Alexandria, at same 
date. They were probably father and son ; if so, the father married 
this Eleanor, and the son was married twice ; first, to the widow of 
Philip Ludwell Lee, and, secondly, to Mary, daughter of Henry and 
Lucy (Grymes) Lee, of Prince William, by v/hom he had a son and a 
daughter. ~. , . 

ix, Hannah*, was twice married ; first to TTbiHel?) Bowie, and secondly, 
to Joseph Sjjrigg, issue by both marriages. By her first husband, she 
had, at least, one son, Daniel, as mentioned in her brother Hancock's 



.(.1 1 . 1 1 •) :'>"* 



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•V ..' .V 'i. 



lOO I.EE OK VIRGINIA. 

v.ill ; she had also two daughters, one of whom married Thomas Belt, 
then residing' at Hagerstown, Md.,and had issue. The other daughter, 
Barbara Bowie, was born the 13th of November, 1756; died the 21st 

of February, 1S05 ; married twice ; first to Hall, and had, at least, 

Thomas Belt Hall, who left issue, and a daughter, Lxtitia Hall, who 

married Stull, and had ten children. Barbara (Bowie) Hall married, 

secondly, about 17S9, Major Ignatius Taylor (born the nth of Sep- 
tember, 1742; died the 21st of September, 1807), of Hagerstown. 
Md., she was his third wife; they had issue: Hannah Lee, Jane, and 
Lucretia Taylor. Of these daughters. Hannah Lee, born the 9th of 
January, 1791; died the nth of November, 1S32 ; married, on the 
29th of October, 1S07, Gov. John Chambers, being his second wife; 
they had twelve cliildren (see Chambers' Family). 

Jane Taylor married Judge Samuel Treat, of Missouri, and left 
issue. Lucretia Taylor married (i4tli of June, 1814) Arthur Fox. of 
Mason county, Ky., and left twelve children. (Data from the will of 
Ignatius Taylor, probated 31st December, 1S07, and the family Bible 
of Gov. Chambers.) 

After the death of (Daniel?) Bowie, Mrs. Hannah (Lee) Bowie 
married, secondly, Joseph S}>rigg, and had issue: Joseph, Osborn, 
Thomas, Corbin, \\'illiam Sprigg. The latter was Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Ohio, then of the Territorial Court of Lidiana, and lastlv of 
Illinois. After Hannah Lee's death, her husband married and had a 
son, the Hon. Samuel Sjirigg. of Prince George's coimtv, Md. Mrs. 
Charles Carroll, of Bellevue, was also one of their descendants. 
X, Lettice*, said to have been married three times; first to James 
AVardropp, of '•Amptliill." Chesterfield county, Va.; next to Dr. Adam 
Thompson, and lastly to Col. Jose])h Sims. She had issue only b\- her 
second husband, two daughters: Mary Lee Thompson, who married 
Col. Williams, of Maryland ; and Alice Corbin Thompson, who mar- 
ried Capt. John Hawkins, an officer in the Revolutionary armv, serving 
with the Virginia troops, and had a daughter, Maria Love Hawkins 
(i 789-1 S26), who married J. .\. W. Smith, a lawyer of Fau-juier county 
(^Marshall Fuiiiiily. 89). There seems to be considerable doubt as to 
the third marriage of Lettice Lee. In i 759, she was named as " Lnetitia 
Wardropp;" in 1790, her nephew mentioned in his will a brooch left 
him as a legacy by his ''Aunt Lettice Thompson," which would imjily 
that she had died ihe wife of Mr. Thom[ison. 

xi, Kl!Zai!F,th *," died the T9th of September, 1752, ajt. 22 years. 

xii, Alice*, married twice; first, Thomas Clark, by whom she had a 



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STRATFORD I, INF.. THIRD C; F.NF.RATION. ICI 

daughter, \v!io married John Rogers, Chancellor of Maryland; blie was 
mentioned as -'Alice Clark," in 1759, ^y ^i^-'^ brother Hancock Lee. 
She married, secondly, alioiit 1760, Meriwether Smith; their son 
George William Sniith, Governor of Virginia, was among the victims 
burned in the old Richmond theatre, 26th December, iSii. 

xiii, Hancock*, See 13. 

xiv, JoHN^ See 14. 

XV, CoRF.iN*; lived at "' The Adventure,' an estate of 1,000 acres, lying i-^^.'jVrr:^^^ JUrC^-rSi-nLe, 
on the Great Falls of Gunpowder River, six miles from Joppa ; with a i^yv^n^.^^-Tho.-^'r^rr 
large elegant brick house," etc. Was a meniber of the House of Bur- i' G^rps^^r^^r*\r: <c 
gesses fiom Baltimore county, Md., in 1761 ; died between 27th of 
November and the gtli of December, 1773. \Vife'_s name was Elinor.^ J.-,a .,, k.^,-. ?iic^s .UA^^^.^ix;^'. 
. JNo issue. ^ ' ^ . , , .- , 

xvi, George*, See 15. '■' m^- :.Vo..vr,-^ju',^"i^ f. 

xvii, Marc.aket*, called " ^largaret Symer," by lier l)rother Hancock Lee, 

in 1759. Said to have had a daughter, who married Phenix and 

left a son, Thomas Phenix. 

THE CHAMBERS FAAHLY. 

About 1720, Randle, or Rowland Chambers, of ScotchTrish descent, 
emigrated from county Antrim to Pennsylvania, where he died in 1747-8, 
leaving wite, Elizabeth, and cliildren, Josejjh, Benjamin, Johi;, Arthur, 
James, and Robert. Of these sons, Benjamin was the most prominent, 
having been well known throughout western Pennsylvania as '*Col. Ben." 
Chambers ; with his brother Joseph he laid off and founded the town of 
Chambersburg in 1764. His son. General Benjamin Chambers, .served 
with distinction during tlie Revolution. James, next to the youngest son 
of the Immigrant, married Sarah ; their grandson. Gov. John Cham- 
bers, has stated that her name was Sarah Lee, and that she was nearly 
related to Gov. Thomas Sim Lee. and to a Mr. I'otts, of Frederick, Md. 
Unfortunately, this stateuunt has not been verified, and her ])arentage has 
not been discovered. This James died the 13th of March, i 75S, leaving 
wife, Sarah, and children. .\nn. Elizabeth, Roland, James. P.enjamin, 
Joseph, and Sarah. Of these, Roland, born in 1744, settled in New Jerseys, 
finally moved to Kentucky, where he (Jied in 1821, leaving several children, 
among them Gov. Jijhn, who wa.-> l>orn at Bromley Ikidge, N. J., on the 6th 
of October, 17S0, and died near Paris, Ky., on the 21st of September, 
1S52 ; he was twice married ; fir>t, on the 16th of June, 1S03. to Margaret, 
d.uigliter oi Major Ignatius 'l"ayU>r. of Hagerstown, Md., who was liorn the 



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X02 LEE OI-' VIRCINIA. 

22d of May, 1781, and died tlie 4th of March, 1S07, without surviving 
issue; he married, secondly, on the 29th of (Jctober, 1807, Hannah T,ee, 
a half sister of his first wife, and daughter of Major Ignatius Taylor, by his 
third wife, as stated. 

John Chambers studied law and was admitted to the bar in iSoo; in 
i8i2 and 1S15 he was elected to the Kentucky legislature ; in 1S13 he 
served as a volunteer aide-de-camp on staff of General William Henry 
Harrison; in 1S27 was elected to Congress, but declined a renomination, 
preferring to serve in the State legislature, 1S30-32. Was appointed Judge 
of the Kentucky Court of Appeals in 1S35, from which he resigned to take 
his seat in the 24th Congress, where he served from 1S35 to 1S39; in 
March, 1S41, President Harrison appointed him governor of the Territory 
of Iowa, 1841-45. By his second wife, Gov. Chambers had twelve chil- 
dren : Margaret Taylor, Joseph Sprigg, Hannah Lee, James, Matilda, Francis 
Taylor, Jane. Mary, I. aura, John, James, Henry, and Lucretia. Of these 
children, the eldest, Margaret Taylor, was born the 2d of December, iSoS; 
died the 8th of July, 1S63 ; married, the 12th of September, 1826, Hugh 
Innes Brent (born the 31st of August, 1S03 ; died the 2d of September, 
1845), son of Hugh Brent and Elizabeth Trotter Langhome, his wife, of 
Paris, Ky. They had issue (Brent) as follows: 

-■ -k f. c ^, ,N 'xyT 

i, Elizai:etii Langhok;l:, born the 27th of July, 1827; died the 9th of 
September, 1S46; married, in June. 1S43, Dr. George Esten Cooke, 
of Louisville, Ky.. son of Dr. John Esten and Lucy (Bcalej Cooke, uf 
Lexington, Ky., and had two children, Hugh Innes Brent and John 
Esten Cooke. 

ii, John Cha.mhers, born the 15th of May, 1S29; died the 2d of March, 
1877 ; married, the 25lh of October, 1S59, Lucy Bcale, of Ereder- 
icksburg, Va., no issue; after his death his widow married Frederick 
W. Page, of Charlott>ville, \'a. 

iii, Hugh Innes, born 2isl of August, 1S32 ; died the 20th of March, i8:;2. 

iv, Tho.mas VoiNv;. .Major C. S. A., born the 29th of December, 1S35 ; 
was killed at the battle of (ireen River, Ky., the 4th of July, 1S63, 
while commanding the 5th Kenturky Ca\alry ; he married, the 21st 
of June, 1S60. .Mary Nb/ore, daughter of Capt. Charles Chilton and 
Mary Harrison (SturK- ) Nbjure. of '• I'orest Retreat," layette county, 
Ky., and left two children, Mary Chilt(jn (who married Prof. Charles 
W. Dabneyj and .Margaret Thomas Brent, who is unmarried. 
v, James Hknkv, b^rn'tlic nth of August, 1842; married, the i6th of 
October, 1866, Eli/abelh Durrelt (a cousin), daughter of Francis T. 



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STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. I03 

CliarnbL'is ami Elizalicth Dmrett, his wife; they have issue: (iabriella 
Darrctl, Margaret Cha;n1)crs, Mary Porter, Hugh Innes, Frances 
Christine Brent. James Henry Brent has recently been Judge of the 
Superior Court of Kentucky, 
vi, Margarei' CiiAMF.ERS, born the 3d of January, 1S46; married, the iSth 
of November, 1S6S, the Hon. William Hardia Mackoy, M. A., son 
of John and Elizabeih Ciravit (Hardia) Mackoy, of Covington, Ky. 
Mr. Mackoy »vas a member of the Kentucky Constitutional Conven- 
tion of 1S90. They had issue: Daisy (born 25th and died 26th 
February, 1S70); Lewis Dixon (born 17th May, 1S72), Heiu-)- Brent 
(born loth July, 1S74), and Elizabeth Cary Mackoy (born 3d June, 
1879). To the kindness oi Mrs. Mackoy most of these notes are due. 

Brigadier-General Benjamin Chambers, who commanded the Maryland 
Militia in 1S14 was of this family; his son, Ezekiel Forman Chambers, was 
U. S. Senator, 1S26-34 and judge of the Court of Appeals of Maryland, 
1834-51. (Hanson's Old Kent, 192.) 

"President" Thomas Lee. c. Sl 

5. Thomas^, the fifth son of Richard Lee - (Richard ^) and Lstitia 
Corbin, his wife, was born at '' Mt. Pleasant," in Westmoreland county, in 
1690; died at "Stratford," in same county, on the 14th of November, 
1750. Of his early days his son has written: '•' Thomas, the fourth son, 
though v^'itii none but a common Virginia Education, yet having strong 
natural parts, long after he was a man, he learned the Languages without 
any assistance but his own genius, and became a tolerable adept in Greek 
and Latin. . . . This Thomas, by his Industry and Parts, acquired a con- 
siderable Fortr.ne; for, being a \ounger Brother, with many children, his 
Paternal Estate was very Snaall. He was also appointed of the Council, 
and though he had very few acquaintances in England, he was so well 
known by re[)utation that upon his receiving a loss by tire, the late Queen 
Caroline sent him over a bountiful present out of her own Privy Purse. 
Upon the late Sir William Gooch's being recalled, who had been Governor 
of Virginia, he became President and Commander in Chief over the Col- 
ony, in which Station he continued for some lime, 'til the King thought 
proper to apiKiint him (Governor of the Colony, but he dyed in 1750 be- 
fore his commission got over to him." 

That Thumas Lee possessed "strong natural parts" seems well at- 
tested b\' the important positions confided to him during an epoch in which 
the Colony was strong in men'of marked ability. Besides being for many 



104 LEF OK VIRGINIA. 

years a ineinhcr of the Iloii.^e uf lUiigcsscs, a meaiber of the Council and 
later its president, he became after the death of John Robinson, on the ^th 
of Septeml»er, 1749, the acting Governor of the Colony, and held that pobi- 
liun initil his death. He served also ujjon various commissions for arranging 
boundaries, fi->r niaking treaties with the Indians, and held other similar 
positions of trust and responsibility. 

In May, 174}. 'rhonias Lee and William P.everlcy were appointed by 
the Governor his commissioners to treat v.'iih the Iroquois Indians for the 
settlement of lands v.-est of the Alleghany Mountains. Governor Gooch 
wrote: " \V!iereas of late some misunderstandings and differences have 
arisen Ix'tween His Majesty's Subjects of this Dominion and the Si.x United 
Nations of Indians, and l>eing induced by several Representatives and Mes- 
sages interchanged, to believe that they are desirous to enter into Treaty 
with this Governnient, Xic. iS:c. . . . Know Ye that I reposing special 
Trust, li'c. in the e\['erience, Loyalty. Integrity and Abilities of Thomas 
L-e Esc^r. a member in Ordinary of His Majestys lion'ble Council of 
State, and one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Adjudication in this 
Colony, and of William I'.e\erley Ks(]r. Col: and County Lieutenant of the 
County of Orange and one of the Representatives of the People in the 
House of Burgesses of this Colony and Dominion of \'irginia, &c., . . 
Have, -S.C. nominated and Constituted the said Thomas Lee and William Rev- 
erley Commissioners tisrc. to meet the Six Nations or such Sachems >;:v-c. as 
shall be dejiuted to them. iS:c. ... at Newtown in Lancaster Co. Province 
of Pennsylvania." (1, id- Calc7idar State Paptrs, 238.) - 

William P.lack, a Scotchman, accompanied this commission as secre- 
tary, and left a diary, in which he gave a very spirited account of their 
journe}- from Stratford to Philadel[ihia. Mr. RIack wrote in part: ' 

"Thursday, .May the 17th (17.14). This Morning at 9 of the Clock, 
in Company with the Hon'ble Commissioners, and the Gentlemen of their 
Levees, Colonel John Taylor, Jun'r, Presley Thornton, Warren Lewis, 
Philip Ludwell Lee, James Little[»age, and Robert Rrooke, Esquires, I 
Embarked on Roard the Margaret Yacht lying off Stratford on Potomac, 
and about 10 minuetes after, nas under sail with a small P.reeze of Wind at 
S. W. One Jack I^nsign and Pennon Using, .\fter the \'essel had got 
way, with the Tnnnpel ue hailed the Company (vvho came to the water- 
side to see us on Board) with Eare-youuell, wliu returned the Complement, 
wishing us a Good \'o\age and Safe Retmn, fur which, on the part of the 
Company, I gave them Thanks with the discharge of our Blunderbuss. As 



' Ft'nna. Ma^., I, 117, et stq. 



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SIRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. I05 

hirr as I could observe the Genilenien aiul Ladies on llie Sandy Bank, we had 
full Sails, but on loosing ihe Sight of iheni. or on tlicir retiring, we lost our 
Wind, which made me conclude, the Gentle Gale we had then was nothing 
else but the tender Wishes of the AVomcn for their Husbands and the affec- 
tionate Concern of tlie Mothers for thair Sons, Breath'd aftc- Us in Gentle 
Sighs." 

On reaching Annapolis, the next day, the festivities began: "The 
Commissioners, &:c., went on Shoar, and was very Kindly Received at tlie 
Landing I'lace, by several Gentlemen of Distinction of that Province, and 
Conducted to the fnst 'ra\ern in Town, where the}' welcomed the Conr.nis- 
sioners, and the Gentlemen of their Levee to Annapolis, with a Bowl of 
Punch and a (ilass of Wine, and atlcrwards waited on us to the House of 
the Llonourable Kdward Jennings, lOsq., Secretary of the Province, where 
we Din'd very Sumptuously." . . . The next day they dined with the 
Governor: "We wcie Received by bin Excellency and his Lady in the 
Hall, where we were Entertained by them, with .son\e Glasses of I'unch in 
the intervals of the Discourse ; then the Scene was chang'd to a Dining 
Room, where you saw a plain proof of the Great I'lenty of the Country, a 
Table in the most Splendent manner set out with Great Variety of Dishes, 
all serv'd up in the most Elegant way, after which came a Dessert no less 
Curious; Among the Rarities of which it was Compos'd was some fine Ice 
Cream which, with the Strawberries and Milk, eat most Deliciously. After 
this Repast was ovr, which (notwithstanding the great variety) show'd a 
face of Ph:nty and Neatness, more than Luxury or Profuseness, We withdrew 
to the Room in which wc was first Received, where the Glass was push'd 
briskly round, sparkling with the Choicest Wines, of which the Table was 
Replenished with \'ariety of Sorts." 

On the 2ist, "At Night his Excellency the Governor and some other 
Gentlemen, for the Entertainment of the Commissioners and the Gentlemen 
of the Levee, gave a Ball in the Council Room, where most of the Ladies 
of any Note in the Town was present, and made a very Splendent Appear- 
ance. In a Room back from that where they Danc'd, was Several sorts of 
Wines, Punch, and Sweet Meats ; in this Room, those that were not Engag'd 
in any Dancing Match, might either Employ themselves at Cards, Dice, 
Back-Gammon, or with a cheerfid Glass; the Commi.ssioners amus'd them- 
selves till about 10 o'clock, anxl then went home to their Lodgings. 

"The Ladies was so very Agreeable, and seem'd so Intent on Dancing 
that one might have Imagin'd they had some Design on the \'irginians, 
either Designing to make .Tryal of their Strength and Vigour, or to Con- 
vince them of their Activity and Sprightliness. After several Smart Engage- 



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ic6 LEE OF VIKOIKIA 

iiients, ill wliich no Advamage on cither side was Observable, with a Mutual 
Consent, about i ot" the clock in the morninLr, it was ai;reed to break up, 
every (jeiulenian waiting on his Partner honie." 

And so on; the journey being marked at each stopping place by these 
receptions and entertainments, too numerous to give a full account of them. 
After leaving Chester, tiiey were welcomed Ijy "Several Gentlemen of Phila- 
delphia, who Received us very kindly, and Welcomed us into their Province 
with a Mow] of fine Lemon Punch big enough to have Swinun'd half a dozen 
of young Geese; after pouring four or five Glasses of this down our throats 
we cross'd the River about two hundred yards o\'er, and riding three short 
miles on the other side brought us into the sight of the famous City of 
Philadelphia." 

Mr. Black mentioned visiting a friend, in Philadelphia, who "Kept 
Batchellor liouse, and Consequently had more Freedom, than when a Wife 
and C'hildren is to lie Conformed to. I staid till after ir, and parted, he 
making me Promises to be no Stranger while I staid in Town, of which 
there wa-; no great fear, as he kept a Gla.ss of Good "Wine, and was as 
free of it as an Apple-tree of its Fruit on a Wmdv Day in the month of 
July." 

Sunday, June 3d. After attending morning ser\'ice at Christ Church, 
"Colonel 'J'aylor, Mr. Lewis, etc., of the Levee v.-ent to the Commissioners' 
Lodgings, where we found Colonel Lee ready to go to Mr. Andrew Hamil- 
ton's, where we were Invited to Dine this Day; about a Quarter after i 
O'clock we had Dinner, and I do assure you a very fine one, but as I am 
not able to draw up a Bill of P'are, I shall only say, that we had very near 
18 Dish of Meat, besides a very nice Collation ; after this was over, it was 
time tor to think of going to Church for Afternoon; accoidingly, most of 
our young Company sviih uiy Self, went in order to Msit the Reverend Mr. 
Gilbert 'Pennant, a Discipjle of the Great \Vliitefield, whose followers are 
Call'd the New Lights; we found him Delivering his Doctrine with a very 
Good Grace, Split his 'IVxt as Judiciously, turn'd up the Whites of his Eyes 
as Theologically, Cuff'd his Cushion as Orthodoxic, and twist'd his Band 
as Primitively as his .\Li.-.tcr Whitefield could have done, had he been there 
himself." 

Tlie corifereiices with the Lidians were begun at Lancaster, the 2 2d 
June, 1744. .\ record o( the nieeting states that wine and punch, as well as 
the customary pipe, were handed around. After the Indians had partaken, 
the conterence was opened by a speech from the governor of Pennsylvania. 

During these conferences, one of the Indian chiefs (shuwing they were 
not behind their pale face brother in liking •• the fire water " ) said : •' \'ou 



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STRATKORT) LINE, THIRD GENERATION. I07 

tell US you teat the French, if so, you must have taken a great deal of Rum 
from them, and can better spare us some of that Liquor to make us rejoice 
with you in tlie \'ictory." "The Crovernor and Commissioners ordered a 
Dram of Rum to be given to each in a small Glass, calling it, A French 
GLissy I'he next day the Indians demanded more of the rum, this time 
in large English Glasses. •' I'lie Indians gave, in their Order, five Yo-bahs ; 
and the honorable Governor and Commissioners calling for some Rum and 
some middle sized \Vine Glasses, drank Health to the Great King of Eng- 
land and the Six Nations and put an end to the Treaty by three loud Huz/as, 
in which all the Company joined." 

Mr. Whitham Marshe, secretary for the Maryland Commissioners, 
wrote an account of these conferences (at Lancaster on the ^Sth of June, 
17.-I4), stating: " The Commissioners of Virginia had a private treaty with 
the Chiefs, in the Court house, and Col. Lee made them a speech, which see 
in printed Treaty fol. 20, 21, 22." An account of the proceedings and 
the treaty were printed by Benjamin Franklin, Philadel[jhia, 1744; from 
which rare work the following copy of Thomas Lee's address has been 
taken : 

The Commissioners of Virginia desired the Interpreter to let the In- 
dians know that their Brother Assaragoa was now going to give his Reply 
to their answer to his first Speech, delivered the day before ii:i the forenoon. 

" Sachims and ^Varriors of the Six L^nited Nations, 

'•' We are now come to answer what you said to us Yesterday, since what 
we said to you liefore on the Part of the Great King, our Father, has not 
been Satisfactory. You have gone into old Times, and so must we. It is 
true that the irreat King holds Virginia by Right of Conquest, and the 
Bounds of that Conijuest to the Westward is the Great Sea. 

" If the Six Nations have made any Conquests over Indians that may at 
any Time have lived on the AVest-side of the Great Mountains of Virginia, 
yet they never possessed an}' Lands there that we ever heard of. That Part 
was altogether deserted, and free for any People to enter upon, as the Peo- 
ple of Virginia have done, by Order of the Great King, very justly, as well 
as by an ancient Right, and by its being freed from the Possession of any 
other, and from any Claim even of you the Six Nations, our Brethren, until 
within these eight Years. The first Treaty between the Great King, in be- 
half of his Subjects of \'irginia, and you, that we can find, was made at 
Albany by Col. Henry Courscy, Seventy Years since; this was a Treaty of 
Friendshij) when the first Covenant Chain was made, when we and you 
became Brethren. ' '• 



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" The next Treaty was also made at Alliany, about fifty-eight Years ago, 
by the Lord Howard, (iovenior of \'irginia; then }OU declared yourselves 
Subjects to the Crreat King, our Father, and gave up to him all your Lands 
for his Protection. Tiiis you own in a Treaty made by the Governor of 
New York with you at the sauie Place, in the Year 16S7, and you express 
yourselves in these Words: 

'* ' P)rethren, you tell us the King of England is a very Great King and 
why should not you join with us in a very just Cause, when the French join 
with our Enemies in an unjust Cause? O, Ijrethren, we see the Reason of 
this; for the French would tain kill us all and when that is done, they 
would Carry all the Bea\er ']>ade to Canada, and the Great King of Eng- 
land would lose the L-aiid likewise; and therefore, O, Great Sachim, 
beyond the Great Fakes, awake, and suffer not those poor Indians, that 
have given themselves and their Lands under your Protection, to be de- 
stroyed by the French witlioul a Cause.' 

" The last Treaty we shall speak to you about is that made at Albany by 
Governor Spotswood, which you have not recited as it is; For the white 
People, your iUethren of \'irginia, are in no Article of that Treaty pro- 
hibited to pass and settle to the Westward of the Great Mountains. It is 
the Indians, tributary to A'irglnia, that are restrained, as you and \our 
triliutary Indians are from passing to the Eastward of the same Mountains, 
or to the Southward of the Cohongorooton, and you agree to this .\rticle 
in these Words: 'That tlie Great River of Potowmack and the high 
Ridge of Mountains, which extend all along the Frontiers of Yirginia to 
the Westwartl of the present Settlements of that Colony, shall be for ever 
the established Boundaries between the Indians sul)ject to the Dominion of 
Yirginia, and tb.e Lulians belonging and depending on the Five Nations; 
so that neitlier our Indians shall not, on any Pretence whatsoever, pass to 
the Northward or Westward of the said Boundaries, without having to pro- 
duce a I'assport under the Hand and Seal of the Governor or Commander in- 
chief of Virginia; nor your Indians to pass to the Southward or Eastward 
of said P>oundaries, without a Passport in like Manner from the Governor 
or Comuiaiider-in-chief of New York.' 

" .\nd what Right can you have to Lands that you have no Right to walk 
upon, but n[iun certain Conditions? It is true, you have not observed this 
part of the Tre;ity, and your Brethren of \'irginia have not insisted u{)on 
it with a due strictness, which has occasioned some Mischief. 

" This Treaty has been sent to the Governor of \'irginia by Order of the 
Great King, and is what we must rely upon, and being in Writing is more- 
certain than your .Memory. That is the Way the white People have of 



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STRATFORD MNE, THIRD GENERATION. IO9 

preserving I'ransactions of every Kind, and transmitting them down to 
their Childrens Children for ever, and all iJisputes among them are settled 
by this faithful kind of f'^-idence, and must l)e the Rule l)et\veen the Great 
King and you. This Treaty you Sachims and ^^'arriors signed some years 
after the same Governor Spotswood, in the Right of the Great King, had 
been, with some People of Virginia, in possession of these very Lands, 
which you have set up your late Claim to. . . . 

" Brethren, This Dispute is not between Virginia and you; it is setting 
up your Right against the Great King, under whose Grants the People you 
complain of, arc settled. Nothing but a Command from the Great King 
can remove them ; they are too powerful to be removed by any Force of 
you, our P.rethren ; and the Great King, as our common Father, will do 
equal Justice to all his children ; wherefore we do believe they will be con- 
firmed in their Possessions. 

''As to the Road you mention, we intended to prevent any Occasion for 
if, liy making j)eace between you and the Southern Indians, a few years 
since, at a consideral>le Expense to the Great King, v/hich you confirmed at 
Albany. It seems by your being at War with the Catawbas that it has not 
been long kejjt by you. However, if you desire a Road, we v/ill agree u{)on 
the Terms of the Treaty made with Col. Spotswood, and your People, be- 
having themselves orderly like Friends and Brethren, shall be used in their 
Passage through \'irginia with the same Kindness as they are when they 
pass through the I,ands of your Brother Onas. This, we hope, will be 
agreed to by you, our Brethren, and we will abide by the Promise made to 
you Yesterday. 

" We may proceed to settle what we are to give you for any Right you 
may have, or have had, to all tlie Lands to the Southward and Westward of 
the Lands of your Brother, the Governor of Maryland, and of your Brother 
Onas; Tho* we are informed that the Southern Indians claim these very 
Lands that you do. We are desirous to live with you, our Brethren, accord- 
ing to the old Chain of Friendship, to settle all these Matters fairly, and 
honestly; and, as a Pledge of our Sincerity, we give you this Belt of Wam- 
pum." 

Which was received with the usual Ceremony. 

As a result of this conference, a treaty was made by which the Indians, 
in consideration of ^/T4oo paid and a promise of further payments, granted 
the Virginians the right to settle the land west of the mountains to the Ohio 
River. The two following letters tVom Thomas Lee, then acting as Gov- 
ernor of the Colony, to C^o^•ernor Hamilton, of Pennsylvania, are in rela- 
tion to the settling of these lands: • 



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no V LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

"Stratford, 2 2d November 1749. 

"Sir, 

." I had the Pleasure to congratulate You on your arrival to your Gov- 
ernment by the Fa\ our of my Friend Mr. Strettell ; I had great satisfaction 
when I heard of your. being advanced to that Honourable Station, because I 
had a very great Esteem for You ever since I had the Honour to know You. 

" Upon Sr. William Gooch's leaving this Colony the Government here 
has devolved upon me as eldest Councellor, and I hope the good Agree- 
ment that will subsist between us will be of service to both Governments. 

" I am sorry that so soon I am obliged to complain to You of the in- 
siduous behaviour, as I am informed, of some traders from your Province, 
tending to disturb the Peace of this Colony and to alienate the Affections 
of the Indians from Us. 

" His Maje.>ty hns been graciously pleased to grant to some Gentlemen 
and Merchants of London and some of both sorts of this Colony, a large 
Quantity of Land West of the Mountains, the design of this Grant and one 
condition of it is to Erect and Garrison a Fort to protect our trade (from 
the French) and that of the neighboring Colonies, and by fair open Trade 
to engage the Indians in Afiection to his Majestie's Subjects to supply them 
with what they want so that they will be under no necessity to aj>ply to the 
French, and to make a very strong Settlement on the Frontiers of this 
Colony, all which his Majesty has approved and directed his Governor here 
to assist the said Companv in carrying their laudal)le design into Execu- 
tion : but your Traders have prevailed v/ith the Indians on the Ohio to be- 
lieve that the Fort is to be a bridle for them, and that the roads which the 
Company are to make is to let in the Catawbas upon them to destroy them, 
and the Indians naturally jealous arc so possessed with the truth of these in- 
sinuations that they threaten our Agents if they survey or make those roads 
that they have given leave to make, and by this the carrying the King's 
Grant into execution i> at present impracticable. Yet these are the Eands 
purchased of the Six Nations by tb.c Treaty of Lancaster. 

"I need not say any more to prevail with you to take the necessary 
means to put a stop to these mischievous practices of those Traders. We 
are informed that there is Measures designed by the Court of France that 
will l.)e mischievous to these Colonys which will in Prudence oblige L's to 
unite and not divide the Interest of the King's Subjects on the Continent. 
I am with Esteem \' Ilespect,'' &:c. 

"Stratford, 20th December, 1749. Sir, Since the Letter I had the 
Pleasure to write You I have' found it neccssarv to write to the Lords ot the 



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'.|ji., iir>.-,-;;ii J;. -■! 



SIRATFORP LINE, THIRD GENERATION. Ill 

Treasury desiring their Lordships to obtain the King's Order for running 
tlie dividing Line bot^\•i.\t this Colony and Yours, else many difficultys will 
arise upon the seating the Large Grants to the Westward of the Mountains. 
In the case of the l-'arl of Granville and Lord Fairfax this method was 
taken and Commissioners appointed \>y his Majesty and those noble Lords. 
I thought it proper to aquaint you with this Step that there might be no 
Surprize and that a matter of such Consequence may meet with as little 
Delay as the Nature of it will admit. I am with all possible Esteem," &:c. 

The grant referred to was that of 500,000 acres situated in the present 
counties of Jefferson aiid Columbiana in Ohio, and in Brooke county, West 
Virginia. This was probably the first effort of the English to settle any of 
the territory " Westward of the Mountains." It is said that Thomas Lee 
was the originator of the project ; ' he was certainly the first president of the 
company ; at his death, he was succeeded by Lawrence Washington. 

The " order of the Committee of the Council, referring to the Lords 
of Trade, the petition of John Hanbury et als, incorporators of the Ohio 
Company, 9 Febr. t;.^", B. T. Va. vol. 20," reads: 

Whereas His Majesty was pleased by His Order in Council of the ilth of last month 
to referr unto this Committee tlie humble Petition of John Hanbury of London, Merchant, in 
behalf of himself and of Thomas Lee Esq. a Member of His Majesty's Council and one of 
the Judges of the Supreme Court of Judicature in His Majesty's Colony of Virginia, Thomas 
Nelson Esqr. also a Member ot His Majesty's Council in ^"irginia, Colonel Cressup, Colonel 
William Thornton, William Nimmo, Daniel Cressup, John Carlisle, Lawrence Washington, 
Augustus Washington, George Fairfax, Jacob Gyles, Nathaniel Chapman and James Wood- 
rop Esq''«% all of His Majesty's Colony of Virginia and others for settling the Country upon 
the Ohio and extending the British Trade beyond the Mountains on the Western confines of 
Virginia, \c. (See 0/:io I'ti.Vcy in Colonial Days, by Berthold Fcrnow, Albany, 1S90.) 

The Ohio Company sent out, as their agent, one Christopher Gist, who 
established his first trading post not far from the site of the present city of 
Pittsburg. He was the ilrst Englishman to settle beyond the Allegheny 
Mountains. 

Though Thomas l,ee may have been a person of some influence in his 
day, he is known rather for his many distinguished sons than for his own 
individual merit. For it has seldom fallen to the lot of any man to rear 
six sons who took an active and patriotic part in the service of their coun- 
try, at least four of whom were distinguished for their unselfish patriotism 
during the Revolutionary struggle. Of these sons Mr. Campbell has written : -' 



' " Mr. Thomas Lcp, president of the Council of Va., took the lead in the concerns of the company at 
the oiitAet, and by m.iny h.is hern consicjered its founder." (Irving, Life c/ U'azkinstan , 1, 46.) 
- Introduction to the History r/ {-a., 1847. 



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112 I.F;E of VIRCINIA. 

"As Westmoreland, ih&h- ii.itive county, is distini^nished above all 
others in Vir-inia as the birthplace of genius, so perhaijs no other Virginian 
could boast of so many distiir^uisVied sons as rresidentl.ee." 

President John Adanis (who was not usually lavish in h's {iraise of any 
one) wrote in after years to Richard Bland Lee: 

" QuiNCY, II Auj^nist, 1819. 

"I thank you for your oration on the red-letter day in our national 
calendar, which I have read with minLjled emotions. An invisible spirit 
seemed to suggest to me. in my left car, 'Nil admirari, iiil contemnere;' 
another spirit, at my right elliow, seemed to whisper in my ear, ' Digito 
compesce labellum.' I'.ut 1 will open my lips, and \siil say that your 
modesty and delicacy have restrained you from doing justice to your ov.-n 
name, that band of brothers, intrepid and unchangeable, who, like the 
Greeks at Thermo[.yla?, stt).>d in the gap, in the defence of their country, 
from the first glimmering of the Revolution in the horizon, through all its 
rising light, to its perfect day. 

" Thomas [Ludwell] l.'-e. on whose ] -raises Chancellor ^V'ylhe delighted 
to dwell, who has often said to me that Thonris Ree was the most popular 
m.an in Virginia, and the delight of the eycs of every \'irginian, but wlio 
would not engage in public life; Richard Henry Lee. whose merits are bet- 
ter known and acku'jwleiigcd, and need no illustration P'om me ; Lraricis 
Lightfoot Lee, a man of gie;it reading well linderstood, of sound judg- 
ment, and inflexible perseverar.ee in the cau>e of his comitr\' ; William Lee, 
who abandoned an advantageous establishment in l-mgland from attachment 
to his countrv, and was able and faithful in lier service ; Arthur Lee, a man 
of whom I ciunot think witi'.out emotion ; a man too early in the service 
of his couiitrv to avoid Uiakin'i a mulupiii itv o( enemies; too honest, u'p- 
right, faithful, and intrepid to be popular ; too often obliged by his princi- 
ples and feelings to opjio^e Machiavellian intrigues, to avoid the destiny he 
suffered, 'i'his man never hini justice done him by his country in his life- 
time, and I fear he never will have by posterity. His reward cannot be in 
this world." (Z{/i' a/iJ li't'r^-s of John Adams, X, 382.) 

Thomas Lee was married, in May. 172^. to Hannah, second daughter of 
Colonel Pliiliii Ludwell, of (■rrc-ens])ring, James City county, an associate of 
the Council. She\'i.is bcrn at " Rich .Neck." in Hruton p.uish, James City 
county, the ^lii o\ December, 1701 ; difd at Stratford, 25th of January, 
1749, and was buried in the o\A family bur\!iig ground, called the " Rurnt 
House Lields," at Mt. Plr,, .uit. Her tuuiiiiitwne is no'.\' to be seen at 



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MRS. THOMAS LEE. 



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STRATFORD LINE, THIRD (lEN'ERATlON. H^ 

Stratford, whithei it was removed for preservation, j)rol)ably by General 
Henry Lee, who built the new vault at that place. The following is a copy 
of a bond given by Thomas Lee on the eve of his marriage. The original 
bond is in his writing : 

Know all men by these presents that Thomas Lee of Westmoreland County in Vir- 
ginia, Gentleman, and FVancis Ijghtfoot of Charles Citty County, Gentleman, doe owe and 
stand indebted to Philip Ludwell of Greenspring in James Citty County in Virginia, Esq., 
in the Sum of twelve hundred pounds of Lawfull money of England to the payment whereof 
well and truely to be made to the said Philip, his Execut"s, Administrators nr Certain 
Attorney at Greenspring upon demand, we bind ourselves and either of us, our and either of 
our heirs, Execut's and Administrators, jointly and Severally firmly by these presents 
sealed with our Seals and dated this twenty third day of May, Anno Domini one thousand 
Seven hundred and Twenty two. 

The Condition of this Obligation is such that whereas a Marriage is intended to be 
had and Solemnized betwixt the .A.bove bound Thomas Lee and Hannah, the Daughcer of the 
above said Philip, with whome the said Thomas is to have and receive in Marriage six 
hundred pounds sterling money of England which was given to her by Philip Ludwell and 
Benjamin Harrison, Esqrs. her grandfathers: now if the said Marriage shall be had and 
Solemnized and the said six hundred pounds sterling shall be paid to the said Thomas and 
he sh.ill depart this life leaving the said Hannah Surviving, then in that Case if the heirs, 
Execut's or Administrators of the said Thomas or one of them shall pay and deliver to the 
said Hannah upon Demand the Sum of six hundred pounds of guod and Lawfull money of 
England or Such part of the Estate of the said Thomas as the Law appoints for Widows 
dowers, which she the said Hannah shall Choose which Choice shall be made within one 
Month after such decease, if thereunto required and not sooner, then this obligation to be 
void otherwise to remain in full force. Signed (Jvc. 

In this bond it is stated that the marriage " is intended to be had," 
but evidently had not then been solemnized ; in his receipt for the -/'600, 
he mentioned "Hannah my wife." So it would seem evident that the 
marriage took place at Greenspring between the 23d and the 3cth of May. 

Virg'a Greenspring May ye 30th, 1722. Received of Philip Ludwell Esq'r. one set of 
bills of Exchange drawn by him on Mr. Micajah Perry, merch't in London for Six hundred 
pounds payable to me which is in full payment (when paid) of one Legacy of one hundred 
pounds given by Benja: Harrison Esq'r to Hannah my wife and also of five hundred pounds 
sterl: given to my s'd wife by the last will of Philip Ludwell Esq'r her grandfather and I do 
hcreVjy Requit ye first named Philip the father of my wife from ye same and every part thereof 
Witness my hand the day and vear above written. ■, 

The following letter, evidently written to Philip Ludwell, is interesting; 
this copy is from the original ; part of the date is torn : 

" Colo. Tavloes 16 Aug. 172-. 
** Hon'' Sir, I lately rec'ji a letter from Mr. Robertson to send ^^rs. 
Drysdale what was due from the ships and clerks to the late Governor and by 



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114 ^^-^ ^^ VIRGINIA. 

my Unkle T. Corbin I liave sent her hills for the ship dues iho' I Have not 
rec'd them, because they are under my collection as Naval olT'r; but what 
is due from tn.e clerks I cou'd not pay. because they have not sent mee an 
acc't what is due, tho' I hnve wrote them Mrs. Drysdales desire and the neces- 
sity of their speedy Answer upon the occasion of her Going for P^ngland. 
Mr. Cocke indeed writes nice he is out of cash not Expect'g to be called on, 
until! October and I don't think it safe to pay money for the clerks before 
I receive it. 1 suppose tiie Gov'r made a will soe yt. Mrs. Drysdales rents 
will be good for the money I pay. 

"The lower hous of Assembly purs't to the Cover' of Maryl'ds speech 
(here inclosed) did pass a bill to lessen the q'ty of Tob: but clogg'd soe y't 
the Council cou'd not ])ass it without amendments, which would not goe 
down with them below. Tlien the Coun'l prepared and pas'd a bill to prevent 
the tending seconds and resvuiating the time of ship'g Tob: w'ch the lower 
hous threw out upon once reading. Tliis last draft is to be sent over to the 
councel here, and soe all their projects for to mend the Tob: trade are come 
to nothing. The dry weather has done great hurt both there and here to the 
crops especially of Corn. 

''I hope this will find ye all in good health, my wife writes to JVfad'm 
Ludwell, whom 1 pray Give my duty and accept it yourself very heartily 
presented by Dear Sir. Y'r m.osi Obed't dutyfull son and ser't." 

Where 'i'homas Lee lived during the first years of his married life is a 
matter of sou^ie doubt. It seems most probable that his first home was at 
" Mt. Pleasant," and that tlie loss by fire, uf which his son William wrote, 
was the destruction of that mansion. It is certain that the house at " Mt. 
Pleasant " uas burned early in tlie last centur\-, but there is no evidence of 
a fire ever having occurred at Stratford. If (\)ueen Caroline gave Thomas 
Lee a " bountiful present out of her own privy purse," while she was Queen, 
she must have given it between 1727 and 1737, as she became a Queen in 
the former year and died in the latter. As Princess of ^Vales, she would 
hardly have possessed sufficient means to make a large present. It seems, 
therefore, highly probable that the Stratford house was erected about 1725— 
30, hardly later, as it is said that all of Thomas Lee's sons were born in 
that mansion. 

An old mansion has been declared to be a history in itself; its rooms 
being the chii)ters ; its stories, volumes; its turniture, illustrations, and its 
inmates the characters. Such a mansion is certainly an illustration of the 
customs, habits, and mode of life of the period in which it was built and 
inhabited. .\nd this thouglu seems to be applicable to Stratford for many 



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ON',' ■ 'i 



STRATFORLi LINE, THIRD CENERATION. H5 

reasons. Since it was erected u[)on the banks of the historic Potomac, 
American history has been made, and some prominent actors in that history 
were born under its roof. .At the time of its building, the American Colo- 
nies were few in number, and weak in strength, hardly able to defend their 
homes from the marauding Indian. Spotswood and his daring followers 
had only recently crossed " the Great Mountains," and looked upon the 
beautiful valley of Virginia. The imagination of to-day can hardly realize 
that there was ever a time when such a trip could be considered a daring 
venture, and the suggestion of such an idea seems a joke. -'Early in his 
administration," writes Howe, '-'Spotswood, at the head of a troop of horse, 
effected a passage over the lilue Ridge, which had previously been consid- 
ered an im]ieneirable barrier to the ambition of the whites, and discovered 
the beautiful valley which lies beyond. In commemoration of this event, 
he received from the king the honor of knighthood, and was presented with 
a miniature golden horse-shoe, on which was inscribed the motto, Sic jurat 
transcendere monies — Thus he swears to cross the mountains." Since that 
time a new nation has been l)orn and grown to manhood ; from infantile 
dimensions, a narrow strip of inhabited land, hugging the Atlantic as if 
afraid to loosen its hold on the mother country, its habitations have extended 
from ocean to ocean, from the great lakes to the gulf. The war of the 
Revolution, with its heroes and patriots, has come and gone. All these 
changes has Stratford witnessed, yet it remains to-day solid and strong, a 
monument of the past age in which it was erected, and had it no other 
claim to distinction, it might surely rank as one of America's historic man- 
sions. But it possesses much greater claims than mere age ; as the birth- 
place of tv.-o signers of the Declaration of Independence, and of two others 
who represented their country at the courts of Europe, during the earlier 
years of that struggle, it is hallowed by memories which no other mansion 
in America can share. There, too, on the 19th of January, 1S07, was born 
Robert Edward Tee, an event well worthy of being the last act in the great 
drama, of which Stratford has been the stage. 

Bishop Meade wrote many years ago: "Some mournful thoughts will 
force themselves upon us v.hen considering the ruins of churches, of man- 
sions, and of cemeteries, in Westmoreland. By reason of the worth, talents, 
and patriotism which once adorned it, it was called the Athens of Virginia. 
But how few of the descendants of those v/ho once were its ornaments are 
now to be found in it? Chantilly, Mt. Pleasant, Wakefield are no more. 
Stratford alone remains. Where now are the venerable churches? Pope's 
Creek, Round Hill, Xomini, Leeds, where are they? Yeocomico only 
survives the general wreck. Of old men, mansions, churches, etc., we are 



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Il6 LF.E OK VIR(;iNIA. 

tempted to sav, ' Fuit Ilium, et ingens .doria Dardaniduni.' " (^0!d Churches, 
Families, etc. , II , 171.) 

Stratford house, witli its solid walls and massive, rough hewn limbers, 
seems rather to represent strength and solidity than elegance or comfort. 
Its large rooms, with numerous doors and windows, heated only by the 
large open fireplaces, would to-day scarcely be considered habitable. Nor 
would the modern housewife care to have her kitcb.en placed out in the yard 
some fifty or sixty feet from her dining room. The house was built in the 
shape of the letter H, the cross line being a large hall room of some twenty- 
five by thirty feet, serving as the connecting link between the two wings; 
these wings are about thirty feet wide by sixty deep. The house contains 
some eighteen large rooms, exclusive of the hall. The view given here 
represents the rear, the small stairway leads up to the rear door of the hall 
room. The room to the right, as one faces the picture, is the l»ed room in 
which tradition states that Richard Henry Lee and his brothers were born ; 
also, General P>.obert E. I.ec. The hall room was, in those days, used as 
the library and general sitting room. esi)eciaUy in summer, being large, 
airy, well lighted and ventilated. The ceiling is very high, dome shaped, 
the walls are panelled in oak, with book cases set in them ;. back and front 
are doors, leading into the garden, Hanked on either side by windows, as 
shown in the illustration. On the other two sides of this hall, between the 
book cases, are two doors, opening into the wings. Outside, at the four 
corners of the house, are four out-houses, used as storehovises, ofnce, kitchen, 
and such like purposes. .At the corner of the house, to the right of the 
picture given here, but too far off to be seen, was the kitchen, with its 
immense fireplace, which by actual measurement was found to be twelve 
feet wide, six high, and five deep, evidently capable of roasting a fair-sized 
ox. Lying on the grass, there is seen a large, old fashioned shell or cannon 
ball, which tradition says was once fired at the house by an English w^ar- 
ship. In recent years it has served the more useful purpose of a hitchin"- 
block for horses. 

The portions of the stable yet remaining show it to have been very 
large ; the kitchen garden was surrounded by the usual brick wall, much 
remaining at the present time. At the foot of the kitchen garden are the 
remains of the large brick burial vault, of which Bishop Meade wrote: 
" I have been assured by Mrs. Eliza Turner, who was there at the time, 
that it was built by General Henry Lee. The cemetery [vault] is much 
larger than any other in th ^ Xcrthern Xcck, consisting of several apartments 
or alcoves for different branches of the family. Instead of an arch over 
them there is a brick house, perhaps twenty teet square, covered in. A floor 



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> 

♦^ ^ 



STRATIORD I. INF., THIRD flENERATIOX. 



"7 



covers the cemetery. In tlie centre is a trap door, through which you 
descend l)y ? ladder to the apartments below." This brick house having 
fallen into ruin, a late proprietor of Stratford had it torn down and the 
bricks heaped up into a nioimd, which, covered with earth and surmounted 
by the tombstone of Thomas I.ee, would serve as a fitting mark for the un- 
known dead rejiosing underneath. 

Thomas I.ee Shippen, a grandson of Thomas Lee, visited Stratford in 
1790, and wro-c his father these interesting letters, telling of his trip and 
giving his impressions of the places he visited : 

"Alexandria. 15 Sei>t ., 1790. My dear Sir, I arrived here late at 
night before yesterday, and yesterday I was so engrossed by the Lees, who 
abound here, th it I could not find time to write to you. My journey was 
a delightful one from Chestertown to Georgetown, whether spoken of for 
the e.vcelience of the society, my fare, the wealher, or the roads. For I 
overtook, as I told you 1 expected I should, my two valuable friends Messrs. 
Jeflerson and Madison. At Rock Hall, 12 miles from Chcstertown, we 
waited all that day for want of a vessel to take us over, and I never knew 
two men more agreeable than they were. We talked and dined and strolled 
and rowed ourselves in boats, and feasted on delicious crabs. A six hours 
passage o\er tlie luiy for us. and one of eighteen for mv poor Baptist. I 
had made him go with my horses and carriage in a different boat from that 
we went in, as there was not ruom for all, and, wonderful to tell, although 
at one time ihey had got before us on the passage, we arrived 12 hours be- 
fore them. . . . Dined at Georgetown, and at quarter past seven at night I 
left my companions, who accompanied me in the boat to this side of the 
Potomac; they returned to Georgetown, and I came on to .\lexandria, eight 
miles; I tra\e!!ed in the night, a new road, but arrived without anv adverse 
accident, at a little after eight, at my Uncle's house on the banks. My 
hor.ses pertbrmed wonders, my carriage is delightful. 

" Yesterda}-. I passed at Ludwell's seat, a mile trom Alexandria, with 
my L'ncle Fendall, Flora, Ludwell and Molly of Chantilly. The place is 
called Shuter's Hill, and is infinitely handsomer than the one in England of 
that name. The house is handsome and s[)acious. Today they dine with 
us. Tomorrow I pass at Mt. Vernon, and on the day after hope to set off on 
my tour. My Uncle accompanies me throughout the whole of it. Had I 
room I would tell you our plans, but 1 will write again soon, and tell you all. 
My love to all my t'riends, my dear Mamma and yourself in particular." 

(It may be well to explain some points in this letter. The Chester- 






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IlS LEE OI' VIRdNIA. 

town mentioned was in Maryland ; to reach Washington, in those days, 
one drove to Cliestertown, took a boat to Annapolis, and then drove on to 
Washington. The inicle mentioned as his host and his companion on his 
tour, was probably Arthur I.ee, as he then lived in Alexandria and on the 
''banks" of the Potomac. Ludwell and Molly were children of Richard 
Henry J.ee ; Flora v,-as wife of Ludwell and daughter of Philip Ludwell 
Lee, whose widow had married the Mr. Kendall mentioned.) 

''Mount Vernon, i6 Sept., 1790. My dear Father and Friend, This 
is to be sure a delightful place. Nothing seems wanting to render it the fit 
residence of its ou-ner, worthy to employ and amuse the leisure of so great 
a man as our President. 

"I have been here two days, and have seen most of the improvements 
which do honour at once to the taste and industry of our Washington. I 
have been treated a^ usual with every most distinguished mark of kindness 
and attention. Hospitality indeed seems to have spread over the whole 
place its happiest, kindest influence. The President exercises it in a super- 
lative degree, from the greatest of its duties to the most trifling minutia;, 
and Mrs. Washington is the very essence of kindness. Her soul seems to 
overflow with it like the most abundant fountain and her happiness is in 
exact proportion to the number of objects upon which she can dispense her 
benefits. I have some difficulty in leaving them so soon. 

"But I must leave them to talk of the Lees; you know my partiality 
and attachment to them too well to be surprised at my passing my time at 
Alexandria most happily. They are everything I could wish. My cousin 
Flora, who is to be sure a most amiable sweet cousin, has just given us an- 
other image of herself in a little daughter. Nancy of Chantilly [daughter 
of R. H. Lee] is married to Cliaiics Lee, has her father's sense and her 
mother's beauty. Molly [also datighter of R. IL Lee] is like her father and 
only wants affability to make her engaging. Lucinda of Rellevue [daughter 
of Thomas Ludwell Lee] has her brother Tom's sprightliness and is a charm- 
ing girl. 

" I dine with them all tomorrow at Charles Lee's, and in the evening go 
as far as Col. >L-ison's [Gusrstnn Hall, on the Potomac, just below Mt. Ver- 
non]. Our mode of travelling is as follows. Uncle and Nephew in Uncle's 
phaeton ; John the Paptist in Jones' sulky, and Philip the African on horse 
back with the portmantea-u. We go from Col. >Lison's to Richland, Mrs. 
Thomas Lee's [the wiilow] seat, tlicnce to Bellevue, the seat of Mr. Thos. L. 
Lee; to Chatham, u> Man>ficld. the former the seat of Mr. Fitzhu^di, the 
latter of Mr. Mann i'agc ; to Chantilly. to Nomini, to Manokin, to Rich- 



1 1 ./ .•.-.' 



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STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. IIQ 

mond, to Nesting, to Wcstover, to Cawson, to Petersburgh, to Grcenspring, 
my Uncle William's, to Williamsburgh, and then according to my time 
my route will be further detemiined. 

" My having joined those charming men, Jefferson and Madison, though 
it gave me infinite pleas'.ire, cost me money, so that when I arrived here I 
found that 1 was by thirty dollars [)Oorer than when I left you. This, added 
to the necessity, which I find still exists, of giving money to servants, and 
much money too, occasions that of my asking you the favour of a bill for 
$50, or a bank note to that amount, to me here, to be enclosed in a letter 
to the care of Ludwell Lee, Es<]r., Shuter's Hill near Alex'a. 

" Give my love to my dear Mamma, Sister, Uncle, Aunt and cousins, 
and know me unchanged and unchangeably yours." 

" Menoken, 20th September, 1790. My very dear Sir: Altho' your 
request, to give you the news as soon as possible from Westover, seemed to 
urge my speedy departure for that place and to dispense with my writing 
until I arrived there, I cannot deny myself the pleasure I always feel when 
communicating to you my feelings and thoughts. This a{)ology I hope will 
satisfy you for my writing before I arrive at Westover. And now I am to 
speak of Stratford, Chantilly and !\Tenoken I Stratford, the seat of my 
forefathers, is a place of which too much cannot be said ; whether you con- 
sider the venerable magnificence of its buildings, the happy disposition of 
its grounds, or the extent and variety of its prospects. Stratford, whose 
delightful shades formed the comfort and retirement of my wise and philo- 
sophical grandfiither, with what mixture of awe and pious gratification did I 
explore and admire your beauties ! ! What a delightful occupation did it 
afford nif, sitting on one of tlie sofas of the great hall, to trace the family 
resemblance in the portraits of all my dear >b)ther's forefathers, her father 
and mother, her grandfather and grandmother, and so on upward for four 
generations. Their pictures, drawn by the most eminent artists of l-^ngland 
and in large gilt frames, adorn one of the most spacious and beautiful halls I 
have ever seen. There is something truly noble in my grandfather's pic- 
ture, lie is dressed in a large wig, flowing over his shoulders (probably his 
official wig as President of the Council), and in a loose gown of crimson 
sattin, richly ornamented. I mention the dress, as it may serve to convey 
to you some idea of the stile of the picture. But it is his physiognomy 
that strikes you with emotion. A blend of goodness and greatness ; a sweet 
yet penetrating eye, a finely marked set of features, and a heavenly counte- 
nance. Such 1 have almost never seen. Do not think me extravagant; my 
feelings were certainly so when I dwelt with rapture on the portraits of 



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I20 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Stratford, and felt so strong an inclination to kneel to that of my grand- 
father. It was with dilnculty that my Uncles, who accompanied me, could 
persuide me to leave the hall to look at the gardens, vineyards, orangeries 
and lawns which surround the house. 

"Colonel Harry was not at home, so we returned to Chantilly to 
dinner. Chantilly is upon the same river with Stratford, at a distance of 
about three miles, and commands a much finer view than Stratford by 
reason of a large bay into which the Potomack forms itself opposite to 
Chantilly, and a charming little creek whose windings spread across and 
water the space wliich lies before Chantilly and the river. Besides, there is 
a fine island called IJlackstone's that adds to the landscape. At Chantilly, 
you have everything that is most excellent in fish, crabs, wild fowl, and 
e.^quisile meats, the best of liquors, and a most hearty welcome. The 
house is rather commodious tlian elegant. The sitting room, which is very 
well ornamented, is 30 x iS feet, and the dining room, 20 x 24. My 
Uncle has a charming little daughter, whom you remember he mentioned to 
us, his little beauty. Her name is Sally, and she is everything her friends 
could wish. The pleasures which so many agreeable circumstances neces- 
sarily afforded us at Chantill)- were not a little interrupted by the e.xtreme 
indisposition of the feuiily. Exce{)ting Sally, there was "not one of them 
perfectly well. \'ou were frequently wished for ; we never sat down to a 
fine rock-fish, soft crab or wild duck without my Uncie Richard's wishing 
tor you to partake of it. But i must reserve a more particular description 
of them until we meet. Else I should not have room to say a word of 
Menoken. I find my Uncle and .-Vunt Frank as happily situated as it is 
possible in this world, except their want of society, which they have in 
themselves, only. They are prodigiously kind to me and to poor Baptist, 
who has tlie fever and a;;ue. I have e^5capcd ordy by taking a dose of bark 
every day. My Aunt is both Baptist's nun.e and mine. She often talks of 
you and Philadelplria. What a favourite you are in Virginia 1 Attribute it 
not to flattery, when I say what I really think, tiiat you ought to be so cverv- 
where. God bless yuu, my dear Father. I ()ray you. Sir, always to re- 
member me most affectionately to all my dear relations, and friends. Mv 
dear Mama, and Sister in particular. My Uncles and Aunts all desire me 
to remember them particularly to you." 

The last will and testament of Tlloma^ Lee, though very long, is inter- 
esting and gives a fair idea of the man. It also shows him to have acquired 
quite a large estate. The will was dated 2 2c\ February, 1749, and pro- 
bated in Westmoreland 30th July, 1751. 






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STRATFORD LINE, THIRP GENERATION. 121 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Thomas Lee of Stratford in the County of Westmore- 
land in Virginia, Esnuire, President and Commander-in-cliief of tlie said Colony being 
thanks be to God of sound Perfect and disponing sence and memory; do make and 
declare this my Last Will and Testament, all written in my own hand this twenty-second 
day of February in the year of Our Lord C»ud one thousand seven Hundred forty and nine, 
1749-50. First, my ;oul 1 doe resign vviUi all Humility and Sinceiity to the Lord God of 
the Heavens, my Creator, from whom my sinfull tiesh received it in steadfast hope of mercy 
and forgivenes-. of all my sins and offences by the sufferings and merits of his beloved son 
Jesus Christ, the Saviour and Redeemer of all men. Amen. Amen. Amen. As to 
my Body, I desire if it Pleases God that 1 dye anywhere in Virginia if it be Possible I 
desire that I may be buried between my Late Dearest wife and my honoured Mother and 
that the Bricks on the side next my wife, may be moved, and my Coftin Placed as near hers 
as is Possible, without moving it or di-.turbing the remains of my Mother. Having observed 
much indecent mirth at Funerals, I desire that Last Piece of Human Vanity be Omitted 
and that attended only by some of those friends and Relations that are near, my Body may 
be silently intered with only the Church Ceremony and that a P'uneral sermon for Instruc- 
tion to the living be Preached at the Parish Church near Stratford on any otiier Day. 

In the next place I desire my Ex'ors to p ly all my just Debts without delay or Trouble, 
all but Trifles may be found on my Book. 

Item. I give and devise to my Eldest son all my Lands in the Countys of Westmore- 
land and Northumberland to my Eldest son and the heirs male of his body lawfully be- 
gotten forever, and for want of such Is^ue to my second son and the heirs male of his 
Body Lawfully begotten forever, and for want of such Issue to my Third son and the heirs 
male of his Body Lawfully begotten forever, and for want of such Issue I give the said 
Lands to my Eldest son and his Heirs forever, and my will is, and upon this Express Con- 
dition it is that I have Entailed these Lands on my second and third sons, in Case of 
Failure of heirs male, that my second or third sons to whom these Lands shall descend do 
Pay respectively to the Heirs Female of my Eldest or Second son as the Case may be two 
Thousand Pounds sterling which either the second or third sons failing to doe I revoke 
those gifts and then as Heirs it will descend to the lemale Issue of my Eldest son as I desire 
it shou'd. 

Item. I give and bei^ueath to my Eldest son and his heirs forever all my Lands on the 
Eastern Shoare of .Maryland and called Rehoboth, my two Islands, Moreton and Eden in 
Cohongaronto or Potomack, 3,600 on the broad run of Potomac and to include half the 
good Land on Cohongaronto or Potomac, which is my first Patent, Survey by Thomas 
Stooper Surveyor and all my Land at or near the falls of the Potomac in three Patents or 
deeds Containing in the three Patents above 3,000 acres, all these Lands, I give n\y Fldest 
son in fee simple and I give my said son all the Utensils on the said Lands. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my second son and the male Heirs of His Body Law- 
fully begotten forever, the remainder of all my Lands between Goose or Lee Creek and 
broad Run joining to the Land I have given my fust son, all the Lands I hold on Difficult 
run except 800 acres hereafter given to my fourth son, all nn' Land in the County of .'Staf- 
ford all w^h Lands I give to my second son in fail male as af's'd, and in Case of failure 
of such Issue then I give all the said Lands to my Eldest son in tail male, and for want 
of such Issue to my third and other son-i in tail male U[-.oa this Express Condition that 
which ever of my sons these Lands Descend on for want of male Issue of my second son, 
that such son shall before he enters on the said Lands p.ay to the P'emale Issue of my said sec- 
ond son fifteen hundred pounds sterling, otherwise this gift to all but my second son to be void. 



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122 I>EE OF VIRGINIA. "^ 

Ileni. I give and bcque:i»li tc my third son and the heirs innle of his Body Lawfully 
begotten foicvor, all my Lands in I'riiice \\'i!liain County Containing by deed from the 
Prop'rs Oi.'ic- 4,2C>o acres iiv>re or less, and in case of Failure of sucli Issue to my fourth 
and other Vinnr^er sons in Tnil nv-le, and which-;-, er of niy sons shall take by virtue of this 
Gift, I will and direct shall j.ay Female Lssue of my said third Son one thousand pounds 
Sterling before entry into the said Lands, which if he fails to doe then I declare my gift to 
him to be void. 

Item. I give and bcqn- nth to my fourth son and the heirs male of his Body Law- 
fully begotten forever all my I^aiids on Horse I'en run and Stallion Branch and Soo acres 
of Land hi.= clioice in any one rir.c: out of iny Lauds on Dihlcult run in Fairfax County, 
but my meaning is that he shall chuse it on any erne side of the Land, and not in the mid- 
dle, my design being to give him a Convcn't Place to live on with a good Spring and high 
Ground, and for want of Issue as above I give the said L.inds on horse pen Run to my third son 
in tail male, and to my other younger sons in tail male, but with this Proviso that whichever 
son takes these Lands otlier t'lan my fourth shall before he enters Pay to the Female heirs 
of my Fourth son Eight Hundred Pounds Current unmey and in case he fails the Gift to 
be void, and f<;ir want of sucli Issue male as afrM 1 give the Soo acres on difiicult to 
my sccorui .-o:! in t.aii maU- and for want of such Issue to my Eldest son in fee. Item. I 
give to my Daughter Alice one thousand Pounds -Sterling to be paid her at twenty-one 
years of age or day of marriage and till such time I desire her a reasc.nable maintenance, 
board and educ:ition out of my Es'ate. Item. Whereas I have a long Lea.se of Land in 
Cople Parish in which the fee is in my Nephew George Lee, my will and desire is that 
my Eldest son do Convey to ye .said George Lee all my right to the said Land to the 
said George Lee in tail male for tl:e consideration of three hundred Pounds Sterling first 
to be paid by the said George Lee to my said Eldest son, and in Case of failure of male 
Issue of the said George I.er thrit the said Lands return to my Lawful! lleir male he pay- 
ing to the Heirs Female of the said George Lee a proportion of the said tliree hundred 
pounds Sterbng as shall be with relation to the time to Come in the said Lease from the 
time of the said Purchase money being paid, but one acre where my Ilon'd Father is 
Buryed is not to be in this Purcha.se and sale, but remain as on the first sale to mc, not to be 
disposed of upon any pretense wliatsoevcr. 

Item, 'j'o my fifth son, I give one thotisand I'ound . Sterling to be paid at Twenty one 
years of age, ar.d till then to be niaintained and I'ducated out of my E-ta'.e. Item. To my 
si.vth son, I give one thousand T'ounds Sterling to be p::id at twenty one years cf age, and till 
then to be maintained and educated out of my Estate. Item. I desire and impower my 
E.x'ors who I appoint Guardians to my children to educate my children in such manner as 
they third', hit Religiously and virtuou.-ly and if necessary to bind them to any profession or 
Trade, soe that they may Learn to get their Living honestly. Item. I give my stock in 
Trade in Comi>any with Col. Tay'oe and Mr. Anthony Strother to which of my two youngest 
Sons my E.v'ors shall think fitt, such son paying to my tu-o Daughters Hannah Corbin and 
Alice and the cither Brother to each a fourth Pait of the .'>tock in money or Bills and in such 
time as my said Ex'ors shall think titt. Item. I give my share in the Stock in trade and 
the Profit of the Land to be graiited by Virtue of the King's Warrant to my second son he 
paying on every Division made by the Company one equal third part of the Profitts of his 
share to my third and fourth sons to each an equal P:\rt with, himself, or this gift to be void 
and he only to come in for om- thiid to be paid by the Com[)'y and one third to each of his 
two Brothers afs'd. Item. Wherea.s I have giv^n to my Eldest son one Share in the said 
Company both Trade and Land \viiich I paid for him in the Stock in Trade I hereby Con- 
firm iny said Gift Absolutely. 



STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 123 

Item. I give to niy Eldest son one hundred Negroes above ten years old and all of and 
under that age on the Lands I have given him hut what above a loo yt are above ten yrs old 
to be di"ided as hereafter is mentioned, and in this Gift to make up the numbers, I give all 
my Tradesmen, all '.vhich Negroes young and old I annex to the Land given my Eldest son 
to pass and Descend with the said Lands as the Law Commonly Called the Explanatory' 
Law directs. Item. I give to my second son, Fifty Negroes above Ten years of age and all 
the young ones of and under that age that are on the I^nds I have given him annexed and 
to descend as the Land I have given him does. Item. I give to my Third son Forty 
Negroes above ten years of age and all of yt age and under yt are upon the Lands, I have 
given him annexed and to Descend as the Lands I have given him. Item. I give to my 
Fourth son Thirty Negroes above Ten years of age and all of that age and under that are 
on the I^ands I have given him to be annexed and descend as the Land I have given him. 
Item. The Profits of the Naval Oftice according to my Contract w''' Col. Richard Lee, I 
give to my two youngest sons equally and to the survivor of them. 

Item. My Will is and I accordingly desire yt my whole Estate be kept together till 
all my deists and Legacies be settled and Paid. Item. I will and Devise yt if any of my 
younger children dye before twenty one j-t in such case that Legacy be p"d in equal parts to 
such other as live to be twenty o;ie, that is my two daughters and my youngest sons. Item. 
I give to my Second Son my CJold watch and seal. Item. I Give all the Rest and Residue 
of my Estate to my Eldest son and his heirs forever, and the several Bequests and Legacies 
heretofore given I give in lieu and full satisfaction of their Filial portions and so I desire it 
may be taken and understood, and I hope I have Expressed so plainly that a Lawyer will 
not find room to make Constiiictions prejudicial to my Family. Item. I devise and Bequeath 
to my Five younger sons two hundred pounds each towards building and P'inishing each a 
house and tliis legacy I design and order to be paid before m)' Estate is Divided. Item. I 
hereby appoint my Friends and Relations, Richard Corbin, Esqr, my Eldest son Philip Lud- 
well Lee, my son-in-law Gawin Corbin, Esqr, and my second son Thomas Ludwell Lee, 
my Ex'ors and Guardians to my children. Item. I give to each of my sons and Daughters a 
mourning ring of tive pounds Sterling value. Item. I give to my second son the mourning 
ring I had for Col. Grymes. Item. I give to my third son the mourning ring I had for 
Col. Lighlfoot. Item. I give to my Eldest Son the ring Col Custis gave me in bis life time. 
Item. I give to my third son the mourning ring I had for Col Tayloe.' 

There has been some uncertainty as to the Ijnrial place of both Thomas 
Lee and his son, Richard Henry ; the former has ahvays been thought to 
have been buried at Old Pope's Creek church, and the latter at Chantilly. 
But an examination of their wills and other ciata i^roves most conclusively 
that both of them were buried in " the Old Burnt House Fields," at " Mt. 
Pleasant." It requires no proof to show that Ricliard Lee and Lastitia 
Corbin, his wife, were buried at this place, as their toml>stone is still to be 
seen there. Thomas Lee's wife died about a year before her husband, and of 
course had been duly buried ; in his will he desired to be " buried between 



' John Tayloe, Esq., of Richmond county, in hii will (<:iate<l the 3d of Janu.iry, 1744) Itft his " friend and 
kinsm.Tn," Col. Thom.is Lee, a mourning suit, a ring, and /lOo; in .1 codicil (dated 31st of January, 1744), 
he g:\ve hiin ^1^0 additiunal, also a mourning ring to Mrs. Hannah I^e, and to the testator's kinsman. Col. 
Henry, Lee of Westmoreland, £$0. 



124 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

my Late Dearest wife and my Honoured Mother, and that the bricks on 
the side next my wife may be moved and my coffin Placed as near hers as is 
possible, without moviny or disturbing the remains of my Mother." This 
request proves his wife had been buried very near tlie grave of his mother. 
There can be no doubt that Thomas Lee was buried, as he desired, beside 
his wife, for one slab covered the two graves, and has on it the following 
inscription, recently copied, 'i'he slab, now at Stratford, is in perfect con- 
dition, and the inscription as legible as when first cut : 

Here lies Buried the Hoirble Col. I'homas Lee, Who dyed 14 November, 1 750 ; 
Aged 60 years ; and his beloved wife, .Mrs. Har.nah I-ee. She departed this life 25 January, 
1749-50. Their monument is erected in the lower churcli of Washington Parish, in this 
County; five miles above their Country Seat, Stratford Hall. 

Westmoreland was then divided into two parishes; Cople (once written 
"Copeley") occupied the lower part of the county and Washington the 
upper. Cople parish had two churches, Yeocomico and Xominv. Wash- 
ington parish had three: Round Hill, on the ////cv- border, near King 
George county ; Pope's Creek, hnvcr Jozoi, on the main road from West- 
moreland court-house to King George: and Leeds or Bray's church, on 
the Pvappahannock river. Yeocomico alone remains of all these churches. 

.\s Old Pope's Creek church stood about five miles above Stratford, 
and was the lower church of Washington parish, it was evidently the one 
alluded to in the al>ove quoted inscription. Ami it is probable that per- 
sons in after days, seeing the munuuient at this clu'.rch, ver\ naturally sup- 
posed Thomas Lee had been buried there also. 

Bishop Meade has stated that Thomas Lee was buried at Old Pope's 
Creek church, hut gave no reasons for the statement; it is most probable 
he had been informed by i)ersons who had seen the monument. Though 
he visited the church and held services there in iSi2,he saw no tomb- 
stones; on the contrary, he expressly stated that there " the remains of not 
a few were interred, although no tombstones have preserved their names. 
Among those who>e bodies were deposited arounti this church is to be num- 
bered the Hon. Thomas Lee," iVc. He then gives the epitaph from his 
tombstone, and gives an erroneous one : "I take the following inscription 
from his tombstone, which I saw some years since, lying against the wall of 
the family vault at Stratford, 

' In memory of the Hon. Thomas I.ee, whose body was buried at Pope's Creek Church, 
five miles above his country seat, Str.itford Hall, in 1756.' " 

A comparison of this inscription with the correct one, just quoted, 
shows manv errors. The tornh'^tone states that •' their monmnent is erected 



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STRAXrOKD LINE, THIRD CF.NF.RATION. IJg 

in the lower church of Washington Parish, in this County, five miles above 
their Country Seat, Stratford Hall." Fortunately, a copy of the inscription 
once on this monument has been preserved, in the writing of Richard 
Henry Lee ; hut. unfortunately, a part of the manuscript is torn, so that the 
name of the " family burying place " is lost : 

This Monument i< erected to tlie Memory of the Honourable Col". Thomas Lee, Com- 
mander-in-chief and President of His Majesties Council t'or this Colony, descended from the 
very ancient and Hoiiourahle Family of Lees in Shropshire in England, who dyed Novem- 
ber 14, 1750, aged 60 years; and of the Hon'^'^ Mrs. Hannah Lee, his Wife, by Philip 
Ludwell Lee, their eldest son, as a just and dutyfuU Tribute to so excellent a Father and 
Mother, Patterns of Conjugal Virtue. They are buryed eighteen miles from this in the 
family burying place, called the old in Cople Parish, in this Couuty. 

No one can welt doubt that the " family burying place " was in the 
old Burnt House Fields, at " Mt. Pleasant." This was the "one acre 
where my Hon'd Father is Buryed " that Thomas Lee, in his will, desired 
should not "be disj^osed of upon any pretense whatsoever." It was the 
" family bur\-ing place at the burnt House, as it is called," where Richard 
Henry Lee desired to be buried. 

Thomas and Hannah (Ludwell) Lee had the following issue ; names 
and dales were cojned from the family Elible of Richard Henrv Lee, who 
stated he had copied from that of his father at Stratford: 

i, Richard*, born 17 June, 1723 ; died unmarried, before his father. 
ii, Philip Ludwell*. See 16. b. 1/26-7 z^-^' 7/^!"-' 
iii, Hannah ', born 6 February, 1728 ; married Gawin Corbin (who died 
prior to 1760), and left a daughter, Martha, who married George 
Richard Turl>erviile. Philip Ludwell Lee, writing to his brother 
William, under date of 31 May, 1769, said: "Tomorrow Patty 
Corbin and George Turberville are to be married." They had two 
sons: Gawin Corbin and Richard Lee; the latter married his 
cousin, Henrietta, daughter of Richard Henry Lee, and left issue, 
(See Turberville, luuier 3; also 18, vi.) 
iv, John *, born 28 March. 1729, and died the same day. 

V, Lucy*, born 26 September, -^750,; and died unmarried. wir^cU^t a«o^,t5>' .n^t^iL^ j^x \j 
vi, Thomas Ludwell*. See 17, t.'-:?o '~,^ _ a . PT-g4,3 
vii, Richard Henry*. See \'6.o.\~z. t nx-JL^ - li. i-oj."';, 
viii, Francis Lightfoot*. See 10. --.c^-. ' b. ;>7>^"^,, -iroti 
ix, Alice *, born the 4th of June, i 736. at Stratford ; died at Philadelphia. 
on the 25th of March, 1S17; married at London, in 1760, Dr. 
William Shippen, Jr., and had several children, only two of whom 



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126 • LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

lived lo marry. They were: i. Anne Hume, born in 1763; died 
at Plii!:idel]>hia, the 23d of August, 1S41, a:t. 78 years; she mar- 
ried, on the nth of ^[arch, 1781, Col. Henry Beekman Livingston, 
son of Robert R. Livingston, Sr., of Clermont, N. Y. ; they had 
a daughter,. Margaret Beekman, who died unmarried. 2. Thomas 
Lee Shippen, born in 1765; died near Charleston, S. C, on the 
4th of February, 179S; he married, at ''Nesting," Va., on the 
loth of i\Lirch, 1 791, Mrs. Elizabeth (Farley) Bannister, the widow 
of John Bannister, Jr., of A'irginia. (Elizabeth, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Hill) Carter, married Col. William Byrd ^ of "West- 
over," Charles City county, and had, among others, Elizabeth Byrd, 
who married James Parke Farley; their daughter, Elizabeth Carter 
Farley, married John Bannister, Jr., and after his death, Thomas Lee 
Shippen, as stated.) Thomas Lee, and Elizabeth (Farley-Bannister) 
Shippen had two sons; or.ly one of whom left issue: William Ship- 
pen, ^L D., born at "Farley," Bucks county, Pa., the 19th of Linu- 
ary, 1792; died at Philadelphia, the 5th of June, 1867; married at 
Petersburg, on the 14th of February, 1S17, Mary Louise, daughter 
of Thomas and Jane Gray (Wall) Shore, of Petersburg; she' was 
born the 17th of March, 179S; they had ten children, of whom 
the following five lived to be married: i. Jane Gray (born 
in iSiS) married ('S43) Edward Wharton, of Philadelphia, and 
left a daughter, who died unmarried. 2. Alice Lee, born 5th of 
March, 1821; died 27th of January, 1S62; married (1S47) Dr. 
Joshua Maddox Wallace, of Philadelphia, and had three children. 
3. Thomas Lee, born 27th November, 1822; married, on the nth 
of January, 1860, Jane Gray, daughter of Dr. John and Elizabeth 
S. (Shore) Gilliam, and had one son, Williani Shippen. born 21st 
of May, 1S61. 4. William, born 21st of May, 1S25 ; died the 
3d of April, 1S58; married at Italtimore, Achsah Ridgley, daughter 
of Charles R. and Rebecca Ann (Pue) Carroll, and had one^son, 
Dr. Charles Carroll Shij.pen. 5. Edward, M. D., U. S. A., born 
the 23d of June, 1S27; married, on the 3d of December, 187S, 
Mrs. Rebecca Lloyd Post, the widow of Capt. John Eager Howard 
Post (a great-grandson of the famous Col. John Eager Howard, of 
Md.), and the second daughter of James Macon Nicholson, of Bal- 
timore, and Arinthea Darby Parker, his wife; Mr. Nicholson was a 
son of Judge Joseph Iloj^per Nicholson, of Md. Mrs. Shippen is 
also a great-granddaughter of Col. Eduard Lloyd, of "Wye House," 
Talbot county, Md., and Elizabeth Tayloe, of " Mt. Airy," Vn- 



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STRATKORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 



I 27 



ginia, his wife. Dr. and Mrs. .Shipi-en have one son, Lloyd Parker 
Shippen, born the iSth of October, 1S79. ^^- Shippen resides at 
Baltimore, Md. 

X, William *. .See 20. p ::jo~. b. •-3<3 ^'^t - A. i7<^s-^y 

xi, Arthur ^ See 21-. f^*^- ^- i;'a° '/U- ^- y^-'^^'z. 












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THE LUDWELLS. 

Arms : Gules, between two tower? on a bend, arg., three eagles displayed, sable. 
Motto : I pensieri stretti edil viso sciolto. 

The Ludwells are believed to have come originally from Germany and 
to have settled in the county of Somersetshire, England, from whence two 
brothers, Thoma.s and Philip, came to Virginia. They were the sons of 

Thomas Ludwell, and Jane Cotting- 
ton, his wife; she was the daughter 
of James Cottington, of Discoe, in 
the parish of Bruton. This James 
was the son of Philip Cottington, 
Gent., of Godminster, Somersetshire, 
and a brother of Philip, Lord Cot- 
tington, prominent as a statesman and 
diplomat in the reign of Charles the 
Second. 

Thomas, the elder brother, ap- 
parently came to Virginia some years 
before Philip; he was secretary of 
the Council in Virginia, and long a 
prominent supporter of Berkeley ; his 
tombstone, at Williauisburg, sur- 
mounted by the Ludwell arms, has 
this inscription : 

" Under this Marble lieth the Body of Thomas Ludwell, Esqr. , Secre- 
tary of Mrginia, who was born at Bruton in the County of Somerset in the 
Kingdom of England: and who departed this Life in the year 167S : and 
near this place lye the bodies of Richard Kemp Esqr., his Predecessor in 
ye Secretary's Office, and S""- Thomas Lunsford Kt, in Memory of whom 
this Marble is placed by Order of Philip Ludwell, Esqr., nephew of the 
said Thomas Ludwell, in the year 1727." 

About 1660, Philii^.jhe brother of this Thomas Ludwell, came to 
Virginia; he was soon chosen deputy secretary under his brother, and 




.<'i 



128 LF.F, OF VIRGIXIA. 

finally succeeded him in that office, which he held for many years. He 
was, also, a firm adherent of Sir William Berkeley, and appears to have 
been a strong backer of the governor during the troublesome times of 
Bacon's rebellion ; in 1689, he went to England to present a petition to the 
King for redress of certain grievances against Effingham; and was so 
successful in this mission that the House of Burgesses voted a gift of ^'2^0, 
with their hearty thanks; in 1793, he was appointed governor of the 
Carolinas, and aj^pears to have been very aggressive in his administration, 
especially against the jiirates that infested the coast, many of whom he 
hanged. He returned to England, died there sometime after i 704, and 
was buried in the Ludwell vault at Bow Church, then near London. This 
Philip Ludwell was twice married; first, to Lucy, the daughter of Robert 
Higginson, and the widow fsuccessively) of Major Lewis Burwell and of 
Col. Vvilliam Bernard; l)y tliis union. Philip had a son and a daughter. 
He married, secondly, Lady Berkeley, who had also been twice married ■ 
her first husband was one Samuel Stephens, of "Warwick county, and her 

.second. Sir William Berkeley ; she was the daughter of Culpeper, 

and evidently "a high dame," with considerable notion of her own import- 
ance; while the wife of Phibi) Ludwell, she always styled herself "Lady 
Berkeley." So far as known Lady Berkeley had no issue by any of her 
husbands. 

Sir William Berkeley, in his will, left his estate, " Greensprino^," to 
his wife in these words: ''First, I make my deare and most virtuous wife, 
\.?id'<; ffrtuiifs Bi^rkricy, my full and whole executrix of all the goods God 
has blessed me with in this world. AVa7, with my goods, I o-ive her all 
my lands, houses and tenements, whatsoever; and not only to her, />////<? 
avoid a/l call/, to her and her hcires forever." (II Hening, 5S9-) At her 
death, this property apparently passed into the possession of the Ludwells. 

Philip, son of Philii) Ludwell. and Lucy Higginson, his wife, was born 
at '' Carter's Creek, in tlie Parish of Abingdon, in Gloucester County, in 
Virginia, on the 4th day of February, .Anno Dom. 1672, and died Januarv 
II, Anno Dom. 1726-27." He was married on the "eleventh dav of 
November, being Thursday, .Anno Dom. 1697. to Hannah, the daughter of 
Benjamin Harrison of Southarke Parish, in Surry County in Virginia 
Esquire, and Hannah, his wife, who was borne at Indian Fields in the said 
Parish, on the 15th day of December, 16 78, and died April 4, Anno Dom. 
1731." The inscription on her tombstone, in Jamestown churchyard, reads : 

"Lender this Stone lies interred The Body of Mrs. Hannah Ludwell, 
relict of The Hon^'* Col. Philip Ludwell Ksiir., By whom she has left one 



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STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. ' I29 

son and two daughters. After a most exemplary Life spent in Cheerful 
innocence and the Constant F.xercise of Piety, Charity and Hospitality, 
she Patiently Submitted to Death on the 4th day of April, 1731, in the 5 2d 
year of her age." 

Phili[) Ludsvell and Hannah Harrison had three daughters and two 
sons, tAvo of whom died in infancy: i, Lucy, born "at Rich Neck, in 
Bruton Parish, in James City County, the second day of November, Anno 
Dom. 1 698, about 8 of ye clock in the morning, being wenesday." She 
married Colonel John Cryuics, and left issue ; she died on the 2d of No- 
vember. 174.8. 2, llannah. born --at Rich Neck, aforesaid, on the 5th 
day of Deceml^er, anno Dom. 1701, being fryday, about nine of the clock 
at night, and died at Stratford on Potowmack, Januar}- 25, 1749." She 
married TlTuuias Lee. and had issue, as previously stated. 3, Sarah, born 
"at Rich Neck, aforc>aid. the 29th da\ of July, anno Dom. 1704, being 
Saterday, about 8 of ye clock at night. She died January, 6, 1704-5." 
4, Philip, born at •• Circ-ensiaing, in James City Parish and County, on the 
19th day of Janu:uy, Anno Dom. 1705-6, being Saterday, about 10 in ye 
morning; he died the oih of March following. Pie was a very pretty boy, 
like his motlier." ^.Philii.). " borne at Gre-ens|iring aforesaid, in the night 
betvv'ixt frvdav tlie jSth and Satterday the 29lh of December, about 12 ot 
ve clock, .\iino Duni. 1716." H'c married Frances "the daughter of 
Charles Gr\ inc> of Norih I'arnham Pari>h in the count}' ot Richmond, in 
Virginia, Esquire, ar.d Fraiices his wife, daughter of the Hon'ble Edmund 
Jenings of Rippon, iii Vorkshire, in Flngland, Esquire, who was born at 
Morattico, in the aforesaid Count}' and Parish, on ye i9lh day of Novem- 
lier. An. Dom. 171 7. The marriage took place at Morattico afores'', A. D. 
1737." Phili[) Ludv.ell died on the 25th of March, 1767, in England, 
and was buried at l!ow Church. A\'ith his death the male line of the \'irginia 
Ludwells became extinct. He had been a member of the Council in Yir- 
ginia. a-ttd-i-n-t^o^j the S[ieaker ot the Hou^e ot Burgesses. He left three 
daughters: 1. Hannah I'liili[>pa, who was born "at (_}reenspring on Wed- 
nesday, Dec. 21, 1737. at 52 min. past 4 in the niorning, being St. 
Thomas Day. and was cluistened the Tuesday following b} the Rev. Wm. 
Lehein." She was married, at St. Clement Dane's, in tlie County of Mid- 
dlesex, on the 7th of March. 1769, to \\'illiam Lee. (See 20.) 2. Lucy, who 
married, in 1769. John Paiadise, Emp".. of Charles Street, Berkeley Square, 
London, who died in England in 1706 ; she returned to \'irginia in 1S05, 
and died there in 1S14, intestate. Their d.aughter, Lucy, born in liug- 
land about 1770, married, in 17S7, Count Bar/i/a, a \'enetian subject, by 

9 



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130 LEE OF VIRGINIA. . 

whom she had two sons _; one was born at Venice in February, 1789; the 
other in August, 1796; both sons were living in 1819. Countess Barziza 
died at Venice in August, iSoo. 3, Frances, born in 1750; died on the 
14th of September, 176S, unmarried. 

* 

THE SHIPPEN FAMILY. 

Arms: Argent, a chevron between three oak leave?, gules. 
Crest : A bird, close, sable, in its beak an oak leaf, vert. 

Edward Shippen, son of William Shippen, of Yorkshire, England, was 
born in 1639 ; he emigrated to America in 1668, settling at Boston. En- 
tering mercantile life, he speedily amassed a large fortune; was a member 
of the "Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company" of that city. In 
167 1 he married one Elizabeth Lybrand, a Quakeress, and joined that sect ; 
he had been previously of the English Church. On accourit of the "jail- 
ings, whippings, and banishments, fines, li^^zc," meted to the Quakers by 
the Puritans, he was finally compelled to leave ^Massachusetts. Conse- 
quently, in 1693, he closed up his affairs and removed to Philadelphia, 
where he died in 1712. Edward Shippen was evidently a man of much, 
ability, as well proven by the position accorded hini in his new home. 
For shortly after taking up his residence in Philadelphia he v.as chosen a 
mcml)er of the Provincial Assembly and soon elected its Speaker (1695). 
A few years later he was ai>pointtd by Penn the first Mayor of Philadel- 
phia under the new charter (25th of October, 1701). Previous to that ap- 
pointment he had been placed in the Council, and continued a member 
until his death, having served as its President in 1702-4. On remarrying 
he withdrew from the Society of Friends, and shortly afterward from pub- 
lic life. Mr. Shippen built himself a vc:y h.andsome house in Philadelphia, 
v,-hich v,as generally known as the " Governor's house." He was charac- 
terized as having the " biggest person, the biggest house, and the biggest 
coach in the city." His son, Joseph Shippen, prominent in political and 
educational affairs, was born in 1679 at Boston, and died in 1741 at Phila- 
delf.hia. He married Abigail Gross and had quite a large family, only 
three of whom survived him : Edward, Anne, and William. Edward 
(1703-1781) removed to Lancaster, and held many inijiortant positions 
there. He left a son, aLo an Edward (1729-1S06), known as "the 
jurist," who studied law at home and at the Temple in London. Return- 
ing to Philadeljihia. he was appointed, in 1752, a Judge of the Court of 
Vice-Admiralty, and (in 1770) a member of tlie Council. During the Revo- 
lution he app'cars to have symiathized with England ; yet, in 1784, he was 



STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. I3I 

appointed President Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, 
and in 1791 an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the State; in 
1799 the Governor nominated him as Chief Justice, which position he 
held until 1S05. His brotlier, Joseph Shippen (1732-iSio), was educated 
at Princeton, became a Colonel in the Provincial arm}-, and later (1762) a 
member of the Council. He, too, removed to Lancaster, and was a Judge 
of the County Court. Anne, daughter of Josepli and Abigail (Gross) Ship- 
pen, married Charles \Villing. Their third child, \\'illiam Shippen (known 
as " the Elder," to distinguish him from his son, William Shippen, Jr., both 
being physicians uf renown at the same time in Philadelphia), was born at 
Philadelphia on the ist of October, 1712 ; died at Germantov.n on the 4th 
of November, 1801. William gave evidence early in life of an aptitude 
for medicine, by which he later acquired both fame and fortune. Though 
devoted to his |\rofession, he was closely identified with many public inter- 
ests ; was instrumental in aiding to establish the Pennsylvania Hospital, and 
one of its attending physicians for many years ; vras a member and Vice- 
President of the American Philosophical Society; in 1778 he was elected 
by the Pennsylvania .Assembly a member of the Continental Congress and 
again the next year. 

Scarcely less noted was his son. Dr. William Shippen, Jr., who was 
born in Philadelphia. 21st of October, 1736, and died at Germantown, on 
the I ith of July, 1S08. After graduating at Princeton in i 754, he began the 
study of medicine under his father; later, he went to London and studied 
there under the celebrated surgeons, William and John Hunter. Next he 
read at the L^niversity at Edinburgh, where he received the degree of M. D, 
in 1 761. After his settling at Philadelphia, he opened the first systematic 
course of leciurcs on anatomy (1762), which were very successful and v.cre 
really the beginning of the medical department o( the University of Penn- 
sylvania. Dr. Shippen was thoroughly patriotic during the Revolutionary 
struggle, and held various positions as surgeon in the army. He was 
appointed chief physician to ■' the Flying Camp of the Continental Army," 
15th of July, 1776, and later director-general of the military hospitals. He 
married, in 1760, Alice, daughter of Thomas Lee, and had issue, as stated. 

FIekrv Lee. j;. s- . 

6. Henr\- \ fit'th son of Richard Lee'- (Richard ') and Laititia Corbin, 
his wife, w.ii born about 1691 ; and died between tlie 13th of June and 
25th of .August. 1747; he lived at '• Lee Hall," on the Potomac, adjoining 
" Mt. Pleasant." It is probable that he took little or no part in public 
iiffairs, for no records e.\ist of his having done so. He married, about 



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132 : lEE OK VIRGINIA. 

1723-34, Mary, daughter of Colonel Richard TMand, of " Jordans," Prince 

George's county ; she was born the 21st of .-^'igust, T704; died i7<^4- 

On the oppo.-.iie page is givei". a fat simile copy of Henry Lee's commission 
as lieutenant-colonel of the Westmoreland county n:iilitia. 

Henry I.ee made his will the 30th of V^^)'. 1746, and added the last 
codicil the 13th of June, 1747: it was probated, at Westmoieland, the 
25th of August, I 747 : 

In the name of God, Anieii. 1 Ileniy I.ee of ti'.e [lariih of Cople, in. the Couniy of 
Westmoreland, Gent, being sick and weak of body, but of perfect sense and inemor)% Do 
make this my last Will and Testament. First and iiri.;ci}).illy I recommend my Soul to 
Almighty God and my body to the Earth to be decently Bury'd, there to rest in hopes of a 
Joyful resurrection and Union with n;y Soul at the la;t day through the merits .-xnd mediation 
of our Blessed Medi.;t'jr and Kedeemer Jesus Chri.it. And as for what Worldly Estate, 
which it hath pleaded ijod to bestow on me, I gi.e and Ijispose of the sanse in manner snd 
form following. « 

Imprimis I do (Jrder that all Ju,-t Debt^ wiiich 1 do owe be paid first out of my Estate. 
And whereas I have a Suit at law witli Mr. John Cr.nvley of Northumberland Couniy for my 
lauds in the said County which 1 puri-.hased of the lieir of Thomas Matthews dec'd, as by 
Deeds from Westard and Lessinghani assignees of the said Matthews may full} and at large 
appear. It is my \\'il] Intei:tion a:i 1 dcsiic that the said Si'it be Contimied aiid if Uccasion 
that other Suits be brought ag"st the haid Crawley for ti) oLitain the s'd Lands, which he 
unjustly detains from uie, and that [b.e charges thereol be burn and Dcfr.\ycd out of my 
whole Estate. 

It is my Will and desire tiiat my Estate be only Inv^i.tory'd and i>.ot to lie appiaised. 
And it is also my Will and desire that my Estate be kept whole and entire for three years 
after my decease before any Division or any part be taken by any, to whom it is bequeathed. 
I give and bequeath tu rn\' Son \o\\n and to his heirs foie-.cr, the plantation and Tracts of 
Land in Machotique iSeck, that 1 now mention, Vi.'/t. the 1 ands called King Copsco on 
Potomac river, whicli I bcaight of h'hn Wright and William Chandler and Deliverance, his 
Wife, and of Susanna Apjdeyard and the Land and I'lintations I bought of Col". Henry 
Fit/hugh, and all the sevnr:u Tricts or parcels of L.ir.d I boLight of Samuel Altwell, as by the 
several Deeds will more plainly anil at large appear. I give and bequeath to my Son lohn 
and to his Heirs, One hundred acre> or ninrc of Land in Marhoti((ue Neck, as contained in a 
Lease from the late Daniel .McCarty Gent, dec'd. ti.> Franii- Attwell, which I purchased of 
the said Francis Atwell. 

I give and bequeath to my Son [ohn and to hi-^ llei:s forever, Eighteen --laves, Vi.;"t. 
Old Will, Absalom, Solomon, Ceaaar. Peter, Ilowels, Jack, Toney, Sue, Sue's Sarah. Sue"s 
Lettv, .Sue's Winney, Lucy, Dave}", ]^^'?, .'-lisj, and Cyruss now are on the aforesaid Lands, 
and from my Dwelhng plantation Ke:! and \\'iuney's Nan, and after m}' Wife's death, I give 
to my Son John and to his lieirs furc\er tuo more slavc~, \'i/.'t. Old I'.ett}- and Cupid, I give 
to my Son John a servant man called Smith. I give and be^jueath to my Son Richard and 
to his Heirs forever all the Laudt, I'laniatioris and Hoine^ where 1 now live, being ail the 
Lands given and bequeathed to me by my Honoured Father Col. Richard I.ee dec'd., as by 
his last Will and Testament will -'.w-'ii: plainly appe.u', and all the several plant.itions and 
Tracts of Lai;d which I ii.ivc at Suiid.ry times bought ci\ pj^cph Chandler, lolin Chandler, 
John Byard, [ames Bysrd., William ( >.\hird and Frances, Ids Wife, by the several Deeds will 



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STRATFORD LIXE, THIRD GKNERATION. I J3 

nioic plainly apj.ear. Aiul al-o One hundred anil one acres of [ and more or less in M.uho- 
tique Neck, which I bouijht ut" Riciiard Kenner. I give and be^iucath lo my Son Richard 
and to his Heirs forever all my Lands and Plantations in Northumberland Coimty which I 
bought of the Heir of Tlujtnas .Maithews dec'd. as by Heeds from Westard and Lessingham 
assignee.-, nf the said Matthews mny more fully appe;ir. T give and bequeath to my son 
Richard and to his fleivs forever One Acre and a half of Land at the Turks Swamp which I 
bought of Cap't. Richard Bushrod with design there to build a mill. My Will and desire is 
that a mill be there built at the charge of my Estate, which mill I give to my Son Richard 
and to his Heirs forever. 

I give and bequeath lo my Son Richard and lo his Heirs forever fifteen slaves now at 
my dwelling plantation, Vi.^.'t. London, Roatswain, little Will, Old Phill, Prue's Tom, 
Prue"s Sam, Frank Nugent, Dick, Natt, little Retty, Eave, Fatty, F.elinda. her child Maread 
and old George, and after my Wife's death. T give and bequeath, to my Son Richard and to 
his Heirs forever, thirteen more slaves, now at my dwelling plantation, Viz't. Jack, Harry, 
Black S.irah, Philiis, Torn, Daniel, little Phill, little Sarah, Pnie, Prue's (ieorge, Beck, 
young Prne, and Nell, — I give and beeiueath to ray Son Richard thre Servants men, Viz't. 
the Shoemaker, the Piper and a servant named Cook. T give and bequeath to my Son 
Richard and to his Heirs all the pictures in my House and my Clock and a Escreture made 
of mahogany. 1 give and bequeath all my Stocks of Cattle, Hoggs, Sheep and Horses, 
which are at my River Side quarters unto my two Sons John and Richard to be equally 
divided between them. 

I give and bequeath to my .'^on Henry and to his Heirs forever, all my Plantations and 
Land in Prince William County which I have at Free Stone point and at Neapsco and 
Powells Creeks, which wa.~ granted by Pattcnt to Gerva^ Dodson for two thousand acres, 
and by my (/irandfather, Henry Corbin (ient. given to hi-> l)aughter Lettice who was my 
Mother and afterwards descended to my Brother Mr. PJchard Lee as Heir at Law to her 
and by my .-aid IVother given to me. a;, by deeds Pvccorded in Stafford County may more 
fully appear. And whereas I sold to John Wright One thousand .\cres, a pjart of the said 
Land, and ^ince have purchased the same again, Vi/'t. 666'2 acies of Francis Wright, son of 
the aforesaid John, and j^jli acres of Mr. Benjamin Grayson to whom the said Francis had 
sold: whereby I am now invested of the whole Two thousand acres of Land in fee simple 
;is aforesaid given and l>equcathed to my Son Henry and to his Heirs forever. I give and 
bequeath to my Son Henry and to his Heirs forever all that my 3111 acres of Land and Plan- 
tation thereon in Fairfax County, at or near Salsbury pl.iin and Plait lick, a.-: by a proprie- 
tors Deed for the said Land may liiore plainly appear. Also the land I bought of James 
Walker for three hundred acres more or less, adjoining to the la>t mentioned Land in the 
said county of Fairfa.x. I give and bequeath to my Son Henr\ and to his Heirs forever 
Twenty slaves, Vi/'t. Tom, Dinah, Hannah, Moll, Daniel, Frank, little Dinah, Dick and 
Cato, now at Xeapsco Quarter and Titus, Cain, Westminster, Eava. Harry, Joe, Sabina her 
child, Joe and Harry, now at Saisbury plain Quarter, and at my dwelling plantation Prue's 
Frank and Winney's Moll. I give ind bequeath to my Son Henry and to his Heirs all my 
Stocks of Cattle and Hoggs and all rther my persona! Estate which I have in the said 
County of Prince \^'iIliam and in the said County of I'airfax, excepting Debts due to me, 
which are to come into my Estate. My Will and de-,irc is that my Son Henry be Con- 
tiimed at the Coliege two years from the d.ite hereof and iifterwards to I'C a writer in the 
.Secretary's Ofi'ice. lill he be twent) one years of age. 

I give and liequtath to my Daugliter I-ettice and to her Heirs ."^even Inuidred pounds 
sterling to be paid her as -oimi, and as conveniently a.-, my Estate can do it. a.''ter she attain 



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■l. I 



134 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

to the aire of twenty one y^ ars or the day of her marriage, which shall first happen. I give 
anrl bequeath to ray said Daughter two slaves named Letty and I'eg and their increase to my 
said Daughter and to her Heirs forever. I give to my said Daughter a Chest of Drawers made 
of Oak, as is now called her chest of Drawers, and a new Chest of Drawers made of Ma- 
hoj;any. I lend to my beloved Wife Mary, in full consideration of her Dower, thirds or 
childs part of my Estate, both real and personal, and for no other intent whatsoever as I 
hereafter mention, in even.- particular, Viz"t. I lend to my said wife the use of my dwelling 
phuuation and the use of my dwelling House, Out Houses, Garden, Orchards, and all other 
appurtenances to the same belonging, and Land adjoining, making in the whole 600 acres 
during her life, also I lend to ray said w'.fe the use of my Land at Kingcopsco in Machotique 
Nfcck during her life, which I bought of William Chandler and r)eliverance, bis wife, and of 
Susannah Appleyard as by Deeds will more plain appear. And my Will and desire is that 
for the use of the said Land and Plantation at Kingcopsco, my Wife shall at all times, when 
occasion, have free liberty on any of my Land next adjacent to have Timber for Framin^r 
Rafters, Posts, Studs, Culs bords, Tob: sticks, fencing and tire wood or for any other neces- 
sary use for the ser.'ice of the said Plantation. Also I lend to my said wife the use of fifteen 
slaves during her life, Viz't. Jack, Harry, Plack Sarah, Phillis, Tom, Daniel, little Phill 
little Sarah, Prue, George, Beck, young Prue, and Nell, who are now at my dwelling planta- 
tion, and Old Betty and Cupid who are now at my River Side Quarter, and I lend to inv wife 
the use of all my House hold furniture and Utensils in the Kitchen, Dairy, Meat house, and 
in all other Houses and places belonging to my dwelling plantation, also the chaise, the 
chair, the Horses and Harness during her life. And I give to my wife all my stocks of 
Cattle, Hoggs and Sheep belonging to my plantation where I live, and I give to my Wife 
three casks of the bt. jt Cyder from my Quarters at the River Side, even,- year during her life. 
It is my will and desire that all times when my Wife has Occasion for Tob : Casks and Cyder 
Cask, that Frank Nugent and Dirk get the Timber and make the cask and that they mend 
and repair all the houses on my dwelling plantation, and they to do any other Coopers or 
Caq:ienters Work for my Wife as she may have occasion, and when she requires it, and that 
without any charge to her for the same. 

After my Estate has paid all my Debts and the Charges of my Suit or Suits, with Mr. 
Crawley, and paid niy Daughters fortune of Seven hundred pounds Sterling as aforemen- 
tioned, and paid the Charges of building the mill for my Son Richard, — what Tob: and 
money shall then happen to remain belonging to my Estate I give and bcqueatli the same to 
my Wife and three Sens to be equally divided between them, and after my Wifes death, I give 
and bequeath all my Household furniture and all other moveables and personal Estate what- 
soevtjr, not already given or bequeathed, I give to my tiiree Sons, John, Richard and Henry, 
to be equally divided between them. 

It is my desire that my Wife and three Sons do in the management of their E.-tate take 
advice of my two Brothers The Hon'ble Thomas Lee Esqr. and Cob. William Beverley. My 
Will and desire is that my body have a private a decent Interment, without any funeral Ser- 
mon, and that the buryal Service for me to be performed by the parish Clark or some other 
fitt person. Lastly I do hereby appoint my two Brothers The Hon'ble Thomas Lee Esqr. and 
Col. William Beverley, pIso my two Sons, John Lee and Richard Lee, Executors of this my 
Last Will and Testament, and hereby revoke and make void all former Wills heretofore m.ade 
by me, either by word or Lieed, and declare this to le my last Will and Testament, and 
hereunto I set my hand and Seal this thirtieth day of July in the year of our Lc^rd One thou- 
sand Seven hundred and forty six. 

1st. Codicil, Westmoreland, July thirtieth, 1746. It is my Will that my Executors 



I . .] 



STRATFORD LINE, THIRD GENERATION. 1 35 

al'ove nnmed Lease to Adam Mitchell for his own niid his W'ifes life, One hundred and 
fifty Acres of Land adjoining to the Iluiise in which he now lives, and likewise that one 
of his Children which he pleases to put in, may hold the same for his life, he or they or any 
of them paying yearly during the terms mentioned the Sum of six hundred and thirty pounds 
of Tol) 

A further Codicil. Westmoreland County, August loth, 1746. I do hereby Constitute 
and appoint my two Brothers The Hon'ble Tiiomas Lee Esqr. and Col'\ William Beverley 
Guardians to my Son Henry and to my Daughter Lettice till each of them respectively attain 
to the age of twenty-one years. 

Third Codicil. In the name of God Amen. I Henr)' Lee of Westmoreland County 
in Virginia and now at the Warm Springs in Frederick County, Ijcing sick and weak but 
perfect in sense and memory thanks be to God for the same, do add this as a Codicil to a 
former Will by me made, which will is sti'l to stand absolute, the two following clauses only 
excepted, to wit: Imprimis, it is my Will that the Carpenters which I have heretofore em- 
ployed in building certain Houses for the use of my son John Lee that is to say a Dwell- 
ing House, a kitchen and an Otrice, shall be continued in such Employment untill such time 
as the said Houses shall be compleated : The aforesaid Houses to be of the following 
dimensions: the Dwelling House thirty-six feet by twenty four, the kitchen Eighteen feet 
by Sixteen, and the Office Eighteen feet by Sixteen. 

Item, That the Gift made in my foi-mei- Will of a negro Woman named Pegg to my 
Daughter Lettice Wife of William Ball of Lancaster County Gentleman be hereby revoked 
and made XuU ; and I bequeath the said negro Pegg with her increase unto my Son John 
Lee and his heirs forever, he or they paying unto the aforesaid Lettice Ball, or to her 
Heirs, the sum of Forty pounds Current Money. In witness wliereof I hereunto set my 
hand, and affix my Scale as a Codicil to my former Will, this thirteentli (13th) day of June 
in the year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred and forty-seven. 

(Another codicil, without date.) I give my — Saddle and furniture to my Son John Lee, 
I give to my aforesaid Son my new Gun with a silver sight, and my ould Gun. I give to 
my aforesaid Son my blew Cloath Suite and my new mourning Gound and Sword, which 
is gone to England. I give to my Son Henry Lee a new Gun which came in for him and a 
Gun called Hawells and my Watch. I give to my Son Richard Lee my long Gun which 
cost three Geanes and a Gun called Watson which is now sent to England by Capt. Jno_ 
Johnson and I give my aforesaid Son my wriding Horse. I give to my Daughter Lettice Ball 
a bed, bolster and two pillows, a pair of Blankets, a quilt and a pair of sheets. 

Henry Lee's widow survived him many years, dying in 1764. Her 
will was dated 19th of October, 1762, and probated, \Vestmoreland, 29th 
of May, 1764. 

In the name of God, .-Vmen. I Mary Lee of Lee Hall in the parish of Cople and 
County of Westmoreland, Widow, being of perfect sence and memory, for which I thank 
God, after recommending my Soul into the hands of that Almighty God who gave it and 
declaring my trust through the raerrits and intercession of my Blessed Redeemer and 
Saviour to receive pardon and remission of all my sins, do make and ordain this my last 
Will and Testament in manner and form following. Inipriir.is, 1 direct my Ixjdy shall be 
buried at the discretion of my Executors hereinafter named. Item, I desire my just debts 
may be paid as soon as they conveniently can after my death. Item, 1 give and bequeath 
unto my beloved Daughter Lettice Ball all my wearing ap[>arel, Books and whatsoever 



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136 LF.F. OK VIR(.INIA. 

Other things of mine that may be in th-i house at the time of my decease excepting the 
Legacies hereafter mentionel. item, T give an J ijequeath unto my Dear Son Richard Lee 
my Ch.-irriot and horses and all my stocks upon his paymg lu my Grand-Daughter Mary- 
Ball One Hundred pound? current money of Virginia to be put out at interest on good 
security untill my said Grand-Daughter arrives at the age of twenty-one years or is married, 
when she is to ha%-e the whole principal and interest. Item, I give and bequeath untu my 
Daughter Leltice Ball all the money that my son Richard Lee may owe me ai the time of 
ray decease after deducting the price of the mourning Rings hereafter mentioned and 
paving all my just debts which said money I order to be paid to my said D.iughter as 
soon as possible after my decease. Item, I give to each of my children John Lee, 
Richard Lee, Lettice Ball and Henry I.ee and my Daughters-in-law Mary Lee and Lucy 
Lee and my (Jrand Daughter Mary Ball a mourning Ring of a guinea value. Liero, I give 
unto my son John Lee my Weding ring. Item, I give unto my Granddaughter Mary Uall 
my old mourning ring, my Bible and Common Prayer Book. Item, I lend unto my sp.id 
Daughter Lettice Ball during her natural life to use them in whatsoever manner she thinks 
proper without paying any compensation whatsoever the following slaves, . . . together 
with all the rest and residue of my estate both real and per.-or.al, not before given and alter 
the Death of my said Daughter T give and bequeath unto my Grand Daughter Mary Bail 
and her heirs forever the following slaves . . . provided the said Mary Ball fhall marry 
with the consent and approval of her said Mother Lettice Ball but if she should not 
m.arry v.ith such consent and approbation tiien I give all the said nfrgroes and their increase 
and all the rest of my estate to my Grandsons William and Henry Lee Ball in such parts 
and proportions as my said Daughter Lettice Ball shall direct l>y her last will and Te^ta- 
rac-nt in writing or by Deed Lxecuted in her life time before two credible witnesses, and if 
my said Daughter should tail to make such will or deed then to be ciually divided between 
them the said William Ball and Henry Lee Ball after the decease of my said Daughter. 
Item after the decease of my said Daughter Lettice Ball I give and bequeath to my two 
Grandsons William Ball and Henry Lee Ba',1 and their heir? forever the following slaves 
... to be divided between or wholly given to either of my said Grandsons William Ball 
and Henry I.ee Ball as my said Daughter Lettice Ball shall direct by her last Will and 
Testament or by Deed executed in her life time before two credible witnesses and if my 
Daugliter should f.'.P; to make such will or Deed, then to be equally divided between the .--aid 
WilHaiu Ball and Henry Lee Ball. Item, I constitute and appoint my -on Richard Lee sole 
Executor to this my last Will and Testament. In tesiimony whereof 1 have hereunto .>Jt 
my hand and seal this 19th of October, 1762, and do hereby revoke every other will hereto- 
fore by me made and Executed. 

Henry and Mary (Bland) Lee left four children, three sons and one 
daughter, named in their wills as follows : 

i, John *, See 22. . .. , .,: 

ii, Richard*, See 23. 
iii, Henry *, See 24. 7- 

iv, L.T.TITIA *, born about i 730-1 ; rnariied in 1746-7, Col. William Ball, 
of Lancaster county; she was his second wife. She died in 17S8, 
and left two oons, William and Plenry Lee Ball, and one daughter, 
Mary Ball; so given in their grandmother's will. 



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STRATKORD LINE, THIRD GV.NEKATION. 



137 



Col. WiliianiMbll (William \ William'. William \ William') of 
" Milleiibeck," Lancaster county, was a cousin of the James Ball 
who, about the same time, married another I.ettice Lee, a daughter 
of Richard and Judith (Steptoc) Lee, of the Ditchley line; as there 
were several intermarriages between the Balls and the Lees of Ditch - 
ley, a more extended notice of them will be giving when sketching 
that branch of the Lee family. 



THE BLAND FAMILY. 

Arms: Argent on a bend, sable, three phaeons of the field. 
Ckrst : Out of a ducal coronet, or, a lion's head ppr. 
Motto : Sperate et vivite fortes. 

The Blands of \'irginia are descended from Sir Thomas Bland, of 
" Kippa.x Park," near Leeds in England, who was created a baronet by 
Charles L, in 1642; he was the representative of an ancient and honor- 



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I 



^"^i 







^::^J^^^^ryr 



able family. Of this family was John 
Bland, grocer, of London, who was 
early interested in the Colony of ^'ir- 
ginia ; he was l^orn in 1573 and died 
in 1632, leaving a large family and a 
verv great personal estate. Four of 
his sons emigrated to Virginia: 
i, Adanj, who died on the voyage, 
ii. John, a merchant, trading to Vir- 
ginia and the West Indies, prob- 
ablv made his first voyage about 
1635. On the 20th of March, 
1674-5, hi.-, nephew, Edward, 
son of his brother, Edward, con- 
veyed to him 3,000 acres, called 
"Kymages," in the parish of 
Westover, Charles City county, 
in \'irginia. His son, Giles, settled on this land, was collector of the 
lo.ver James River, took [lart in Bacon's Rebellion, and was hanged, 
in 1676, under a decree of Berkeley's court-martial. John Bland died 
in 1680, leaving ''Kymages" to his wife, and Thomas Povey, whose 
daughter, Frances, was -the widow of his son, Giles. This branch of 
the family is extinct. 










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138 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

iii, ridw-ird, the third son to emigrate, married his cousin, Jane, daughter of 
Gregory Bland; lie came to Virginia before 1652; died in 1653, leav- 
ing an only son, IMw.ird. This son married and left a son, John, who 
died uriHiarried ; also a daughter, Sarah, v.'ho married and left issue. 

i\, Theodorick, the fourth son to emigrate to Virginia, was the fifteenth 
child; he was baptized at St. Antholin's (London) on the i6th of 
January, 1629-30; was first a merchant with his brother, Edward, at 
St. Luca, in Spain, tlien in the Canary Islands, and shortly after his 
brother's death in 1653, he came to Virginia. He purchased "Berke- 
ley" and "Westovcr," where he lived; v,-as Speaker of tlie House of 
IJurgesscs, 1659-60; ineniber of Council, 1666, "and was both in 
fortune and in understanding inferior to no person of his time in the 
country." He was buried at Westover. (Alexander Brown, Getiesis 
of the United States. S29-30.) His tombstone, at ^^'estover Church, 
had tliis inscrij>tion : 

J. S. II. Pnulentii et luudlti Theodorici Eland, Annig : qui Obiit Aprilis 23d A. D. 
1671. J';tatis 41. Cujub \'idu;\ .Moaissima, Filia Richardi liennett, Armig: Hoc M armor 
Posuit. 

Theodorick Bland married Anne, daughter o{ Richard Bennett, and was 
the progenitor of the Virginia family. Richard Bennett deserves a passing 
notice in this connection, as he acted a prominent part in the affairs of the 
Colony of Virginia. He was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1629 ; 
of the Council in 1639-42-44-45-46-58-59-60-75, and probably at other 
dates; was appointed by the Council of State in England one of their 
commissioners to "reduce the plantations v.-ithin the bay of the Chesapeake 
to tlieir due obedience to the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England," 
which the commissiont-rs did in 1652 ; was governor of \"irginia 1652-55 ; 
commissioner to England in 1655; and was appointed a major general of 
the Virginia troops, 1662-72; died in 1675, and left a son, Richard of 
Bennett's Point, Queen Anne's county, Md. Gov. Bennett is said to have 
married Mary Ann Utie, wlio was probably a daughter of the Col. John 
Utie, who settled at Chiskiack in 1632, and was an early member of the 
Virginia Council.* 

Anne (Bennett) Bland died at Wharton's Creek, Kent county, Md., 
in 16S7 ; they had issue two sons: 
i, Theodorick, of " V/estoVer, " who was also a member of the Council; 
he died in 1702, and left Theodorick, John (who returned to Eng- 
land), and Scarborough. 



» /r. b= M. Quarterly, III, s-^f-?©;. 



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STRATFORD MKK, THIRD GENERATION. 139 

ii, Richard, of ''Jordans," James River, born al "Berkeley," the nth 
of August, 1^,65; died the 6th of April, 1720, and was buried at 
" Westover ;" he was twice married 3 first to Mary, the daughter of 
Col. Thomas Swan ; secondly (in 1701), to Elizabeth, the daughter of 
Col. William Randolph, of '-'Turkey Isirrnd," the progenitor of the 
Randolph family in Virginia;' she died the 22d of January, 1719; 
several children by his first wife died young; by the second wife he 
left these five children: i, Mary, born die 21st of August, 1704; 
married aboui 1723-4, Henry Lee, of Westmoreland, a^ stated. 2, 
Elizabeth, who married Col. V>-illiam Beverley, of "Blandneld," 
Rappahannock River. 3, Col. Richard Bland, of ''Jordans," a 
member of the Blouse of Burgesses, of the first Continental Congress, 
of the Virginia Convention of 1775; he married Anne, daughter of 
Peter Poythress, the ''Antiquary," by whom he had issue. 4, Anne 
Bland, who married Capt. Robert Munford. 5, Theodoiick Bland, 
born in 1720; married (1739) Frances, daughter of Drury Boiling, 
and had, among others, Col. Thcodorick, M. D., statesman, soldier, 
and poet ; he was born the 21st March, 1742 ; through his mother he 
was descended from Pocahontas ; received his degree in medicine at 
Edinburgh ; practiced for a short time in Virginia; later distinguished 
himself as a leader of volunteers against I-ovi Dunmore, and also wrote, 
under the mvn de plume of •' Cassius," some very spirited letters against 
him ; he was captain of the First Troop of Virginia cavalry ; later be- 
came colonel, and distinguished himself greatly by his services in the 
field; he served in the old Congress, in 17S0-3; opposed the adop- 
tion of the new Constitution, but later accepted a seat in Congress. 
Theodorick and Frances (Broiling) Bland had also a daughter, Frances, 
born 24th September, 1752; died iSth Januiiry, T78S; married twice ; 
first (in 1769) John Randolph, nephew of the above mentioned 
Elizabeth Randolph, whose son was the famous John Randolph, of 
"Roanoke;" she married, secondly (in 1777), St. George Tucker, 
whose son. Judge St. Cieorge Tucker, vs-as the father of the Hon. 
John Randolph Tucker, and others. 

The famous " Westover " estate, so frequently mentioned in these 
notes, is said to have contamed about 2,000 acres, originally patented by 
Captain Thomas Pawlett in 1637. At his death, in 164S, he left the land 
to his brother, Sir John Pawlett, who sold it, in 1665, to Theodorick Bland 
for ^170 sterling. His eldest son, also Theodorick, divided it with his 



1 Sre slcetch of Ranfio'.fh Family, under t,''.. 



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I40 I.KE OF VIRGINIA. 

brother Richar'i ; they soli! the estate, in i66S, to the first Colonel Williani 
Bvrd for ^300 sterling ami 10,000 pounds of tobacco. 

STRATFORD LLNL, FOUR'J'H GENERATION. 

Colonel (tkok<;e Lee, or Mr. Pleasant. 

7. George *, the elde^t cliild and only son of Richard Lee ' (Richard \ 
R.ichard') and Martha Silk, his wite, was born at London, on the iSth of 
.August, 1 714; came over t(> \'irginia sorae years at'tier tlie death of his 
father and settled at "Ml. Pleasant," in Westmoreland county, where he 
died the 19th of November, 1761. The proiialMlities are that George Lee 
was educated in England, and did not come to Virginia until a year or so 
before his first marriage. Me was married, o\\ the 30th of Sej'tem.ber, 173S. 
to Judith, daughter of John and Elizabeth Wormeley. of " Pvosegill." 
Middlesex county. 'I'he (Airish register of old Christ Church states that 
"Sarah and Juditl), daughter^ of John and j'iii/a Wormeley, v,-cre born the 
20th of June, and baptised the r7th of Juiie, 1714." Elizabeth ^Vorn1eley, 
of Middlesex, h\- her will (of tlie 3d of March. 1743), gave her daughter, 
Judith, the wife 01 Mr. Georee I-ce, ^200 sterling. Mrs. Lee died on the 
Sth of June, 1751, leaving a daughter. Llizabetii. George Lee married, 
secondly, on the i6th of December, 1752, Mrs. Anne (Fairfax) ^Vashing-, 
ton, the \\ idow of Lawrence ^Vashington, of Mr. Vernon, and the daughter 
of the Hon. ^Villiam Fairfax, of '• Relvoir," Fairfax county. Lawrence Wash- 
ington was the halt'd^rother of George Washington, to whom he bequeathed 
Mt. Vernon after his widow's death. General Washington occujiied Mt. 
Vernon after her second marriage and [laid a yearly rental of some ^82 
from 1752 to 1761.^ Mrs. Lee died the 14th of M'arch. 1761, on!)- a few 
months before hrr husband. (The above data are taken from the family 
Bible of George Lee, which has th.e name " Judidi \Vormeley," and the date, 
"1736," on the riyleaf li is probablv the same "great P.ible " that 
George Lee devised to his daughter, Elizabeth, ••' \shich were her mother's.") 



1 The " Little Hunting Creek " or Mt. Vernon estate was firs: tievi.iect by John Wasliington, the immi- 
grant, to his son Lawrence, who left it to his d.-ivighter, .Nli'.dred. in these words : " I give nn'! bequeath my 
Daughter Mildred W. =:hi:igton all iny L.ind in Stal'ford County, lying upon hunting creek, where M'" 
Elizabeth Minton and M^^. Williams now lives hy estimation -i.^.cj acres to her and her heirs forever." On 
the 17th of May, i7;o, Roger Gregory, and Mildred Washipjlon, his wife, executed a deed of release for 
{his property to her brother, .Viigustine \Vashin.;ton. " for divers gr.od causes and concit'erations him there" 
unto moving but more especially for and in concidcration of the .sr.m of one Hundred and eighty pounds Sterl- 
ing money of Great F'.ritain." Aug' jtine de.ised the esLitc to his second son, Lawrence, who, in turn, left 
it to his wife for her life and at her dcatii to ^o to his yoi:n;er brother, George Washington. Lawrence 
Washington desired to t< buried th-te be^dc his three children, and mentioned aho a dau^jhter, Sarah 
who must have died shortly after her father 



n-.'fl 



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STRATFORD XASE, FOURTH GENERATION. I4I 

George l.ce was deputy clerk of Westmoreland, under his brother-in 
law, George Turberville, from 1740 to 1742, at wliich date he succeeded 
him in the orfice, and held it until his own death. He also represented the 
(jouiitv as BiUL-ess in 1748, 1751, aiid perhaps at other times; was a Justice 
for WcsLnureiand in 1737,; a vestryman of Cople parish in 1755. His 
will, dated the 13th of September, 1761, and jfrobated, at Westmoreland, 
the 26'Ji of Jai^.uary, 1762. was as follows: 

In t'le Name of God, Auu-n. 1 (.Jeorge Lee of the parish of Cople in the County of 
Weilinorelaiui, gentleman, Leing sick and weak but of perfect mind and nieinorv (thanks 
be to God) do iiiake iliis my last \Yill nnd Testament in manner and fomi following : First, 
I desire I may be uuiied decently but without any ponipt, in my garden, as near to my wife 
as possibli.-. Item, I desiie that all my just debts be punctually paid and as soon as may be 
after mv decease. Item, I give and dcvi.-e unto my eldest ion George Fairfax Lee and to 
his heirs forever besides tlie tract of land I live on,' which is entailed on him, the three 
.sevi-ral tract- or c^iucels of lai^.j wliich I hold in fee simple, adjoining to the said Entailed 
land, for one. v.: -shich tracts I ha\e an Fsclieat Deed, fcir another I bought of Henry Garner 
ar.d the third i.s kjiown by the name of the Lurnt House tract, which was held by the late 
President the Uon"-'- Thomas Lee Esquire, and which was conveyed to me by the Hon^'*- 
Philip Ludv.-ell Lee Esquire, agreeable to the Will of his Father, upon this condition, never- 
theless t'lat my said son George Fairfax Lee suffer the negroes hereinafter given to my two 
;.ons, Lancelot Lee cv,(] William Lee, and the increase of tlic said negroes, to work on his 
I^ands af(_>resairi with ids own negroes, uiUiil the said Lancelot arrives to the age of tueuty- 
one years, v.hen a Division of the slaves given to my saiil two .^ons, Lancelot and William. 
is to be made, aiid liic said LaiKelot is t(j be possessed with iiis dividend of the same, and 
after my said son Lancelot arrives at the age of twenty-one years, that the said George Fair- 
tax Lee aLo permit my said son ^Vi!liam Lee's slaves to work on the saiil lands with his 
own, until the said William Lee arrives to the age of twenty-one years, and untill all my 
said sous anive to their respective ages tliey are to be suitably maintained and educated, at 
the discretii:n of my Executors h.creafier named, out of the proiits of the whole of the negroes 
as \'.ell of tlwre of my son CiecTge Fairfax Lee's as of my --aid other two ^ons, working on 
the 5:Md Land, ami what jtrotits remain over and above what are to be ap[)Iied as aforesaid, 
to be to the iLSt of mv ^-aid son George I'airfax Lee, and his heirs forever. But if my said 
son George Fairfax Lee should refuse to let my -aid two sons Lancelot's and William's slaves 
work on hi^ lands as aforesaid or should after they have worked on the same refuse to suffer 
my Execntois to ajip.'y the protlt- a^ is before directed, I then revoke the Devise of the three 
tracts or p.iiccls of land which I iiold in fee >imp'e and >.\hi<-h I have giveri to my said son 
George Fairfax Lee ou the ("ondition afure.-aid. and du devise the same unto my Sfm Lance- 
lot and hi< heir- forever, also upon tiii- Condition that he the said Lancelot shall suffer my 
.>aid son William Lee's negroes to work on the same land untill my said son William arrives 
to the age of twenty-one, and permit him to receive the protiis of his said negroes during the 
whole time, but if my said son Lancelot Lee shoidd refuse to permit the same then I give 
the said three tracts or parcels of land aforesaid imto my son Willian» Lee and his heirs for- 
ever. Ittm, I give and devise unto mv son Lancelot Lee and his heirs forever one-half of a 



1 George I. re HaJ built himself a residence on the hi!l-»tt+e-, about quarter or half-mile from the sid-: of 
the old mansion, which had been on the 1 r.vland nearer the water front, 



I ' ..; • hi; 



142 LEE OK VIRGINIA. 

tract or parcel of land lying as I believe in I.oudoun County, containing nineteen hundred 
acres, which said tract or jiarcell of land was granted by Deed from the Frojirietor's office, 
bearing date the first day of July one thou>and seven hundred and forty-one to Miss Ann 
and Saiah Fairfax jointly and afterwards the joint tenancy wr.s severed by Deed Executed 
by the said Ann and Sarah; since which the said Ann wh':^m I intermatTied haih by joint 
Deed with me, recorded in the general court, conveyed her hnlf part to I\.icliard Lee Esquire, 
in trust to the use of me and ray heirs in fee. Item, I give and devise unto the said Lance- 
lot Lee and his heirs forever, a tract or parcel of land, containing live hundred and seventy 
acres, in Frederick County, which was granted lo Lawrence Washington, Gent., deceased, 
and by him devised to his widow the said Ann, T\-ho after her intermarriage with nie, exe- 
cuted a Deed for the same with several other tracts of land, to the said Richard Lee in 
trust to the use of me and my heirs. But if my said son Lancelot should die under age 
without issue, I give all the said lands hereinbefore devised to him, to my son William Lee 
and his heirs forever. Item, I give and devise unto my son William Lee and his heirs for- 
ever, a tract of land containing eighteen hundred and forty acres, lying in Loudoun County 
on the north side of Elk licking run, of Cub run, grnnted to the said Ann Fairfax by- 
Proprietor's Deed, bearing date the twelfth day of June one tliousand se^•en hundred and 
forty-one, also a tract of land, containing fourteen hundred acres, lying in LouJ.oun County, 
on the branches of Bull Run and the bro?.d run of Potomac, also granted to the said 
Anil by Proprietor's Deed, bearing date the sixteenth day of June one thousand seven 
hundred and forty-one, also a tract of land, containing three hundred and three acre.= , lying 
on or near the branches of Goose Creek, granted by Proprietor's Deed to the said Lawrence 
Washington and by him devised to his widow the said Ann, all whicli said several tracts or 
parcels of land the said Ami jointly with me after our intermarriage, conveyed to the said 
Richard Lee, in tru.^t to the use of me and my heirs, as by a L)eed for that purpose of record 
in the Secretary's office of this Colony may more fully appear. 

But if my said son \Villiam Lee should die under age without issue, I give the said 
several tracts or parcels of land to my son Lancelot Lee and his heirs forever. Item, I give 
and devise unto my two sons Lancelot and ^^'illiam and their heirs twenty two slaves, . . . 
to be equally divided between my said two sons Lancelot and William, when Lancelot 
shall arrive at the age of twenty one years. Init if either of my said two sons die before 
they arrive to the age of twenty one years without issue then I give the share of such son 
so dying to the Survivor. Item, the following tlurty four slaves, . . . being entailed lliey 
descend to my son (jeorge Fairfax Lee, and it is my will he have them. Item, if it should 
so happen that my son George Fairfax Lee should die without issue, by which means his 
entailed estate, both land and negroes, will descend to my son Lancelot, then and in such 
case I revoke the several becjuests to him the said Lancelot made of lands and slaves 
aforesaid and do devise the saine to my son William Lee and his heirs forever. Item, I 
give and bequeath to ray dear Daughter, Eli/.abeth Lee, one thousand pounds current money 
of Virginia, to be paid to her by ray Executors when she arrives lo the age of twenty one 
years or is married, which ever shall first happen, upon condition she relinquish, before the 
said one thousand pounds are paid to her, all right or title she may have or claim to a negro 
wench called Judy's Alice, which wench I bought of one Minor and formerly promised to 
give to my said Daughter Elii'al)eth. But, if my said Daughter Elizabeth, refuses to make 
such relinquishment of her right to the said negro Alice and her increase, I then revoke 
the legacy of one thousand pounds before given and give her only eight hundred pounds 
current money in lieu thereof. Item, I give unto my good friend Col". Richard Henry Lee 
my Staunton gun. Item, I give to my son George Fairfax Lee one hundred head of neat 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. I43 

cattle and such other stock as my Ex'ors. shall think necessary for his plantations. I also give 
my said son the (>.iilt worked by his Mother, all his Mother's and my books, my Grandfather's 
Picture and my Father's Picture set in gold, tlie mourning ring I expect from England for his 
Mother, all the plate in the house, Col. lairfax's Snufl" }!ox, and George's Mother's stone 
buttons set in gold which are in the said Snuff Box. Item, I give to my Daughter Eliza- 
beth the Mourning Ring which I wore for her late Mother, as also the great Bible and Com- 
mon Prayer-Book which were her Mother's. Item, I give to my son Lancelot Lee a seal 
set in gold with the family coat of arms cut thereon which was given to me by my friend 
Col. lUchard Lee. Item, I desire that my charriot and charriot horses and all blooded 
horses, mares and colts may be sold, but that in order to have them sold to the greatest ad- 
vantage the time and place of sale be advertised in the Virginia Gazette. Item, I desire 
that all my household furniture and other personal estate except what is specially given by 
this my la^t Will, and Except such stock as my Executors shall think proper to keep for the 
use of my said sons plantations, may be sold for the most that can be got for them. Item, 
I give to ray son William Lee two guineas to purchase him a mourning ring for his Mother. 
Item, sucli stocks as my Executors shall think proper to be kept for my sons Lancelot and 
William and all the rest of my persona! estate, after my debts and legacies are paid, I give 
to my sons Lancelot and William, to be equ.ally divided between them, v.-hcn Lancelot shall 
shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years, but if either of my said two sons die before they 
arrive to the age of twenty one years without issue, then I give the whole to the Sur\-ivor. 

Item, it is my earnest will and desire that my Executors as soon after my death as con- 
veuiency will admit of, send my son George lairt'ax Lee to England to the care of my friend 
Mr. James Russell, to receive his Education there. Item, if my Executors think they can 
have my two sons Lancelot and William well Educated cheaper in England than in Virginia, 
I do give them the power of sending them, but leave the sending them or not to their discre- 
tion, not doubting they will take the necessary care of their Education. Item, I do Imixjwer 
my friends Col'^. George William Fairfax, Colo. Richard Monry Lee, Col'^ Richard Lee, Mr. 
Bryant Fairfax and Capt. John Turberville, whom I hereby appoint guardians to all my 
children, to lease out or sell any of back lands that are hereinbefore given to my two sons 
Lancelot and William (before they arrive to their respective ages of twenty one) and what- 
ever sum or sums of money arrise from the sale of such lands or any part thereof, I desire 
may be put out at interest on good security and that the same be paid to such son that the 
land so scld is devised to by this Will, when lie shall arrive to the age of twenty one years. 
Item, I desire my Dauglitev Eliiaheth mny lie suitably maintained out of my Estate untill she 
arrives to the age of twenty one or is married, whichever shall first hapjjen. Item, I request 
of my Executors that they will not put the wench, called home house Kate, to the hoe or 
any hard latour but keep her whilst it is necessary, to wait on and take care of the children, 
and when there shall be no need of such service that she be kept to making the negioes 
cloathes or such like business I likewise reiiuest of my Executors that they never permit 
any other kind or sort of Tobacco than sweet scented to be tended on the old house planta- 
tion or the Lower plantation under the Hill and that they ship all my Tobaccos and do not 
sell them in the Country and I recommend it to them to consign such Tobaccos to my 
friend .Mr. James Russell as long as he continues in the Tobacco Trade. I also desire that 
the goods, Cloaths and tools wanted for the use of the negroes and plantations may be yearly 
sent fur to England and none purchased in the Country but what there is an absolute neces- 
sity for, and la.-tly I do nominate and appoint my good friends the said Richard Henry Lee, 
Riehartl Lee, and John rurherville Executors of this my last Will and Testament hereby 
revoaking every other Will and Testament heretofore bv me made. In Witness whereof I 



I' -t; ■ t 



144 ^^^ '^^ VIRGINIA. • 

the Said George Lee have to this my hist Will and Testament set my hand and Seal ih 
thirteenth day of September 1761. 

Richard Henry Lee, one of the executors of this estate, kept ari account 
of receipts and {layments in the neatest and uiosi clerk-like manner ; from 
this account, in his own writing, a few extracts are given : 

1762, 9th March, received by cash of Mr. Lane for prize.", in the 
Northern Lottery, X^o- ^^^ June, '"By 4 hhds. Tob: received fiorn Mr. 
Pierce for Clerks fees, 4004 libs." 29th. July, '• Uy 4 hhds. 'i^ob: from 
Mr. Pierce for Clerks fees, 4045 libs." 24th. November. ''By Cash from 
Col°. George Washington for rent, ^82.10." On the side of payments 
there are frequent entries of a guinea or several guineas to " Miss I'etty Lee 
for pocket money." But the boys fared rather better, for he gave "Mr. 
Geo. Lee for pocket money, /^i2. The doctors also did well, even m •' ye 
olden time," for "' Dr. Steptoe's medical account of ^'27.10," was a good 
one for those days, when a guinea was of considerable value. Nor did 
the executor fail to kee}) an exact account ; consequently he charged up 
"postage on Mr. Lancelot Lee's letter, Sd." 

Of the twu children by his first wife, only the daughter survi\ed him ; 
all three sons by his second Nvife survi\-ed. as named in his will: 
i, Richard \ born i3ih of August, 1739: died in infancy. 
ii, Elizabeth \ born on the 21st of Noveml)er, 1750, and died, unmar- 
ried, on the 19th of ^L^y, 182S, in her 7Sth year. 
iii, George FAiKrAx\ See 25. 
iv, Lan'celot\ .See 26. 

V, WiMiAM^ born the r 7th of November, 175S; died, unmarried, on th.e 
19th of ^^ay, 1838. 

THb: WORMELEVS. 

The tn-st members of this family, in Virginia, appear to have been two 
brothers, Christopher and Ralphe \\'ormeley, who were descended from 
"Sir John de Wormele, Hadneld, county ^'ork, England, Knt., 1312."' 
Captain Christojiher ^\'ormeley was the acting governor of Tortugas Island 
in 1631-35, when, owing to son^.e negligence of his, the Spaniards capturetl 
the island, and he was conipelled to flee. He reached Virginia in 1635, and 
received grants for some 1.450 acres in Charles River coimty, the 27th of 
January, 163S ; he was a member of the Cvnincil in 1637. His death 



'This account of the Wor:i>.:leys is tal<en, almost cnurely, from that givt-n by Mr. H,iyden(/a. 
Ctr.ratu^ies, pp. jjo-31), with a few chinges sug^estcr^i by -Mr. W. G, Stjnar.I, of Richmond. 



1 , ■ 1 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 



MS 



occurred about 1649, whether with or without heirs is not clearly proven, 
but he devised land to his brother, Ralph. (The Christopher given below 
as his nephew might have been his son.) 

Captain Ralph Worrneley, of "Rosegill," Middlesex county, was born 
about 1620, and died about 16^-5; "he was a member of the Council as 
early as 1649, '^^'d was re-appointed in 1650 by Charles 11. , then at Breda " 
(\V. G. Stanard) : he married, about 1640-45, Agatha, a daughter of Richard 
Eltonhead, of Eltonhcad, county Lancaster, England (whose younger sister 
married Henry Corbin) ; after his death, the widow marrie'd,,Sir Henry 
Chicheley, Knt., and deputy governor of Virginia in 1678, being his 
second wife. Ralph ^Vormeley received 3,000 acres in Virginia, 2d of 
October, 1649, '^ P'^^^ o^ which had 



i£ 



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'f^i,>7 




been formerly granted Capt. Christo- 
pher Wormeley, on the 27th of Janu- 
ary, 1638, and the rest had been 
assigned by Ralph Read and P'rancis 
Carter to Robert Todd, who sold to 
Ralph Wormeley, and 1,545 acres due 
to the latter as executor and heir to 
Capt. Christopher Wormeley (which 
would seem to imply that the testa- 
tor had left no male issue). Ralph 
Wormeley also received (23d of March, 
1640) a grant for 237 acres on Rap- 
pahannock River, at the mouth of 
Nimcock Creek, for five persons. His 
children were, probably, as follows : 

i, Col. Christopher was a member of the Council, i6lE^6i, and later; he was 
one of those proscribed by Bacon in his proclamation against Governor 
Berkeley and his friends; he married a Mrs. Aylmer, for, in 1671, he 
brought suit as the husband of the relict of the Rev. Justinian Aylmer (of 
Jamestown, and minister of Hampton Parish, 1665-7, a2t. 26). "Frances 
Wormeley, wife of Col. Christopher Wormeley, died the 25th of May, 
16S5, and was buried in the garden the next day." He had a daughter, 
Judith, born in May, 1683, and probably others, ii, Ralph, of whom 
later, iii, "AyluH?rj^^iv oT-'H'tfn. -^afplv"-\Vormeley, died the i6th -^i 
Januftryj -1-64^707" r.:.; r-,.,. j .„..,' .-k .'>%,.:,,„.,„, ^'./..c^-oj „ .■A..-...,,.^-" ,...r. .-^^-..^v,,./.,.- 
Col. Ralph V/ormeley, of "Rosegill," second son, was born about 
1650, and diedvon the -54h-0f-De€«Hvtjer-,-i-^3-; he matriculated at Oriel 
College, Oxford, Uie^i4th of July, 1665 ; according to a published list of 
10 '^n- // ■-:•>/ :ij -T'- 






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146 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

members of the Council, Ralph Wormeley, 1670, and Ralph Wormcley, 
Jr., 1673, were nieiiiber?;.^ The son was Secretary of State in 1693, and 
President of the Council; he was also Collector of Naval Duties, etc., for 
the Rappahannock River. He was twice married ; his first wife was the 
widow of Capt. Peter Jenings, attorney-general of Va., and a daughter of 
Sir Thomas Lunsford ; in 1674, Captain Ralph Wormeley brought suit as 
the husband of the relict of Captain Peter Jenings; "the Hon. Lady 
Madame Catharine Wormeley," died on the 17th of May, 1685; their 
daughter, Catharine, married Gavrin Corbin, and died withoui issue. 
Ralph Wormeley's second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Col. John .Vrmi- 
stead, "the Councillor," who was a son of William Armistead, the Immi- 
grant; her younger brother, William, married, Anna, the daughter, of 
Hancock and Mar} (Kendall) Pee. The record gives the marriage "at 
Col. Armistead's Feb'y 16, 1687, Madame Elizabeth Armistead of Glou- 
cester;" Ralph Wormeley had issue: i, Elizabeth, who married, in 1703, 
John Lomax (16 74-1 7 29), the son of the Rev. John Lomax. ii, Ralph, 
who died unmarried, at William and Mary College, in 1700. iii, John, of 
whom later, iv, Judith, who married, in 171 2, the Hon. Mann Page, of 
"Rosewell," Gloucester county, a grandson of Col. John Page, the 
Virginia Immigrant ; she was his first wife, and left issue two sons and a 
daughter, at her death on the 12th of December, 1716, aged 22. 

John Wormeley, of "Rosegill," Middlesex, was born in 1689, and 
died in 1726; his will (dated the 15th of April, 1735) names his wife 
Elizabeth, to whom he gave one-half of his real estate. She died in 1743, 
and by her will (dated the 3d of March, 1743) gave her son, John, 650 
acres in York county; he was also the heir to 2,000 acres of entailed land, 
"Portobago," held formerly by his sister, Elizabeth Lomax, which entail 
he broke (Xov., 1 762) to fulfill his father's will (Hening, V, 85 ; VIII, 452). 
He had issue: Ralph. Elizabeth, Sarah, Judith, Agacha, and John. Of 
these, Judith married George Lee, as stated. This John held land in Mid- 
dlesex, Gloucester, King William, York and Caroline counties. 

Ralph, the elde.-,t son, was a member of the Council in 1764, and 
Burgess, 1743 to 1764, with but few interruptions; he was twice married; 
first, to Sally, daughter of Col. Edmund Berkeley, of "Barn Elms," 
Middlesex, and, secondly, to Jane, daughter of Jeoffrey Bolles. He had 
issue: i, Ralph (i 744-1806), member of Council, 1771, of the Conven- 
tion of 17SS, and of the House of Delegates, 1787-90; he married 
Eleanor, daughter of John Tayloe, of " Mt. Airy," and had issue; she 



1 See ly. ami Af. ColUgt Quarttrlj, 111,6;. 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 



147 



died the 23d oT February, 1815, in her 60th year (^Old Churches, Fatnilies, 
kc, II. 371). ii, James, who married twice; first, Ariana Randolph, and 
was tlie father of Ralph Randolph Wormeley, Admiral, R. N. 

John, the second son, Burgess from Middlesex, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of \Viriiani Tayloe, and had a daughter, Elizabeth, who married 
William Digges, and also a son, John Wormeley. William Tayloe, of 
I.ancaster (will dated 5th February, 1767), devised 800 acres to William 
Digges, who had married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Wormeley, 
and granddaughter of testator (VIII, Hening, 452). 

"Rosegill, where," wrote Bishop Meade, "the Wormeleys lived in 
English state," was situated high upon the banks of the Rappahannock 
River, a few miles from old Christ Church. It was a large and handsome 
specimen of old colonial mansion. Bishop Meade also stated that a piece 
communion service of five pieces had been presented to Christ Church by 
the Hon. Ralph Wormeley, and in his list of the vestrymen of this parish, 
dating from 1663 to 1767, he named five Wormeleys, who were probably 
of successive generations. 



THE FAIRFAX FAMILY. 

This family traces its tlescent from Richard Fairfax, Lord Chief Jus- 
tice of England in the reign of Henry VI., whose third son, Sir Guy, also 
bred to the law, was Attorney-General, and, later, Justice of the King's 
Bench, in the reigns of Edward IV., Rich- 
ard III., and Henry VII. Sir Guy built 
Steton Castle, in the county of York; mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir William 
Ryther, and had Sir William, his heir, and 
Thomas, who married Cecily, daughter of f'f, \^ 
Sir Robert Manners, ancestor of the Duke '< 
of Rutland. Sir William, who succeeded, 
was Sheriff, a Justice of the Common Pleas 
in the time of Henry VIII. ; his son, also 
Sir William, was Sheriff of Yorkshire in 
same reign. He, in turn, was succeeded 
by his son, Sir Thomas, who accompanied 
the Earl of Essex into France, where he was 

knighted by him for his bravery in the camp before Rouen. On the 4th 
of May, 1627, he was created a'Baron of Scotland by Charles I. 

His son, Ferdinando, 2d Baron, was a General in the Parliamentary 



C 




1 






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148 LEE OK VIRGINIA. 

army, as was also his own son and successor, Sir Thomas Fairfax, who was 
for some tliuc the Com!"!iai;der-in-Chief of the Parliamentary army and a very 
successful officer. He became dissatisfied \vith the courses of Parliament, 
resigned in 1650, and v.as succeeded by Oliver Cromwell. He later as- 
sisted General Monk in cfi'ecting the restoration of Charles H., and v/as 
until his death in favor v.-ith that monarch. He died in 1671 without male 
issue, when the title passed to his cousin, Henry, 4th Baron, and grandson 
of Thomas, ist Baron. Thomas, 5ih Baron, married Catharine, only daugh- 
ter and heir of Thomas, Tord Culpeper, the Proprietor of the Northern 
Neck. Their eldest son, Thomas, 6lh rnirori, inherited the grant and l)e- 
came the Proijrietor. Me died i u t ? -^, and was s'^cceeded by his brother. 
H^ary, who died in i-fn'S^/' Of^hsrac^Bishop Meade has written: "Lord 
Fairfax was a man of tl.'e most perfect English education, Oxford being 
his Alvia Afafcr. ... In 1739 he visited his estates in Virginia, and was 
so pleased with the cou.ntry that he determined to settle there. During 
this visit he became acquainted with and attached to young George Wash- 
ington, theji only sixteen years of age. The affection was returned on 
the part of Washington, and he readily accepted the proposition of Lord 
Fairfax to become surveyor of all his lands. \'\'ashington continued for two or 
three years in the service of Lord Fairfax, and as public surveyor for Western 
Virginia. At the death of-L^^wv^. Lore] Fairfax, the title fell to his only sur- 
viving brotlier, Robert^ in England, and at his death, which occurrea^^oon- 
aft€r, to the Rev. Bryan Fairfax." 

The Rev. Bryan Fairfax, who thus inherited the title, was the youngest 
surviving son of William Fairfax, of " Belvoir," in Fairfax county, and his 2'' 
wife, who was a Miss •C.-.tr)-. William was the son of Flenry, the second son of 
Flenry, 4th Baron. Pie was President of the Council and for a long time 
the manager of the Fairfax estates in Virginia. His daughter, x\nne, married 
first, Lav/rence Washington, of Mt. \'ernon, and, secondly, George Lee, as 
previously stated. Another daughter, Hannah, married Warner Wa.shington, 
of "Fairfield." 

The title is nov/ hiCld by John Contee Fairfax, of Prince George's 
county, Md. He was born on the 13th of September, 1S30 ; has-orie-son^ 
and three daughters. 

"Squire" Richard Lee, or Marvland. 

8. Richard *, eldest son of Philip Lee * (Richard ', Richard ') by Sarah 
Brooke, his first wife, was born ^'^f-^' ; died intestate about the year 1787. 
He was a member of the Proprietors' Council in 1755 ; ^^^" married Grace 
Ashton, daughter of Col. Henry Ashton, of Westmoreland county. On the 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 1 49 

28th of May, 1745, Richard Lee, of Maryland, and Grace, his wife, exe- 
cuted a deed to Thomas Lee of Virginia. (Westmoreland records.) Here- 
tofore it has been erroneously stated that Grace Ash ton married Philip, 
not Richard, Lee. A comjarison of the wills of Col. Henry Ashton 
and Grace Lee shows that the latter devised land given by the former to his 
daughter, Grace Ashton. 

Col. Henry Ashton, of Westmoreland, was a son of John Ashton by 
Grace, his wife. He was "born in Westmoreland, the 30th day of July, 
1670," and died in 1731 ; was Sheriff of that county, 1717-18. Henry 
Ashton was twice married; first to "Elizabeth, daughter of William Hard- 
idge, Gent., by Francis, his wife, by who'll he had four daughters: PVances, 
Elizabeth, Ann, and Grace. The last only survived him." (Ashton family 
records.) His second wife was Mary (Watts?), by whom he apparently had 
two scms : Henry and John. Mr. Hayden gives this abstract of his will : 

The will of "Mr. Henry Ashton, Gent," of Cople Parish, Westmore- 
land, dated the 26th of February, 1730; probated 24th of November, 1731, 
names his wife Mary, executrix, with Capt. Geo. Turberville, Capt. Jkir- 
dett Ashton, Mr. Andrew Monroe and Richard Watts ; gives daughter, (rrace 
Ashton, 1,000 acres, called " Poore Jack," granted Col. Wm. Hardidge, 
15th of September, 1651-3, and 1.200 acres of " Peyton's Level," graiitcd 
Col. Valentine Peyton, 22 July, 1662; the said Grace to make over to 
Eliza'h and Ann Aylett, daughters of his daughter, Anne Ashton, dec'd, 
and her husband, Capt. Wm. Aylett, Jr., the land called "Sturmans," 
which he gave Anne at marriage : also to granddaughter Elizabeth Turber- 
ville, S50 acres of "Peyton's Level," and to granddaughters Eliza'h and 
Anne Aylett the rest, 400 acres of Pey toil's Level ; also his land " Nominy," 
1,000 acres granted to Col. Thomas Speke, 16 September, 165 1. To sons 
Henry and John Ashton lands and copper mines in Stafford Co., and lands 
in Westmoreland Co. To cousin Burdett Ashton, 1,000 acres in Stafford. 
To godson, John, son of Mr. Charles Ashton, 1,700 acres in Stafford. To 
his sister, Mrs. Sarah Macgill, aring. (la. Genealogifs, 4S9.) 

Compare with this abstract, the following will of Grace Lee ; it was 
dated the i8th of November, 17S7, and [)robated, in Charles county, Md., 

on the 22d of October, 1789: 

■ '■ "'" . . ■ , 

In the name of God, Anicn. I Grace Lee, of Charles county, in the .State of Mary- 
land bein^ sick and weak in body but of sound mind and memory and understanding con- 
sidering the certainty of <lt.A\ and iho unccitainty of the time thereof, and being desirous 
to settle ray worldly atVairs, and thereby be- the better prepared to leave this world when it 
shall please God to call me hence, do therefore make and publish this my last Will and 
Testament in manner and i'orm following, tiiat is to say: 



.1, ■ 



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■ .■■.li" I .1 ' ?' i'"'' ' '■■ ' i'^'" ^'' ' '■*'■* 



15^ • ' LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

First, and principally I commit my Soul into the hands of Almighty God and my body 
to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors hereinafter named, and 
after my debts and funeral charges are paid, I devise and bequeath as follows. I give and 
devise unto my well beloved daughters Elir.or Ann Lee and Alice Lee all my lands lying in 
Richmond county in the State of Virginia commonly called and known by name of Paytons 
Levels, containing by estimation about 1400 acres, be the same more or less, to them the 
said Elinor Ann Lee and Alice Lee and their heirs in fee simple, to be equally divided be- 
tween tJiem. 

Item I give and devise unto my said daughters Elinor Ann Lee and Alice Lee all my 
land lying in Westmoreland county in the State of Virginia (one of which tracts or parcels 
of land is commonly called and known by the name of Poor Jack containing about 600 acres 
be the same more or less, and the other is commonly called and known by the name of Stur- 
man containing by estimation about 60 acres be the same more or less) which said two tracts 
or parcels of land I give and devise to them the said Elinor Ann Lee and Alice Lee, and 
their heirs in fee sim.ple to be equally divided between them. 

Item. I give and devise unto my said daughters Elinor Ann Lee and Alice Lee my other 
Lands, which I now have or may hereafter claim interest or estate in of what nature or kind 
soever lying and being in either of the aforesaid countys and State aforesaid to them and 
their heirs and assigns forever, in as full ample and extensive manner as the nature of the 
lands will or may admit of, to be equally divided between my said daughters their heirs and 
assigns and to their sole and simple use respectively without let or molestation of any person 
or persons claiming or may claim by from or under me. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Grandson Russell Lee one full half of all the negroes 
I may in any manner be entitled to or have in possession at the time of my death, to him 
the said Rus.sell Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. Item. I give and bequeath to each of my 
Granddaughters, Sarah Russell Lee, Ann Lee, Elinor Lee, and Margaret Russell Lee, a 
Negro girl to be from twelve to fifteen years of age each, to mysaid Granddaughters respect- 
ively, and to their heirs and assigns forever. 

Item. The residue and remainder of the negroes I shall be possessed of or in any man- 
ner entitled to at the time of ray death and which are*not herein given or intended to be given or 
bequeathed, I give and bequeath unto my daughters P:iinor Ann Lee and Alice Lee.to them and 
their heirs and assigns forever, to be equally divided between them. Item. All the remainino- 
part of my personal estate goods and chattels of any and every nature or kind soever not herein 
before be<iueathed or disposed of by me, I give and be.jueath unto my son Richard Lee, my 
daughters Elinor /\nn Lee and Alice Lee, my grandson Russell Lee, my granddaughters ."^arah 
Russell Lee, Ann Lee, Elinor Lee and Margaret Russell Lee, to them their heirs and assigns 
forever, to be equally aportioned, di.^ributed and divided amongst them share and share alike. 

And I astly I hereby ordain constitute and appoint my much esteemed son in law Philip 
Richard Eendall Esqr. and my beloved daughters Elinor .\nn Lee and Alice Lee to be my 
executors of this my last Will and Testament, revoking and annulling all former wills by me 
heretofore made, ratif>-ing and confinning this and none other to be my last Will and Testa- 
ment. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and at^Lxed my seal, this eighteenth 
day of November Anno Domini Seventeen hundred and eighty seven, — signed, sealed, pub- 
lir,bed and declared by Grace' I ee the above mentioned testatrix as for her last Will and 
Testament in the presence of us, who at her request and in her presence, have subscribed our 
names as witnesses thereto. 

Indorsed on the back of this will was the following : 



..1 .y II, A 



STRATFORD MNE, FOURTH GENERATION. I5I 

Blenheim, 25th October, 'So. 
Sir: — The ri:,'ht of adiniiiistrntion, De bonis noii, on the estate of my honored father 
being in me, an>l also the joint executorship of the last will and testament of my dear 
deceased mother; but as I do not intend to interfer in either of these ca>es, it may be neces- 
sary to infonu you that I rehnquish my title to the administration and Executorship al>ove 
mentioned and I do this in behalf of my trusty friend P. R. Kendall Ksquirc, -v\ho is so kind 
as to undertake tjie unfinished administration of my father's estate and also the Executorship 
of my mother's will. It i.-. my request that he should be appointed to both these duties and 
that letters may be taken out in his name. 

(Signed) Elixor Ann Lee. 

A coin{)arison of these wills proves conclusively that " Grace 1-ee," the 
testatrix, was the daugliter of Henry Ashton ; and the certificate of the 
Register of Wills for Charles county shows that she was the wife of Richard 
I.,ee. His certificates were: 

" On the 2d day of October 17S9, Letters Testamentary on the Estate 
of Grace Lee were granted and committed unto Philip Richard Fendall, the 
acting Executor and his bond with Benjamin Contee and Matthew Blair, his 
sureties, was taken in the sum of ^2000 current money for due administra- 
tion." 

"1-etters ^/e bonis non on the testate of the late Richard Lee, were also 
granted unto Philip Richard Fendall, with ^10,000 security." 

Elinor Ann Lee asked that Mr. Fendall be appointed administrator of 
her father's estate; the court records show that he was appointed adminis- 
trator of the estate of " the late Richard Lee." 

It will be observed that Grace Lee made no mention of her second son, 
Philip Thomas Lee, who was dead ; property was bequeathed to his children. 
She also referred to Philip Richard Fendall as her "son-in-law;" but made 
no bequest to his wife nor to any children. This can only be explained on 
the theory that Mrs. Fendall was dead and without issue ; or it may be that 
"son-in-law" was an error for brother-in-law; for it b.as been stated that 
a Fendall married Eleanor, sister of Grace Lee's husband and that she died 

From Grace Lee's will, the ibllowing issue are given as the children of 
Richard and Grace (Ashton) Lee : 

i, Richard \ said to b.ave died in 1S34, and without issue. Had evi- 
dently been an invalid for many years prior to his death, for his 
sister, Elinor Ann Lee, in her will of 1S05, requested that "the 
Rev. Mr. Contee's and his wife's attention may be extended to- 
wards their atnicted L'ncle, rny said Brother, as far as his remote 
situation may admit, and I do also authorize and empower them 
fully to transact all his concerns." 






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152 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

It is possible that this was the brother whose full name was Philip 
Richard Irancis, that he was the officer who served as a captain in the 
ContineiiUil T.inc, was v/ounded at the battle of Brandywine, and to 
whose representatives the following (Virginia) land warrants were 
issued; if so, he must have served from Virginia: 

^'O- 3 1 75' 2ist of July, 1784, to the representatives of Philip 
Richard Francis Lee, for 4,000 acres, due for three years' service as a 
captain. 

No. 4^6"], ist of October, 1798, for 4,000 acres, " for services for 
the war." 

No. Cji?."]. 6th of November, 1S45, ^*^^ ^^4/i acres to Alice A. 
Kent and Eciijamin Contee. . 

No. 9 1 28, for 184; 3 acres to E. A. Contee, Eliza Lyson, and 
Sarph E. Fend all. 

No. 9129. for iT4}i acres to all before mentioned as heirs of 
Capt. P. R. F. Lee for seven years and eight months' service, less 
amounts already received. 

In 1S45, in establisliing claim for bounties, it was proven that the 
heir of P. R. F. Lee v/a.- Richard Lee, whose son, Philip Thomas 
Lee (the only son to leave issue) had these children: i, Sarah Rus- 
sell, who Married the Rev. Penj. Contee. 2, Margaret Russell, who 
married Janies Clerklee (and had issue: Eleanor Russell, who mar- 
ried Edward Henry Grette ; Caroline R., who married Josias Haw- 
kins, of Charles county, Md. ; Eliza, who married Lyson ; 

Emily, who married Thos. D. Fendall, of Charles county, Md.). 
3, Eleanor, who married William Dawson. 4, Ann, who married 
William Gamble. 
- . As all these heirs of Pliilip Richard FVancis Lee inherited from 
him thro'.\gh their grandfather, Richard Lee, it seems evident he 
must have been the father of this Capt. P. R. F. Lee. 
ii, Philip Thom.^s *. See 27. 

iii, Elinor Ann \ Died, evidently, unmarried, on 17th May, 1S06. She 
left a lengthy and intricate v/ill, detailing minutely the provisions for 
her various bequests. An abstract only is given here. It is signed by 
her maiden name, thus showing her to have died unmarried ; dated 
the 19th of October, 1S05, and a codicil was added on the 7th of No- 
vember; probated in Charles couiUy, Maryland, 12th of August, i8c6. 
She desired some lands in Kentucky and "Sturmans," in Virginia, to 
be sold for tlie payment o\ her debts ; " Peytons Levells " and " Poor 
Jack," in Virginia, were left to her niece, Sarah Russell Contee, during 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. I53 

the term of natural life of her brother, Richaid Lee ; at his death the 
land called " Poor Jack " was to be divided between her nieces, Ann 
Lee, Margaret Russell Clerklee, and Elinor Dawson; to her '-'niece 
Sarah Russell Contee, her heirs and assigns, all which I hold of a tract 
of land in Virginia, whether lying in Westmoreland or Richmond 
countys . . . called and known by the name of Peytons Levells ;" at 
her niece's death the land was to go to her children, " Elinor Contee, 
Alice Lee Contee, Philip Ashton Lee Contee and Edmund Henry 
Contee," all living in 1S05. To the same niece, Sarah Russell Con- 
tee, was given "a certain tract of land at Nominy, which was con- 
veyed to me, on the fourth of July Seventeen hundred and ninety eight 
by Richard Henry Lee, Richard Lee and George Washington ... 
for the term of my Brother Richard's natural life," and at his death 
to be divided as the laws of Virginia should order. Two Maryland 
negroes were left to her goddaughter and great niece, Caroline Clerklee ; 
to great nephews Philip Ashton Lee Contee and Edmund Henry Con- 
tee, some silver; to great nieces Sarah Elinor Contee, Alice Lee 
Contee, some silver ; the Rev. Benjamin Contee was appointed sole 
executor. No mention was made of her sister, Alice Lee, or of Philip 
Richard J-endall, nor of any heirs of the sarne. 

(Note. — The date given above for the deed signed by Richard . . 
Henry Lee, etc., must be an error ; he died on the 19th of June, i 794.) 
iv, Alice \ T\\it Maryland Journal, under date of ist of April, 17SS, 
gives this : " Married a few days ago at Blenheim in Charles county, 
John Weems, late resident of the State of Delaware, to Miss Alice Lee, 
daughter of the Hon. Richard Lee, deceased." "Miss Alice Lee of 
Md." stood sponsor, on the loth of October, 1777, for Cassius, son 
of R. H. Lee ; probably this was the Alice so mentioned. 

' TRANCis Lee. 

9. Francis*, (second) son of Philip Lee^ (Richard ^ Richard*) by, 

Sarah Brooke, his fust wife, was born , and died in Cecil county, Md., 

in 1749. He had been clerk of that county since 1746, and had been also 
a deputy from Dorset county, for in i 746 an election was held to choose a 
successor to *• Mr. Francis Lee, Esti." (J///. Archives). He probably moved 
from Dorset to Cecil in that year. Mr. Francis Lee offered for lease his 
" late NLinsion House on the Northwest fork of the Nanticoke River " (Md. 
Ga:.ette, 30th January, 1747-S). 

Francis Lee married Elizabeth Hollyday, as stated in his will, and left 
three children. She was probably the daughter of Col. Leonard Plollyday, 



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154 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

of " Brookfield," who is said to have married a Semmes/ but may have been 
twice married. In his will Francis Lee mentions his brother-in-law, Thomas 
Hollyday, and a James Hollyday. This Elizabeth had a brother, Thomas, 
and an uncle, the Hon. James Hollyday ; these are the only clews which 
connect his wife with the daughter of Dr. Leonard Hollyday. 

His will, dated the 15th of September, and probated the 21st of No- 
vember, 1749, was as follows : 

In the Name of God, Amen. I Francis Lee, late of Checil County in the Province of 
Maryland in the [liist] place do give and bequeath my sou! into the Almighty God that gave 
it to be bery'd in a decent manner according to rightious Institution hoping a blessed Man- 
sion of eternity, A;c. Item. I give unto my beloved Wife Eliz'a Lee all the Right and Inter- 
est shft had in murringe with me for which her jointure made her; she had a jointure made 
her for two Negro with her to sell they not being very likely Viz: James son of Peter and 
Pegg Daughter of Kate and the Interest I bought of Philip Cakeor in Cecil County and all 
the Tobacco Debts due me for Clks fees in said County and elsewhere. Item. I give and 
bequeath unto my daughter Amelia Lee the negro Girl I gave her a good while Whesst by 
way of Bill of Sale Viz Silver. Item. I give to my son Francis Leonard Lee two negroes 
called Darby and Moli. Item. I give to the said Francis Leonard Lee all my dwelling 
Plantation in Dorset County called Rehoboth to him and hi.- heirs forever. Item. I give to 
my son Lancelot Richard Thos. Lee a Tract of land called Lee's first Purchase containing 
317 acres lying on the North East Fork of Nanticoke River, to him and his heirs forever. 
Item.. I give to the said Lancelot several tracts of land lying on Broad Creek in Somerset 
and Worchester Countys to him and his holts forever. Item. I give to my wife Elizabeth 
l>ee a Track of Land in Dorset County where the ship was built containing 50 acres to her 
and her heirs forever. Item. I give to my son Francis Leonard Lee two tracts of Land 
bought from John Smith joining to Rehoboth to him and his heirs forever— and I also 
bequeath to the said rVuncis Leonard all Tracts of Land whatsoever that I have any right to 
except those Lands willed as above. I give to my wife Eiiz. Lee my large riding Horse a 
little gray mare, a Iwb'd tail bay Horse and the chair, and all my household Furniture of 
what kind so ever except my Plate w^t' proi.erly belongs to my Daughter Amelia Lee which 
is to belong to my said Wife till my Daughter Amelia Comes to age. Item. I give to 
Doctr. Benj. Bradford my bay Horse k'--^ I bought from Peter Commerford. Item. I give 
to my son Lancelot two Negro Boys n:\n\cd Tony and Peter to him and his heirs forever. 
Item. I give to my daughter Amelia two negroes call'd Pompey and Dan to her and her 
heirs forever. Item. It is my will that my E.state shall not be separated for the space of two 
years till my Delits arc paid and the Tob : and Debts due to me are collected. Item. I do 
will and apjx)int my well l.elove«i wife Elizabeth my sole Executrix of this my last Will and 
Testament and none other. And I appoint Mr. James HoUiday and Doct^. Benj. Bradford 
to asiist my Wife in making up the above Estate w"i the Comisary and all other things 
needfull. Item. I leave unto Mr. James Holliday my riding Pi-tols. And I will after all 
my just debts are paid that the residue of my person.all Estate be equally divided between 
my wife and children. Amongst w^h Debts I doe declare the debts due to Edmund Jennings 
Esqr. and Robert Swan are not justly claimed and several others too teadious to name. And 
I request it of my Brother in Law Tho'' Holliday and Mr. Francis Warrim in Company w'l' 



I 0!J Ktnt, by George .\. Hinson, J47. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 1 55 

John Cook Es jr. to settle my at'tn.irs concerning the ship Paglo and Ann \v'^ James Russell 
and Henry Red Ciah in Company, ar.d to see uiy Estate has justice done it. As to the 
Debts due to Capt. Allen and Davis I left in the hands of Edmund Jenings Esqr. twenty 
Thousand Wt. of Tob : to pay them; the overplus to be returned to me — and I have ordered 
my Attorney in Dorset Capt. Cliarles Dickinson to pay Benj. Fisher Esqr. the Sterling money 
I owe him. I order Capt. Charles I)ickinson to pay his Excellency Sam'l Ogle Esqr. the 
money due him for Licenses w^'t^ money I was disappointed of by two Gentlemen when last 
at Annajxj'is tho' they faithfully jiromised. Signed, iSic, i-Vc., 15th September, 1749. 

As named in this will, tiie issue of Francis and Elizabeth (Hollyday) 
Lee were two sons and a daughter. From the wording of the will it is 
])robable that the two sons were of age in 1749; but the daughter was not. 
i, Francis Leonard \ 
ii, Lancelot Richard Thomas^. 
iii, Amelia ^ 

Philip Lee. 

10. Philip^ (third) son of Philip Lee ^ (Richard ^ Richard'), and 

Sarah P.rooke, his first wife, was born , and died in the summer of 

1739; he lived in Charles county, Maryland. His will, dated i ;th of 
April, and probated 3d of July, 1739, was as follows : 

In the name of God, Amen. I Philip Lee Jun'" of Charles County being weak of body 
but sound of memory, blessed be God, do this 17th day of April, in the year of our Lord 
Christ 1739 make and publish this my last Will and Testament in manner following, First 
1 bequeath my Soul to .\lmighty God who gave it me and my body to the earth whence it 
came, after such manner as my executors hereafter named shall think fit, that is to say after 
my just debts and funeral expenses are paid, I dispose of my worldly goods as follows. 
Imprimis I give to my dearly beloved Wife Bridgett Lee, during her widowhood, one negro 
man called Tom, which said negro is now an apprentice to Joel Andrew Mimistree Joiner 
but at the death or marriage of her my said wife my will and pleasure is that the same negro 
man be the property of my son Philip Lee, his heirs and assigns. Item. My will and pleas- 
ure i^ that when a certain tract of Land called Lee Langley is recovered out of the hands of 
a certain William Wilkinson of Charles County that then the same be immediately sould by 
my Lx'rs lirreat"ter named ami the produce thereof be equally divided amongst my three 
d.aiigliters namely, Sarah, Eli.'abeth and Lettice Lee or the survivors of them, their heirs and 
assigns, which said part of my Daughters Portion my will and pleasure is shall be paid to 
them at the day of their marriage or at twenty one years of age. Item. My desire is that all 
the remaining part of my personal Estate after debts paid and rec'd be div'd as the law 
directs. I make and ordain my dear and honoured Father Philip Lee Esqr. my dear 
Brothers Francis Lee, Ilenrv Lee and Thomas Lee, Executors of this my Last Will and 
Testament. In witness whereof, &c., ^vc. 

On tlie 3d of July, 1739, Henry Lee, one of the executors named in 
this will, renounced his executorship, a;s he was "determined to goe di- 
rectly to England;" this renunciation was witnessed by Philip, the father, 



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156 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

and Hancock, the brother. N'o mention was made in the will of Philip 
Lee, Sr., of a son, Henry; he rnay have settled i;ernianenily in England or 
have died without issue, before the date of his father's will. The children 
of Philip and JJridyet Lee, as named in his will, were: 

i, Philip*. ^ !;3j cxt •::3. rh.i,'^. Lc?, a^.j uy...,. 2.-?' oc^. last ..^.^!K--,•q. 17^0 <'H..ov.-,c.ni^rt^. 

u, Sarah*. ^ 

iii, Elizabeth*. ' 

iv, Lettice*. 

' Tno-MAS Lee. 

II. Thomas * (fourth), son of Philip Lee"* (Richard ^ Richard^) by 

Sarah Brooke, his first wife, was born , and died in August or September, 

1749 ; of his life there is no record. ?Ie married Christiana Sim, daughter 
of Dr. Patrick Siui, of Prince George's county, '^U1., and Mary, Ins wife, who 
was a daughter of the Hon. Tr.omas l^rooke, of " Brookcfield ;" she w'as 
probably his first :ousin. .\frer his death, Mrs. Lee married Capt. Walter 
Smith. Thomas Lee's will was made in August and probated in October, 
1749. Trie v.ill was without date ; these are from the probate ace. , 

In the name of God, Amen. I Thomas Lee of Prijice George Couniy in the province 
of Maryland Gent, being Sick and Weak in body but of sound and perfect luemory ihanks 
be to Almighty God for the same and considering the laicertain State of Mankind and that 
it is appointed f'.>r al! Men once to 'lye do make this my ia-;t Will and Testament in manner 
and form following that is to say. First, I commend rny Soul to Almighty God that gave it 
trusting through the merits of my Saviour Jesus Christ forgiveness of ray Sins, sndly, As to 
what worldly Estate it has pleased Almighty God to ble>s me with I give and bequeath the 
same as folio weth : 

First, I desire all my Just debts be paid. 2ndly, I give my Moiety of a Tract of Land 
lying in Virginia Called Paradise now in the possession of Francis Lee the reversion left me 
by my Hon'd Father Philip L<7e Esqr. to my son Thom.«.s Sim Lee and my Daughter Sarah 
Brooke Lee to be equally Divided between them to them their Jleirs and assigns forever and 
in case of either of their Deaths to tlie Survivor his or her heirs or assigns forever and in the 
case of the Death of both my son and d.iughter without legal Heirs of their body or that 
they arrive to full age then I leave the Said Land to be equally Divided between my 
nephews Philip Lee son of Philip Lee and Arthur Lee, son of Arthur Lee, their Heirs and 
assigns forever. 3rdly, I give my Moiety of a Tract of Land Called I^cs purchase or Stump 
Dale on Potomack the Reversion me left by my Hon'd Father to my dear and Loving Wife 
her Heirs and assigns forever, 4thly, I Will that my Land on Seneca Creek in Frederick 
County and an Island purchased of Thomas Bcall be sold for Payment of my Debts by my 
Executor, hereafter named and if need not be then I Will that the s.inie lie sold and the 
Money thereby Raised to be equally divided between my children. 

Lastly, I ajjpoint my dear and Loving Wife and Major Joseph Sim full and Sole Ex- 
ecutors of this my last Will and Teitamcnt. And I aLo ap[Vjiul Mrs. Mary Sim and Major 
Joseph Sim Guardians to my Children. I hereby Revoke and make void all Wills &.C., &c. 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 157 

The issue of Thomas and Christiana (Sim) Lee were two ; both minors 
in 1749: 

i, Thomas SimS See 28. 

ii, Sarah Brooke^; married twice; first Archibald Buchanan, no issue; 
secondly, Tumbull, and left issue. 

Captain Arthur Lee. 

12. Arthurs (fifth) son of Philip Lee' (Richard^ Richard') and 

Sarah Brooke, his first wife, was born ; died, probably in 1760; on 

the 26th of December, 1760, there was a new election for a delegate from 
Charles county, Md., "in room of Capt. Arthur Lee, deceased." (A/J. 
Archives.') Arthur Lee married Charity Hanson, who was a daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Hanson, of "Greenhill," Charles county, Md. : she 
seems to have been the widow of a Mr. Howard, when she married Arthur 
Lee. In her will (dated the 2d of January, and probated the 21st of 
March, 1755-6) she appointed her "dear husband Arthur Lee to be 
guardian to my said daughter Chloe Howard till she arrives at the age of 
sixteen;" also mentioned her own mother, Elizabeth Hanson, and her 
brother, Walter Hanson. The will of Arthur Lee has not been found, so 
there is no record of any children ; but his brother, Thomas Lee, left the 
reversion of some land to his " nephew Arthur Lee son of Arthur Lee." 

THE HANSON FAMILY. 

John Hanson, of London, son of John and Frances Prichard Hanson, 
visited Sweden, fell in love with a Swedish lady, married and settled in 
that country. From this union are descended the Hansons of Maryland. 

His son entered the Swedish army. Being of the 
^^35 ^^ ^^™^ ^g^ ^s the renowned Gustavus Adolphus, 
;*i=^'-*_j7., .,-;>> thev became intimate and devoted friends ; he 
J^Sr-t^Sc^^X ^°^^ ^'^ ^^' ^ colonel in the army, and was killed 
:(^?C ■;--?"'• "7/-<^^ at the battle of Lutzen, 6th of November, 1632, 



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while defending his royal friend, with whom he 

Xfy died on that sanguinary field. His sons, Andrew, 

Randal (or Randolph), William and John, came 

::^^^^^^0^^ ^"''^'^ ^^ Delaware, with Lieutenant Colonel John 

^^'"^-^^^^-"^ Printz, the governor of "New Sweden." The 

family finally became seated in Charles county, 

Maryland, where they have been prominent ever since. Col. John Hanson 

was authorized by the Swedish authorities to bear arms; he adopted a 



158 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ' vy 

modification of those borne by the English branch of his family, which 
have been used by his American descendants. An illustration of them is 
given here. 

It appears that only the youngest of these sons left issue ; the family is 
therefore descended from John Hanson, who was born about 1630 : settled 
in Charles county and died about i 713; he left i^sue : Robert, Benjamin, 
Mary, Anne^ Sarah, John, and Samuel Hanson. Robert, the eldest, repre- 
sented Charles county in the (Md.) Assembly in 1719-20-2S-32-34-39-40 ; 
he died in 174S, and left issue: Samuel, William, Dorothy, Mary, Sarah, 
Violetta, and Benjamin Hanson. Samuel, the youngest son, also repre- 
sented Charles county, 1716-28; v/as county clerk in 1739. In his will 
(dated 2 2d of October, 1740), he mentioned his wife, Elizabeth, and 
children: Judge Walter, of *-' Harwood ;" William; Samuel, of "Green- 
hill;" John, of "Mulberry Grove;" Elizabeth, Charity (who married 
Arthur Lee); Jane, and Chloe Hanson, then a minor; she afterward 
married Philip Briscoe, of St. Mary's county, Md., and has a line of 
descendants. "This Samuel Hanson was buried at 'Equality,' an estate 
then owned by his son-in-law, David Stone, 'the inheritor of Paynton 
Manor, with Court Leet and Court Baron,' a lineal descendant of Governor 
William Stone (of Md., 1649-54), the great-grandfather of the Hon. 
Frederick Stone, of Port Tobacco, Md." His eldest son, Judge Walter 
Hanson, of "Harwood," was Commissary of Charles county, 1740; he 

married Ploskins ; his daughter, Elizabeth, married Daniel Jenifer, and 

died in November, 1757, aged 25 years. His son, Hoskins Hanson, mar- 
ried Sarah Thompson, and had Richard Thompson Hanson (who moved to 
Georgia), Sarah Hanson (who married Major William Penn, of Charles 
county), and Catharine Hanson. The third son, Samuel, of "Greenhill," 
Charles county, was "noted for his patriotism ; it is related of him that he 
presented General Washington with ^Soo sterling to aid in covering the 
bare feet of his soldiers with shoes.*' His brother, John Hanson, of "' Mul- 
berry Grove," was a staunch friend of the Colonies; it is said that in the 
early part of the Revolutionary struggle, some very decided resolutions 
were introduced into the Maryland Assembly, of which he was a member; 
when the motion for their adoption was put, there was an awful pause ; the 
meuibers hesitated to take overt action, which might place their heads and 
fortunes in jeopardy; thereupon rose John Hanson, and said: "Mr. Presi- 
dent, these resolutions ought to pass; it is high time," etc. They were 
then promptly passed "amidst much enthusiasm." He was born in t 715 rir 
in Charles county, which'he represented almost continuously from 1757 to 
17735 ^^ then moved to Frederick county, which he also represented till 



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STRATFOFS) IIKT.. FDUKTfi G£Ki3J4.T10K . XJ^ 

17B1 ; was vaj active ir opposition to all ParixameEtar-^- m^uras ; sipied 
the ^'NoT^-lmponaiiDr! Apxasmem of ^Marii-iaiid, " rati of Jime, J 769 ; vvas 
chainnar] of the *■' Ccnmaiuiie of OiKer^-axiox '' for Ji^Qerick. froir 177- 
ic the formatioii of the State irovemmein ;, iae iieic cDHtimiDusiv the most 
imtortan: p^sitjons m cormtj- and Stare ; entered ihe Contiiieriiai CixngnsE, 
220 of Februarv, 17 Si, and was chosen it? Pr^ioent the next Not'ember, to 
act for tiie comini; }-£a:. He iiad the honor of weicominr^ General Vash- 
innton, -wiien he came to Phiiadeipiiia. after the surrender of Cornxvallis at 
Yorktov-n. Signed ttie articles of Coniederatioi.. ist IviaxcL, 27B1. This 
Join: Hansor ^--R-as a man of peat moral intrepidirr and oeasinii of 
character, and hnt few men, in lie excTting times of lie Revokitioit. and 
prior thereto, enioj-ed ix a greater degree the confidence of the commimitr, 
as is fuLv evinced by the fact that he was eievated by hi= counrymer tD 
the verv highest and mcBt resijonsibie ofices, and was m liie service of the 
State almost v-idiDin intemiissiox from 3757 to 37 B2. Ht -was a member 
of tiie Zpiscopal Church and zealois in its imersts. ' ' He married lane, 
danghier of Alexander Contee : she died on the 21st of Jebraarv, 1F12, aged 
Bs years ; thei- iiac issue : Aler^ande: Contee Hanson. rhaT.-^l.nr of Marr- 
land. -w-ho died on 22c. of NLU'emi>er. 3763, aged oh veai^ at ♦• CboDn Hiil.'" 
Prince Geozge's cotmty. Vniie on a risn: to hs nephesr. Tnomas Hanson. 
He was, in earn" life, assistnnt private secretary tr General "Washmirton : iaier. 
was one of the fiist judges of the General Court o: IMarvlanf.. tmder the Con- 
stiration of 277©; in 37S9. iie was atipoinied Chancelior o: INIan-iand. and 
held the positiDn imti: his death : at tiie Tsaixsr. of the ILeirsiaxirre iie 
compiled the law^ of tiie State, known as ^-Hanson's Law? :'' he married 
Rebecca Howard, of AnnapDiis. and left : Charies ^^aliace. Alexander 
Contee. and a daughter, whc married Thomas Peabody Grosvenar. a mem- 
ber of Cougres from New York. Ciiarles IV^Jiact Hanson was a yadge ; he 
married JLebecca. daughter of the Hon. Ciiaries Kidgeiey. win. was governor 
of ^laiyland, 3F35-3F : btit had no children. The second son. the Hon. 
Alexander Contee Hanson. I". S. Senator, 3F3i>-3 9. was tiie editor and 
proprietor of the J^-dsr^: J^svurlisan, a P^timare paier of inr.aence : 
he was mobbed and neariy killed, at Baltimore, in Jmie, 3 Ft 2, because he 
opposed the waj with England. At tiie same time. General T .Tngrrr, -was 
killed, and General Henry Lee senonsix- iniirred. He married Priscilia 
Doiseyand had issue: Charles Grcerv'enar Hanson, who married {zi^so), 
Annie Maria, oaughier of T. H. TTonhington, of Bakhnore counr^-, and 
had ; John Woitmngton. Priscilia.. Charles Edw^axd. Murrav, Samuel Contee, 
GrosvenoT. Nannie, Fiorence. Alice, and Jicssie Hansoii. ^Hanson's OS^ 



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Hancock Lee. 
13- Hancock Lee*, (sixth) son of Philip Lee^ (Richard ^ Richard'^ 

was probably by his second n.arriage ; he was born , and died the latter 

part of October, 1759; apparently he was never married, no mention being 
made of wife or children. His will, dated loth October and probated 
5th November, was as follows: 

In the name of God, Amen. I Hancock Lee of Prince George's Countv in fK. 
Provmce of Maryland being weak and infi™ of body but of sound and dsoS: id and 
memory do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and' form foIotL, 
Impnm. bequeath my Soul into the hands of my Redeemer and my body to be d c iy 
buned without pomp or show and in the presence of a few friends only ^ 

Ex'rs he"^;./ "'" 'i'''?"^ 'PP'"^ '''' '^" '"y ^"^' '^^^'^ b« P^'d -nd satisfied by my 
James Russell of London Merchant wch Concern or Partnership has been lately settled but 
^e profits of thej^d. Concen: or Partnership as by bonds books bills of sale and mortgacje; 

clcT'T :T ""' '"'" ^"' ''^^^' ^^^^ '">' ^^- Ex'rs shall as soon as mav be 

collect and receive all the said debts so outstanding foreclose all the mortgages convert the 
same ,oto ..d ra.se all the money or Tob: which the bills of sale af^. or'oth r deed- Y 

Tames Rut llin F ', ." " 5'"'''" ''"'^^^'- ''^'^- '^'^^^^^ ^ P^^ ^ '^"^ ^^ ^^- -id 
James Rus.el m England conditioned for the payment of Eleven hundred and odd pounds 

and eighty Pound, sterling upon my own proper account) one hundred eighty and three 
hogsheads of tobacco and two hundred and odd Pounds in bills of Exchange^heh be ng 
part of the prohts of the sd. old Concern I have directed the sd. James RusLll to apZ 

Exch.af^Mo hs the said James Russell's own proper use and acc't. and that the other 

said bond. Lut if there should yet remain anything due and owing on my sd. bond I hereby 

Item. I ;.,II airect and api>omt that all the effects w^h shall appear to be my own private 
property excepting what is hereafter particularly mentioned shau'be sold by mVE"rrh 
after named and converted into money with all convenient speed. Item. I giv. Ind 
bequeath to my sd. Br. Corbin Lee a gold watch with the chain' and seal belon^g to it 

Brother, wife a neat sett of china which were presented to me by my sister Ann Ru'sell' 
I g.ve unto my sister Alice Clark all my shirting and wearing stockings. I also give uno 
my sister R.w,e s son Daniel Bowie all my waring apparel. To my silr Alice Cr two 
fea.her beds and to my si,ter Margaret Symer two feather beds and to each of my Brothers 
and Sisters vizt. to my Brother Corb.n Lee to my Brother John Lee to my Brodfer G^rg 
I.e to my Sis er L,> titia W.udrop, Alice Clark. Hanna Bowie and Margaret Simer o! 
hundred pounds Sterling to be paid to each of them. Item. I give and bequeath to 
Hancock Lee son of my Pr. John Lee in Virginia two hundred pound! sterling to be paid to 
bis father my sd. Br. John Lee for Uie u.e of his sd. son Hanco k Lee ' 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. l6l 

Item. All the rest and residue of my Estate be it of what kind or nature soever I give 
and bequeath to my sister La'titia Wardrop to be paid to my Hr. George Lee and by him to 
be paid over to her for her sole use and maintenance. Item. Whereas I brought out this 
year from London a large assortment of goods on the joint account of the afors<* James 
Russell and myself great part of which are yet on hand and unsold it is my will and desire 
and I hereby direct tliat my Ex'rs shall dispose of the same and make up the accounts 
thereof as soon as may be and remit the produce thereof to the sd. James Russell in order to 
reimburse him for what lie has been or may be in advance for the said goods which are now 
divided into two cargoes one being at the town of Nottingham in Prince George's County 
and the other at Gcirge town in Kent County on the Eastern Shore unless Mr. James 
Russell's attorney in fact shall take all the sd. cargoes or concerns on the proper acc't of for 
the use of the sd. James Russell ; in which case it is my will and desire and I hereby direct 
and appoint that all the said goods books and other things in any way relating to the sd. 
Concern shall be ilelivered up unto him the said James Russell's attorney in fact and I 
hereby constitute and appoint Mr. Charles Graham of Calvert County Merch't, Theodore 
Contee, my Brother George Lee Executors of this my last Will and Testament, desiring 
them to accept of such commission a> they may think proper for their trouble. In witness, 
lie, <S:c. 

It will be observed that Hancock, in this will, made bequests to each 
of his father's younger children, Elizabeth excepted, who died in i752;6cpLic) ai;ccV 2?- (;. 
they were probably his full brothers and sisters, that is, the children of the 
second marriage. 

John Lee. 

14. John*, (eighth) son of Phili]) Lee^ (Richard ^ Richard'), born 
in Maryland, moved to Virginia and settled in Esse.x county ; he succeeded 
his cousin. Col. John Lee, of ''Cabin Point," as county clerk in 1761. 
(This John was the eldest son of Henry and Mary (Bland) Lee, of " Lee 
Hall," Westmoreland ; he married Mrs. Mary (Smith) I^all, and had suc- 
ceeded Captain William Beverley a-s clerk in 1745.) John Lee (of Mary- 
land) married Susannah Smith, a sister of his cousin's wife; he had been 
given some land in Essex by his cousin, which place he named " Smithfield." 
John Lee (of Maryland) was in turn succeeded in the clerkship, in 1777, 
by his son, Hancock Lee, who held the position until 1792, when his 
brother, John P. Lee, became clerk and continued in office until 1S14. 

John Lee's will was dated 24th of April and was proved on the 19th of 
May, 1777: 

In the name of God, .A,men. I John Lee of the county of Essex being sick and weak 
but of sound and di^.j-o^ing mind and memory do make and ordain this my last will and tes- 
tament in manner and form foliowing. Imprimis : I lend unto my beloved wife ."^usanna Lee 
during her life the land conveyed to me by John Lee gent, deceased, containing about 300 
acres being part of the tract purchased by the said John Lee last mentioned of John Nail. 
Item. I give and devise unto ray son Hancock Lee and his heirs forever the said 3(X) acres 
II 



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l62 ■ LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

of land after my wife's decease in lieu of and as a satisfaction for ;C200 sterling given him 
by his uncle Hancock Lee of the Province of Maryland, but if my son Hancock should 
refuse to accept of the said land as a satisfaction for the said sum of ;^200 sterling then I 
direct that the interest in the said land here!>y devised to him sliall be sold by my executors 
hereafter named and the luoney arising from such sale l)e divided amongst such of my 
younger children as shall be living at the time of my wifes death. 

Item. I direct that all the rest and residue of my estate of what nature or kind soever 
or so much of it as my executors shall had necessary shall be sold for the discharge of my 
debts and the surplus I devise to my said wife Susanna and my younger children equally to 
be divided between them, my said wife to enjoy her proportion of such surplus so long as 
she shall continue my widow and no longer. Lastly, I constitute and appoint my friends 
Muscoe Garnett and William Vouni^, executors of this my Will. 'In witness, etc. 

Thi.s will mentions by name only one child, Hancock, but alludes to 
" my younger children." The names of these children are found in the 
wills of John Lee, the cousin of the testator, and in those of his sons, 
Hancock, John Pitt, Pja'dwiu ^^atthe^\•^, and George W. Lee. The daugh- 
ter, Mary, married a Micou, probably a Paul Micou, as a nephew, Paul 
Micou, Jr., is mentioned; Lettice married John Whiting; apparently 
neither Hancock, P.aldwin, or George left any issue; it is said that Philip 
married Mary Jacqueline Smith (the sister-in-law nientioned by Baldwin), 
who was a daughter of Dr. John A. Smith, as stated by his daughter, Mary 
D. Smith. The widow, Mrs. Susannah Lee, was living on the 28th of 
December, 1793, ^""^ mentioned by her son, Philip. Abstracts of the wills 
of these l^rothers are given here together for easier comparison. 

The children of John Let- and Susannah Smith, his wife, were: 

i, Hancock \ born ; died in August or September, 1792 ; married 

.A.nne Smith. Hi> will was written the Sth of February, 1790, and 
probated the i7tn of Se{,tember, 1792: " I Hancock Lee being sick 
and weak but of perfect sense and memory do make and ordain this my 
last will and testament in manner following. Imprimis: I give and be- 
queath to my beloved wife Anne Lee two thirds of my slaves . . . 
also one third of my liousehold and kitchen furniture. My land at 
Makeshift and the other third of slaves and two thirds of my stock to 
be sold for pavment of my \u>i tlebts. I give to my Brother John Lee 
my seal left mo a^ a legacy by uncle Hancock. I give to my Brother 
Phill my silver . . . which was left me as a legacy bv my Aunt Lettice 
Thompson. I also give to my beloved wife the silver spoons left her 
by her Mother .\nn Smith. I a[)point my brothers Phill Lee, Jno. 
Lee, and Jno. Smith I^xecutors," etc. 

ii, John Pin *. .Nothing is known concerning this John P. Lee excepting 
what iscont.iir.ed m his will, which was written on the ist of .August, 









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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION'. 163 

and probated, in Essex, the 15th of August, 1S14. Left to his "sister 
Whiting, of Middlesex, all my Middlesex property, Land, negroes, 
stocks, &c., during her life and at her death I give the same to her 
four daughters; " the money paid to Henry Gaines for John Micou to 
be considered a gift to said John Micou ; gave to his •' brother Bald- 
win M. Lee and hisheirs forever my Mount Landing property with all 
the negroes, stocks, &c., upon it . . . and do confide to his Trust and 
care and particular attention Catherine, Flora, Wm. and John and my 
faithful servant Jonathan;" to Baldwin AL Lee and George W. Lee he 
left "the residue of my Estate, the Gloster and Matthews lands." 

iii, Baldwin M.-\TTHEwi, born ; died the 7th of February, 1822; 

his will contains all now known about him , apparently he never mar- 
ried. "This is the Last Will and testament of Baldwin AL Lee of 
Leesville in the County of Westmoreland and State of Virginia. 
First 1 give that part of the Smithfield tract of land in the County of 
Essex, which I shall be entitled to at the death of my Mother Susanna 
Lee, to my Brother John P. Lee, to him and his heirs forever. 2ndly. 
I give all the rest of my property, lands and negroes and every other 
kind and description of property Literest, and Estate, to which I am 
entitled, to my sister in Law Mary J. Lee. to her and her heirs forever, 
incumbering her with the payment of all my just debts, and do give 
her full and ample power to sell and dispose of the same if she thinks 
proper. I do appoint Mrs. Mary J. Lee, John P. Lee, and George W. 
Lee, my Ex'ors, ^'c, <\:c." This was dated 27th September, 1804; 
in a codicil of the roth September, 1821, his brother George W. Lee 
was excluded from the executorship ; " it is very much my desire to do 
something for the four children recommended to my care by my 
brother John P. Lee, to wit : Catharine Smith, Florinda, John and 
William Smith, but I find some difficulty in doing so at this time, but 
having the most implicit and unlimited confidence in my Sister in Law 
Mrs. Mary ]. Lee, I shall leave them to her care, believing she will do 
them Justice and also do Justice with whatever estate may be left 
after paying my just debts," .^'c, c\:c. This will was probated 25th 
February, 1822. 

iv, George W.\ will dated 3d October and probated 15th Xovember, 
1824, in Essex county. Mentioned his sister ''Mary Micou," to whom 
he lent his Smithfield lands for life and at her death one-fourth to 
nephew John Hancock Micou ; of the balance of his estate he gave 
one-fifth each to Albert Micou, Susannah Micou. and Felicia Micnu ; to 
his niece Maria Micou one-fit"th for life, and at her death to her chil- 



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164 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

dren; the remaining fifth to the children of nephew, Paul Micou, Jr. 
Nephews John Hancock and Albert Micou, executors. 
V, Philip^, See 29. 

vi, Lettice^, died 8th August, 1838, aged 84 years; married, in 1783, 
Captain John Whiting, of Gloucester, and had: i, Susannah Smith, 
who died 3d April, 1S45, unmarried. 2, Lettice Lee, who died 28th 
January, 1828; married, 22d January, 1820, Richard Woodward, and 
had one son, John Pitt Lee, still living. 3, Mary Anna Edwards, who 
died 3d April, 1845, unmarried. 4, Elizabeth Hancock, who married 
James Chowning. Her brother, John Pitt I>ee. left to his " sister 
Whiting of Middlesex all my Middlesex property. Land, negroes, 
stocks, &:c., and at her death I give the same to her four daughters." 
vii, Marv% from her brother George W. Lee's will it is learnt that she mar- 
ried a Micou and had: Paul, John Hancock, Albert, Susannah, Felicia, 
and Maria Micou. (This Paul Micou, whom Mary Lee married, was 
probably a grandson of the Paul Micou, the Huguenot refugee, who 
lived on the Rappahannock at a place called " Port Micou." He died 
there the 23d of May, 1736. His daughter, Margaret, married iMoore 
Fauntleroy. A Paul Micou, Jr., was Justice for Essex county from 
1740 to 1790 ; his son, of same name, held the office from 1780 to 
• 1800, and was probably the husband of this Mary Lee.) 
viii, Elizabeth \ 

George Lee. 

15. George* (seventh) son of Philip Lee' (Richard ^ Richard^), by 
his second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Sewall, was evidently very young at the 
time of his father's death; he was probably the youngest son, if not the 
youngest child. There is no record to be found of his life; from his 
will, it is discovered that he was married, trttt to whom is not known. 
From the desire to be buried at " Green Hill," in Charles county, and from 
mention of the Hansons, it may be surmised that he married one of that 
family. ''Green Hill," later known as "Hanson's Hill," had been a seat 
of that family for many years. It was l-equeathed by Samuel Hanson, Sr., 
to his son, Samuel, in 1740. George Lee si)oke of the family burying- 
ground at this place, probably meaning of his wife's family. He desired to 
be "remov'd hence [from Washington] to the family burying Grounds at 
Green Hill in Charles county and there be interred without pomp or con- 
siderable expense by the side of my beloved wife. On whom as well as 
myself I desire a monumental slab of [tlain free stone to be laid with some 
short and aj-propriate inscription thereon." 



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STRATKORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION'. 165 i 

111 this will, he styled himself George I.ee, of the City of Washingtun, 
gave minute directions for the disj-osal of his slaves, many of whom were 
to be freed after various terms of service; those that were to be sold were ; 

to have time to look for kind purchasers, and none lo be sold to any dealer . ' 

in slaves. He left legacies to Xancy H. Baker, George Lee Magruder, ' 

Chloe Ann Lingan, Chloe Lee Carr, and to "Thomas i\phenix son of my • . 

niece." Gave $500 to Rebecca Hanson, the daughter of Thomas Hanson ; 

but mentioned no relationship. Heiiry H''. Chapman, John R. ALagruder, f 

Jr., and Nicholas Lingan were appointed his executors. The will was dated i 

the 15th of May, and ])robated on the 30th of September, 1807. George 
Lee's sister Margaret married a man by the name of '' Symer,"^and had a ^--^ p tc, 
daughter who married a Pheni.x ; this Thomas Pheni.x was her son. Chloe 
Lee Carr was the wife of Overton Carr, of Prince George's county, whom 
she married on the 21st of .-\pril, 1S07. Her maiden name was Baker, i^in.rfDr.T/p.R^v-r 
probably a sister of the above-mentioned Nancy H. Baker. Mr. G. G, ^ 

Eaton, of Washington, thinks they were both granddaughters of Chloe i 

Howard, daughter of Mrs. Charity Lee, wife of .\rthur Lee. George Lee , 

Magruder died at Annapolis, Md., on the 13th of J"ne, 1863, aged 62 
years. The Nicholas Lingan mentioned was probably of the same family 

as General James M. Lingan, of Revolutionary fame, N^ho was killed by the ' ■ ' ' ' 

mob in Baltimore, in 1S12, at the same time that General Henry Lee was 
injured. 

Hon. Philip Ludwell Lee. 

16. Philip Ludwell*, eldest surviving son of Thomas Lee' (Richard', 
Richard') and Hannah Ludwell, his wife, was born on the 24th of Feb- 
ruary, 1726-7, and died on the 2rst of that month in the year 1775. ! 
Whether he was born at Stratford or Mt. Pleasant is not known ; tradition 

has always claimed that all the sons of Thomas Lee were born at Stratford. ■ ! 

As to his death, there is tr.e letter of hi-, cousin, " Squire " Richard Leo, to 
William Lee, in London : '•' I wrote the 23d of February [1775] yen- that 
your Brother, the Honourable Philip Ludwell Lee, Esq., departed this Life 
the 2ist of tliat month ; he was interred on the 24th of February, his birth- 
day, and a son was born the same day and at the time of his Interment. 
No will has been found." Mr. Lee was educated in England, but at what 
institution is not known. Studied law at the " Inner Teniple," London. 

As heir-at-law of his father, Philip Ludwell inherited the larger share 
of his estate, and was charged with the care and education of his younger ' ' 

brothers. These lands were in Westmoreland, Northumberland, on the " 
eastern shore of Maryland, two islands in the Potomar, and some land up ' ' 



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i66 



LEE OF VIRGINMA. 



the river above the Falls of the Potomac. It has been said that Thomas 
Lee, many years before, had taken up land on the upper Potomac, above 
the site of the present location of Georgetown, believing that some day the 
Colonies would become independent of Great Britain, and that the new 
nation would locate its capital on the Potomac near these falls ! This story 
seems rather improbable ; one might have i)rophesied that the growing Col- 
onies would one day form themselves into a new nation, but that one could 
so tar in advance predict the location of its capital is rather unlikely. At 
any rate, prophet or no prophet, Thomas T.ee did locate a claim only a few 
miles above the present city of Washington. 

In 1757, Loudoun county was formed from Fairfax, and included in its 
borders some of Philip Ludwell Lee's lands; '• Leesburg, the county seat, 
. . . was named from the Lee family, who were among the early settlers of 
the county ; it was established in Septeml)er, i 758, in the thirty-second year 
of the reign of George II. Mr. Nicholas Minor, who owned the sixty acres 
around the court-house, had them laid off into streets and lots, some of 
which, at the passage of the act, had been built upon. The act constituted 
the Hon. Philip Ludwell Lee, Esqr., Thomas Mason, Esqr., Francis 
Lightfoot Lee, James Hamilton, Nicholas Minor, Josiah Clapham, Aeneas 
Campbell, John Hugh, Francis Hague, and William West, gentlemen, the 
trustees for the town." (Howe's History of Virginia, 353.) 

Philip Ludwell Lee was a member of the House of Burgesses (30th 
March, 1756), and succeeded his father as member of the Council; appar- 
ently he was the secretary of the Council on the i8th of June, 1770, when 
a " li.st of Books necessary for the Council Chamber " was made out by him ; 
the list included reports of Parliament, histories, philosophical transactions, 
Demo-->thenes' orations, and the like. 

After his brother William's marriage he wrote him this gossipy letter : 

'• Dear Brother: Though you wd. not write me of your good tidings 
amongst others you wrote, yet I shall be amongst the first to wish you joy 
very heartily ; one of the most amiable women in the world you have pos- 
session of and I ho{ie and Don't doubt you will do everything in yr. 
power to make her a.s happy as mortals can be, in grateful! return. I su}j- 
pose you will hear from R. H. Lee that the Executors have refused to divide 
the estate 'til October; I wonder you shd. not know they wd. refuse; by 
the will if the young ladies dye under particular circumstances, they get the 
Estate; had I been concerned for that reason I wd. have made them done it 
instantly. How cd. you appoint yr. two Brothers, who know nothing of 
surveying or good land from bad and one of the Executors who I have heard 



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STRATFORD LINE, KOI R'lH GENERATION'. t6j 

you talk of you knon- liow, to divide it ^ Something; slul. be speedilv done 
for the Estate, tho' fine, does not make enough to luuc the lOxpenses of it ; 
I wonder you don't come in to see it divided and to live on it, if you do not 
it will always bring xou in debt, remember I tell you so. 

" Mrs. Lee and Matilda wish you joy. I enclose a letter from Miss Cxal- 
loway. Our Bro. Franc : Lee was married to >Liss Rebec : Tavloe last 
Thursday; to-morrow Patty Corbin and Geo: Turberville are to be mar- 
ried; Davenport is married to >riss Ransdell, Mi-s Betty Washington 
to Alex'r. Spotswood, Xancy Washin-ton to Burdet A.^hton, Miss Gate 
Vaulx to young Banhead. Thos. Turner to Miss Jane Faunileroy, Dr. Faun- 
tleroy of. Leeds to Miss Fauntleroy of Essex, T,andon Garter, son of 
old Charles, is to be married in a little while to Miss Molly Fauntleroy of 
Xaylor's Hole ; Merriwether Smith is to marry in a few days Mi.ss Dainger- 
field of Plssex with ^1,500 fortune; ^\'idow Rust at Rusts Ferry to Corrie, 
Hobs Hole, mar'd some n)onths, and sundry others ; so yon see this has been 

a marrying year Miss Bushrod is mar'd to Phil : Smith ; the 

Widow Lee of Jno : Lee to old Jno : Smith the inoculator. . . ." 
" Virg'a Stratford, 31 May, 1769." 

Philip Ludwell Lee married (about 1761-2) Elizabetli, second daughter 
of James Steptoe, of ^^'estmoreland. and left three children. His widow 
married Philip Richard Fendall, and died about June, 1789, probably 
without issue by her second marriage. 

On 19th of April, i 7S2, the report of the appraisement and division of 
Philip Ludwell Lee's estate was filed ; the land consisted of 6,595 acres, 
mentioned as "the Glifts, Stratford, and All Hallows;" the mansion house, 
with its oftices, and i,Soo acres were allotted Mrs. Fendall ; the remainiiig two- 
thirds reserved tor the two daughters, the son having died. On the 30th of 
May, 1780, ;^i,$S-> currency, one-third dower, was paid to Philip Richard 
Fendall, for "Mrs. Fendall." 

The children of Philip Ludwell and Elizabeth (Stcpioe) Lee were: 
i, Matilda \ married her cousin, Henry Lee (35, q. v.). 
ii, Flora', married her first cousin, Ludwell Lee (33, q. v.). 
iii, Philip^, born on the 24th February, 1775 ; died in infancy. 

The will of James Steptoe (dated roth May, 1755; probated, West- 
moreland, 2Sth September, 1757") mentioned wife, I^lizabeth ; sons, George, 
James, Tliomas, and William ; daughters, Ann and Elizabeth ; sister Garrell 
to have charge of daughter FJizabeth ; estate to be kept intact until children 
were 21 years old. Wife IClizabeth, Richard Lee, Philip Ludwell Lee, and 
George Lee, Ex'rs. Richard Lee filed an account, as administrator, 2.Sth 






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l68 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ■<?'■ 

September, 1762, in which payments were credited to Philip Ludwell Lee, 
"on account." In a division of slaves, recorded 26th March, 1771, the 
two daughters were mentioned ; Elizabeth a.s the wife of Philip Ludwell Lee 
and Ann as the wife of Samuel Washington, (Westmoreland records.) 

The following note was written by the housekeeper at Stratford ; it is 
quite unique : 

"To Miss Martha Corbin, Potobac. Stratford. September the 27. 
Dear Miss. I gladly embrace this opportunity of writing to you to 
put you in mind that there is such a being as my Selfe. I did not think 
you two would have slited me so, your Little cosen matilda was made a 
cristan the 25 of September the godmothers was mrs. Washington miss becy 
taloe miss molly Washington miss Nancy Lawson Stod proxse for miss nelly 
Lee and I for mrs. Fauquer, godfathers was col. Taloe mr. Robert Carter 
mi's. Washington Col. Frank Lee, the Esqr [S<:[uire Richard Lee], mrs Wash- 
ington and your ant Lee Dessers there Love to you I am your very humble 
Servant, Elizabeth Jackson." 

Thomas Ludwell Lee. 

17. Thomas Ludwell*, fourth son of Thomas Lee^ (Richard', Rich- 
ard ') and Hannah Ludwell, his wife, was born the 13th of December, i 730, 
and died at his home, •' Bellevue," in Stafford county, on the 13th of Ai)ril, 
1778. His brother, R. FL Lee, writing to Arthur Lee, then in London, 
under date of the 12th of May, 177S, said: ... "It is with infinite pain 
that I inform you our dear brother of Belleview departed this life on the 
13th of April last, after sustaining a severe Rheumatic fever for six weeks. 
Dr. Steptoe attended him the whole time, and I was also with him. Both 
public and private considerations render this loss most lamentable. He had 
just been appointed one of our five judges of the General Court, in which 
station he was well qualified to do his country eminent service. He has 
left behind him a numerous family (7 children) and a very disconsolate 
widow." 

Of the school days and earlier life of Thomas Ludwell nothing is 
known. It is highly probable that he was sent to England for his educa- 
tion, as were most of his brothers. It is also likely that he read law at one 
of the London schools. John Adams, quoting Chancellor Wythe, said of 
him: " Thomas Lee was the most popular man in Virginia, and the delight 
of the eyes of every Virginian, but . . . would not engage in public life." 
This latter statement, that' he " would not engage in public life," is suscep- 
tible of two interpretations. First, that Thomas Ludwell was averse to 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 1 69 

public po.iitions, or that he would accept none outside of Virginia. He 
certainly did hold many positions in the State, but may have been, like his 
brother, Francis Lightfoot, averse to public life. He was, at the time of his 
death, one of the judges of the (General Court, and had been a frequent mem- 
ber of the Assembly as well as of the Conventions. 

Mr. Grigsby, in his Discourse on the Virginia Convention of 1776, 
has said of him ; " Among the patriotic names distinguished in our early 
councils none is invested with a purer lustre than the name of Lee. It is 
radiant with the glory of the Revolution. It has been illustrated by the 
sword, by the pen, and by the tongue. And in the Convention, now sit- 
ting, were two brothers^ who bore the name, and who impressed upon it a 
dignity, which, prominent as it had been for more than a century of 
Colonial history, it had never borne before. 

" Thomas Ludwell Lee and Richard Henry Lee were brothers. Thomas 
Ludwell, the elder of the two, held a conspicuous position as a patriot and 
lawyer, and died before the close of the war, but not until he had filled the 
most responsible trusts with fidelity and honour. He had been a member 
of the House of Burgesses, was a member of the Convention of July and 
December, 1775, and was chosen a member of the Committee of Safety. 
He took his seat in the Convention now sitting as a member from Stafford, 
and was placed on the committee appointed to draft a declaration of rights, 
and a plan of government. On the organization of the new government 
under the Constitution, he was appointed one of the five Revisors, and later 
elected one of the five judges of the General Court." 

Thomas Ludwell Lee was an ardent supporter of the Colonies against 
the encroachments of the British ministry, as the following extract from a 
letter to his brother, Richard Henry Lee, then attending Congress at 
Philadelphia, shows. Writing from Williamsburg, under date of the iSth 
of May, 1776, he said : 

"Enclosed you have some pointed resolves which passed our conven- 
tion to the infinite joy of the people here. The preamble is not to be ad- 
mired in point of composition, nor has the resolve for independency that 
peremptory and decided air which I could wish. Perhaps the proviso, which 
reserves to this Colony the power of forming its own government, may be 
questionattle as to its fitness. Would not a uniform plan of government 
prepared for America by the Congress and approved by the Colonies be a 
surer foundation of increasing harmony to the whole? However such as 
they are, the exultation here was extreme. The British flag was imme- 



' And two others of the family. Henry Lee, of Prince William, and Richard Lee, of Westmoreland, 
vere also members of this Convention. 



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170 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

diately struck on the Ca[)itol, and a Continental hoisted in its room. The 
troops were drawn out, and we had a discharge of artillery and small arms. 
You have also a set of resolves offered by Col: M. Smith; but the first, 
which were proposed the second day by the President, for the debate lasted 
two days, were preferred. These he had formed from the resolves and pre- 
ambles of tlie first day, badly put together. Col : Mason came to town 
yesterday after the arrival of the post. I showed him your letter, and he 
thinks with uie that your presence here is of the last consequence. He de- 
signs to tell you so by letter to-day. All your friends agree in this opinion. 
Col° : Nelson is on his way to Congress, which removes the objection respect- 
ing a quorum of delegates. To form a plan of just and equal government 
would not perhaps be so very difficult; but to preserve it from being mar'd 
with a thousand impertinences, from being in the end a jumble of discord- 
ant, unintelligible parts, will demand the protecting hand of a master. 1 
cannot recollect with precision the quantity of lead which we have received 
from the mines, though I think it about ten tons. 

" The works are now carried on by the public on a large scale, and no 
doubt is entertained here that a full supply for the continent may be had 
from thence, by increasing the number of hands. In my next you shall 
have a more accurate acc't. The fast was observed with all due solem- 
nity yesterda}-. The delegates met at the Capitol and went in procession to 
hear a sermon by appointment of the convention. Corbin and Wormeley 
. . . the first to an estate his father has in Caroline, the other to his 
plantation in Berkley. Adieu my dear Brother, give my love to Loudoun,' 
and let us have the satisfaction to see you assisting in the great work of this 
Convention." 

The " resolves," which did not have the " peremptory and decided 
air" that Mr. Lee desired, were passed by the Virginia convention, on the 
15th of May, 1776, and were as follows : 

Resolved, that the delegates appointed to represent this Colony in General Congress. 
be instiiicted to propose to that respectaMe body, to declare the united colonies free and in- 
dependent states, absolved from all allegiance to, or dependence on the crown or parliannent 
of Great I'ritain ; and that they give the assent of this Colony to such declaration, and what- 
ever measures may be thought necessary by Congress for forming foreign alliances, and a 
confederation of the colonies, at such time and in the manner that to ihem shall seem best: 
provided, that the power of forming governments for, and the regulations of the internal con- 
cerns of each colony, be left to the colonial legislatures. 

Thomas Ludwell Lee inarried ^Llry, daughter of William Avlett, 
probably of Prince William ; they had the following issue : 

1 F. L. L«e, frequently so called by hU brother!. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 1 71 

i, Thomas Ludwixi. ■\ See 30. • *• 

ii, William Avlett^, died young and unmarried. ■■ • 

iii, Geor(;e*, See 31. 

iv, Anne Fenton\ horn ; died ; married, on the 3d of Janu- 
ary, 17S2, Daniel Carroll r^rent, of " Richland," Stafford county, and 
had twelve children ; of whom, only six grew up: i, William, born 13th 
of January, 17S3 ; died 13th of May, 1843 ; married his first cousin, 
Winifred Beale, daughter of Thornas Ludwell, and Fanny (Carter) Lee 
(see 30, iv). 2, Thomas Ludwell Lee, born the 9th of August, 1784. 
3, Adelaide Brent, born the 25th of December, 1786. 4, Eleanor, 

born the nth of October, 1787. 5, George Lee, born August, 

1793. 6, Mary Aylett, born the yl of October, 1795. 

V, LucINDA^ born — — ; died ; married Dr. John Dalrymple Orr, 

of Prince William couiity, and had issue : Mary Aylett, Eleanor Lee, 
Thomas Ludwell Lee, John Dalryniple, Arthur Lee, and Ann Fenton 
Brent Orr, all of whom died young or without marrying, excepting 
Eleanor; she married, on the 5th. of May, 1S29, (ieneral Asa Rogers, 
of Loudoun count}, and had: John Dalrymple, Arthur Lee, Lucy Lee 
(who married on the 9th of August, 1S59, the Rev. O. A. Kinsolving, 
and dying at the early age of twenty-eight years, left two sons : the Revs. 
Arthur B. Kinsol\ ing and Lucien Lee Kin.solving, the latter now of the 
Brazilian Mission), Laura Frances (who married, on the 27th of June, 
i860, her cousin, George Lee, of Loudoun, son of Dr. George and 
Eveline Byrd (Beverley) Lee), and Hugh Hamilton Rogers. Lucinda 
Lee was the writer of the Journal of a You n;^ Lady of Fa., published 
at Baltimore, 1S71. (This journal was evidently v/ritten about 17S7.) 

vi, Rebecca ^ died unmarried. 

This obituary notice was written by Joseph Gales, then editor of the 
N'ational InttlligenLer, of Washington, D. C. : 

" On Friday, the 3!sr ult., at the residence of his brother. Col. Orr, 
Mayor of the City of Washington, after some weeks of severe suffering, Dr. 
John Dalrym[)le On, of Frederick county, aged fort\-tbur years. The char- 
acter of Dr. Orr, as a gentleman and ohijanthropist, is too well known to 
require our testimony. Having [)erfected in Scotland, the education of 
which the foundation was laid in this, his native country, he practiced 
medicine for several years in Alexandria; but relinquished it after his re- 
moval over the Blue Ridge, and devoted himself to the calls of society, the 
education of his children, and the cultivation of his farm. The disease, 
which deprived his cliildren of an affectionate i^arent, his friends of a be- 



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172 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

loved and respected associate, had preyed upon his health for several years, 
and at length triumphed over the best medical and surgical aid." 

Henry Lee, of '-I^e Hall," Westmoreland, had a daughter, Lsetitia, 
who married Col. William Ball, of Lancaster county ; their daughter, Mary 
Ball, married, on the 2d of March, 1765, her cousin, John Ball, of Fauquier 
county, whose sixth child, also named Mary Ball, married Col. Alexander 
Dalrymple Orr. 

THE AYLETTS. 

"The Aylett family of England is a very old one, claiming descent 
from a companion of the Conqueror, whose sons obtained grants of land in 
Cornwall. The etymology of the name, Aylett, is a sea-cow, Cornish 
Chough." In 1(556, it is said, a Captain John Aylett emigrated from 
Essex county, England, to Virginia, and later took up large tracts of land 
in the present county of King William. This Captain Aylett left a son, 
Philip, who settled in King William in 1686; he was succeeded by his son, 
William, who represented that county as Burgess in 1723-26. This William 

Aylett married Anne and left three sons, and many daughters, who 

are said to have married the eldest sons of the neighboring gentry. 

The Anne Aylett who married Richard Henry Lee, in 175IG '^'►'a-s born 
in 173S, and may have been one of these daughters, or more probably the 
child of one of their brothers. Thomas Ludwell Lee married a Mary Aylett, 
who was certainly the daughter of a William Avlett. Captain William 
Aylett, Jr., of Westmoreland, married, Annie Ashton, who died prior to 
i75i>-i»-^^^'^'^"& two daughters, Elizabeth and Anne.' The former married Wi^^B.-oi 
-GeoFge^Twrbefville ; the latter, it is said, tnarrie'd Augustine Washington. 

Philip Aylett, son of the above-mentioned William, of King William 
county, married (atw-i4 i-'f^^) Martha Da_i^dridge, the daughter of Hon. 
William and Unity (West) Dandridge, oy whom he had Col. William 
Aylett, the assistant commissary general of Virginia during the Revolution, 
also a son John, and two daughters, Unity and Aifne. Thus, there were 
in the Aylett family at nearly the same date three Annes ; just which of them 
married R. H. Lee, is at present difficult to decide. 

Richard Henry Lee. 
18. Richard Henry*, the fifth son of Thomas Lee' (Richard ^ 
Richard') and Hannah Ludwell, his wife, was born at Stratford, Westmore- 
land county, the 20th of January, 1 732, and died at his home, Chantilly, in 
the same county, on the 19th of June, 1794. 

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STRATKORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. I 73 

After a course of private tuition at home, Mr. Lee was sent to the 
Wakefield Academy, in Yorkshire. England ; on leaving that school, he 
made a brief tour of northern Europe, and returned to Virginia, being then 
only nineteen years old. For some years, probably until his marriage, he 
resided with his eldest brother, at Stratford, and {)assed the time, it is said, 
in diligent reading of the ancient classics and modern histories. Such a 
range of study seemed to be chosen, as if by intuition, to prepare him for 
the part he was destined afterward to take in the struggle between England 
and her American colonies. His taste for the classics was constantly dis- 
played in after life by the frequent and appropriate quotations he made 
from them to enrich his diction or to i'"ortify his argument. 

The greater part of the estate left Mr. Lee by his father was located in 
Prince William county, but he continued after his marriage to reside in 
Westmoreland. It is said his eldest brother was so devoted to him that he 
would not conserit to having him settle tar away from Stratford. So, when 
Richard Henry was about to establish a home for himself, his brother 
insisted that he should build near Stratford, and leased him, for the purpose, 
the estate called '' Chantilly." Jt appears this name was given it by Richard 
Henry, and that the estate was formerly known as " Hollis' Marsh;" it 
was situated about three miles below Stratford, and also on the Potomac 
River. Later in life, Mr. Lee paid a rental for it to General Henry Lee, 
and mentions in his own will that he only held the estate on a lease. 

When about twenty-three. Mr. Lee raised a comjiany to join General 
Braddock in his ill-fated expedition against the French and Indians ; their 
aid was declined by the hauL-hty Englishman, who had no use for provin- 
cials. So, perhaps, Braddock ]:)reserved Mr. Lee's life for a future of greater 
usefulness. .A. few years later, when about twenty-five, Mr. Lee was appointed 
a Justice fur Westmoreland, a [osition of influence and much sought after 
in those days. He .so impressed his colleagues on the bench with his special 
fitness for the duties of the {losition, that they petitioned the governor to 
antedate his commission that he might be chosen their presiding officer. It 
was about this date (1757) that he made his first appearance in the political 
arena, by being chosen a member of the Ho'.i^e of Burgesses; he continued 
a member of that body, v.hen not in Congress, until 1792, when he finally 
retired from active public life. 

"Like his brother. Thonias Ludwell, he was oppressed with a natural 
diffidence, which was heightened by a contemjilation of the dignified intel- 
lects who surrounded him, and for one or two sessions he took no part in 
their debates." His first effort in that body was a speech against the im- 
portation of slaves into the Colony; the [iroj^osition was "to lay so heavy 



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174 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

a tax upon the importation of sla\es as etTectually to put an end to that in- 
iquitous and disgraceful traffic within the Colony." This trade was contin- 
ually the object of repressive legislation by the early Virginians. Mr. Lee's 
speech on this proposition proved him to possess keen foresight, and to have 
thus early discovered this dangerous rock, upon which the future Republic 
was destined to he so nearly wrecked. His opening words were : 

"Sir. as the consequences of the determination we must make in the 
subject of this day's debate will greatly affect posterity, as well as ourselves, 
it surely merits our most serious attention. .\nd well am I persuaded. Sir, 
that if it be so considered, it will appear, both from reason and experience, 
that the importation of slaves into this Colony has been and will be attended 
with effects dangerous both to our political and moral interests. When it is 
observed that some of our neighbouring colonies, though much later than 
ourselves in point of settlement, are now far before us in improvement, to 
what, Sir, can we attribute tliis strange, this unhappy truth? The reason 
seems to be this : that with their whites they import arts and agriculture, 
whilst we with our blacks exclude both." .-\fter alluding to the dangers of 
servile wars, etc., he added: " Xor, Sir, are these the only reasons to be 
urged against the importation. In my opinion, not the cruelties practised 
in the conquest of Spanish America, not the savage barbarity of a Saracen, 
can be more big with atrocity than our cruel trade to Africa. I'here we 
encourage those poor, ignorant people to wage eternal war against each 
other; not nation against nation, but father against son, children against 
parents, and brothers against brothers, whereby parental, filial, and fraternal 
duty is terribly violated ; that by war, stealth, or surprise we CJiristians may be 
furnished with our fellow-creatures, who are no longer considered as created 
in the image of God as well as ourselves, and equally entitled to liberty and 
freedom by the great \-x\\ of nature; but they are to be deprived, forever 
deprived, of all the com.forts of life, and to be made the most wretched of 
the human kind. I have seen it observed by a great writer that Christianity, 
by introducing into Europe the truest principles of humanity, universal 
benevolence, and brotherly love, had happily abolished civil slavery. Let 
us, who profess the same religion, practise its precej)ts, and, by agreeing to 
this duty, convince the world that we know and practise our truest interests, 
and that we pay a proper regard to the dictates of justice and humanity." 

When the pro[)Osed Stamp tax was under discussion and before its full 
purport was understood, Mr. Lee applied for the position of collector under 
it. For this he was afterward censur'.*d ; he defended himself in these words, 
25th July, 1766: "Early in November, 1764, I was. for the first time, in- 
formed by a gentleman of the intention of Parliament to lay a stamp duty 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. I75 

in America, with a friendly proposition on his ])art to use his influence to 
procure for nie the office of stamp collector. I call it friendly because I be- 
lieve the gentleman, no more than myself, nor perhaps a single person in this 
country, had at that time reflected the least on the nature and tendency of 
such an act. Coubidering this onl}- in the light of a beneficial employment, 
I agreed the gentleman should write, and I wrote myself. It was but a few 
days after my letters were sent that, reflecting on the nature of the applica- 
tion I had made, the impropriety of an American being engaged in such an 
affair, struck me so strongly tb.at I determined to exert every faculty I pos- 
sessed, l>oth in private and public lite, to prevent the success of a measure 
which I now discovered to be in the highest degree pernicious to my coun- 
try. I considered that to err is certainly the portion of humanity, but that 
it was the business of an honest man to recede from error as soon as he dis- 
covered it, and that the strongest principle of duty called upon every citizen 
to prevent the ruin of his country, without being restrained by any consider- 
ation which could interrupt the priniary obligation. But it did not appear 
to me that a promulgation of my application was necessary, as I considered 
that ray action.s would be the strongest proofs of the rectitude of my inten- 
tions. That such was the conduct held by me in public, I desire not to be 
credited on my bare assertion, but with confidence I appeal to the many 
worthy gentlemen with whom I served in the General Assembly. They 
know who first moved, in the House of ]kirgesses, for the address to his 
majesty, the memorial to the J^ords. and the remonstrance to the House 
of Commons; they also know what part I took in pre})aring those 
papers." 

This letter was published in the Virginia Gazette ; as stated in it, Mr. 
Lee was the one to bring before the Assembly the Act of Parliament, claim- 
ing their right to ta.\ America, and he served on the special committee 
appointed to d.^aft an address to the King, a memorial to the House of 
Lords, and a remonstrance to the Commons. He was selected to prepare 
the first and last of these three papers. Mr. Lee hajipened to be absent 
from the sitting of the Assembly, when Patrick Henry introduced (in ALa\-, 

1 765) his famous resolution; but he concurred most heartily in its senti- 
ment; shortly afterward he organized the 'MN'estmoreland .\ssociation " 
of patriots and wrote their resolutions. In these it was declared (February, 

1766) that '•^\'e. who subscribe this paper, have associated, and do bind 
ourselves to each other, to God, and to our country, by the firmest ties that 
religion and virtue can tVame, to support and maintain, and defend each 
other in the observance and execution of these following articles." The 
articles were chiefly a direct protest against the Stamp Act, and expressed 



176 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



their determination to " exert every faculty to prevent the execution of the 
said Stam]) Act in any instance whatsoever within this Colony." 

\\''hen a draft of the " Boston port bill " reached Virginia, the .Assem- 
bly was in session ; an animated protest was made against it. which caused 
the royal governor to dissolve the Assembly. Nothing daunted by this 

action of the Gov- 

.■V - ^_^_^^j:^rj^, =-- ernor, some mem- 

,-p^-*^r :_':'''^:. V;" '^j^ 7; "^ bers met the next 

day at the "Ra- 
leigh Tavern," 
and in the '"Apol- 
lo " room, drew 
up a manly and 
vigorous address 
to their constitu- 
ents. They rec- 
ommended that 
every county 
should send dele- 
gates to a convention, wliich should be held in Williamsburg on the ist of 
August, 1774. This advice was followed. The convention met, discussed 
in detail their grievances, declared their rights, and ended by electing dele- 
gates to a general Congress of all the Colonies, which met in Philadelphia, 
on the 4th of September, 1774. 

The tbllowing memorandum, in General Washington's writing, doubt. 
less gives the result of the balloting in this Convention for these delegates. 
The original paper is in the possession of the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society: Peyton Randolpli, 104; R. H. Lee, 100; Geo. Washington, 98 : 
Pat. Henry, 89; Rich'^ Bland, 79; Ben. Harrison, 66; Edm*^ Pendleton, 62. 
The first Continental Congress met in Carpenters' Hall, on Chestnut 
Street, Philadelphia; its convening had been in many ways prepared for 
by corres[)ondence between the leading patriots in the different colonies.^ 




' -■ -:J-v;^?^§S^?^^^^: 



THE. OLD KALEIGH TAVERN 



' Note. — Thomas Gushing, writing from Boston to Arthur Lee, under date of jsd of .■\pril, 1773, said; 
"... The liOiKe of burgesses of the government of Virginia, as you will find by the enclosed paper, have 
upon thii occision passed a number of resolves, appointing .i standing committee of correspondence and 
enquiry, to correspond and communicate with their sister colonies in .America, respecting the act! and 
resolutions of the British parliament; and t.ive directed their speaker to transmit them to the speakers 
of the dilTerent assemblies throUjih the continent, and request them to appoint similar committee*. There 
ii no doubt that most of the cohjuics, if not all, will come into like resolutions ; and some imagine if the 
colonies are not soon relieved, a congress will grow out of this measure." 

It seems that Arthur I^e was instrumental in havinjj his brother and Mr. Dickinson correspond. The 
Utter wrote to Arthur Lee, under date of 2'3th of June, 1 76'y : "... I leturn you many th.ioWs for procuring 
me the honor of your brother's correspondence. I cannot tell you how much 1 esteem it." 



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hTKATKOKD LINE, iULRTH G^:NEkAT10N. I 77 

Mr. Lec had been an early advocate of this correspondence ; he wrote 
(under date of tlie 25th of July, 176S) to John Dickinson, of Pennsylvania, 
suggesting not only that select coniniittees should be appointed for this 
purpose, "but that jjrivate corres[)ondence should be conducted between 
the lovers of liberty in every province." In 1773, the Virginia Assembly 
(Massachusetts took similar action about the same date) appointed a " Com- 
mittee of Corres[)ondence," of which Mr. Lee was a member. The first 
voice raised in this Congress was that of Patrick Henry; who, in a si)ecch, 
it is said, of impassioned eloquence, unfolded to his anxious listeners the 
perils and the duties of the hour. The second speaker was Richard Henry 
Lee, who supplementing and enlarging upon Henr)''s words, impressed the 
members with his wisdom and sagacity. Such evidently was the result of 
his eloquence, for he immediately took a leading place in that body, com- 
posed as it was of the ablest and wisest of all America.' Joseph Read, a 
fellow-member, wrote of the Virginians: "There are some fine fellows 
come from Virginia, but they are very high. The Rostonians are mere 
niilk-sops to them. ^Ve understand they are the caj)ital men of the Colony, 
both in fortune and understanding." ■' Some one has said that the delegates 
from Virginia were "carefully selected, and represented in Richard Henry 
Lee and Patrick Henry, orator\- and elo([uence; in (leorge Washington, 
the soldier ; in Richard Bland, the finished writer; in Benjamin Harrison, 
the wealthy and iutluential planter ; in Edmund Pendleton, the n-an of 
law; in Peyton Randolph, solidity of character." 

Mr. Lee was an active and energetic member of many of the leading 
committees of this Congress ; from his [len emanated the memorial of 
Congress to the peoi)Ie of British America, which has been generally con- 
sidered a masterly document, lieing a member of the next Congress, he 
wrutL.- their address to the jieople of Cxreat Britain, also a masterh state 
paper. As chairman of the committee, he drew up the instructions of 
Congress to General A\'ashinL;ton u'pon his assuming command of the army. 
His most inijiortant, and distinguished service was rendered on the 7ih of 
June, 1776, when, in accordance with the instructions of the Virginia Con- 



I Of the men of this time and their work, Mr. Everett has said • 

"The various addresses, petitions, and appeals, the corrcspotideiice, the re.solutions, the legislative and 
popular addresses, from i-^f^ to the Declaration of Independence, present a maturity of political » isdi m , a 
strength of ar^jument, a L;r.ivity of style, a manly eloqiicnre, and a moral courage, of which unqiiestionalily 
the modem worl I afforus no other example. This meed of praise, substantially accorded at the time by 
Chatham, in the British i'.irliiment, may well he rcj.cated by u-. For most of the venerated men to whom 
it is paid, it is but a tribute to departed worth. The Lees, Henry, Otis, Ouincy, Warren, and S;in!uel 
Adams, the men who spoke those words of thrilling po-.vcr, which raised and ruled the storm of resistance, 
and rang like the Vuice of fate across the .Atlantic, arc beyonii the reach of our praise." ( Edward Everett, 
in an address commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary of tlie Dcdaration of Independence.) 

12 



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l-j8 LEt OK VIRGINIA. 

vention, and at the request of his collengues, he proposed the resohition 
for the independence of the colonies ; of which resolution a fac-simile is 
given on opposite page. 

This motion was seconded by John Adams, of Massachusetts ; the dis- 
cussion upon its adoption continued until the loth of June, when a commit- 
tee was appointed to prepare a declaration, in accordance with this motion. 
Mr. Lee's speech, advocating his resolution, has not been preserved; but 
tradition states that it was an effort worthy of the occasion. His biographer ^ 
has given these concluding sentences : " Why then, Sir, do we longer delay ? 
Why still deliberate? Let this happy day give birth to an American Re- 
public ! Let her arise, not to devastate and conquer, but to re-establish the 
reign of peace and of law. The eyes of Europe are fixed upon us. She 
demands of us a living example of freedoui. that may exhibit a contrast, in 
the felicity of the citizen, to the ever-increasing tyranny which desolates 
her polluted shores. She invites us to prepare an asylum, where the unhappy 
may find solace and the persecuted repose. She entreats us to cultivate 
a propitious soil, where that generous plant, which first sprung and grew 
in England, but is now withered by the poisonous l)lasts of Scottish tyranny, 
may revive and flourish, sheltering under its salubrious and interminable 
shade, all the unfortunate of the human race. If we are not this day want- 
ing in our duty to our country, the nauies of the American legislators of 
'76 will be placed by posterity at the side of Theseus, of Lycurgus, of 
Romulus, of Xuma, of the three Williams of Nassau, and of all those whose 
memory has been, and forever will be, dear to virtuous men and good citi- 
zens." 

It is the uniform rule of all deliberative bodies to api>oint the member 
who has offered a resolution the chairman of any committee se'ected to re- 
port upon that moiion. In this case, therefore, Mr. Lee would have been 
chosen chairman of the committee for the drafting of the Declaration of 
Independence, had he l>CLn present. 0\\ the evening of the loth of June, 
he received word of the serious illness of his wife ; he left Philadelphia to 
visit her on the very da\- this cominittce was appointed. Thus an accidental 
sickness in his familv j-robably dejjrived him of the signal honor of being the 
author as well as the mover of the Declaration of .American Independence. 
It is said that the p]ngli>h papers, which gave the first intelligence of the 
adoption of the Declaration- of Independence, headed their columns with 
this line: 

"Richard Henry Lee and Patrick Henry have at last accomplished 



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their object: The colonies have (lecLire<.l iheinselves independent of the 
mother cotmtry." 

Mr. Lee's grandson stated that (iovernor Johnson, of Maryland, told 
him " that shortly after the war, he heard from an English gentleman of 
great respectability who had lived in London during the Revolution, and 
who had had opportunities of hearing a good deal of the plans and inten- 
tions of the ministry, that they had intended, in the event of the reduction 
of the colonies, to have demanded the delivery of General Washington and 
Richard PL Lee, and to have them executed as principal rebels." 

Mr. Lee continued to serve in Congress for many years, being a mem- 
ber in 177S-80-84-S7, and was one of the signers of the articles of con- 
federation in 177S. During the sessions of 1784, he occupied the chair as 
President, being, it is said, the unanimous choice of all the delegates 
present. Some idea of his activity and of his almost incessant labors, may 
be gathered from the fact of his having served upon nearly one hundred 
committees during the sessions of 1776-77. But it is not the purpose of 
this sketch to give a history of Mr. I-ee's jniblic services; the active part 
he took imthe Revolutionary struggle is too well known, is too much a part 
of the common history of this country, to need further notice in this sketch. 

Every man who has taken im[iortant parts in public affeirs has made 
enemies, nor was Mr. Lcc any exception to this common fate. At the elec- 
tion of delegates from Virginia, in 1777, he was defeated; a result 
effected by his enemies in an underhand manner, by circulating reports in- 
jurious to his reputation. On h.earing of this he instantly withdrew from 
Congress, returned to Westmoreland, and was promptly elected to the 
Assembly; he hastened to take his seat, and at once demanded an investi- 
gation into these charges. His request was granted. It is said that he 
defended himself niost eloquently ; he was triumphantly acquitted, and a 
resolution was passed instructing the Speaker to publicly thank Mr. Lee. 
The venerable Gcori.c W)the was Sijcaker. He addressed Mr. Lee in these 
words :^ 

'•Sir: — It is with peculiar pleasure that I obey this command of the 
House, because it gives me an op^tortunity, whilst I am performing an act 
oi di/fy to them, to perform an act o{ justice to yourself. Serving with you 
in Congress, and attentively observing your conduct there, I thought that 
you manifested in the .\merican cause a zeal truly patriotic; and, as far as 
I could judge, exerted the abilities for which you are confessedly distin- 
guished, to promote the good and prosperity of your oion country in par- 



' fiistjry cf yiygini:X. by Burk, p 125 



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l82 LEE or VIKf.lNIA. 

ticular, and of the United States in general. That the tribute of praise 
deserved may reward those who do well, and encourage others to follow 
your example, tlie House have come to this resolution : ;, ^- ,^/ , 

" ' Resolved, That the thanks of this Iluube be given by the Speaker, to Richard ITenr>- 
Lee, Esq., for the faithful service he has rendered to his country, in discharge of his duty, as 
one of the delegates from this State in general Congress.' " 

It is said that Mr. Wythe shed tears while addressing Mr. Lee. 

Mr. Lee responded : 

"Mr. Speaker: — I thank the House for this instance of candor and 
justice, which I accept the more willingly, as my conscience informs me it 
was not undeserved. \ consider the approbation of ray country, Sir, the 
highest reward for faithful services, and it shall be my constant care to 
merit that approbation by a diligent attention to public duty. My thanks 
are jiarticularly due to you, Sir, for the obliging manner in which you have 
been pleased to signify the vote of the House, and I pray you. Sir, to 
receive my grateful acknowledgments accordingly." 

Col. John Bannibter, in writing to Theodoric Eland, ^ has described 
this scene: "You have no doubt heard of Mr. R. H. Lee's having been 
superseded in his appointment to Congress. This measure was adopted in 
an early part of the session, in his absence, which (though I am not very 
fond of that gentleman) I considered a most flagrant act of injustice, and 
as a precedent dangerous in its nature, and might (if not guarded against 
in time) be carried to lengths the most unwarrantable, and in the end be 
destructive of every principle of rectitude and impartiality in the trial of 
offences. The accusation was that Mr. Lee had, in the year 1776, directed 
a change of rents from money to tobacco, on a supposition that the large 
emission of pajier money (the inevitable consequence of an expensive war) 
would dei^reciate the one and raise the other. 'J'o this charge was added 
another, of a more criminal nature, iiiiporting that Mr. Lee had engaged 
his tenants to pay (in case they failed to make good their rent in tobacco) 
during the continuance of their leases, in gold and silver money, at its then 
value, or as much pajier as would [purchase gold and silver to the amount of 
their yearly rent. . . . This being the state of what was imputed to him as 
criminal, I leave to you to form your own opinion of his conduct, and to 
determine whether the Assembly were right in his amotion from office. 
But if they were right in that, what will you say to their consistency and 
uniformity of opinion, when I tell you that the very body of men who but 
a few days before had disgraced, have returned him the thanks of their 



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STRATKokD LINE. I OlkTH GENKRAl K^N. 1,^3 

h )U5e? Certainly no dftcnse was ever made with more graceful eloquer.ce. 
more manly firmness, equalness of temper, serenity, calmness and judgment* 
than this very accom[iIished speaker dis[)layed on this occasion, and I am 
now of the opinion that he will he re-elected to his former station, instead 
of Mr. George Ma^on, who has resigned. — Williamsburg, lo June, 1777." 

Mr. Lee o[)[)osed the adoption of the Constitution of 17S7; in this 
opposition, he was in agreement with George Mason, Patrick Henry, Ben- 
jamin Harrison, Thomas Jefferson, and others, in Virginia, and many of 
the ablest patriots of the time m other States. But, after the ratification 
of the Constitution, he consented lo serve as one of the Senators from Vir- 
ginia, mainly for the purpose of urging some amendments which he believed 
to be needed ; many of these he was instrumental in securing. After many 
years of active service in Congress, and all the while a member of the Vir- 
ginia Assembly, he finally, in 1792, retired from public lite. Both branches 
of the Virginia Assembly gave him a vote of thanks for his patriotic 
services. 

Richard Henry Lee, with his brothers, was a devoted personal, as v/ell 
as political, friend o[ Washington ; and, if one may judge by the tenor of 
the correspondence which pa.ssed between Washington and the Lees, this 
affection and friendship were cordially returned by Washington.^ Something 
of the friendly intimacy that existed between Washington and Richard 
Henry Lee may be shown in a brief extract from the diary of an English- 
man, who visited Washington at Mt. Vernon in 17S5. This gentleman, a 
Mr. John Himter, wrote : 

"Wednesday i6th of Xov., 17S5. — After breakfast I waited on 
Colonel Fit/gerald. .V fire that had broke out in the town hindered us 
from getting off so soon as we intended. However, after some trouble it 



1 An exception to tliis stilement, as far as it coriijcrns the friendly fcelirg that generally subsisted be- 
tween General Washin<;ton and Mr. L^e may be made, for at one period of tteir lives there seems to have been 
feme coolness between tlieiii. T.'ui ^as durin.; iti'j lime the adoption and raiifiiation of the new Constitu- 
tion was under discussion. \Vashin;;tcn at first refused to attend the convention, which met at Philadel- 
phia for the framing of the Constimtiun ; but later was persuaded to attend, became its presiding officer, and 
eventually the leading ch.-imp;on for its ratification by the several colonics. On the other hand, Mr. Lee 
was most decidedly and eniphatical'.y opposed :o its ratification. And Washington does not apnear to have 
been in a mood to brcok opp^rsition. Wriiin^- to James Madison on this subject, he mention* (ieorge Mason 
and K. H. Lee, two earnest opponents of tiie new Constitution, and adds ; 

'■ The political tenets of ( ol. .\1. and Colonel K. H. L. are always in unison. It may be asked, which 
of them gives the to!ie? Without hesitation I answer the latter, because 1 believe the latter will receive it 
from none. He has. I am informed, rendered himself obnoxious in Philadelphia by the pains he took to 
disseminate his objections amon^ some of the leaders of the seceding members of the Legislature of that 
State. His conduct is not less reprobated in this country. How it will be relished generally is yet to be 
learned by me." After the Constitution was ratified, and Washingtcn became President, the f'iendly feel- 
ing, us'.'.ally subsisting between these two patriots, seems to have been fully restored (Bancroft, ///.s/;'ry a/ 
the Cor.siitution, 11, 443.) 



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184 I-F-E OF VIRGINIA. :■- '.■ 

was extinLjui.shed and at half past eleven we left Alexandria with Mr. Lee, 
the President of Congress, his son and servants. . . . When Colonel Fitz- 
gerald introduced me to the (General I was struck with his noble and vener- 
able appearance. It immediately brought to my mind the great j^art he had 
acted in the laie war. The (rcneral is about six feet high, perfectly straight 
and well made; rather inclined to be lusty. His eyes are full and blue and 
seem to express an air of gravity. His nose inclines to the aquiline ; his 
mouth small; his teeth are yet good and his cheeks indicate perfect health. 
His forehead is a noble one and he wears his hair turned back, without 
curls and quite in ofncer's style, and tyed in a long queue behind. Alto- 
gether he makes a most noble, respectable ai)pearance, and I really think 
him the first man in the world. . . . After tea General Washington retired 
to his study and left us with the President, his lady and the rest of the Com- 
pany. If he had not been anxious to hear the news of Congress from Mr, 
Lee, most probably he v^ould not have returned to supper biat have gone to 
bed at his usual hour, nine o'clock, for he .seldom makes any ceremony. 
We had a very elegant sui^per about that time. The General with a few 
glasses of cliamijagne got quite merry, and being with his intimate friends, 
laughed and talked a good deal. Before strangers he is generally very 
reserved, and seldom says a word. I was fortunate in being in his company 
with his particular acquaintances. . . . We had a great deal of conversation 
about the slippery ground (as the General said) that Franklin was on, and 
also about Congress, the I'utomac, inaproving their roads, etc. At 12 I 
had the honor of being liglited up to my bedioom by the General himself." 
{Penna. Md^., etc., XVII, 76 et seq.) 

Previous to this visit, under date of 12th of June, lySr, Mr. Lee had 
written to Wasliington : '• Although our correspondence has been long in- 
terrupted, I hope our frien(ishi[) will never be, notwithstanding the arts of 
wicked men, who have endeavored to create discord and dissension among 
the friends of America. For myself, having little but my good wishes to 
send you, it was not worth while to take uj) your attention a moment with 
them. The contents of this letter will, 1 am sure, recjuire no apology, be- 
cause you always approve that zeal which is employed in the public 
good." . . . 

Under date of 15th of July, Washington replied: '* Dear ^ir. The 
moving state \\^'' the army was at the time your letter of the 12th ulto. 
came to hand, the junction of the allied troops at that period, and a variety 
of matters which have occurred since that period consequent of this junc- 
tion, rather than a disinclination to continue a correspondence, the benefits 
of which were in my favor, must plead as an excuse for my silence till now. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH (;EN ERA'lION. 1 85 

Unconscious of having given \ou just cause to change the favorable senti- 
ments you have expressed for nie, I could not suppose you had altered 
them ; and as I never suffer reports, unsupftorted by [)roofs, to have weight 
in my mind, I know no reason why our correspondence should cease, or 
'oeconie less frequent than heretofore, excepting on my part, that, as our 
affairs became more i)er[)lcxing and embarrassed, the public claimed more 
of my attention and consetpaently left me less leizure for private indul- 
gences." . . . (Ford's Writings of George Washington, IX, 304-5.) 

One of the last letters upon public affairs written by Mr. Lee was to 
Washington ; in it he most cordially and heartily indorsed the administra- 
tion of the President. Mr. Lee's correspondence was immense ; not only 
with his fellow-patriots in all parts of America, but also with many of the 
brightest minds of Europe. And the idea conveyed to the reader of the 
letters addressed to him is that the writers entertained great esteem for the 
man as well as unbounded admiration for the patriot. 

The Virginians seemed especially anxious t"hat Mr. Lee should attend 
their convention, when it met to frame a constitution. Jefferson wrote 
(Sth July, 1776) : " I shall return to Virginia after the nth of August. I 
wish my successor may be certain to come before that time: in that case, I 
shall hope to see you, and not Wythe, in convention, that the business of 
government, which is of everlasting concern, may receive your aid." 

John Page, of " Rosewell," wrote: "... I would to God you could 
be here at the next Convention. ... If you could I make no doubt you 
might easily prevail on the Convention to declare for Independency and 
establish a form of government." 

George Mason, of " Gunston," wrote: "... I need not tell you 
how much you will be wanted here on this occasion. I speak with the 
sincerity of a friend wh.en I assure you, that in my opinion, your presence 
cannot, must not be dis[jensed with. We cannot do without you." 

Mr. Lee had been most urgent in the demand that no treaty should be 
made with England that did not allow to .\merica the free navigation of 
the Mississip{)i and the right of fishing, etc., on the banks of Newfound- 
land, etc. For this the Xew England .States were very grateful to him, as 
shown in this letter : 

"Portsmouth, X. H., 17th April, 17S3. My dear Sir: — I cannot 
omit an opportunity that offers by a vessel bound to Virginia, to con- 
gratulate you on the happty event which, for many years, has been the 
great object of your labours and anxious cares. The very unequivocal 
part you, my dear friend, have taken, in this great revolution, must 
furnish your hours of retirement with the most pleasing reflections. Though 



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l86 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

the terms may not be, in all respects, exactly confurniahle to our wishes, 
they are, perhaps, eciual to what we had a right to expect, all things 
considered. 

" My happiness is greatly increased by this joyous event, as it opens a 
prospect of seeing you here. I already anticipate the pleasure of recapitu- 
lating with you those private as well as public consultations, in which you 
took so eminent a part, and which have produced such happy effects. This 
country, my dear sir, is very particularly obliged for your exertions to se- 
cure the most valuable branch of her trade, the fisheries. As a small token 
of my sense of the obligation, I must beg your acceptance of a quintal of 
fish, which, I think, is of the best quality. With very particular attach- 
ment, and the greatest respect, I am, my dear sir, your most affectionate 
friend and humble servant. 

(Signed) Wm. Whipple." 

Both Samuel and John Adams expressed themselves frequently in a 
similar manner; indeed, such was the common tenor of the letters received 
by this patriot. No man of the period appears to have been held in greater 
esteem by those whose good opinion was at once a tribute to merit and an 
honor to be coveted. John Adams noted in his "diary" his impressions 
of the various men he met at different times, and had this to say of his first 
meetings with Mr. Lee — and time seems rather to have increased than dimin- 
ished his good opinion of the Lees. 

Saturday, 3d of September, 1774. " r)reak fasted at Dr. Shippen's; 
Dr. Witherspoon was there. Col. R. H. Lee lodges there; he is a masterly 
man. This Mr. Lee is a brother of the sheriff of London, and of Dr. 
Arthur Lee, and of Mrs. Shippen; they are all sensible and deep thinkers. 
Lee is for making the repeal of every revenue law — the Boston Port Bill, 
the bill for altering the Ma.ssachusetts Constitution, and the Quebec Bill 
and the removal of all troops — the end of the Congress, and an abstinence 
from all dutied articles, the means ; rum, molasses, sugar, tea, wine, fruits, 
etc. He is absolutely certain that the same ship which carries home the 
resolution will bring back the redress. If we were to suppose that any time 
would intervene, he should be for e\ce[)lions. He thinks we should inform 
his Majesty that we never can l)e happy while the Lords Bute, Mansfield, 
and North are his confidents and counsellors. He took his pen and attempted 
a calculation of the numbers of people represented by the Congress, which 
he made about two millions two hundred thousand ; and of revenue, now 
actually raised, which he nmde eighty thousand pounds sterling. He would 
not allow Lord North to have great abilities ; he had seen no symptoms of 



iV> '1 



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STRATKJRD LINE, FOT'RTH GENERATION. 187 

tlieni ; his whole administration had been a hhinder. He said the opposi- 
tion had been feeble and incomptent before, that it was time to make vigor- 
ous exertions." 

" Mrs. Shippen is a religious and a reasoning lady. She said she had 
often thought that the people of Ijoston coukl not have behaved, through 
their trials, with so much jjrudence and firmness at the same time, if they 
had not been influenced by a superior jiower. Mr. Lee thinks that to strike 
at the Navigation Acts would unite every man in Britain against us, because 
the kingdom could not exist without them, and the advantages they derive 
from these regulations and restrictions of our trade are an ample compensa- 
tion for all the protection they have afforded us. . . . Spent the evening at 
Mr. Mifflin's, with Lee and Harrison from Virginia, the two Rutledges, Dr. 
Withcrspoon, Dr. Shippen, Dr. Steptoc, and another gentleman; an elegant 
supper, and we drank sentiments till eleven o'clock. Lee and Harrison were 
very high. Lee had dined with Mr. Dickinson and drank Burgundy the 
whole at'ternoon. . . . Galloway, Duane, and Johnson are sensible and 
learned, but cold speakers. Lee, Henry, and Hooper are the orators; 
Paca is a deliberator, too ; Chase speaks warmly ; Miflflin is a sprightly and 
spirited speaker." ^ 

Henry Lee, the eldest son of General Henry I-ee, is responsible for this 
story concerning Mr. Lee. " During tht- War of the Revolution, and, I 
believe, while Mr. Jefferson was Governor of Virginia, a British squadron 
which had been scouring the waters and wasting the shores of the Chesa- 
peake, taking advantage of a favorable breeze, suddenly came-to off the 
coast of \'irginia, where the majestic cliffs of Westmoreland overlook the 
storniy and sea like I'otomac. Mr. Lee was at that time on one of those 
visits to his family, with which, from the permanent sitting of Congress, the 
menilicrs were of necessity occasionally acconmiodated. He hastily col- 
lected from the nearest circle of his neighbors a small and ill-armed band, 
rejKiired at their head to the point on which the enemy had commenced a 
descent, and without regard to his inferiority of means and nimibers in- 
stantly attacked them. He drove the [)arty on shore back into their barges, 
and held them aloof luitil ships were brought to cover the landing with 
round shot and shells, which he had no means of returning. Then as he 
was the first in advance so he was the last to retire ; as the men who were 
with him have, since his death, often said. Several of the hostile party 
were killed or wounded, among them an officer, whom they carried off. 
One man they buried on the shore. In a grove of aged beech trees, not 



^Li/e and M'orks a/Jokn Adams, Vol. II, p 31S2, it jt"/. 



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l88 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

far from Mr. Lee's residence, re>L the remains of this unknown and un- 
forgotten foe." 

At the present time there is shown at Stratford one of these round 
shot, which tradition says was fired at the house by an English warship; 
how much of truth there is in this tradition cannot be ascertained. The 
iron missile now performs the useful and harmless service of a hitching- 
block for horses. 

Bishop Meade has left his estimate of Mr. Lee's character and public 
services in these words : ' 

" Li looking over the two volumes containing the life and correspond- 
ence of Richard Henry Lee, of Chantilly, in Westmoreland, the reader 
cannot fail to ask himself the question, ' Was there a man in the Union 
who did more in his own county and State and country, by action at home 
and correspondence abroad, to prepare the people of the LTnited States for 
opposition to English usurpation, and the assertion of .\inerican independ- 
ence? Was there a man in America who toiled and endured more than he, 
both in body and in mind, in the American cause? Was there a man in 
the Legislature of Virginia, and in the Congress of the Union, who had 
the jien of a ready writer so continually in his hand, and to which so many 
public papers may be justly ascribed, and by whom so much hard work in 
commiLtee-rooms was performed ?' To him most justly was assigned the 
honourable but perilous duty of first moving in our American Congress, 
* That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent States.' Xor is it at all wonderful that one who was conversant 
with the jjlans and intentions of the English ministry should have declared 
that, in the event of the reduction of the Colonies, the delivery of General 
Washington and Richard Henry Lee would be demanded, in order to their 
execution as rebels. Although the great })rinciiilcs of morality and religion 
rest on infinitely higher ground than the opinion of the greatest and best 
of men, yet it is most gratifying to find them sustained in the writings and 
actions of such men as Richard Henry Lee. Mr. Lee advocated private 
education as being better calculated for impressing the minds of the young 
' with a love of religion and virtue.' His biographer says that he had early 
studied the evidences of the Christian religion, and had through life avowed 
his belief in its divine origin. He was a member of the Episcopal Church 
in full communion, and took a deep interest in its welfare. He proved the 
sincerity of what has been quoted from hini, in favour of private education, 
by having a minister, or candidate for the ministry, in his family as private 



*0!J Chtfrckes, /'.tinii'ies, etc., II, 140, ei sf-;. 



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tutor. Mr. 15almaine was sent over to him by his brother, Artliur, from 
London, as l)oth a staunch friend of America and a pious man. I have 
often heard Mr. Balmaine speak in the highest terms of Mr. Lee as a 
Christian and a patriotic statesman. His attachment to the Church of his 
fathers was evinced by the interest he took in seeking to obtain consecra- 
tion for our Bisho]3s, immediately after the war, and when lie was President 
of Congress. Twice were thanks returned to him by our General Conven- 
tion for his services. Mr. Lee was a decided advocate of the ai)pointment 
of public acts of supplication and thanksgiving to Almighty God in times 
of adversity and prosperity. When all was dark and lowering in our politi- 
cal horizon, and when it was proposed that, as one means of propitiating 
the favour of God, it should be recommended to the different States to take 
the most effectual means for the encouraging of religion and good morals, 
and for suppressing 'theatrical entertainments, horse-racing, gaming, and 
such other diversions as are productive of idleness, dissipation, and a general 
depravity of manners,' while some voted against the measure, Mr. Lee was 
found in company with the most i)ious men oi the land in favour of it, and 
it was carried by a large majority. Again, wlien by the capture of Bur- 
goyne's army the hearts of Americans were cheered, we find Mr. Lee one 
of a committee drafting a preamble and resolution, which is believed to be 
from his own pen, in the following pious strain : 

" ' Forasmucli as it is the indispensable duty of all men to adore the superintending 
providence of Almighty God, to acknowledge with gratitude their obligation to Him for the 
benetits received, and to implore such further blessings as they stand in need of; and it 
having pleased Him in His abundant mercy, not only to continue to us the innumerable 
bounties of His common providence, but also to smile upon us in the jnosecution of a just 
and necessary war for the independence and establislunent of our unalienable rights and 
liberties; particularly in that He hath been pleased in so great a measure to prosper the 
means used for the sup[v>rt of our arms, and crown them with the most signal success; it is 
therefore recommended to the Legislature and the executive powers of these States, to set 
apart Tluirsday, the eii^hteenth of December next, for solemn thanksgiving and praise; that 
with one heart and one voice the people may express tlie feelings of their hearts, and con- 
secrate themselves to the service of their Divine llenefactor; and, together with their sincere 
thanks, acknowledgments and oiTerings, they may join the penitent confession of their mani- 
fold sins, whereby they have forfeited every favour, and their earnest and humble supplica- 
tion that it may [>Iease Go<l, through the merits of Jesus Christ, mercifully to forgive and 
blot them out of remembrance ; that it may please God, etc' 

" Mr. Lee. though entirely opposed to any Church establishment, was, 
together with Henry, an advocate far the proposition to make every man 
contribute to the support of the Christian religion, as the only sure basis 
of private and public morality. In this, however, they failed. When the 



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I.. ;■• , ;: 10 
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190 LKE OK VIRC.INIA. 

question about pa\ir,g debts in de[)reciated currency came on, Mr. Lee 
evinced his high and honorable sense of morality in the earnest and elo- 
quent opposition made to it. He declared that nothing so deeply distressed 
him as a proposition which he regarded as a violation of honesty and good 
faith among men, and said that it ' would have been better to have remained 
the honest slaves of Britain, than dishonest freemen.' " 

Of Richard Henry Lee's personal appearance and of his style of 
oratory one or two descriptions by contemporaries may be given. William 
Wirt wrote : " His face was on the Roman model ; his nose Cesarean ; the 
port and carriage of his head, leaning persuasively and gracefully forward ; 
and the whole contour, noble and fme. He had studied the classics in the 
true spirit of criticism. His taste had that delicate touch which seized with 
intuitive certainty every beauty of an author, and his genius that native 
affinity which combined ihem without an effort. Into every walk of litera- 
ture and science he had carried this mind of e.xquisite selection, and brought 
it back to the business of life, crowned with ever)- light of learning and 
decked with every wreath that all the muses and all the graces could 
entwine. Xor did these light decorations constitute the whole value of 
its freight. He possessed a rich store of historical and political knowledge, 
with an activity of observation and a certainty of judgment which turned 
that knowledge to the very best account. He was not a lawyer by profes- 
sion, but he understood thoroughly the Constitution, both of the mother 
country and of her colonies ; and the elements also of the civil and munici- 
pal law. Thus, while his elotiuence was free from those stiff and technical 
restraints which the habits of forensic speaking are apt to generate, he had 
all the legal learning which is necessary to a statesman. He reasoned well, 
and declaimed freely and splendidly. The note of his voice was deep and 
melodious. It was the canorous voice of Cicero. He had lost the use of 
one of his hands, which he kept constantly covered with a black silk band- 
age, neatly fitted to the palm of his hand, but leaving his thumb free ; yet, 
notwiihstanding this disadvantage, his gesture was so graceful and highly 
finished that it is said he had acquired it by practising before a mirror. 
Such was his [)rom[)titude that he rerpiired no jireparation for debate. Pie 
was ready for any subject as soon as it was announced ; and his speech was 
so copious, so rich, so mellitluous, set off with such bewitching cadence of 
voice and such captivating grace of action that, while you listened to him, 
you desired to hear nothing superior, and indeed thought him perfect. He 
had a ciuick sensibility and a fervid imagination." 

Dr. Rush said of him : -" I never knesv so great an orator whose speeches 
were so short. Indeed, I might almost say that he cfjuld not speak long. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. IQl 

He had conceived his subject so clearly, and presented it so immediately to 
his hearers, that there ap[)eared nothing more to be said al)Out it. He did 
not use figures to ornament discourse, but made them the vehicles of 
argument." 

John .Adams wrote, 24th February, 1 821, to a grandson of R. H. Lee : 
"With your grandfather, Richard Henry Lee, I served in Congress from 
1774 to 1778, and afterward in the Senate of the Laiited States in 1789. 
He was a gentleman of fine talents, of amiable manners and great worth. 
As a public speaker, he had a fluency as easy and graceful as it was melo- 
dious, which his classical education enabled hirn to decorate with frequent 
allusion to the finest passages of antiquity. With all his brothers, he was 
ahva}s devoted to the cause of his country." 

It has been the purpose of this sketch to give a brief outline of the 
public services of Richard Henry Lee, together with a few comments, 
chiefly from the pens of his contemporaries who had ample opportunity of 
judging fairly of him. Perhaps another, and a better method of judging 
him may be found in his correspondence. The few letters given here are 
mostly to relatives, or dear friends, and many of them have never been 
printed. 

Alluding to his ill-treatment by the Assembly, he wrote a friend : 
"Dear Sir: — I have but a moment to return you my thanks for your 
friendl}' and obliging letter. It was impossible for me to avoid feeling the 
unmerited ill-treatment that 1 had received, but I have now the pleasure to 
inform you thai the two houses have removed all bad impressions by their 
favourable approbation of my conduct ; and they have directed me to return 
to Congress as one of their Delegates. This latter is a most oppressive 
business, and therefore, unsought by me, but having put my hand to the 
plough, I am bound to go through. Not much important business has yet 
been d^me, but they propose to crowd a good deal into this week, at the 
end of which they talk of rising." (No suj^erscription. Dated, Williams- 
burg, 2Slh of June, 1777.) 

Under date of i4lh January, 1764, he wrote from same place, to an 
unknown friend: — " By the Governor's s[)eec!i, which you have inclosed, 
you may perceive that considerable business was markt out for us. But 
our glorious resolution of yesterday, to be defended by .Militia, and to have 
no further concern with Regulars, will put a short period to the session, 
which now we expect will rise by Wednesday next. Two addresses that are 
ordered by the House have not yet been presented." 

Writing from •' Chaiuilly," 22d June, 1766, also to an unknown cor- 
respondent, he said ; 



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192 



LEE OF VIROINIA. 



" Dear Sir: — Is it true that one of the best friends, as well as one of 
the most able of the community, intends to quit tlie service of the country 
at this most important crisis? when every mental, every corporeal faculty 
that America possesses should be strained in op[)Osition to preserve the 
most palpable privileges of human nature, the legal rights of America, and 
the constitutional freedom of IJritish sul)jects? 

"I yet hope, my friend, that you have only thought, not determined 
on declining to take a poll at the coming election. When the cause of 
our dissolution is known, will Ministerial cunning fail to suggest, that the 
people of Virginia disavow their Burgesses' claim to freedom, if a consider- 
able change is made by them, in their choice of new representatives? 

"Let us remove from despotism every show of argument, and let us 
endeavor to convince the world that we are as firm and unanimous in the 
cause of liberty, as so noble and exalted a principle demands. The inclosed 
pamphlet is said to be written by the first minister of Britain. If no better 
reasons can be assigned to support the measure he contends for, a strong 
proof is to be drawn from thence of its intrinsic vileness. It shows, indeed, 
that systems calculated to destroy human liberty, can only be maintained 
by vain sophistrv, and an idle affectation of wit. without one single ray of 
wisdom ; and that such doctrines are as far reniote from true policy- as they 
are closely connected with the futile genius of a dealer in expedients, who 
never is able, and seldom willing to draw the necessary sui)i)lies of Govern- 
ment from such sources only as are consistent with the end of all govern- 
ment, the safety, the ease, and the hai^piness of the people. 

" I would recommend the pamphlet to your attention, not for its merit, 
but that it may receive proper answer, and such an one it easily admits of, 
as would make its author blush, if it is possible for a minister to blush. But 
though an answer might fail to do this, it will certainly have weight with 
the cool and sensible part of mankind, and thereby perhaps prevent the 
extension of arbitrary, unconstitutional power." 

Baltimore, ist Jan., 1777, to Dr. Wm. Shippen. Jr., at Bethlehem, Pa. : 

" My dear Sir, A happy new year is my wish tor you and your iamily ; 
that it will be a year of freedom, our brave trooyis appear determined 
on, and whilst they are so, the instruments of tyranny and the perpetrators 
of devilish deeds will not, cannot face them. The removal from Philadel- 
phia was not a measure of mine, but had my hearty disapprobation so long 
as disapproving availed anything; but when go they would, I endeavoured 
to put the best face on it. The Congress have lately invested General 
W;ishington with complete powers to displace. {)lace, and direct evcrythiug 
relative to the Military Flosiutals. To him therefore, let me advise you to 



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make your ajiplication by laying your plan before him and prove, as you 
have done to me, the propriety of adopting it. No doubt can remain but 
that it will meet with his approbation and support. As for Morgan, the 
very air teems with comjilaints against him. If all charged against him be 
true, I would not have my conscience so burthened for Mountains of Gold. 
Reasons for expecting the strongest friendship from France and Spain 
multiply upon us every day. If they can be prevailed with to make war, 
farewell the glory of England, and it may then be said, as formerly it was 
of Rome, ' Scevior annis litxuria incubuit victumque ulcissiiur orbem.^ 

" Had it not been for the vile appendages of Luxury, we should not 
have been abused nor Britain overwhelmed by France. It will give us 
great pleasure to hear from you but greater still to see you." 

To the same, dated, i8 .\pril, 1779, from Shippen Hall in Fourth 
Street: " My dear Sir: Possession is eleven points of the Law, and there 
are in this city profligates enough, who would, for a good fee, secure 
the twelfth part. Thus you seem to be more at mercy now than when 

Mrs. the Tory's Doctor's wife had residence here. How I came 

to get possession is another thing, and it may be accounted for in this way. 
On my Brother's dep'arture for Virginia last Friday, I was obliged to de- 
camp from Market Street, and it not being easy to find a lodging quickly, 
my most worthy friend, the old Doctor [Dr. \\'m. Shippen, Sr.] propo.sed 
that I should have a room here. I'he bargain was soon made; I am in 
your chami)er, and we propose to club for our marketing. The old gentle- 
man drinks nuthing but water, and small beer contents me. The Barrack 
Master furnishes us with wood, and I assure you we live with great hapjn- 
ness and content, whilst we exhibit an example of the truest republican 
economy. At'ter quilting the irksome business of Chestnut street, I have 
the pleasure of contemplating in my old friend, what Man should be. but 
wliat^ alas, he seldom is, temi)erate, wise and honest. I am much obliged 
to you for your favour of the 15th, but I do not despair. I am well satis- 
fied, however, that we must suffer very considerably before the States in 
general will feel the necessity of sending wiser and better men to this As- 
sembly. Where a man by being honest is sure to be oppressed ; where 
disgrace and ruin are to reward the most faithful services; when the dis- 
charge of duty raises u[) the angry and malignant passions of envy, malice 
and all uncharitableness, it is best to retire until necessity has pointed out 
proper men and proiier measures. The ])arty seem long since to have 
abandoned all thoughts of supporting Dcane, but they are determined to sac- 
rifice the Messrs. Lee and Mr. Izard to the manes of their dear unprinci[)led 
friend. 

13 



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194 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ^^ 

" The doctrine is that it is too expensive and not necessary to have any 
minister at Vienna, or Berlin or Tuscany, and that it will never do to try a 
man in his ahsence ; therefore we will damn his reputation with a recall, 
and let him recover it if he can ; in the meantime our Junta will be supplied 
with places. It is in vain to say that thus to destroy the reputations of men, 
against whom no shadow of offence appears, and who on the contrary, 
have honestly and ably served the public at every risk to themselves, merely 
to gratify. the wishes and accomplish the views of avaricious and ambitious 
men, will exhibit such an example as must deter every man, who has 
character to lose, and means to be honest, from entering into the public 
service. So the public business must of necessity be committed to unprin- 
cipled men and avaricious plunderers. By the aid of a certain little great 
whispering politician this point of sacrifice will, I think, be carried. Fine 
reward, excellent encouragement to give up z\\ pro patria. 

"On a late motion to give a million to the Hosjntal department, much 
violent debate took place, and it was insisted on that infinite abuses pre- 
vailed and demanded immediate en<iuiry. It was alleged that great quanti- 
ties of stores were charged for geese, ducks, chickens, ^-c, &c. That the 
wine was all drunk by the web and not by the sick. All this ended in 
reducing the sum to 5500,000. The Southern Chief, who you know is a 
most excellent character, said that he hoped soon for an inquiry into the 
conduct of the Director General and all the rest. Therefore a prospect of 
encountering so great a personage makes it necessary to say, ' Cave quod 
agis.' The Dutch having lately taken off the prohibition from the exporta- 
tion of military stores, which they had imposed to oblige Great Britain, 
proves clearly that the interest of England is waning in Holland. There 
have arrived 7 vessels here lately from the West Indies, which has terri- 
fied the Specs and lowered the i)rice of sugar £,20 in the hundred. It is said 
that many more vessels are expected. Trade seems to thicken along the 
wharfs and Marine business is recovering its tbrmer countenance. I shall 
go to Virginia in a fortnight, where I hope to rest from public toil for some- 
time at least. I think you are with Mr. Blair and his Lady, if so, I pray 
you to remember me to them and present my love to my sweet sister and 
cousins. I am yours sincerely and affectionately. 

" Dr. William Shippen, Jr., Esquire, Director General of the Hospitals 
of the United States at Raritan in New Jersey." 

The following letters written by Richard Henry Lee to his nephew, 
Thomas Lee Shippen. son of the L)r. William Shippen. Jr., are very inter- 
esting. They are in a lighter vein, and contain more of family concerns : 

"Trenton, 19 Nov.. 17CS4. My dear Cousin. This morning's post 



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STKATKORD LINE, FOLRTH GENERATION. I95 

put into my possession your favour of the 17th inst., and I thank you for it 
with great sincerity. I am very happy to hear that Mr. Read is in your 
delegation, and I should have been much more so if your worthy father had 
been there likewise. It greatly soothes the rugged paths of politics to 
travel them with men of ability, integrity and candour. We are as remote 
from having a Congress as we were 19 days ago; with the Southern dele- 
gates at Philadelphia and those of your State inclusive, we have but six and 
an half States represented. But one delegate from the eastward, whence 
formerly proceeded the most industrious attention to public business. I do 
not like this strange lassitude in those who are appointed to transact public 
affairs. 

" I am here placed in the house of a Mr. Howe, where I have a good 
warm chamber and other conveniences to my satisfaction. The streets of 
the village in this rainy season are most disagreeably wet and muddy. How 
long we shall remain here it is not in my power to say. Mr. Wolcot, one 
of the Commissioners for the Indian treaties, has come here with a treaty 
concluded very satisfactorily with the Six Nations. He says that the other 
Commissioners are gone to Pittsburgh to treat with the AVestern Indians, 
and he apprehends that they will accomplish their business in that quarter 
with facility. 

'' I am a good deal distressed about ray horses ; if they go to vendue, 
they will sell for nothing. . . . At Alexandria they are to he delivered to 
Mr. Fendall, with the enclosed letter, who lives about an half mile from the 
town and is well known there. If Mr. Lee will undertake the affair for me 
I shall certainly succeed and my horses will not be injured in going back, 
which latter may happen by over-driving, not properly resting and properly 
feeding. Will you be so kind as to try your talents at negotiation with Mr. 
Lee? Julius Caesar showed his auibition as much when he preferred being 
the first man in a small village to the second in Rome, as when he grasped 
the imperial purple. So evidence may be given in small negotiations of 
superior fitness for great affairs. I will enclose you a letter for Mr. Fendall 
to go with the horses, upon a presumption that your address will be surely 
successful. Present my best love to your Father, Mother, and Sister, and 
when you see the old Gentleman, do not forget me wdth him. I am, my 
dear Cousin, Your affectionate Uncle and Sincere friend." 

"New York, 17 January, 17S5. How has it happened that my dear 
Cousin hath not yet informed me how he and his companion, the good 
Doctor, escaped the perils of that dreadful frost that enveloped all nature, 
when they left Trenton? I suppose that contenii)lating the Belles of Phila- 
delphia kept the heart in such vigorous action as to counteract all the severity 



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196 LEE OK Vlkl.INIA. _ , ^ , . 

of winter ! I have t^vice seen my sweet cousin, PegL^^y Livingston, since my 
arrival here. She is very pretly and very chatty and loves h.er Uncle mightily. 
She promises to come and see me often when I get into the Presidential 
House, which will be this week ; having liired Mrs. Franklin's house in the 
street where little Peggy lives. It is a very elegant house and provided with 
every convenience. 

" I think that little Peggy is very much like her picture in your Father's 
house. Mr. De liarthold has by this time, I suppose, rigged me out in such 
a manner as to convert the old President into a young Beau ! Very well, 
if for the good of the country I must be a Beau, why I will be a Beau. 
Colonel Monroe is returned and is now in the City, and so is Colonel 
Straight ; so that I shall probably not get my clothes soon, unless the kind 
Doctor is so good as to bring them. My best love attends your Father, 
Mother, and Sister. God bless you." 

"New York, 3rd March, 17S5. My dear Cousin. I had made such 
effectual enquiry after my dear Cousin's stock buckle that I have found it, 
and safely delivered it to my Brother, A. Lee. The world has assigned to 
you politeness equal to the good sense that distinguishes you. By what 
strange fatality then has it hapi^ened that the charms of a lady have been 
neglected by you? I learn fiom Chantilly that a young lady of that place 
had a pair of set shoe buckles committed to your care by her Brother, 
Thos. Lee, some years ago to get repaired. And that to this day the work- 
man has not made the necessary reparation. I thought that the tradesmen 
in Philadelphia were more punctual ; but this fellow has taken the advan- 
tage of your engagement in law study to neglect this business, which he 
would not have dared to do, if your piercing eye had been upon him. 
Will you be pleased to recollect this matter and inform me in what train it 
is? I suppose that our good friend, Mr. Prager, has delivered vou the 
guineas that I sent by him. How proceeds the leather covering tor the top 
and sides of my chariot or have you yet niet with an opi>ortunity of sending 
it to Virginia. 

"In the month of .April, I suppose the chairmakcr will commence his 
operations upon my most elegant and strong and every way complete chair, 
trunk box, etc. I rely a good deal ui)on yours and m\- good friend, the 
doctor's admonitions to the artist, that he may be induced to exert his 
honest art most fully upon this. little machine. My gun and sword cannot 
forget that they are under your protection, and much want repair. God 
knows when I shall get away from this place ; but I know that if your 
worthy father would but honor me with his company here, that the best 
Champaign should he plentifully at his call. God bless you and tlie 



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STkATlORI) LINE, FOURTH C.ENEKATION. I97 

wliole fuinily, i»rays sincerely, my dear cousin, Your affectionate uncle and 
friend." 

'• New York, 14 October, 17S5. I hope my dear Cousin has returned 
to Phila. brim full of health and law. But, say, is it law, or is the study 
of law alone, that is inconsistent with the duties of friendship? There must 
be something in the way, or it never could have happened that I should not 
have received a letter from )ou in so great length of time. My silence could 
not be the cause, as your humanity would readily find an apology for me in 
my very ill state of health. The Holker cause was not tried it seems, but 
the Election strife is over, and I wish to know the event as well in other places 
as in Phil'a. Nor will it be uiiiiitcresting to know something of the maneuvers 
of the contending parties. Curse and doubly curse the Algerines, for these 
Pirates, I fear, have too certaiidy made war on our Commerce. Paul Jones 
from L'Orient informs us that Mons. Soulanges' letter was there and its 
contents believed. These Infernals, having put all the Commercial nations 
of Europe under contribution, except Portugal, the trade of Portugal with 
ours is all that remains for them to i)lunder. 

"Several years ago your worthy Father sent me to Virginia, a Dutch 
fan, and now the skreens of it are all worn out. I shall thank you exceed- 
ingly for getting a new sett of the different fineness made for me, by the 
best hand according to the enclosed measure; that I may take it with me 
to Virginia, as I pas^ through }-our city on the nth or 12th of next month. 
My Mrs. Lee writes me that she must and will have a handsome Bread Tray 
for serving bread to Table ; also a Basket proper for holding clean plates and 
one for foul plates. Now you must be informed that this demand comes from 
too high authority for me to venture neglecting it ; therefore I must again 
put your friendship to work to find these out. genteel ones, and that they 
may be ready to go by Mr. Cramp, wh.o I expect will return to Phil'a. early 
next month, by water. I ho[)e to see my Gun and Pistols here handsomely 
repaired before the 5th of next month. My best wishes attend the whole 
family, and that at German town, and I pray Cxod to have you in his holy 
keeping; farewell." 

" Chantilly, 4th December, 17S5. My dear Ne[jhew : The Saturday 
night after I left you brought me sate to this place, where 1 have the happi- 
ness to find all well. Our felicity would be com{)lete indeed if our Philadel- 
phia friends made \n\n of our circle. I am not without hopes that it may 
one day or other be the case. Already I treasure up your promise of visiting 
thc-se parts before you cro.^s the Atlantic. You have numerous friends here, 
who will rejoice to see you, and the fine sparkling black eyes of my little 
l->ank will glisten wonderfully at the beautifiil blue eyes of his lair cousin, 



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198 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



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Peggy Livingston. Whether or not my health will permit my return to 
Congress ne.xt year is a question that 1 dare not undertake to answer yet. 
Neither my favourite little Boat or the Bo.x that I left at your house with part 
of my baggage are yet arrived here ; nor have we heard a tittle of the vessel 
(Mr. \Vyncoop's and Seamen's) that was to have sailed with them the Sunday 
after I left you. Where is the vessel, and where are my things? if they yet 
remain in Phil'a., the vessel commanded by Capt. Stewart, that lays at .\rch 
Street Wharf, will bring and land them for me at Zachary Weaver's, where 
he landed the Plaster of Paris. 

" The plate and the Bread Baskets, bless me, the most important of all, 
because commanded by the highest authority, as all married men know, 
which pleasing influence will in due season be felt by my friend to whom I 
write. The non-arrival of these baskets has been imputed to accident, for 
says she, Mr. Shippen is polite and exact, so that no omission can possibly 
have arisen from him. I agree that it is so, and we resolve to expect them 
by the first fair wind. The Skreens too for my Dutch fan, that I was at such 
pains to send the measure of, I unfortunatelv tbrgot in my haste. And now 
my fan is quite useless for want of the Skreens. I pray you, my dear Cousin, 
to let these things be sent expeditiously, together with two or three ounces 
of the Butter Nut Syrup that your worthy Father promised to procure for 
me. By means of Mr. Thomson, Merchant here from your City, I can and 
will order you pa}'ment for these things the moment that I know their cost. 
The roll or two of narrow pink ribbon for Molly's Tambour is also much 
wanted. We all here join most cordially in love and compliments to your 
whole family. And I pray you not to forget my best affection for the old 
Doctor, when you see him. God bless you; farewell." 

" Chantilly, 17 .April, 1787. My very dear Cousin : Since I parted 
with you and my other very dear friends in Philadehihia, in the fall of 1785, 
I have been agreeably employed in family cares and domestic concerns. 
This pleasant life, with much attention to my health, has restored it beyond 
my hopes; but yet not so firmly as to promise the power of again' engaging 
largely with public affairs. Perhaps I may venture to Congress during the 
course of the coming summer. I feel and see the unhappy state of jniblic 
affairs that you describe ; but I hope for amendment. 

" In May next a Convention is to meet at Philadeli>hia for the purpose 
of amending our Federal Constitution. From this source perhaps we may 
derive some good. We have everywhere young men coming forward with 
worth and talents. 

** From the Herald's office, in London, you may get the most perfect 
information concernini: our familv before some of them came here, and I 



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STRATFORD LINE, F'OURTH (;ENERA'nOM. 1^9 

think my eldest lirnther did lods^c with tin- office an account of that part 
of the family that came here. Your L ncle, A. Lee, who is now here, tells 
me that Mr. \Vm. Lee did get from the Herald's Oflice a very complete ac- 
count of the family. Tlie book you allude to is in the possession of Mr. 
Fendall, who married my brother's widow, and he is at [iresent not in the 
country. The elder branch of our famil}- lives now in Shropshire, near 
Shrewsbury, and possesses undiminished the old original family estate. I 
dare say he will be glad to see you when you travel that way, and he be- 
comes acquainted with your extraction. I leceived the stockings and socks, 
that you were so good as to send me, with (iTubie pleasure because they gave 
me additional jjroof of your tViendship and because they are so admirably 
fitted for the purpose they were intended. I liave worn them ever since 
with great satisfaction. I hope, my dear friend, that you will continue your 
agreable correspondence ; it will be a great comfort to me in my retirement. 
But above all I hope you will not forget )Our promise of coming to see us 
on your return to America. I assure you that I contemplate that time with 
great delight. Will \ou give my best respects to the worthy Bishop of 
Chester, when you see him, and inform him that I never rccei\'ed the letter 
he was pleased to write me by Mr. Beverley. The gentleman took such meas- 
ures as did indeed seem secure for conveying the letter, but it miscarried 
by accident. I wish abo to be affectionately remembered to my friend, Ed- 
mund Jennings, Escjr. If any very valuable and well approved blooks, in any 
science (if they l)e not very dear indeed), shall make then- api>earance, be 
so good as to send them to me, and on \our ai)i)lication to my Merchant in 
London, Mr. Thomas I>lane, he will pay you the money for them. 

" Farewell my dear Cousin, and that you ma\- be happy and return to yr. 
native Country, is tlie prayer of your affectionate L'ncle and Friend." 

•' New York. 22 July. ryS". M}- Dear Cousin : Having recovered my 
health much better th:in I L\er e.xpected to have dojie, I have again taken 
my seat in Congress. I arrised in this city a fortnight ago, having stayed 
a week in Philadelphia, wliere 1 saw your t'riends all in good health, and 
your father as usual iii high .spirits. I was extremely hap[)y to find that you 
were so well placed for improvement, and to see under \our own hand such 
strong proofs that \ou had greatly profited Ijy your situation. 

"The Federal Convention at i'hiiadeli)hia is j.iroceeding slowly but I 
hope surely in a practical ini[)rovement of our Federal Constitution. Expe- 
rience seems to have i>ro\ed that our governments have not tone enough 
for the unruly jiassions of men, and so far as I can judge the general wish is 
for a balanced goveriiment where the powers shall be placed independently 
as in England, and of a duiation somewhat longer than at present. Con- 



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''."''■ 1 , i. • 



4o6 LEE OK VIRGINIA. 

gress is proceeding with the ordinary business until the Convention shall 
report their plan for consideration and rec(jminendation to the different 
States. I suppose it will be recommended to the States to call conventions 
for the special p.irpose of approving the new system, that it may rest on the 
broad base of the peo[jlc's choice rather than on the more feeble opinion of 
the ordinary legislatures. 

" In my last to you from Virginia, I re([uesled you to send me a few of 
the newest books, if there were any published of high character, and to 
apply to Mr. Thomas Blane, Merchant in London, for the cash to pay for 
them, and to deliver them to him that they might be forwarded to me. If 
you have not already complied with this request, you need not now trouble 
yourself about it; because I have written to Mr. Blane for as many books 
as my finances will allow me to devote in one year to that article. But you 
will very much oblige me by getting for me some one of the most approved 
modern lamps of polished tin, such as Doctor I'Vanklin brought over with 
him, for giving great splendor of light to a parlor where company sit. If, 
in order to use this lamp any explanation is necessary, let such explanation 
accompany it. Mr. Blane will receive and forward the lamp with my other 
goods that he sends me the ensuing Fall ; and he will, on your application, 
supply the money necessary to pay for it, as I have directed him. 

"I pray you to remember me affectionately to Mr. Adams, and inform 
him that I will shortly write to hita. Congress have not yet determined on 
complying with his request to be permitted to return home ; but when they 
do so, I will certainly do my endeavor to have Col. Smith appointed Charge 
des Affairs at the Court of London, if such should be the plan fixt on. My 
compliments, if you please, to Col. Smith. I hope to hear from you ere 
long, because I am always happy to do so, being with the most unfeigned 
affection and the truest regard, my dear Cousin, yours forever." 

"P. S., 30 July. The want of nine States prevented a determination 
on Mr. Adams' business by this packet, so that we do not know the future 
arrangement. I enclose you, my dear Cousin, a letter tor our relation, the 
Bishop of Chester.' It may bring you acquainted with a learned and worthy 
man. Remember me to Dr. Cutting. Mr. Blane may be met with on 
the Royal Exchange, the Virginia Walk. Seal the Bishop's letter before 
delivery. Farewell." 

" Chantilly, 21 Sept., 1791- My dear Nephew: The letter that you 



• Bishop Porteus, of Chester, wn the soii of Col. Robert Porteus, of Virginia, who married a daughter 
of Governor Edmund Jennings. Governor Jennings married F ranees, youngest daughter of Henry and 
Alice (F.ltonhe.Ad) Corbin; her eldest lister, L^etitia, married Richard Lee-, and was the grandmother of 
Richard Henry Lee *. 



" My Dr. 

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tbe 3(i in; 



Letters of Richard Heiuy Lee. 

I LOCATION OF TUt; SKAT OF lU;NtUAL UOTL'KS- 

Tlic^ followiiitr compose a turthi-r in.t4ill- 

.0111 of I lie. 1,-tlei-s ot tlio Luf lairiily kindly 

.oiinid 11- L'V Mr. Cassiiis F. Li-e, a numher 

I ot v.lil.li hive already a|jpfariii in THE 

ST.i.\iiAi;u at ditl'erenf tiio.'>. The preseut 

ctters "(TP all addres^.il to Thomas Lee 

jihiiHKU. .It Philadulphiu, th.- lU'iiliew .>f "'n',"' 

'Richard llfury Lot, and ncrc wriltcu hy day, tl 

' the last Jrom New Yorii, where he was then liiil (o 

■ .ceildaiit a-i a delegate from Virsinia to the, J''^'^ "' 

United States Congress. They give an in- ti,,,',,:, 

resting aecount of the wrangle over the cus- 'i 

cation of the seat ot the General Govern- wh.'i. 

ent, and contain a pleasing melange of 

jlitics, business, sentiment, and pluyfnl 

adinage : 

•'New YoKK, June 1, 1790. 
'My Hear yephe 



l-celveil Ibis letter arid when ; for as Heaven 

I and Uell are no 

■ and my seiitiiue 

: osity may he pronij-ted to know what I 

: write to you on the suhjeet. This letter will i 

go from 'thenc:e bv to-morrow inorutug the 

id .June." 



• New Yor 



■y.pi.c 



discharge for both. Irl was to attempt 
1 to keep us here the detail ot all the votes^ uianouvres and 
11 known, curi- detour^ tir.i i'lv.- p< rrhxea Congress upon 
■, I should tire both 
iH thesefore remain 
T-'r. At pre-ent I 
.speetopensfor our 
itssion. 1 think it 
I, and therefore vou 
•liorts shall not" be 



:, .Tone lo, ITyO. 
.r .! w.thyuursi 



■iL'lit that it should hi 



■t of Ol 
lite Ih, 



■ me 



M:i 



! dela 



ud be. 



ill 



The b 



till 



gh. 



Senate 
mittoi 
The V 


d 
int 


vidod 12 
, ilr. r 
Pri-ido 


fo 
atl 

It ,- 


Wb i* 









iy to be dis 
ol the wliole Senate, 
:. The Slemberij for 
e then tried, and the 
.nd 12 agt. the Com- "^'iwoou earn, 
son voting with us. | ''^''r''. ''>' "'" ' 
It it to a private Com- sn""-' 

■■".'rVtiedand delay 



obe 



letter oi the 2Sth MayfoiiMiI me lu ;i <o' :■- _■ ■ _ 

igreat grief, it having arrived ai-m t.v.i i, , - ; 
I Jiotirs after the death ot our mu :, m ; i ; • 

••iendColo. Bland,' who depariL-fl ; - : - , m ■■ ; 

.this tijpuoon alter a paiiitul illii.-- yf ;; u.. .nil lin ■! : , , - 
days. It 'iju;t l)e so " Good dyes immature ' pnOieil. ami I'm!. ■■.- ■ 
and a' 11 :■ Ici'lh beq'ueathuig endless pain." i yon liave little to '■?■ 
I Altlii.i. f .■iniug'il our prospects of meeting from (ra. My fami!;- 
.tPhii...lnc nextsessiou were welHoundeti, at .Stl atford liave bi'en 
jcpei-ieuee has so far proved that I was mis- the measles ; tliey are, 
iken. To some of your friends I gave it as covered, or in a good 
ly opinion that to prevent the Sliccess of where you know I plat 
trigurs, It would be better not. to bring ate uncle, " Rt 

irvvardthemotion untilliietimeof adjourn- 1 _ 

■jnt was come; they thought otherwise,; • "New Yokk, June 13, 17S0. 

don the motion beingmaile in tiie Senate, 
la lose it by amajoritv,.' I ,. I r : Philu 
/ere "X. H., half of .Jer ■ , . i'. -^ng 
gainst it) Pennsylva., U- ' '.•i.mI. 

nd S'irginia. Against v.: -'i- ^j-etts, 
>nnecticnt, N. Y.. half -Jc-r;. y, N. C, S. 
X, and Georgia. A bill was then proposed 
or tixing both Temporary and Perm; 



i the i ^^''1 "01 



riicelcL m.il,. ,"■ . ,i ,- i. right. 20 

being Um ■ , . ■ 1 lor, and tlie 

e of tlie'ni- i rinin me over 

dollars is I.. ,; ... iLi [. lymcnt ot the 

■orUing to the place 

igcr to me it will be 

ut it not I will pay the balance. 

IS a Homager at the 

's. and perhaps the 



blv 



t be 



tor 



.s the le 
fri 



erful 



the old 



tha 



eat-, but in the nieantime the House ol 

e)i!-e-.ee.tativfs p.i.-scd a r'--olve with a rna- 

ritv oi ItJtouicet at ]-l.lii!. the ncxt Ses- 

on. Their resolve and our Bill are both 

ov,- lictnrc the Senate. No man who had 

otiiM . ii.iiiL'li to ballance a straw, sees not 

thill ih<- ([i.rt of the, Bill will operate- solely 

to 111.; piirj..'.se of keeping Congress here, 

wh.-ii now tnat Khode Island has acceded to 

the ( .institution it will probably rvmain for 



vho 



I thro. 



f ol ambition, 
/. will I sup. 



I thank God, all i 
tvay. - CtIvc my love 
; it. Your att'ection- 
UARD Hekrt Lee. 



My Dear Xepttew : 

"1 have received your lettei- of the lOtli 
ith a letter enclosed for Count Andriuni. ; 
have been twice to search lor him in vain, i 



11 be supliorted fo 
C or bcautv like hers. Pre- 
id'that iuu know I place it. 
(1 Willi " Y'our aflectionatc f 



" N. York, 30 June, 1700. 

*' My Dear Nephem : ' ; 

" Tust going to bed I have blit a moment 

to inform vou that this day in Senate hv a' 

^(ajoritv o( li; to ID we orilrred to the third 

1..' .. llii, '.. .-...-i, : ,■-■ Congress to 

: li there to re- i 

111. ..11.. l:o to Poto- , 

\.. . .,■■.. 1-1 . .|...i:.; luit that we ; 



• bill 



ud 



are 



.■ tried I 



jdge 



clbi 



■J voted and he, 
1 spoke to ilr. 

1. lie said that 
and tliat he bad 



io 


liolding C 


hg 


rcss a 


P! 


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It 




nud out 




tear 


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..\r.! r. 




tr 


in 


g your p 


ac 


a.gai 


rt. it 


failed 1 


1 the U 


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it 


and tie 


- h 




nt 


ip a J....S 


Dive lo 


m 


I't 


n(. n.'Vt 


at 


Haltii 


lore 


. Wliat 


will b 


tb 




I'cT.-s/of 


th 


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e 1 can 


lot til 


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am stirt 


tl 


at 1 




lily wis 


1 t.S Ll. 


tr 


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hence. 


Be 


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oil 1. 


s to let 1 


ll. „ ,. 


th 
th 


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ist of n 
I iniiv se 


y 

tie 


that a 


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nt. I SI 


'"bi'V." 


pa 


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th 


■sthat C 
It 1 hop 


111 


KInie 
will 


bor 


eturueil 


to 1 111 


4 To 


1 of Jiar 


Ir 


jn w i 


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be Nail 


rod'-. 


ht 


pe 


bow eve 


that he 


will 


take tliL 


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gc 




up and • 


f n 


ot as 


be 


goes up 


that 1 




if 


do so .-L- 


h 


e reti 


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down the rive 


from 


Alexai 


dri 


1, will 


ch 


lire he 


may . 


w 


th 


perfect 


afi. 


ty aiu 


pri 


priety. 


Jly lov 


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e it is di 
















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imtcly yr 


urs. 










•• RlCUAllU IlK.NHY 


Lee." 



assured tiiac a majority, in the H. of K. is 
■there ready to receive and pass it. (11 the 
success of this you will be informed in due. 
season. The gentleman who will deliver 
Mill this is the Nephew of our lati; wortliy 
iriciiu Colo. Bland, and he deserves your 
civiliti..s.f ily lovelo all my friends— fare- 
well, ' "EtCHAtiD Hexkt Lee.'' 



Tlif-o.lrkkBlaiul.M.D.. 



st:lte-i 



lanU 



nils both at I'lulii 



■ J\ iS.-Let me kn 



my love 


1 


im 1 ,. 1 am not t 
; you because I 


nwi 


ling to 1 
ire ol ha 


id and Un 


■le, 


creditor. ..^m 


so 


1 ackno 


Hkskv 1 


.ee. 


' your debtor fo 


r tw. 


letters tl 


luickly if 


you 


re- ivooU's r. c.-ip 


, an 


1 vour lj 






in-t. iourg. 


odm 


-swillta 



STRATFORD LINE, KOURIH GENEKATION*. 201 

had the goodness to write to ine on the i iih inst., I received last evening. 
We all here join in thanking you for the happiness created among us by 
your information of the health of your Lady, yourself and my dear Sister 
and Brother, your Father and Mother. It was but one copy of Anderson's 
History of Commerce that I desired, having no possible occasion for more. 
And this coi)y may remain at Philadelphia until I come there, which now 
I expect will be about the loth of November, when I suppose forms will 
have subsided into business: the first day of the session being the last day 
of October, it may be hoped that lo days will be sufficient for the import- 
ant negociation of compliments. I am now to beg a favour of you v.hich 
I hope you will have the goodness to execute for me. To engage decent 
Lodging and as convenient to the State House as possible, that my gouty 
feet may sustain no injury from the wintry weather. If it can well be done, 
I should prefer getting my meals where 1 lodge, and you will please to re- 
member that Charles is to be provided for also. The time of entering to 
be when I arrive, which I desire to be about the loth of November. 

" I shall thank you very much for sending me a line to be left at 
Charles Lee's in Alexandria, until I pass there, informing me where my 
lodgings are that I may go there directly on my arrival. It will suit me well 
if I can hire room for 2 horses and find provender myself. And if you think 
that this last can be better procured now than when I come, you will greatly 
oblige me by engaging both oats and hay for two horses for the probable 
length of the session ; the cash shall be j)aid immediately on my arrival. 

" How are the mighty fallen indeed ! It is not easy for a mind of 
sensibility not to feel for the King and Queen of France, for the latter 
especially. I think with you that few tracer of wisdom are t(j be found in 
that attempt, but it is difficult to judge without knowing all the circum- 
stances. I must confess that I am not yet so hardened with politicks as to 
have lost humanity. Nur am I ashamed to own that I begin to be herirtily 
sick of politicks and politicians. I think that generally speaking the former 
may be called the science of fraud and the latter the professors- of that 
science. 

" We are not here behind my dear Niece in love of her and her sociable 
and amiable manners. To her, to your good Father, Mother, and Sister, 
we present our best affections. I am, wiili the truest affection, yours 
always." 

Mr. Lee's will, dated the iSth of June, 1793, and probated, Westmore- 
land, the 24th of June, 1794: 

In the name of God, Amen. I Richard lioiiry Lee of Chantilly in the county of West- 
moreKind, being of sound and disposing mind, do nuike this my hir^t Will and Tc^t-^ment, 



:-'i'ji|... (( 'O'^i *'■ if 



I. Hi ">1f 



i;:-0 !. 






202 LFE OF VIRGINIA. 

revokii!^ all others, thii eighteentli clay nf [uiie, one tllou^a!1(l ?even handred and ninety 
three. First, I desire to be decently, privately and frugally buried in the family burying 
ground at the Burnt House, as it is called, and as near to my late ever dear wife as 'tis possible 
to place mine without disturbing her remains, and upon her left, so that my present dear 
Mrs. Lee may be laid, when she dyes, on my right; and so my body may be laid between 
those of my dear wives. Secondly, I ilesire my Executors, who will be hereafter named, to 
pay as soon as possible, all my just debts. But I do earnestly recommend to my Executors not 
to pay any demand made against my estate but such as are supported by evidence strictly 
legal, or such demands as they or any of them know to be just. This desire is founded on 
long oliservation of great injury being done to the estates of persons deceased, by fictitious, 
false dem.tnds and accounts trumped up and sworn to upon a mistaken supposition that 
such oaths give legal validity to accounts and demands so partially supported. Item. My 
will and desire is that my Executors have my dear wife's dower assigned to her, with as 
little trouble to her, and as >oon after my death as possible. Item. I give to my dear wife 
over and above her dower my two leases for the plantation of Chantilly and the Marsh jiian- 
ta ion, which leases were made to me by my brother Philip Ludwell Lee and my son Lud- 
well Lee, and afterwards confirmed by Col. Henry Lee, under whom they are now holden, 
and she is to be charged with the payment of one third of my debts. Item. I give and 
bequeath unto my three sons, Thomas Lee, Ludwell Lee and Cassius Lee, and to their 
heirs forever, all my lands in the County of Fauquier to be equally divided between the 
three according to quiutity, quality and value taken together, so that each son may have as 
equal part as possible, and this division I desire m.ay be made by three disinterested men 
or the majority of them, to be appointed by the County Court of Westmoreland, who in 
assigning to each son his part will have regard to the future falling in of my wife's dower, 
after her death, and regulate both quantity and situation so that each son during my wife's 
life may have a third part only of the remaining two thirds, and each a third part of my 
wife's third part, when she shall dye. And my will is further upon this point that the parts 
of my sons Thomas Lee and Ludwell Lee (to be circumstanced as mentioned) may be 
assigned to them respectively as soon at'ter my death as it can conveniently be done. And 
that the part assigned to ray son Cassius may be delivered to him at 21 years of age. And 
the profits in the meantime to maintain Cassius. Item. I give to my son Cassius Lee my 
negro bricklayer named Phil, to him and his heirs forever. .-\lso I give to my said son Cas- 
sius Lee my gold watch that I have sent to London for, with the triangular gold seal, 
given to me by .Mrs. Feudail and hanging to my watch. Item. I give to my aaid son Cas- 
sius Lee my books, Encyclopedia or dictionary of arts and sciences in ten volumes quarto, 
and Millots elements of general history, in five volumes octavo. Item. I give to my son 
Francis Lightfoot Lee all my Law books of every kind and nature whatsoever, and two 
hundred pounds sterling to be paid him by my Executors out of my personal e.>tate so soon 
as he comes of age, in order to procure for him a gCK)d Law Library. Item. I give to my said 
son Francis Lightfoot Lee and his iieirs forever my negro blacksmith, named Anthony, to be 
delivered to my son at twenty-one years of age and in the meanwhile, during the minority of 
my said son Francis, the said smith .\nthony to work at Chantilly gratis for the benefit of 
my wife's two plantations of Chantilly and Hallows's Marsh. Item. I give to my said son 
Francis Lightfoot Lee my gold watch and sleeve buttons of gold that I now wear, and the 
triangular gold seal that wa_s his Uncle .\rthur's. Item. I give to my said son Francis the 
four silver plates, silver spoons, silver pronged forks, with the knives that belong to the 
travelling case, and the three silver Tumbrils belonging to the same case, all which appro- 
priated to travelling "oy my late brother .\rthur Lee, V.^'\t., seem not to be included in the be- 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH OEXERATION. 203 

quest of household furniture by hini <^iven to my son Francis l.ightfoot Lee all which 
logetlier with tlie travelling case, I give to my said son Francis. Item. I give to my dear 
daughter Mary Washington as specific legacies the mulatto girl Letty that has usually waited 
on her, and the gold watch that came to me by my brother Arthur. Item. I give to my 
dear daughters Harriot and Sally Lee the sum of eighty two pounds ten shillings current 
money, to he equally divided between them, the same being the amount of Col. Turner's 
bond to Mrs. Richards, and also I do give to my said daughters, Harriot and Sally, all the 
money of Mrs. Richards that was found in this house at her death, amounting to forty 
pounds two shillings currency, and given by Mrs. Richards in her will to my two said daugh- 
ters, subjecting this legacy always to the deduction of six pounds nine shillings and six 
pence paid by me for funeral expenses, and other charges on account of Mrs. Richards as 
will appear on my ledger. Item. All the rest of my Estate both real and personal and of 
what nature and kind soever that I may dye possessed of, or in any manner entitled to, not 
herein before given, I do hereby give and bequeath to my dear daughters Mary Washington 
of Haywood, Hannah Washington of Walnut Farm, Anne I^e of Alexandria, Henrietta Lee 
and Sarah Lee, to them and their heirs forever, share and share alike, and I do hereby 
constitute these my five daughter;, aforesaid my Residuary Legatees, alwa\s subjecting the 
clause just preceeJing to the following exceptions. Item. I give to my dear son Thomas 
Lee all the negr' is, men, women and children, that came to me by his mother my first dear 
wife, except Jonas who is excepted in a deed of gift made for these negroes to my said son 
Thomas lately and who is to go into the residuum given to my said daughters in place of 
Newman one of m}' paternal negroes given to my son Thomas in the said deed of gift afore- 
mentioned, wliich said negroes so coming to me by my first wife, I give to my said son 
Thomas Lee and his heirs forever, excepting as is bej'ore excepted. Also, whereas I have 
already given properly as part of their fortunes to my two first married daughters, as appears 

on my Ledger to the a iiount of to my daughter Hannah Washington and to the 

amount of to my daughter Anne Lee and have not yet made such provision for my 

daughter Mary Washington of Haywood my will and desire is that a sum equal to what is 
mentioned on my Ledger as above stated furnished to each of my said daughters, Hannah 
and Anne, be first deducted, and a sum equivalent thereto be provided out of the residuum 
(devised as aljove) for each of my daughters Mary Washington, Henrietta and Sallv Lee, 
and the remainder to be shared .ivnong the five Daughters aforesaid, Mary, Hannah, Anne, 
I lenrictta and Sarah. Item. My will is that if my son Thomas should distuib ray estate by 
making any claim against it by or for reason of any Legacy left him by Gawen Corbin de- 
ceased that then and in that case I revoke and absolutely annul the Legacy of land left him 
in this my will, and desire that the said land so left to Thomas may be equally divided be- 
tween my two sons Ludwell Lee and Cassius Lee and their heirs forever. 

This my last Will and Te---tame;it all written with my own hand upon six pages of paper 
at Chantilly, this eighteenth of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and n'liety three. And for my last Will and Testament 1 humbly pray that it may be taken 
by all Judges Justices and Courts before whom these presents shall come. 

Codicil, iS June, 1793. I do hereby constitute and appoint my dear Wife Anne Lee, 
my dear brother Francis Lightfgot Lee and my much valued friends and sons-in law William 
.\ugustiiie NN'asiiington, Corbin Washington and Charles Lee of Alexandria, Esquires, my 
Executrix and Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and guardians of my infant 
children. This my codicil is also all written with my own hand at Chantilly the day and 
year above mentioned. 

Co>licil, May, 1704. Whereas it has always been my intention to make the fortunes of 



■ ■ ■ .r>: ' 



264 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

my single daughter-, Harriol and Sally Lee, eijual to their marryed sisters; I have for that 
purpose lent to Mr. tJeorge Lee, of I^udon County, the sum of five hundred and forty-three 
jx)unds thirteen shillinj^s and four pence, current money of Virginia, for which he has given 
his Bond bearing date the first d.-^y of October, 1793, to William Augustine Washington, 
C'ubin Washington and Charles Lee, in trust for my use, or to such person or persons as I 
shall under ray hand and seal, or by my la.st Will and Testament direct. Now my will and 
desire is that the money lent to Mr. George Lee, for which he has given his Bond as afore- 
said, be equally divided between my two daughters, ILirriot Lee and Sally Lee, but should 
either of them die before marriage, in that case the part of the one so dying to be divided 
equally between my Daughters Mary Washington, Hannah Washington, Anne Lee and the 
survivor of the two licfore named. And whereas I have lent to Mr. William Augustine 
Washington and Mr Corbin Washington the sum of $4,911.30 in six per cent, stock of the 
United States, and the sum of SS33.39 in three per cent, stock of the LTnited States, for which 
they have given their Bond bearing date the fourth day of May 1794 to my sons Thomas Lee, 
Ludwell Lee, and my son-indaw Charles Lee, in trust for my use or to such person or persons 
as I shall under my ha.id and seal, or by my last Will and Testament direct. Now my will 
and de:5ire is that the sum of 51,507.33 of six per cent, stock of the L'nited States, lent as 
above, be tijually di\ided between my two daughters, Harriot Lee and Sally Lee, and that 
the sum of $3,403.97 of ;ix per cent, stuck of the United States, and the sum of $833.39 of 
three per cent, stock of the United States, lent as above aforesaid, be equally divided between 
my tive Daughters, Mary, Hannah, Anne, Harriot and Sally; but should either of ray 
Daughters Harriot or Sally die before marriage, in that case the part left to them I direct to 
be equally between my daughters Man,-, Hannah, Anne, and the survivor of them. Be it 
remembered that thi> my codicil is not written by me but I desire it maybe received and con- 
sidered as a part of my last Will and Testament, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal, this fourth day of May in the year of our Lord 1794. 

Mr. Lee died two years after retiring tVom public lifej his constitution 
had been enfeebled by his long and arduous labors. He was troubled much 
with the gout, which attacked the abdominal viscera, and caused him great 
suffering, but, tliough his body had become feeble, his mind retained its vigor. 
He breathed his last at Chantilly on the 19th of June, 1794, and was buried 
in the old family burial-place, at tlie " IJurnt House Fields," Mt. Pleasant, 
as he desired in his will. 

As in the case of liis father, Thomas Lee, tradition has given Richard 
Henry the wrong burial-groimd. liolh he and his father were buried at Mt. 
Pleasant. Richard Henry Lee expressly desired to be buried there ; saying 
lie wished " to be decently, privately, and frugally buried in the family burial 
ground at the Burnt House, ai, it is called, and as near to my late ever dear 
wife as 'tis po.^sible," etc. There can be no rea.sou for sujiposing his request 
was denied, esi)ecial!y as there is the corroborative testimony of one who was 
at the funeral. The late Mrs. Charles Calvert Stuart, of "Chantilly," 
Fairfax county, wrote many years ago to the late Cassius F. Lee, Sr., of 
Alexandria : 

"Our grandfather, R. H. L-e, was buried near the old burying-ground 



^y^ ! : . ' ■/ ■ ■■ . n M 



/.f 



'ir! ill- . .!fc:.;, J!! 



..! . •' 1 






'1- 



STKATKOKD LINE, FOURTH GENERAIION. 205 

at Mount Pleasant. Westmoreland county. I visited the spot many years 
a;^'o ; the gentleniaii \vl-io went with me pointed out the spot, just outside of 
the brick wall, and under a cluster of splendid shade trees; they told me 
the graveyard was full and conse([uenll)' this was considered the best place. 
.■Vunt Henry Lee told uie she well remembered the appearance of your dear 
mother and mine when they came to their father's Inirial; Aunt Lee was 
visiting at T>ee Hall at the time. I looked over the toniijstones. They v.-ere 
those of the first Lees who came to this countr}-, the Richards, etc." The 
Lee Hall mentioned here was the adjoining estate to Mt. Pleasant; in fact, 
the old mansion of Lee Hall must have overlooked this graveyard. 

In an article, " On the Northern Neck " of Virginia (^A?ne?-ican Gentle- 
vicn of the Olden Time'), by Benjamin Ogle Taylor, 1S51, there is given an 
extract from a letter written by an old lady; it is dated "Locust Farm," 
Westmoreland, and says : " I am now away down here in the Northern Neck 
of Virginia, and not far from the spot on which Washington was born ; scat- 
tered here and the'e all around me are the l/irthj^laces of Madison,^ Monroe, 
and Richard Henry Lee. Yesterday I was on the ground on which rest the 
ruins of the residence of Richard Henr}- Lee. All that stands upright of that 
(once) imj)osing mansion is the kitchen chimney. \\\ front scarce a half 
mile distant is the shore of the lordly Potomac, here about nine miles across. 
Lee is gone, his house is in the dust, his garden a wild ; but here are the 
same bky, the same lands, the same I'otomac. and the same dirge that of 
yore broke in murnir.rs on the shore. The remains of Lee lie in the midst 
of a corn-field, some five miles distant, and on which, I am told, is a stone 
with his name engraved upon it." 

Of the home of Richard Henry Lee, little is known. Thomas Lee 
Shippen, when describing his visit to Westmoreland, wrote his father that 
Chantilly "commands a much finer view than Stratford by reason of a 
large bav into uhich the Potomack lurms itself opposite Chantilly. . . . 
The house is rather commodious than elegant. The sitting-room, which 
is very well ornamented, is 18x30 feet, and the dining-room, 20x24." 
l""rom the inventory and ajjpraiseraent of the furniture, etc., at Chantilly, it 
is learned that there were a dining room, library, ])arlor, and chamber on 
the first floor. The hall being, as was usual, furnished as a sitting-room, 
contained : a mah(\gany desk, twelve arm chairs, a round and a square 
table, a covered walnut table, two boxes of tools, and a trumpet. On the 
second floor there were four large chambers, and a smaller one at the head 
of stairs; two rooms in third iloor ; store rooms, and closets. The out 



' Alluding, doubtless, to the tradition thr\t Madison had been born at Port Conway ; hii mother, it was 
»iil, wai there on a visit. 



'.>rf . 



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206 LEF OF VIRGINIA. 

buildings mentioned were : kitchen, dairy, blacksmith shop, stable, and 
barn. The enumeration of the liooks in the library showed about 500 
separate works, on science, history, politics, medicine, farming, etc., etc., 
which were ajjpraised at ^229 ics. 7d. Of money in the house at the time 
of his death, there were $54 silver, valued at S^\G 4s. ; in bank at Alex- 
andria, ^iSi 19s. yd; "Tobacco notes" for 13,907 pounds, nett. 

Richard ?Ienr\- Lee was twice married ; first, on the 3d of December, 
1757, to Anne Aylett, who was probably a daughter, or maybe grand- 
daughter, of \\'illiam and Anne Aylett, of King William county; she died 
on the i2lh of December, 176S, leaving four young children, and was 
buried, as stated in her husband's will, at Mt. Pleasant. But^a monument 
was placed in the old church at Nominy, to her memory — another instance 
of a person, buried in the old family burying-ground, while the tablet to 
her memory was placed in a church some miles off. The old Nominy 
Church stood upon a slight hill overlooking Nominy creek, and was about 
five miles from Mt. Pleasant, and about the same distance from Stratford, 
being situated between the two estates. The old church was burned many 
yeais ago; anotlier building has been built near the former site. This copy 
of the inscription on the tablet is from a manuscript in his writing: 

''Description of my dear Mrs. Lee's monument in Nominy Church." 

Sacred to the Me;noiy of Mrs. Anne Lee, wife of Col. Richard II. Lee. This monu- 
rient was erected by her alTacted husband, in the year 1769. 

Reflect dear reader on the great uncertainty of human life, since neither esteemed tem- 
perani.ent nor the most ami.able goodness could save this excellent Lady from death in the 
bloom of Life. She left behind her four children, two sons and two daughters. Obiit 12th 
December, 176S, a;t. 30. 

" Was then so precious a flower 

But given us to behold it waste, 
The short lived blossom of an hour, 
Too nice, too fair, too sweet to last." 

Richard Henry and Anne (Aylett) Lee had these four children : 

i, Tho.m.as^, See 32. 

ii, LuDWELL^ See 2,2,. ' ' I-' ■ - • 

iii, M.\Rv\ ''Was born on Saturday, the aSth day of July, 1764, in the 
night. She was christened by the Rev. Archibald Campbell, the nth 
of March, 1765, and her proxies were Mr. Francis Lightfoot Lee, Mr. 
Joseph Lane and Jan.ies Davenport, with Miss Elizabetli Steptoe, Miss 

Betty Washington, and Miss " (paper torn). She married on 

the 5th of July, 1792, Col. William Augustine Washington, the son of 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 207 

Augustine and Anne (Aylett) Washington, and died early in life, 
leaving no i>.si:e. 
iv, Hannah % the record of her birth, etc., in the family Bible cannot be 
deciphered. She ^vas probably born in 1766; she died about iSci ; 
married on the 10th of May, ij.Sy, Corbin Washington, of "Walnut 
Farm," Westmoreland, son of John Augustine and Hannah (Bushrod) 
Washington, and had six children. (See Washington Family.) 

Richard Henry Lee' married, secondly, about June or July, 1769, 
Mrs. Anne ((Raskins) Pinckard, who was the widow of Thomas Pinckard 
(by whom vhe had. at least, one child, a son) and the daughter of Col. 
Thomas Ciskins, Sr., of ^^^"iHe^eland, and the sister of the Col. 
Thomas Gaskins who was prominent during the Revolution. In 1783 
Thomas Gaskins, Sr., executed a gift deed to his " daughter Anne Lee, 
now intermarried with Richard Henry Lee " (North' d records). Mrs. 
Lee survived her husband. By his second marriage, Mr. Lee had 
issue two sons and three daughters, whose names and ages are taken 
from his Bil'^" : 
v, Anne% ^'born the first day of December, 1770, and was christened 
the first day of January, 1771 ; her sponsors \\ere Mr. Francis Light- 
foot Lee, Dr. Steptoe, Mrs. Richard Lee and Miss Sarah Gaskins. She 
was christened by the Rev. Thomas Smith." She died the 9th of Sep- 
tember, 7804; married, her cousin Charles Lee (36, q. v.). on the 
nth ot February, 17S9. and left issue. 
vi, Henrietta^ "born on the loth day of December, 1773. She was 

christened by the Rev. Thomas Smith, the day of January, 1774, 

and her sponsors were Capt. John Lee, Richard Lee, George Lee, and 
James Steptoe, Esqrs., Miss Eliza Gaskins. Miss Matilda Lee, and 
Miss Mary Lee." She died in 1S03-4; was twice married; ist, 
about the 14th December, 1794, to Richard Lee Turberville."' and lett : 
I, Cornelia Lee, who married Charles Calvert Stuart, of " Chantilly." 
Fairfax county. 2, George Lee, who married a Miss Dobell and had 
issue. 3. Richard Henry, who died without issue. Henrietta (Lee) 
Turberville married, secondly, the Rev. William Maffit, of South Caro- 
lina, and had two children: i, Anne Lee, who died unmarried. 2, 

' .Arthur I.ee to R. H. Lee : ". . . .My letters by Johnstone brought me an account of your marriage ; 
on which I give you and Mrs. L/Cc joy with a!' my heart."' — 4th of August, 17^9- 

"... I m.-iy now I hope congratulate you on your marriase with Mrs. Pinckard ; the imall acquaint- 
ance I \\Aii with her gives me great reason to believe she will make you happy ; and 1 most ardently pray 
ir at her goodness m,,y prevent both you an i the poor little ones \i ho survive, from feeling the loss of the 
tender and aiuiub'.e wife and mother that is gone." — 15th of August, 170. 

-At the reiniest of " .Anne Lee" a marria:;;e license was granted at Westmoreland, on the 13th of De- 
cember, I7;.4, between Richard Lee Turberville and Henrietta Lee, tpinster. 



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2o8 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Harriotte, who married the Rev. Reuben Post, and left issue. (See 
Turberville.) 

vii, Sarah ^, "born the 27th of November, 1775, ^"'^ ^^'^^ christened by 
the Rev. Mr. Smith ; her proxies were, Thomas Ludwell Lee, and Henry 
Lee, Esqrs., Miss Eliza Lee, Miss Mary Lee, Miss Nancy Lee, and Miss 
Hannah Lee." She died at Alexandria, the Sth of May, 1S37 ; mar- 
■ ried her cousin Edmund Jennings Lee (39, (]. v.), of Alexandria, and 
left issue. 

viii, Cassius% "born at 3 o'clock at night on the i8th of August, 1779; 
was christened loth of October, 1779, by the Rev. Thomas Smith: 
his proxies were, Rev. Mr. vSmith and Mrs. Armistead, Miss Alice Lee 

of Maryland, and Miss Nancy Lee of Chantilly and Miss " 

(record torn). 

" May every Qesar feel, 
Tlie keen deep searching of a Patriot's steel." 

"Dyed at Princeton on the Sth of July, 1798, in the 19th year of 
his age Cassius Lee (son of R. PL Lee, Esqr.) a student of Nassau 
College, New Jersey. Let not the voice of sorrow be repressed, let it 
teach those who knew him not, to appreciate the loss the community has 
sustained in the death of this amiable young man. He was endowed with 
feelings the most ardent and philanthropic, united to a superior intellect, 
assiduously cultivated, combined with sentiments of Liberality and 
Benevolence. But, alas ! the hopes formed of such a youth v/ere never 
to be realized, he was received by the Grave, almost at the time he 
was to leave the place of his education, and bestow his talents on his 
Country. From the short period of his life, his acquaintance was con- 
fined to a few! but while one of that few remains, he will be respected, 
. beloved and lamented. 

"'Some messenger of God from Earth returning 
Saw this beauteous llower, transported gathered it 
And in his hand t)ore it to Heav'n rejoicing.' " 

•'"■'■'■ •■ (Signed) Cornelia Lee. 

ix, Francis LI(;HTFOOT^ See 34. . . ■. 

GASKLNS Wn.LS. 

Thomas Gasc<3yne, dated the 20th of June, 1663; probated on 9th of 
Noveiuljer, 16G5 ; legatees: Josias, John, and Henry Gaskoyne ; will signed 
"Thomas Ga-.kin." 

Thomas Gaskins received a grant of 300 acres on the 9th of September, 



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STRATFORO LINE, FOCRTH GENERATION. 209 

1636, for the transportation of Thomas Gaskins, Elizabeth Gaskins, Josiah 
Gaskiiis, Mary Gaskins, Alice Gaskins, and Josiah Gambling, and for his 
own " adventure." There is recorded a deed, dated the 29th of July, 1657, 
from Thomas Gaskins to his cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of John Gambling. 
On the 26th of May, 1653, Thomas Gaskins made a deposition, and stated 
his age to be 52 years. 

Will of Isaac Gaskins, dated the 2 2d of October, 1709 ; probated the 
iSth of January, i 71 2 ; legatees : sons Isaac and Samuel, wife's son Thomas ; 
mentioned daughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Hannah ; Thomas Gaskins and 
PJartholomew Schrever, overseeis of will. 

Thomas Gaskins, dated the 28th of April and probated the 20th of 
September, 1726; mentioned wife Martha; granddaughter Elizabeth 
Gaskins; grandsons. Thomas and Edwin Gaskins; son Thomas residuary 
legatee. On the 17th of June, 1713, Thomas Gaskins executed a gift deed 
to his granddaughter, Sarah Hull, daughter of Richard Hull. 

On the Sth of .\ugust, 1737. the will of a Thomas Gaskins was ordered 
to be recorded, but no record of it exists. But on the 12th of March, 173S, 
Mary Gaskins, widow of Thomas Gaskins, received her sliare of his estate, 
also the wife of Richard Hull, and on the 9th of November, 1741, shares 
were allotted to his children : Thomas, Edwin, Sarah Ann, John, and Annie, 
each one-fifth part. Elizabeth Schrever (will dated on the 17th of July, 
'737- probated on the iithof 7br, 1737) left her estate to '' aunt ^Slary Gas- 
kins, uncle Richard Hull, and cousins, Elizabeth, Thomas, Edwin, Sarah- 
ann. Anne, and John Gaskins, the children of imcle Thomas Gaskins." 

Thomas Gaskins, no date to will ; probated on the i 2th of April, i 7S5 ; 
mentioned wife Sarah; children: Thomas, Anne, Sarah, Elizabeth, and 
Henry Lee Gaskins ; sons in-law, Richard Henry Lee, Edward Diggs and 
John Hull, Ex'rs. .\lso mentioned Thomas Pinckard, as late husband of 
daughter, Anne Lee. In 1769 Thomas Gaskins, Sr., deeded 391 acres to 
Thomas Gaskins, Jr., which had been devised to him by his father, Thomas 
Gaskins. In 1770 Col. Tho:nas Gaskins and Capt. Thomas Craskins were 
both vestrymen of old Wycomico Church. (OA/ Churches, &C., H, 46S.) 

In 17S3, ''Thomas Gaskins, Sr., executed a gift deed to his daughter 
.\nne Lee, now intermarried with Richard Henry Lee." (Northumberland 
records.) 

THE WASHINGTON FAMILY. 

An enthusiastic genealogist once traced the descent of this family from 
Odin, the mythical King of Scandinavia. It is needless to add that no one 
ever credited such a claim. Yet, imtil very recently, no exact data had been 



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LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



discovered to prove their true descent. Tliis problem has been finally 
solved through the careful and painstaking researches of ]Mr. Henry F. 
Waters, whose numerous contributions to American genealogy are so well 
known. He lias shoun that the two \'irginia imrnigranl.s, John and 
Lawrence, were descended, in the eighth generation, fronn John Washing- 
ton, of Wliit field, County Lancaster, England. Lawrence, grandson of 
this John of ^\"hitfleld, died in 15S4; on his tomb at Sulgrave Church was 
a fine cut-in brass of his arms. Lately a deed has been found, dated 1601, 
with the sign^iture and a vers' clear wax imprtsion of the arms of his son, 
Robert.^ Still another representation of their arms was on the tomb of 
Lawrence, son of Robert, who died in 1616. Thus there are accurate 

representations of the Washington arms, 
fj asused in England by three successive gen- 







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i:,r^y -■■[?;:' f^^ <^'''^X'^if erations — Lawrence, Robert, and Law- 
.' ■ "t-MI ^% '-bA/ rence. These are the same arms as al wavs 
used b}- the Virginia branch, and are said 
to have been the origin of the stars and 
stripes of ihe American flag. A copy of 
the well-known book-plate of General 

_ ; ^ v'^^ Washington is given here, sliowing these 

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John, the elder of the two immi- 
grants, is supposed to have settled in 
Virginia some years prior to 1655. In 
a commission to the military officers of 
Westmoreland, dated on the 4th of 
April, 1655, he was styled " Major.'" 
He was a Justice in 1662; Burgess, 1666, 1676 (11, Hening, 250). John 
was twice married, but nothirig is known about his first wife. He remarried 
before 1659. for on the ist of May, 1659, a deed was executed by Nathaniel 
Pope to his daugh.ter, ".\nn Pope ah ^\'ashington." On the 13th of June, 
1661, "'Mrs. Ann Pope alias Washington" patented 700 acres in West- 
moreland. John Washington probably died in the latter part oi 1676; his 
will was dated the nth of September, 1675, and was probated on the loth 
of January, 1677. He mentions his children in this order, Lawrence (stated 
to be the eldest), John and Ann. The document is a very curious one. To 



IThis very interesting documert h.is Lately been acquired by J.imes J. Goodwin, Esq., of Hartford, 
Conn., through whose libcr.ility Mr. Waters w.-.s enable! to prosecute his researches amongst the English 
r'-cords that fin lily led to t -.e tracing of the true ancestry of thf Virginia Washington^. 

* William anj Afary Ci^Ue^e Quarterly ^ \\\ i^rj, et if]. 






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STRATFORD LIKE, FOURTH GE'.NERATIOX. 211 

the lower chiirrli of Wasliington parish he left " }••= ten Commar.dments & 
the Kings armes '.v'=" is my desire be sent for out of w' mony I have in Eng- 
land." Desired to be buried on his plantation, be^^ide his deceased wife and 
two children.' Laurence, son ot the immigrant, mentioned that his father, 
mother, brothiers, sisters, and some of his own children had been buried at 
Bridge's Creek, Westmoreland, before the date of his will, nth March, 
1697-98. From these children of John" Washington a numerous family has 
descended. 

The eldest son, Lawrence, married Mildred, daughter of Col. Augustine 
Warner, of Gloucester county, by whom he had two sons and a daughter. 
Of these, i, John married Catharine Whiting, of Gloucester, and had 
Warner, Henry, and three daughters. 2, Augustine (died the 12th of April, 
1743, aged 49) was twice married; first, on the 20th of April, 1715, to 
Jane, daughter of Caleb Butler, of Westmoreland, by whom he had three 
sons — Butler, Lawrence, and Augu.-^tine — and a daughter ; of these sons 
Lawrence married Anne, daughter of the Hon. \\'illiam Fairfax, of " Bel- 
voir," Fairfax county, and died without surviving issue, leaving his estate. 
Mount Vernon, to his younger and half-brother, George ^Vashington ; his 
widow married Col. George Lee, of " Mt. Pleasant." Augustine (the 
youngest son of .\Ligu3tine and Jane Butler) lived at Wakefield, Westmore- 
land ; he married .^nne, daughter and co-heir of William Aylett, of West- 
moreland. (This William Aylett was probably the " Capt. Wm. Aylett, 
Jr.," who married Anne, the daughter of Henry Ashton, of \\'estmoreland ; 
his will mentioned two daughters, Elizabeth and Anne.) They had issue, 
three daughters and one son : Elizabeth, Jane, .\nne, and William Augustine 
Washington. I'he son (bsjrn the 25th of November, 1757 ; died at George- 
town, in October, iS 10) was married three times. First, to his cousin, Jane, 
daughter of Jolin .Vugu-line and Hannah (Bushrod) Washington, and had 
several children ; he ne.xt married Mary, the eldest daughter of Richard 
Henry Lee, by his first wife, but had no issue; his third wife was Sally, 
daughter of Col. John Tayloe, of " Mt. Airy," Richmond county, by whom 
he had two or three children. 

.A.ugustine, the elder, after the death of Jane Butler, married on the 6th 
of March, 1 730-1, ^L^ry, daughter of Col. Joseph Ball, of " Epping 
Forest," Lancaster county, by whom he had four sons and two daughters: 
George, Elizabeth, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles, and Mildred. Of 
these sons, John Augustine, born the 13th of January, 1736; died in Feb- 
ruary, 17S7; married FLannah, daughter of Col. John Bushrod, and had 

>.V. E. Hut. an J Gen. Rfgister, XI-V. 2co et Sr:q. 



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issue: Jane (wlio married her cousin, as just stated), Mildred, Bushrod, 
Corbin, and \Vi!liam Augustine. Of these children, Mildred, born at 
" Bushfield," aliout 1760, married, about 17S0, Thomas, son of R. H. Lee. 
Corbin, of '• Walnut Farm," Westmoreland, married Hannah, daughter of 
R. n. Lee, as stated, and had issue (as named in Hannah Bushrod AVashing- 
ton's will): i, Richard Henry Lee. 2, Johii Augustine, born the 26th of 

May, 17S9; died ; married on the 14th of November, iSii, Jean 

Charlotte, eldest daughter of CaiA. Richard Scott Blackburn, U. S A., and 

Judith Ball, hi> first wit'e ; she was born ; died in 1S56; they left 

three children, Anna Maria, John Augustine, and Richard Blackburn Wash- 
ington. 3, Bushrod Corbin, born the 25th of December, 1790; died 28th 
of July, 1S51 : n^.arried in iSio, Anna Maria I'liomasina, second daughter 
of Capt. R. S. Blackburn, and sister of his brother's wife ; they had two 
children : Hannah Lee, who married William P. Alexander, and Thomas 
Blackburn, who married Rebecca J. Cunningham. 4, Mary Lee, born 

; died in 1S77 : married in 1S19, Xoblet Herbert, and left two sons. 

5, Jane Mildred. 6. A son, Corbin, who was mentioned in liis grand- 
mother's will as '' now an infant ;" he probably died young. 

The children of John Augustine, and Jean Charlotte (Blackburn) Wash- 
ington, mentioned above, nianied as follows: 

i, Anna ^Llria, tlieir second child, (the eldest George, having died young), 
was born 5th November, 1817 ; died on the 29th of March, 1S50; mar- 
ried on the 15th of May, 1S34, Dr. William Fontaine Alexander, and 
had seven children. 

ii, John Augustine, born on 3d of May, 1820; was killed at Cheat 
Mountain, in AVest Virginia, on the 13th of September, 1S61 ; he mar- 
ried in February, 1842, Llcanor Love Selden, and had seven children : 
I, Louisa Fontaine, born 19th of February 1S44 ; married Col. R, P. 
Chew, C. S. A., and has i^sue. 2, Jean Charlotte, born i6th of May, 
1846; married Nathaniel P. Willis, and has issue. 3, Eliza Selden, 
unmarried. 4. .A.nna Maria, born 17th of November, 1851 ; married, 
22d July, 1S73. the Rev. Beverly Dandridge Tucker (son of Nathaniel 
Beverly, and Jane Ellis Tucker), and has issue. 5, Lawrence, born 
14th of January, 1854; married, on the 14th of June, 1876, Fannie, 
daughter of Thomas Lackland, of Ch.arlcstov>n, West Virginia, and has 
issue. 6, Eleanor Love, born 14th of March, 1S56; married on 5th of 
^^ay, 1S80, Julian Lloward, of Richmond county. 7, George, born 
22d of July, 1858.' This Col. John .Augustine Washington was the 



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last of his fainily to o.sn Mt. ^'ernon. He sold it in iS6o, tu ihc 
" Mt. Vernon Ladies Assuciation." 
iii. Richard Blackburn Washington, born 12th of November, 1S22 ; die 

; married, on the 20th of November, 1S44, Christine Maria, 

daughter of Samuel Walter, and Louisa (Clemson) Washington, of 
'' Harewood ;" they had issue: i, Elizabeth Clemson, born 21st of 
August, 1845. 2, John Augustine, born 27th of May, 1847. 3, Ann 
^L F. Blackburn, born ist of November, 1S49. 4, Louisa Clemson, 
born 17th of November, 1851. 5, Samuel Walter, born ist of Novem- 
ber, 1S53. 6, Richard Blackburn, born 21st of March, 1S56. 7, Chris- 
tine ^Laria, born i3ih of June, 1S58. 8, George Steptoe, born 7th of 
June, 1S60; is married. 

g 

iv, William de Hertburn, born 14th February, 1-86-4. iJ<i^. 

3, Mildred (born 1695-6). the only daughter of Lawrence and Mildred 
(Warner) Washington, was married three times; first a Gregory, " Mrs. Mil- 
dred Gregory" Avas one of General Washington's sponsors; she married, 
secondly. Col. Henry Willis, v,ho.ie daughter, Mary \\'illis, had married 
(1733) Hancock Lee. 

Lawrence, the other Virginia immigrant, is supposed to have arrived 
some years after his brother John. He was the ancestor of "the Chotank 
branch" of the Washington fainily, which has not been thoroughly traced 
out. Lawrence was born in Bedfordshire, England, in 1635 ; died, in Vir- 
ginia, in 1677. He left a son, named John, who was mentioned in the wills 
of his uncle ALijor John and of his cousin, Lawrence Washington. He 
married Mary, daughter of Richard Townshend, and left, amongst others, 
Henry (i 695-1 747), of Stafford county; his youngest son, Bailey Wash- 
ington, o( "Stafford Co. Gent.," married Catharine Stork and had: Baily, 
of "Windsor Forrest," Stafford, who married Euphan, daughter of James 
and Elizabeth (Westwood) Wallace ; their eldest son was Dr. Bailey Wash- 
ington, l\ S. N., born in Westmoreland in 1787; died in District of Co- 
lumbia, 4th of August, 1S54 ; he married Ann Matilda, daughter of Richard 
Bland and Elizabeth (Collins) Lee; she was born at "Sully," on the 13th 
July, 1799; <^'^<i ^^ 20th December, iSSo, leaving one son and three 
daughters (see 37, iii). 

(Information concerning Washington family, etc., from Ford's Wash- 
ington Wills; Hayden's I'u. Genealogies.') 

The will of Hannah Bushrod is worth preserving ; an abstract of it is 
given. The portions omitted are simply enumerations of furniture, etc., 
given to the legatees named. 



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2 14 Lf-^ OF VIRGINIA. 

" In the name of God, Air.en. I Hannah Waslun^ton of lUibhtiel'l in the parish of 
Cople and County of Westmoreland, Loifg sound in mind though weak in body and health 
make this my last Will and Testament. I am very conscious of my great inability in draw- 
ing up any instiurr.^jiit of writing yet as none except iny dearest friends will b.; at all con- 
cerned about it, [ ti'.;-t that tliey wi!! make every allowance for the defects which they may 
meet with here. I ^h:v\ try to cx[ lain ray desire which I hope uill be sufficient. The 
cruel custom in this country of hurrying a poor creature into a coffm as soon as the man- 
agers of the business (who arc generrdly indeed pei.ple quite indifferent about the deceased 
or the most ignorant) suppose them dead; the friends at that awful moment quit the room 
and leave their dear friend to the discretion of these creatures who tired of setting up and 
confinement have them hurried into the coffin. No physician in the world can possibly tell 
whether or not a person is dead until putrifactlon takes place and many have most assuredly been 
hurr'd away [•efore they were dead. A.s I ever had a most horrid idea of such usage I most 
earnestly entreat my friends to act willi me in the following manner, and that when it is 
thought I am dead that I remain in iiiy bed quite undisturbed in every respect, my face to be 
uncovered not even the thinne-l thing to be laid over it also I do request that not one thing 
shall be attempted about washing or dressing me. No la\Ing out as it is called I beg. I there- 
fore most earnestly pray that I may be allowed to remain in my bed just as I did whilst 
living imtil putrifaciion by every known sign justifies my being put into the coffin; it is 
mv will to be laid by niy ever de.ir husband. It is my will and desire that after all my just 
and lav.-fuil debi- are paid, winch indeed are but few, that my estate shall be disposed off 
in the following manner. In the first place I give and l:.e([ueath to my di arest and most 
tenderly belc■^■ed son Bu/nrod WashiuL'ton all my stock, horses, &c., &c., not hereafter dis- 
posed of . . . on this plantation." Then follows a long list of furniture gi\en to same son, 
part of which belonged " to Mrs. Hannah Washington of Selby." ..." I give and be- 
queath to my Dearest and greatly beloved grand-Daughter Ann Aylett Robinsi^n the whole 
of my Drawing room furnitare," cvic, &c. . . . "In the ne.\t place I give and bequeath to 
my ever darling grandson Richard Henry Lee Washington" some silver plate. Part of 
which " was sent for to the Federal City to cost /30, being a legacy horn my worthy 
Brother in La\v' General Washington." To the same gran ison she left a negro woman, who 
" was a very good Cook, her age I suppose to be about forty and a very healthy hearty 
v^oman, she also spins, washes atid Irons Extremely well." If this grandson died before 
coming of age, the property left him was "to be the property of my truly beloved (now an 
infant) Grandson Corbin Washington of .Selby, in case of my grandson Corbin Washington's 
death his brot'-ers John Augustine and Bushrod Corlnn Washington to have it. I give to 
j:iv dearest daiigh'.er in-Lnw Hannnh Washington all my spun and unspun cotton," and 
some furniture described at length. ..." 1 direct to my dearest daughter in law Anne 
Washington a mourning ring to cost ten pounds current money of Virginia, and one half of 
my little library, the other half to .-\nne Aylett Robinson." Horses to be given to " Daugh- 
ter in Law Hannah Washington '' and " dearest son Bushrod Washington." To " dear good 
friend Mrs. Mary Harrington wife to Doctor Timothy" some furniture. ... "I give my 
maho'^'any dressing table and the small cabinet which stands on it with a looking glass door 
to my deare:-t grand daughter Jane Mildred Washington. I give my beloved Mary Lee 
Washington ray h.mdsome Chamber table and the dressing glass \Nith three small drawers 
which standi on it." ... "I give my dear grand-daughter Anne A)lett Washington the 
miniature of my ever darling Mildred Lee. My other trinkets I desire may be equally 
divided between my three granddiaughters Vi/t. -Xnne Aylett Robinson, Jane Mildred and 
Mary Lee Washington ;" to tiie same three were given her clothing, &c. A '' mourning 






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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH CENKUATION. 215 

ring of five poundi value currency of Viri^iuia to my beloved grandson Bushrod Waihington 
son of WilHnni Aucjustine Washini^ton and my dear daii;,;hter Jenny. My liaud is so very 
well known that I truil this my last \\'ill and TCitament needs no vouchers. 1 constitute my 
Darling son Bushrod Washinglon and William Robinion, the lattt-r \sho married in)' Dear 
granddaughter Anne Aylett Washington, my Executors.'" No date ; was probated at West- 
moreland on the 2Gth of April, ihloi. 

Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

19. Fraxcis Lightfoot*, the sixth son of Thomas Lee" (Richard*, 
Richard') and Hannah Ludwell, his wife, was born at Stratford, the 14th 
of October, 1734, and died at his home, " Menokin," Riclunond county, 
about January of 1797. Francis Lightfoot Lee was educated at home by a 
private tutor, the Rev. Mr. Craig, who not only made him a good scholar 
but imbued liirn with a genuine fondness for the study of the classics, and 
for literature in general. Mi. Lee, on arriving at manhood, first settled in 
Loudoun couri;.y, the land,^ left liim b}' his failier being in that county; he 
and his broLb.er. Philip Ludwell, are mentioned as among the founders of 
the town of J-ecsburg; aj early as 1765, he appeared in public life, being 
chosen a Ij'u'gcss from that county. A k\v years later, on his marriage, he 
moved from Loudoun to Ricliuiond county, and built himself a home which 
he called Menokin, from the Lidian name, Manakin. Being chosen a 
Burgess from Richmond county, he was acting in that position when the 
first ruml)lings of the coming storm were heard, and seems to have promptly 
taken his stand by the side of his brothers as an earnest patriot. When in 
August, 1775, Col. Bland resigned his position as a representative in the 
Continental Congress, George Mason, himself refusing the position, recom- 
mended Francis Lightfoot Lee, and he was chosen.' It is not recorded that 
he held any position as a speaker; his usefulness, therefore, la}' in the 
quieter and kss ostentatious forms of public service, and it may be safely 
assumed tliat he was useful, for he was successively re elected in 1776-77- 
78 ; in the spring of 1779 he retired from Congress, being averse to a public 
life and lioping to be allovved to live henceforth a quiet country life. But 
not so; he was soon called again to the front, this time to serve in the 
Senate chamber of the Virginia Assembly. 

Mr. Lee's chief public services, while in Congress, were to assist in 
frairiing the articles of the old confederation, and later in his vigorous de- 
mand that no treaty of peace should be made with Great Britain which did 
not guarantee to the Americans the freedom of the northern fisheries and 
the free navigation of the Mississippi river; subsequent events have amply 



• Calendar Fa. State Paters, I, 368. 



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2l6 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

[jroven the wisdom of his foresiglit in making this demand. Mr. I.ee was 
also with his brothoi, Ricliard Henry, a signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

At one period of the Revolutionary War, some of their enemies tried 
to prove that " the Lees of Virginia," as they called them, were secretly, 
if not openly, hostile to General 'Washington. This charge has been com- 
pletely refuted; in fact, that great j)atriot had no warmer personal friends, 
nor any more sincere political supporters than Richard Henry Lee, Francis 
Lightfoot Lee. Henry Lee, and others of the flimily. A perusal of their 
private letters ampl\' sustains this assertion. An anecdote is told of Francis 
Lightfoot Lee, which well illustrates his admiration for Washington. Being 
one day at the county court house, just after the new federal Constitution 
had been adopted at Ph!ladel[)hia, and was, of course, the subject of gen- 
eral interest, some one asked his opinion of it. He replied that he did not 
pretend to be a good judge of such important matters, but that one circum- 
stance satisfied him in its tavor ;' this was that ■' ("icnoral A\'asliington was in 
favor of it and John Warden \\"as against it." Warden was a Scotch lawyer 
of ti)e county, who had just been making a s[ieech against the ratification 
of tlie new Constitution. 

A writer on the Signers of the Declaration of Independence has said 
oi' him: "In the Spring of 1779, Mr. Lee retired from Congress, and 
returned to the home to which bjth his temjter and inclination led him, 
witii delight. He wa:5 not, ho\ve\er, long permitted to enjoy the satisfac- 
tion it conferred; for the internal afiairs of his native State were in a situa- 
tion of so much agitaiion and perplexity, that hlh fellow-citizens insisted 
on his rej)resenting them in the Senate of \"irginia. He carried into that 
body all the integrity, sound judgment, and love of country for which he 
had ever been con^jjicuous, and his labors there were alike honorable to him- 
self and useful to the State. 

''He did not long remain in this situation. His love of ease, and 
fondness for domestic occupations now gained the entire ascendency over 
him, and he retired from |)uL'lic life with the firm determination of never 

• General Washington to Jnnies Madison, loth January, ijSS. . . . "That the opposition should have 
g.iined strenjjth at Richmond, among the members of the .Assembly, is not, if true, to be wondereJ at, 
when we consider that the great adversaries to the Constitution are uW assembled at that place, acting con- 
jointly, with the promulgated s;n;iraents of C'lon^l Richard Henry Lcc ss auxiliary. It is said, however, 
and I believe it may be dc!>';nded upon, that the latter, (though he laay retain his seniiment-,,) has with- 
drawn, or means to withdraw, his opposition : because, as he has e.xpr;;-' d himself, or others have done it 
for tii:ii, he finds himself in ha.i comp.niy saoh as with M[erce]r, Si::[i jiii, etc., etc His brother, Francis 
L. Lee, on whose judgment l!;e family piaie much reliance, is decidedly in f.tvor of the new form, under a 
conviction, that it is the best that can be oV'.ained. and because it promises energy, stability, ar.d that 
»ecurity, which is, or ought to be, the wi.>h uf every good citizen of the Union.'" — Ford's O-'riiiri^j of Ceurge 
i'-'aihitigton, XI, 207-8. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 2x7 

again engaging in its busv and wearisome scenes; and to this determina- 
tion he strictly adhered. In this retirement, his character was most con- 
spicuons. lie always possessed more of the gay, good humor, and pleasing 
wit of Atticus, than the sternness of Cato, or the eloquence of Cicero. To 
the young, the old, the grave, the gay, he was alike a pleasing and interesting 
companion. Xone approached him with diffidence; no one left him but with 
regret. To the poor around him, he was a counsellor, physician, and friend ; 
10 others, his conversation was at once agreeable and instructive, and his 
life a fine example for imitation. Like the great founder of our Republic, 
he was much atiaclied to agriculture, and retained from his estate a small 
farm for experiment and amusement. 

" Having no children, Mr. Lee lived an easy and a quiet life. Reading, 
farming, and the com;iany of his friends and relatives, filled up the remain- 
ing portion of his davs. A pleurisy, caught in one of the coldest winters 
ever felt in Virginia, termip.ated the existence of both his beloved wife and 
himself within a few da) 5 of each other. His last moments were those of a 
Christian, a good, honest, and virtuous man ; and those who witnessed the 
scene were all ready to exclaim, • Let me die the death of the righteous, 
and let my last end be like his.' " 

Mr. Lee, married, about the 21st of April, 1769, Rebecca, second 
daughter of Col. John and Rebecca (Plater) Tayloe, of " Mt. Airy," Rich- 
mond county; both he and his wife died within a few days of each other 
and without issue, in the winter of 1797, havi[:!g taken cold from exposure 
to the severe weather then pre\ailing. 

Tayloe. — John Tayloe was descended from William, who came to Vir- 
ginia about 1650, and married Anne, daughter of Henry Corbin, whose sister 
had married Richard Lee, grandfather of F. L. Lee; William Tayloe had a 
son, John, who married a Mrs. Elizabeth (G\v)nn) Lyde, and left three chil- 
dren : John, Betty, and Anne Corbin. This John Tayloe, of Mt. Aiiy, married 
Rebecca, daughter of Cov. George Plater of Maryland, and had, it is said, 
twelve children ; oi these one son and eight daughters survived him. The 
eight daughters, above mentioned, all married into prominent families: 
I, Elizabeth married Gov. Edward Lloyd, of Maryland, in 1767. 2, Re- 
becca, Francis Lightfoot Lee, as above stated. 3, Eleanor, Ralph Worme- 
ley, of Middlesex, in 1772. 4, Anne Corbin, Tliomas Lomax. of Caroline, 
''^ ^773- 5' M'iry, Mann Page, of Spottsylvania, in 1776. 6, Catharine, 
Landon Carter, of Richmond county, in 17S0. 7. Jane, Robert Beverley, 
of Essex, in i7()i. S, Sarali. Col. William Augustine Washington, of AVest- 
moreland, in 1799. John, son of John and Rebecca (Plater) Tayloe, and 
brother to these eight daughters, was born in 17 71, and married, in 1792, 



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iiS LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Annie, ilau^'bier of Gov. IVniainin Ogle/ of Maryland, and died in Wash- 
ingto:"! ciiy, in 1S2S, ha\-ini,' had, it is said, fifteen children ; amongst 
whom was a son, also named John, and fourth of the name, who entered 
the navy and was distinguished in the battles of the old frigate " Constitu- 
tion," ag;dnst the " Guerriere." and with the •' Cyaaeand Levant." After 
the first action, the State of Virginia presented him with a sword. ((?/i/ 
Churches, Families^ etc., II, iSi.) 

His will was dated the 30th of Decembei, i 795. and probated in Rich- 
mond county the 6th of February, 1797. It was written by himself, and 
reads : 

In the name of God, Amen. I Francia Lightfoot Ltt of the County of Richmond in 
\'irgini.i being in pretty good health and of sound menioiy do make and Constitute this my 
bat \\ ill and Testament Vizt. 

Firit I give to ray beloved wife Rebecca Lee, forever, a mulatto woman named Cate, 
v.ho is at present n.y wife's maid, and all the said Gate's feinale issue. 2dly. I give my 
dearest wife all the furniture in the room we lye in, called the Chamber, and also the follow- 
ing pieces of silver plate, to wit, a ce.fiee pot, a Chamber Candlestick, two tea Canisters, a 
Milk prjt, and :i sugar .lifting jpoon. 

3diy. I Lend nr." dearest wife during her life all the furniture not before given, all the 
Liquors and f.miily necessaries in the house and ouiccs, all my negroes on the Menckin 
Plantation, with tlie uten-iis of Husbandry, all the stocks of every kind on the plantation, all 
the Grain a-.id provisions in hand and growing at the time of my death, and the post Chaise 
or other carri.ige I raiy ii.^ve .T.nd llorsei aiid also wliatcver family goods and necessaries I 
may have ordered from Europe or elsewhere, and not arrived before my death. I mean 
hereby a comfortable provision fur my dearest wife during her life. After her death, I give 
all the said negroes, furniture and wiiat may remain of the other articles mentioned in this 
clause to my nephew Ludwell Lee, second son of my Brother Richard Henry Lee, 
forever. 

4ih'y. It is n-.Y will and desire that if at any tio^e my dear wife should be of the opinion 
th-it it wuald contribute to her ease and Comfort to liave any or all of the negroes at Meno- 
kiii Su!d, i:: such case, my Executors shall sell them, on reasonable credit or for ready money 
if they see titt, and the money arising from such sale, to be, at her option, laid out in the 
purchase of other negroes, for her use during her lifetime or to be put to Interest on good 
landed sircuiity, and the interest pa'd to my said wife during her life. The negroes so f*ur- 
ch.ised or 'he money at Interest, I give to my nephew Lud.vell Lee forever, after the death 
of my wife. 

5tii!y. I give my dearest wife Two hundred and fifty pounds a year during her life, and 
my will is that t'.ie s.i J T.vo hunirei and fifty pounds be always rated according to the pres- 
ent value of Gold and silver Coiiis legally Current, and as it may be more convenient to my 
dearest wife, I desire my Executors, if she should desire it, to pay the said £2^0 half yearly, 
that is to say, ^1-5 a: the expcration of each six months. 



' Ojl-. Saoiu-I Ot'ie, Esq., of Nort...jii»ber!and ccunty. Ep.^!ar.d, had a son, hii eldest, the Hon. Samuel 
Os'.e (died the jd of .May, iji--, a:J. s-.' ^^-^ ^•^s tiiree times Prjprietary Governor of Maryland. His son, 
the Hon. liciJaminO^'ic, also G jveraur, < i75--iijti, left a Soa, Ucnjamio, who married Anna Maria Cooke, 

diii^h'.cr ol SViliiini aiid tlii^bcth (T.',;'imar.i Cooke, 



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STRATFORD LIXE, FOURTH GENERATION. 2I9 

6tbly. I give to my dearest wife ^^250 to be paid to her as .-,oon after my death as may 
be, hidepeudciit of die ;!^250 yearly before Given to her. 

"thly. I direct that the taxes on the land and negroes at Menokin, for which my wife 
may be liable during her widouliood, shall be paid out of the Estate hereafter given to my 
nephew Ludwell Lee, and that two able well broke young horses may be furnished for Ler 
u.ie during her life, occaiionaHy as she may call for them, at the expense of my estate given 
to Ludwell Leo. It is aUo my will and desire that in case my dear wife should chuse to 
remove from Menokin that then all the furniture, necessaries and provisions that she shall 
not reserve for her use shall be sold with her consent and the principal and interest issuing 
from such sale shall be applied in the same manner as is directed in the 4th clause of this 
will with respect to the Principal and Interest arising from the sale of the negroes. 

-thly. The provision herein made for and the bequests herein given to my dear wife I 
mean and declare to be in lieu of dower, but if she should prefer her dower, in that case, I 
do revoke them all and declare them void, Except her maid Gate, the furniture in the Cham- 
ber and the Six pieces of silver plate. Sihly. I give to my nephew Thomas Lee of Loudoun 
all my lots iu the town of Matildaville to hitn and his hen-s forever, gtbly. 1 give to my 
nephew George Lee my Tract of Land near Colchester in Fairfax to him and his heirs for- 
ever, lothly. I give my Gold enameled snuff 13ox and the picture set with diamonds 
belonging to it, which was given to me by my ever lamented brother Arthur Lee, to my 
nephew Francis Ligbtfoot Lee. iithly. I give to my much esteemed friend Doctor William 
Shippen, Jr., of Philadelphia, fifty guineas to be laid out in a piece or pieces of Silver plate, 
as he may chuse, as a sniall testimony of my gratefull sen^e of the many Civilities shown to 
me and Mrs. Lee when in Philadelphia. 

12. I give to my nephew Thomas Lee Shippen of Pennsylvania a ring of two guineas 
value. 13. I give and bequeath all the rest of my E:,tate real and personal and of whatever 
kind soever to my nephew Ludwell Lee, to him and his heir= forever. And I do hereby 
make Constitute and appoint him the said Ludwell Lee my heir and residucry legatee. 

And it is my meaning and intent that all the monies and annuities given my wife and 
my Debts be paid out of the Estate which I have given to my nephew Ludwell Lee. 14. It 
is my desire that in case my dearest wife shall accept the provision herein made for her that 
then there be no Appraisement made nor Inventory taken of the furniture, family necessaries 
&c. lent her herein, but that she may at any time convenient to herself deliver a list of them 
to my Nephew Ludwell Lee. Lastly, I do Constitute and appoint my much beloved wife 
Rebecca Lee, my nephews Ludwell Lee, Thomas Ludwell Lee of Loudoun and George 
Lee, Executors of this my will, all written with my own hand and each page signed with 
my name and this last page with my Scale affixed to it. On the 30th day of December in 
the year of our Lord, 1795. 

As SO few of Francis Lightfoot Lee's letters have been preserved, these 
given here will be of interest. They throw some additional light upon the 
interesting period of the Revolution; very few of them have ever appeared 
in print. 

To Col. Landon Carter, Sabine Hall, Richmond county: 

"Philadelphia, 21st October, 1775. My Dear Colonel: I received 
your Letter with great pleasure, tho' contrary to your expectation it paid 
postage to the hated Post Office j the Continental post now goes regularly. 



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220 LEE OK VIRGINIA. 

SO we may with a safe; conscience say how d'ye to each other. It gives me 
concern to hear that you are ^^•ith drawing from public business; upon my 
word, this is not a time for men of abilities with good intentions to be only 
sijcctators ; if we can't do all the good we could wish, let us at least en- 
deavour to prevent all the mischief in our ])ower. Your good friend Lord 
Dunmore is endeavouring to raise all the powers on earth to demolish poor 
Virginia. AVe have advice that at his earnest solicitation a fleet may be ex- 
pected this fall to ravage our defenceless plantations and burn our little 
Towns ; and we have lately discovered a plot of his and Connolly's, which 
is to be executed in the following manner; Connolly despairing of getting 
up the country through Virginia, or the Carolinas, is to go to St. Augustine 
from thence to the Creeks and Cherokees, and through all the tribes to 
Detroit ; by Gen. Gage's commission he is to have the Garrison and Can- 
iion of that place and the assistance of the French of that settlement, with 
all those he is to form an army in the spring and march to Pittsburgh, from 
tlience to .\lexandria, proclaiming freedom to all servants who will enlist ; 
there he is to be joined by Dunmore with the fleet, and troops from England 
and to march thruugh the Country. Pie has Captain's commissions from 
Dunmore for Cornstall: and \Vhite Eyes. 

" We have given the earliest intelligence of these schemes to our Com- 
miitee of Safety, and hoj^e with their endeavours, assisted by the Carolinas 
and Georgia, that Connolly may be intercepted this fall or winter. Our 
military operations tliis campaign have been very languid, from the want 
of powder; but we still hope our success in Canada will be such as to cut 
a figure tor our fust essay. Such measures have been taken as give us good 
reason to expect a plentiful supply of that necessary article before the next 
spring, and then we shall be in readiness to receive the very warm attack, 
which from all our advices, the Minisir\- arc prei)aring for us. But lest we 
should fail in being supplied from abroad, every man should assert himself 
in making saltpetre; your several plantations would furnish a good deal, 
and \ou know the i)rocess is easy. With plenty of powder, the victory is 
surely ours. 

" 22nd October. Here I was interrupted yesterday evening by an ex- 
press for Dr. Shippen to see our worthy Speaker;' he went out to dine with 
Wm. Hill and while at dinner, was suddenly seized with a dead palsy, and 
this morning, we are informed that he died last night. You know his vir- 
tues and will lament the loss of the friend and Patriot. I am so concerned 
that I can't think of politicks. 



1 Peyton Randolph. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 22 1 

" My best respects to my good friend Mr. Carter; I ha\egot a man to 
work at his wool cards, and we are in possession of Miss Betsey's musick, 
which shall be sent by the first opportunity. Mrs. Lee joins me in every 
good wish to Tvfrs. Carter and Miss l.ucy. We have no doubt of Miss Lucy's 
happiness in the married state, as so much depends on herself, and knowing 
the worth of Mr. Colston. Remember me to all friends, when I shall see 
them, God knows. Believe me, my dear Colonel, Your sincerely affec't 
friend and respectfull Ser>-ant." 

To ^Vill!am Lee at London. 

" Dear Brother, I wrote to you by the Anne, Capt Sinclair, who sail'd 
the 9th of this month inclosing bills of Lxchange and other papers, and 
directed it to the care of Mr. Molleson, as you had forgot to mention where 
your Letters shou'd be'directed, but I have heard since that the Capt. is a 
very worthless fellow, therefore it may be necessary you shou'd make some 
inquiry after him; he is in a ship of Glasford's consigned to Rob't 
Bogle & Scott, this comes by Capt Walker he I suppose will sail in 3 or 4 
weeks, but I am oblig'd to write this early because I set off to day for Lou- 
doun to the election, which v.ill be in S or 10 days. The people are so vex't 
at the little attendance I ha\ e given them that they are determined it seems 
to dismiss me from their service, a resolution most pleasing to me, for it is 
so very inconvenient to nie that nothing shou'd induce me to take a poll, but 
a repeated promise to my friends there, enforced by those here who con- 
sider me as a staunch friend to Liberty ; for the ruin of which our Governor 
seems to be taking some very subtle measures, supported by the Att'y Gen'l 
who is pushing hard for the Govr's tavor, and to succeed the honest worthy 
Ned Ambler, who is dead, as a representative for James Towne. What a 
change! Lord Botetourt, in the opinion of everybody is a polite, very 
agreeable man, and it is probable from his universal character that we shou'd 
be very happy in a Governor, if it was not for our unhappy dispute with G. 
Britain, in which he must no doubt think and act with the ministry. In- 
deed he honestly says so and from what little he speaks about it, it appears the 
Ministry are determined to enforce. We have not heard any thing from 
Boston since I wrote last, the post did not bring in the last Northward 
papers, wliy we do not know. The Pennsylvania Assembly has adjourned 
to the Spring without taking the least notice of the damn'd acts. Oh, I 
forget, by some private acct's from Boston, they are enveigling the soldiers, 
who desert in crouds dayly ; our Assembly will meet in the spring when I 
hope you will have something worthy Virg'a. 

" I was miserably disajipointed in my expectations from \\'illiamsburgh, 



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222 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

altogether owing to my having employ'd the Esquire and which I did con- 
trary to my own opinion of things in general, but because I knew you 
usuallv ein]:)loy'd him in such affairs ; now you must not expect anv re- 
mittances till after the Oyer Court, and then by the first ship you cannot 
fail. You have enclosed Plector Ross's second Exchange for ^^40 to purchase 
for me things necessary tor our fulling mill, such as screw, or Press, Paste 
boards, sh.ears and dyes, the quantities and kinds of which I leave to you and 
if you can recollect any other thing necessary, send it, you have also Arm- 
stead's and Claiborne's seconds, the first of which were sent in my last, they 
are for the Misses quota's of B. Moore, and Armstead, I am informed we 
can get good Jamaica spirit cheaper from London than the W. Indies, for 
the duty is drawn back there and none paid here, do inquire about it and 
let us knov.-, my love to the Doct'r, I shall certainly write to him soon, no 
offer for liis chair and Horses yet and Col. Phil, says Griffin will not take 
the things at William'bg. Harry, you'll repent having desired rne to write 
often. Adieu." 

To Robert Wormelcy Carter, Esquire, at the Convention, Richmond, 
Virginia: 

"November, 1775. Dear Sir: We have had nothing new since the 
reduction of Montreal, v.hich I suppose you must have heard of. It is sup- 
posed Arnold must be in possession of Quebec by this time if he shou'd be 
too weak to affect it Montgomerie will join him fromivlcntreal. .\t all events 
we have got the most valuable part of Canada, as it cuts off all communica- 
tion with the Indians and prevents inroads on our frontier. It wou'd give 
me infinite pleasure, if our affairs to the Southward wore as tavorable an 
aspect, it will require very vigorous efforts to put a stop to the proceedings of 
Lord ]3)unmore. We arc extreamly alarmed bv an express from the Com'tee 
of Northampton County to Congress informing that he has issued a Proclama- 
tion, declaring military law in Virg'aand offering freedom to all servants and 
slaves who shall repair to th,e King's standard which he has erected ; that 
the inhabitants of Norfolk and Princess Ann Counties have taken an oath to 
oppose to the last drop of their blood any of their countrymen who shall 
come in arms into their Counties. The Com'tee asks for assistance, being 
apprehensive that their peojile from their ex[K^sed situation and the number 
of their slaves will thro' tear be .induced to follow the example of the other 
Counties. \\'e have got the Proclamation. I have been fearfull lest the 
letters from Northarnptun to our Com'tee of safety, shou'd be intercepted, 
which they were apprehensive of. This intelligence gives great concern to 
all the friends of America and subjects your countrymen to the sneers of iis 



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STRATf-ORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION'. 223 

disguised Enemys and the lukewarm. Fatal consequences may follow if an 
immediate stop is not put to that Devil's career. I shou'd think a sufficient 
force of Militia or Minute men. shou'd immediately be sent, to drive him and 
his adherents on board the ships; the estates of the inhabitants of Norfolk. 
or elsewhere, who have' taken arms, ag'st the Country shou'd be sequesterd 
for its defence. The proclamation burnt by the hangnian, heavy penalties 
inflicted on those who disi^erse them thrcj' the Country ; the palroles shou'd be 
very diligent ; will it not be necessary for the convention by a short ordin- 
ance to establish the j)resent I.au s and judges ? It would contribute more than 
anything to the quiet and safety of the people, and securit}of our commerce 
in the spring; if the Convention wou'd exert themselves in fitting out small 
armed vessells. to prevent small tenders from infesting the bay and rivers, it 
it cannot be done in ^'irg'a they might be procured here, probably Virg'a 
might spare powder for this purpose, but without very bad fortune we shall 
soon have it in. It is inconceivable what good effects have been produced 
from such a measure to the Northward, not a tender dares to come from 
under the guns of the large ships, and the vessells employed by the Army in 
l!osion to procure wood and provisions are every day falling into our hands, 
there are small guns in several parts of Virg'a ; a {(^w at Hobbs' hole and 
Col. Fauntleroys. The furnaces shou'd be set to casting them, God prosper 
your deliberations." 

To Landon Carter of Sabine Hall. Richmond County, Virginia. 

"Philadelphia, Nov. 20, 1775. My dear Colonel: I wrote to Col. 
Taylor two or three days agoe, from whome I suppose you have had the 
news, and intended by Mr. Colston to answer your last letter; but an 
express froin the camp last night having bro't fresh intelligence I take 
the advantage of to morrow's post to communicate it to you. The trans- 
ports from Ireland with five Regimicnts, compleat, have arrived at 
Boston ; a fishing boat with 6 muskets took a schooner belonging to the 
fleet, loaded with provisions for the Ofiicers, in her v/ere many letters by 
which we learn that the Roman catholic Lords Bishops and Gentry are ex- 
tremely active in procuring recruits. The Protestants very averse to the 
business, many recruiting parties driven out of their towns, and even the 
lower class of catholics, show great dislike to it, but witli the high premiums 
given by the Popish towns »l\:c many recruits are raised, and it is expected 
as many will be raised as will compleat the number intended for the next 
campaign, which they say is 22,000. 5,000 Hanoverians are to garrison 
Gibraltar and Portmahon, the British regiments there to go to England and 
Ireland. I will not anticipate your reflection upon the infamous proceed- 



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224 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

ings of the Ministry, but I think he must be blind indeed who does not see 
the design of establishing arbitrary Government in America, and be un- 
worthy the name of man who does not oppose it at all hazard. The estab- 
lishment of Po[)ery will no doubt be the reward of the exertions of the 
Roman Catholics. We do not think the whole of these raw Irish will make 
a dinner for our troops, our only fear is the want of ammunition ; but we 
hope to be relieved from that before next spring, our cutters have taken 
two more of their caitering vessels, one loaded with wood, the other with 
provisions. 6,000 of the Enemy made a sally out of Boston to carry off 
some cattle but a (cw of our men quickly repulsed them, with the loss of 
two of their men. We have heard of Arnold's being in Canada and rec'd 
with open arms by the inhabitants, so we expect that Quebec, and of course 
the whole province is ours by this time, so much for news. I am glad to 
find that amidst all the breeches, button making in Virg'a and in spite of 
the Cholic you keep up youi spirits and therefore hope you have defeated 
all the party schemes in Richmond. Lord Dun more seems to be a little 
quiet since the taste of Virg'a prowess at Hampton, we expect that Col. 
Woodford will keep him to his good behaviour at Xort'olk. Pray remember 
me to all my friends, present my best respect to my friend, Mr. Carter and 
his lady and believe me always y'r aff't h'b'l serv't." 

To THE SAME. 

''Philadelphia, Dec. 12th 1775. Dear Colonel: Before you receive 
this, Mr. Colston will have given you all the news of this place when he 
left it; since which one of our little men of war, called the Lee, Cap't 
Manly, has taken a storeship, loaded with 2,000 stand of arms, a great deal 
of artillery, 30 tons of shot, a cjuantity of shells and shot tor the bombs 
and Cannon; and a very great quantity of all kinds of artillery stores ; to 
the amount of 20,000^ Str., as 'tis tho't. 

" We make no doubt but Quebec and Carlton with his powder are in 
our possession by this time. If we are supply'd with powder from that or 
any other quarter this winter, we shall certainly make Boston too hot for 
Howe, as the ministry has kindly supplied us plentifully with artillery ; these 
successes to the Northward, and the former reputation of Virg'a, make the 
present proceedings with you apj^ear in a very odd light. The real friends of 
liberty are under great concern, and your delegates are mortified with the 
sneers and rellections of the lukewarm, but that is trifling to the uneasiness 
we suffer, t'rom the apprehension of the consequences, that may follow, from 
L'd Dunmore's being allowed to get to such a head. 

" It does not appear to n-.c, that Woodford is sufficient to effect an\ - 






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STR.\TfORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 225 

thing decisive. In my opinion, our safety depends upon an immediate and 
effectual stop being given to that infernal Demon, and his Tory associates 
at Norfolk. The Congress are giving the greatest attention to a Navy and 
I hope we shall have ships enough by the spring to oblige the ministerial 
fleet to consult their safety by keeping close together, and of course will not 
be able to do us much injury. I am surprised at not receiving Letters from 
my friends in Richmond by the Cont'l post. The Postmaster assures me there 
is a post established from Fredericksburg to Portroyal, Hobbs' hole, and 
Urbanna; the County Com'tees were to direct where the offices shou'd be 
kept. I wish it was enquired into and the obstruction mentioned ; that 
they may be removed, if in the Postmaster's power. I hope the County 
chose a Com' tee to your liking and that everything is quiet. Is it not 
necessary that the convention shou'd establish some kind of Government as 
Lord D. b}' his proclamation, has utterly demolished the whole civil Govern- 
ment? I believe the Congress will adjourn before Christmas, but whether 
long enough to allow me to see Virg'a. is uncertain. In the meantime my 
best wishes attend my fiiends in Richmond." 

To THE SAME. 

"Philadelphia, March 19, 1776. My Dear Col. : Before this I suppose 
you have rec'd a copy of Coiuinon Sense, which I sent you sometime ago ; 
if not, I now send a parcel to Col. Tayloe, of whome you may have one. 

" Our late King and his Parliament having declared us Rebels and Ene- 
mies, confiscated our property, as far as were likely to lay hands on it ; have 
effectually decided the question for us, whether or no we sh'd be independ- 
ent. All we have to do now is to endeavour to reconcile ourselves to the 
state it has pleased Providence to put us into ; and indeed upon taking a 
near and full look at the thing, it does not frighten so much, as when viewed 
at a distance. I can't think we shall be injured by having free trade to all 
the world, instead of its being confined to one place, whose riches might 
ailways be used to our ruin; nor does it appear to me that we shall suffer 
any disadvantage by having our Legislatures uncontrolled by a power so far 
removed from us, that our circumstances can't be known ; whose interest is 
often directly contrary to ours, and over which we have no manner of con- 
trol. Indeed great part of that power being at present lodged in the hands 
ot a most gracious Prince, whose tender mercies we have often expe- 
rienced ; it must wring the heart of all good men to j)art ; but I suppose we 
shall have Christian fortitude enough to bear with patience and even cheer- 
fullness the decrees of a really most gracious King. The danger of an- 
archy and confusion, I think altogether chimerical; the good behaviour of 
15 



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226 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

the Americans with no government at all, proves them very capable of good 
Go\ernment. I'm ray dear Col. 1 arn so fond of peace that I wish to see 
an end of these distractions upon any terms that will secure America from 
fnt!;re outrages; but from all our intelligence I really despair. There is 

such an inveteracy ia the and his advisers that we need not expect 

any other alternative than slavery or separation, is it not prudent therefore 
to fit our minds to the state that is inevitable. Virginia, it seems, is con- 
sidered at home as most liable to deception and seduction ; and therefore 
the Commissioners are to bend their chief force that way, backed by a 
considerable detachment of the Army. I hope it will turn to the honor of 
my Country, as it will afford an opportunity of showing their virtue and 
good sense. Col. Tayloe has the news. I wrote yesterday to my friend 
Col. R. Carter by the post, letting him know that Gen'l Lee, who has the 
Southern command, was furnished with the two aides-de-camp paid by Con- 
grcis, before my application, but agreed to take your Grandson as a super- 
numerary aid, he bearing his ov,n expenses. If this is agreeable you will 
perhaps see the Gen'l as he had some thoughts of passing through Rich- 
mon.d. Best respects to Sabine Hall." 

To THE SAAIE. 

''Philadelphia, Sep. 15, 1776. My Dear Col: I acknowledge myself 
greatly indebted to your goodness for which, tho' I despair of ever making 
full returns ; yet I shall endeavor to show my gratitude by such partial pay- 
ments, as my time and abilities will admit of. 

" I cannot think the apprehensions of our Council, without foundation, 
for whether the Enemy is successfull or not at N. York, there is reason to 
believe, they will make some attempts upon some of the southern states, 
and we know thrt our people upon the least removal of danger, are too apt to 
relapse into supineness and inattention. We find from experience that 
regulars only can effectually be opposed to the British troops; therefore we 
are collecting our regular bataliions to resist the efforts of the Enemy at X. 
York, and if any sudden attack should be made upon any state we must 
depend upon the Militia to impede their progress, untill they can be op- 
posed by some regular troops. 

" The Militia is not only ineffectual, but beyond measure expensive, such 
a number of regulars will .therefore be raised for the next campaign, that 
we shall not have recourse to the Militia, but upon extraordinary occasions; 
six new Regiments wi!l be raised in Virginia. 

" You have no doubt before this, been informed that our General upon 
finding Long Island not tenable, have quitted it, after a smart engagement 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 227 

between a party of between 2 and 3000 of our men, and the greater part 
of the Enemy's Army, in which tho' we were out-generaled yet the troops 
behaved so exceedingly well, that Howe has been very cautious in all his 
movements since ; all of which indicates his intentions of getting upon the 
back of our Army and with their shipping on the front and each side cut 
off all communication with the country, in which case we must either fight 
to a disadvantage or surrender for want of provisions. Our gen'l is taking 
measures to prevent this; for which purpose the City of N. York must be 
evacuated ; which is by no means tenable, if the Enemy choose to direct 
their efforts ag't it. 

"As the Court of G. B. has ever accompanied violence with deception ; 
Lord Howe their agent since his arrival has constantly endeavored to make 
the people believe that he has great powers, and earnestly wished for peace, 
and at length carried the matter so far, as to desire a conference vx-ith some 
members of Congress, in their private captacities. The Congress to show 
they were not averse to peace, sent a Com'tee of their body to confer with 
him, they had the honour of three hours conversation with his L'dship and 
returned here last Fryday. He acknowledged he had no power to suspend the 
operations of war, or to offer any terms ; but said, he had waited tvvo months 
in England to prevail with the Ministry to empower him to converse and 
confer with Gen't'n of influence in America, that he was sure of the good 
intention of the King and the Ministry, if we would return to our allegiance, 
they would revise the late instructions to Gov'rs and the Acts of Parliament, 
and if there was anything in them that appear'd unreasonable to them, he 
did not doubt but they wou'd make them easy. The whole affair will soon 
be published by Congress which I will send to my friend in Richmond and 
shall be glad of your remarks. 

"All well at Ticonderoga. Every advice from all parts of the French 
dominions give us hope of a speedy rupture with G. B. — That event will 
make us somewhat easy. My best respects to the Ladies and my friend ]Mr. 
Carter." 

' '■■:• . ■ ' To THE SAME. ■■ - . ). • 

"Philadelphia, Feb. 12, 1776. My Dear Colonel: I intended to 
have devoted yesterday to answering your kind letters by last monday's 
post, but unexpected business intervened, which prevented me, and this 
day I find my obligation increased by the receipt of yours of the ist inst. 
I must now content myself with assuring you that I am very sensible of 
your friendship, and acquainting you with the occurrences in this part of 
the world ; the only return in' my power for your kindness. Gen'l Wash- 
ington having intelligence that Gen'l Clinton with a body of troops had 



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228 LKE OF VIRGINIA. 

sailed from Boston and suspecting their intention was to make a lodgement 
in X. York, dispatched Genl. Lee to prevent it. Lee arrived there last 
week with iioo men; and on the same day in pops Clinton, who had 
been separated from his fleet in a snow storm ; finding Lee there, he and 
Tryon assured the town upon their honor that the troops were not destined 
for N. York and nothing hostile was intended ag't them. Lee knowing 
the cue of the Ministry and all their agents, continued to call in more 
forces; this day he sent us an express that one of the transports full of 
soldiers was arrived and several others seen at the Hook, however as Lee 
had 4000 men, it is imagined Clinton will comply with part of his honor- 
able engagement, and attempt nothing at X. Y'ork, but proceed to Virga., 
which place, some Gentlemen (in pretended confidence) were assured, was 
the original destination of the fleet, so that perhaps old Bess will not long 
remain ck^ar, Clinton's pretended rendezvous is at Hampton road, where 
he is to be joined by a fleet from. England with 5 regiments, his present force 
is supposed to be 6 or 700 men. I fear your want of arms and good Gen'ls 
will make this little Arm)' very formidable to you. V/e have not yet applyd 
to Congress for y'r Genr'l Officers, nor do v/e know where they will be got; 
those that are good for anything seem to have their hands full to the Xorth 
and F^astsvard, whenever they are appointed, you may be assured I v.-ill not 
fail to put in a good word for my young friend Landon. Had we not been 
deceived in our intelligence respecting the 30 tons of powder, Boston in all 
probability would now be in our possession ; but alas for want of that neces- 
sary, the favorable season has passed away, without anything being affected 
and now the rest must remain probably until next Winter; however we have 
now in hand 117 tons of saltpetre, 13 of powder and 300 stand of arms ; the 
utmost dispatch is using to manufacture the saltpetre, which will soon enable 
us to answer all demands w'ch are now very great from all quarters ; but we 
expect in the present scramble for the B'tons to get one or two for Virga. 
Our affairs in Canada are in as good a situation as we could expect, since 
our unfortunate attempt on Quebec ; we have no doubt of having a sufficient 
force there to render good acct's of Carlton before he can be reinforced. 
Capt'n Manly, formerly of the Lee, now of the Hancock, is daily taking some 
of their supply transports; in return for which two ships loaded by the Con- 
gress with flour to procure military stores, have fallen into the Enemy's 
hands. I find L'd D. is endeavoring to persuade the settlers on the Rivers to 
remain quiet, and not remove their stock and provisions, no doubt till he is 
enabled to come and ease them of them all. 'Tis strange that this monster and 
the rest of his infernal tribe should expect to be credited by a single person, 
after the innumerable instances of cruelty and rapacity and perfidy, fresh in 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 229 

every one's mind, which they have exhibited in every part of the world. 
The Ministerial scheme against Sayre, Lee and others was this : The work- 
men leaving the docks, demanding higher wages, apj^lying to the American 
friends to supply them with money to convey them out of the Kingdom; 
was all under the direction of L'd Sandwich, in order to bring the Americans 
under the penalty for inveigling the King's workmen out of the Kingdom. 
It was about to take effect, when one more honest than the rest of his fellows, 
disclosed the whole affair to the Alderman. This failing, their next plan is 
to make one Richardson, a native of this City, whome they have made an 
officer in the Guards, swear away the life of Sayre and it is apprehended of 
the others also. Is it possible that any one can expect anything from such 
abandoned villains. From them and their hellish plots, good Lord deliver 
us ! Our best respects to Sabine Ilall and believe me, dear Colonel, your 
aff 't friend and very humble servant." 

The following joint letter explains itself; it was written after the vote in 
the Virginia Assembly, by which Richard Henry Lee was defeated for Con- 
gress, with its implied censure of his conduct. 

" To the Lion. George Wythe, Speaker of the LI. of D.'s of Va." 
" Sir: \Ve shall be much obliged to you to inform the House of our 
warmest desire to have leave to return home immediately and that other 
gentlemen may be sent to fill our places. What passed in the House, pre- 
vious to the last election of Delegates, is well known. We do not presume 
to judge of the proceedings of the House other than as they affect our- 
selves; in which case we hope to be excused if Ave are determined by our 
own feelings. From what then passed, and our long and intimate acquaint- 
ance with Col. Lee, we are sorry to be obliged to think that hoAsever up- 
right our conduct may be, we may, while absent and engaged in a very 
painful service, in an instant be deprived of what we esteem most valuable, 
our reputation. It is impossible we could do our full duty, as we could 
wish, while our minds labour under such melancholy impressions. We love 
our Country and will cheerfully share its fate, whatever may be the issue of 
the present contest ; but we must be content to serve it in a more humble 
station, less exposed to envy, hatred and malice." 

(Signed) 

Mann Page, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Philadelphia, io June, 1777. 



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230 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

To Richard Henry Lee. 

" Philadelphia, June 30, 1776. Dear Brother: Our affairs in Canada 
are at length bro't to a .conclusion, and we have now to contend with all 
the had consequences, which have been apprehended froni the Enemy's 
being in possession of lliat Country. 

" Vou will see by the papers that Gen'l Thomson was sent with 2000 
men to dislodge a party of the Enemy at Trois Rivieres, but Gen'l Burgoyne 
having arrived wiili a considerable body of troops, our men v/ere obliged 
to retreat with the lo.s of 150; leaving the Gen'l and a few others in cap- 
tivity. Burgoyne i":rsucd his advantage, and our Generals found it abso- 
lutely necessary to retire out of the Country with their sick and dispirited 
army. The accounts of Burgoyne's force are from Sooo to 10,000. We 
cou'd not nuister above 3000, all the rest being ill with the Small pox. 

"Our arni}', being 7000 bro't off all their artillery, stores, baggage and 
provisions, having destroyed all the forts and bridges behind them thev are 
now at Crown P<-intj where they propose to make a stand against Burgoyne's 
army, assisted by Canadians and Indians ; by keeping the mastery of Lake 
Champlain, if possible, which is much to be doubted, as he has bro't with 
him a great numl^er of vessels ready framed. At New York General Wash- 
ington has not 10.000 men, and 50 of Howe's fleet are now at the hook. 
None of the militia is \-et come in, and Gen'l Washington is apprehensive 
they will not, till it is too late. And there is reason to fear they will never 
join the army at Crown Point for fear of the small \)ox, or if they do, that 
they v.'ill be rendered useless by it, add to all this, that it is certain great 
numbers in the province of N. York will join the Enemy; a horrid plot was 
latel}' discovered in the City to deli\'ei"up our army to the Enemy by spiking 
the cannon and blowing u\) the Maga/ine and some say to assassinate the 
Gen'l. We ha\-e not }'et the ijarticulars, but many are in goal ; they had 
del'aM.cljcd two o{ (he Gcn'ls guards, one of whom is executed. Thus you 
have a full view of tlie situation of our affairs; from which I dare say you 
will agree with me, that v,e are in a most perilous state, from which nothing 
but some extraordiiiary event can extricate us. We have advice, that the 
crew of one of tlic ships that sailed from this port last winter, loaded by 
the Congress, conHned th.e Cap't and carried her into Bristol, and discov- 
ered the signals by which all the other ships were to distinguish their friends 
from their Enemies i![)on their arrival on this Coast. I have nothing to 
ballancc this dismal acc't, but that we have taken about 700 of Frazer's 
highbinders; and that depending on the goodness of our cause, we have 
not lost our spirits. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. Z'jl 

" ist July. This day the resolve for independency was considered and 
agreed to in Com' tee of the Whole, two [States] dissented — S. Carolina 
and Pennsylvania. X. York did not vote, not being empower'd ; to- 
morrow it will pass the house with the concurrence of S. Carolina ; the 
Pennsylvania delegates' indulge their own wishes, tho' they acknowledge, 
what indeed every body knows, that they vote contrary to the earnest desires 
of the people. 

"This morning an unanimous vote of the Maryland Convention was 
bro't to Congress, empowering their delegates to concur in all points with 
Congress. All the colonies have declared their sense, except N. York, ^\hose 
new Convention, now chusing is to do the business. AVe expect you will 
join us in August, as soon as Government is settled ; indeed it will be 
necessary as Col. Braxton talks of going away in 3 weeks, and I suppose 
Col. Harrison will go early in August, which will leave us a bare representa- 
tion. 3 or 4 months will in a great measure decide the fate of America — 
Tho' I think, if our people keep up their spirits and are determined to be 
free, whatever advantage the Enemy may gain over us this summer and 
fall, we shall be able to deprive them of in the winter, and put it out of 
their power ever to injure us again. I confess I am uneasy, lest any con- 
siderable losses on our side, shou'd occasion such a panick in the Country, 
as to induce a submission. 

"The evil is coming, which I always dreaded, at the time when all our 
attention, every effort shou'd be to oppose the Enemy, we are disputing 
about Government and independence." 

To Dr. Walter Jones, Richmond county, Va. 

" Baltimore Febr'y 3d 1777. My dear friend: I this evening rec'd 
your Let'r by Mr. Sebastian, who I understand intends to leave this to-mor- 
row morning, tho' it is without date, yet by the contents I find it was wrote 
before you had heard of the change of our affairs : which I hope will some- 
thing forward the recruiting business. I agree with you that bad management 
has had a greater share in our bad success than fortune ; but is it to be won- 
dered at, plunged at once into an immense system, without anybody possessed 
of the knowledge requisite for the proper conducting the different depart- 
ments, which other nations have acquired by the experience of ages ; con- 
tinually pressed by a powerfull Enemy, so that the present emergency neces- 
sarily engrossed all our attention ; every necessary for a large .-Vrmy imme- 
diately to be procured in a Country which had depended for almost every- 
thing on foreigners. A number of internal enemies exerting all their faculties 
to frustrate our endeavours. All things considered, the wonder, I think, is 



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232 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

that we have succeeded so well. Yet if to these difficulties, short enlistments 
had not been added, I ihink we should have finislied the war this campaign; 
how that happen'd, I have before informed you. We are now much better 
provided with necessaries than we were this time twelve months, and expect 
additional supplies, tho' many will fall into the hands of the Enemy, who 
are well informed, and are now keeping a sharp lookout. I hope the 
frigates in our bay will not throw Virginia into a panic. This day we 
rec'd a copy of the Tyrant's sijeech to his venal Parliament ; he at length 
ackno'.vledges that he has an arduous task on harjd, and demands large sup- 
plies ; says, he is assured of the amicable disposition of all the powers of 
Europe, but whicli seems to give him the lie, urges them to put tlie King- 
dom into a i)osture of defence : jiities us for preferring the tyranny of fac- 
tious leaders to wholesome laws and liberty. You will soon see the curious 
piece in the papers. Nothing has happen'd of consequence, since the date 
of tlie inclosed : frerpient skirmishes, which for the most part are much in our 
favor, indeed it is pretty certain the Enemy's Ariiiy is mouldering fast with 
sickness, desertion and captures, which will ])revent their attempting any- 
thing of consequence, till reinforced; if Gen'l W. can keep enough of the 
\ Militia together till part of the new Army is raised. 

" Our Gen'l thro' the whole campaign, has shown himself vastly superior 
in abilities to the Enemy; and I am convinced if he now had 8,000 regu- 
lars, Howe wou'd soon have reason to \vish hiniself at Halifax. Such of 
your medicines as cou'd be got here I send by Mr. Crump, I hope you 
have rec'd them long e'er this : I need not tell you how happy it wou'd 
make nie to see you here. Morgan is displaced and Shippen is in his room, 
the sick in a much better way." 

"7*6' /:is ExcfUcncy President V/harton, Preside /:f of /he E. Supreme Coinicil 
of Penna., Lcuieasfer.'" 

" War Oflace, Dec. 30, 1777. Sir: Congress have received such un- 
expected and distressing accounts from the General relative to the situation 
of the Army, that they have appointed a committee to fall upon immediate 
methods for supplying them with provisions. I'hey are so much in want 
of an instant supply owing to delay and Embarrassments in the Commis- 
sary's Department and other unexpected causes that however plenty we shall 
have them in future, at present at least a Removal out of this State must be 
the immediate Consequence of even a short Continuance of their present Cir- 
cumstances. 

"An instant supply must be procured from this State for the support of 
the Army until :;he Supplies expected from the neighboring States arrive, as 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 233 

it may give Umliracre to the Inhabitants the Committee deplore the necessity 
they are under of sending Officers with Parties to collect such Cattle, Flour 
and Grain as the Army wants, without the least delay, as the crisis is too 
alarming to admit of the business being postponed on any consideration. 

" It will be improper to communicate the real Situation of the Army but 
with the utmost Prudence and caution. Your Excellency will therefore 
judge in what manner the Concurrence of this State is to be procured as 
their vignrous Exertions are necessary in Cooperation with those of the 
Committee, who will, at least, till they see the Business properly conducted 
as doubtless it will be by the Government of this State, be obliged to give 
Orders for the Taking, conveying and driving all Cattle, Hogs, Pork, Flour 
and Grain fit for their consumption to the Army, the Persons employed for 
this Purpose giving Certificates to the Owners expressing as nearly as pos- 
sible the Weight and Q.iality of them and agreeing to pay for them at such 
Prices as shall be settled by the Convention of Committees from the several 
States who are to meet at New Haven the 15th of Jan. next agreeable to a 
Resolution of Congress of the 2 2d Nov. last. 

I have the honor to be v,-ith great Respect 

Your very obedient Servant 

Francis Lightfoot Lee 

for the Committee." 

"The Committee requests you will be pleased to inform them whether 
the Proclamation ordering the Inhabitants of York and Cumberland Coun- 
ties to thresh out their Grain has been issued." 

"Richmond, 13 Nov., 17S0. My Dearest Love : I, this moment, had 
the pleasure o^" your letter by Jupiter. You are wrong indeed my Love, to 
confine yourself so much at home. I beg you will endeavour to amuse your- 
self, so much anxiety and gloomishness is enough to give you headache, 
which for my sake pray avoid ; for nothing can compensate to me, for your 
want of health. Sutton's behaviour vexes uie much ; I cannot conceive^what 
the fellow can mean. I now write to Iiim. The small quantity of peas 
really surprises me, there were several bushels in the field when I left home ; 
they have certainly let the fowls and other things eat them up. As Garland 
cannot supply oil for the leather, tallow, with a very little butter, w ill answer 
the purpose ; please to weigh what you furnish that I may know whether 
It is properly used. Your sui)ply of cash, gave me pleasure, as it was one 
more instance, added to thousands, of your affection ; but upon the whole 
I could not help being a little angry at your having disfurnished yourself; 
small as it was it might have been of some little use to you, here it is as a 



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234 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

drop in the ocean. Indeed, my dear, you must not suppose that I can 
have any enjo\n:ent in which you liave not a share. 

"Mr. Joe Jones, R. H. L. and myself are in pretty good lodgings, 
Mr. Page left us a few days agoe, having received advice that his father, 
who had got homej was in a very dangerous way. I suppose he will not 
return. I am now well, the cold in my head being nearly gone. There is 
no prospect of tlie Assembly rising till Christmas, but you may be assured 
I will get off as soon as possible. I cannot say at present when that may 
be, for we have not yet a senate ; but I hope we shall soon have some mem- 
bers to spare. As soon as I see a prospect I will inform you of it. In the 
meantime, let me again in treat you to fall upon some method of deverting 
yourself, either by going abroad or inviting others to join you at Menokin, 
or both. 

" We have nothing new since my last ; by the motion of the Enemy 
below, it looks as if they meant to winter there; in which case, they will 
give us a good deal of trouble ; but at the same time, they give us an open- 
ing for a good .stroke in our favour, if the French force should come upon 
our coast, which is not improbable. Love to Miss Sally and other friends, 
I am dearest Becky }our ever affectionate," etc. 

P. S. — '•' The milch cows will have the fresh gathered corn-fields to run 
in, where I exj^ect they will have plenty of good food ; therefore it will be 
better not to stall them yet, as we have a long winter to go thro." 

"Menokin, 30 April, 1795. My Dear Brother [William]: I can 
readily conceive, and it is with very great concern, the distressed situation 
you must be in ; and it gives me pain when I reflect how little it is in my 
power to assist you. Mrs. Lee and myself are little fitted for the fatigues 
of travelling ; she, thank God ! seems recovering from her long ill state 
of health; but I have no reason to expect otherways than a regular decline 
of the small portion of bodily powers that I at present possess; for the last 
twelve months, I feel the decline very sensibly. ^Vere we ourselves in a 
proper situation we have at present no conveniency for travelling. 

"I can't but siill flatter m)-5elf that the good weather of May will 
enable you to bear easy travelling, which would probably contribute much 
to restore you to a tolerable btate of health. As to worldly matters, I think 
you should make your mind easy on that score; you will at all events leave 
a sufficiency to your children, to make them hajip}-, unless they are much 
wanting to themselves; iii which case millions would be insufficient. 

" It gives me conifort that there is a prosjicct of procuring you a house- 
keeper, who will remove many of your domestic inconveniences. Mr. 



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STRATFOUD LINK, FOURTH GENERATION. 235 

Aylett Lee is seriously very confident that he can procure one against whom 
there is no ohjcction ; but tliat she is high spirited and keeps very strict 
hand upon the servants ; the excess of which may, I think, with a little 
prudence be qualified: tho' a Scotch woman, he says, from particular 
acquainlaiice, he knows her to be very cleanly. He has just left us for the 
district court at Fredericksburg, where he is to make the necessary inquiries, 
settle matters and write you by post. 

"I am so very little in the world and find it so impossible to get any- 
body to do any business for me, that I am obliged to have recourse to Mr. 
Wilson for a bill for Mr. Thorp; but I have reason to hope it will not fail 
a second time. The world seems crazy, and we old people must scuffle 
with it, as well as we can, for our few days of existence. With the warmest 
wishes that you may recover a better state of health, I am, my dear Brother, 
yours most affectionately." 

P. S. — '• 1 thank you for leaving settled the duties on ray goods at Nor- 
folk, and intended to have sent you the ^^ly los. gd. by Mr. Greenlaw, but 
he has sent for our letters, it not being convenient to call himself" 

William Lee. 

20. ^\"ILLIAM^ the seventh son of Thomas Lee ^ (Richard ^ Richard^), 
and Har.nali Ludwell, his wife, was born at Stratford on the 31st of August, 
1739 ; his daughter Cornelia has recorded his death in these words : "Green- 
spring, Virginia. Saturday 27 June, 1795, at 20 minutes after six in the 
afternoon, my dearest Father was taken from this turbulent and mortal 
state, after a lingering Illness of ten months, a;t. 55 years 9 months and 
27 days. On the 28th June at 6 o'clock the precious remains were 
interred in James Town Church Yard at the south end of the graves of my 
Great Grc'mdfath.er and Grandmother Ludwell." 

While residing at London, Mr. Lee had married his cousin, Hannah 
Philippa, daughter of Philip Ludwell and Frances Grymes, his wife; she 
was born at " Greenspring," the 21st of December, 1737; and died as 
stated by her daughter, Cornelia, on "the iSth of August, 1784, My dear 
Mother Hannah Philippa Lee resigned her pure unspotted Soul into the 
hands of her Merciful Creator at the house of Mr. Edward Brown in Ostend, 
in Austrian Flanders, xt. 46 years 8 months, where she had gone on her 
way from Ostend to England. Her remains were deposited in the family 
Vault of the Ludwells in l^ow Church Yard near London. She was the 
eldest daughter and co -heiress of the Hon'ble Philip Ludwell, Esq.. of 
Greenspring, Virg'a, and was married on Tuesday the 7th of March, 1769, 
to William Lee, fourth son of the Hon'ble Thomas Lee of Stratford 



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236 LEE OF VIRGINIA. * 

Virginia, in St. Clements Dane Church in the City of Westminster, 
G. B." 

The Greenspring mansion, once famous in the history of early Virginia, 
was built by Sir \\'illiam Berkeley; probably just previous to his marriage 
with the beautiful widow, Mrs. Stephens. Greenspring was situated about 
five miles from Jamestown, and about two from the James Pviver. During 
Berkeley's life, Greenspring was practically the seat of the government, 
and his party were kno^vn as the "Greenspring faction." After his death, 
his widow married Philip Ludwell, a widower, who lived near-by, and again 
the mansion became the centre of political manceuvering. Mrs. Ludwell 
always called herself " Lady Berkeley;" she left this estate to her husband, 
and he, in turn, to his son. So it descended until it came into the posses- 
sion of the two daughters of the third Philip Ludwell ; one of whom mar- 
ried ^\^illiam Lee, as stated ; the other married John Paradise, of London, 
and lived there. (For further notice of the Ludv/ell family see under sketch 
of Thomas Lee, number 5.) 

Of the early life and education of William Lee nothing is known ; pre- 
sumably he was educated at home, as was his brother, Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
He first appeared on record as one of the signers, in February, 1766, of 
the famous resolutions of the patriots of the Northern Neck. Very shortly 
after this, he must have gone to settle in London as a Virginian Mer- 
chant ; his brother Arthur accompanied him to study law at the Temple. 
The two brothers appear to have soon become interested in the political 
questions of the hour, which were of the most exciting nature ; to the general 
questions of political character, were, there, added those of a local nature, 
and the two combined kept the London merchants greatly excited. For an 
American, the mercantile business appears to have been simply the selling 
of tobacco and buying manufactured goods to send out in return for the 
tobacco; in the royal exchange there was "the Virginia Walk," where 
merchants, interested in Colonial trading, chiefly conducted their business. 
William Lee seems to have divided his time between mercantile and political 
pursuits; tor he had not been long in London before he was engaged very 
actively in its local politics. His numerous letters, home, were about 
equally divided between politics and business, and it is probable that these 
letters kept .-Vmericans well intormed as to the trend of opinion in England. 
Frum the earliest date, he warned them they could not expect any redress 
from the British ministry ; that their only alternatives were surrender or 
war. 

"In May, 1775, the alderman of .\ldgate ward, John Shakespeare, 
died, and a ward-mote was held at Iron-mongers' Hall to elect a successor. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. tJJ 

. . . Mr. Lee was elected, and made a ' spirited s{)eech ' to the electors, 
summarized by the Loui/on C/ironir/i' as follows: — 'He assured them, that 
though he was elected for life, he should ahvays think himself accountable 
to them for the discharge of the trust reposed in him. That as a public 
magistrate, he should attend the dispensation of justice with care and 
assiduity ; and as their particular magistrate, he should endeavor to promote 
and maintain harmonv, peace, and good order in the ward. He said that 
as to his public principles, he held the free constitution of this country 
sacred and inestimable, which, as the source and security of all our happi- 
ness, it was the duty of every honest man to defend from violation ; that 
therefore it should ever be his care, by every exertion and at every hazard, 
to resist the arbitrary encroachments of the Crown and its Ministers, upon 
the rights of the citizens, and the liberties of the people.' 

" ^As an American, he declared it was his wish that the union between 
Great Britain and the colonies might be re-established, and remain forever, 
but that constitutional liberty must be the sacred bond of that union. He 
considered the attempts of the present administration against Ainerican 
liberty, as a plain prelude to the invasion of freedom in this country; but 
he trusted, that the virtue of the Americans, aided by the friends of freedom 
here, would teach the tories of this day, as their ancestors had been happily 
taught, how vain a thing it is to attempt wrestling their liberties from a 
people determined to defend them.' 

"Mr. Lee was sworn in on the 14th of June, and after the meeting 
was over 'went in the state coach with the Lord Mayor to the Mansion 
House, where he was elegantly entertained by his Lordship, with a number 
of other guests.' " (From the Letters of JViluav: Lee, edited by W. C. 
Ford, 1S91, 26-7.) 

Thus, the beginning of the Revolution found Mr. Lee holding the office 
of sheriff in London, yet bound by all ties of kindred and by his business 
interests to the cause of the Colonies. " His connections and opinions 
were well known in the city and to the government, and he, with his 
brother Arthur, were soon objects of suspicion to the ministry. It was not 
surprising, therefore, to find in the English Records Office some letters from 
William to his brothers in Virginia that the administration had intercepted ; 
and the contents of these missives fully justified the suspicion of the minis- 
try of his disloyalty, and arouse in us a feeling of surprise that the writer was 
not seized or his usefulness as an agent of America repressed." (^Lbid., 44.) 

In 1775, Alderman Lee accompanied the Lord Mayor and other city 
dignitaries to St. James to present to the King "an humble address and 
petition," praying for the suspension of all " operations of force," etc. 



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238 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

About the 21st of April, 1777, Mr. Lee received notice of his appointment 
as commercial agent for the Continental Congress in France; subsequently, 
in September, 1777, he was appointed to represent the Colonies at the courts 
of Berlin and Vienna; to the latter city he went on a fruitless errand; his 
brother, Arthur, going in his place to Berlin, and was likewise unable to gain 
any substantial results from that court. Later on, William Lee accepted the 
position of representative at The Hague, where he was able to conclude a 
treaty with the Dutch, which exerted son:ie moral influence, though not of 
practical value. It is claimed that Mr. Lee was one of the earliest origi- 
nators of the move which finally secured the treaty of "armed neutrality," 
which was to protect the freedom of commerce against the exactions of 
England. This treaty was of considerable value to America, as it enabled 
them to secure supplies from friendly nations in Europe, and if Mr. Lee 
was instrumental in gaining this treaty he rendered his country a valuable 
service. 

Both William and Arthur Lee soon became involved in disputes v ith 
their colleagues, and were antagonized in their efforts by these quarrels. 
This unfortunate antagonism greatly enfeebled the commissioners in their 
efforts to serve their country. Finally the quarrel grew so bitter that the 
Congress recalled them and sent other agents abroad. It is not within the 
purpose of this work to discuss political questions, therefore the various 
causes which led to these quarrels cannot be considered here; it is, how- 
ever, only just to the Lees to state that they were supported in their views 
by many of the truest patriots of the time, and subsequent disclosures 
would seem to prove the justness of their contentions. Though he felt 
himself to have been most unjustly treated, William Lee maintained a 
dignified silence, being "so patriotic as to submit his plea to Congress 
and tlien remain inactive," as the evidently prejudiced editor of his 
"Letters" puts the case. He remained in Europe until about 1784, 
when he returned to America, and resided on his estate, Greenspring ; 
the last years of his life were saddened by poor health and almost total 
blindness. A three-volume edition of the Letters of William Lee have 
recently been published by Mr. W. C. Ford, of Brooklyn. A perusal of 
these letters (and they are only a small part of his letters remaining, pre- 
served in his letter-books) show the writer to have been a true, honest and 
very energetic patriot. 

As so many of his letters are in print now, only a few of them are 
given in this sketch. One to his kinsman, Thomas Sim Lee of Maryland, 
is interesting. \Vriting under date of loth December, 17S0, from Brussels, 
he said : 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. S39 

" Dear Sir, — I embrace ihe eailicL-it opportunity of congratulating you 
on the signal honor done, by your country, to your merit and abiHties, by 
appointing you their governor; and, though the period is trying and diffi- 
cult, I have no doubt of your acquitting yourself in the impurtant station 
to the advantage of your country and credit of yourself. . . . 

"You have been frequently advised of the enemy's plan against North 
Carolina, Virginia, and Mar\iand, which was adopted since receiving ad- 
vice of the capture of Charleston ; and, to facilitate the business, many 
suspicious characters, natives of those Slates, that have been in England, 
doing no good to us, for some years past, have been ordered to their re- 
spective countries to aid the enemy's designs by creating division, confu- 
sion, and disturbance in your councils and operations. Should any such 
characters now come among you, especially if they have passed through 
the enemy's quarters, you cannot be too attentive to their motions and con- 
duct. It is said that they have permission from the British ministry to 
take the oaths to their respective States, for reasons obvious. By Leslie's 
expedition to the Chesapeake, part of the enemy's grand plan has begun to 
be executed ; and if Leslie succeeds in making any establis]:iment in Vir- 
ginia or North Carolina, next spring's campaign will be opened with the 
greater part of the British force against Virginia and Maryland, in which 
case your country will act with sound wisdom and policy by affording every 
powerful assistance to Virginia, which will surely prove the most effectual 
method to prevent the horrors of war from waging in their own country, 
and the flames from seizing their own homes. Every State will show its 
wisdom in choosing the most able and honest men among them, and who 
have interest of their own to lose, to represent them in Congress. The 
system of general and long-continued embargoes on the export of grain and 
provisions ai-ipears to be bad policy, as they naturally tend to produce 
scarcity, and, in bad seasons, even a famine, by discouraging agriculture. 
Your operations seem to have been much distracted by the depreciation of 
your paper currency : the only solid remedy seems to be in the power of 
Congress ; and perhaps it hcOs hitherto been neglected because it is plain and 
simple. A fund established in Europe (v^-hich might be established by a 
loan, until by the export of your commodities, it might be supported on 
easier terms to America), and sacredly appropriated to the sole use of paying 
the interest annually of the paper money, would, in a little time, establish 
the credit and currency of your paper on as solid a basis as the bank-notes 
of England or Holland ; and by this means, with your jjaper, you would 
be enabled to procure supplies for your army on much better terms than 
you have done hitherto. The plan of conducting such a business is so 



:..,' r; 



34© LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

plain, that I shall only add my sincere wishes that it may speedily be 
adopted. 

"The Britisli ministry have certainly pron;ised Gen. Clinton to send 
him in the spring a re-enforcement of ten tliousand men, including 
the recruits for the German corps now in America. Perliaps some may flat- 
ter you that the enemy will not be able to procure such a number to send ; 
but I request you not to deceive yourselves, and be inattentive to your true in- 
terests, by relying on such rumors, or the foreign aid that may be promised 
you from Europe; no people can be in safety that rely on another for pro- 
tection. France is indeed very powerful, both by sea and land, and will, 
no doubt, act vigorously against the common enemy ; but so many acci- 
dents and untoward circumstances have intervened to render abortive all 
the attempts they have hitherto made to assist us, that, in common sense 
and prudence, you ought not to trust to aid that must come from Europe. 
If it does come, so much the better, as you may then finish tlie war at once ; 
but place your confidence on yourselves alone, and then you cannot be 
essentially hurt. 

"The Dutch have at last formally acceded, and so has the King of 
Prussia, to the treaty of armed neutrality, as j*roposed last spring by tlie 
Empress of Russia, and since entered into by Sweden and Denmark. The 
object of this great and powerful league is to support the freedom of gen- 
eral commerce and navigation against the unwarrantable pretensions of 
Great Britain ; tlierefore she must now quietly permit France and Spain to 
be supplied with naval stores for the support of their navy, or enter into a 
war with this tremendous confederacy. It is, however, impossible for her 
to resist, which must finally give the superiority to France and S^jain. I 
feel no little pleasure in communicating to you the completion, so far, of 
this confederacy, as the first traces were laid b}" m)-self two _\ears ago; and 
if Congress had now in Europe ministers properly authorized to negotiate 
with those powers, it would not be difficult to obtain a general acknowl- 
edgment from them of the independence of America, which was my ulti- 
mate object in forming the outlines of this scheme, 

"The public news in England you will sec in all the papers that go 
by this conveyance; so that I have only to recommend to you, in the 
most pressing manner, a vigorous exertion, unanimity, and confidence in 
yourselves, which may, in all probability, end the war this year in your 
favor. 

" We humbly present our respectful compliments to your worthy lady, 
and beg you to believe me to be, at all times, dear sir, your affectionate 
relation, and most obedient, humble servant." 



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340 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

plain, that I shall only add niy sincere wishes that it may speedily be 
adopted. 

"The Britisli ministry have certainly proujised Gen. Clinton to send 
him in the spring a re-enforcement of ten thousand men, including 
the recruits for the German corps now in America. Perhaps soi"ne may flat- 
ter you that the enemy will not be able to procure such a number to send ; 
but I request you not to deceive yourselves, and be inattentive to your true in- 
terests, by relying on such rumors, or the foreign aid that may be promised 
you from Europe; no people can be in safety that rely on another for pro- 
tection. France is indeed very powerful, both by sea and land, and will, 
no doubt, act vigorously against the common enemy ; but so many acci- 
dents and untoward circumstances have intervened to render abortive all 
the attempts they have hitherto made to assist us, that, in common sense 
and prudence, you ought not to trust to aid that must conie from Europe. 
If it does come, so much the better, as you may then finish the war at once ; 
but place your confidence on yourselves alone, and then you cannot be 
essentially hurt. 

"The Dutch have at last formally acceded, and so has the King of 
Prussia, to the treaty of armed neutrality, as proposed last spring by tlie 
Empress of Russia, and since entered into by Sueden and Denmark. The 
object of this great and powerful league is to support the freedom of gen- 
eral commerce and navigation against the unwarrantable pretensions of 
Great Britain ; therefore she must now quietly permit France and Spain to 
be supplied with naval stores for the support of their navy, or enter into a 
war with this tremendous confederacy. It is, however, impossible for her 
to resist, which must finally give the superiority to France and Spain. I 
feel no little pleasure in communicating to you the completion, so far, of 
this confederacy, as the first traces were laid by myself two \ears ago ; and 
if Congress had now in Europe ministers properly authorized to negotiate 
with those powers, it would not be difiicult to obtain a general acknowl- 
edgment from them of the independence of America, which was my ulti- 
mate object in forming the outlines of tliis scheme. 

"The public news in England you will see in all the papers that go 
by this conveyance; so that I have only to recommend to you, in the 
most pressing manner, a vigorous exertion, unanimity, and confidence in 
yourselves, which may, in all probabilitv, end the war this year in your 
favor. 

" We humbly present our respectful compliments to your worthy lady, 
and beg you to believe me to be, at all times, dear sir, your affectionate 
relation, and most obedient, humble servant." 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION'. 24 1 

To his brother, Arthur Lee, he wrote from Ostend, under date of the 
22d of June, 1783 : 

" My Dear Brother : I have been here with my son ten daies waiting 
to embark in the Vir^inid, Capt. Robinson, p"" James River in Virginia. 
We shall sail in two daies certainly if the wind permits, but as we are to call 
at Madeira this is sent by a vessel from this port to Baltimore; and if she 
has a quick passage this may reach you some time before we arrive. There- 
fore wish you to write immediately to R. H. L. to prepare to come down 
to Green Spring, with his son Tom, to meet me, for I shall have great 
occasion to see them and our brother Loudoun^ imniediately on my arrival. 
Therefore shall send an ex[)ress to them for that jnirpose the moment I get 
on shore. Can I get three or four carriage horses in Virginia, or are they 
to be got cheaper or better at Philadelphia? If they are, can you purchase 
two good ones for me, and contrive them to Green Spring by the middle of 
September at farthest? If you can, I shall be obliged to you for doing so, 
but remember I can't afford to give above 30 or 35;^ Virginia currency 
apiece for siout, good, and young carriage horses from four to six years 
old. In August last I sent you some papers. They were directed under 
cover to the President of Congress, then by Mrs. Izard put up in a packet 
with her own letters, directed to her husband, and delivered iiito the hands 
of Gen'l l^uPortail. If you have not received these letters, may inquire of 
Mr. Izard and Gen'l DuP. about them. 

" English and French news you will have more authentic and fresh 
from England and France than this could carry to you. It seems pretty 
certain that war is by this time commenced between Russia and the Turks. 
The Envperor will certainly join Russia, and in this case many think that 
France and even England will assist the Turks. If so. the war v.-ill be gen- 
eral in ]un-ope. I have just rccei\-ed }our favor of the 19th of .\pril from 
Alexandria with its inclosures, for which I greatly thank you. Adieu till I 
see you." 

Mr. Lee sailed from Ostend on the last day of June, and arrived at 
Greenspring, after a tedious voyage, on the 25th of September. {Letters 
of William Lee, 946.) 

Under date of 24th of April he had written to John Adams : " I pro- 
pose to embark for Virg^ in three weeks from this time, but in order to 
make my passage convenient I have been obliged to purchase a ship " 
(//'/</., 944). 

The correspondence between ^Villian1 Lee and his kinsman, the Rev. 



' Hi» brother, F. L. Lee. 
16 






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242 LKE OK VIRGINIA. 

Henry Lee, warden of Winchester College, England, will be read with in- 
terest, as it is chiefly on family history : 

To Dr. H. Lee, dated 9 September, 1771. "Sir: It gave me much 
pleasure to find t"rom a conversation the other day with Mr. Batson, my 
banker, who spoke very highly in your praise, that we were of the same 
family. He tells me that you are the 2d son of L. Lee, Esqr. , late of Cotton 
in Shropsliire, and that your elder Brother Lancelot, is now abroad at Aix, 
for the recovery of his health. I know your fiither corresponded with mine, 
who was of the King's privy Council in Virginia, and when he died Presi- 
dent and Commander-in-chief over that Colony ; and I remember, when a 
little boy in Virginia, to have seen and read a very sensible letter, and well 
written, frona your father to mine, giving an accurate genealogical account 
of our family from so old a date as the Saxon government in this country ; 
from which jieople, I am sure, he traced the descent of our famil}'. From 
that accoiuU, it appeared that the Cotton family was the eldest branch and 
his immediate predecessor, who went to Virginia about one hundred and 
thirty years ago as Secretary and of the King's Privy Council, v,as a younger 
brother. I remember one observation he made, which struck my young 
mind very forcibly. He said, ' 'Tis ^\orthy of remark, that, in so long 
a period, there has bieen neither spendthrift nor usurer in the family; the 
children moderately using the patrimon}' left them, without adding much to 
the store, by which means they have always continued independent ; and, 
not being ambitious, they have kept nearly the same rank in life through so 
many centuries as the original stock was in, which is more than can be said 
of most families in the kingdom ': which remark 'is surprisingly verified by 
the family in Virginia, which has continued from father to son, to be placed 
in the highest offices of honour in the colonies ever since the first Richard 
Lee, my great-grandfather, who went over there one hundred and thirty 
years ago to this very day ; and I believe every inch of property left at his 
death (which was considerable) is now in the possession of his immediate 
descendants. As your fother was a gentleman of learning and observation, 
I do not doubt his having left behind him some historical account of our 
family, and I shall be particularly obliged to you for gi\ing me what infor- 
mation you can about it, as I am most anxious to know all the different 
branches in this country. Pray, is not the Earl of Litchfield of our family? 
For he has the name, and, I think bears our arms, or have we any relations 
in or near London, aj I find there are many of our name? I shall be 
glad to hear of your brother's recovery ; and, if he comes through London 
on h-is return. I shall be happy to see him on Great Tower Hill, where 
I shall hope for the honour of a visit from you when you come to 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 243 

Town ; and I shall with pleasure render you any services here that are in 
my power. 

** I am, with great respect. Reverend Sir, Your most obedient servant 
and Kinsman." 

Rev. Henry Lee to William Lee:^ 

" Sir, I return you Thanks for your civil and polite Letter and likewise 
my good Friend Mr. Batson for making me known to you. I wish it was in 
my Power to give you that Intelligence which you so earnestly desire of y' 
Genealogy of our Family. The Pedigree which my Father left behind 
him is now in the Possession of m\' elder Brother, which to the best of my 
Remembrance traces our Family from the Saxon Government. As he is 
abroad, I cannot procure it from him, but I have sent to another Relation, 
who I believe has a copy of it. As to myself, being a younger Brother, I 
never made a deep Inquiry into the Origin of our Family. As far as my 
knowledge extends I will reveal to you. My Grandfather, Thos. Lee who 
v>-as a Barrister of La»\-, Lincolns Inn, married a Daughter of John Eldred 
of Great Saxham in Norfolk, from which Alliance I'm related to William of 
Wykeham. He left several children, the eldest was my I-'ather, another son 
who settled in \A'iltbhire and has left children behind him. The third, a 
clergyman, who had Issue, but are now dead. The Heir to the Lee in 
Wiltshire is a young nian in the Army. He has two Brothers and several 
sisters. The second is a Linen Draper in London, and the youngest is now 
at school here and upon the Foundation as a Founders Kinsman. He is 
one of the Senior Boys of the school and I hope will soon succeed to New 
College in Oxford. My own Family are numerous, one Brother and seven 
Sisteis, who are married and dispers'd. As soon as I can get a perfect 
account of our Family you shall hear from me. In the mean Time, if you 
shou'd have a Desire of seeing your young Relation whom you have been 
so kind as to send to Winchester School, you will make my Wife and me 
extremely happy by favouring us with your Company. You may depend 
upon it, I shall not fail pacing my Respects to you the first Time I go to 
London. My Brothers Wife is now with me, she leaves me Friday next in 
order to go to her Husband. He gives but a very indifferent /Vccount of 
himself in his Letters. I shall desire my Sister to communicate the Con- 
tents of your Letter to him. We are not related to the Earl of Litchfield. 
There is a Doctor Lee in London, a Phy.-.ician and I'm inform'd bears our 
.•\rms. Whether he is related to us, or not, I know not. My Sister and 



* Dated Win; Col!: 13 September, 1771. 



844 ^^^ <^f VIRGINIA. 

V.'ife join me in Comp'". to you. With Dear Sir, Your most obedient Serv- 
ant and Kinainan, (Signed) Harry Lee." 

William Lee to Rev. Henry Lee : 

" London, 26 Ociober, 1771. — Sir. I am afraid \ou will hardly forgive 
me for not answering sooner, )our very kind and obliging favour of the 
12th ulto.; but the true reason is, that my friend being out of Town, I 
waited his return to get a Frank, to inclose you a short account of our 
Family, since the first Richard Lee went to Virginia, in return for the 
account you so obligingly promise to procure for me. What I have written 
is all from memory, tho' I believe pretty accurate ; but after it was written 
I have found in an old manuscript, this inscription taken from a cup in the 
University of Oxford : ' Coll : Reg : Oxon. Inscript : Cyath : Johann : 
Lee. Coll : Reg : Oxon. D. D. Johann : Lee natus in Capahowasick 
Wickacomoco in Mrginia American, filius primogenitus Richardi Lee Chili- 
archre oriundi de Morton Regis in agro Salopiensi : 1659.' This John Lee 
was ihe eldest son of my Great Grandfather, Richard Lee, who dyed as I 
have mentioned in Virginia and unmarried, before his Father. The L)r. 
Lee in London, v.-hom you mention, is I presume mv younger brother. It 
perhaps may be in my way to be of some service to the Mr. Lee who is in 
London, therefoie should be glad to know the street he lives in. From 
some further con\eisation with Mr. Batson, I am inclined to think it must 
be your Brother that corresponded with my Father, Thomas Lee of Strat- 
ford in Virginia: since the letter I tbrmerly mentioned was wrote about the 
time of the famous contest in Bridgenorth for a member of Parliament in 
the latter days of Sir Robert 'Walpole. 

" I have no doubt of Master Turberville's receiving all the benefit that 
can be desired from your College as he has good parts and I hope good dis- 
positions; any countenance you show him will always be thankfully acknowl- 
edged by me. I am well convinced that London is an exceeding improper 
place for boys or young men, more especially when not under the imme- 
diate control of their parents, for which reason it will give me much con- 
cern if there should be a necessity of Master Turberville's coming up at the 
two vacations. I some time ago wrote to Dr. Warton on this subject, but 
he has never yet favoured me with an answer. It appears to me a very 
eligible plan, if it can be executed, at those periods to procure a master for 
him, either in \N'inchester or some neighboring Clergyman, who might 
instruct him in Geography, Mathematics or Arithmetic; or to amuse him 
with the reading of History and country exercises. 

. " Vou will oblige me much by giving me your sentiments on it, or by 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH CEN'ERATION. 245 

proposing some other plan that you more approve of, that will answer the 
ends of improving his understanding and keeping his niorals untainted. 

" It will give me much pleasure to hear of your Brother's recovering his 
health and whenever you and your Lady pay a visit to this Metropolis, Mrs. 
Lee and myself will be very happy to see you on Tower Hill. During the 
Winter my time will be too much taken up with necessary business to admit 
of the pleasure I should receive in kissing your hands at Winchester but I 
will flatter myself with that happiness next Summer. I beg my respectful! 
Compliments may be presented to your Lady and that you will believe me 
to be with great regard. Dear Sir, Your most Obedient, Humble Servant and 
Relation." 

While residing in London, William Lee wrote, as he mentioned in the 
preceding letter, an account of the Virginia family; this paper has never 
been published in full, or accurately. The following copy is taken from 
William Lee's original manuscript, now in the possession of \Villiam Black- 
stone Lee, Esq., of Seend, Wiltshire, who has kindly furnished it. 

Dated London, September, 1771. — " Richard Lee, of a good family in 
Shropshire (and whose Picture. I am told is now at Cotton, near Bridge- 
north, the seat of Launcelot Lee. Esqr.), some time in the Reign of Charles 
the first, went over to tlie Colony of Virginia, as Secretar} and one of the 
King's Privy Council, which last post will for shortness hereafter be called 
of the 'Council.' He \\as a man of good Stature, comely visage, an en- 
terprising genius, a sound head, vigorous spirit and generous nature. When 
he got to Virginia, which was at that time not much cultivated, he was so 
pleased with the Countr)- that he made large settlements there with the 
servants he had carried over; at'ter some years, he returned to England and 
gave awa_\- all the lands he had taken up, and settled, at his own expense, to 
those servants he had fixed on them ; some of whose descendants are now 
possessed of very considerable Estates in that Colony. 

" .-\fter staying some time in England, he returned again to Virginia, 
with a fresh band of adventurers, all of whom he settled there. During the 
civil war here Sir William Berkeley was Governor of Virginia, he and Lee, 
being Loyalists, kept the Colony to its allegiance; so that after the death 
of Charles the ist Cromwell was obliged to send some Ships of War and 
Soldiers to reduce the Colony, which not being well able to resist, a Treaty 
was made with the Commonwealth of England, wherein Virginia was styled 
an independent dominion. This Treaty was ratified here, as made with a 
foreign Power, upon which Sir William Berkeley (who was of the same 
family with the pre'=;ent Earl of Berkeley) was removed and another Gov- 



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246 LEF, OF VIRGINIA. 

ernour appointed in liis roo.n. When Charles the 2d was at Breda, Richard 
Lee came over from Virginia and went there to him to know if he could 
undertake to ])rotect the Colony if they returned to their allegiance to him ; 
but Finding no sup^port could be obtained, he returned to Virginia and re- 
mained quiet until the deatii of O. Cromwell: when he, with the assistance 
of Sir William lierkeley, contrived to get K. Charles the 2d proclaimed 
there King of England, Scotland, France, Ireland and Virginia, two years 
before he was restored here; and Sir William Berkeley was reinstated as his 
Governour, in which station he continued till some time after the Restora- 
tion, when he came over here and dyed presently. It was in consequence 
of this step that the motto to the Virginia arras always till after the Union, 
was * En dat Virginia quintam,' but since the Union it was changed to 
' P^n dat Virginia quartam,' tliat is King of Great Britain, France, Ireland 
and Virginia. 

" Here by the way I canjiot help remarking the extreme ingratitude of 
this Prince, Charles the 2d. Oliver Cromwell to punish Virginia, and 
some other parts of America, for adhering so firmly to the Royal Cause, 
at'ter he had got himself quite fixed in his Supreme Authority both here and 
there, contrived the famous Navigation Act, upon a model he borrowed 
from the Dutch ; by whicli the American Colonies v>-ere deprived of many 
of their ancient and valual)]c privileges; upon the Restoration, instead of 
repealing this act, it was confirmed by the wliole legislature here, and to 
add to the ingratitude, at two other periods in his reign. Taxes were im- 
posed on American commodities under the pretext of Regulations of Trade, 
from which wicked source have flowed all the bitter waters that are now- 
likely to overwhelm America, or this country and most probably will be 
in the end the ruin of both. 

" But to rt-turn. Thi:, Richard Lee had several children ; the two eld- 
est, John and Richard, were educated at Oxford. John took his degrees 
as Doctor of Physic, and returning to Virginia, dyed before his Father.' 
Richard was so clever and learn 'd that some great men offered to promote 
him to the highest dignities in the church if his Father would let him stay 
in England ; but this offer was refused, because the old Gentleman was de- 
termined to fix all his children in Virginia, and so firm was he in this pur- 
pose that by his will he ordered an Estate he had in England, (I think) 
near Stratford by-Bow in Middlesex, at that time worth 8 or ^900 per 



1 .-Xs clo.xrly sK^wn elsewhere (see page 63), this stateri'.eut is erroneous. John evidently died .ibout 
uinc years afirr h's f.ithcr. But he apparently died without issue, and so left Richard heir to his father and 
head of the f.inuly. U was probably knowledtje of this latter fact that led to the statement tliat John died 
before his father. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 247 

annum to be sold, and the money to be divicied among his children. He 
dyed and was buried in Virginia, leaving a nunierous progeny, whose names 
I have chiefly forgot. His eldest son, then living, was Richard, who spent 
almost his whole life in study and usually wrote his notes in Greek, Hebrew, 
or I-atin, many of which are now in Virginia ; so that he neither improved 
or diminished his paternal Estate, though at that time he might with ease 
have acquired, what would produce at this day a most princely revenue. He 
was of the Council in Virginia, and also in other offices of honour and profit, 
though they yielded little to him. He married a Corbin, into which family 
his Predecessors in England had before married, but the name was then 
spelt Corbyn or Corbyne, I think of Staffordshire. From this marriage he 
had, and left beliind him when he dyed, in Virginia, which was some time 
after the Revolution, five sons, Richard, Phili}), Francis, Thomas, Henry, 
and one Daughter. Richard settled in London, as a Virginia merchant, in 
partnership with one Thomas Corbin, a brother of his mother's ; he mar- 
ried an heiress, in England, l>y the name of Silk, and by her left one son, 
George, and two daughters, I.ettico and Martha; all of these three children 
went to Virginia and settled. George married a Wormeley llicre, ^\ho dyed 
leaving one daughter ; then he married a Fairfax, nearly related to Lord 
Fairfax of Vorkshire, and dyed leaving, by his last marriage, three sons, 
that are now niinors, and are at school in England under the care of Ish. 
James Russell. Let lice married a Corbin and her sister married a Turbcr- 
ville; their eldest children intermarried, from which union George Lee 
Turberville, now at Schoi:>l at W'inton College, is the oldest issue. Philip, 
the second son, went to Maryland, where he married and settled. He was 
one of the Proprietor's Council ; and dyed leaving a very numerous Family, 
that are now branched out at large over the whole Province, and are in plen- 
tiful circumstances. I'he eldest son, Richard, being now a member of the 
Projirietor's Council. Francis, the third son, dyed a Patchelor. Thomas, 
the fourth son, though with none but a common Virginia Education, yet 
having strong natural parts, long after he was a man, he learned the Lan- 
guages without any assistance but his own genius, and became a tolerable 
adept in Greek and Latin. He married a Ludwell, of whose genealogy I 
must give a short account, being materially interested therein. 

" The Ludwells, though the name is now extinct, are an old and honour- 
able family of .Somersetshire in England; the original of them, many ages 
since, coming from Germany. I'hiiip Ludwell and John Ludwell, being 
brothers and sons of a Miss Cottington, who was heiress of James Cot- 
tington, the next brother and heir to the famous Lord P'rancis Cotting- 
ton, of whom a pretty full account may be seen in Lord Clarendon's ///s- 



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24S LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

tary of the RebelUcn, were in Court favour after the Restoration of Charles 
the cd. Tohn was appointed Secretary and one of the Council in Virginia, 
where I believe he dyed without issue. Pliilip, the eldest brother, went to 
America Governour of Carolina, and from whence he went to Virginia and 
married the widow of Sir Willliam Berkeley, by whom he had a daughter' 
that married a Col. Parke, who was afterwards Governour of the Leeward 
Islands in the West Indies, and dyed in Antigua, the seat of his Govern- 
ment, and one son named Philip. After some time old Philip Ludwell re- 
turned to England and dying here Nvas buryed in Bow church near Strat- 
.ford ; his son, Philip, remained in Virginia, where his father had acquired 
a very capital estate, and married a Harrison, by whom he had tv.o daugh- 
ters : Lucy, the eldest, who married a Col. Grymes, who was of the 
Council in Virginia, and Hannah, who married the before mentioned 
Thomas Lee, and oijC son, Philip. This Philip was, as his father had been, 
of the Council in \'irginia. He manied a Grymes by whom he had several 
children, most of whom dyed in their infancy, and in the year 1753, ^"^ 
wife dyed; in 1760, he came over to England for his health and in 1767, 
he dyed here, when tlie male line of Ludwell became extinct ; he left heir- 
esses three daughters, Hannah Philippa, Frances, and Lucy. The second 
daughter is since de.id, unmarried. 

" This Tliomas Lee, by his Industry and Parts, acquired a considerable 
Fortune, for being a younger Brother, with many children, his Paternal 
Estate was very small. He was appointed of the Council, and though he 
had very few acquaintances in England, he was so vvell known by reputa- 
tion, that upon his receiving a loss by fire, the late Queen Caroline sent 
him over a bountiful present out of her own Privy Purse. Upon the late 
Sir '\\'illiam Gooch's being recalled, who had been sometime Governor of 
Virginia, he became President and Commander-in chief over the Colony; 
in which station he continued for sometime 'til the King thought proper to 
appoint him Governor of the Colony; but he d}"ed in 1750, before his 
commission got o\er to him. He left by this marriage with Miss Ludv.-ell 
six sons, Philip Ludwell, Thomas Ludwell, Richard Henry, Francis Light- 
foot, William, Arthur, and two daughters, all well provided for in Point of 
Fortune. Philii> Ludwell is now of the Council in Virginia, is married, 
has two daughters and lives at Stratford on Potomack River, Virginia; 
Thomas Ludwell is married, has several children and lives at Bellevue on 



' This stems to be .-in error, for, so f.ir .ts is known. Lady L'erkcley never had any issue. This Philip 
LudwcU was twice matritd ; his first wife had been twice married before she married him. She was Lucy, 
dau;;htci of Robert Higijinson. and had manied siiccesiivcly Major Lewis Burwell and CoL William Ber- 
nard, (f tr. Magazine, etc., I, 173.) Philip Ludwcll's brother w.is Tkoma'i , not John, as given by William 
Lee. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 249 

Potomack River, Virginia; Richard llenry is married, and lives at Chan- 
tillv, Potomack River, Virginia, and has several children ; Francis Light- 
foot, t-A-o years ago, married a daughter, and one that will be a coheiress 
of the Hon. John Tayloe of Virginia ; he has no child, and lives at Meno- 
kin on Rappahanoc River in A'irginia. William, the writer of this account, 
in 1769, married in London Miss Hannah Philippa Ludwell. He has no 
children and is settled as a Virginia merchant on Tower Hill, London. 
Arthur studied Physic at Edinburgh, where he took his degrees, but dis- 
liking the profession, he entered about two years ago as a student of law at 
Lincoln's Inn and is now at No. 3 Essex Court in the Temple, prosecuting 
his studies. The two daughters, Hannah and Alice, were both well mar- 
ried, and are settled in America. Henry, the fifth brother, and next to 
Thomas, married a Bland, and left John, Richard, Henry and Lcitice. 
John is dead without issue ; Richard is still living, and unmarried, though 
45 years old, which is a great age in Virginia to Ik- single, and his seat is 
called Lee Hall on Potoniack River \'iiginia. Henry is married and has 
several children ; his seat is called Leesylvania, on Potomack River, Vir- 
ginia. The only sister of these five brothers, married a Fitzhugh, a consid- 
erable famil)- in Virginia, and left several children. Her descendants are 
still living." 

William Lee's will was dated the 24th of February, 17S9; two codicils 
were added at later dates ; it was probated at Richmond, on the nth of 
June, 1796. 

In the name of God Amen. T William Lee of Virginia late alderman of London be- 
ing of sound disposing sense and memory do make publish and declare this instrument or 
written paper to be and contain my last will and Testament hereriy revoking annulling and 
rendering void to all intents and purposes all former wills or testaTnents by me heretofore 
made. I'i.'-st my soul I ccmniit to our *^5racious Clod and Heavenly father stedfastly hoping 
that through his inhnite mercy and the precious merits of our blessed redeemer Jesus Christ 
it \s ill enter into eternal salvation — Amen. Item, I desire that my body may be committed 
to the earth wherever I may chance to die without any pomp or parade, or any unnecessary 
expense whatever. Item, my will and desire is that my executor herein after named, do 
pay as soon after my decease as may be consistent with the good of my estate all my just 
debts that is to say all demands not debarr'd by any act or acts of limitation and which shall 
be supported by indifferent testimony and no others; the various affairs in which I have 
been concerned in the variety of Countries in which my transactions have been, and the 
circumstances of the late revolution which have necessarily occasioned the loss of many 
material papers and vouchers together with the misfortune of losing my eyesight which has 
caused my accounts to be more imperfect than they otherwise would have been, render this 
precaution abiolutely necessary. Item, I give and devise and bequeath to my dearly 
beloved son Williim lAidwell Lee and his heirs forever all that estate real personal and 
mixed lying l)cmg and situate in lames City county James Town and the City of Williams- 



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250 LEE OF VIRGINIA, ' 

burg which descended to his mother my late dear wife Ilannnh Philippa Lee as coheiress 
and legatee of her late frther the Honourable Philip LiidweU and as coheiress to her late 
sister Frances Ludwell with all the Horses, Mares, colts, mules, asses, Horn'd cattle, sheep 
Hogs and stocks of every kind and all the plantation uter.sils that may he on said estate at 
the time of my decease, and also all my Books plate and furniture that may be in rny house 
at Grceuipring cr in the hands of any other persons or person at the time of my decease, 
except such particular Looks and pieces of plate or furniture which I shall herein aftei 
bequeath to either of my two daughters Portia and Cornelia. Item, I give devise and 
bequeath unto my dear daughter Portia Lee and her heirs forever all that tract or parcell of 
Land lying and being on the waters of Bull run and in the County of Prince William or 
Loudoun which I purchased of John Page Esq^ of Rosewell in the County of Gloucester 
containing by estimation twelve hundred and tlfty acres more or less which tract of land 
was conveyed to me and my heirs forever by the said John Page by deed bearing date on 
the twelfth day of October in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven and 
by him acknowledged in the General Court on the twenty sixth day of the said Octoijcr in the 
said year and then and there ordered to be recorded together with all houses and improve- 
ments advantages and hereditaments and appurtenances to the said tract of land in any wise 
belonging when she -hall arrive at the age of twenty one years or on her day of inanisge pro- 
vided she doth not marry without the consent of a majority of her Guardians herein after 
appointed who shall act in that capacity, to be obtained in writing and not before she shall 
arrive to the age of sixteen years, for my will and meaning is that if she shall marry before 
she shall be of the age of sixteen years or after that before she shall be of the age of twenty 
one years without the consent in writing previously obtained of a majority of her guardians 
aforesaid as aforesaid in either of the above cases the devise herein made of the land afore- 
said shall be void and of no effect but the said land shall pass and go to my son William Lud- 
well Lee and his heirs forever. Item, I give and bequeath to my said dear daughter Portia 
Lee twelve hundred and fifty pounds sterling money of Grenl Britain, to be paid to her at 
the age of twenty one years or on her day of marriage, but upon the same condition and 
proviso which hath been herein before annexed to the device of the land herein before given 
to her, and in the mean time my will and desire is that the jirofits of the land herehi before 
devised to her and the interest of the legacy of twelve hundred and fifty pounds sterling 
aforesaid shall be applied from the lime of my decease to her maintenance and education 
or so much thereof as my executors herein after mentioned or a majority of them shall 
think proper and the overplus if any there be shall be paid as lirfore mentioned with regard 
to the said money legacy to my said daughter Portia Lee. Item, I give and bequeath unto 
my said dear daughter Portia Lee a Mahogany desk and bookcase which siands in my 
chamber and was used always by her late dear Mother together with all tlie [irinted and 
manuscript Books therein at the time of my decease. Item, I give and bequeath to my dear 
daughter Cornelia Lee two thousand pounds sterling money of Great Britain to be paid to 
her when she shall arrive to the age of twenty one years or on the day of her marriage, 
provided she doth not marry without the consent of a majority of her Guardians herein 
after appointed who shall act in that capacity to be obtained in writing and not before she 
shall anive to the age of sixteen years for my will and meaning is that if she shall marry 
before she shall be of the age of sixteen yea.'-s or after that before she shall be of the age of 
twenty one years without the consent in writing previously obtained of a majority of her 
Guardians aforesaid as aforesaid in either of the above cases the bequest herein made to her 
shall be void and of no effect but the said legacy shall pa,s and go to my son William I.ud- 
Well Lee forever and in the mean time until the said legacy shall be payable to her my will 



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SrR.\TFORD LINE, FOURTH GENLRATION. 251 

and desire is that the profits or interest of the said two thousand pounds sterling from the 
time of iny decense shall he applied to her maintenance and education or so much thereof 
as my Executors herein after mentioned or a majority of them shall think proper and the 
overplus if any there he shall be paid as before mentioned with regard to the legacy itself to 
my said dear daughter Cornelia Lee. Item, My will and desire is that my property in the 
British Funds which is placed there in the names of Thomas Rogers and George Welch 
Bankers of London shall not be applied cither to payment of debts due from me or of any 
of the legacies herein bequeathed until after my other personal Estate not herein before given 
shall have been applied and found in^ufhcient. Item, I hereby nominate constitute and appoint 
the Honorable John Blair of the City c>f Williamsburg, Benjamin Harrison, Esq''- of Bran- 
don in Prince George County and my two dear Brothers Francis Lightfoot Lee and Arthur 
Lee Esq"'- to be executors of this my last Will and Testament and guardians to my 
children and I also appoint iny dear sister Rebecca Lee of Menokin guardian of my two 
dear daughters Portia and Cornelia Lee particularly desiring they may be under her sole 
care and direction respecting their education. Item, I give to each of my above mentioned 
executors a mourning ring of five guineas value as a testimony of my esteem and in full of 
every claim that they might or may have against my estate as being executors thereof, and 
my meaning is that my executors or any of them shall not be discharged by virtue of this 
will or any clause thereof from the payment of any debt or debts that they or any of them 
now owe or at the time of mv decease may be owing to me. Item, I give to my dear sister 
P>.ebecca Lee of T^Ievioitin a mourning ring often guineas value. Item, My will and desire is 
that my son William Ludwell Lee may henceforth omit the name of Lee and take and bear 
the name of William Ludwell only tliat the family name of Ludwell so ancient and honorable 
both in England and America, from which he is lineally descended, may be revived. Item, 
It is my will and desire and earnest request to my executors that they take special care 
that no woodland be cleared and that no timber or other trees be cut down on any part of 
my estate in James City County on any pretext whatever except for the necessary purposes 
of my said estate that is to say for firewood to be used on my plantations for the necessary 
building and repairing of the houses for making and repairing the fences on my lands, for 
tobacco Hogsheads and tight casks for the use of my plantations and for wheelwright timber 
to be worked by my own people and for coal for my blacksmith's shop. Item, I desire 
that my Executors may have two women servants at least to be occupied in and about my 
house Greenspring and a man and a boy to work in the gardens to take care of the fniit 
trees on my several plantations and to take [care] of my stables. Lastly, I give devise and 
bequeath to my son William Ludwell Lee and his heirs forever all the rest and residue of my 
Estate not herein l-efore devised whether the same be real personal or mixed. In Witness 
whereof I have hereunto this twenty fourth day of Febniary in the year one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty nine subscribed my name and fixed my seal. 

I William Lee of Greenspring in the Parish and County of James City and Common- 
wealth of \'irginia do make and puljlish and declare this writing to be a codicil to my last 
Will and Testament dated (I think) in P^ebruary 17S9 which is now in the possession of my 
Brother Francis Lightfoot Lee Esq''- of Menokin in the County of Richmond and Common- 
wealth aforesaid: Whereas in my said last Will and Testament I have given and devised to 
my only son \\'iri!am Ludwell and his heirs forever all my lands both freehold and lease- 
hold in the s"*- County of James City all my Household lots in Williamsburg and James 
Town which I hold in right of his late dear Mother Hannah Philippa eldest daughter and 
coheiress of th^ late Honorable Philip Ludwell, also all my lands in Loudoun or Prince 
\\ illiam County which I purchased of John Page Esq''- of Kosewell in the County of 






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252 LKE OF VIRGINIA. 

Gloucester also all my negro slaves, horses, hom'd cattle, sheep, goats, hogs, asses, mules 
and i-tock of every kind with all my plantation utensils which may be on ray said lands and 
furthermore have made him my said son my residuary legatee whereby he will be entitled 
to and inherit all that Tract or Parcel of Land adjoinin^' to Green Spring being part of the 
Land commonly ca'led and known by the name of the Main or Governor's Land which I 
have lately bargained for with the Professors of William and Mary Colledge and with the 
approbation of the Visitors of the said Colledge. Now I do hereby declare and make 
known tliat my intention by the before mentioned legacies and devises was and is to give 
and bequeath all the said before mentioned lands houses lots negro slaves with their in- 
crease, and all the other property therein mentioned to ray said son William Ludwell and 
his heirs forever when he shall arrive at the age of twenty one years and in the meantime 
so much of the produce or profits thereof as my executors shall think proper shall be applied 
to his maintenance and education and the remainder of such profits or produce if any there 
be to go and descend to him \vith the other real and personal Estate. But if my said son 
William Ludweil should depart this life before he arrives at the age of twenty one years 
then and in that case I give and bequeath to ray eldest daughter Portia and her heirs forever 
when she shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years if she be then unmanieu, or at the age 
of eighteen if she be then married or at any time thereafter when she shall be married before 
she arri\es at the age of twenty one years provided always that she marries agreeably to the 
restrictions pointed cut in my said last Will and Testament all that tract or parcel of land 
lying and being in tlie said Parish and County of James City commonly called and known 
by the name of Green Spring whereon are the plantations called Green Spring Scotland and 
Vemeys and several tenements, also all that tract or parcel of Land adjoining Greenspring 
being part or parcel of the tract of land commonly called and known by the name of the 
Main or Governor's land which I have lately bargained for with the professors of William 
and Marv- Colledge and with the approbation of the Visitors of the said Colledge, also all 
my Lots in James Town also half of my negroe slaves respecting quantity and quality in 
which half all the tradesmen are to be included together with one half of all my Horses, 
hom'd cattle, sheep, Hogs and stocks of everj- kind and all my plantation utensils that may 
be on the said lands and the produce and profits of the said lands and personal estate from 
the time of my decease or that of my said son William Ludwell whichever shall last happen 
shall go and descend to my said daughter Portia together v.-ith the real and personal estate 
herein given to her. Item, In case my said son Wm. Ludwell departs this life bet'ore he 
arrives at the age of twenty one years then and in that case I give and devise to my 
daughter Cornelia and her heirs forever w'nen she shall arrive at the age of twenty one years 
if she be then unmarried or at the age of eighteen years if she shall be then married or at 
any time thereafter before she arrives at the age of twenty one years when she shall be mar- 
ried provided she marries agreeably to the restrictions mentioned in my said last Will and 
Testament all those two tracts or parcels of land lying and being in the said County of James 
City commonly called and known by the names of Hotwater and New Quarter all my 
Houses and lots in the City of Williamsburg and all my lands in Loudoun or Prince William 
County which I purchased of John Page Esq""- of Gloucester County and also the remaining 
one half of all my negro slaves of all my horses, hom'd cattle, sheep. Hogs and stock of 
every kind and all the plantation utensils that may be on the lands herein given to her the 
produce and profits of the said real and personal estate from the time of my decease or that 
of my son William Ludwell which ever shall last happen shall go and descend to my said 
daughter Cornelir, together with the real and personal estate herein before given to her. 
Item, I hereby nominate and appoint Mr. Robert .\ndrews of the City of Williamsburg 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 253 

Mr. William Wilkinson Juii"' of the Main executors of this Codicil and of my last Will and 
Testament juintly with those ger.tlemen mentioned as my executors in my said last Will and 
Testament. Item, I give to the said Robert Andrews and William Wilkinson Juni"- to each 
of them a mourning ring of five guineas value as a mark of my esteem and compensation for 
their trouble as my Executors. . Item, I df^sire that this codicil may be proved and recorded 
in the same Court with my said last Will and testament. Given under my hand at Green 
Spring this twenty first day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and ninety. 

Know all men that I William Lee of Greenspring in James City County and Common- 
wealth of Virginia being of sound disposing sense and memory do make ordain publish 
and declare this to be a Codicil to my last Will and Testament to which I shall subscribe 
ray name at the bottom this fourth day of February in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ 
seventeen hundred and ninety five, Whereas I did on the sixth day of October last at a 
public sale of the lands and other property of John Warburton deceased purchase of his 
Ex'ors one tract of land in the Main containing by a late survey three hundred acres whereon 
the late John Harriss some time since lived and dyed and one other tract of Land lying in 
the pine woods between the land of Wm. Wilkinson Junr. and John D. Wilkinson contain- 
ing between fifty and sixty acres more or less for which two tracts or parcels of land the 
said Executors of John Warburton deceased have made and passed deeds of conveyance to 
me which are recorded in the County Court of James City, Now I do by this Codicil give 
and bequeath the said two above mentioned tracts or parcels of land with all their appur- 
tenances to my son William Ludwell and his heirs forever exactly in the same maimer that 
I have given to him my other land in James City County with this further condition that he 
is in con'-.ideration of this devise to pay to my two daughters Portia and Cornelia Lee the sum 
of seven hundred pounds current money to be equally divided between them their respective 
portions or moieties of the said seven hundred pounds to be paid to each of them when 
they shall arrive at the age of twenty one years or be married which ever event shall first take 
place but in case my said son William Ludwell should depart this life before he arrives at 
the age of twenty one years then I give and bequeath the said two before mentioned tracts 
or parcels of land with all their appurtenances to my daughter Portia Lee and her heirs 
forever she or they in consideration of this devise paying to my daughter Cornelia Lee the 
sum of five hundred pounds current money when she the said Cornelia Lee shall arrive at 
the age of twenty one years or be married which ever event shall first take place. In wit- 
ness whereof I have liereunto set and subscribed my name the day and year above written. 

William and Hannah Philippa (Ludwell) Lee had four children, two 
.sons and two daughters. 

i, William Ludwell', born at London the 23d of January, 1775; 
died at ^' Greenspring " the 24th of January, 1S03. He was buried 
in the old Jamestown church-yard, near his father. In his will he 
asked that he be buried there, saying : " I desire that my body may 
be corniiiitted to the earth near the grave of my dear respected father 
in the church yard at James Town. The spot where I wish to be interred 
is designated by two pegs of Sycamore on the south side of the grave 
of my late father." He also desired that the lot be iiiclosed with a 



254 LEE OV VIRGINIA. 

substantia! Inick wall five feet high and an iroii gate. He bequeathed 
all his library, excepting the family Hible, to Bishop Madison; set all 
his slaves free and provided for them; gave 500 bushels of corn per 
annum to William and IMary College ; remainder of estate to his two 
sisters. 

ii, Portia^, born in 1777; died the 19th of February, 1840; married 
William Hodgson, formerly of White Haven, England, who died at 
Alexandria the 7th of November, 1S20; they had eight children: 
I, William Ludwell, who died the 27111 of September, 1S41, aged 42 
years. 2, Cornelia Ludwell, who died the 4th of June, 1846; 3, Caro- 
line Octavia. 4, Charles Henry. 5, Augustus Henry. 6, Julia Au- 
gusta. 7, Elizabeth Augusta, who died on the 6th of June, 1825, aged 
II years. S, .Sydney Ludwell Hodgson, who died in 1S69. 

iii, IjRUTus^, born in November, 1778; died in June, 1779. 

iv, Cornelia ^ was born at Brussels the 3d of March, 17S0; died in 
1815 ; married on the i6th of October, 1806, John Hopkins, Esq., of 
Hichmond ; their issue were : i, Portia Lee, born at " Bellevue " the 
30th of August, 1S07; married Dr. Robert T. Baldwin, of Winches- 
ter, and left i.-sue. 2, Hannah Philippa Ludwell, born at Alexandria 
the 3d of August, 181 r; married her cousin, Cassius Francis Lee 
(57, q. v.), and left issue. 3, Mary Anna, born at Alexandria on the 8th 
of January, 1S14; married the Rev. AVilliam M. Jackson on the 23d of 
Ai:)ril, 1S35, and left issue; she died in 1843; he in 1S55. 4, Henri- 
etta Lee Hopkins, born at Alexandria the 2d of April, 1819; died 
the 14th of February, 1839; married on the 24th of August, 1837, 
the Rev. Richard K. Meade, who died the 19th of November, 1S92, 
and left one son, the Rev. W. H. Meade, D. D. 

Dr. Arthur Lee, LL. D., F. R. S. 

21. .Arthur *, youngest son of Thomas Lee ■'' (Richard ■, Richard ^) and 
Hannah Ludwell, his wife, was born at Stratford the 21st of December, 
1740, and died at his home, " Lansdown," in Middlesex county, the 12th 
of December, 1793. After a course of private tuition Arthur was sent to 
Eton, from thence to Edinburgh, where he studied "general science and 
polite literature," and, later, medicine. He obtained a diploma, approv- 
ing him as a general scholar and conferring the degree of T^L D. He was 
always fond of botanical studies, a subject frequently mentioned in his let- 
ters ; for his thesis, upon graduation, he wrote on "Peruvian Bark," and 
obtained the prize given each year for the best thesi.; qh a botanical topic. 



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STR-VrrORD LINE, FOURTH GEN ER ATI OX. 255 

His essay was so much approved that it was " decreed " to be published 
under tlie direction and autiiority of the university. 

Before returning to Mrginia Dr. I-ee traveled through Holland and 
parts of Germany. Soon after his return he comuienced the practice of 
medicine at Williamsburg, at that time the chief town of the State. Like 
many others, who find the study of medicine agreeable enough, but its 
practice very unsatisfactory, he soon gave it up and turned his attention to 
law and politics, pursuits that suited his restless, energetic disposition much 
better than medicine. Early in 1767 he returned to England in company 
with his brother ^Villiam, the one to study law,^ the other to enter a mer- 
cantile life. Both soon interested themselves in the political questions of 
the hour. These were in an agitated condition ; many in England were 
dissatisfied with the ministry in both its domestic and colonial policies. It 
was the endeavor of the Lees to unite this element of opposition in favor 
of the Colonies by a shrewd combination of colonial with domestic afiairs. 
Mr. Lee was admitted to the bar in Ajjril, 1775, and began the practice of 
the law in London, hi 1776 he left London for Paris and other Continen- 
tal cities to act as a commissioner for the American Colonies. Previous to 
his departure he had been acting as agent at London for the Colonies of 
Massachusetts and \'irginia. He had also been instrum.ental, by means of 
a vast correspondence, in bringing the American cause to the attention of 
many in England and on the Continent. By his letters to friends in 
America, he had been keeping them in touch with the trend of political 
events in England. Thus, on the one hand, he aroused public sympathy in 
Europe; on the other, he warned the Americans of their danger. It is not 
doubtful that he was able, by this correspondence, tu effect much for the 
cause of the Colonies. Few writers of that j)eriod wielded a more vigorous 
pen than Arthur Lee. 

In the spring of 1775, the Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery of London 
desired to present a petition to the King as a remonstrance against the 
measures of his ministry in their colonial policy; at their request, Dr. l>ee 
wrote this rem.onstrance. A copy of it was also sent to the American 
Congress, who ordered a suitable reply to be made. Richard Henry Lee, 
as chairman of the committee, drafted this reply. Neither of the brothers 
were aware of the part the other had acted in this matter until the\' met 
years after its occurrence. Besides the correspondence, already alluded to, 



1 it appears from some of his letters ih.^t Arthur Lee went to England -with the intention of practicing 
medicine there, but later turned to the law. .\ li^t of" .\merican Templars'' (Pa. Mii^ii::r.e rf Hu'.ory, 
XIV, 97) ^ives " Arthur Lee of Virginia"' as entered at "Lincoln's Inn" in 1770 and at "The Middle 
Temple" in 1773. 



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256 LEK OF VIRGINIA. 

Dr. Lee pu]>lislicd his " Monitor's Letters," addressed to the people of the 
Colonies, and an "Appeal to the English Nation," which was greatly 
admired and for some time attributed to Lord Chatham. Under the signa- 
ture of "Junius Americanus," he ])ublished a series of letters. They were 
so bright, so able, that Junius wrote to Wilkes: '' My American namesake 
is plainly a man of abilities. . . . You may assure Dr. Lee that to )ny heart 
and understanding the names of .\rnerican and Englishmen are synonymous ; 
and that as to any future taxation upon America, I look upon it as near to 
impossible as the highest im[jroliability can go. 

"/ hope, that since he has opposed me, tchere he thinks me wrong, he 
will be equally ready to assist me, where he thinks nie right." ^ 

Before his death. Dr. Lee had commenced a memoir of the Revolution, 
but did not live to complete it. Much of the part he did write has been 
lost, a fragment only being preserved. Some extracts from this will give 
a better idea of him and of his work than anything from the pen of another: 
" It is to aid iPi placing the history of the American Revolutibn in its true 
light, that the following memoirs are written. The author of them was 
concerned in iis events froui its commencement to its conclusion. Lie was 
employed generally in the highest stations, and in the most secret and con- 
fidential transactions. He always preserved the original papers and letters, 
on which he founded the journal from which the following memoirs are 
extracted. He is therefore sure of their authenticity, as well as of his deter- 
mination, 7ie quid falsi dicere ; ne quid acre narrare. 

"The writer of these memoirs was in London when the repeal of the 
stamp-act was agitated in both houses of parliament. He heard Mr. Pitt 
and Lord Camden deliver those celebrated speeches on this question, which 
would have immortalized them as orators and statesmen. Though the 
obnoxious act was repealed, yet he was persuaded that the spirit which 
dictated it and was still resting near the throne was not changed. With 
this impression he returned to Virginia. 

" It was not long betbre my apprehensions were realized, by the passage 
of an act of the British Parliament for imposing duties on tea, paper, glass, 
etc., exported to the colonies. This was changing the mode but preserving 
the principle of the stamp-act. This was soon and ably pointed out in 
some periodical letters, under the signature of a ' Pennsylvania Farmer.' 
These letters were written in a popular style, were universally read and as 
universally admired. 

" I endeavoured to aid their operation in alarming and informing my 



» Li/t o/Artk:tr U'., \, 35. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 257 

countrymen by a series of letters under the signature of ' Monitor.' In the 
course of a few months it was manifest that the people of this continent 
were not disposed to be finessed out of their liberlies ; and as I knew the 
Riitish cabinet was determined to enforce rather than abandon the usurpa- 
tion, I was persuaded that a very serious contest was approaching. To 
prepare for that was the next object in my mind. Tlie most effectual way 
to accomplish this, it seemed to me, was to form a correspondence with 
leading patriotic men in each colony. I wrote myself to London, where 
the acquaintance I had would enable me to obtain speedy and accurate 
information of the real designs of tlie British ministry, which being com- 
municated to leading men in the several colonies, might enable them to 
harmonize in one system of opposition, since on this harmony the success 
of their opposition would depend. In pursuance of this plan I went to 
Maryland, to Philadelphia, and New York. The men I had in contempla- 
tion were ]Mr. Daniel Dulany, who liad written some able pieces, styled 
'Considerations on the Stamp-Act;' Mr. John Dickinson, who was the 
author of the celebrated ' Farmer's Letters,' and the leader of the Livingston 
party in New York, who is at present the governor of New Jersey. 

" I found ^[r. Dulany so cold and distant that it seemed in vain to 
attempt anything with him. Mr. Dickinson received me with friendship, 
and the contemplated correspondence took place. Mr. Livingston, of Nevv 
York, was absent from the city in tlie country, lamenting the dealli of a 
child, so that I did not see him. The time I was to sail for England now 
approached ; I could not therefore proceed farther eastward. Embarking 
with one of my brothers, we arrived safely in London. 

'•'Tiie proceedings against Mr. Wilkes at this time agitated the nation. 
^Ir. Wilkes was the idol of the people, and the abhorrence of the king. All 
the power of prerogative, all the influence of the crov\'n, and every practi- 
cable perversion of law, were employed to subdue him. Of courage, calm 
and intrepid, of a flowing wit, accommodating in his temper, of manners 
convivial and conversible, an elegant scholar, and well read in constitu- 
tional law, he stood the Atlas of popular opposition. Such was the ma;i 
against whom the whole powers of the crown were mustering their rage ; 
and whom, to use the words of Junius, ' the rays of ro)'al indignation col- 
lected upon him, served only to illuminate, but could not consume.' Mr. 
Wilkes was then confined in the King's Bench, as the printer and publis.her 
of the 'Essay on Won:ian.' The city of London was the stronghold of 
popular opposition, and the Society of the Bill of Rights the most acti\e in 
conducting it. This society consisted of real or pretended j>ersonal friends 
of Mr. Wilkes; but some insinuated themselves with very different views. 
17 






y 



258 I-EE OF VIRGINIA. 

" Having taken this viev.' of the political condition of England, I 
formed the plan of connecting myself Avith the opposition ; and the griev- 
ances of America with those of England. For this purpose I became a 
member of the Bi'l of Rights, and jmrchased the freedom and livery of the 
city of London. By these iirjans I acquired a voice and influence in ail 
the measures of that society, and in the proceedings and elections of the 
citv. An acquaintance v.'iih Mr. Wilkes soon grew into intimacy and confi- 
dence. The arbitrary views of the crown originated in the same spirit on 
both sides of the Atlantic. To sensible men, therefore, the combining of 
the complaints of the people of Au"ierica and England appeared just and 
poliiic. I procured the introduction of the grievances of America into the 
famoiis Middlesex Petition ; and to keep them alive in the popular mind I 
commenced and continued a periodical paper, under the signature of Junius 
Americanus. Mv brotlier estal)lished himself in Tondon, was elected an 
alderman and one o'" the sheriffs. Our footing was now strong, and the 
Anierican cau.se was firmly united with that of England. During these 
tr?n>actions I studied law in Lincoln's Inn and the Middle Temple, and 
being called to the bar, practiced in the King's bench and on the home 
circuit. This situation increased my op[)Ortunitie3 of serving my coun- 
try. . . . 

"Of the disposition and iritentions of the administration I kept my 
correspondents in An^.erica constantly informed, with this constant opinion, 
that they must pre; are to maintain their liberties at all hazards. My con- 
duct in England had reached America in so favorable a light that the house 
of Representatives in Massachusetts elected me their agent, in case of the 
absence or death of Dr. Franklin. At that time I was not personally known 
to anv member of the house. . . . 

•'' Tvly politicLil p>rogrcss kiad made me ac<jua:3ited with many of the 
leaders of all parts of the opp'Osition, such as Lord Shelburne, Mr. Beck- 
ford, Lord Temple. Mr. Dunning, .Sergeant Glynn, Col. Barre, Mr. Wilkes, 
the Aldermen Sawbridge, Townsend, and Oliver. It was by constantly 
comparing the uiiVerent ideas of those gentlemen with one another, and 
with the plans aiid proceedings of the ministers, that I was able to form a 
prett) accurate judgment, both of the real intentions of the latter and how- 
far America was warranted in relying on the support of the former. These 
were the two principal objects of my pursuit. The dearest rights and 
interests of my immediate country were at hazard. It would not have been 
wise to have tru.-ted t.^ese to the mere issues of political intrigues and party 
opposition for place and preferment. Some, however, of the above leaders 
appeared to me hearty in the cause of America, as well as of England. 



.■V .,' . 



^:,'h ''(il 






STR.'^TFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 259 

Their advocation of liberty was general. Among these the most illustrious 
was the Earl of Shelburne. Him liad I long known, long studied, and 
found his conduct uniform and unimpeachable. But the private life of this 
nobleman was no less the subject of my esteem and admiration." ^ 

In November of 1775 Congress ajtpointed a committee to secretly 
correspond with the friends of America in Great Eritain " and other parts 
of the world." The committee chose Dr. Lee their secret agent in London ; 
this letter from them •\\as copied from the original MSS.^ 

"Philadelphia, 1 2th December, 1775. Sir: By this convevance we 
have the pleasure of transuiitting to you sundry printed papers, that such of 
them as you think proper may be immediately published in England. . . . 
It would be agreeable to Congress to know the disposition of foreign powers 
towards us, and we hope this object will engage your attention. We need 
not hint that great circumspection and impenetrable secrecv are necessary. 
The Congress rely on your zeal and abilities to serve them, and will readily 
compensate you for whatever trouble and expense a compliance with their 
desire may occasion. We remit you for the present ^200. Whenever you 
think the importances of your dispatches may require it, we desire you to 
send an express boat with them from England, for which service your agree- 
ment with the owner there shall be fulfilled by us here." 

In the \\inter of 1776 Dr. Lee went to Paris, in pursuance of this 
commission ; and at various times thereafter he visited other capitals on 
the same errand — seeking sup[)lies and making friends for the Colonies. 
He wrote his brother, R. H. Lee, in 1777 : ''I have within this year been 
at the several courts of Spain, Vienna, and Berlin, and I have found this of 
France is the great wheel that moves them all." It was in Fel)ruary, 1777, 
that Dr. Lee was selected as the commissioner from Congress to proceed to 
Madrid, and endeavor to interest the Spanish court in the struggle betv.een 
I'lngland and the Colonies. As soon as the British ministry heard of his 
ai)pointment they instructed their minister at iSfadrid to protest against his 
reception. In consequence, Dr. Lee was stopped at Burgos, by an order 
not to proceed further. He returned so s}.iirited a protest that the Spanish 
government finally allowed him to proceed to Madrid ; once there, he 
exerted himself with great zeal to influence that court, but with no definite 
result. The Spanish, being afraid to provoke the English ministry, were 
plentiful in promises and assurances of the good-will of the king and people. 
Finally Dr. Lee was granted permission to make contracts with any mer- 



1 /^(/<r 0/ Arthur Lee, I, pp. 243, et.sej. 
" ibid.y I, 53. 



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LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



chants, etc., for arms and ammunition ; and the Spanish ambassador at Paris 
was instructed to keep up a friendly intercourse with the American commis- 
sioners at that capital From this intercourse they finally obtained a large 
loan. 

William Lee, his brother, then stationed at The Hague, was selected by 
Congress to act as their agent at Berlin. When this appointment was re- 
ceived at Paris, the commissioners there decided that William should remain 
in Holland, as his services there were too valuable to make it advisable for 
him to go to Berlin. Consequently, they desired that Dr. Lee should take 
his commission, and proceed to Berlin, in his place. This he did, but he 
found the difficulties in the way of accomplishing any good for America 
were very great, as Frederick the Great was under treaty obligations to Eng- 
land, and was not bound in any way to America. The objects of his missio°n 
were to establish communication between Prussia and America; to prevent 
any further raising of German auxiliaries for the English army, and to gain 
permission to purchase supplies. In these designs, Dr. Lee succeeded par- 
tially; Frederick refused to receive him officially, and thus recognize the 
United States, but he authorized his minister to conduct secret correspond- 
ence with him. Wliile residing at Berlin, some one stole his private papers 
from his room at the hotel; Dr. Lee immediately complained to the King. 
An answer was returned by the King that the police would investigate the 
affai^r, which resulted in the prompt return of the papers. At the request 
of Frederick, the English government recalled their envoy, it being proven 
that he v.-as concerned in the theft of the papers. 

Dr. Lee continued to correspond with Baron Schulenberg, the Prussian 
minister, after his return to Paris. In one letter, Schulenberg wrote: 

"... The events of this war become every day more interesting. I 
again ])ray you to commuuicate to me regularly all the news you may receive. 
The King seems much interested in it. His Majesty wishes'that your efforts 
may be crowned with success, and as I told you in mine of the 13th of 
December, he will not hesitate to acknowledge your independency as soon 
as France, which is more immediately interested in the issue of the contest, 
shall set the example." 

Shortly after the news of the surrender of General Burgoyne, at Sara- 
toga, was received, the French court began negotiations for s^igning a treaty 
with America; in these negotiations, Dr. Lee took a prominent part, and 
was one of the signers of that treaty on the part of America. Soon after 
this event, he was recalled, and John Adams was ai)pointed in his place. 
This recall was due to violent dissensions between the commissioners; 
especially between Dr. Lee on the one part, and Dr. Franklin and Sila^ 



A 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 26 1 

Deane on the other.' The two latter accused Dr. Lee of being quarrelsome, 
captious, and dishonest in his professed loyalty, etc., while he wrote to 
his brother, R. H. Lee, under date of 9th of January, 1778, ''Things 
are going on worse and worse every day among ourselves, and my situation 
is more painful. I see in every department neglect, dissipation, and private 
schemes. Being in trust here I am responsible for what I cannot prevent, 
and these very men will probably be the instruments of having me one day 
called to an account for their misdeeds." ^ 

Of this quarrel, much has been written, and in fact is still being written. 
To give the reader a fair idea of Dr. Lee's part therein, a few quotations 
from some of the most prominent and patriotic actors in those scenes are 
given. It is certain that Dr. Lee held until his death the esteem and 
friendship of the purest and ablest men of tlie Revolutionary period; the 
friendship of such men should be ample vindication against slanders from 
any source. His biograjiher has written:^ "A brief attempt has been 
made to give the reader a general idea of the value of his services during 
the period which elapsed from October, 177S, until the end of the year 
1779. -^s '^'*'^C) shall read his correspondence during this time, will perceive 
that it has been thought better to leave the reader to form a due estimate 
of the zeal and disinterestedness of Mr. Lee's services from the materials 
of this memoir, than from an elaborate effort of his biographer to pjresent 
here a full statement of his lal.iors. 

"Cireat and undenialile as has been the patriotism and services of Mr. 
Lee, he did not escape the malicious insinuations and false charges of de- 
tected peculation and conscious infidelity to public trust ; while he experi- 
enced the inevitable consequence of an honest performance of duty, the 
persecution of a bating faction. A short period of his life afforded another 
instance, in addition to the many furnished by the history of all limes, that 



' John Adams, after investigating on the spot the causes of these dissensions, wrote his iinpressions con- 
cerning ihcm to James Lovell. On the one side he found ike capricious temper of an ardent patriot, Arthur 
Lee, OD the other the egrejious vanity of Franklin played upon and controlled by Dear.c, who was even 
more " than complaisant to interested adventurers." Writing from Passy, France, under date of the 20th 
of February, 1779, Mr. .\dams said : 

. . . "Our old incidental agent is an honest man, faithful and zealous in our cause. But there is an 
acrimony in his temper, there is a jealojsy, there is an obstinacy, and a want of candor at times, and an 
affectation of secrecy, the fruit of jealousy, which renders him disagreeable often to his friends, makes him 
enemies, and gives them infinite advanta-:;c over him. That he has had great provocation here, I never 
doubted, and since the appearance of the address- less than ever. . . ." 

"On the other hand, there was a monopoly of reputation here, and an indecency in displaying it, 
which did great injustice to the real merit of others, that I do not wonder was resented. There was an in- 
dolence, there was a dissipation, which gave occasion of complaint, and there was complaisance to inte- 
rested adventurers." {Li/i and Works 0/ John Adai/is, IX, 477.) 

- Li/e 0/ Arthur Lee , II, 127. 

» Ibid., I, 152. 



■'II '^ 'v^ii ic 



>r; ;■;. I r. 



262 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

active virtue never jvisvjcl aloni^ its v.-hole career without detraction and 
injustice. To posterity, and not to contemporaries, patriotism and virtue 
have ever been most indebted for a just estimate of their claims to admira- 
tion ai:id gratitude. . . ." 

" It was of necessity that Congress employed many commercial agents ; 
and an ecjual necessity oliliged them to authorize their conimissioners to 
employ sub-agents to attend to details of business which it was impossible 
for the commissioners themselves to transact. . . . Sucli is the desire for 
gain, such is the sacra auri fames, tliat in almost every instance the agents 
employed by Congress and by the commissioners, and the merchants with 
whom contracts wore made, proved regardless of principle, and amassed 
wealth for themselves at the expense of the United States. . . . Against 
this al3use Mr. Lee unitonniy, actively, and with an uncompromising spirit, 
opjjosed all the authorit}- and restraint he could exercise. This course 
excited against him, as he was aware it would certainly do, the most intense 
dislike. The most desirable object to these faithless agents was to procure 
his dismis-ion from tlie public service, and his recall to the United States. 
He was a subject of tlieir constant abuse and complaint. . . . INIr. Lee 
continued during the |:>eric)d of two years, notwithstanding the malevolence 
of the public defaulters, and the injuries they were constantly inflicting on 
his feelings and character by their misrepresentations, to pursue, detect, 
and denounce them. He acquainted Congress with their peculations, and 
pledged himself to make good hi.^ charges against them. Upon his arrival 
in .Vmerica. he rtdccvicd tJie pledge he had made to Congress, and proved to 
their conviction, and to the satisfaction of the country, the defalcation of 
many of the public agents. He broke down the hostile faction and 
triumplied over its n.i ichinations." 

Arthur Lee, on liis return to .-Vmcriea. presented to Congress a written 
paper, vindicating his actions while abroad as their commissioner. Of this 
paper, the opinions of several prominent members of Congress may fitly be 
given here. Perhaps a fuller investigation would discover many more of the 
siune fa\-orable tenor. 

Jo,e[ih Read to R. \\. Lee: ' " Philadelphia, 15th April, 1780. Sir — 
I am to acknowledge and thank you for your obliging favour of the 17th 
February, enclosing Mr. Lee's vindication, which has been published in 
our papers. To some collateral parts, there have been replies by Mr. 
Conyngham and ^rr. Joseph Wharton. The multitude and enormity of 
public aliuses one would have thought should have excited general atten- 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 263 

tion and alarm ; but attempts to detect and prevent them have generally 
been retorted in such a manner as almost to sanctify unfaithfulness and dis- 
honesty. I cannot help considering it as one of the most unfavourable 
symptoms, that, while we are all complaining against abuses, as soon as 
the offender is detected, he finds friends and advocates even in the most 
respectable assemblies. ..." 

Thomas M'Kean to R. H. Lee:' "Philadelphia, 25th March, 17S0. 
Dear Sir — Your much esteemed favour of the 15th of last month, with the 
extracts from your much injured brother's letter to the President of Con- 
gress, and the copy of Dr. Berkenhout's letter to yourself, enclosed, came 
safe to hand. Next to th.e approbation of my own conscience, it has 
always been my wish to obtain that of the wise and good, and I confess I 
am happy in having yours. I flatter myself the time will shortly come 
when the honest labourers in the cause of freedom and their country will 
at least meet with the reward of being known ; and when, also, the double 
dealing, artful pretenders will be discovered. There has been a virtuous 
band in Congress from the beginning of the present contest, but they were 
never so few, or so much opposed, as just after you and your good brother 
left us. In the winter and spring of 1779. there was a cabal whose views 
I could not fathom ; there were some possessed of restless spirits, and who 
endeavoured to set member against member, and Congress against states, 
particularly Pennsylvania and those of Xew England; and the states against 
Congress. Every artifice was used to instil prejudice against all our for- 
eign ministers and commissioners, particularly your brothers (Dr. Arthur 
Lee and William Lee), and I really believe, if I had not in April last, gone 
off the bench into Congress, in the face of a vote of the Assembly of Penn- 
sylvania, that the}- would have been recalled without exception. . . . 
When I rellect u[)on the assiduity, the zeal, the fidelity, the abilities and 
patriotism of Dr. .\, Lee, I cannot help deploring his late, and reprobating 
the ingratitude of Congress ; but, sir, it is with pleasure that I can assure 
you, that he has many unshaken friends still remaining in that body, who 
have never seen him, and who esteem him only for his public virtues. I 
profess myself one of these, and he has at least my warmest thanks for his 
substantial services rendered to my country. ..." ., 

William Whi[)i)!e to R. H. Lee: ' " Philadelphia, iS September, 1779. 
... I nuich approve of Dr. Lee's intention to come to this country, when 
the Sjianish business is concluded. I think it necessary he should have a 
fair opportunity of [Hitting to shame those base assassins, whose malice is 

^ Lifec/R.H.Ue.W.i-,^. 
a /^rV., II, 113, 



I v. 






•ov ; 1 



264 ' LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

wrou^'ht up to the highest pitch, by a consciousness of their own inferiority. 
If lie lands in Xew Ilanipsliire, I am confident he will be received with the 
respect due, and, in some measure, proportioned to his merit. I shall be 
particularly happy in having an opportunity of manifesting my gratitude for 
his services to America." 

Samuel Adams to R. H. Lee : ^ " Philadeljihia, 15th January, 1781, 
My dear Sir — Your second letter came to hand in due season. My much 
esteemed friend, Mr. Arthur Lee, will take charge of this. I will say to 
you, as I have said to my Boston friends, who were solicitous to know what 
treatment he meets with here: the more I have conversed with him, the 
more I have been confirmed in a good opinion of him, and lamented the 
mistakes and prejudices of some men and the wickedness of others. His 
enemies, I think, dare not openly attack his reputation or conduct, but the 
whi5})ers of envy and malice have sometimes influence enough to prevent 
the justice due to the virtuous citizen ; when this is the case, it affords a 
symptom of the decay of public spirit, more threatening to the liberties of 
a commonwealth than hosts of foreign enemies. ^Slonarchs have their 
favorites, who serve as pinips on their honest subjects, but republics should 
examine the conduct of their servants v. ith an impartial eye. And it dis- 
covers the want of public virtue, as much to withhold their smiles from the 
wise and good as to bestow them on the wicked and unfaithful. Mr. Lee, 
as yet, had neither smiles nor frowns. I am still in liopes he will meet with 
the rewards, which I am sure he would receive if he had returned a few years 
ago; he will have them when the trustees of the pul)lic shall have fortitude 
enough to be uninthienced by great names and characters, given to men of 
base and dei:)raved minds. You will ask, when will that be, perhaps not in 
this age ; but the historian will in some future time draw forth the proofs of 
his patriotism, and unprejudiced posterity will acknowledge that Arthur Lee 
has borne a great share in defending and establishing the liberties of 
America. I say posterity, for I believe a wiser generation will enjoy the 
fruits of patriots and heroes in the present day. . . ." 

On a later occasion Mr. Adams paid this tribute to Dr. Lee : "As an 
inhabitant of Massachusetts Bay, I should think myself ungrateful not to 
esteem Arthur Lee most highly, for his voluntary services to that state, in 
times of her greatest need, to the injury of his private interests and at great 
risk of his life." 

John Adams to Count de Yergennes : ^ " Passy, nth February, 1779. 



^ Life of R. H.Lie, II, laS. 
-Life cf Arthur L*i, I, 157-S. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 265 

... It is my indispensable duty upon this occasion to inform your excel- 
lency without cons'iltii:g either of my colleagues, that the honourable Arthur 
Lee was as long ago as 1770 appointed by the house of representatives of 
the Massachusetts Bay, of which I had then the honour to be a member, 
their agent at the court of London, in the case of the death or absence of 
Dr. Franklin. This honourable testimony was given to Mr. Lee by an 
assembly in which he had no natural interest, on account of his inflexible 
attachment to tlie American cause, and the abilities of which he had given 
many proofs in its defence. From that time to the year 1774 he held a 
constant correspondence with several of those gentlemen who stood fore- 
most in the Massachusetts Bay against the innovations and illegal encroach- 
ments of Great Britain. This correspondence I had the opportunity of 
seeing; and I assure your excellency, from my own hioivledge, that it 
breathed the most inflexible attachment to, and the most ardent zeal in the 
cause of his countiy. From September 1774 until November 1777, I had 
the honour to be in Congress, and the opportunity of seeing his letters to 
Congress, to their committees and to individual members. Through the 
ivJiolc 0/ both tJiose periods he communicated the most constant and certain in- 
icUigence which was received from any individual within my knowledge. 
And since I have had the honour of being joined with him here, I have ever 
found in him the same fidelity and zeal ; and I have not a glimmering of 
suspicion that he ever maintained an improper correspondence in England, 
or held any conference or negotiation with anybody from thence, without 
communicating it to your excellency or to his colleagues. I am confident 
therefore that every insinuation and suspicion against him, of infidelity to the 
United States, or to their engagements with his majesty, are false and ground- 
less, and that they will assuredly be proved to be so. 

"The two honourable brothers of Mr. Lee, who are members of Con- 
gress, I have long and intiaiately known ; and of my own knowledge I can 
say that no men have discovered more zeal in support of the sovereignty of 
the United States, and in ]jromoting, from the beginning, a friendship and 
an alliance with France. There is nothing of which I am more firmly per- 
suaded than that every insinuation that is thrown out to the disadvantage of 
the two Mr. Lees in Congress is groundless. . . ." 

Writing to Samuel Cooper, John Adams expressed himself even more 
forcibly. 

" Passy, 2S February, 1779. Dear Sir, — Your letter by the Marquis 
de Latayette I have received, and it contains so handsome a testimony to 
the merit of that gallant nobleivian, as well as so many judicious observa- 



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266 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ~ ' ' 

tions on 'other subjects, that I have ventured to permit it to be translated 
and published. 

" The complaint against the family of I,ees is a very extraordinary 
thing indeed. I am no idolator of that famil\ or any other; but I believe 
their greatest fault, is in having more men of merit in it than any other 
family; and if that family fails the American cause, or grows unpopular 
with their fellow-citizens, I know not what family or what person will stand 
the test. 

" There is reason, however, to be upon our guard against the power of 
a family of so much merit; and if the complaint had only been, that one 
of the family was minister at the Courts of Versailles and Madrid, another 
at Vienna and Berlin, I would have joined in that with all my heart. But 
this, to my certain knowledge, was not the fault of the family, luit partly 
owing to accident, and partly because other gentlemen refused or declined 
to undertake so dangerous a voyage and so difficult a service. 

" If the complaint had been confined to want of figure, dignity and 
'address, I should have left the discussion of such important questions to 
those who think so much of them, and these might have determined whether 
the complainers or complainees have the most to boast of in this kind. 

" If the complaint had been confined to the subject of temper, I should 
not have thought it worth while to have consider long, in order to deter- 
mine which was the most inconvenient to the State, a little too much asperity, 
or a little too much good nature, a little too much acid, or a little too 
much oil. 

" But when the complaint becomes so outrageous as to throw about the 
world insinuations of infidelity and breach of trust against some of the most 
faithful and inflexible men in the community, it becomes the cause of every 
virtuous man, and such injured characters must be vindicated, or the State 
undone." . . . {Life and Jl'orks of John Ada/ns, IX, 478-0;.) 

John Dickin-on to Arthur Lee: "Kent, 30 March, 17S0. Sir — 
. . . Do not imagine that the 'arts of your 'enemies' have erased from 
my mind those favourable sentiments I have ever entertained of you since I 
had the pleasure of your acquaintance. Vour friends can witness that 
throughout the debates in Congress relating to you, I always bore open and 
faithful testimony to the ability, zeal, courage, integrity, and diligence 
manifested by } ou in the support of our cause ; and that, in confirmation 
of what I said, I mentioned your correspondence with me in very danger- 
ous circumstances, on points of the last importance. . . . But while I thus 
interested myself in what concerned my friend, the conduct you object to 
was influenced by two reasons, that, leaving the qualities of your head and 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 267 

heart unira|)cached, would have led me to the same conclusion if you had 
l)een my brother. The&e were, a coolness in the court of Versailles towards 
you, and the difference with Dr. Franklin. When it was considered that 
the connexion between the branches of the house of Bourbon is so intimate, 
and that harmony between ministers who are to negotiate with them, espe- 
cially on the same subject, and those most momentous ones, is so necessary, 
all private regards gave way to the superior force of public obligations. To 
wound and mourn, falls to the lot of more than ' Brutus.' " ^ 

That General Washington esteemed Dr. I^ee, and valued his communi- 
cations, is evident from this note to hirn : 

" Newburgh, 15th April, 1782. Dear Sir, — I have received your favour 
of the 2nd instant, and thank you for the several articles of European in- 
telligence contained in it. Permit me to solicit a continuation of such 
advices as you may think interesting respecting the military or political 
manceuvres of foreign powers. Such communications will not only be a 
p'rivate gratification, but may produce public good ; as a perfect knovvledge 
of these matters will enable n^.e to decide with more certainty and precision 
on doubtful operatioris, wliich may be had in contemplation, than I could 
possibly do without. With great esteem and regard I am my dear sir, your 
most obedient, humble servant." ■ 

Whatever '-coolness" may have existed between Arthur Lee and the 
court of Versailles, it did not prevent the King from paying him a very 
handsome compliment, which he explained in this letter to the President of 
Congress : 

''Mr. President, — I return to you, in consequence of the resolution 
with which I engaged in this cause, to see the liberty of my country estab- 
lished, or to perish in her last struggle. 

" When I took leave of the court of Versailles as one of your former 
commissioners, his excellency the Count de Vergennes presented me with a 
gold enamelled snuff-box, containing the picture of the king of France, set 
with diamonds. The minister accompanied it with an assurance that lie 
delivered it to me as a mark of the esteem of his sovereign. In my opinion 
no period ever i^roduced a prince whose esteem was more valuable. His 
portrait is engraven on my mind by the virtue and justice which form his 
character ; and gold and jewels can add nothing to its lustre. 

" This testimony of his majesty's esteem, however llattering to me, I 
received with the resolution of holding it at your disposal only. I therefore 
now beg leave, agreeably to what I think ray duty, to deposit it with Con- 



^L>/<! 0/ Arthur Lff, II , 313, ct Sf</. 
•^Itid., II, 171. 



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268 I.F.E OF VIRGINIA. 

gress ; (ox I esteem it of dangerous consequence, that any republican should 
recehc inesents from a foreign prince or retain them without the knowledge 
or consent of the republic. Still more dangerous and unbecoming is it to 
measure the merits of those emplo}ed in the public service by them, or to 
make tlieii cIiaracLevs depend on complimentary letters and praises from the 
followers of the court v/here they have resided. It is the most sure of all 
possible me'.hods, to make them subservient where they ought to be inde- 
pendent, and lead them to substitute intrigue in the place of a due dis- 
charge of their duty, or sacrifice the interests of their country to the in- 
clinations of a foreign minister. If they do their duty to their country, 
their constituents ough.t best to know it ; and the reward they are pleased 
to bestow upon them, is ttie sole and sufficient recompense becoming the 
dignity of a free ciiizen to possess." 

In reply this report was made : ''In the Continental Congress : The 
comniittce to whom -sverc referred the letter of Arthur Lee, Esq., etc., sub- 
mit the following rc})ort: Arthur l,ee having deposited v/ith the President 
of Congress a picture of the king of France, set with diamonds, and pre- 
sented by the minister of that monarch on his taking leave of the court of 
Versailles as a mark of his majesty's esteem ; and having intimated that as 
the picture was presented to hiin in consequence of his having been a com- 
missioner of Congress at that court, it did not become him to retain the 
same witliout the express a])probation of Congress : 

^'Resolved, That he be informed that Congress approves of his retain- 
ing tiie picture, 

^^ Resolved, That Mr. Lee be further informed, in answer to his letter, 
that there is no particular charge agai)ist him before Congress, properly sup- 
ported ; and that he be assured his recall was not intended to affix any kind 
of censure on his character, or on his conduct abroad." 

As a further mark of their confidence, Congress requested Dr. Lee to give 
them the benefit of his knowledge of and viev/s upon foreign atTairs. He 
rendered a strict and satisfactory account of all the funds expended by him. 

After his return to Virginia, Dr. Lee was elected a deputy from Prince 
William to the Virginia Assembly, and later, by the Assembly, to the gen- 
eral Congress. He was one of the signers of the treaty for the cession of 
the northwestern territory by \'irginia to the general government. In 17S4 
he was ajipointed by Congress one of the commissioners to make a treaty 
with the Indians o\\ the northwest tYontier ; Lafayette accompanied this 
expedition. On their return Dr. Lee was appointed to the " board of treas- 
ury," with Samuel Osgood and Walter Livingston, in which position he 
continued from 17S4 to 17S9. In 17S6 he was chosen one of the commis- 



» fl 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 269 

sioners to revise the laws of Virginia. From the board of treasury he re- 
tired to ^/rivaie life, and lived upon his estate in Middlesex county. During 
the years spent in this retreat he carried on a very extensive correspondence 
with many of the prominent persons to whom his official career had made 
him known. 

A writer has said: "The career of Arthur Lee, though undistinguished 
by any connection with the great and prominent events, such as catch the 
public eye, was one of the most important and useful to his country, which 
the history of that day records. At a time when the new-born republic was 
struggling for existence, and carrjn'ng on a war against a powerful country 
with which the nations of Europe were at peace, and to which they were 
bound by treaties, he represented his country with a zeal and efficiency 
which accomplished the greatest and most valuable results. His mind seems 
to have burned with a restless ardor, and he never rested in his attempts to 
conciliate the courts of Eurojje in favor of America, and to induce them to 
furnish her with material aid." 

As a mark of their approbation for his services as their agent abroad, the 
states of Massachusetts and A'irginia both granted him large tracts of land. 
Harvard College conferred upon him the honorary degree of LE. D. ; the 
Academy of American Arts and Sciences, and the American I'hilosophical 
Society elected him an honorary member. 

While upon the expedition to the western Indians, already mentioned, 
Dr. Lee penned these thoughts, which are very interesting: * 

"Ijeing this day indisposed, and obliged to keej) my room, I could not 
avoid meditating on my future prospects. Should I settle and remain 
among my friends in Virginia ; should I retire to Kentucky ; or return to 
P^ngland, and enjoy in retirement there all that a country great in arts and 
sciences affords. I entered life glowing with sentiments of liberty and 
virtue. The seeds of the American Revolution vrere then sowing, in the 
acts of Parliament for imposing taxes on the Colonies. I embraced the 
opj;osition with a double degree of enthusiasm, which the love of liberty and 
my coimtry inspired. I devoted myself to the cause from its very infancy. 
From that time my life has been a continued scene of agitation and commo- 
tion. No calm, no repose has refreshed me. To live in Virginia without a 
wife is hardly practicable. But in Virginia boys and girls only marry, and 
they marry from almost every motive but love. A man at thirty, a woman 
at twenty, is old in Virginia; and with my sentiments of love and marriage 
I am not likelv to find a wife there. . . . 



1 Life 0/ Arthur Lee, II, 389, et se-;. 



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270 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

" Shall I retire to Kentnckv, and try my fortune in a young country 
and a rising region? The soil and climate are llrie. I have lands there, 
v,hich would become very valu?])lc by residence ; and it would be easy, 
with a little nionev, to aci-iuire a princely territorial proj^erty. Ambition 
and avarice seem therefore to jt-in in their invitation. But after the scenes 
through wliich I have pa.'ised such ari ambition seems /07a, and the avarice, 
without an incentive. For whom should I sacrifice present enjoyment to 
secure a future fortune ? He%\ho pursues aml^iticn in that countr}' must 
expect no repose. He must lirst agitate its sr/(7>-afu'u and indclK-ndencc, 
then control the \ariou5 turbulciU spirits which are gathered there from 
different States: h.e must court those v.-hose lives and manners are little re- 
moved from those of savages. He must be in -perijetual action, as nothing 
else can promote his purposes, or e\en prevent him from repining at the 
loss of everything that can engage the cultivaiod Uiind or gratify the 
serises. He must submit to the v,retched accoii'.mod.'in'ons vdiich an almost 
savage country can atTord ; and not only be content v^-ithout luxuries, but 
even without the necessaries of lite. "'iVhat is tlieie then that can tempt a 
sober man, in m}" situation, to Kentucky? 

"A single mail, intent upon gratifying his taste, might accomplish this 
purj)ose with great certainty, and at a moderate expense, in London. Se- 
cure of ^600 a year, he might live in style perfectly genteel, and see and 
hear everything worth seeing and hearing. IVut then he must live for him- 
self only. He must forget that he har> relations in another land, /..r*?/- and 
dear, whom he has sacrificed forever. All the ch.aritics of blood and coun- 
try must be forgotten. His hours of retirement must be sad and solitary. 
Should ill-health overtake him, he must not c>nly be cut olT from the enjoy- 
ments he promised himself, but he must expect no tender hand to soothe his 
l)illov.-, no sympathising soul to mitigate with nameless gentle oflices the 
anguish of disease, and minister to the tro'.il)k-d and desponding mind. 
And why indeed should he, who lives for himself only, expect that society 
will feci for him, or furnish him with aid or solace, be}ond the influence of 
his money ? 

"Those, too, with whom I was immediately connected in friendship 
and politics, when a fellow-suljject, would regard me now with cold in- 
difference, if not with aversion. Many would consider me as having con- 
tributed to wounLi and dishonor that country whicli is the dearest object to 
every good Englishman. Could I be restored to tlie situation that I enjoyed 
before the Revolution, unless the tun^ilt of p-olitical commotion may have 
unparadised it, I might be happv. That is. as happy as man without 
domestic cares, domestic anxiety, and domestic love, could be. I was 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 271 

placed in chamliers in the Temple, \\hich looked into a delightful little 
garden on the Thames, of which 1 had the key ; I could go in and out at 
all hours, and have what company I pleased, without being questioned or 
overlooked. I v.as near the Royal Society, of which I was a fellow, where, 
ever}' week, whatever was new and ingenious in literature was communi- 
cated. Not far from me was the hall of the Society of Arts and Agriculture, 
of which I was an honorary member, and where I had access to all the new 
discoveries in arts, agriculture, and mechanics. 

"The playhouses and the opera were equally convenient, where I 
cor.hJ select the opportunity of seeing the best tragedies and comedies 
reprcbcnted, and of hearing the nnost exquisite niusic. I was a subscriber 
to Bach's and Abel's concert, where the most masterly performers of the 
world (Bach, Abel, Fishar, Tassot, Ponto, and Crosdal), played to a most 
polite and fashionable audience, in one of the most elegant concert rooms in 
th::; world. In tlie field of politics, from the politician in the cider-cellar 
to t!ie peer in his palace, I had access and influence. At the Bill of Rights, 
the city of Loiidon, the P!last India House, and with the opposition in both 
houses, I was of some consideration. Aiiiong my particular friends, to 
whom I always had access, were Lord Shelburne, Mr. Downing, Col. Barre, 
I\ir. Wilkes, Serieant Glynn, and several others. I v/as so vreil with several 
of the nobility and gentry that I could spend all my leisure time at their 
coriutry seats. At Bath I had a very extensive acquaintance; and there is 
not in the world a more agreeable place to one so circum>tanced. As one 
of the law, I enjoyed the protection and distinction of that body, with the 
prospect of rising to place and ])rofit, which all of that body, who have 
moderate abilities, enjoy. So circuuistanced, nothing but the peculiar and 
extraordinary crisis of the times prevented me from being entirely happy, 
and pursuing the fortune which sat with golden plumes within my reach. 
But everything was absorbed in the great contest which I .saw fast approach- 
ing ; and which soon called upon me to quit London, and take an open 
part in the Revolution, as a representative of the United States at the court 
of France." 

Perhaps nothing will convey a clearer idea of the character of Arthur 
l,ee than some of his letters written to his intimate friends or near relations. 
In such a correspondence, he appears to have I'rankly spoken his inmost 
thoughts. It is believed that few of these letters have ever been in print. 

; , To Richard Henry Lee. , 

"Glasgow, 21 October, 1761. My dear Brother, In pursuance of my 
Husbandry Scheme, I am now in Glasgow. I find the Drill Plow, as used 



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272 LEE OF VIRGINIA. " 

for sowing wheat, will not answer your Purpose, but I have conceived one 
which I think may be ajiplicable to your Grain, as this is to 'Wheat. I 
communicated the Plan to the mechanical Gentleman whh whom I live, 
and received his approbation. But I shall put it in i^iractice,, before I trouble 
you any further with it, for I am sensible that ideal Machines are worked 
with much more e;ise than real ones. 

"I silent all yesterday with Mr. Smyth, Author of tiK- moral senti- 
ments, who is a very agreeable companion, and am this day to go with him 
to the Farmer I mentioned in a former letter ; who has ]narsued the new 
Husbandry with such success. This Town is by for su|icrior to any in 
Scotland, in Regularity, Beauty and Magnificence; the Inhabitants are 
mostly Traders in Tobacco and are said to import J/3 of the whole produce 
of America. Their strict attention to Business has rendered them an 
uncivil, unsocial People, and utterly strangers to Politeness, so that the 
Gentlemen of the Colledge are the only sociable People in Town. 

" The River Clyde runs smoothly by the Town, and is navigable for 
small Craft. They have many manuf:ictories, wh.ich they carry 011 with 
success. 1 saw the shattered ruins of a Palace, which was once the Resi- 
dence of the Arch Bishop of Glasgow, and near it stands an old Cathedrall 
of vast Magnitude. The Colledge has lately built a fine Astronomical 
Observatory, which is well iurnished with the necessary instruments, by the 
best Makers. 

'"' I have been really unfortunate in not finding the farming Gentleman 
at home ; I had only the opportunity of viev-ing his grounds and examining 
the Instruments with which he tills them. I was satisfied of the Truth of 
what I had heard, that he had drawn ten yearly crops from the same Field, 
cultivated agreeably to the Principles of the nevN- Husbandry, without the 
least assistance of Manure of any kind, and that every succeeding crop had 
excelled its Predecessor. I saw the same Field bearing its eleventh Crop, 
and from one Acre of this, he last year received 56 Bushels of wheat; from 
this Day's Observation and Intelligence, I am convinced, of which indeed 
I wanted no conviction, that the new Husbandry is the most rational 
and profitable method. In a former Letter, I mentioned my opinion that 
ploughing between the Rows of your Tobacco would be of infinite advan- 
tage to it, but I did not observe that this was the most effectual means of 
destroying the weeds ; but this must be the consequence of many years 
Culture, which will almost utterly eradicate and destroy them ; but at first 
they flourish with much more strength and vigour, so that the only method 
of succeeding is to persevere in it for some jears. 

"I have had a strong })roof of the unsociable Disposition of the 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 273 

Inhabitants here ; for, the' I made a point of getting acquainted with 
some of the Merchants, so as to settle some sure method of Correspondence 
with you, I have not been able to accorajilish it ; so that Me must still 
continue the same uncertain manner of Corresponding. I would only 
beg you to write always by the Glasgow ships, as by others the Letters 
are long before they reach me, and are then burdened with Intolerable 
Charges. 

'<The pacific Disposition of the new ministry is so much confided in 
that the Stocks rose considerably, since their appointment, in Expectation 
of an immediate peace. Mi. Pitt's Acceptance of a Pension has given a 
mortal stab to his Reputation. It pleases his Enemies to have such a fair 
Opportunity of aspersing his character with the most severe Reflections, 
whilst his Friends are dejected, and see with sorrow their high Expectations 
of his Integrity and disinterested patriot Spirit uttterly deceived. Forget 
not to remember me to all witli you and believe me to be, as I really am, 
my dear Brother, Yours most affectionately." 

To ^Villiam I.ee. 

" Bristol Wells, 17 June, 1769. Dear lirother, Tho' I have delayed 
thanking you for your favour from Ipswich, yet I did not neglect the 
commands it contained ; but executed them immediately as directed. 
Capt. Walker I had before seen and informed of what you desired. 

" I am happy to hear you are well and much pleased with your situa- 
tion, particularly Mrs. Lee. To please the wife is all in all; 'tis the hus- 
band's duty to labour at this with all his mind, soul, and strength. A'nt I 
a good creature ?itrs. Lee ? for preaching this ".vholsome doctrine ? I hope 
neither your approbation of me nor your situation fmd any change. Three 
whole days was Eve saLisf)d with Paradise, and without flattery, I believe 
her daughters are equally content. Much more could I say, with truth, in 
your praise, fair daughter of Eve, but you. v.ould call me flatterer, and I de- 
sist. I lay my life now you will say, one can never make out my meaning. 
Now then I'll be explicit. Have you found out for me the fair one you 
promised ? young, innocent, accomplished, sweet-tempered, well-bred, 
playful and rich ? 

Excelld by none, equall'd hy few, 
Or in a .word, resembling you. 

"But by all means let her hate tkattery ; for as I abominate it myself, 
I could not be offering this forced incense to the goddess I ador'd. Be- 
sides you know, my dear Mrs. Lee, that all sensible and pretty Ladies 
iS 






. "to 






2 74 I'EE OF VIRGINIA. 

regard it as odious and hateful. Go find out the fair one that's form'd on 
my plan and I'll love her forever — I mean if I can. This forever is a fine 
thing, if it would but last. 

"AVell, best to be serious and grave too, for a young lady told me at 
the Asseuil'ly la^t night, that I must put on a gieat wig ; pray now by the 
bye (for had I gone strait on I should have been at Bristol Wells) is there 
any probability she meant to typify matrimony, under this same figure of a 
great wig? Nay don't laugh, 'tis a serious matter, for if she did, 'tis meet 
that I answer it ; not by putting it on, I assure you, for I have a notion it 
would [irove rather v.-arm, especially in the summer months. A light wig 
or a night cap which one can throw on or off at pleasure, seems belter 
accommodated to feverish heads. Now (as I shou'd have said before, had I 
not been interrupted by this matrimonial wig, of which I conceive, en pas- 
sant, Tristram Shandy would ha^■e made a good joke. But the Ladies never 
touch Tristram Shandy, his no:;e was so long, he frightened them ; not one, 
ho\vevcr desirous, had the courage to approach it), I am safe at Bristol 
Wells, snug in a garret, which is the manner in which they treat all new 
Comers, and you are exalted by descen.ding to a better berth. This bull in 
practice, is perhaps imported from Ireland ; with which you know there is 
a great intercourse from here. 1 arrived on Saturday evening only, there- 
fore, cannot yet form any judgement of the place. There is not much 
company, but more is expected ; the height of the season is not 'till July. 
I have touched t^s'o guineas already since I came here 3 I mean in paying 
my subscription for the rooms. I must be very particular, Mrs. Lee so 
often quarrels with rac about the ambiguity of my expression. 

" I^Irs. Dinwiddle and Family are well and offer up their warmest 
wishes for Mrs. Lee's happiness. Ten to one but I shall occasion another 
n)isapprehension, yon will imagine I h^ive seen or heard of them ; but that 
will be a mistake, not mine indeed, for I know better. They are neither at 
the Wells nor at Clifton and- as I only passed thro' Bath, I had not an 
opportunity of inquiring after them. 

"Take care of indulging too much in Fish and Flesh; it is sometime 
before the Lungs recover their proper vigour after such a shock as yours 
have lately undergone. Oppressing theni suddenly, as a precipitate return 
to such diet will do, may endanger the fixing imperceptibly an obstruction 
in them detrimental if not destructive. I can assure Mrs. Lee too, that it 
is not the best way of accomplishing, what is every good Wife's most earnest 
wish, the renewal of her husband's strength. 

*' Farewell, my blessing season these things in you." 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. .'275 

To Richard Henry Lee. 

'Mjristol-Wells, 4th August, 1769. 'Sly dear Brother, — I am sorry you 
have so much reason to complain of my neglect ; for which I must rely on 
your goodness to pardon me. My letters hy Johnston brought me an ac- 
count of your marriage ; on which I give you and Mrs. Lee joy with all 
my heart. The uniun which crowns a mutual affection long tried, promises 
the most permanent felicity; and I hope every succeeding moon will find 
you equally happy with the first. I am now the only unhappy or single 
person of the family ; nor have I any prospect of being otherwise. I 
have spent this season at the Bristol Wells in i)ursuit of practice and to 
make acquaintances, and shall remain the winter at Bath with the same 
views. In the latter it is easy to succeed, in the first not quite so easy 
here as at Williamsburg. Perseverance, of which unhappily I have very 
little, is absolutely requisite to accomplish this business. I often feel so 
home sick that I cannot bear the thoughts of living forever from you ; 
so that if I am not very short lived I feel I must make another trip to see 
you. 

" Contrasted with that of this country, how illustriously eminent does 
the ])atriotic conduct of Virginia appear. I had my fears, my an.xieties 
about \'irginia, but my countrymen have fulfilled my most sanguine wishes 
and acquired an honour which can never be tarnished. Here the spirit of 
liberty is ver}' languid, and all attempts to rouse it meet with very little 
success. Corruption has spread its baneful influence so universally, that 
this country seems now to be nearly in that state in which Jugurtha found 
Rome when he exclaimed, 

' O 7^cnalevi nrbem, et cito periturain, si einptoreiii invenies? 

" However, the utmost endeavours are used to awaken a proper resent- 
ment of the atrocious injuries which have been oflered to the constitution. 
And though I believe they will obtain petitions enough to awe the ministry, 
yet I do not hojie to see all the grievances fully redressed, and the authors 
of them brought to condign punishment. With respect to us the ministry 
speak in a conciliating tone, but they are so void of all virtue that no 
credit is due to them, especially as their principles are most notoriously 
arbitrary. Persevere in the plan of frugality and industry, encourage and 
confirm a spirit never to submit or yield, and }ou will compel them to be 
just — Jhc iibi artt's, hiec anna; and may heaven render them invincible. 
The tow n of Bristol, which is very near the wells, is immersed in the turtle 
and venison feasting, and therefore seems to apprehenci little from the revo- 



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276 LF.E OF VIRGINIA. ■■ . 7 

lutions you have made ; but they will feel presently, and then I will answer 
for thoir justice being awakened, and their feeling how cruel it is to oppress 
us. We have much company here, besides invalids, dancing, card playing 
every day, so that time passes agreeably enough though idly. My Lord 
Bute having lately arrived from abroad, it is expected his advice will make 
some change in administration ; but from so imptu'C a fountain no good can 
be expected. The INTississippi scheme must lie dormant till Lord Hills- 
borough is removed, for he will never suffer it to be executed." 

To John Hopkins, Esqr., Richmond, Va. 

''New York, 13 June, 1786. Dear Sir, I this day received your favour 
of the 3rd. I shall attend to your desire of having leave of absence. But 
to pay your salary here is an absolute impossibility, not one State in the 
Union having remitted one dollar to the Treasury for two months past, nor 
is any one likely to do it. This, together with anticipations already made 
on the Treasury, precludes any hope of its being able to furnish, for the 
next quarter, the salaries of those immediately about Congress, including 
the President's household. And, if any money is obtained for this pur- 
pose, it will be from this State only. There never was so total desertion of . 
federal support as has been for sometime past. 

"This situation makes it particularly distressing to me, that neither 
the Certificates ncr Indents have produced any Cash, of which I am propor- 
tionally more in want, as this place is more expensive than Virginia, and 
strangers have very little credit. As to Pierce's notes, if they can be ex- 
changed for Militar)' Certificates drawing interest in the state, I should wish 
them to be so disposed of. If Mr. Duncomb should come to this place before 
you, I entreat you to send me what money you can collect on the Indents 
by him for I am much in want of it." 

To his nephew, Thomas Lee Shi'ppen. 

"New York, i March, 17S6. My dear Tom. You reason like Bacchus 
himself upon the superiority of Ch. J. Blake's system of study to that of 
C. J. Coke ! But there is a time for all things. I rejoice that you have 
translated yourself to the sober regions of Philadelphia. ... I want 
your ojiinion of the couduct of a neiihew of mine, v.ho shall be nameless. 
You must know that I left some clothing and other things in a tnmk at his 
father's house, which this same nephew is charged with having tumbled out 
and packed away, God knows where, taking the trunk for his own use. 
Was this handsomelv done? Your Father maintains towards me tlw most 









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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION, 277 

solemn silence. What am I to augur from it? The silence of great poli- 
ticians is always ominous ! 

"As to Cousin Frankey's demand, I can answer it in a few words. I 
opposed the Congressional Claims, four years ago, as dangerous innovations, 
without giving the States an opportur.ity in peace of supporting federal 
demands, conformably to the confederation. The trial has been made, 
and the States have proved shamefully defective. So that they have brought 
it to a question now whether we shall continue a confederate nation or not. 
I still think the system is not good ; but it is better than a dishonest bank- 
ruptcy — better than that we should be degraded from the rank of Nations — 
better than that we should violate all public faith, and much better than 
that we should see hostile Squadrons before our Towns, demanding, with 
bitter and merited reproaches of violated faith, a payment of our just debts 
and fulfilment of solemn engagements." 

"To Thomas Lee Shippen, Esqr., No. 3 Church-yard Court, Inner 
Temple, London. 

'•New York, 2 January, 17S7. My dear Nephew, Many happy New 
Years to you. The Packet is arrived but no letter from you, which I 
much lament. Yours by Mr. Voss came safely. I am afraid that our own 
conduct will soon render us objects of pity and contempt, instead of resent- 
ment. Great, no doulu u ill be the triumph, where you are, when they see 
us sacrilegiously pulling down the glorious name we had raised among the 
nations of the Earth. The formidable insurrections in the State [of Massa- 
chusetts] where we supposed government was best established, and the 
general reluctance in them all to support the federal government with eftect, 
banishes all hope of our maintaining the dignity of national character which 
we had acquired. I am in doubt whether a majority cf the States will con- 
cur with Virginia in sending Delegates to a National Convention. Most of 
them seem to think that the proposition for amending the Constitution, and 
the mode, should originate with Congress, and be proposed to the States. 
Diversity of opinion will leave us where we were. Li this situation of 
inaction and incertitude, it requires more sagacity in political events than I 
possess to determine what will be the issue. It is unpleasing to conjecture 
even, because conjecture covers it with confusion, shame and horror to us 
as a Nation. 

" I wish you to enquire whether Lands in the Province of Maine or in 
Kentucky will sell in London. I have a grant in the former of excellent 
Land, six thousand acres, for which I would take 5^-. sterling per acre ; and 
10,000 in Kentucky at the same price. The titles are unquestionable, and 



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ayS t.EE OF VfRGINIA. 

certainly to one that would provide for young children, no plan can be 
more eligible. I would engage to furnish the original Patents to any Agents 
here on the deposit of the money in a l^anker's hands in London, subject 
to my disposal, when such agent's certificate of the original patent and deed 
from me, are delivered to him, for the purchasers. 

"We have no Congress, at present, nor any certainty of one. I for- 
ward you Letters from Phil'a. which will fuinish you all the news there. 
Remember me to all inquiring friends, and do not forget me to Mrs. Adams 
and Mrs. Smith and their husbands. It is most true that I have not written 
to Mr. and Mrs. Paradise ; but it is not so, that I do not remember them 
aftectionately, and of this, I beg you will assure them. I am from my 
situation more a stranger to their affairs in Yi)ginia than they are; other- 
wise 1 should have written to them on that sul.^ject." 

To SAME, WITH SAME ADDRESS. 

"2 May, 1787. Your favours of 19th Jany., 6th Feby., and 6th 
March, are all before me. Isly absence in A'irginia accumulated them for 
one reading. I had before attended to the expense of postage and there- 
fore forwarded some letters by a private ship instead of the Packer. 
This and not inclosing is all that can be done, l)ecause tlie Captains are 
not only enjoined by Law, but tempted by receiving id. on each letter to 
commit the Letters they bring to the post at the first port. It is therefore 
to particular friends only that they will do the favour of delivering letters 
or packets in London. 1 could not have agreed in the opinion that ISIr. 
Pitt's administration would not survive tins jtarliament. By the best 
accounts his abilities and integrity deserve jiermanency, and will have it 
unless royal jealousy, which is the intolerable principle of his Master, and 
has been the misfortune of tlie present reign, should take alarm and de- 
termine his fall. ]l'In:fi that \\\\\ happen is not calculable upon the princi- 
ples of reason ; but when it does, Mr. Pitt will tall the victim of a narrow 
and even envious sentiment in the royal breast, however great his abilities 
may be or unblemished his administration. In the duplicity and littleness 
of the King's mind, courtiers and anti-courtiers all agree. The ministers, 
therefore, who hang on this Prince's favour are in an eminent degree ex- 
posed to those sudden court frosts which ni}^ their honours, e\'en in their 
fullest bloom. 

" I am sorry that your ob.servation on the minority of the jjeople are not 
graced with that liberality which 1 wished, ^\'e are certainly ourselves the 
chief cause of that asperity which you have observed in their sentiments and 
conduct towards us. We have not conducted ourselves with that modesty 



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STR.\TFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 279 

wliich manifests true dignity; we have not managed the wounded spirit of 
a great nation. But we have aggravated their mortification by violence and 
insolence and vain boasting. At the same time, we exposed ourselves to their 
contempt by the dishonesty of our conduct, the dissensions of our Councils, 
and the v/eakness of our governments. Is it their fault that v.e have ren- 
dered ourselves at once hated and contemptible? Is it surprising that they 
shouM seize the commercial advantages which our intolerance of all wise 
and honest regulations gave them; when we had vainly threatened the ex- 
termination of their commerce and boasted of our superiority? We had 
no right to expect commercial favours from them, when our behaviour was 
by no means calculated to obtain as a favour what we could not demand 
as a right. We have not considered that v/e are an infant nation and re- 
quired nursing ; tliat our governments were yet experimental, unknit and 
unestablished, and therefore requiring much wisdom and temper in man- 
agement, both at home and abroad. We have sported with our national 
character as children do v.ith baubles ; and have nearly inclined the world 
to believe that we are incapable of self government. All this is our own 
fault, and we must not expect that a nation we have so sorely v/ounded will 
see it without rejoicing, and not take advantage of our follies. 

"Lord Lansdov.ne says it is not his fault if he does not see you fre- 
quently; ' that you may depend on his attention and services.' Where he 
forms an attachment, he is constant in his friendship. \Vhat he most ad- 
mires is Uianliness of character. You will, I hope, visit him often and culti- 
vate his good opinion. But I warn you that a little more liberality in your 
sentiments of the government and people of England will not hurt you in 
his estimation. Nor, indeed, do I think it will be any impeachment of 
your candour and judgment. I l:>eg you will always assure his Lordship) of 
my unalterable respect, and that you will not forget to remember me to his 
son, Lord Wycombe. I am mistaken if he does not possess a mind of 
great nol)leness and worth. His age and yours are more likely to assimilate 
into friendship than th.at of his Father, and therefore you will permit me 
to wish that you would be very attentive to him. There is hardly anything 
more lovely than friendship formed in youth between worthy minds. It is 
always a pleasing reflection thro' life and often extremely useful. 

'•'It is painful to me to write on the people and politics of the U. S. 
The utmost that charity can say is tr.at they do not improve. The same 
unprincipled pursuit of private speculations, the same sacrifice of the public 
honour and interests to the selfish objects of individuals, the same antipathy 
in the dishonest to the payment of public and private [debts?], the same 
open and sometimes studied violation of their faith pledged in the confed- 
eration by their respective Assensb'.ies. The most banef;! of ail luxuries, 



■w'. -^ ):!r b : 






,! •>() : .1; 



28o LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

the luxury of the common people, who are more extravagant than any peo- 
ple in the world of tlie same rank. All those conspire the dissolution of 
government, the corruption of manners, the insecurity of property and the 
destruction of national faith, character and confidence. 

" P'or remedy of these c^'ils the Convention is now meeting in Philadel- 
phia. Gcn'l Washington, Afr. Henry, your Uncle R. H. Lee have refused 
to attend it. I do not hope anything from this meeting ; because, in fact, 
the evil is rooted in the very Asseml)lies, who are to confirm the acts of the 
Convention. This renders it too probable that a plan of dignity and effect 
will not even be proposed, and, if proposed, will not be accepted. It is 
plain to me that what is doing is tempering with the disease, deceiving the 
people and endangeiing some violent commotion. It is most manifest that 
we have not the public virtue and private temperance which are necessary 
to the establishment at least of free Republics ; but that we have courage, 
enterprise, and high-mindedncss to make a great and even illustrious people 
under one sovereignty, consisting of an Imperial head, a Senate for life and 
an elective house of Commons. All things short of this appears to me the 
frippery of little politicians, whose minds are incapable of deep reflection 
and bold execution." 

To SAME. 

" 29 May. Since I wrote the above, Mr. Adams' defense of the Con- 
stitution of America has fallen into my hands. The work is anything but 
what the title imports, because there is not one State in the Union whose 
Constitution is balanced as his Book proves they ought to be. It is very 
nnich read and will do a great deal of good. Had M. Turgot rCvad a single 
chapter in Bulstrode Whitelock on Parliament, he would have been con- 
vinced that the balance in the English Constitution is essential to the 
preservation and pros[)crity of it, and it would have weaned him from his 
preference to Franklin's detective Bantling. Mr. Adams has fully illus- 
trated Whitelock's balance, and in his preference for the English Constitu- 
tion, I do most heartily cor.cur. In your letter by the Bishop and that by 
Mr. Randall, you mentioned having sent packets of pamphlets and papers 
to me. But I have neither received any such, nor with all my inquiry 
can I learn anything of them. Yr. sister writes me that the Millinery, 
which she supposes you sent her by Mr. Randall, is not received. There 
seems to be some equivoque in all this." 

To SAME. 

" 4th June. I am to thank you for yours of 6th April, by Mr. Harri- 
son who was very careful of all you sent. Reynolds is truly an Attorney, 
therefore put no confidence in him. The unpopularity of Mr. Adams gives 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 281 

ine pain. I am afraid he has appeared too much to associate with men in 
opposition to the government, which may ha\e soured the minds of the 
King and his Ministers. At the same time I am much incHncd to believe 
that both these personages are inimical to America, and therefore must hate 
a man of Mr. .\dams' integrity and real patriotism. I shall endeavour to 
improve by the rebuke of Mr. Atlams, and I sincerely pray that the judg- 
ment I have formed of our fellow citizens and our affairs may be altogether 
unfounded. 

"Ten States are now represented in Convention, and in general, very 
well represented. Gen'l Washington, having altered his mind, attended 
and is its President; your Uncle R. H., would not attend because, being a 
member of the Congress, who are to receive nev/ powers and to determine 
upon the Acts of the Convention, he thought there v.-as manifest impropriety 
in it; and that it would be a very popular argimient v/ith the anti-federalist 
men in the several Assemblies against ratifying the Acts of the Convention. 
There are however several members of Congress attending in Convention, 
and I wish it may not have the consequence my Brother apprehends. 

"As yet the Convention has done nothing iriaterial. Many and vari- 
ous are the jilans of different members. Some are for two estates, executive 
and legislative, with a negative on the acts of the several legislatures. Some 
for adding an Executive to the present Congress. Others are for giving 
more powers to Congress ; others for changing the Cojistitulion of Con- 
gress, as well as adding powers, and some are for not giving any additional 
powers. Amendment, by some additional powers, and the alteration of 
others, seenis to have been the ol)ject of the appointment and no more will 
the Assemblies giant at present. But, if I can effect it, there shall be a 
Convention ever)' 5 years, so that by gradual amendments we may get right 
at last. For I do not expect that a total reforniation would be adopted, and 
by attempting too much, at once, we may lose all. llie Democracy have 
such prevalence that great management is necessary to reduce them to order 
and establish a proper balance. I do not know the exact number of Emi- 
grants to Pennsylvania, but it has certainly becii very great. 

"Since the election of Mr. Hancock as Gov'r the Insurgents have 
again put themselves in motion and things wear an alarming aspect. How 
he will act is yet to be seen, lint I apprehend he will temjier with them 
'till they have augmented their force, so as to raise a convulsion in the 
State, that will shake him like a catter-pillar from the tree he is destroying. 
It seems to me that this man's unbounded vanit}' and extravagance, accom- 
panied with both want of sense and principle, is the curse of tliat happy 
State. He is supported, as I am told, by Sullivan, Hitchborne, and Mor- 



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282 LEE OF VIRGINIA. .. • - . 

ton, three Lawyers of daring character and not too squeamish conscience. 
The ingratitude of the people to Mr. Bowdoin is among the sins which their 
own calamities will make them repent of. 

" I will send you some newspapers by Carper or any other private 
opportunity that I can find. By that time perhaps something of conse- 
quence may transpire from the Convention. They have determined not to 
open their doors. You see how I have economised my paper. U the Vene- 
tian Count is not an impostor, Miss is very well off. 

" 6 Jany. Nothing of any consequence has occurred since the last 
date, and the mail closes in a few hours, therefore I have only, my dear 
Nephew, to bid you most cordially Adieu." 

'*To Thomas Lee Shippen, Esqr., No. 4, New College, Oxford." Post- 
mark, " New York, ist. August, 17S7." 

" I received your favour of the 6th ult., my dear Nephew, but not the 
Magazines &:c. Probably ]Mr. Joy sent it on to your father, for he told me 
he had none for me. It surprises me that you should complain of not 
having heard from rne for some time. I have written once a month by the 
Packet or by some private ship, so that 1 nmst fear that all of my letters 
have miscarried. Mr. Richard Penn carried many letters to you by the 
last Packet. Our affairs rest much as they were. Nothing material escapes 
of what passes in the Convention. Much is ex])ected from the deliberation 
of their debates, and it is hoped that something will at last be produced 
worthy of such a Body and of such mature discussion. The present pos- 
sessors of State powers are in general against any alteration. But the 
People, at large, appear anxious for change and more eftlcient general 
Government. And this sentiment, I think, must at last prevail. The 
Science of Government is no trifling matter. It requires education and 
experience, it requires the habits of great worlds and of great men, 
it requires the leisure which independent fortune gives and the elevation of 
mind, which birth and rank impart. Without these, you might as well 
attempt to make sevres china out of couimon earth as Statesmen and Poli- 
ticians out of men bred and born in the sordid occurrences of common life. 
This is an evil remediable, indeed, by time, and in that we must put our 
trust. In the interim, if we have the prudence to be sure we can walk be- 
fore we attempt to run ; we may escape the shame and injury of falling. 
By slow degrees the liberal arts were won, and Hercules grew strong. The 
mighty oak was first an humble plant, and some Shei^herd's cottages swelled by 
long and gradual steps into Imperial Rome, the nurse of Heroes, the delight 
of the Gods. By the same gradual progress must we arrive at imperialism. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 283 

" Not, my dear Nephew, not by that vanity and pride of opinion which 
seem to possess us merely, and which, I confess, [)uts me too much in mind 
of the frog in the fable. \Vhat ideas must that Governor have had of the 
character of sovercii^n states and of the dignity of the diplomatic corps, 
who would reconmicud such an animal as Mr. Lamb to be a negotiator of 
treaties, and who would have believed it possible that such a creature 
should have visited Europe and Africa as a Minister tYom the United States 
of America. In all ])robability had he missed this appointment, the same 
sage Governor would have recommended him to be the Skipper of a New 
England schooner. 

'' This is an odious subject to think on, and I wish it was the only one 
of that complexion. My sentiments on these matters will be condemned 
by the very pride I have censured, for pride and dignity are seldom allied. 
But what I mean by it is, that instead of being proud in words, we should 
be dignified in acts, not vain in speculation but prudent in conduct. 

"How did it happen that you said nothing about our noble relation, 
when you enclosed his letter? Is he assuredly noble, with ^^2,000 per 
annum, and if so what could be the Father's ol)jection ? Mr. Wilkes is a 
man of high ])olilical discernment. He must therefore see with disappoint- 
ment and anxiety the falling off of those whose virtue he always professed 
to admire, and in whose success he so avowedly interested himself I beg 
you will remem.ber me to him most affectionately. It pleases me nnich that 
Lord Lansdowne corresponds with you. I again exhort you to cultivate 
his friendship and that of Lord Shelburne. Remember me to them both, 
particularly to Lord Lansdowne. ^Vhene\er the Convention shall have 
settled and announced their plan for our future government, I shall write 
to him. What are his politics touching Hastings and Holland?" 

" 3oih July. The Convention has adjourned for ten days, leaving Gov. 
Randolph, Mr. Rutledge, Mr. Ellsworth, Mr. ^N'ilson and Mr. Gorman a 
committee to arrange what has been agreed upon for the final decision of 
the whole. It is therefore to be conjectured that we shall soon begratif3-ed 
with the plan they mean to recommend. ..." 

" ist August. I waited to see whether the post would bring any letters 
from our friends in Phil'a, but it has not. Your Uncle Richard is here, 
lives with me, and is in better health than I have seen him since I came to 
America. He remembers and loves you. I answered Count Barziza's let- 
ter, but directed it to Mr. Paradise^ for want of his address. We shall cer- 



* Lucy Ludwell, sister of M.-s. WiHi.ini Lee, and second daughter of Philip Ludwell and Frances 
Grymcs, his wife, nmrricd, in 1769, John J'aradiie, of London; their daughter, also called Lucy Ludwell 
(born about 1770), married, in 17S7, Count Barziza, a Venetian nobleman ; she died in August, 1800, and 
left two sons. 



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284 LEE OK VIRGINIA. . - - 

tainly receive Mrs. Paradise with cordial love whenever she comes, which I 
do not expect will hapjien ; however much she may talk of it. Give my 
love to them, if }'0i'. please. A'our Father talked of your travelling for a 
year ; write me your plan, in yotir next, that I may assist you with recom- 
mendations. Remember me to Dr. Price, if you see him. I will write him 
by the next Packet. Adieu." 

Dr. Arthur Lee'.s will was recorded in the county court of Middlesex, 
at the court-house of Urbanua, on December 24lh, 1792, and Richard 
Henry I.ee qualif.ed as executor : 

I, Arthur Lee of LutiaJosvii ia the county of Middlesex, being of Sound and disposing 
mind, do make this my last will and testaineiit, revoking all others : this twenty seventh day 
of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety two. 

1st My will is, that all of my just debts Le paid, and that my Remains be interred in 
the N'ault of my dear parents ; unless I should die at an inconvenient distance. 

2nd I give to my most dear brother Richard Henry Lee, for his life only all my lands 
and Negroes, houses, Stocks and furniture, except as hereafter shall be excepted, in the 
county of Middlesex. 

3rd I give the said lands, Iiouses, Airnilin-e, Negroes and Stock at the death of my said 
brother to his son IVancis Ligblfoot Lee, to;:'-Hher with all my lands in Kentucky, with my 
lots in the town of Richmond, to hiai and his heirs forever. 

4th I give to my said Nephew, F. L. Lee, the tract of land in the province of Maine 
granted to me by the State of 2^Iassachusetts, to him and his heirs forever. 

5ih I give to my said nephew fifteen acres of Land, being a lot in the Parish of 
Passyunk, near Philadcli'hia, to him and his heirs forever. 

6ih I give to my said nephew my stock in the IJank of North America. 

7tli I give to my nephew Ca^^Jus Lee :ny lots in Norfolk, ray lands on the north side 
of the Ohio, consisting of my shares in th.e Ohio Company and my jmrchases from the United 
States on the seven ranges, and also my purchase from Col. Henry Lee of his Military 
rights, consisting of eight thousand five hundred acres, to him and his heirs forever. 

8th I give to my nephew Cassius Lee my postponed 6 per cents in the funds of the 
United States. 

9th 1 give to my ncph.cw Ludwell Lee all nry Trench Books and Manuscripts. 

loth I give to nicce Floia Lee my set of white tea China of Sevres, together with the 
red and white Sevres China Coffee Cups, Tea j.ot, Milk pot and bowl. 

Ilth I give to my niece Hannah Washington, one half acre lot in Alexandria lying on 
Washington and Oronoko Streets and lelt on ground rents, to her and her heirs forever. 

1 2th I give to my niece Ann Lee, a half acre lot in Alexandria lying on Princess and 
St. Asaph streets which I purchased of Col. Henry Lee, to her and her heirs forever, also 
my silver desert knives with pearl handles. 

13th I give to my niece Harriet Lee the six lots in Alexandria soU to me by Col. 
Henry Lee and which by his agreement with me were to yield tlfty pounds per annum 
ground rents, to her and her iicirs forever. 

14th I give to my niece Sally Lee one half acre lot in Alexandria No. 76 on Duke and 
Royal Streets, to her and heirs forever. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 285 

15th I give to my niece Liicinda Lee one half acre lot in Alexandria lyino: on Duke and 
St. Asaph Street and lett on ground rents to her and her beirs forever. 

l6th I give to rny niece Ann Brent a piece of plate as she may choose of the value of 
twenty Guineas. 

17th I give to my dear sister-in-law Rebecca Lee of Menokin my diamond ring and 
my gold sleeve buttons with pictures in them. 

iSth I give to my dear sister-in-law wife to Richd. Henry Lee a piece of plate of the 
value often guineas. 

19th I give to my dear brother Francis Lightfoot Lee, my gold enamelled Snuff Box set 
with diamonds. 

20th I give all the residue of my estate real and personal to my dear brother Richard 
Henry Lee, if he should survive me, if not, then to his son P'rancis Lightfoot Lee. 

2lst I constitute and appoint my brother Richard Henry Lee, my sole executor and if 
I should survive him, then I request my friend Ralph Wormley of Rosegill to accept of that 
charge and of a piece of plate worth thirty guineas for his trouble. 

October 25th 1792. Codicil — I give to my nephew Cassius Lee five thousand dollars 
in lieu of the deferred six per cents, which I give to my nephew Francis Lightfoot Lee and 
it is my will that the atoresaid 5,000 dollars should be paid out of ray stock (No 6) to my 
nephew F. L. Lee. 

Colonel John Lee. 

22. John *, eldest son of Henry Lee ^ (Richard ^ Richard ^), and ISIary 
Bland, his wife, was probably born at "Lee Hall," "Westmoreland, about 
1724 ; he died in the year 1767. It appears to have been the usual custom 
to bequeath to ttic eldest son the family homestead ; but, in the case of 
John Lee, this custom does not seem to have been observed, for Richard, 
tlie second son, in_herited ■'•' Lee Hall." The apparent cause of this was 
that John had settled in Essex county, where he was clerk of the courts as 
early as 1745, which was two years before his father died. He held the 
office until 1761, when he was succeeded by his first cousin, John, son of 
IMiiliji Lee, of ^laryland ; it appears they marric-d sisters. 

John Lee represented Essex county in the House of Burgesses in 1762- 
6y 64-65. There is no information as to any other positions filled by him.^ 
He married, on the 20th of December, 1749, Mrs. Mary (Smith) Ball. (She 
is said to have been a daughter of the Rev. Thomas Smith, a rector of 
Cople parish.) After Mr. Lee's death, she married, for the third time (30th 
of August, 176S) "'old John Smith, the inoculator," as he was called in a 
letter from Philip Ludwell Lee to his brother \\'illiam, under date of 31st 
of May, 1769. John Lee lived at "Cabin Point," on the Potomac River, 
where he died. His widow died in 1S02. They had no cliildren ; conse- 

'• NoTH. In a court rcconl, tl.K John Lfc sv^s given the title of " Colonel," which uould indicate th.Tt 
he he)J some position in the county railitia. Th-.; exact niear.ing of these titles has not been clcirly shown ; 
yet they were very exact, in those days, in giving these nulitary titles only to persons who held certain 

positions. 



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286 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

quently he left the larger part of his estate (after his wife's death) to the 
male heirs of his brothers, Richard and Henry, the reversion beinr'; in favor 
of his nephe^v, Henry (afterward General Henry) Lee ; and as Richard 
Lee left no male heirs, almost all of this estate came eventually to General 
Henry Lee. The family portraits, mentioned in John's will, were all de- 
stroyed by fire many years ago. 

John Lee's will was dated the 23d of September, 1765, and probated, 
at Westmoreland, on the 24th of February, 1767. It reads: 

In the name of God, .^men. I John Lee of the County of Essex, gentleman, being 
sick and weak in body but of sound memory and understanding (praise God for it) do make 
this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking and disannulling all former \Vins by me 
heretofore made first and principally I commend my soul into the hands of Ahnighty God ray 
Creator hoping for free pr.rdon and remission of all my Sins and to enjoy Everln-ting Ilapjn- 
ness in his Heavenly kingdom through the sole merits of Jesus Christ my Saviour. My body 
I commit to the Earth at the discretion of my Executors hereinafter named and as to such 
worldly estate as it hath pleased God to intrust me I dispose of as foUoweth : Item, I lend 
unto my wife Mary Lee all my estate both real and personal excepting the lands purchased 
by me of John Miller and Thomas Ayres, during her natural life. Item, I lend unto John 
Lee, Junr, and Susam^a, his wife, during their natural lives, the land purchased of John 
Miller and Thomas Ayres aforesaid, and I give and devise the remainder in said Lands to 
my Cousin Hancock Lee (son of the said Jo'an Lee, Junr.l t'-^ him and his heirs forever. 
Item, I give and bequeath unto the said Hancock Lee all llie re-t of my lands in the County 
of F^ssex to him and his heirs forever. Item, T lend (after the death of my wife) unto my 
brother Henry Lee for and during his life my lands in Westmoreland County called King 
Capsicoe, which my father purchased of John Wright, William Chandler and Deliverance, 
his wife, and Susanna .A-ppleyard and the lands I purchased of Francis Wright and Molly, 
his wife, and after the death of my said brother Henry, I give and devise the said Lands 
unto my nephew Henry Lee and his heirs forever, provided my said nephew live to the age 
of twenty-one years, remainder to my said lirotiier Henry and his heirs forever. Item, after 
the death of my wife, I lend all the rest of my lands in Westmoreland unto my brother 
Richard Lee for and during his natural life, the remainder I give and devise to the issue 
male of my said lirother Richard Lee but for want of such issue I give and devise the said 
lands to my nephew Henry Lee and his heirs, provided my said nephew lives to the age of 
twenty one years, remaimler to my brother Henry and his heirs. Item, I lend unto my sister 
Lcttice Uall during her lite the negroes I purchased of Col". William Ball's estate, Vizt. 
Letty and her child Frank, George and Betty and their increase and after the dealh of my 
.Sister I give the said negroes and their increase to my niece Mary Rail and Nepliew Henry 
Lee Ball to be equally divided between them and their heirs forever. Item, I give unto my 
wife Mary Lee my negro fellow Abel, Moll (the daughter of Yellow Xan) my chariot Harness 
and si.\ chariot horses to her and her heirs forever. Item. After the payment of my debts 
I give unto Mary Smith and Fanny Smith Daughters of Baldwin Mathews Smith one young 
negro woman each to them and their heirs forever. Item. .After the life of my wife my 
will is th.it my negroes be divided into three equal parts, one third wdiereof I lend to my 
brother Henry Lee duriiig his life and after his death I give the ^^:^me to my r.ei'hew Henry 
Lee and his heirs, provided he live to the age of twenty one years, otherwise 1 give the 



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STKATKORD LINE, POURTH GENERATION. 287 

same to ray brother Henry I.ee and his heirs. Item, I lend one other third part of my 
said negroes to my brother Richard Lee during his hfe, the remainder to the issue of my said 
brotiier Richard Lee Imt for want of such issue, I give the same to my brother Henry Lee 
and his heirs. Item, I give the other third and residue of my slaves to in manner following, 
that is to say, one moiety thereof to Hancock Lee, son of John Lee Junr., and his heirs, the 
other moiety I give to be equally divided amongst Lettice Lee, Philip Lee, Mary Lee and 
Elizabeth Lee, the other children of the said John Lee and their heirs. Item, I give and 
bequeath unto my nephew Hancock Lee my negro fellow Peter (carpenter) exclusive of his 
part of the other slaves afore^aid. Item, I give unto the said Hancock Lee ray desk, book 
case, and clock. Item, T give to my brother Henry Lee my picture and those of my Father 
and mother. . . . Item, my will is that my wife sell any timber from the Lands lent her for 
her own use or for the payment of my debts. . . . Item, I do hereby appoint and constitute 
my wife Mary Lee Executrix, my brothers Richard Lee and Heury Lee, Executors, of this 
my last will and Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and aflixed 
my seal the twenty third day of September one thousand seven hundred and sixty five. 

"Squire" Richard Lee. 

23. Richard*, the second son of Henry Lee^ (Richard ^ Richard*), 
and Mary Bland, his wife, was probably born at "Lee Hall," Westmoreland, 
about 1726. His cousin, William Lee, in 1771, wrote of him : '-Richard 
is still living and unmarried, though forty-five years old, which is a great 
age for a bachelor in Virginia." Richard was always known amongst his 
contemporaries as the ''Squire," and was constantly so nanied in their 
letters. The '•' Squire " bore a prominent part in the affairs of his county, 
representing Westm.oreland almost continuous!}' from 1757 to the time of 
his death. He was a Burgess in 1757-5S-62-69-72-74 ; a member of the 
Conventions of 1775-76 ; of the House of Delegates in i 777-S0-S4-5-6-7- 
90-93. As the lists of the memliers of these various l-odie? are very incom- 
plete, it may be assumed, as stated before, that he was in almost continu- 
ous service from 1757 to 1795. He was also a justice of the peace, one of 
the vestry of Cople parish (1755, i7?>5), and naval officer for the " p->ort of 
South Potomack." One of his licenses reads thus : 

These are to Lycence and Permit William Lawrence nuister of the Schooner Harriet of 
Virginia, to break bulk. Unload and Land in any part of this District, twelve Tons of Barr 
and Six of Pigg-Iron, and one hh'd of New England Rum, here legally imported in the said 
Schooner from Annapolis, and the rates and duties imposed by Act of General Assembly on 
the Rum secured according to law. 

Given under our hands at the Custom Hou^e this 25th day of May, 1773. 

Only a few of the " Squire's" letters have been found, and they are 
remarkable for tlieir terseness and brevity. One, written to his friend 
Landou Carter, of "Sabine Hall," on the back of which Mr. Carter en- 
dorsed these words, " pliirissimum in parvissimo," gave the important 



288 . LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

news of the day in these few words : " Williamsburgh, loth May, 1777. 
Dear Sir, Wythe Speaker, Xichola.s and Harrison Candidates ; Dr. Lee at 
^^adrid•; Spain urges France to declare war, France will assist America 
with everything site wants. British cruisers off the Capes ; Washington 
ten thousand strong; Carlton within thirty-five miles of Ticonderoga." 
Two other letters, equally terse, read : 

" To William Lee, Esqr., London. Virginia, 7th March, 1775. Dear 
Sir, 1 wrote you the 23rd of Februaiy that your Brother, the Honourable 
l^hilip Ludwell Lee, Esqr., departed this life the 21st of that month. He 
was interred on the 24th of February, his birthday, and a son was born the 
same day and at the time of his Litermcnt. No will has yet been found. 
Col. Robt. Boiling at Petersburgh is dead. We are to have a Provincial 
Congress at Richmond the 20th of this month. Our Assembly is prorogued 
to the first Thursday in May. Lord Dartmouth has directed the Governor 
not to call an Assembly upon any account unless the Emergency of an 
Indian war requires it. No news of your ship." 

"Richmond, iSth November, 1785. Sir, The Taxes are reduced ^^ 
lov.er than last year. No commutables to be taken. Tobacco from 25/ to 
28/ per hund. Wheat at 6/ per bushel ; about 80 square rigged vessels at 
Norfolk and in James River. Indian corn 5/6 a bushel in Madeira [?]. 
PLase to forward the Inclosed. P. S. Jas. Mercer Judge of the Court of 
Appeals in the room of Mr. Blair." 

No superscription. 

The " Squire " seems to have been an odd character, a rather rough 
diamond. The follov/ing chatty letter from Alice, daughter of Richard 
and ( I race (.\shton) Lee, of Blenheim, Charles county, Maryland, will 
be found of interest ; it is inserted here, as it comments so strongly on the 
'• Si[uire." It was written to William Lee, of London : 

"Maryland, 27 September, 1772. So you threaten me if I prove de- 
ficient in the deference I owe you as a married man, with the power you 
liave of forwarding or retarding my success in the Matrimonial Way. This 
would be a tremendous threat indeed were I as fond of ^h^trimony as my 
young Mistress, as you call her; but hap'jiily I am a little more than twelve 
years old and not so eager to tye a knot which Death alone can Dissolve. 
And yet 1 pretend not to ridicule the holy sacred institution, but have all 
due reverence fur that arid the worthy people who have entered into the 
Soeiet), fron.i good and generous motives. It is only those who chuse to 
be married at all evenis that I think deserve raillery. I was in Virginia 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 289 

when your letter came and complyd with your request relative to Miss Gal- 
loway's letter immediately. Your friends there are well, but I never saw 
Westmoreland so dull. I was at Squire Lee's when your Letter came. He 
is the veriest Tramontane in nature ; if he ever gets married., if his wife 
civilizes him, she deserves to be Cannonized. 

" I uish it was settled who is to be our Master here ; I hear it v/ill be 
soon. So you can't forbear a fling at femalities ; believe me Curiosity is as 
imputable to the Sons as to the Daughters of Eve. Think you there was 
ever a Lady more Curious than our Cousin the Squire ? He himself is the 
greatest of all curiosities ; but hang him, how came he to pop twice into 
my head while I was writing to you. 

" The Annapolis Races Commence the 6th of C'ctober, the Company 
is expected to be numerous and splendid. The American Comp'y of 
Players are there and are said to be amazingly improved. I should like to 
see them, as I think Theatrical Entertainments a rational amusement ; but 
I shall not be there. I, indeed, lead rather a recluse Life, my greatest 
pleasure results from the Correspondence of my friends in different parts of 
the ^^'orld, and I arn very assiduous to cultivate this kind of amusement. 
I know your abilities will always furnish you with materials to give me this 
pleasure, and I ho[)e )our inclination will coincide. Mrs. .Inn Lee has not 
yet exhibited any raiiling accusation against you. I thank your Mrs. Lee 
for her amicable wishes and desire you to greet her and Dr. Lee v.'ith my 
friendly Salutations." 

When about sixty years old, " Squire " Lee married his first cousin, 
Sally, daughter of Peter Poythrcss, the "Antiquary," of '' Branchester," 
Prince George's county. She was a granddaughter, and he a grandson, of 
Richard l]land. She was much his junior, being only sixteen when mar- 
ried. The " Squire " died in 1 795, leaving a son and three daughters ; the 
son died very shortly after his father ; the widow married, on the 23d of 
May, 179S, Capt. Willoughby Newton, 3d; died on the cSth of I^Lay, 
1S2S, and was buried at •' Lee Hall." She had se\eral children by her 
second husband, among them Willoughby Newton, of " Linden," who 
married Mary, daughter of Judge \Villiam Prockenbrough, and v.as the 
father of the Rev. John B. Newton, M. D., now assistant Bishop of Virginia. 

Richard Lee's will was written the i6th of February, 1790, and pro- 
bated, at \Vestmoreland, the 23d of March, 1795 : 

In the Name of God, Amen. I Richard Lee of Lee Hall, in the parish of Cople in the 
County of NVeslnioreland, Es juire, being now in perfect health and strength of iJody and 
mind, consideiing the uncertainty of my life, do declare tliLs to be my last Will and Testa- 
ment. Imprimis my Soui I do entirely resign up again with all humility and sincerity my 
19 



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290 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

frail strength is able to express to the Lord God of the Heavens and the Earth, my Creator 
from whom my sinful tlesh received it, in steadfast hope of mercy and forgiveness of ail my 
offences only through the sufferings and merits of his most beloved Saviour. Amen. Amen. 
Amen. Item, My Body, I desire may be buried at the discretion of my Executors hereafter 
named. Item, I give and bequeath to my son Richard Lee and his heirs forever all my 
estate real and personal in possession or reversion subject to th.e Legacys hereafter mentioned 
and I desire that he may have the best Education that the Est.ite I have given him will 
afford. Item, I give and bequeath to my Wife Sally fifty pounds a year lor four years after 
my death to be paid annually, besides her dower. Item, I give and bequeath my Lands in 
Hampshire and Berkeley Countys to my Executors in trust to be sold for the payment of my 
Debts. Item, I give to my Daughter who is not Christened and* was bom the Twelfth day 
of February 1790, One Thousand pounds sterling money of Great Britain, to be paid to her 
when she arrives of the age of twenty one years or the day of marriage which shall first bap- 
pen and Forty pounds sterling a year for her mentainance and Education till she arrives to 
the age of twenty one years or day of Marriage which shall first happen. Item, I give to 
Mrs. Mary Graham, my niece, One hundred pounds current money. Item I give to each 
of my nephews and nieces a Mourning Ring of twenty shillings sterling value. Item, I 
desire my Estate may be kept together four years after my decease and that the profits may 
be applied to the Discharge of my Debts and Legacys and I desire and empower my Exec- 
utors to sell any part of my personal Estate and such of the slaves as they think necessary 
for the payment of my Debts. Item, I give to William Watts a suit of Cloaths, shoes, 
stockings, hat and shirt to the value of Ten pounds sterling. I desire and order that the 
Minister of the Church of England that is the lacumbent of Cople parish he paid five pounds 
sterling a year out of my Estate untill my son Richard arrives to the age of twenty one years 
and in case my said son should die before that time the above Legacy be continued till he 
would have arrived at La\\ full age. Lastly I do hereby revoke all former Wills and Testa- 
ments before made by me and I do constitute and appoint my nephews Charles Lee Esqr., 
Richard Bland Lee Esqr., and my two friends Mr. Fleet Cox (he elder and Mr. Fleet Co.x 
Junior, Executors of this my last Will and Testament and Guardians to my children. In 
Witness whereof I have hereunto set ray hand and Seal the Sixteenth day of February in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety and in the fourteenth year of the 
Commonwealth. 

Richard and Sally (Poythress) Lee had four children: 

i, Richard ^ who evidently died young and unmarried. 
ii, Mary*, who was born the 12th of February, 1790 (as stated in her 
father's will), ar^d died in 1S48 ; she married in 1S04 Thomas Jones, 
Esq., of Chesterfield county, the son of General Joseph and Jane 
(Atkinson) Jones, ^ and had four sons : Joseph, Richard Lee, Thomas, 
and Robert Benson. Of these Judge Thomas Jones, of Richmond 
county, died early in 1S94, aged about So years, leaving a son, Wil- 
liam A. Jones, who was elected in November, 1804, for the third term, 
to represent the First Congressional District of Virginia in the House 
of Representatives. 



^ Rtcortii ef Bristol Par ith, 138. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 29 1 

iii, Lettice ^ born in 1792, and died in 1827; married in 1809 Dr. 
John Augustine Sniith (said to have been the son of the Rev. Augus- 
tine Smith, "old Parson Smith of the Glebe," as he was styled, some 
time rector of Cople parish), who was formerly president of William 
and Mary College, and later of the " College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons " of New York City. Their children were: Sally Poythress, 
who married John Cainpbell. of New York; Martha Rurwell, who mar- 
ried John H. IIilchl)urn, of Philadelphia ; Mary Dabney, who died 
unmarried, and Augustine, a lawyer, of New York City. 

iv, RiCHARDiA ^, born in 1795 and died in 1S50; married in 1815, Presley 
Cox, and had t\so daughters: Elizabeth, who married E. C. Grifiith, 
and Sarah Lee, who married Col. Thonias Broun, who p'Urchased the 
old " Lee Hall " estate from Dr. .\ugustine Smith, and built himself a 
fine residence on the opposite side of the main road from the old 
marision which perii;hed by fire many years ago. The estate is now- 
owned by his son, Thomas Broun. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Lee. 

24. Henry S the tliird son of Henry Lee' (Richard-, Richard^) and 
Mary Bland, his wife, was born in 1729, and probably at "Lee Hall," 
Westmoreland. Pie settled in l^rince William county, and lived at "Leesyl- 
vania," near the town of Dumfries. He was a Justice of the Peace in that 
county and first in commission. Mr. Lee represented Prince William for 
many years : as a Burgess in i 758-61-62-63-6.1-69-72, in the Conventions 
of 1774-75-76, and in the State Senate, 1780. 

Mr. Grigsby, in his discourse on " The \'irginia Convention of 1776," 
said: " Hen.y Lee. of Prince William, was an old member of the PTouse 
of Burges.-^cs, of all the Conventions, of the Declaratory Committee, and 
of the General Assembly. His standing was of the first, before and after 
the Revolution." Mi. Lee also served as County Lieutenant for Prince 
William, and was active in the duties of that ofhce during the Revolution- 
ary War. (Ta. Calendar Siat(; Papers, I, 21, 395, etc. Force's Tracts, \, 
1034, etc.) 

On the opposite page :i fac-si/m'Ic, reduced in size, is given of his com- 
mission as attorney for Prince Vv'iiliam county. 

Very few of Henry Lee's letters have been preserved, and the larger 
part of those few are taken up witli uninteresting business details. Writing 
to his cousin, William Lee, in London, on business, he closes with this bit of 
political gossip : 



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I ■* , ■••■*. .. 



292 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

"Leesylvania, i April, 1775. ... I have just returned from our Con- 
vention at Ivichmond Town on James River, where iiS Delegates of the 
People met and unanimously ap[)roved of the Proceedings of the General 
Congre^■?, and thanked their Delegates. The sauie Delegates were appointed 
to repre:;ent this Colony in Continental Congress on the loth of May next at 
Philadelphia. Our Militia of Independents are ordered by the Convention to 
be armed and well discijjlined, and a great si)irit of Liberty actuates every 
Individual. The Dutch supply us plentifully with arms and ammunition, and 
several hirge importations of oznabugs we have already had, so that we shall 
soon have a Plenty of Coarse linens from Holland. Your Brother, the 
Doctor's Conduct and Letters to the Speaker Szc. are highly appreciated, 
and 1 make no Doubt of his being appointed our Agent when the Assembly 
meets." 

Under dale of 15th May, 1775, ^^ wrote to the same as al>ove: . . . 
"I huml)ly tliink your business here is really illy Conducted, and you must 
have an Active Agent here of Influence, who has weight with the Planters, and 
will Exert himself should the Tobacco trade be ever again revived ; the Present 
Prospect being Very unbiding, for the People in the Country have already 
taken up arms and have Compelled Lord Dunmore to pay;j^35o sterling for 
a Quantity of Powder that he Privately in the night removed out of the 
magazine on board the Foye, Capt. Montague. Ten thousand riftle men 
are now well trained and are ready to take the field at an Hour's warning. 
The Die is now cast, and a blow having been struct near Boston, in w*^'' 
rencountLr the King's troops were beaten with the loss of 150 men, be- 
sides main- wouPided, and the Country People only lost 40 men. The 
Inhabitants have all left Boston, and that Place is now surrounded by 20,000 
Provencials and 10,000 Conecticut troops are marched to the assistance of 
New York ; also 1,500 riffle men from Fred^ County in Maryland under 
Cul. Cre^sip, Jr., [?] to Prevent any troops landing. This is the news of 
the day." 

To Charles Lee, Esqr., in Philadelphia: " Leesylvania, Sth Septem- 
ber, 1779. Dear Charles: I received your agreeable Letter by Post, but 
without dale ; the best way is dating letters at the top, for fear of omitting 
in the hurry of conclusion. Your brotl.er's enterprise does him signal 
honour, and I flatter myself it will not be in the Power of his Enemies to 
Pluck from him those laurels they cannot acquire, and on his conduct 
being enquired into his Military flime will be raised. I agree with you that 
the sur[)rise of Paulus Hook casts a shade on Stony Point ; the enclosed 
Letter to him, pray contrive safely. Vessels are daily arriving here and 
Gen'l Mercer is hourly Expected. Your mare is in good order at Whaley's 



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STRATFORD LINE, TOURTH GENERATION. 293 

and with foal by Magnanine ; her colt is small but in good order, and a 
pretty Neat turned t'ning. I would not advise the sale of her. I saw your 
Letter to Col. Blackburn, and wish the war may be carried on without the 
aid of money Press, but borrosving, I fear from the spirit of monopoly 
and avidity for gain, will not be sufficient to supply the Call for the sums 
necessary for the great expenditures of the Army. The other States ought 
to follow our Example by a specific tax of grain to supply the Army with 
provisions. Your ^Mother has declined her trij) to the Springs and still 
continues unwell; she thanks you for the shoes; she and Molly give their 
Loves to you." 

To William Lee, in London : " Leesylvania, ist March, 1775. Dear 
Sir, I have the melancholy news to Inform you of yr Brother Col. Phil's 
death, who died at Stratford of a nervous Pleurisy on the 21st of last month 
and has left Mrs. Lee his widow Very Big with Child ; in him Virg'a has 
lost an able Judge and America a truly great Patriot ; this Vacancy I hope 
you will use your utmost Eftorts to fill up in Council with your Brother 
Thos. or Franc:, as the former will inherit all yr Brother's real Estate in 
Westmorl'd by your Father's will unless Mrs. Lee's Child should l)c a son, 
I could wish the Honour of the Fan:iily to be fixed at Stratford, as to your 
Bro. Col. Rich'd Heniy I would by no means have him out of the House 
of Burgesses, as there is at Present the greatest reasons to Expect he will 
succeed Mr. Randolph as Speaker, who is old and infirm. I expect before 
this my Bill in fa\our of Duncan Cam[)bell has been Presented and duly 
honoured for ;{^24 sterling and that the James, Capt. Robertson has safely 
landed ray two Hhds of Toba: and of Course to a good market, as no 
Toba: will after this Crop be Exported unless American Grievances are 
redressed as are I'ointed out by the General Congress. 

"We are making large Quantitys of Salt Petre from the Nitre in the 
Tobacco Putrified with Ferine and have made some very strong v.ell grained 
Powder in this County therefrom w^'' ketches quick and shoots with great 
force, so that we shall be able in Future to supply ourselves with Salt Petre 
and gun Powder without Importing any. Wool Cards we are making in 

great Quantitys and Nails will be soon made as mills are Erecting 

thro' every Province on the Continent. The Gentlemen are training them- 
selves thro' the Continent every week and have raised Companys who mus- 
ter two days every week and emulate to Excell each other in y*^ manual 
manceuvers and Evolutions as practised by the King of Prussia's Troops, 
for we are determined on Preserving our Libert\s if necessary at the Ex- 
pense of our Blood, being resolved not to survive Slavery. You may rely 
on it that the Continental Association will be most sacredly Kept as the 



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. .M{^• -Wr-yh 



294 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ' • - 

County Coininittee will not suffer the least breach to pass unnoticed and are 
very watcliful, T'ra\ Present our most aff't Compl'ts to Mrs. Lee." 

Henry Lee to '• Charles J^ee Es(|r., Student of Law in Philadelphia." 
Dated, " Wm'b'e. 12th June, 1779. My Dear Charles, I rec'd yours of 
the I St June b}- Post and several others, since being on the Assembly and 
have rci;iilarly I'V every P'osl from tliis v.rote you the News and Particular 
Occur) ences from this quarter and as far as accts. from Lincolns Army, cir- 
culated from t;ie rej^ort or lie of the day, my Ltr by the last post I yet hope 
you will receive, in that I gave you a Particular Account of an action 
rejiorted with th-j Circumstances of undoubted belief to be given to the 
Credibility of the fact, whicli a few days ago was further Confirmed by two 
P>encl)men who left Charles town t;ie iitli May, who said they were there 
at the time Provost Army attempted to take the City by Storm, and that 
650 of the Enemy were killed on the spot and their whole Army routed, 
which I now believe to be a Cinscd lie, for there is come to this City a 
deserter from the Enemy ^■.•ho left Charles town on the i6th, and sais no 
action had then liappened but thai it wa.s more than Proluible, without aid 
to c.'Tccl their Escape b}' dieir shipping, wliich were not Arrived when he 
left the rrn-y, the}- must fall as Burgoyue did ; for that the Town was too 
well forlificd and the Garvison too strong for their force which only Con- 
sisted 0: 2,000 regulars and about the same number of Tory and Lidians, 
that Ger.'l Moultree v.iio liad entered the town with about 2,500 and Gen'l 
Willian.son witli altout the same numbv^.r were on their front and flank, and 
Gen'l I incoln within eiglit miles iii their rear with his main array, thai our 
whole force Collected was about 8,000 and the Enemy had taken shelter in 
St. James Island and burnt some houses and it v/ould be difficult for our 
Army tr) get at tliern, that they were sh.ort of Provisions and if Could not 
soon be relieved from tlieir shipping ihey would be obliged to Surrender or 
Starve ; this is ner.rly the l^'urport of his Examination before the Gov'r tho' 
many give no Credit to his Acc't and still believe the Frenchmens story. 
The trutli is I believe they have had some small skirmishing and we got the 
better. I wrote )ou lully in my two last of the preditory and Cruel be- 
haviour of the late invaders of this State, v hich if \ou have not rec'd let 
suffice that they far siiri>assed in Brutal lust the Goat or in ferocity the wild 
Boar, in barbarity the Savage or tlie vandals. Tell your Brother I will take 
notice ^S. his request in two Ltrs, I have received from him and on my 
return write him fully as to the state of h.is Mares, (N:c. and as soon as I get 
home shall endeavour to Contrive you a remittance. The Expenses of your 
Phila. Studies when had you taken my advice might in a great measure been 
saved, h.id you applied yr hours wasted in Idle pursuits of dissipation to 



STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 295 

Cooke, Blackstone, (Ivc. having had a gen'l knowledge of the system of Law 
tracts, Possessing the fundamental Principals, you might have been nov/ 
employed in reading the reports and applying the Practical Cases and digest- 
ing the reasoning of the Pleaders, and Judges on the applied maxims ; my 

this year v.-ill be near ^2,000. I shall be always happy to hear 

from you and of yr application and frugality, w"^^ is Commendable at all 
times." 

Henry Lee's will, dated the loth of August, and probated, in Prince 
William county, the first of October, 1787, v,-as as follows: 

In the name of God, Amen. I Henry Lee of Leesylvania in the County of Prince 
William, being in perfect mind and memory, but weak and infirm in body and mindful cf 
the uncertainty of human life, do make this my last Will and Testament, hereby annulling 
and revoking all others heretofore by me made. I'irst, I recommend my soul to God in 
Humble Hopes of iiis mercy through mediation and intercession of our Blessed Lord an<l 
Saviour, and my body to the earth to be interred at the discretion of my Executor hereafter 
mentioned. It is my will and desire that all ray ju-t debts be jiaid and th.at the estates real 
and personal hereafter devised and bequeathed to my sons Charles, Richard, Theodorick, 
and Edmund shall be subject thereto, each of my said four sons to pay an t(jiifd part thereof. 

I give and devise to my beloved wife during her n.^tural life all my houses at Leesylva- 
nia and 500 acres of land whereupon the said houses stand, being part of the Leesylvania 
tract of Land, to be laid oiT on the River Potomac and to be bounded by Neapsco creek, the 
River Potomac and Powell's creek and a straight line from one creek to the other so as to 
comprehend all the said Ilouies and the said quantity of 500 acres of land. Also I give 
and devise to her during her natural life the use of the following slaves, Alice, Beck, Racheal, 
Dick (the House servant) Kate, daughter of Beck, carpenter Dick, ^^'inney, Jesse, and all 
Winney's children, Daniel, 'I'om, and old Nanny — also the use of the following horses, 
Diamond, Roan, Gimrack, Ranter, Flimack, and the bay mare, Famous, and the use of the 
black cattle, sheep, and Hogs at my mansion house farm and not those belonging to my 
quarters on PowelVs creek or Neapsco creek, and the use of all my household Furniture 
except my chest of drawers and b<jok case lately imported and whatever else may herein Ite 
particularly bequeathed, and the use of all the utensils of Husbandry used at the mansion 
farm and the carts and wac;onb there used. ALo all the goods, provisions and Liquors now 
at Leesylvania, intended for the u^e and consumption of my family there, and also tbic 
annuity of one hundred pounds lawful money to be paid out of the Estates herein given to 
my sons Charles, Richard, Tlicodore and LMmund, each to be accountable for one fourth 
part of the said sura of /^loo as the same shall in each year become due. It is my will and 
intention that t!ie Devises and Bequests before mentioned to my said wife shall be to her ir; 
lieu of her dower and in full satisfaction of any claim she can have in lasv to any of my 
lands, slaves, and personal estate of any kind what-.ocver. I give and devise unto my 
eldest and beloved son Henry all th.e interest I have in the lands and slaves deviled to me 
by my brother John in his last will, and my meaning in making this device of the said lands 
is to prevent all disputes that may in the future arise among those who may claim the same 
as heirs under me, being of the opinitm I have not any interest in them tho : I have an in- 
terest in the slaves. Also I give and devise unto him and his heirs forever all my lands in 
the district of Kentucky wheth.er located, surveyed or patented, also the lands I purchased of 
my brother Richard Lee lying in Westmoreland County ne.-'.r Richard Lee's mill. It is my 



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296 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ' " - 

will and desire that my son Henrj' shall hold all that I have given to him free and clear 
from any debts and legacies, but that he shall have no part of my slaves now in possession 
or in the possession of my sons Charles and Richard nor any part of my personal estate ex- 
cept the slaves, Bill, Bet and her child heretofore given to him which are to remain his for- 
ever, 

I give and devise unto my second and beloved son Charles all my lands and houses in 
the County of Prince William known by the name of Leesylvania, being the land devised to 
me by my much honored father's will and those purchased by me of Bertrand Ewell and 
Frances, his wife, the Hon. WilJiom Fairfax, Esc[uire, Thomas Chinn and Janet, liis V'.-ife, 
and of Cuthbert Harrison containing from two to three thousand acres, a part of which lies 
on the west side of the main road from Colchester to Dumfries, to have and to hold the said 
lands and Houses, to him and his heirs forever. But that part of the said lands and the 
Houses herein before devised to my wife are to remain with her during her natural life. 
And my meaning is to include in this devise to my son Charles tliat tenement upon Neaj.sco 
River which I leased originally to Thomas Bookard and by him was afterwards assigned to 
Thomas Lawson and also to include all the lands I have a right to upon and bstv.-een 
Neapsco and Powell's Run westward of the main road as well as those which are Eastward of 
said Road. Also I devise to him for love a lot of land in Dumfries not yet conveyed to me 
but paid for and I desire the Trustees of the said town to convey the same to hini in fee 
simple. I give and devise to my third and beloved son Richard Bland Lee and my foutth 
and beloved son Thcodorick Lee all my lands in Loudoun County devi-ed to me by my 
Father's will and purchased by me of William and Hardage Walker and their wives, to be 
equally divided between them, to hold the same to them and their heir.-, forever respectively, 
my son Richard to have his choice of the dividends. 

I give and devise to my youngest son Edmund all my lands in Fauquier County to hold, 
to him and his heirs forever, provided he arrives to the age of twenty one years or leaves lav/- 
ful issue of his body which issue shall arrive at the age of twenty one years, but if he dies 
before that age not leaving lawful issue or having lawful issue of his body which shall not 
arrive at the age of t%venty one years, then I devise the said lands to my son Henry Lee and 
his heirs forever. It is my \^i!l th.it my son Edmund be educated in the best manner out of 
the estate and property in this my will given to him. 

I give to my eldest and dearly beloved Daughter ^LH•y my square of loits in the town 
of Dumfries, now in the occupation of Henderson Ferguson and Gibson, to have the same 
to her and her heirs forever ; that in order that she may immediately be placed in an inde- 
pendent situation v,-hich for her dutiful and affectionate behavior she well deserves. Also I 
give to her the following slaves, Philis, Leb, Suiah, Betty daughter of Franklin and their 
future increase. 

I give to my l;eloved Daughter Lucy the sum of one thousand pounds lawful money of 
Virginia, to be paid to her in ~picie at marriage or the age of twenty one years, which tlrst 
shall happen and in the meantime fifty pounds spicie hr each year, to be paid to her guar- 
dian for her maintenance and education ; also I give to her forever the following slaves, 
Charlotte, and Nanny daughter of Moll and their future increase. 

I give and bequeath to my Daughter Nancy the sum of one thousand pounds lawful 
money of Virginia, to be paid to her in spicie at marriage or the age of twenty one years, 
which shall happen first, and in the meantime tit"ty pounds spicie for each year, to be paid to 
her Guardian for her maintenance and education. Also I give to her forevei the following 
slaves, Alice daughter of Margery, Milly daughter of Jenny and Darby daughter of Dinah, 
and their increase; but if either of my daughters Lucy and Nancy sliall die unmarried and 



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STRATiORD LINE, FOURTH GEXERATIOX. 297 

before the age of twenty one years then the bequests to the person so dying shall go to the 
survivor. 

I give and devise unto my sons Charles, Richard, Theodorick and Edmund, all the 
slaves and other personal estate herein before given to my wife, to be used by her during her 
natural life, and their increase, to be equally divided between them, forever after rny wife's 
death. Also I give an.i devise to my sons Charles, Richard, Theodorick and Edmund for- 
ever all my other slaves and their increase, except what have been liLicin before particularly 
given to my eldest son and my tliree daughters and all the other P'state Real and Personal 
whatsoever and wheresoever not herein otherwise specifically disposed of, all which slaves 
and other Estate are to be equally divided between them as soon as can conveniently be 
done by my friends William Lane, Jeremiah Cockerell and John McMilJion or any two of 
them, and it is my meaiiing that the slaves and stocks delivered by me at any time hereto- 
fore to my sons Charles and Richard, which are now in their possession or for whicli they 
should account to me, shall be subject to the divi-ion last mentioned. But my will further is 
if my son Edmund shall die before he arrives to t!ie age of twenty one years, not leaving 
lawful issue of his body or leaving such Issue which shall not arrive to the age of twenty 
one years, then his share of my slaves and pergonal estate shall go to my sons Charles, Rich- 
ard, Theodorick and ray Daughters Mary, Lucy and Nancy or such as shall then be alive. 

It is my will and desire that my Legacies to my daughters Lucy and Nancy be paid by 
my said sons Ciiarles, Rich.ird, Theodorick and Edmund and their respective heirs, each of mj' 
four said sons to pay an equal part thereof, and I appoint my ton Ciiarles Guardian to my 
son Edmund and daughters Lucy and Nancy till they shall respectively arris'e to the age of 
twenty one years, and I entreat his best care and attention to their education. 

And to the end that my Executor may be enaliled to pay my debts and Legacies, I de- 
sire that my sons Richard, Theodorick and Edmund will punctually pay to hira their several 
proportions as before mentioned of the sums that may become necessary from time to time 
to satisfy my debts and Legacies as they shall become payable and if eitlicr of them fail to 
do so, then and in every such case, my intention meaning and desire is that my E.xecutor 
shall and may from time to time take possession of and sell for ready money so many of the 
slaves and stock of the person failing which shall come to such persua by virtue of this my 
will, as shall be absolutely necessary to raise the sums that from time to time shall be law- 
fully deraandable from .-uch person as the proportion due according to what has been before 
expressed in this my last will. I appiint my son Charles Executor of this my last will and 
testarnevit, and if he should die before my son Edmund shall arrive to the age of twenty one 
years or l>efore my daughters Lucy and Nancy shall arrive to the age of twenty one yeais or 
be married, or b>-f)re this will be fuUy executed in such case 1 ajijioint Ludwell Lee and 
my son Kicliard lilaiid Lee Executurs for the completion of this my will and Guardians of 
such of my children as shall then be under the age of twenty one years and unmarried. In 
witness, ^cc., <Scc. 

Henry Lee married Lucy Gryrne.s, to whom tradition has given tb.e 
name of the " Lowland l^eauty," and claimed that Cieneral Washington was 
oiice a suitor for her harid. Her mother was Frances Jenings, daughter of 
Edmund Jenings and Frances (Jorbin. his wife. The following copy of 
Henry Lee's marriage certiiicate is taken from the original : 

This is to certify all, whora it may concern, that I William Preston .Minister of James 
City Parish in y*^ County of James City in the Colony of Virginia did join together in holy 






,/ 13" ii.ir, 



•,1 >;- V 



298 LEE OF VIRGINIA, - • ' , „; 

matrimoii)' according to the !\itos, and Ceremonies of y- Church of l']ngh\nd Henry Lee 
Gent: and Lucy Grj'ines, yoiingcit Daughter of Charles Grymes Esq'' deceased, on Saturday 
y« first Day of r>eceniber in y° Year of our lord one thoasand seven hundred fifty and 
three. (Signed) William Preston. 

Will and Mai: Coll: \'irg: April y= 26'^' 175.!. 

Henry and Lucy (Grv'ines) Lee had eiglit children :' ' ' 

i, Henry ^ See 35. y • _ 

ii, Charles '\ See 36. ' ' '. ., 

iii, Richard Eland ^ See 37. 

iv, Theodorick ^. See ^S. 

V, Edmund Jennings. '' See 39. 

vi, Lucy/', born in 177 j; died unmarried. 

vii, ]\L\RY % born ; died ; married, about 1792, Philip Richard 

Fendall, of Alexandria. Mr. Fendall had previously married the 
Avidov/ of Philip Lud\-xri Lee, of Stra*:fc>rd ; she died about 1790. By 
the second marriage be left a son, Phili}) Richard; and a daughter, 
Lucy Eleanor Fendall. The son, Philip R. Fendall died the i6th of 
, Februar)', rS6S, ret. y;--; years, leaviiR' fciur sons and three daughters, 
of '.vhoui tlie survivors dov/ reside at Washington, 
viii, Anne^, born in 1776 and died in August, 1S57 ; married, about 1793, 
William B\ rd Page, of '''Fairfield," Clarke county. (Mr. Page was 
the eldest son of Mnun and Mary I\Lason (Selden) I'age, of the same 
place ; Mann Page was tlie eldest son of the Hon. John Page, of 
" North End," and Jane P>yrd; his vrife. The Hon. Joliu Page %vas the 
second son of the Hon. i\Iann Page, of '' Rosewell," and Judith 
Carter, his wife; the lion. Mann Page was the son of the Hon. 
Matthew and Mary (Mann) Page, Avho was the only surviving son of 
Col. John Page, of l^ngland, the progenitor of the I'age family of 
Virginia.) 

William Pyrd and .Vnne (Lee) Page had nine children :^ i, William 
Byrd, born about 1794; died unmarried, z, Mary Anne, l)orn about 
1796 and died in December, 1373; ^'^^' married, about 1816, General 
Roger Jones, Adjutant-General, U. S. A., and had these twelve children 
(Jones) : "William Pa-j, Catesby aj) Ruger, Letitia Corbin, I^Liry, Dr. 
Eusebius Lee, Edmonia i'age, Roger ("Ins^jcctor-General, L*. S. A.), 
Walter, Charles Lueian, 1'liomas Skelton, \'irginia Byrd, and ^^'infleld 
Scott Jones. 3. Rev. Cliarles Heni\' Page, the second but eldest son 
to have issue, married, in 1827, Gabriella Crawford, of Amherst 



' Sec Genea'c'^-y 0/ tht Page laoiiiy, \>. iic> 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 299 

county. 4, Mann Randolph,, liorn about 1S03 ; married and had a 
daughter, Jane IJyrd Page, who married, the nth of r^Iay, 1S54, 
Guerdon H. Pendleton, of Clarke county. 5, Jane Byrd, born about 
1805 ; never married. 6, Richard Lucian, Captain, U. S. N.. and 
Prigadier- General, C. S. A., was born about 1S07 ; resided at Norfolk, 
and married, about 1S32, Alexina Taylor, of that city; had a son, 
Walter PI. Page, who v.as born about 1S50, and a daughter who 
married William C. Whittle, C. S. N. 7, Cary Selden, born about 
1809; never married. 8, Dr. Thomas, born about iSii : was mar- 
ried. 9, Edmonia Page, boin about 1S13 ; married, about 1S33, 
Hall Neilson. 

Note. — The General Roger Jones, Adjutant-General, U. S. A., men- 
tioned above as having married Mary Anne Page, was the eldest son of 
Catesby Jones, Esq., of Westmoreland county, who miarried Lettice Corbin 
Turberville, second child of John I'urberville and Martha Corbin, his v.ife, 
both of whom were grandchildren of Richard Lee and Martha Silk, his 
wife. (See 3, ii and iii.) 

THE GRYMES FAMILY. 

Of the many infiuential families that once inhabited old Middlesex 
county, that "cradle of Virginia t'amilies," none appear to have been 
more prominent than that of Grymes. The first of the name in Virginia 
was the Rev. Charles, Nvho was officiating in York county as early as 1642 } 
subsequently he moved to Gloucester county, where he died. Plis son, 
John, lived at •• Grimesby," near the Piankatank River. His nauie ap- 
})eared on the vestry books of Christ Church, Lanca.ster, as early as 1694. 
This venerable church was built about midway between "Brandon," the 
later seat of the Grymeses, and " Rosegill," tlie seat of the Wormeleys. 
John Grymes married Alice, daughter of LawTcnce Townley by his wife, 
Sarah, the daughter of Col. Augustine Warner. He died about 1709. and 
left a son, John, who was born in 1693 and died in 174S, leaving a large 
family. Bishop Meade has given his epitajih : 

Here lies the body of the Hon. lohn Grymes, Esq., who lor many years acted in the 
public affairs of this Dominion with honour, fortitude, fidelity, to their Majesties King George 
I. and II. Of the Council of State, of tlic Roya! Prerogative, of tlie liberty and property of 
the subject, a zeahius asserter. On the seat of Judgment, clear, soimd, unbiassed. In the 
otfice of Receiver-General, punctual, approved. Of the College of William and Mary, an 
ornament, visitor, p.itron. Beneficent to all, a pattern of true piety. Respected, loved, re- 
vered. Lamented I'y his family, ac^iu-uutance, country. He d.eparted this life the 2d day 
of November, 174S, in the 57th year of hi- age. 



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l.EK OF VIRGINIA. 



This John Grytnes had a brother CharKrs, who married Frances 
Jciiings, daughter of Gov. Ednv.md Jcnings and I^'rances Corbin, his wife; 
Frances was the daughter of Henry Corljin and Alice Eltonhead, his wife, 
and a younger sist;N- of La^titia, who married Richard Lee, of " Mt. Pleas- 
ant," \\'estniorebn<]. Charles Grymes lived at " iMorattico," in Rich- 
mond county; ho was born about 1697, and v/as deceased at the date of 
the marriage of his daughter, .T,ucy. v.ith Henry Lee, as stated in their mar- 
riage certiticate. Charles Grymes was Sheriff of Richmond county, and a 
member of the Council in i7;'^-5. 



i 









THE JEXLNGS FiUHLY. 

Arms: Argent, a clievron between tluee phimmels, gules. 

Crest : A grifhn'5 head coiiped between two v/ings inverted 01, in the beak a plararaet, 

gules. 

Peter Jenings, of Silsdeii in the parish of Kildnick in Craven in 
Comit : Ebor., maiiiod Elizabcili Patker, on tlie 131)1 of January, i5F!S, 
and had issue: Peter and Williau,. His eldest son, Peter, v/ho died on 
the ist of September, 1651, married Anne Baldv.-yn 
and had issue: Peter, Jonathan, and Edmund. The 
second son, Jonathan, who died on the 24th of Au- 
gust, 16.(0, uuirried Elizabeth, daughter and co heir 
of Giles ParK'er, of Newly in Com: Ebor., and had 
issue, amon;'; othiers. Sir Edmund and Sir Jonathan, 
who marnod si^^ters ; the elder. Sir Edmund (a:t. 38 
years OJi the 15th of August, 1665), born in 1627; 
died obout 1607 ; married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Edward Parkliran, Lord lVLi}or of London in i6:;i- 
2j ; lie lived at Rippon, Yorkshire; left issue: 
Anrie, l^lizabelh, Mary, Jonathan, 'William, and 
Edmund.' The youngest son, Edmund, was born in 
1650; d'ed in ]:jigland the 5th of Lk-cember, 1727; 
he was in Virgiiii;t at an early date ; was attorney- 
general in 16S4; " ^Fr. Edniu.nd Jenings, attorney-general of Virginia" 
was or.e of the delegates t'rom Virginia, at Albany, X. Y., on the 31st of 
July, 1684, at a coufererice with " the Oneydes, Onondagcs, and Cayugas 
Indians." (I, la. Cal. Sfafe Pa^^crs, 17.) Pie was member of the Coun- 
cil, 16S4, 1691, 169S, and perhaps continuously; was President of the 
Coimcil, and acting governor of the State froui June, 1706 to 23d of Au- 



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STRATFORD LINE, FOURTH GENERATION. 30I 

LTUst, 1710. Secretary of the Colony, 1704, and revivor of its laws. {Il'iJ., 
55, 86.) 

He married Frances, daughter of Henry Corl)in, and Alice EUonhead, 
his wife; she died at London on tlie 22d of November, 1713; they had 
several children; auior.g them, Frances, who married Charles Grymes; 
Elizal'etli, who married Robert Porteiis, of " New ]')Oltle," on the York 
River, who was member of the Council in 1715 ; later he removed to "^'ork, 
England; in the cathedral at Rippon is an inscription to his memory. He 
had nineteen children ; next to the youngest was Eeilby Porteus, born at 
York the Sth of Ma}-, 1731 ; died tlie 14th of May, iSoS; was bishop of 
Chester and later of London. ( /r. and AT. Quarterly, \\\^ 2)'^.') 

Beside these daughters, Gov. Edmund Jenings had a son, Edmund, 
who was Secretary of the Province of Maryland; he married (in 172S) 
Ariana, the widow of James Frisby and of Thomas Bordley, and daughter 
of ^Matthias, and Anna Marga^etta (Hermann) Yanderlieyden, and had issue : 
Peter, Ariana, Edmund, and Charles. Ariana married John Randolph, of 
Williamsburg, Ya. , and had issue: Edm'.md (first Attorney-General of the 
U. S., and Governor of Ya.), Susan iJcverley, and Ariana Jenings Randoli'/n. 
This Edmund Jenings died, at Bath, on the 3d of March, 1756, aged 59 
years, and left a son, also Edmund Jenings, who died unmarried, 1819. 

There were others of the Jenings family in \"irginia; Charles, who 
was clerk of Elizaljeth City count}-; John, \\\\o was clerk of Isle of Yv'ight 
county, and took pan in Bacon's Rebellion ; and also Peter, who was once 
attorney-general of ^'irginia ; he married and left descendants. {]V, and 
M. Quarterly, HI, 205.) The following, relating to Gov. Edmund Jenings 
is of interest : 

To Our Trusty aivi Well eloved PVan : Kicholsrin, (jur Lieut: and Gover.nour, &c. 
Trusty and Wdbelovcd, \\'cf Greet You w-U : Wliercas th,- C)!-'.!iiii.,ioner5 for proinotiug 
the Trade of this Kingdom and of our Colonies and Plantations aiiroad, have represented to 
our High Treasurer here by a Memorial which hath been laid before us, thai our Trusty 
and V.'elbeloved Edmund Jenings, Es^r., Secretary of the Afiaires of Our Colony Of \'ir- 
ginia, hath for Severall months past attended them with great liiligence for Complealing the 
Worke of Inspecting and Amending the Laws of Our said Colony, which he (by your ap- 
pointment) brought over wiih him from thence l"or that service. And in recompense of his 
paines and charges in this service (being about to returne again with tlie said Laws as 
Amended). They, the said Conmiissioners have oiiered their opinions, that the sume of /"-oo 
(over and aljove the sume of /Tioo, which you advanced to him before his coming from 
thence) may be allowed him Out of Our Revenues there, To which Wee being Graciously 
pleased to Condescend agree, ^^c. &c. 

(Signed) 

By y'' Ma"" Command. 

Goborrtii.v. 






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302 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ■ " 

STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 

George Fairiax Lee. 

25. George Fairfax *, eldest son of George Lee * (Richard \ Richard ^ 
Richaid') and Anne (Fairfax) Washington, his second wife, was born at 
'•' Mt. l'le;isant," Westmoreland county, on the 24th of February, 1754; 
died at same place in I^ecember, 1S04 ; he married the widow of a Dr. 
Travers, of Berkeley (now Jefferson county, West Virginia), and had sev- 
eral children, only one of whom lived to marry; this was a daughter, 
Louisa. He mentioned in his will that he had had other cliildren, who 
were deceased at that date. All his landed property was left to his brother, 
Lancelot Lee. Of his life, nothing is known ; from the following letter, 
written to his kinsman, "William Lee, then at London, it is shown that he 
was educated at Chrisi's College, Cambridge: 

*''Xt. College, Cambridge, Wednesday morn'g, 4th Nov'ber, 1772. 
Sir, — I rec'd the favo'.ir of yours, with the hampers of wine c^'c, and know 
not at this time any other way to shew my gratitude than by hasty thanks 
for the same. I would be much obliged to you, if you v.-ould let F)r. Shep- 
herd provide me with a tutor, as they are all at present iri College, which I 
imagii'ic will take off your hands a great deal of trouble, as our lectures 
begin on Sunday afternoon. 1 will be much oblig'd to you if you. will let 
me kn^''^•, if )-ou aitprove of my request, as Mr. Shejoherd thinks if I had 
had a prix'aie tutor, v.-lien I first came to the University, it worJ.d have been 
of iiifmitc service, but he says it is a thing impossible for me to do without 
one, during the lectures. So I hope you will write as soon as possible that 
1 may be able to procure one before they are all engaged. I was very 
sorry w'ncn 1 read that jiart of your epistle v.hich mentioned Mrs. Lee's 
illness, but I liope she is at this time out of all danger, and ii"! perfect 
hc;i!'!i. so as to be able to stir al)0ut again. 1 iiope you will remember me 
to ?>Irs. Lee, Mrs. Dinwiddie, &c. I'm Sir," &C. 

llih v.ill, dated 3d of December and probated the 24th of December, 
1S04, was as follows: 

In the Name of God, .A.i!ien. I George Fairfax Lee of the County of Westnioreland 
and State of Virginia, being low in health but of sound mind and memory, do make and 
dec!;ue this to be my last will a;id testament, revoking all and every other heretofore made 
by inc or in my name. 

First, It i.s my wi;h to be decently interred in Mount Pleasant Garden,' where my 



' This garden was jcol-.-ibly near the house, erected by his f.ither, on the hill further lack from the river 
thnn th^ old mansion. 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GKNF.RATION. 303 

wife and children arc, without pomp or panide. 2d. I wish Hugh Quiiilan to pay such 
de!)ts as he has assumed for me, I lio.ving acknowledged thein to be ju-l. 3d. 1 give unto 
Hugh Quinlan the amount due by William Chelton of Loudoun County being tlie I'alance of 
his purchase of lands from me, which I sold to discharge a debt due by Jolm Taskcr Carter 
to Porter Stumps. 

4th. I give unto Hugh Quinlan all the lands in Loudoun county heretofore conveyed 
by me to him, as will apj'car by Deeds, in fee simple clear of all and every incumbrance 
whatever. Tliis I do to prevent any di.-pute or censure. 5th. I give unto Tasker Quinlan, 
son of Hugh Quinlan, the full amciunt of the Debt due by his Uncle John Tasker Carter 
to me, which debt his father is to apply to his benefit as he may think mo;.t pn per and 
useful. 

6th. I give unto my brother Lancelot all the residue of my Estate both real and per- 
sonal in fee Simple to be disposed of as he may think proper among his children. That is 
to say he paying the following Legacies, Viz. first to Mrs. Quinlan, for the kind and tender 
attention to me, three hundred dollars, which is to be applyed by her husband for the pur- 
chase of a carriage for her use. Second Legacy to be paid to my brother Wiiliam five 
guineas for a mourning ring and thirdly five guineas to my sister for the same purpose. 
Given ui der my hand, Ccc. 

i, Louisa *, married John Tasker Carter, and died without issue. On 
the 27th of February, 17S6, George Fairfax Lee deeded tvro slaves to 
his daughter, Louisa Lee. 



Lancelot Lee. 

26, Lancelot S the second son of George Lee* (Richard ^, Richard \ 
Richard') and Mrs. Anne (Fairfax) Washington, his second wife, was born 
at " Mt. Pleasant," Westmoreland county, the 19th of January, 1756; died 

. Mr. Lee is said to have been tv\-ice married ; first to Mary Eathurst, 

daughter of Col. Thomas and Sallie (Skelton) Jones; after her death he 
married, secondly, a Miss Cockrell. By his first wife he had two sons and 
three daughters ; by the second only a daugh.ter, Martha, concerning whom 
there are no data. The issue of Lancelot and Mary Bathurst (Jones) Lee 
were : 

i, Lancelot Bathurst*, v.'ho, it is said, died in Charleston, S. C, 
when al)Out to embark for England ; he never married. 

ii, Sallie Fairfax^ married Robert Sangster, of Fairfax coiuit)-, and 
had : Robert (who died in infancy), Mary Ann, who married a Mr. 
Erwin, and Thomas S. Sangster. 

iii, Elizabeth J. J. '^ married Colonel James Chipley, a lawyer o\ Win- 
chester, ^"a., and h.ad : William Lee, Mary Ann, Sallie Fairfax, James 
Monroe, Richard Heary, Ludwell Lee, and Elizabeth ^\'ashington 
Chipley, 



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304 I'EE OF VIRGINIA. 

iv, Nan'Cy'' married Richard Cockrell, of Fairfiix county, and had : Mary, 
Sallie Lee, Richard, and Thomas Lee Cockrell. 

V, Thomas'^ married, but name of wife unknown. He is said to liave 
had several children, of whom three sons are now living: George W., 
Philip Do Catesby, and William F. Lee, all of whom are married and 
have iss'.ie. (Repeated attempts have been made to gain some reliable 
data concerning the issue of Lancelot Lee, but without success. The 
above is given on the authority of private information, based chiefly 
upon family tradition.) 

LHiLir Thomas Lee. 

27. Philii' Thomas % the second son of Richard Lee* (Philip ^ Rich- 
ard'-', Richard ') and Grace Ashton, his wife, was born , and died the 

sSth of November, 1778, '-at his father's seat on the Potomac." He 
married a Miss Russell, of Lngland, who may have been a relative of the 
James Russell so frequently mentioned in conni^ction with the family, and 
who had married .\nne, daughter of Philip Lee, Sr. Miss Miller, of Wash- 
ington, has in her possession a silver dish, in the centre of which are en- 
graved the Lee arms, bearing on a shield of "pretence" the arms of 
'' Russell of Kingseat." ' As it seems most probable that this dish must 
have once belonged to Philip Thomas Lee, a print of it is given on the 
following page. 

Philip Thomas had five children : 
i, Russell'^, who died in 1793, ^ niinor, and without issue. 
ii, Sarah Russell*^, so named in her aunt's will. " A few days ago the 
Hon. Benjamin Contee, Esqr. (a delegate to Congress from this State), 
was married to Miss Sarah Russell Lee." (Md. /o/tr/hi/, Sth April, 
17S8.) They had issue: Sarah Elinor, Alice Lee, Philip Ashion Lee, 
and Edmund Henry Contee. 

The Rev. Penjamin Contee, D. D., was born in 1755, in Prince 
George's county, Md. ; he was appointed a second lieutenant, and 
served in the army during the P.evolutionary War ; was member of 
Congress in i 7S7-SS-90-91, and later Judge of the Orphans' Court 
of Charles county, Md. Li 1803, he was ord;uned to the priesthood 

1 .Mr. J. Henry Lea employed Dr. Mirshall, of the Herald's College, London, to identify the arms here 
borne in pretence. Dr. MariUail blazons thcr.i as; A>c"ti, <* chevron ictiucfn t'lree taapcUi ^ind '.ininn: 
a lo>,{ure s,itu\ and onee borne by the " RusselU of Rinijieai." This family has not been identified ; but 
the Kiisscds of " Ashies:eel, co. Selkirl:," bear tliese very similar arms : Arisen! en a chi-jron gulrs l-.twien 
thr^e l.iJj''o\-s,sahie,ti nuiriin ,1/ the Jl-ul.zvithin a bardure engrai-ed, a::Hrc. This dish, was probably 
made about 1760. 



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STRATFORD LINK, FIFTH GENERATION. 305 

in the Episcopal Church and was rector of several parishes; in 1S14, 
he was within a few votes of receiving the election for Bishop of that 
diocese. Apparently he continued his duties as a judge, for he was at 
the time of his death, in 1S16, the chief judge of the Orphans' Court 
of Charles county. 

On the 7th December, 1790, a deed was executed between Benja- 
min Contee and Philip Richard Fendall, of Alexandria, for a part 
"of Peyton's Levels," the property of Grace Lee, late of Charles 
county, Md., which land had been divided betv/een Elinor Ann Lee 
and the heirs of Philip Thomas Lee. 






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On the 5th of September, 1797, a deed was made between Philip 
llichard Fendall, and Mary, his wife, to Ann Lee, of Charles county, 
Md., for one fifth part of " Peyton's Levels " in Westmoreland and 
Richmond counties, which had been conveyed to Fendall by Benjamin 
Contee and Sarnh Russell, his v.'ife. 

iii, ^LvR.;ARKT Ru.^>KLL*, married James ClerkUe, and had issue: Caro- 
line R., who m.arried Josjah Hawkins, of Charles county, Md. ; Elea- 
nor Russell, who married Edward Henry Grette ; Eliza, who married 

Lyson, and Emily, who married Thomas D. Fendall, o( Charles 

county, Md. (See 8, i and iii.) 

iv, Elinor ^ married Dr. William Pav.-son, son of Ambrose Dawson, of 
20 



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306 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ? 

Yorkshire, I'^lngland ; they had: William, born 1798; Mary Ann, 
born 1799; Robert Lee, born iSoi : Philips Lee, born 1S03 ; Fred- 
erick, born 1S05 ; Eleanor Georiziaria, and Laura Dawson, who mar- 

■ •- ried Arch-deacon MacDonald, of Salisbury, England, and had issue. 

;■ ' Of these, William Dawson married Sarah, daughter of Peter Augustus 
Jay, of New York, and had: V.'illiam Pudsey (1837-183S), William 
Pudsey (1S39-1S51), and Mary Jay Dawson, born in New York, in 
1842 ; married Colville, second son of Sir Frederick William Frank- 
land, and had issue. 
Vj Ann®, married William Gamble, no issue known. 

»• 

GovERXOR Thomas Sim Lee. [ 

28. Thomas Sim^ the only son of Thomas Lee* (Philip ^ Richard', j 

Richard') and Christiana Sim, his v/ife, \va3 born on the 29th of October, 
1745, in Prince George's county, Md., and died on the 9th of October, ^ 

iSi 9, at his home, "Xeedwood," in Frederick county, Md. Xotliing is 
kno.vn of him until he appears in i-ublic life in 1777, as a mem.ber of the 
Provincial Council of Maryland. Fie was then only about thirty-two years 
old. From that date on until old age prevented, he seems to have been con- 
tinuall}- ill the ser\ice of liis State. The legislature elected him governor 
in 1779, being the second to hold that office under the State Constitution. 
Again in 1792 he .was chosen to this position, and served the full term, but 
declined an election in 179S, when offered a third term. Besides these 
offices, he was a member of the Continental Congress in 1783-4 ; was elected 
to the Constitutional Convention of 17S7, but refused to attend; later, he 
served in his State convention which met to ratify the Constitution, adopted 
at Philadelphia. 

The following letter, written to the Governor of Yirginia, is of some 
interest : 

"Sir, The Marquis LrTayette has requested this State to furnish armed 
Vessels for the Protection of the Transports and Troops under his Com- 
mand and destined for the Expedition against Portsmouth. We have only 
been able to procure a Brig of fourteen fo!ir-i)Ounders, a Schooner of eiglit 
three-pounders, and a Sloop loaded and bound to sea, of three tenpounders. 
From vatious accounts we are apprehensive this force is inferior to the 
Enemies Privateers in ihe Bay, We have wrote to the Commander of the Ships 
of our .-\lly at the C ii)(-s, and if he cannot spare one of his Vessels to con- 
voy the Marquis, you- will see the necessity of Your State iunnediately pro- 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 307 

curing a force, which in conjunction with ours, would certainly be superior 
to the enemies Cruisers. The Marquis, with the Troops, Cannon and Stores 
are now at the Head of Elk. We have imjiresscd and sent to him every 
Vessel now at Baltimore and this jjlace, and fear tliey will not be sufficient. 
The Marquis has recjuested us to procure IJoats to land Cannon and Troops, 
which will not be in our Power, but we ho])C you will be able to obtain any 
number he may want. General Wayne, with a second Detachment from 
the Pen.nsylvania Line, is expected at the Head of Elk, and he is to 
join the Marquis, as soon as Vessels can be procured to transport him." 
(I P\i. Cal. S/afc Pa/'crs, -^61.) 

Thomas Shn Tee's will, dated the 6th of November, and probated, in 
Frederick county, Md., the 15th of November, 1S19, was as follows: 

In the Name of God, Amen. I, Thomas Sim Lee of Frederick County Maryland, 
being at present in full pos?e>5ion o^. my memory .ind understanding, but being intrrm in 
health and considering the uncertninty of life and the certainty of death do iu'reby make, 
publish and declare this my last will autl testamerjt, hereby revoking all oth.ers by me here- 
tofore made. 

Imprimis — I direct my executors hereinafter named to bury my tmdy decently and 
after the expenses of my intennent are paid to discharge my just debts with honom^ and 
ju.-tice from the fund hereafter appointed. 

Item — I give and devise my negroes in maimer foliov^ing : To my son \MlIiain Lee his 
heirs and assigns, in adrlition to tliose i liave given him during my lifetime these negroes and 
their increase — that is to say — Po'. ly the daughter of Charity, and her children, Een, 
Matilda and Clurity — Cis the daughter of Charity and licr children, John, Lliza, Jane 
and .Sarah — Molly and her children Fri^ and Abraham — Nancy and Clem the children of 
weaver Tom and Nelly and old Michael the brother of Aroui, in all fifteen negroes. 

Item, — I likewise give and devise to my daughter Eliza Horsey and to her heirs and 
assigns in additi-.n to those I have given her during my lifetime, these negroes and their 
increase namely — .Anna the wife of BIac'.-:smilh Will and her children Suckey, Juliet, Nancy, 
Michael, Kate, Mariah and Sal,. — L>ick imd his wife Sal and their daughter Rach.aol a.id her 
children, Thomas, Steplien and Iletsey, — .Amos the son of Charity — Isaac and his wife, 
Grace and their children, Isaac and Lucy — Will and his wife Fanny — Pat and his children 
Ignatius, Basil, Nace arid John, and i'oliy the wife of Igi;ati\is and their children, — and 
Tommy the son cif Weaver Tom, and Nelly and Teresa the daughter of Molly and her 
daughter Nancy — together with all the future increase of the said negroes to ray said 
daughter Eliza Horsey her heirs and assigns. 

Item — I likewise give and devise to my s-jn John Lee and to his heir^ and assigns the 
negroes nanieel ai following : Len and his wife Peg, and their children Kachael, Philip, 
Suckey, Mary, Peek, Matilda and her child Petsey — Harry and his wife Mary an<l bct.^ey 
the Mother of Mary the Children of Aaron and Poll, — Saraii and her su.n Aaron — Anna, 
Mary, Nick, and Stephen, and his wife Lucy and tin ir children — Bistiller, Charles and his 
wife Petsey — Xed and John the sons of Ambrose, I'humas the son of Stephen and Lucy — 
Peter the son of Piacksmiih Will, Aarvju ajid his wife Rachucl and their children now in the 
possession of my son John Lee — -Peck and her two sons Robert and Henry — Jack and his 






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3o8 LEF. OF VIRGIN r A. y i] 

wife Nancy and their daughter Nelly, Rachael the wife of Bernard and their children 

Stephen, lulianini I-Jernard z:iA Sarah — Michael and his v.-ife Sissry and their children, Alice, 
Stephen, Nancy, Kate, and llonry, — Sal the wife of house Charles — and Dick the son of 
loan until his term of service exj ire?, together with all the future increase of the said negroes 
to my said ?nn John Lee and h's h.eirs and ae^signs. 

Item — I here'r.'y declare v. lo he n-.y will, and desire that the follo\ving named negroes 
shall be considered as manuaniled and set free from all manner of service to my heirs — 
namely — Bernard the huiband of Kachael — Aaron and his wife Pol — and house Charles the 
husband of Sal — which said La-t named negroes shall be maintained and taken good care of 
by my son John Lee during their natural lives if they think proper to live with them — also, 
weaver Tom and his wife NcP.y M'ho shall be maintained during their natural lives by my 
daughter Eliza Horsey, if thcv liiiak prfiper to live with her — also Teresa the wife of Amos 
and her children — and tlie bey J"hn the son of Beck -whom I direct my executors to have 
bound to some goo<l trade until he readies the age of eighteen years and from that period to 
serve my son J(jha Lee until he attains the age of twenty-one yeais thai is to say, until the 
first day of January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty seven 
from which time it is my will and desire that he be set free and manimiiited. 

Item — I hereby constitute and ai>point rny ;ons William Lee and John Lee and my 
son-indaw Outerbridge Horsey of the Stale of Delaware my executois to t'ds my last will 
and tcstarjTcnt. 

Item— 1 give and devi-e to rry ,-on Thomas I.,ee ;>nd his v.dfe Eleanore Lee, and the 
sui vivor during their natural livcs the following lots of ground in Georgetown — that is to 
say— one half of my lot of grcamd fronting on the South side of Road street containing in 
the whole six acres, more or less, out bounded by Road and Valley street to be laid off by 
myoecutor- — Lots mentioned, one, two, three, four riid twenty three fronting on Mont- 
gomery street sixty six, ninety f.jur, riinoty live and ni;:ety six fronting oii Washington street 
sixty seven, sixty eight and sixty r.ine fronting on Water Street, seventy nine and eighty 
fronting en Virginia Avenue, and th.irty six frontirig on (xreene Street all the said last num- 
bered lots of ground lying south vi IJridge street and east of Jefferson street, and after the 
death of my son Thi^mas Lee and his v.dfe Eleanore I,ee 1 then give and bequeath the said 
lots of ground in Georgetown in fte simple to be divided share and share alike among the 
cliildren of n\y said son Thomas Lee. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my son Archibald Lee his heirs and assigns the follow- 
ing lots of ground in Georgetovv-i.-— irambered tidr'y eiL'.iil and sixty fnir on Was^dngton 
street thirty four, thirty tive and forty live on Greene street, all which lots of ground are 
situate between Bridge and Water sireets and numbers nine and ten fronting on tlie south 
side of Needwood sireet as a coD;periS:tio;! for the iiegjocs I have given tc< rny other chil- 
dren. 

Item — I give and devise to nay executors and to tiie survivors and survivor of them and 
to their heirs and assigns tliese several lots of ground in Georgetown. — Lots numbered 
twenty two, thirty one, and forty six fronting on Greene street, forty seven, forty eight forty 
nin.e and hfty fr,..nting on Water street seventy four, seventy hve, seventy eight, ninety one, 
ninety two arid ninety tb.ree south .->f W.\ter street and east of Washington street, and one 
half of my Kit of ground contait'.iri'j in the whole six acres more or less, l>ing between High 
and Valley streets to hold the "^ame lot:, of ground in trust and for the use and benefit of my 
son Archibald Lee; provided that my executors shall pay lo my said son Archibald Lee the 
rents, issues and profits of the said lots of ground, and provided further if my executors 
shall in their discretion think proper to determine the said trust in any event, they are hereby 



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STRATKOKI) LINE, FIllH f;ENERATION. 309 

authorized and empowered so to do, — and the fee sinijile in the said lo's of ground shall in 
that ca>e ve>t absolutely in i-iy '^aid son Archih.\M I.oe. 

Item — I give and devise to my executors ai.d tlie survivors ord survivor of them and 
their heirs and assigns these severr.l lots of ground i!\ Georgetown — thai is to say — nineteen 
fronting on Needwood street, sixty three, sixty five, thirty seven, sixty, thirty arjd forty front- 
ing on Washington street, south of I'ridge strett ar.d all the lots numbered seventy two, 
seventy three, eighty one, eighty tv.o, eighty three, eighty f(jur, eighty five, eighty six, ninety 
seven, ninety eight, ninety nine and one hundred, south of Water street, to hold the same 
in trust and for the Uie au.l bj:u":nt of my several grandaughters tlie children of my daughter 
Mary C. Ringgold in manner foliovy-ing — lots numbered nineteen sixty and sixty three to 
Mary Digges Galloway Kinggoldj lots numbered thirty nine and fony and twenty tv/o 
south of Water street to Eli^a Lee Ringgold, lot'"- numbered tbiny seven, sixty five, and 
seventy three to Anna Maria King^o'd, and the rrra.ur.ing lots in common among my said 
three grandaughters and Sarah BrooVie Lee Ring-old their sister, until they shall respectively 
arrive at the age of twenty-nve years, when it is my will and desire that this trust shall 
cease and the fee simple vest in my said grandaugb.Lers absolutely, provided that my said 
executors sli-ill in the meantime pay to ray oaid grandaughters, in ci^ual pjrtions, the rents 
issues and prof.is of the said lots of ground, and picvided furthei- if my executors shall in 
their discretion think proper to determine the sai 1 trust sooner in the event of marriage or 
other contingency they are hereby nutbori/:ed and empovrered so to do. 

Item — I give and beciuealh to my grand-so;: Lerfiruniu Ringgold, the son of my daughter 
Mary C. Ringgold the following lots of ground in Georgetown in fee simple or when he 
attains the age of twenty one _\-e.'r,-,— namely all my ground fronting on the north side of 
West street between Greene and ^b^ntgomery streets, and running liack nortii one hundred 
and eighty feet. 

Item — I give and device to my grand-children Maiy Digges Lee the daughter of iriy 
sou Thomas Lee, Mary Digges Gr'.IIoway Ringgold, Molly Digges Lee raid Thomas Sim 
Lee the children of my son William Lee, Mary Elicn Horsey and Thomas Sim Lee Horsey 
to be equally divided among ny said six grand-ohildrcn, one half of my square of lots in 
Georgetown fronting on the sou:h siiie of Staddart street between Greene and Montgoniery 
streets, and running back south i.ne hundred and eighty feet — in fee simple. 

Item—I give and devi>e all my real estate in Frederick Courjty State of Maryland, to 
my sons William Lee and Jol.n Lee and to my daughler Eliza Hoii':y, to them, their heirs 
and assigns as tcnaius in co'.;i;a>jn and not as joint terjants, sulijert however to the payinont 
of all my just debts, and in case my said sons William Lee and John Lee and my daughter 
Eliza Horsey should "not agree concerning the division of the said estate, though it is my 
earnest desire they should, 1 r..::£i;nate and a;'j>oint my friends Joseph Smith, Joseph Parson 
and Baker Jamison Es'juires or any two of tliem to divide the said real estate equally between 
my said sons William Lee and Julm Lee and my s;iid daughter Eli/a Horsey having regai'd 
to quantity and qualitv of kind ; and my will and <le;:re is that the divi:-ion or allotr.ient 
whereon the dwelling house a:;d. other adjacent improvements shall stand or be, shall be 
assigned to my son John Lee and that he shall pay an equivalent in money on reasonable 
credit for the improvements to my said son William Lee and my daughter Eliza Horsey, and 
in case the parties cannot agree concerning the value of the said improvements, my desire 
and request is that my said friends Joseph Smith, Joseph Parson and Paker Jamison, Esquires, 
or any two of them shall value the same, whose valuation shall be final and obligatory on all 
the parties — ami whereas, it is mv intention that the several devises heiein contained, other 
than the deviie of my real e.^tate in Frederick Connty shall not be subject to the payment of 



3IO LEE OF VIRGINIA. .V 

my debts or any part of then, 1 hereby order and direct that all my personal estate not 
herein specifically beqiienthetl, shall be first ajiplied to the payment of my just debts, and 
such p<3rtioM thereof as shall remain unsatisfied out of the undevised part of my personal 
estate, I hereby direct to be paid out of my real e:-tate in Frederick County aforesaid, and 
for this prapose ch.-uge tlie snltl real estate with tl)e payment thereof. 

Item — I yWe w.vl d:/.i.-e ' .vo iliousand uul'nis t" iu> executors in tru-l— of which sum 
one thousand d.'lhirs is to l.>e exj ended in the coii^^truciiini of a Romari (?athoiick. church in 
the vicinity of my farm Xeedwood, and the otlicr tliuusand dollars to be vested in the funds 
by my saivd executors as a suppori f^i the said church— also one hundred dollars to be dis- 
tributed amon;T the poor of tin;- neighborhood; and also seven hundred and fifty dollars to 
make certain payments fur wiii'.di 1 shall leave a memorand-mi to govern ray executors. 

Item — I fjive and devise ihe debt due me on note by Mr. Tench Ringgold amounting 
to upwards o*" five hundred dolhivs, to my executors in trust, and for t'le u^-e and benefit of 
my grandur.gliter Mary Digges dalloway Ringgold when she arrives at the age of twenty 
five years. 

Item — I give and devi.^e to my executors for the payment of tlie af.nesaiil legacies the 
follovv-ing lo's of ground in Georgetown — number.s thirty tv/o — thirty three — twenty — twenty 
one— twenty four and twenty five, fronting on Greene, Needwood and NToatgomery streets, 
south of Bridge Street with, fall pov, er to sell said lois of ground for that purpose. Signed 
and sealed lVc. 

The fo!lu\vin.T data ccincc-rning tlie births, deaths, marriages, etc., in 
the family of (Governor Lcc were kind!}- co|iied from his Bible by his grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Islary Digges (Lee) Gouvcrneur. 

Thomas -Sim Lee v.ns married, on the 2-jlh of October, 1771, to !^Iarv, 
only daughter of Ignalias Digges, of Prii-,ce George's county, Md., and 
Ehzabeth I'arkharn, his v.\\c ; she was born in August, 1745, and died on 
the 2ist of January, 1S05. They had issue eight children : 

i, Ignatius 'a born th.e 3d of August, 1772; he died at Liege, where he 
had been for several years for his education. No date. 

ii, Tkoma.- ^ See 40. . ' ■ 

iii, ^V II. Li AM '. See jr. 

iv, I\L\RV C}{RISTIAN^ born the 2 2d of February, ly/;"^' died the 2 7ih of 
November, 1S13 ; raarried, the icth of April, 1799, "I'cncli (born 6th 
March, T776), the fourth son of Thomas and Mary (Galloway) Ring- 

- gold, and had: i, Mary Digges Galloway, born 5th of October, 1800. 
2, Benjamin, born 4th of October, 1S02. 3, Eliza Lee, born nth 
of February, 1806. ^, f-Sarah Brooke, born iith of Ma\-, 1S09. 5, 
Anna i\raria, born 29th of January, iSii. Of these children, Sarah 
Brooke Ringgold mari-ied, in 1828, Jc'hn ^Moylan Thomas, of Mary- 
land, and had eiglit children ; one, a son, John Moylan Thonias, mar- 
ried Adele Ingersoll, of i'hiladelphia, and has two daughters. Anna 
Maria Ringgold, the fifih child, married, in November, 1S29, Dr. 



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STRATFORD LINE. FIFTH GENERATION. 



3" 



Henry Hunt, of A\'ashington, and had Mary Lee Hunt, who married 
Gen. Kobcit Ransom, C. S. A., of North Carolina. Tench Ringgold, 
after his wife's death, married Mary Aylett, daughter of Thomas Lud- 
well and raniiy (Carter) Lee, of "Coton," Loudoun county, Va. 
V, Archibald'^, born 22d of July, 1778; died 1st ofxV})ril, 1781. 
vi, Archibald*^, second of the name, was born 20th of April, 1781 ; died 
in July, 1839, unmarried. 

vii, Eliza^ born the 30th of April, 1783; died the 5th of July, 1S62 ; 
married, i6th of October, 181 2, Outerbridge Horsey, of Delav.-are, 
and formerly U. S. Senator from that State. They had: i, Mary 
Ellen, born 1S13. 2, Ann Caroline, born, 18 15. 3, Thomas Sim 
Lee, born 181 7, and died aged 18. 4, William Outerbridge Horsey, 
born 2Sth of February, 1819, and married Anna Carroll, and has issue. 

viii, John ®. See 42. 

THE DIGGES FAMUA^ 

John Diggs, Sheriff of Kent, teu'ip. Henry IV., bore this coat-of-arms, 
as may be seen in the cloisters of Christ Church, Canterbury: o.ViV.i, on a 
cross argent, five eaglets sable (Hasted's Kent')} From " Roger de Milden- 
hall dictus Digge," temp. King John, 
was descended Sir Dudley Digges, who 
built Chilhani Castle in 161 6. This Sir 
Dudley, once British Ambassador to 
Russia, iVL P., and Master of the Rolls, 
married INL^ry, a daughter of Sir Thomas 
Kemp, of Chilliaui. Kent; tlieu' fourth 
son, Edward, who died the 15th of 
March, 1675-6, aged 55 years, arrived 
in Virginia about 1650; in the latter 
year, he ])urcha;scd some 1,200 acres, 
fronting on the York River, from Cap- 
tain John West. 'i'liis was the fanious 
"Bellfield" estate, which remained in 

the family for several generations. Here he emplo\ed two Armenians, 
skilled in the business, to cultivate the silk-worm. 

From this Edward Digges tiiere has descended a notable line of dis- 
tinguished men. And he himself was a man of prominence, having been 



^JlSs^% 



'^<<,'^^r? 







^M. 
^ 






' The print giver, here is a copy of t>i£ aims carved on the tomb of Dudley Digges, 1710, of" BellficIJ," 
York county, which was kindly loar.ed by Mr. Lyon G. Tyler, President of WiUI.-im and Mary College, 
WiUiamsburg. 



312 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

member of the Council, Anditor-General, and Governor (1656-68) ; later, 
he was sent as Colonial agent to Encrlaiid.^ Ills wife, Elizabeth, is sup- 
posed to have been a sister of Col. ]ohn Page, the progenitor of that Vir- 
ginia family. His tombstone states that he had six sons and seven daugh- 
ters, of wlioin only five ar-- known: Williani, Edward, Mary, Anne, and 
Dudley. Col. William, elricst son and heir, moved to Charle? county, 
Md., about 1679-S0, and married Mrs. Elizabeth (Sewall) Wharton, the 
daughter of Henry Sewall of Patuxent, Md.. and Jane Lovs-e, his wife. 
Col. Willian. became a member of the ^hiryland Council, and, dying in 
169S, left a large family, named in his will : Edward, Wi'liam. Charles, 
Dudley, Joh^i. Xicholas, Jane, Elizabeth, Anive, and Mary. The Mary- 
land family are descended horn these children, but they have not been 
clearly traced. 

The Virginia branch of this family appear to be chiefly descended from 
Dudley, the youngest (known'} son of Gov. Edward and Elizabeth (Page) 
Digges ; he also held many v-'-iviiions, having l.'ecn member of th.e Council, 
A-uditor and Surveyor-General. He died the iSth of January, 17 10— 11 ; 
his wife vras Elizaljetli, da-igl-tcr of Col. Williaui Cole, of " Polthorpe," 
^Varwick county, by wliorn he had four children : Cole, Edward, Dudley, 
and Elizabetli. Of these, tlie eldest, Col. Cole Digges, was a Burgess and 
member of the Council for many }ears. H'e m.arried Elizabeth, daughter 
of Dr. Henry Pov,-er, of Vci k county, and had is^ue : Edward, ^^'iHiam, 
Dudley, ]\Iary, and Susannah. 'I'he eldest son, Col. Edward, v/as Burgess, 
Justice, Count}- Lieutenant, etc. ; he married Anne, ''daughter of the late 
Nathaniel Harrison of the Couixil " (/''^r. GiUct-fc). and left surviving issue: 
William, Cole, Edward, Mary, Thomas, Elizabeth, Hannah, Anne, Sarah, 
Dudley, and Charles. William inherited the family estate, ** Bellfield," 
w^hich he sold, in 17S7, to ^^'illi;Ju Waller : he was Justice ?.\^d Slieriff of 
Vork county. me;r:bcr uf the Convention.^ of 1 ; 75-76, later Sheriff and 
Delegate from Warwick. He n;arried his cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of 
his uncle, William Digges. of ■'• r>jnbigl-i," and leu three children. His 
brother, Edward, married (inli June, 1775) Elizabeth, daughter of Col. 
Thomas Gaskins, Sr. , of Xorthiunberland, and sister of Anne, who was 
the second wife of Rich.ard Henry Lee ; he moved to Fauo^uier county, 
where he has many descendants. His eldest son, also named Edward, 
married Anne l-^ustace Gaskins, v,ho was descended i'rom William luistace 
and .-\nn Lee, daughter of Hancock Lee. (Condensed from /['. auii AI. 
Quarterly, I. S3, ct seq.) 



' For an intcrcstirg jketch of Gov. Euward D;£j:es, by Mr. R. A. I'rock, see I'tr^initt atui I'sr- 
finians. 



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STRATFORlJ LINE, FIFTH CENERAIION. 313 

Col. I'HiLir Lee. 

29. PhilH'-', son of John Lee* (Philip '\ Richard ^ RichaicP) and 

Susannah Smilh, liis wife, born ; died ; married Mary Jacqueline 

Smith, and had three dani^diters (as named in a deed of 21st November, 
iSoi, by their aiint. Mary Smith) : Mary Smith, Susannah Hancock, and 
"I'hilicia" Sally Lee. On 226 of January, 1S12, ^^lary J. Lee deeded a 
slave to her grand=':^n. Piiilip Lee Anthony, son of James C. Anthony and 
^Lary Smith Anthony, of Richmond. The calalo,L;iie of the Moravian Sem- 
inary, Bethlehem, Peni^a., states that "Mary S. Lee, daughter o[ I^hilip 
Lee, of Westmoreland county, Va., was born 31st December, 17SS; mar- 
ried, in 1808, James C. Anthony, of Richmond;" she entered the Semi- 
nary in 1799. Phili}! Lee lived near Nominy, AVestmoreland county; he 
\Vas generally styled, •'' Col. Phil. Lee of Nominy." 

Thomas Lldwell Lee. 

30. Thomas Ludwei.l^, eldest son of Thomas Ludv.-ell Lee* (I'hoi.iias ^, 

Richard^, Richard ') and Mary A}le:t, his wife, was born ; died in tlie 

fall of 1S07; niarried I'anny, daughter of Robert W. Carter, of '-'Sabine 
LLill," Richmond county (Ov'/'V). Mr. Lee resided at " Coton," near 
Leesl)urg, Loudoun, cov.nty. These two following letters were written by 
him to his kinsman and executor, George Carter, of " Oatlands," Loudoun 
count}' : 

"Coton, 7th June, 1806. My dear Sir, 1 was delighted on going to 
the door to meet Sijlomon yesterday evening, to be told by him that he 
waited on you, as I w:is sure I should hear something certain of you, which 
I have not done for many months. But even now you say nothing of your 
hi.Tikli. which I wp.'^ ao,\ious to know particularly cif ; since I wrote you I 
have, thank Cud, recovered my strength and llesh in the most astonishing 
manner. I have been eiiat>!ed to ride out three or four times and feel as if 
I should recover my farmer health. P'or four montlis I was lingering in a 
very knv state of health and apprehending an affection of my Breast, when. I 
was taken with a mo^t violent and acute pleurisy which tho' at its height was 
very dangerous, }'et I sincerely hope has had th.e effect of carrying off all 
those symi>toms of i>reast complaint that threatened me before, and Doctor 
Sim thinks the Sweet Sju-jng trip will place me ])erfectly in statu (pio. I 
feel very grateful indeed for the jiains }'ou have taken to have my carriage 
made; your descrij/don of the one that can be had for 230 dollars is 
exactly suited to my idea of conveidence. I will take the liberty of stating 
my choice in several respects tliat correspond Nvith yours, or are not meii- 



i .'.i.i'.OJll 



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3M 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



tioned. ist, the width to be 3 feet 2 or 3 inches, the handle plain, a glass 
in preference to a Blind, 2 seats, one occasionally to take out, as Mrs. Lee 
when I travel with my taniily will usually ride with me; in the spaces on 
each side of the door and the sunken place in the bottom of the carriage to 
be contrived of tui or any other material most proper for carrying provis- 
ions and liijuors of different kinds, as they may be best suited to ; you know 
the convenience of such things and of course can direct them so as that I'm 
sure they will suit me; the space under the drivers feet I wished to be filled 
by a good strong travelling trunk as large as it \^■ill admit, as it would be 
difficult here to get a trunk to fit it exactly ; the space under his seat may 
be filled by a Box as you describe which will answer for carrying his bag- 
gage or anything else, this as well as the cases for carrying provisions 
should all take out and have locks to them. The place for carrying a Mat- 
trass on top is such a convenience that I cannot forego it (altho' the price 
is high) as I entend to carry one and will thank you to let me know the 
■size of the mattrass that it will carry as mine is to be made in the family. 
The axletrees to be of Iron ; my harness have what are called v.-oodcock 
eyes and of course the swingle trees must have Iroij hooks. As to colour, 
any one that is likely to last well I should prefer, but that as well as every- 
thing else respecting it I am willing to abide liy your discretion. Let me 
know the precise Sum when all my notions are complied with and when it 
will certainly lie ready for delivery that I may be prepared. If I had 
written to you yesterday I should have told you that my pros[)ect for Crop 
on this farm was vastly greater than ever before ; there has been a worm 
some time discovered in the neighborhood of Leesburg, whose numbers are 
incredible, and destroys ever^- field of v/heat into which they enter; this 
was only discovered on mine yesterday evening attended by a fly that my 
overseer thinks is destroying the wheat also. God knows where its ravages 
will end; indeed the weather for several days past has been tavorable for 
introducing the rust, to which one of my fields will be particularly liable. 
I have a thousand and ten thousand things to say to you, but must defer 
them till we meet,, which I hojie will be soon; spend your home with me 
till your house is ready for your reception. God bless you is the wish of 
your sincere friend." 

" P. S. I must add to the trouble I have already given you by 
requesting you to have made for me a pair of best Calf skin Boots of 
British leather if it be had, if not of the best American, with white 
tops and such as will not soil my stockings. Solomon brings a boot for 
measure." 

" My dear Sir, I rec'd )our letter of the uth yesterday, I am well 



A a.i.i'W; 






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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 3x5 

pleased indeed to hear that you are relieved from your most terrible and 
painful disease, and to me, its being done without taking Physick would 
enhance the value of the remedy ten thousand fold, for I am tired to death 
of Pliysick CKcept tb.at of the kitchen, which now suits me tolerably well, 
for thank God I have a good appetite and am getting tolerably well. And 
now that we are on this subject, I must mention my particular wish that 
some part of the carriage may be devoted to carrying some [food], suppose 
the Box under the servants seat is laid off in different apartments for the 
purpose, as I had rather give up the well, the apartments might be lined 
witli tin so that the grease would not penetrate ; my idea is that meat, IJread, 
Cake and such like matters should be carried distinctly. I wish the cases 
to carry common quart fjottles, which in an over set would not be so likely 
to be broken and if broken may be easily re[ilaced ; the colour you have 
chosen I should prefer ; if Brass clamijs do not cost more than Iron for the 
trunk I should prefer tlicm, with my name and Coton underneath marked 
witli Brass nails ; all these little matters you wall please to direct as you see 
fit, but of all things it is necessary that I should receive it as early as pos- 
sible. Doctor Sim is most pressing that I should set out by the 15th of 
July, however I must now wait for the carriage as I could no more ])erform 
the Journey on liorse Back in my present situation than 1 could perform any 
other impos.-ibibt\- ; and 1 have the most implicit confidence in your good- 
ness to have it made as quickly as is possible. As to the painting 1 can't 
expect it to be done in the best manner in so short a time, but I hope he 
will do it as well as the time admits. Before you leave Baltimore I will 
thank you to know the exact sum I am to pay for the carriage, trunk, &c. 
I wish to Crod your anairs could have permitted you to have gone with me, 
not only for the satisfaction I should have enjoyed but it might have been 
of vast service to you in giving the finishing to restoring your health. 
Betsy is very m;;ch alarmed at the ai»prehension of her letter to Miss Maud 
having miscarried ; she will with great pleasure commence a correspond- 
erice with her now altho' her letters are first to be read by the Lady Abbess. 
This cursed worm that alarmed the wliole country so much, thank God, has 
scarcely injured me in the least ; probably ten Bushels would cover the 
whole loss, which deduction from by far the best Crop 1 ever had is small 
indeetl ; hail storm and rust apart, I count v/ith great certainty on 500 
Barrels of Flour, exclusive of overseers share and seed. This you'll say is 
a very good Crop tor my poor farm. ... I wish very much to see ) ou that 
we niay, auAong other things, read my will over together that you may un- 
derstand my desires as perfectly as possible." 



i: ,iitv/ : ■ u j'/iv "111.. ' c. 



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3l6 LEE OF VIRCIINIA. 

Mr. Lee's will, dated the 8th of June, 1806, and probated in Loudoun 
the 14th of October, 1807, was as follows : 

In the mime of God, Amen. I Thomas l.udwtll I.ee of Coton in the county of Lou- 
doun and. state of Virginia being weak in healtli luit of perfect di.-i:).')sing mind, do make 
and ai'])oint ihi; my Li^t will arid tcstaTnent in the words following;, to wit: It is rny will 
and desire that ray body sluvahl be decently interred by tlie side of my dearly loved child 
Thomas Ludwell Lee dec'd without any expense that is not absolutely necessary and as to 
my worldly estate with which it has pleased God to bless me, I give and bequeath in the 
following manner. 1st. I desire all my land in the county of Staftord known by the name 
of " Berry Hill," all my land lying on the west side of Goose Creek in the county of Lou- 
doun, purchased of Tiiomas Swana who purchased of Carter's Executors, together with the 
mill seat appcrt;^ining thereto and 20 acres on the east side of said Creek to be laid out in 
the most convenient manner for the mill, all my lots in the town of MatiUaville at the great 
fiills of Potomac, devised to me l)y the will of my uncle Francis Lightfoot Lee, and all other 
property that it may hereafter appear I am entitled to, but have not now piossession, to my 
Executrix and Executor hereinafter named, to be by them sold as soon as may be for the 
payment of all my just debts and the balance if any after discharging the same to be applied 
as is hereafter mentioned. 

2d. I give and bequeath all the residue of my estate real and personal together %\ith 
any balance that may arise from the sale of the property above mentioned except as hereafter 
excepted to uiy luo^t ahectionate and dearly beloved v.ife lanny Lee for and during her 
natural life or as long as she may continue my v.-idow fur her support and that of our dear 
children, but should she again marry then I bequeath to her during her natural life the use 
of my mill property, now in the possession of Obadiah Clifford under lease, and the land 
on the opposite side of the Creek, which I purchased of Benjamin Edwards, but if the 
said mill property and land should be sold and the money placed at interest, as she is here- 
after by this v.-i!l authorized ti> do, then I give and bequeath to her for and during her natural 
life the wliole intere-t arising from the sum. 

3d. It is my will and desire that ony time \\hilc my beloved wife remains my widow 
she shall have tlie power and is hereliy authorized to sell and convey all my mill property 
as above described with the land I bought of Benjan^in Edwards and as many as ten acres 
of land to be added to the lot at present laid uil' for Obadiah Clifford in a manner convenient 
for the mill, the m<oney arising from the sale to be put to interest and well secured by 
mortgage on landed property ; she is hereby authuri/ed and empowered to sell all my land 
on the east sidei'f Goo-e Creek, iidjoiuing the land (_>f Ludwell Lee Esqr. and my late brothers 
heirs as well as some other persons, on which I have lately esl.ablished a f-iiia by the name 
of " Forest Farm " and on wiiich there are several leased hits, the money arising from the 
sale to be vested as the money arising from the mill is directed to be vtsted, but the princi- 
pal not to be used upon any condition unless the profits of the other part of my estate 
should be insutncient after maintaining my family to pay my daughters when they are mar- 
ried /"looo which I de^ire ma\ be paid to each of tliem as a marriage portion; she is also 
hereby authorized and empowered to sell any of the slaves I die possessed of and vest the 
money arising from the sale as is directed in the la=t clause, or in other slaves as she may 
deem most conducive to the interests of our children. 

4th. My will and desire is that Coton Farm, with all the land annexed to it, except the 
ten acres adjoining the mill lot which my beloved wife is hereafter aulhori/ed to sell, with 
all the slaves, furniture, stock, farming utensils, carriages and every description of prop- 



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STRATFORD LINE, FUTH GENERATION. 317 

erty shall be kept together for the sole use and benefit of my unmarried daughters, who are 
immediately on the death or marriage of their dear mother to possess and enjoy tjie same, 
but my express desire i^ that none of tliem live in the family more than one month after 
their marriage and from the time of tlieir marriage that tbey forfeit all their rights of prop- 
erty in the same ; after the death or man iage of my Ian single daughter, I desire that the 
whole property above mentioned should be sold and the money arising from it to be equally 
divided among all my daughters or their heirs. 

5th. My will and desire is that if my dear wife during her life or widowhood should 
not have sold my mill property and land on Goose Creek, as I have authorized her to do, 
that then the same shall be sold by my Executor or in case of his death by the Guardians 
of my children, the money to be C'lually divided among my daugluers, the married ones to 
be charged in the division with their m.-irriage portion of /"looo if they have received it, or 
so much of it as tliey have rec'd. 

6th. It is my will and desire that my Executriv. and E>cecutor pay to Landou Carter 
son of George Carter dec'd, in case he arrives at the age of twenty one years, or is married, 
as much money as will amount to one third of the sum arising from the sale of the land 
and mill seat on the west side of Goose Creek, which they are before authorized to sell for 
the payment of my debts, but no interest to be chargeable on the same except from the time 
of his coming of age or being married to the time of payment. 

7th. Having made in my ojiinion ample provisions for the payment of all my debts, it 
is my desire that no Inventory or Appraisement be made cf my personal estate but the same, 
as it is, may go inuncdiately to the uses in the will expre-sed. 

Sth. 1 do hereby constitute my aiTectionate and dearly beloved wife lanny Lee and my 
worthy friend George Carter Esqr. of Oatlands, Executrix and Executor of this my last will 
and testament and desire that they may be permitted to qualify to the same without giving 
any other security for their Execution of the trust I have reposed in them than their own 
iJonds. Signed, ^Vc, lVc. 

Thomas Ludwell and Fanny (Carter) Lee had eight children : 

i, TiiOMAS Ludwell'', who died in early inl^mcy. 

ii, Eli/aukth^ wh.o niarried her cousin, St. Leger Landon Carter, the 
second son of Landon Carter, of '• Cleve.s, ' and -Mns. Lliz.i (Carter) 
Thornton, his wife, who was a daughter of Robert W. Carter. They 
apparenil) had no children. 
iii, Mary .Avleft", niarried Tench Ringgold, l)eing his second wife (see 
2S, iv) ; they had issue, names unkiiown to writer; anungst tlieui, a 
daughter from whom the Hon. Ldward 1). White, late L^ S. Senator 
from Louisiana and jnesent Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme 
Court, is descended. 
iv, Winifred Beale'', married William Lrent, Jr., of " Richland," Staf- 
ford county ; he was the son of Daniel Carroll and Anne Kenton (^Lee) 
Brent, and a first cousin of his wife. (See 17, iv.) 

V, Fanny Carter^, died single. 



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3l8 LEE OF VIRGINIA. " '" ■ 

vi, Ann Lucinda**, married John M. McCarty, son of Col. Daniel aiicl 
Sarah (Mason) McCarly, of "Cedar Grove," Fairfax county. 

vii, Catharine*, died sinL^de. 

viii, Sydney '^, was probably a daughter; said to have died single. There 
is no allusion to a second son in his father's will ; he nicntions one, 
Thomas Ludwell, deceased, but refer.-, to his li\-ing children as if al! 
were daughters. 

George Lee. 

31. George ^ the third son of Thomas Ludwell Lee* (Thomas ^ 

Richard-, Richard') and Mars' Aylett, his wWc ; born ; died in 1S05, 

probably in January; married Evelyn Ryrd, daughter of Robert and JSLiria 
(Carter) Beverley, of "Wakefield," Culpeper county. His v^-ill, dated the 
2Sth of October, 1S02, and probated, in Loudoun, nth of February, 1S05, 
was as follows : ' . 

I George Lee of Farmwe'.l, Loudoun county and State of Virginia, do make and ordain 
this my last will and testament, signed with my name and sealed and datad this rSth day of 
October, 1S02. lit. It is my desire thiit all my ju.-t del. is shall be paid for Vnich pur- 
pose I leave ai! the jroj^erty that may come to me fvo:n the Instate of my broth.er Wm. A. 
Lee dec'd, sli >uhl tliit property toc'^tlicr with the rents and crops of my own estate not be 
sutHcient to p.iy my (iebt>, I empower my Executor and E.xecutrix hereinafter mentioned to 
dispose of such of my properly a.s they may think proper for that purpose. 2nd. I give to my 
wife Evelyn Byrd Lee all my esiate both real and personal (after my just debts are paid) 
during her widowbcKjd for the support of herself and my children and during her life the 
following negroes, P'rank, Caroline, Peter, Sam, Sail, nud Ned, this last bequc-^t is made in 
lieu of the n:grocs I sold that were settled on her and as I suppose there is a dilurence in 
the value of the negroes against her, it is my desire and I hereby empower my Executor 
(hereinafter mentioned) to pay my u-ife should she marry again ^^500 of tlie lust money 
collected from the estate left m}" son George. 

3rd. 1 give and bequeath to my daughter Maria Carter Lee at the marriage of her 
mother or when she arrives at the age of sixteen, i,oco acvis of land in tiic co. nty of I.ou- 
dou;i, to 1 e l.tid on ~;i the we^t side of the O.x Road and adjoining the land of Tvlr. Ludwell 
Lee, my brother Thomas L. Lee, to be bounded by the Ox Road as far as is necessary to 
give the (|uantity of i.ooo acres. I request my Exec;i^Jr to iiave the above I;!".-.: laid ott as 
Si)un as is po-^sible which survey mu^t be binding on my hciis. I also leave her at the death 
of her mother my two iiegroe?, Patrick and Nelly. 

4th. I give an<3 bequeath to my son George Lee at the marriage or ileath. of his mother 
all my lands in the county of Loudoun not settled on licr, or given to his sister; and at his 
mother's death 1 give and bc'jueath to my son George Lee the whole of the projierty settled 
oil his mother, b!,tii real and personal (except the negroes I sold and the houseliold and 
kitchen furLiiime wliich I leave to his mother) and I also leave my son tleorge Lee the six 
negroes left to his mother during her life; after her death. I leave niy son George residuary 
legatee of this my la-t will and testament. I leave my brother Thomas L. Lee of Coton as 
Execut(jr and my \v ife Evelyn l!. Lee a^ Executrix to this v.ill and leave the two above 
named persons guardians to my eliddren u'ltil my son Luiorge Lee arrives at the age of seven 



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319 



years, then it i% rny will and desire that my Brother Thos. L. Lee should have entire direction 
of him, signed, staled and dated the day and yf^ar above mentioned. 

George and Evelyn Byrd (Beverley) had, as mentioned in his will, 
only two children ; apparently the daughter was the elder. 
i, Maria Carter'', was not 16 in 1S02. 
ii, Georc;e®. See 43. 



THE BEVERLEYS. 

The Beverle)-s are traced back as far as the time of King John, in 
the records of the towi; of Beverley in Yorkshire. In 14 Edv>ard III., 
Thomas de Beverley was appointed to superintend the fortifications of the 
town ; many other references show the promi- 
nence of this family in that county. About 1662, 
Robert Beverley sold his estate near Be\erley and 
emigrated to Yirginia. He arrived about 1663, 
and settled in ^Middlesex cou;ity, of which he v.-as 
a Justice in 1673, and perhajis earlier. Before 
that time (in 1670) he had been elected (^lerk of 
the Hous'j of Burgesses, and seems to have held 
the position, almost continuous!}-, until his death, 
which occurred on tlie i6th of Marcli, 17-87. 
Evidently he soon became r man of great influ- 
ence in tlie Colony, especially with the Burgesses 
and the people; on the other hand he ap[;eavs to 
have been continually at feud with the governors after Berkeley's departure. 
While Berkeley was governor, Beverley was a staunch friend and supj)orter of 
hi-i go'.-ernmcnt ; assisting him with a strong hand, in suppressing "Bacon's 
Rebellion." Though his conduct pleased the governor, it did not meet 
with the approval of the people, among whom his trooj's were quartered ; 
they were very emphatic in their complainls agairl^t his conduct. Berkeley 
issued a commission, on the 13th of Xovemljcr, 1676, to Beverley, in which 
it was stated: "Whereas by many frequent and successful services to his 
Sacred Majesty, this Countrey and me, his Majesties Governor of it, Major 
Robert Beverley hath approved himself to be most loyall, circumspect and 
curagious in his Majesties, service for the good of his countrey and the sup- 
pressing this late horrid Rebellion, began by Bacon," etc. One of the 
Engli>h commissioners, sent over to suppress the rebellion and to invesiigate 
its causes, was Francis Morysoii, who seems to have been rancorous against 
Philip Ludwell and Robert Beverley, whoni he declared were the chief 




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320 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

causes of the rebellion. Yet they had both supported Berkeley in su[)press- 
ing it. Later, Moryson wrote to Wise.nan : "I send you Jeffrey's letter 
wherein you will find that Beverley and Ludv.-ell still continue the same 
mutineers, as wee left them, and will never be other, but will undoubtedly 
cau?e new disturbances in the country as soon as tlie soldiers are cone." 

Beside his lands in Middlesex, Robert Beverley owned •• Beverley 
Park," in King and Queen county, and also lands in other counties, 
amounting in all, it is said, to about 50,000 acres. He v/as twice married ; 
his first wife's name was Mary, surname not known. His second, was 
Catharine, 4aughter' of Major Theophilus Hone, of James City county. 
After Beverley's death, she married Christopher Rol)inson, as shown by 
documents recorded in Middlesex. He left issue : Robert, Peter, Henry, 
John, and William ; also two daughters, Mary and Catharine. The latter 
married John Robinson, once president of the Council, who died the 5th 
of September, 1749, and was succeeded in that position by Thomas Lee. 

Robert, hi- son, the well knovv-n historian of Virginia, lived and died 
on his estate in King and Q'leen county ; he married Ursula, da'ightcr of 
the first William B'.rd. of '•' "Westover ;" their son, '^.\'illiam, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Randolph) Bland, of '•' Jordans" 
(her elder sister married Henry I,ee, of "Lee Hall," Westmoreland), and 
had a son, Robert, who married Maria, daughter ot Col. Landon and ^L^ria 
(Byrd) Carter, of -'.Sabine Hal!;" they lived at •'•Wakefield" in Culpeper 
county. Robert died in 1800, leaving thirteen children; his tenth child, 
Evelyn Byrd, married George Lee, as stated ; after his death, she married, 
secondly, Dr. Patrick Hume Douglas. 

' Thomas Lee. 

32. Thomas^, the eldest son of Richard Henry Lee*, (Thomas', 
Ric;nn-d -, Richard^ ). and Anne Ayletr, his first wife, was born at '•' Chan- 
tilly," on "Friday the 20th day of October, 175S, at 11 o'clock at night, 
and was christened by the P.ev. Mr. Charles Ross on the 26th day of No- 
vember, 175S. ILs sponsors were the Honourable Ph.ilip Ludv.ell Lee, 
Gawen Corbin, Esq.. Capt. VViiliam Allerton, Miss Alice Lee, Mr. .-VUer- 
ton, and Miss Mary Aylett." (Family Bible of R. H. Lee.) 

Thomas Lee was sent to England to school; as he was there in 1776, 
he must have gone over when quite young. The biugrai^her of his father, 
R. H. Lee S has stated that Ludwell Lee v.as at "'a school in St. Bees, in 
England," at the time of the moving of tlie Declaration of Lideperidence. 



"^Li/eof R. H.Let, 17S 



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ft.'. , KUTli'""'' * 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 32I 

It is probable that his elder brother was there with him. Arthur Lee ^ 
wrote from France to R. H. I-ee, under date of 25th of December, 1776, 
"... I have sent for your sons hither. I mean to keep Ludwell with 
me, and if his genius suits to train him to arms, chiefly in the engineering 
line. Tom I will send to you with our dispatches, when they are of im- 
portance. He is now of an age to be useful to you in Virginia, from 
whence your absence must greatly damage your affairs." It appears that 
" Tom " did not go to Virginia soon, but entered the office of a merchant, 
who had dealings for the commissioners of Congress. Under date of 15th 
of February, 17 78, Arthur Lee wrote from Paris: " . . . Tom is still 
with Mr. Schweighauser, and appears to be improving : Ludwell has left 
his school, lives v/ith me, and I shall soon make him begin reading law." 
Later still, .Arthur Lee wrote, from Virginia, to the ALarquis of Lansdown 
(under date of the 3d of March, 1786) '' . . . My nephew, Thomas Lee, 
will have the honour of presenting this letter to your lordship. He comes 
to finish his law studies at the Temple. Your lordship's patronage of him 
will be a singular happiness to him and a favour to me. I hope you will 
find him intelligent and cajiable of giving your lordship a satisfactory ac- 
count of this country." Thomas Lee lived at •' Park Gate," near Dum- 
fries, in Prince "William county, where he farmed and practiced law. He 
died between the last of July and the first of October, 1S05. Was twice 
married; first, about the 15th of October, 17SS, to Mildred, daughter of 
John Augustine and Hannah (Bushrod) Washington ; after her death, he 
married, secondly, Eliza Ashton Brent. His will mentions two children, a 
son and a daughter ; both were probably the issue of his second marriage. 
General V/ashington, in v;riting to Sir Isaac Heard, of the Herald's Office, 
London, of his family, said : " John Augustine Washington, son of Au- 
gustine and ^Liry (Bail) ^\'ashington, married Hannah Bushrod, arid had, 
Bushrod, Corbin, and Mildred ; Corbin married a daughter of the Honour- 
alile Richard IIciiryLce; Mildred married Thomas T>ee, son of the said 
R. H. Lee " (Sparks, 508.) A marriage bond was filed on the 13th of 
October, 17S8, at \\'estmoreland, between Thomas Lee and [Mildred Wash- 
ington, spinster; it was signed by Thomas Lee, Sr., and AVilliam Aliett 
Lee. 

Note. This connection of Thomas Lee with a mercantile house that 
h.id dealings with the American commissioners, was used as an evidence of 
some intrigue on the part of the two Lees, Arthur and William, by their 
enemies. Deanc wrote to the President of Congress, under date of 12th 



' /.i/i.- 0/ Arthsf Ltc-, II, pji. no, 135. 1C9. 

21 



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322 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

October, 177S, tliot " Mr. Lee's Nephew, a son of the honourable Richard 
Ilcury Lev, is in the house of Mons. Scliweighauser, at Nantes, as a clerk 
or as a partner — I am infonaed the laLLer. Commercial affairs and the dis- 
position of prizes are put into the care of this house, while a near con- 
nection of Mr. Schwcighauser, at Guernsey or Jersey, is employing him- 
self in sending out cruisers on our commerce." * John Adams said : ' 
"Mr. Schweighauser was a very solid merchant, highly esteemed by every- 
body, and highly approved by the Court " (French). 

Tliomas Lee's will was dated the 15th of January, and probated, in 
Prince A^'illliam, the ytli of October, 1805. It reads: 

In the nr.me of God, Aniea. I Thomas Lee, Sen., of Prince William county and Com- 
monwealth of Virginia heinL,' ct present low in health hut of sound disposing mind, I return 
humble thanks to the almighty ruler of human events und considering the uncertainty of life, 
do constitute and make this ray last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all others which I 
may have made and declaring this to be ray last, as follows Viz. In the first place I do de- 
sire that my body may be decently and without parade interred and laid on the left side of 
my late ever dear wife, between Iicr remains and those of ray dear little infant, so that his 
grave may l^e between mine ruid that of his blessed dear mother when it may please our 
good God to take her out of this World, should it be her pleasure to be buried there, and as 
it is my present intention, if God spares my life long enough, to have the grave yard en- 
closed with a good substantial brick or stone wall; should it not be done I do require ray 
Executors and Executrix, hereafter to be named, to have it done at the expense of my estate. 

Secondly, I desire tliat my just debts may be paid without any uimecessary delay by 
my Executors, hereby authorising them to sell whatever part of my estate, real or personal, 
they may think most to the advantage of my estate. Thirdly. (This section was torn out 
during the late war.) Fourthly, I do give and liequeath to my only child and affectionate 
daughter Eliinor Lee all the residue of my estate real and personal in possession, reversion 
or remainder to her and her heirs forever. 

Fifthly, If my dear wife should choose it I desire the dwelling house should be allotted 
on her half of the Land. Sixthly, I do constitute and appoint my ever dear Brothers and 
sinccie fri'-nui Ludwell Loe and Francis L. Lee Executors and my beloved wife and de.ar 
daughter Eliza Ashton Lee and Eliinor Lee Executrixes to this my last Will and Testa- 
ment, hereby declaring that these my Executors sh.all not be subject to any suit or suits for 
the maiui.^ement of my said estate by my heiis under a forfeiture of the whole estate to my 
said Fxecutors, convinced of their friendship and integrity. The whole of this Will I have 
written with my own hand without any interlineation or erasure and pray that full faith may 
be given to it as such by all courts and signed this 15th day of January, one thousand eight 
hundred and five. 

Codicil. As I know it v,-as the earnest wish of my dear and beloved sister, Hannah 
Washington, that her two Daughters Jane and Molly Washington should be brought up 
under the care of my ever dear wife, it is my desire that they continue to live with her until 
they are of a^je and that she expend such part of their fortunes as she finds necessary in pro- 



1 I^ittrs r/ li'uiiam Lee, 358. 

• Lift an/i M'crks 0/ Jckri Adams, HI, izg, 









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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 323 

vidinf^ tliem with a governess and such other instruction as she may judge proper for them. 
23d July, 1S05. ■ , ' . . ■ '.,■■■• ,, 1 

Thomas Lee had only one surviving child : '^ ' 

i, Eleanor ^ born the i3ta of August, 1783 ; entered the Moravian Sem- 
inary, at Bethlehem, Pa., in 1796, ''recommended by George Wash- 
ington." (Seminary Catalogue.) Died Nov., 1807; married, 
Girard Alexander, son of Col. William Alexander, of " Effing- 
ham," Prince William county; he was born the 25th of June, 17S4, 
and died the 2d of July, 1S34; they had one son, Thomas Ludwell 
Alexander, colonel U. S. A., born the 26th of October, 1807; died 
the nth of March, iSSi, and left issue. 

Ludwell Lee. 

33. Ludwell ^ the second son of Richard Henry Lee* (Thomas ^ 
Richard ^ Richard '), and of Anne Aylett, his first wife, was born at " Chan- 
tiily" on " Monday the 13th of October, 1760, at 12 o'clock in the night, 
and was christened by the pN.ev. Mr. Ross on Sunda}-, the 26th of October, 
1760. His proxies were Richard Lee, Esq., Doctor Arthur Lee, and Miss 
Elizabeth Steploe." (Family Bible of R. H. Lee.) He died at his home, 
"Belmont," in Loudoun, on the 23d of March, 1S36. 

Ludwell Lee was educated in England and France, as shown by tlie ex- 
tracts from the letters of his uncle, Dr. Arthur Lee, given in connection 
with Ludwell's older brother, Thomas Lee. His son, R. H. Lee (the 
biographer of his grandfather, Richard Henry Lee), has given this anecdote 
of Ludwell, from v/hom he had heard it: ' 

"A son of Mr. Lee was, at the time of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, at school in St. Bees, in England. . . . One day, as this youth was 
standing near one of the professors of the academy, who was conversing 
with a gentleman of the ncigiiboring county, he licard the question asked, 
' ^Vhat boy is this?' to which the professor answered, ' He is a son of Rich- 
ard Henry Lee, of America.' The gentleman, upon hearing this, put his 
liand ufion his head and said, ' We shall yet see your father's head ufion 
Tower Hill,' to which the boy answered, ' Vou may have it when you can 
get it.'" 

Under date of the 30th of June, 1777, R. H. Lee wrote to his brother 
Arthur :"...! have written by this opportunity to our Brother Wil- 
liam, supposing him to be in France. I told him that the times prevent 

UJ/e c/K. [I. Lit, T7S. 



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324 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



me from making remittance, and therefore that my sons must be sent to me 
by the first good opportunity if he cannot continue to advance for their 
frugal maintenance in France a small time longer. I wish Ludwell to go 
deep into the study of Natural and Civil Law and Eloquence, as well as to 
obtain the military improvement you put him on, my desire being that he 
may be able to turn either to the Law or the sword here, as his genius or his 
interest and service of his country might point out. I want Tom to pos- 
sess himself of the knowledge of business either in Mr. Schweighauser's 
counting house or under his uncle, if he should go into business that may 
be entrusted to his care. But all or any part of this plan depends, I ap- 
prehend, entirely on their uncle "William. Should any unhappy accident 
have befallen him and thereby prevented him from coming to France, I 
must rely on you to direct them to be sent over to me by the first oppor- 
tunity." {Souihcrn Literary Messenger, Yo\. 28, No. 6, p. 429.) 

After his death this sketch was published in the Leesburg paper by Mr. 
R. H. Henderson, of that place: 

"Departed this life, on the night of Wednesday the 23d ult., at his 
residence in tin's County, Ludwell Lee, Esq., in the 76th year of his age. 
Mr. Lee, the oldest son of the illustrious orator, statesman, and patriot, 
Richard Kenry Lee, rose into manhood during the memorable struggle in 
which his Father v\-on an undying fame. True to the principles and spirit 
of that Father, the subject of this passing notice flew from the shades of the 
Academy to the standard of his country ; and, as one of the military family 
of the heroic and generous Lafayette, followed it until it was crowned with 
glorious peace. Mr. Lee engaged in the profession of the law, but, blessed 
with an ample fortune, he withdrew from it at an early period, yet not until 
he had exhibited to his friends and his country those pov.-ers and attainments 
which would, under different circumstances, have rendered him one of its 
brightest ornaments. 

*' He was a distinguished member of the Virginia Legislature, and pre- 
sided over the deliberations of the Senate with approved ability, dignity, and 
courtesy in the palmiest days of this once renowned commonwealth. But 
tlie strife and tumult of the political arena vs-ere as distasteful to him as 
were those of the bar. His character was essentially gentle, tranquil, and 
benevolent ; and although he died, as he had lived, an unwavering disciple 
of our own Washington, the suavity of his manners always kept pace with 
the rectitude and fiimness of his purpose. In the walks of private life, amid 
the social circle, at the -sacred family hearth, Ludwell Lee shone with a 
mild and constant lustre : — here he displayed learning without ostentation ; 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 325 

wit without one solitary tincture of unkindness ; affection which soothed 
and gladdened all around him. Not unscathed by sorrow in the evening of 
his life, he sought solace and support from llini who never forsakes those who 
cleave to Him in sincerity and humility. In a word, to the good man and 
the gentleman he added that better character which makes worldly nierit 
less than dust in the balance. He breathed out his spirit, at last, without a 
groan ; and has gone to rejoin in the realms of ceaseless peace and bliss that 
Lafa}'ette under whose chivalrous eye he drew his youthful sword, and who 
came, after so many chances and changes, to embrace him again in the 
classic retirement of Belmont. His life happily illustrates the sublime truth, 
'The Christian is the higliest type of man.' He was a Cliristian in all the 
truth, in all the purity, in all the meekness, in all the Catholic love and 
charity of that endearing name. The places that knew him shall know him 
no more ; he has gone where the approving smiles of his Heavenly Father shall 
succeed to the tears and sighs of his beloved children." 

An old colored man, probably once a servant of Ludwell Lee's, re- 
cently told, in the graphic language of his race, of the visit of Lafayette to 
Loudoun ; of how the niansions of Belmont and Coton were decorated, of 
the dor;b]e line of lanterns v.hich connected the two houses, that guests 
might readily pass from one to the other, either one of the mansions being 
too suiall to contain '' all the country " that were bidden to meet the gal- 
lant Frenchman. 

This letter to his uncle William Lee is interesting. 

"Shooter's hill, 15th of Dec'r 1793. My Dear Uncle. I believe it 
to be a very just observation that the more we progress in error, the more 
difficult it is to get into the right v.-a}- again. I feel and have fell this 
strongly in the business of writing to those who have more claims than one 
upon my epistolary attentions. Shame for the long dela}^, and an utter im- 
possibility of framing an excuse keeps me from essa\ing a fulfilment of m.y 
duty. I must attenipt none now, but only assure you that the vis ircrti'ic 
and not want of true affection has been the cause of my failures hitherto. 

" I inclose you an accepted draft of Col. Lee which will be due by the 
time you can send it to Richmond. He assures me that the money shall 
be ready for you as soon as it is presented. This is the most convenient 
plan I could fall upon to transmit your money to you. It would give me 
sincere pleasure had I it in my power to discharge the principal of my bond 
to you, as the business of being in debt is one very disagreeable to me. 
But my crops have this year fallen very short of what they were last ; only 
2000 bushels of wheat for sale, which is ap[)ropriated to the payment of my 






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326 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

debt to Mr. P'endall. I have a large crop in the ground, having sowed 630 
busliels which with the benign assistance of heaven may enable next year to 
go a great way into the discharge of it. 

"The truce which Portugal and Holland have made with the Algerines 
has let these robbers loose upon the trade of America. This will defeat in 
a great measure the benefits we derive from our Neutrality and I can see no 
way of getting out of the mischief but by purchasing their friendship as 
others have done. Indians and Algerines will give us our hands full with- 
out meddling with the hot headed Frenchmen's affairs. 

"You have seen I suppose b;' the papers that Dallas, the first propa- 
' gator of the story about Genet's appeal, has denied the whole business. 
Jay and King are in a pretty hole. However the President has given Mr. 
Genet a pretty decent dressing in his Letter to Congress upon the views of 
foreign Powers towards us. Political storms seem forming around us. The 
death of George Washington would let loose the Dogs of War; upon what 
a slender tie does the Peace of the New World depend ; perhaps its hard 
earned Independence and the fairest prospect of human liberty and happi- 
ness. I am lost in conjecture and in apprehension. However I wish you 
a merry Christmas, and am ever most aff 'ly yours, etc. 

Ludwell Lee was twice married ; first, about the 23d of January, 17SS, 
to his first cousin, Flora, daugh.ter of Philip Ludwell, and Elizabeth (Step- 
toe) Lee, of Stratford, by whom he had three children. He was married, 
secondly, in 1797, to Elizabeth, daughter of Bowles, and Mary (Fontaine) 
Armistead, by whoui he had six children. He resided first at " Shooter's 
Hill," near Alexandria, and later at " Belmont," near Leesburg. His 
first wife died and v/as buried at "Shooter's Hill ;" her "tomb was to be 
seen there prior to the late civil war " (Rev. Joseph Packard, D. D.). He 
was buried at Belmont. 

Ludwell Lee made a nuncupative v/ill, on the iSth of March, 1S36, 
leaving some silver and a few slaves to his daughters, Ellen and Emily ; 
some silver to his "son Dr. Lee." This will was attested by James L. 
McKenna and Edmund I. Lee. 

By his first wife Mr. Lee had three children : 

i, RicH.\KD Henrv®. See 4.1 . • 

ii, Cecilia^, born in 1790; died ; married James L. McKenna; no 

issue, 
iii, Eliza Matilda^, born the 13th of September, 1791 ; died the 22d of 
January, 1S75; ^"""^ niarried, in i8ii, to Richard H. Love, of Fairfax 
county, and had six children : of these, Ludwell and Thomas died 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 527 

young. 3, Richard Lee, born in 1815, died in 1855 ; entered the 
U. S. N. ; married Martha Ann Pearson. 4, Cecilia Matilda, mar- 
ried, in 1844, Major Lewis Addison Armistead, V. S. A. She was 
born in 1823 and died in 1S50. 5, The last son was General John 
Love, U. S. A., of Indiana, a graduate of West Point, who was born 
in 1S20 and died in iSSi ; he married Mary F. Smith, and died with- 
out issue. 6, Their last child, Flora Lee Love, married the Rev. 
William Johnson, of the Episcopal church, at v,-hose home Mrs. Love 
died. 

By his marriage with Elizabeth Armistead, Ludwell Lee had six chil- 
dren : 

iv, Mary AnnS born 8th of April, 179S; married General Robert B. 

Campbell, of South Carolina. 
V, Ellen McIVLvcKEN^, born 5th of April, 1802; married twice; first, 
Thomas Bedford, of Kentucky, and had one child ; secondly, in 1S44, 
the Rev. Nathaniel Phippen Xnc.pp, of Mobile, Alabama, and had : 
1, Ludwell Lee, born in 1S45, died in 18S3. 2, Caroline Frances, 
born ist of July, 1S47 > married, 9th of January, 1S73, the Rev. John 
Richard Joyner. 

vi, Elizabeth Armlsfead*, born 23d of March, 1S04; "entered into 
rest at the residence of Rev. J. R. Joyner, Berlin, Worcester county, 
Md., 23d of May, 18S7, Mrs. Elizabeth A. Selden, in the 84th year 
of her age ; daughter of the Flon. Ludwell Lee, of 'Belmont,' Lou- 
doun county, Va., and widow of the late Wilson Gary Selden, of 
'Exeter,' near Leesburg, Va." {SGuthcrn Churchman.^ 

vii, Emily^ born ; died in 1875, unmarried. 

viii, Francis Lightfoot ^ born ; died ; married a Miss Rogers, 

of South Carolina, but had no issue. 

ix, Bowles Armistead', born ; died , unmarried. A cadet 

from Virginia of his name entered West Point in 1S2S. 

" • Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

34. Francis LiG:rrrOOT^ the fourth son and youngest child of Rich- 
ard Menry Lee* (Thomas ^ Richard ^ Richard^), by .\nne (Gaskins) Pinck- 
ard, his second v/ife, %\as born "at 2 o'clock on the morning of the iSth 
of June, 1782 ; was christened by the Rev. Mr. Wilson ; his sponsors were 
Thomas and Ludwell Lee, Mr. Aylett Lee, Miss ^Nlary Lee, Miss Hannah 
Lee, Miss Flora Lee, and Miss Lucinda Lee." (Family Bible of R. H. Lee.) 



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328 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Mr. Lee's early education was probably under a private tutor. In 
179S he entered f-arvard College, was graduated an A. B. in 1802, and in 
1806 received Iiis A. M. (College records.) He was a lawyer by j)iofes- 
sion, and resided at "Sully," in Fairfax county, not far distant from Alex- 
andria and Wash.ington. He died on the 13th of April, 1850. He was 
twice married,' his two wives having been sisters, and daughters of Col. John, 
and Jane (Digges) Fitzgerald, of Alexandria. By his first wife, Elizabeth, 
he had no surviving children ; by his second, Jane, whom he married on the 
9th of February, iSio, he had five children. 

Colonel John Fitzgerald, the father of Elizabetli, and Jane Fitzgerald, 
was a native of Ireland, who had settled at Alexandria some time before 
the Rev^olution, ?nd had become a prosperous merchant of that tov/n. Dur- 
ing tlie war he served for some time upon General Vs'ashington's staff, and 
the friendship begun at that time aj>pears to have continued throughoui: 
their lives. Very frequent mention is made in Washington's diary of visits 
paid to Col. I'ltzgerald at Alexandria. He was at one time Mayor of that 
tov, n. Francis Liglitfoot Lee had by his second wife these five children : 

i, J.AKE Eliz\i;eth'', born in iSii and died in 1S37; married in 1S32 
Henry T. Harrison, of Loudoun county, and left a daughter, who died 
in 1870, unmarried. Henry T. Harrison married, secondly, in iS-;i. 
Elizabeth Mary Jones, daughter of Walter and Anne Lucinda (Lee) 
Jones (see 36, i). 
ii, Samuel Phillips^'. See 45. 
iii, John Fitzgerald'^'. See 46. 

iv, Artiiuk®, born ; died unmarried at Louisville, Ky., on the 7th 

of August, I S4 I. In an obituary notice of him the writer says : ". . . 
Possessed of a high order of intelligence, deeply imbued with a love 
of letters, and rich in actjuisitions of knowledge, he might have shone 
in the walks of literature and won reputation among men ; but, with 
instinctive difiidence, he shrank from the public gaze, and deaf to 
the loud calls of ambition and attentive only to the 'still small voice' 
of conscience, he chose ratlier to employ his talents and acquire- 
ments in the humble but holy office of a Sunday-school teacher." 

V, Frances Anne ^, born at Bladensburg, Prince George's county, Md., 
on the 30th of June, 1816; died on the 5th of December, 18S9 ; was 
tv.ice married: first, on the 6th of September, 1S43, to Goldsborough 
Robinson, who died on the 5th of August, 1S44, leaving two sons : 
I, Arthur Lee Robinson, born the 27th of December, 1843; was mar- 
ried on the 1 6th of January, 1868, to Norborne Alexina, daughter of 



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STRA'iTORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. - 32-9 

Norborne Alexaiider Gait and Elizabeth Mildred Thompson Gray, his 
\vife; Mrs. Robinson died the 4th o( December, 186S, leaving a son, 
Alexander Gait, born the 26ih of November, 186S. 2, Goldsborough 
Robinson, born the 25th of March, 1845; died the 29th of March, 
1SS7; was marriedon the 8th of Januar}', 1S67, to Matilda Nicholas, 
daughter of William, and Penelope (Pope) Prather, and had tliese 
eight children: Frances Lee, Alexander Humyihrcy, Julia Prather, 
Arthur Lee, Phillips Lee, Martha Pope, ISLatilda Goldsborough, and 
Penelope Prather Robinson. Of these Frances Lee was married on the 
■ 6th of February, 1S90, to Frederick Daniel Hnsscy ; Alexander Hr.m- 
phrey was married on the 9th of June, 1S91, to Catharine Nelson Fick- 
len ; Julia Prather vras married on the 6th of November, 1893, to Wil- 
liam Beynroth Hardy. 

Mrs. Anne Frances (Lee) Robinson was married, secondly, on the 
6th of November, 1S46, to William Frederick Pettit, and had one son, 
William Frederick, born the 5th and died the 23d of December, 1S4S. 

!Major-General FIenry Lke. 

35. FIenrv^, the second child and eldest son of Henry Lee * (Ileiity *, 
Richard % Richard '; and Lucy Grymes, his v/ife, was born at " Lees)'l- 
vania," his father's home, near Dumfries, in Prince ^^'illiam county, on the 
29th of January, 1756; he died at Cumberland Island, Georgia, the home 
of his old commander, General Greene, on the 25th of March, 181S. 

After receiving the usual rudimentary education at home, Henry was 
sent to Princeton College, where he graduated in 1773. Dr. William 
Shippen wrote to R. H. Lee, in 1770 : " Your cousin, Henry Lee, is in col- 
lege and will be one of the first fellows in this country. He is more than 
strict in his morality, has fine genius aiid is diligent. Charles is in the 
grammar school, but Dr. Witherspoon expects much from his genius an.d 
apjilication." (Dr. Witherspoon was then the president of I'rinceton 
Coiiege.) On LM\i;:g co1I^..,l-, Henry ^s 1.? for some lime c;m])loyed in look- 
ing afier the private affair^ of his father, who was absent from home en- 
gaged in negotiating a treaty with some Indian tribes on behalf of the 
colony of Virginia. The next year he was intending to embark for Eng- 
land to pursue the study of the law ; but the dark shadows of war were al- 
ready threatening, and changed the prosijective lav.yer into an actual 
soldier. His later career seems to have proven him well qualified for t'le 
profession of the kvv, and it is [probable that, had he entered the ijolitical 
arena, he would have made for himself a reputation of no mean proportion 
as an orator and legislator. 



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33© LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Henry Lee was foremost among those who took an active part in organ- 
izing and drilling the militia of Virginia; in consequence, he was ap- 
pointed, in 1776, by Patrick Henry, then governor of the State, a captain 
of one of the companies of cavalry in the Virginia regiment commanded by 
Colonel Theodorick Bland. Lee soon distinguished himself by his thorough 
discipline of his troopers, as well as by the care and attention given to their 
horses and equipment. He wrote his colonel, under date of 13th of April, 
i777> " • • • How happy would I be, if it was possible for my men to be 
furnished with caps and boots, prior to my api)earance at head-quarters ! 
You know, my dear Colonel, that, justly, an officer's reputation depends 
not only on the discipline, but appearance of his men. Could the articles 
mentioned be allowed my troop, their ajjpearance into Morris [Morristo\sn] 
would secure rne from the imputation of carelessness as their captain, and 1 
have vanity enough to hoj^e would assist in procuring some little credit to 
the colonel and regiment. Pardon my solicitations on any head respecting 
the condition of my troop; my sole object is the credit of the regiment." 

At the time this letter was written, Colonel Bland's regiment liad 
joined the Army under Washington, and Lee was about to make his first ap- 
pearance " at head-quarters." His appearance must have been such as he de- 
sired, or his subsequent behaviour in active service must have been success- 
ful, for he appears to have won the esteem and affection of Washington very 
early in the war. It is certain that he was frequently employed by his 
commander on confidential missions and in hazaVdous expeditions. '• He 
was fa.vorably noticed by Washington throughout the war," wrote Irving. 
At one tin\e the General wrote to Lee, "... You may in future or while 
on your present command, mark your letters private ;'' this to an ofllcer 
only twenty-three years old surely indicated confidence and esteem. In 
fact, his extrenie youth seems to have been the sole reason why due rank 
was not a'.varded his military merit. He was too youthful to be elevated 
over the heads of men mucli his senior in years, though probably inferior 
in military talent. 

This letter attests the kind feeling of appreciation in which Lee was 
held by hib great chief : 

" My dear Lee, — Although I have given you my thanks in the general 
orders of this day, for the late instance of your gallant behaviour, I cannot 
resist the inclination I feel to repeat them again in this manner. I needed 
no fresh i)roofs of your merit, to bear you in remembrance. I waited only 
for the proper time and season to show it ; those, I hojie, are not far off. 
I shall also think of and will reward the merit of Lindsay, when an open- 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. '33I 

ing juesents, as far as I can consistently ; and I shall not forget the cor- 
poral, whom yoM h: vc recommended to my notice. Offer my sincere thanks 
to the whole of your gallant party, and assure them that no one felt pleasure 
more sensibly, or rejoiced m.ore sincerely for your and their esca.pe, than 
your affectionate," etc. ^ ' . 

The skirmish referred to by Washington was an attempt on the part of 
the British to caj ture Lee. They attached sufficient importance to making 
him their prisoner to send a troop of 200 horse to secretly surround his 
headquarters, wlien they had ascertained he was near their lines and accom- 
panied by only ten men. The Americans manned the windows of the house 
and succeeded in beating off their assailants. Lee reported, " The contest 
was very warm ; the l-5ritish dragoons trusting to their vast superiority in 
number, attemjAed to force their way into the house. In this they were 
bafRed by the bravery of my men. After having left two killed and four 
wounded, they desi.-^tcd and sheered off." 

The skill and daring of Lee soon v\-on such favor in the eyes of his 
chief that Washington urged Congress to give him the command of an in- 
dependent corps, for scouting and foraging. In a letter to the President of 
Congress, he wrote : 

" Ca|)tain Lee of the light dragoons, and the officers under his com- 
mand, having uniformly distinguished themselves by a conduct of exem- 
plary zeal, prudence, and bravery, I took occasion, on a late signal instance 
of it, to express the high sense I entertained of their merit, and to assure 
him, that it should not fail of being properly noticed. I was: induced to 
give this assurance from a conviction, that it is the wish of Congress to give 
every encouragement to n^ierit, and that they would cheerfully embrace so 
favorable an cp|)ortunity of manifesting this disposition. I had it in con- 
templation at the time, in case no other method more eligible could be 
ad(>]'ted, to m.ake an offer of a j^lace in my family. I have consulted the 
conimittee of Congress upon the subject, and we are mutually of the opinion, 
that giving Captain Lee the conmiand of two troops of horse on the pro- 
posed establishment, with the rank of major, to act as an independent 
corps, would be a mode of rewarding him very advantageous to the service. 
Captain Lee's genius particularly adapts him to command of this nature; 
and it will be tlie most agreeable to him of any station in which he could 
be placed." 

.Shortly after this, Lee was given the command of three companies each 
of cavalry and of infantry, to o[)crate as an independent corps. By the at- 






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332 



LEE OF VIRGINIA. 



tenliou he gave to the discii^line of his men, and the care of their horses, he 
kept his troopers so well mounted and so effective that they were able to 
niMvc with great rapidity and daring. In consequence of their dash and 
bravery in scouting and foragii^g they acquired quite a reputation, and he, 
the soubriquet of " Light- Jiorse Harry," a name which has ever clung to 
him. On the 19th of Jul}-, 1779, at the head of 300 men, Lee surprised 
and captured Paulus Hook, New Jersey, securing some 160 prisoners, and 
retreated v/ith the loss of only two killed and three wounded. For "his 
prudence, address, and bravery," on this and other occasions. Congress 
voted tiK- following resolutions. By the act of 7th of April, 1778, it was 

«' Re^,nlved, whereas Captain Henry Lee, of the Licrht Dragoons, by the whole tenor 
of his conduct during the last campaign, has proved him^iclf a brave and prudent ofticer, ren- 
dered t sicntial service to his country, and acquired to himself and the corps he commanded, 
distinguished honor, and it being the deterrnination of Congress to reward merit, Resolved, 
that Captain Henry Lee be promoted to the rank of Major- Commandant ; that he be era- 
powered to augment his present corps by eiilLstment of tv.-o corps of horse, to act as a sepa- 
rate corps." 

By the act of 24th September, 1779, it was 

" Resolved, that the thanks of Congress be given to Major Lee for the remarkable pru- 
dence, address and bravery disphiyed in the attack on the enemy's fort and works at Paulus 
Hook, and tliat they approve the l:umanity shown in circumstances prompting to severity, as 
honorable to the aims of ihi United States, and correspondent to the noble principles on 
which they were assumed, and that a gold medal, emblematic of this affair, be struck under 
the direction of the Board of Treasury, and presented to Major Lee." 





After serving for three years in the campaigns of the northern army, 
Lee was ordered south to \o\i\ General Greene, with whom he served until 
his final retirement from the army after the surrender of Cornwallis at 
Yorktown. Greene commended him by declaring that " no man in the 



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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 333 

progress of the campaign had equal merit." When it is remcmhered that 
Leo served there with such soldiers as Morgan, Marion, Pickens, Sumter, 
and other gallant officers, the full extent of this praise will be appreciated. 
About October, 1780, Congress proposed to reorganize the army somewhat, 
and among tlie changes considered was the ];lacing of Lee's corps in one of 
the regular regiments. Washington opposed this change, and wrote (nth 
of October, 17 So) to the President of Congress: "... Major Lee has 
rendered such distinguished services, possesses so many talents for com- 
manding a corps of this nature, and deserves so much credit for the j^erfec- 
tion in which he has i<ept his corps, as well as for the handsome exploits he 
has performed, that it would be a loss to the service, and a discouragement 
to merit, to reduce him, and I do not see how he can be introduced into 
. one of the regiments in a manner satisfactory to himself, and which will en- 
able him to be equally useful, without giving too much disgust to the whole 
line of cawilry." This protest had due effect, and Lee retained the com- 
mand of his partisan corps, being also advanced to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel. In vrriting to John Matthews, a member of Congress from South 
Carolina, ^Va3hington was even more complimentary to Lee. Lender date 
of 23d of October, he wrote : " . . . Lee's corps will go to the south- 
ward. I believe it will be found very useful. The corps itself is an excel- 
lent one, and the ofiicer at the head of it /las gn\if resources cf genius.'''' 

Colonel Charles Cornwallis Chesney, of the English army, in an article 
on General Robert E. Lee, speaks thus of his father: "From the very first 
he displayed military talent of a high order, and became before long the 
most noted leader of his army for dashing enterprise in separate command. 
A special gold medal was awarded him by Congress for his capture of the fort 
at Paulus Hook, and in 17S1 he was sent to join the forces under General 
Greene, in the South, there nntched against Cornwallis. That Greene failed, 
on the whole, in his encounter is well knov.n. He was in fact in a posi- 
tion of inferiority, until Cornv.-allis left the South for Petersburg and the 
Richmond jieninsula. . . . Greene, however, though defeated, never ceased 
to hold his own stoutly against Cornwallis for the time, and afterwards 
recovered the Carolinas fully for Congress. His successes were due in great 
part to the talents and energy of his young cavalry commander. General 
Henry Lee had a worthy oiijionent in Colonel Tarleton, a cavalry officer of 
no mean merit in light warfare. But the republican cavalier established his 
superiority very fully in the series of skirmishes that ensued. And although, 
in his own Memoir of the War, he had the modesty to attribute his suc- 
cesses over Tarleton to his superiority in horse flesh, readers of his interest- 
ing work may discern for themselves that his own skill and judgment were 



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334 LEE OF VIRGINIA. ' 

the prime causes of the advantage, and will be disposed to agree to the full 
with General Greene, who wrote in his personal thanks, ' No man in the 
progress of the campaign had equal merit with yourself,' an expression of 
strong meaning coming from a plain, blunt soldier of honest character. 
And this praise v/as fully cijnfirmed by Washington's own words of love 
and thanks, in a letter of later date, written long enough after to show how 
strong in that great man's mind was the memory of the services of ' I^ight- 
Horse Harry,' as his contemporaries familiarly called General Henry Lee." 

Shortly afier the surrender of Cornwallis, I.ee resigned from the army, 
upon which occasion General Greene wrote him this letter : 

"Headquarters, 27th January, 1782. Dear Sir, — I have beheld with 
extreme anxiety for some tim.e ]iast a growing discontent in your mind, and 
have not been \\'iihout my apijrehensions that your complaints originated 
more in distress than in ruin of your constitutiori. Whatever may be the 
source of your vrounds, I vish it was in my pov.-er to heal them. . . . 
From our earliest acquaintance 1 l;ad a partiality for you, which progres- 
sively grew into frier.dship. 1 ^^as under no obligation to you until I came 
into this country ; and yet I believe you will do me the justice to say I 
never wanted inclination to ser\e )0u. Here I liaN'e been under the great- 
est obligations, — obligations I can never cancel. ... I am far from 
agreeing with you in the opinion lliat the public will never do you justice. 
I believe few officers, either in Europe or America, are held in so high a 
point of estimation as you are.' Substantial service is what constitutes last- 
ing reputation ; and your reports this campaign are the best panegyric that 
can be given of your action. ... It is true, there are a few of your coun- 
tr)'men, who fnna ignorance and malice are disposed to do injustice to your 
conduct, but it is out of their power to injure you. Indeed, you are 
ignorant of yoiu own weight and influence, otherwise you would despise 
their sjjleen a!id malice. . . . Everybody knows I lui.ve the highest o'pinion 
of you as an officer, aud you kiiuv,- I love you as a friend; whatever may 
be your determination, to retire or to continue in service, my affection will 
accompany }ou." In a parti]:!g letter Greene adds (12th February, 17S2) : 
" You are going home and you will get married, but you cannot cease to be 
a soldier; should the war rage here I shall call for you in a few months, 
unless I should find your inclination opjjosed to my wishes." 



'" . . General Henry Lee, who, if not tiie foremost m.in of all the woild of his a^re and rank, was 
Certainly the second of no man, if. during seven years of service, in numberless situations requiring tatcats, 
br.^very and prompt exec 'itio;!, the coinmissicn of no fault or the neglect of no duty, entitled him to such 
an appellation." — ( iV>; /;;(;//,■/: o/Jdin iMinks, cf i'a., 83.) 






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STRATFORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 335 

General Charles Lee once said of him, that " Major Lee seemed to 
have come out of his mother's womb a soldier." Marshall, the early his- 
torian of Washington,' has written : " The continued labors and exertions 
of all were highly meritorious, but the successful activity of one corps will 
attract particular attention. The legion, from its structure, was peculiarly 
adapted to the partisan warfare of the Southern States, and, by being de- 
tached against weaker posts of the eneni}-, had opportunities for displaying 
with advantage all the energies it possessed. In that extensive sweep which 
it made from the Santee to Augusta, which employed from the 15th of 
April to the Sth of June, this corps, acting in conjunction first with Marion, 
afterward with Pickens, and sometimes alone, had constituted the principal 
force which carried five British posts and made upward of iioo prisoners." 

Mr. Custis" has declared that, " No oiticer in the American army could 
have been better fitted than Lee for the command of a partisan corps ; for 
in tlie surprise of posts, in gaining intelligence, of distracting and discom- 
forting your enemy, without bringing him to a general action, and all the 
strategy v/hich belongs to the partisan warfare, few officers in any service 
have been more distinguished than the subject of our memoir. The legion 
of 1-ee, under the untiring labors of its active, talented commander, became 
one of the most efficient corps in the American army. The horsemen were 
principally recruited in the Southern and Middle States — countries pro- 
verl)ial for furnishing skilful riders ; v/hile the horses, under the insi)ection 
of the Virginian commander, were sujjerior in bone and figure, and could 
many of them have boasted a lineal descent from the Godolphin Arabian. 

" Among Lee's officers were the good and gallant names of Eggleston, 
Rudolph, Ariustrong, O'Xeil, and the surviving honored veterans Allen 
M'Lane of Delaware, and Harrison of \'irginia. The arrival of the legion 
in the South was hailed as most auspicious to the success of our arms in that 
quarter; indeed, so fine a corps of horse and foot, so well disciplined, and 
in such gallant array, was rarely to be seen in those our days of desolation. 
The partisan legion did good service in the campaigns of the Carolinab, and 
the commander won his way to the esteem and confidence of Greene, the 
7i' ell- be loved of Washington, as he had previously done to the esteem and 
confidence of the great chief himself ; and, as a justice to the great military 
sagacity of Lee, let it be remembered, that he was mainly instrumental in 
advising Greene to that return to the Carolinas which eventuated in the de- 
cisive and glorious combat of Eutaw, and the virtual liberation of the South. 
With the close of the campaign of 17S1 ended the military services of 



' Life cf Washirtgti'n, IV, p. 336. 

* R(Cel!ectiont e/ Waskingion, by G. W. P. Custis, 1S60, pp. 357-g. 



r.il 






V. V. 



33^ LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Lee. He retired on furlough to Virginia, and was hap- 
pily present at the surrender of his old adversary, the formidable Corn- 
wallis, i9tli October. Lee married shortly afterward, and settled in the 
county of Westmoreland, but was permitted, by his grateful and admiring 
countrymen, for a short time only to enjoy the otiinn cum di-^/u'Ai/e, being 
successfully cliosen to the state legislature, the convention for ratifying the 
constitution, the gubernatorial chair, and the Congress of the United 
States." 

During all his services in these legislative bodies, Henry Lee was 
an ardent federalist, ably supijorting Madison and others in their efforts for 
securing the i-atification of the Constitution by the Virginia Convention. 
In taking thij position he was an antagonist of his cousin, Richard Henry 
Lee, yet the latter considered his services so valuable to the State that he 
was anxious for him to be in the Virginia Aspeml)ly. Under date of 14th 
July, 17S7, R. H. Lee wrote his brother, Arthur : "1 do really consider it 
a thing of consequence to the public interest that Col. H. Lee of Stratford 
should be in our next Assembly, and therefore v.ish you would exert your- 
self with tlie old Squire [Richard Lee] to get his resignation, or disqualifi- 
cation rather, so that his nephew may get early irito the House of Delegates. 
I know it is like persuading a man to sign his own death warrant, but upon 
rny word the state of public affairs renders the sacrifice of place and vanity, 
necessary." 

Henry Lee was governor of Virginia for tli-'ee years ; wliile in this 
office, Washington appointed him to command the troops ordered out to 
suppress the "Whiskey Rebellion," which occiuTed in western Pennsylva- 
nia, in 1794; he succeeded in quelling the rebellion without bloodshed. 
On the 19th of Jul}', 1798, he was appointed a major-general in the army, 
and was honor.abiy discharged on the 15th of June, tSoo. Being a member 
of Congress in 1799, when the riews of the death of ^^'ashington was re- 
ceived by Congre.-~s, he drew up a series of resolutions, formally announcing 
tliat event, v,-hich were presented in his absence, by his colleague, John 
Marshall; in the^e resolutions occur those ever memorable words : '■^ First 
in ivar, first ill peace ^ and first in tJie hearts of his felicd'-cifizcnsy There- 
upon, Congress resolved that " the President of the Senate and theS[»eaker 
of the House of Representati\ es, be desired to request one of the members 
of Congress to perform and deliver" an oration. Henry Lee was selected 
to pay this tribute on behalf of Congress to the great Washington, and the 
oration was delivered before Congress on the 26th of December, 1799, at 
the "German Lutheran Church, in 4th street, above Arch, Philadelphia, 
the largest ii^ the city." 



f-:l isyt [ re 



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STRATFORD T,INE, FIFTH GENERATION. 337 

Of this oration, Mr. Custis ^ has written, as one who had heard it: 
" With the advantages of a classical education, General Lee possessed taste 
and distinguished powers of eloquence ; and was selected, on the demise of 
Wasliington, to deliver the oration in the funeral solemnities decreed by 
Congress in honor of the Pater ratri;e. The oration having been but im- 
perfectly committed to memory, from the very short time in which it was 
composed, somewhat impaired its eftect upon the auditory; but, :is a com- 
position, it has only to be read to be admired, for the puiity and elegance 
of its language, and the powerful appeal it makes to the hearts of its readers ; 
and we will venture to afnrm. that it will rank among the most celebrated 
[jerformances of those highly distinguished men who mounted the rostrum 
on that imposing occasion of n;itional mourning." 

rvlr. Custis adds : ' •' In one particular Lee may be said to have ex- 
celled his illustrious contemporaries, ISLarshall, }vLadison, Hamilton, Gouver- 
neur Morris and Ames. It v.as in a surprising quickness of talent, a genius 
sudden, dazzling, and always at comm.and, with an eloquence which seemed 
to flow unbidden. Seated at a convivial board when the death of Patrick 
Henry was announced, Lee called for a scrap of paper, and in a few mo- 
ments produced a striking and beautiful eulogium upon the Demosthenes 
of modern libert}-. His powers of conversation were also fascinating in 
the extreme, possessing those rare and admiral.ile qualities which seize and 
hold captive his hearers, del'ghting v.hile they instruct. That Lee was a 
man of letters, a scholar v.ho had ripened under a truly classical sun. we 
have only to turn to his work on the southern war, where he vras, indeed, the 
.^fagfia pars fui oi all which he relates — a work which well deserves to be 
ranked wiih the commentaries of the famed master of the Roman world, 
who, like our Lee, was equall}- renowned with the pen as the sv/ord. r)Ut 
there is a line, a single line, in the works of Lee which would hand him 
over to immortality, though he had never written another. ' Y'u^i in v.ar, 
first in peace, and first in the hearts of his fellow-countrymen ' ^ will last 
while language lasts. What a sublime eulogium is pronounced in that noble 
line ! So few words, and yet how illustrative are they of the vast and match- 
less character of Washington ! Tliey are words which will descend with 
the memory of the hero they are meant to honor, to the veneration of 
remotest posterity, and be graven on colossal statues of the Pater Patriise in 
some tuture age. 



> RfCjUeclinr.s of Hasr.irghni, by G. W. P. Custis, 360-1, 47?, 615. 
■-' //•/./., pp. J6 1-2-3. 

^ In the rc.:,'i'uf!>ns pre^rnted to Congress, Lee used the phrase "fellow-citizens"; but in his pralian 
he usc'i ■' fe!!o.v-coiiLitryaien." 



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'(!'. ,>•!,; -, -Kii} cl 



^ i ; ".■■■':. l) 









338 LEE OK VIRGINIA. " ly-, 

" The attachment of Lee to Washington was like that of Hamilton, 
pure and enthusiastic — like that of the chivalric Lanrens, devotional. It 
was in the praise of his ' liero, liis friend, and his country's preserver ' that the 
splendid talents of Lee were often elicited, with a force and grandeur of 
eloquence wholly his own. The tame and memory of his chief was the 
fondly-cherished passion to which he clung amid the wreck of his fortunes 
— tlie hope v.hich gave warmth to his heart when all else around him seemed 
cold and desolate. But shall the biograpl-tcr's task be complete, when the 
faults of his subject are not to be taken into account? Of faults, perhaps 
the subject of our memoir liad many ; yet how admirable is the maxim 
handed down to us from the ancients, 'Dc uiortuis niL nisi bomon.' Let the 
faults of Lee be buried in his distant grave — let the turf of oblivion close 
over the failings of him whose early devotion to liberty, in liberty's bat- 
tles — wliose eloquence in her senates and historical memoirs of her times 
of trial, shed a lustre on his country in the young days of the Republic ; and 
when Americans of some future date shall search amid the records of their 
early history for the lives of illustrious men who flourished in the age of 
Washington, high on a brilliant scroll will they find inscribed Henry Lee, 
a son of Virginia — patriot, soldier, and historian of the Revolution, and 
orator and statesman of the Republic." 

In I So I Henry Lee retired permanently from public life, hoping to 
spend the remainder of his days in the peaceful quiet of a Virginia farm 
life. "' Witli his congressional career, ended the better days of this highly 
gifted man. An unhappy rage for speculation caused him to embark upon 
that treacherous stream, which gently, and almost imperceptibly at first, 
but with sure and fearful rapidit\' at last, hurries its victims to the vortex of 
destruction. It was, indeed, lamentable to behold the venerable Morris and 
Lee, patriots, who, in the senates of liberty and on her battle fields, had 
done the 'state such service,' instead of cnjo} ir.g a calm and happy evening 
of life, to be languishing in prison and in exile. Lee, after long struggling 
with adversity, sought in a foreign land a reU;.:e from his nnny ills, where, 
becoming broken in health, he returned home to die. He reached the 
mansion of Greene, and fortune, relenting her frowns, lit up his few re- 
maining days with a smile. There, amid attentions the most consoling and 
kindly, surrounded by recollections of his old and loved commander, the 
most fond and endearing, the worn and wearied spirit of the patriot, states- 
man, and soldier of liberty found rest in the grave." 

In 1S09 Henry Lee wrote his interesting Memoirs of (he IVar in the 
Soafhi-rn Department of ike Unite J States. Shortly afterward (June, 1S12) 
he was very seriously injured by a mob at Baltimore while attempting to 



cv".id'' Mifri 1' 



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STRATtORD LINE, FIFTH GENERATION. 3^ 

defend the house of a friend. Later he made a voyage to the West Indies, 
seekiii::^ rcstnration for his shattered health. On liis way home he 
landed at Cumberland Island, on the coast of Georgia, the home of his 
old commander and friend. General Greene, where he died on the 25th of 
Marc!), iSiS, and was buried. A war vessel, happening to be anchored 
near by, her captain and crew assisted at his funeral, and paid the last 
military honors to the dead soldier. As has been said: -'Fortune seems 
to have conducted him at the close of his life almost to the tomb of Greene ; 
and his bones may now repose by the side of those of his beloved chief; 
friends in war, united in death, and partners in a never-dying fame." 

As stated by Mr. Custis, Henry Lee was always an ardent admirer 
of Wasiiington, and never lost an opportunity of expressing his venera- 
tion for that great man. In his last illness "a surgical operation was 
proposed, as offering some hope of prolonging his life ; but he replied that 
the eminent surgeon to whose skill and care, during his sojourn in the West 
Indies, he was so much indebted, had disapiiroved a resort to the proposed 
operation. The surgeon in attendance still urging it, the patient put an 
e'.id to the discussion by saying: ' My dear sir, were the great Washington 
alive and here, and joining you in advocating it, I would still resist.' " 

Mr. Irving has said that Henry Lee was always a favorite with Wash- 
ington, and was very often favorably noticed by him. And Lee, on his part, 
seems to have looked up to Washington rather as a friend or older brother, 
than as iu's military chief. In his letters he appears to have asked for 
advice upon any private business or public topic that interested him, and to 
have exjuessed his feelings and opinions upon current affairs with much 
freedom. Mr. Irving says further.^ '' Colonel Henry Lee, who used to be 
a favored guest at Mount Vcnion, does not seem to have been much under 
the infiuence of that ' reverential awe ' which Washington is said to have 
inspired; it we may judge from the following anecdote. Washington one 
day at table mentioned his being in want of carriage horses, and asked Lee 
if he kr.cv.- where he could get a pair. 

•''I have a fine pair, general,' replied Lee, 'but you cannot get 
them.' 

" 'Why not?' 

** ' Because you will never pay more than half price for anything ; and 
I must have full price for mv horses.' 

"The bantering repl}- set Mrs. Washington laughing, and her parrot, 
perclied beside her, joined in the laugh. The general took this familiar 

• /..•/<■ of 1','iis^.iMgtjn, IV, 4^0. 



34© LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

'.J ) 

as?ault upon his dignity in great good part. ' Ah, Lee, you are a funny 
fellow,' said he; 'see, that bird is laughing at you.' " 

The following letter of s}-mpathy from General \Vashington to Henry 
Lee, was evidently written in response to the news of the deaths of his (first) 
wife and son ; indeed, on tlie original were indorsed these words by Lee 
himself. " the deaths of my wife and son " : ' 

" Xew York, Augt. 27th, 1790. My dear Sir, I have been duly 
favoured with tlie receipt of your obliging letter dated the 12th of June 
last. I am also indebted to you for a long letter written to me in the course 
of last year and should have had the pleasure sooner to express my acknowl- 
edgments for the tender interest you take on account of my health and 
administration, but such is the multiplicity of my avocations, and so 
great the pressure of public business as to leave me no leisure for the agree- 
able duty of answering private letters from my friends — and although I 
shall at all times be hapjiy to hear from them, yet I shall be but an unprofit- 
able correspondent, as it will not be in my power to make those returns 
which under other circumstances I should have real pleasure in doing. 

'• It is unnecessary to assure you of the interest I take in whatever nearly 
concerns you. I therefore very sincerely condole with you on your late, 
and great losses ; but as the ways of Providence are as inscrutable as just, it 
becomes the children of it to submit with resignation and fortitiide to its 
decrees as far as the feelings of humanity will allo-A', and your good ;ense 
will, I am persuaded, enable you to do this. Mrs. Washington joins me in 
these sentiments and with great esteem and regard, I am, my dear Sir," etc. 

Henry Lee was twice married; first, in the spring of 1782,' to his 
cousin Matilda, daughter of Philip Ludwell. and Elizabeth (Steptoe) Lee, 
of Stratford; she died about May, 1790, having had four children; of 
these, Xnthaniel (ireene died in early infancy, and Philip Ludwell, when 
about seven years old ; the other two, a daughter and son, survived : ' 

i, Licv CTUv:^IF.s^ l)0'n in 17S6, and died in 1S60; she was married, in 
1S03, to Bernard Moore Carter, a son of Charles Carter, by his second 
wife, Anne Butler Moore; they had issue: i, Charles Henry, who 



'Copied irom the original by Mr. Joseph Packard, Jr. 

5 In a desd for dAision of lands, dated 30th of April, tjSa, she was mentioned as the wife of Henry 
Lee, Jr. 

■•Py a d-ed of trust, dated the i.jth of August, 1790, between Henry Lee, of Stratford, and Matilda, his 
wife, of tic first part, and Philip LudwcU Lee, Henr>- Lee, and Lucy Grymes Lee, children of the said 
Henry and >!ali'da, of l'.:e second part, and Richard Bland Lee and Ludwell Lee, of the third part, it wai 
covenanted that, at the de.itii of said Henry and Matilda, Stratford was to go to the eldest son, Philip Lud- 
wcU Lee, and the '• Sugar plantation in Loudoun " to Henry Lee, the youngest son, etc. 



t\ ■ : -y. 



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13: '}(''. .Tt \Vy,l- .v:.i 



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STRATFORD LIXf:. FIFTH CENERATION. 34I 

married Rosalie F>ugenia CaKen, of Piince Cleorge's county, Md., and 
had issue: .Eiigenia, Alice. Bernard, Mildred, Annette, Ella, and Mary 
R".' "Carter. Of these, Bernard married Mar)- Buckner, daughter of 
David Ridgeley, of "White Marsh," Baltimore county, and has issue. 

2, Josephine, v.ho married Eugene Erausen, and died without issue. 

3, Matilda Lee, who married Thomas ^L ^\'illing, and had six children. 

4, Mildred Randolph, who raarried Louis de Potestad, and left a son, 
Louis, and other children. 5, Charlotte, who married G. W. Feather- 
stonehaugh, of England, and left issue. 6, Bernard Moore, no issue. 

ii, Henry ^ See 47. 

After his first wife's death, Henry Lee had seriously considered the 
idea of going to France, where, as he wrote Washington when consulting him 
u[)on the step, a major-general's commission awaited him. Washington 
Y/ould give no direct advice, but discouraged the idea, saying he himself 
would not think of taking such a step, " because it would appear a bound- 
less ocean I was about to embark on, from whence no land is seen. . . . 
Tho.:>e in whose hands the government [of France] is intrusted are ready to 
tear each other to pieces, and will more than probably prove the worst foes 
the country has." This project v/as given up, whether througli the influ- 
ence of Washington or from the objection of Mr. Carter, or both, is not 
known. Mr. Carter would not consent to a union with his daughter until 
assured that tlie French project was abandoned. He wrote, under date of 
the 20th Oi -May, 1793 : '*' 1 he only objection we ever had to your connec- 
tion with our lieloved daughter is now entirely done away. You have de- 
clared upon \'our honor that you ha\'e relinquished all thoughts of going to 
France, and we rest satisfied with that assurance. As we certainly know 
that you have obtained her consent, you shall have that of her j)arents most 
coujialh', to bo joined togelhcr in the liol}' bond.- of niatrimoir,", wlienever 
she pleases ; and as it is determined on, by the a})probation and sincere 
affection of all frien.ls, as wcW as of the parties ir.iniediatelv concerned, we 
think the sooner it takes place the better." 

On hearing of this niarriage. Washington writes to Lee, *' . . . As 
we are told that you have exchanged the rugt'cd and dangeror.s field of 
Mars for the soft and pleasurable t-ed of Venus, I do in this, as I sliall in 
every thing you may pursue like unto it, good and laudable, wish you all 
imaginable success and hapitiness." ' 

Henry Lee married, secondly, on the iSth of June, 1793. Anne Hill, 
daughter of Charles Carter. o\ •' Shirley," and Anne Butler Moore, his sec- 



' Ford's IrWri.'iK^s o/ Gtjr,ce n-'asHn^-ton. XII, 311. 






>i, ' ' 



342 LEE OF VIRGIXIA. 

ondwife; Mrs. Lee was born in 1773, and died in 1829; tliey had six 
children, the record of their ages given here is from Mrs. Lee's family 
Bible. 

iii, Algerxon' Sidney*, burn 2d April. 1795; died the 9ih of August, 
1796. 

iv, Charles Carter*. See 48. . , 

V, Anxe Kinloch*, born the I9lh of June, iSoo; died at Baltimore on 
the 20th of February, 1864; she married in 1S25 Jud,L,e William 
Louis Marshall; born at " Buckpond," Woodford county, Kentuck), 
on the 26ih of September, 1S03; died on the 5th of Oc'obor, 1869, 
in Southern California, where he moved after his v.ife's death. Judge 
Marshall settled in Baltimore shortly after his marriage, being at that 
time a minister ; later he studied law, and e\'entually became one of 
the leading jurists of the State, filling several public offices. Judge 
Marshall was the second son of Dr. Louis INLirshall and Agatha Smith, 
his wife, who was born at ''Oakhiil," Fauquier county, on the 7th uf 
October, 1773. and died at " Buckpond," \\'oodford county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1 866. Dr. Marshall was the eleventh child of the famous 
Col. Thomas ^Lirshall, a schoolmate and life-long friend of Washing- 
ton. Colonel Marshall was born in Westmoreland county on the 2d 
of April, 1730; removed to Kentucky in 17S5, and died at ^v'a■3hing- 
ton. Mason county, in that State, on the 22d of June, 1802. F!e was 
also the father of Chief Justice John Marshall. (See Marshall P'amily 
under 84.) Judge William Lewis and Anne Kinloch (Lee) ^Larshall 
had one .son, Col. Louis Henr_\' Marshall, who was born about 1S27; 
graduated at West Point, and was appointed Brevet Second Lieu'.enant, 
3d Infantry, on the ist of Jul_\", 1849 ; Second Lieutenant, 5t!i March, 
1851: Fiist Lieutenant, loth Infantr}', 3d March, 1S55; Captain, 
29th December, 1S60; ?.Lijor, 14th Lifantry, i6th October, 1863; 
transferred to 23d Infantry tlie .^i^t of A['iil, 1860; resigned 23d No- 
vember, 1S6S; Brevet Colonel, 13th March, 1S65, ''for meritorious 
and gallant service during the war." Col. ^Lirshall has been twice 
married; first, on the ist of June, 1854, to l-'lorence Burke; ^,e^:o[■'dly, 
on the 2d of June, 1S84. to Elvira C. While. With his wife and four 
children. Col. Marshall has been living in Southern California. . • 

vi, SiDNEV Smith ^ See 49. 

vii, Robert Kdwakd*. See 50. 

viii, Catharine MilI'RED*', born the 27th of February, iSii, at Alexan- 
dria; died at Paris. France, in 1856; she married, in 1831, Edward 






. ■ r 



1 -.; ') 



STRATKORlJ LINE, FIFTH GKNERATIOX. 343 

Vernon Childe, and had: i, Edward Lee Childe, who is living in 
France; he has been twice married; first, in iS6S, to Blanche de 
Trigueti ; secondly, in i8SS, to Marie de Sartiges. 2, Arthur Lee 
Childe, who died at Munich in 1S56. •;, Florence Childe, who resides 
at Paris; she married in 1S54, Count Henri Sultyk, and has one son, 
Count Stanislas Soltyk, born in 1855, and now an officer in the Aus- 
trian service. 4, Mary Custis Childe, who married in 1S59, Robert 
Gilmor Hoffman, of Baltimore, and died in 1S67, without issue^.'^iiviymo-. 

While absent from home in the West Indies, Henry l^ce wrote a series 
of letters to his son. Carter, which the latter declared furnished " the best 
history of the close of our father's life." " These letters of love and wis- 
dom," as General Robert E. Lee called them, are certainly worthy of re- 
production here : ^ 

"Port-au-Prince, St. Domingo, 26t]i June, 1S16. My dear Carter, — 
I have just heard by a letter from Henr)- that you are fixed at the Univer- 
sity of Cambridge, the seminary of my choice. You will there have not 
only ex'cellent examples to encourage your love and practice of virtue, the 
only real good in life, but ample scope to j)ursue learning to its bottom, 
thereby fitting yourself to be useful to your country and to be an ornament 
to your friends. 

" You know, my dear son, the deep and afteclionate interest I have 
taken in you from the first moment of your existence, and }our kind, amia- 
ble disposition will never cease enjoying and amplifyii-;g your father's hap- 
piness to the best of your ability. You will do this by preferring the 
practice of virtue to all other things ; you know my abhorrence of lying, 
and you have been often told by me tliat it led to every vice and cancelled 
every tendency to \ irtue. Never forget this truth, and disdain this mean 
and infamous practice. Epaminondas, the great Theban who defended his 
couiitry when ein'ironed by powerful foes, and was the most virtuous man 
of his age, so abhorred hing that he would ne\er tell one even in jest. 
Imitate this great man and you may equal him in goodness, infinitely to be 
preferred to his greatness. 1 am too sick to continue this discussion, 
though I begin to hope I may live to see you, your dear mother, and our 
other sweet offspring. I only write now to require that you write monthly to 
me. Send your letters Ijy vessels tVom Boston which go to Turk's Island ior 
salt ; and inclose them to Mr. Daniel Bascomlie, merchant. He will send 
them to me wherever I may be, though I shall not get tliem as expeditiously 



'These letters arc tiken from GeiicMl Robert E. Lee's preface to his eJition of l;is father's Memoirs. 



e>i 



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1, 



344 LEE OF VIRCIXIA. T-^o 

as my heart desires. This goes to Mr. Wm. Sullivan, a gentlciiian of Bostoii, 
who will send it to you, and do you any necessary favor should sickness or 
accident rer.der any such favor requisite. He is, too, an exemplary gen- 
tleman, worthy of your imitation. There is a little boy, Janies Smith, son 
of a Mr. Smith of these islands, at school at Wesifield, not far from Cam- 
bridge ; should you ever go that way call and see this bo\-, and assist him 
by }-our advice and countenance. He is in a strange land ami far from his 
relatives. My prayers are offered to Almighty God for th.e i^rotection of 
my darling Carter, and especially for establishing in his heart and conduct 
virtue in all its power. I pray you never to forget that virtue is our first 
good and lying its deadly foe." 

" Turk's Island (on my vo)age to New rro\idence) Sth August, iSi6. — 
My dear Carter will have received one letter written as soon as I kneu- he 
was settled at Cambridge, and v/hich was sent to the care of Mr. Sullivan, 
in Boston. Having this moment an opiiortunit}' to send to New York, I 
use it to repeat my love and prayers for his health and advancement in the 
acquisition of knowledge from its foundation, not on the surface. This last 
turns man into a puppy, and the first fits him fjr the highest utility and 
most lasting pleasure. I requested you to write monthly to me, giving to me 
with clearness and brevity a narrative of your studies, recreaticins, and your 
relish for the occupations wliich em{)loy you in and out of ci'lie:.e. Never 
mind your style; but write your first impressions quickly, clear!}- and 
honestly. St}le will come in due time, as will maturit}- of iudguK-nt. Above 
all things earthly, even love to the best of mothers and your ever-devoted 
father, I entreat \ou to cherish truth and abhor deception. Dwell on the 
virtues, and imitate, as far as lies in your power, the great and goud men 
whom history presents to our vie\s'. 

" ' Minerva I Let such exnmplcs teach thee to beware, 
Against (jreat God thou utter aught profane ; 
And, if perchance, in riches or in power 
Thou shinest sui)t^rior, be not insolent ; 
lor, know, a day suiixeth to exalt 
^ , C)r to depress the state of murlal man. 

The N^iiC and good are by our (Jod beloved, 
But those who practice evil he abhors.' 

"You have my favorite precept, instilled from your infancy by my 
lips, morning, noon, and night, in my familiar talks with }oii, here pre- 
sented to your mind in the })urity and elegance of the Grecian tragedian 
[Sophocles]. You never, I trust, will forget to make it the cardinal rule of 
your life. It will, at least, arrest any tendency to imitate the low, degrad- 



A :-.;7-; ( 1 



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W V I ,1 



■7 -■■ '•,■ 






■it:. 



STRATFORD LIKE, FIFTH GENERATION. 345 

ing usage, too comuiun, of swearing in conversation, especially with your 
inferiors. My miserable state of health improves by occasional voyaging in 
this fine climate, with the sage guidance of a superior physician to v/hom I 
am now returning. When Boston fails to give you opportunities to write 
as iK-fore directed, >cndyour letters to Mr. William Goddard, in Provi- 
dcp.ce, who will forward them to me." 

" Caicos, 30th September, iSi6. October is near at hand, and no 
letter from my beloved Carter; notwithstanding I have been waiting to you 
ever since I learned that you were at Cambridge, and the salt vessels are 
weekly arriving at the adjacent islands, and I had asked my friends, Mr. Sulli- 
van and Mr. Goddard, to forward your letters. What can this m.ean ? 
Anvthing, I know, my dear son, but your lukewarmness of devotion and 
love to your father. I have been detained three months on my way to my 
Spanish doctor in Nassau, the chief town of Providence, where I hope to 
be partially restored or to die in the attempt ; why, then, will you not give 
me the delight of reading your letters 1 Write, I entreat you, your thoughts 
iu^t as they come, and in the order and fashion in v/hich they arise. . . . 
I am very serious in this requisition ; and if your letters exhibit labor, 
instead of negligent ease, I shall be unhappy. Never show those for me 
to vcur preceptor or any one else. Speak from your heart to my heart : 
that is what 1 want, and want only. In Barbadoes, where I landed from 
Alexandria, and v.hcre I resided six months, I often wrote to you and some- 
times to Anne, but never heard from either. One of those letters treated 
on the subject of your advance and progress through life, and I will here 
repeat some of its contents. . . . Important as it is to understand nature in 
its range and bearing, it is more so to be prepared for usefulness, and to 
render ourselves pleasing by underNtanding well the religious and nioral 
knowledge of right and wrong, to investigate thoroughly the hi>tory of 
mankind, and to be familiar with those examples which show loveliness of 
truth, and demonstrate the reasonableness of our oinnions by past e\-ents. 
Providence and justice manifest their excellence at all times and in all 
places; we are called to moralize daily, but we seldom turn to geometry; 
with intellectual nature we have constant intercourse, but speculations upon 
matter are rare, and w hen much at leisure, we know little of the skill of our 
acquaintance in astronomy, though we daily see him, but his integrity, his 
ber.evolence, his truth and prudence instantly appear. Read therefore the 
best poets, the best orators, and the best historians ; as from them you 
draw principles of moral truth, axioms of prudence and material for con- 
versation. This was tlie opinion of the great Socrates. He labored in 



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346 LEE OF VIRGINIA. t"l,; 

Athens to turn philosophy from the study of nature to the study of life. 
He justly thought man's great business was to learn how to do good, and to 
avoid evil. Be a steady, ardent disciple of Socrates; and regard virtue, 
whose temple is built upon truth, as the chief good. I would rather see 
you unlearned and unnoticed, if virtuous in practice as well as theory, than 
to see you the equal in glory to the great Washington ; but virtue and 
wisdom are not opponents; they are friends and coalesce in a few charac- 
ters such as his. A foolish notion often springs up with young men as they 
enter life, namely, that the opinion of the world is not to be regarded ; 
whereas, it is the true criterion, generally speaking, of all things that 
terminate in human life. To despise its sentence, if possible, is not just ; 
and if just, is not possible. So think now, and be confirmed as you advance. 
Tell me about my dear Smith and Robert : their genius, temper, their 
disposition to learn, their diligence, and jjersevcrance in doing what is 
assigned to them. Tell me the whole truth ; and be virtuous, which will 
render you happy." 

"Nassau, New Providence, 1 Dec. 1816. My Dear Carter has never 
answered one of the many letters to him, from the day 1 understood he was 
placed by his dear mother at Cambridge; my misfortune, not your fault. 
I have confidence in your heart, not to be shaken ; and I know, ardent and 
constant as has been my love for you, correspondent at least has been your 
affection and respect for me. ... I occasionally sent you a book, which 
I commended to your serious stud_\-, but whether any ha\e ever reached you, 
I do not know. Now I must urge you, as the library at Cambridge will 
present to your discrimination a large collection, to avoid all frivolous au- 
thors; such as no\'cl writers, and all skeptical authors, wlielhcr religious, 
philosophic, or moral. Adhere to history and ethical authors of unrivalled 
character; first of the latter description is John Locke; do not only read 
hint', but study him ; do not only study, but consult liim as the Grecians 
did the Delphic oracle. Make him the director oi^ _\our mind and the 
guide of \our l;;cubrations. Francis Bacon (\*iscount of St. Alban's, I 
believe) is wonderfully instructi\e ; though of cowardly, desfiicable charac- 
ter. The Karl of Shaftesbury, Locke's patron, is like Locke himself, in 
another way. Dean Swift commands your high admiration and is truly 
instructive, as well as infinitely agreeable. Da\-id Hume is at the head of 
English historians, and his essays abound with shining information to the 
mind, as do Johnson's works. .Among the English poets prefer Pope; he 
is worthy of uni\ersal applause, far superior to Milton, as his ///ui/ com- 
pared with Paraiiisc Lost evinces. 



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STRATFORD LINK, FIFTH GFKERATION. 347 

" I trust you are a good classic, and then among the ancients pore over 
'I'aciius, Xenoj'hon, Julius Ciesar, and Pols-bius in f<rose, and Homer and 
Sophocles in verse. Virgil is Homer's excellent imitator, but far below 
the transcendant Greek. Lucretius, ' de natura rennn,' is full of marks of 
sujjerior genius ; but he supj)orts atlieism, and inciti-s in the mind wonder 
at his folly and compassion for his error, with, indignation for the possible 
injury he might do to the human race. If 1 had not partly read him, I 
never could l:avc believed there ever lived a man who was in judgment an 
atheist. If \uu have not Locke in your college library, tell me, and I will 
furnish you; as I will with the meditations of Marcus Aurelius, the great 
and good emperor, adopted bv Antoninus, his equal in excellence, whose 
name he bears in history. In the first of his tneditations, he thus speaks 
of. himself, which I give summarily, to excite your desire to become in- 
timate v,-ith him and to emulate him: 

"' From the example of my grandf.Ulier I acquired avirUious disposition and an habitual 
command over my ten\per. From my ov.n father I learned to behave with modesty, jet 
with manly hrinne?s on all occasions. My mother I have imitated in piety, and have been 
taught not only to ab^tain from vice, but to abhor the thought of it, and she tauijht me to be 
simple and abstemious in diet. To my ^aandfather I am indebted for the best masters ; and 
from the governor of my early (.la_\s I le.;rned to avoid races, games, and such diversions; 
substituting for thr-m ha.'dsLips and fatigues; to reduce the conveniences of life into a nar- 
row compass, to wait upon myself; never to listen to calumny, or to meddle v/ith the busi- 
ness of others. Dignetus stopped rae from pursuing triiles and from believing the vulgar 
tales of prodigies, spirits, and such kind of follies. He taught me to bear patiently the ad- 
monitions of my friends ;• to sleep on a hard couch; and, while a bpy, to write dialogues. 
From Roaticus I learned, not to assu^iie any state in my deportment; to write letters in a 
plain, unornatneuted style ; to be readily reconciled to all who had injured me, when they 
seemed inclined to do right ; to read ^vil]^ care and attention ; not to be content with a gen- 
eral, superficial view of the subject, nor to recede from my opinion only when convinced it 
was error. ApoUoniu^ taught me to maintain the freedom of mind ; a constancy independent 
of fortune; and to keep a steady eye in the most minute instances to the dictates of reason ; 
to preserve an even temper always, even in joy or pain ; and to be like him, rigid in prin- 
ciple, but easy and affiible in nuuiiierj. In .'^ext'.is I had -.n example of a truly benevolent 
disposition, and of a family governed wiih paternal care and a'fection. Like iiini, I deter- 
mined to live according to nature, simple arid unaffected ; and, like him, to acquire reputa- 
tion without noi.-e, and deep learning without ostentation. I imitate my relative, Severus, in 
love of my relations and of truth and justice; and from Claudius 1 learned to be always mas- 
ter of myself, and never to yield to passion. 

"You will agree that a .boy thus reared must turn out good and 
great when a man ; and you will, I hope, hold before your eyes a^ a 
model, Marcus Amelius. It is a small book, and its precepts should be en- 
graven upon your mind and habituated in your conduct, ^'ou write, I 
hope, regukul)- to your dear mother, and to Henry, also to your sister 



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348 LEE OF VIRGINIA. 

Auue, and your brother Sydney. This will improve them and cement your 
mutual afiecticn. .My letters you must keep and give them lo Smith to 
read. . . . M)' health is better. I hope to leave this place in April, if 
I live. Fareuell, my dear son." 

"Nas.san. 9 lebiuary, 1S17. My beloved Carter's letter of July 25th 
came to hand, not on the birth day of the great and good Washington, 
but in his birth month, and infused into his father's heart an overflow 
of delight, in defiance of the torturing pains of disease. Always dear to 
me, ahvays the .-ource of delicious anticipations, I see, from your first per- 
formance ample evidence that my fond hopes will not be disappointed. Go 
on in the road of truth to the temple of virtue, where dwell her handmaids, 
modesty, tem.perarice, benevolence, fortitude, and justice. Fame in arms 
or art, however conspicuous, is naught, unless bottomed on virtue. Think, 
therefore, of fame only as the a{>pendage to virtue; and be virtuous, though 
p!>or, humble, and scorned. 

" Remember how often I liave prayed you to imitate Epaminondas in 
his regard for truth, if you cannot a-^pire